CN104429988A - Cat litter for thoroughly decomposing feces and preparing method thereof - Google Patents

Cat litter for thoroughly decomposing feces and preparing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104429988A
CN104429988A CN 201410711569 CN201410711569A CN104429988A CN 104429988 A CN104429988 A CN 104429988A CN 201410711569 CN201410711569 CN 201410711569 CN 201410711569 A CN201410711569 A CN 201410711569A CN 104429988 A CN104429988 A CN 104429988A
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parts
feces
cat litter
litter
cyclodextrin
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CN 201410711569
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Chinese (zh)
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程岗
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芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/015Floor coverings, e.g. bedding-down sheets ; Stable floors
    • A01K1/0152Litter
    • A01K1/0154Litter comprising inorganic material

Abstract

The invention discloses cat litter for thoroughly decomposing feces and a preparing method of the cat litter. The cat litter is prepared from, by weight, 2 parts to 3 parts of microbial agents, 4 parts to 5 parts of beta-cyclodextrin, 10 parts to 15 parts of rapeseed oil residues, 6 parts to 10 parts of lotus leaves, 40 parts to 50 parts of clay, 25 parts to 30 parts of rice bran, 15 parts to 20 parts of gypsum powder, 4 parts to 5 parts of bonder and a proper amount of water. Through embedding of the embedding technology of the beta-cyclodextrin, microbial strains of the feces can be fermented and then mixed with basic substances such as the clay to manufacture the cat litter capable of adsorbing pet feces, the function for decomposing the feces is achieved, it means that a user does not need to remove the feces in time, diffusion of peculiar smells can be effectively prevented, air quality is protected, and the thoroughly decomposed feces can be used as base fertilizer. Specifically, the rapeseed oil waste residues and the lotus leaves are decocted, the remaining rapeseed oil and aromatic ester with the fragrance of the lotus leaves are obtained, the beta-cyclodextrin and the thallus form embedding after refining through the ultrasonic effect, the cat litter has effects as a whole, meanwhile, the fragrance remaining in the waste residues has the effect for improving the air quality, and the effect is obvious.

Description

一种腐熟粪便型猫砂及其制备方法 Litter manure composting one kind of type and preparation method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于猫砂的工艺技术领域,具体涉及到一种腐熟粪便型猫砂及其制备方法。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field of processes litter, manure composting particularly relates to a cat litter type and preparation method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 猫砂在国外是一种消耗量非常大的宠物用品,是绝大多数饲养宠物猫家庭的常用必备品,另外在宠物店,宠物猫繁殖场等都要使用猫砂,在宠物用品生产制造业中占有举足轻重的地位。 [0002] cat litter in a foreign country is a very large consumption of pet supplies, pet cats are the vast majority of commonly used household essential goods, in addition have to use cat litter in pet shops, pet cat breeding grounds, etc., in pets supplies manufacturing production occupies a pivotal position.

[0003] 猫文化中最为重要的进步就是猫砂的使用,早期的猫砂主要是以不凝结的猫砂为主,大家主是为了收纳猫便,但是随着猫砂技术的不断进步,人们不仅限于收纳这样简单,所以又不断的出现了现在的凝结砂,木砂,和水晶砂、膨润土砂等等。 [0003] cat culture in the most important advance is the use of cat litter, cat litter early mainly non-condensing based cat litter, everyone is master in order to accommodate the cat would, but with advances in technology cat litter, people not limited to storage so simple, so they keep coming up now condensed sand, sand wood, and crystal sand, bentonite, sand and so on.

[0004] 一般猫砂是使用纸浆打成小颗粒状来模拟沙土并提供吸水性,也有使用硅胶等物理干燥剂的颗粒的。 [0004] Usually the litter is used to simulate the pulp into small granular sand and provides a water-absorbent, but also particles such as silica gel using a physical desiccant. 一般会添加除臭剂/防腐剂等化学产品,猫砂遇到水会凝结成块,虽然说便于清理但建议搭配用专门的漏铲,大部分猫砂猫踩上后会沾到脚上并带到其它地方,因此请注意经常清理。 Typically a deodorant / preservatives and other chemical products, cat litter encounter water will condense into blocks, although it is recommended to facilitate the clean-up match with a dedicated drain spade, after stepping on a cat litter will most stains and feet taken to other places, so please pay attention to regular cleaning.

[0005] 使用时,将猫砂倒入猫砂盆(一种装猫砂的容器,属宠物用品),辅7〜1cm厚,就可以给猫用了,清洁猫砂盆时,用猫砂铲(专用工具,属宠物用品)将那些凝固了的块状物从猫砂中铲出,丢入垃圾桶,就达到清除猫的粪便和尿液的目的,而猫砂盆里剩余的猫砂,仍是干净的,可继续使用,当用量减少后,可继续添加新的猫砂补充。 When [0005] In use, the litter was poured into a litter (s litter container means, genus pet products), the secondary 7~1cm thick, you can give the cat, cleaning litter box, the litter with shovel (special tools, pet supplies belong to) those solidified mass from the litter shovel out, trash, will achieve the purpose of clearing cat feces and urine, cat litter and litter the rest of the basin still clean, can continue to use, when to reduce the amount of litter can continue to add new supplement.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 一种腐熟粪便型猫砂,其特征在于,由以下重量份的原料制成:微生物菌剂2~3、β -环糊精4~5、菜籽油渣10~15、荷叶6~10、粘土40~50、米糠25~30、石膏粉15~20、粘结剂4-5及适量的水; [0006] A type of cat litter manure composting, characterized in that the parts made from the following materials by weight: microbial agents 2 ~ 3, β - cyclodextrin 4-5, rapeseed oil residue 10 to 15, the leaves 6 ~ 10, 40 ~ 50 clay, rice bran 25 to 30, 15 to 20 gypsum powder, a binder and an appropriate amount of water 4-5;

所述粘结剂由以下重量份的原料制成:梓檬酸3~5、三聚氰胺甲醛树脂5~7、白云石粉10~15、乙酸乙酯3~5、硅酸钾2~3、α -烯基磺酸钠4~6、甲基硅油4~5、活性炭3~5和水45 ;制备方法是:混合乙酸乙酯、甲基硅油及α -烯基磺酸钠加入至水中,加热至60~70°C搅拌发散20~30min成乳剂,然后依次兑入柠檬酸、三聚氰胺甲醛树脂、硅酸钾、活性炭及白云石粉,加热至80°C左右再搅拌成匀浆即得,保温备用。 The binder is prepared from the following raw materials by weight: 3-5 Zi citric acid, melamine formaldehyde resin 5 to 7, 10 to 15, dolomite, 3 ~ 5 ethyl acetate, potassium silicate 2 ~ 3, α - olefin sulfonate 4-6, 4-5 simethicone, activated charcoal and water 45 3-5; preparation method: mix ethyl acetate, methyl silicone oil, and α - olefin sulfonate was added to the water, heated to 60 ~ 70 ° C was stirred for 20 ~ 30min diverging as an emulsion, then blended with citric acid sequence, melamine formaldehyde resins, potassium silicate, dolomite powder and activated carbon, heated to about 80 ° C and then stirred to obtain homogenized, incubated standby.

[0007] 一种腐熟粪便型猫砂的制备方法,其特征在于,包括以下几个步骤: [0007] A method for producing a type of cat litter manure composting, characterized in that it comprises the following steps:

(1)将菜籽油渣和荷叶混合,加4~5倍的水煎煮至沸,然后球磨20~30min并搅拌成匀浆状,离心后分上层清液及沉淀; (1) mixing the lotus leaf and canola oil residue, add 4 to 5 times in boiling water to cook boil, then milled and stirred into 20 ~ 30min homogenized form, and the supernatant after centrifugation the precipitate;

(2)将上层清液加热浓缩后加入微生物菌剂及β -环糊精,于超声清洗机中,功率250W,温度36°C左右条件下包埋30~50min,得均匀的乳剂; (2) The supernatant was added to microbial agents and β heated Concentration - cyclodextrin, the ultrasonic cleaning machine, power 250W, at a temperature of about 36 ° C embedding conditions 30 ~ 50min, to obtain a homogeneous emulsion;

(3)将(2)的乳剂混合(I)所得沉淀、石膏粉、米糠、粘土、粘结剂及其它剩余成分,加适量水搅拌成糊,造粒机造粒,制成粒径4~6mm的猫砂; (4)将(3)的猫砂于鼓风机中股热风烘干,将未成形的残渣滤除即可。 (3) (2) mixing the emulsion (I) resulting precipitate gypsum powder, rice bran, clay, binders and other remaining ingredients, add water and stir into a paste, granulated with a granulator, having diameters of 4 ~ 6mm litter; (4) (3) in the blower litter femoral hot air drying, the residue was filtered to unformed.

[0008] 本发明的有益效果:本发明利用β -环糊精的包埋技术包埋能发酵粪便的微生物菌种,再混合粘土等基础物质制成一种具有吸附宠物粪便后,同时具体有降解粪便的功能,意味着你不用及时清除粪便,极有效的防止异味散发,保护空气质量,腐熟的粪便同时可用于肥料基肥使用,具体是煎煮菜籽油的废渣和荷叶,得到残留的菜籽油及荷叶香味的芳香月旨,精炼后通过超声波作用与β -环糊精及菌体形成包埋,以一个整体发挥作用,同时废渣残留的香气还有改善空气质量的作用,效果显著。 [0008] Advantageous Effects of Invention: The present invention makes use of β - cyclodextrin embedding embedding technique microbial strains capable of fermenting manure, clay was mixed to prepare a base substance having adsorption pet waste, particularly while there is degradation of manure feature means you do not timely removal of manure, very effectively prevent odor distribution, protection of air quality, while the maturity of the manure can be used for basal fertilizer use, in particular rapeseed oil sludge and lotus leaf decoction, to give the residue of rapeseed oil and aromatic fragrance lotus purpose month, and after refined by ultrasonic β - cyclodextrin is formed and embedded cells, play a role in a whole, while also aroma residual waste air quality improving effect, effect significantly.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0009] 实施例1: [0009] Example 1:

一种腐熟粪便型猫砂,其特征在于,由以下重量份的原料制成:微生物菌剂2、β-环糊精5、菜籽油澄15、荷叶8、粘土50、米糠25、石膏粉15、粘结剂4及适量的水; One kind of type litter manure composting, characterized in that the parts made of the following materials by weight: microbial agents 2, β- cyclodextrin 5, rapeseed oil 15 Cheng, the leaves 8, 50 clay, 25 rice bran, gypsum powder 15, the binder 4 and the appropriate amount of water;

所述粘结剂由以下重量份的原料制成:柠檬酸3、三聚氰胺甲醛树脂7、白云石粉12、乙酸乙酯3、硅酸钾2、α -烯基磺酸钠4、甲基硅油4、活性炭5和水45 ;制备方法是:混合乙酸乙酯、甲基硅油及α -烯基磺酸钠加入至水中,加热至60~70°C搅拌发散20~30min成乳剂,然后依次兑入柠檬酸、三聚氰胺甲醛树脂、硅酸钾、活性炭及白云石粉,加热至80°C左右再搅拌成匀浆即得,保温备用。 The binder is prepared from the following raw materials by weight: 3 citric acid, melamine formaldehyde resin 7, dolomite powder 12, ethyl 3, potassium silicate 2, α - olefin sulfonate 4, simethicone 4 , activated carbon 5 and 45 water; preparation method: mix ethyl acetate, methyl silicone oil, and α - olefin sulfonate was added to the water, heated to 60 ~ 70 ° C was stirred for 20 ~ 30min diverging as an emulsion, followed blended citric acid, melamine formaldehyde resins, potassium silicate, dolomite powder and activated carbon, heated to about 80 ° C and then stirred to obtain homogenized, incubated standby.

[0010] 一种腐熟粪便型猫砂的制备方法,其特征在于,包括以下几个步骤: [0010] The method for producing a type of cat litter manure composting, characterized in that it comprises the following steps:

(1)将菜籽油渣和荷叶混合,加4~5倍的水煎煮至沸,然后球磨20~30min并搅拌成匀浆状,离心后分上层清液及沉淀; (1) mixing the lotus leaf and canola oil residue, add 4 to 5 times in boiling water to cook boil, then milled and stirred into 20 ~ 30min homogenized form, and the supernatant after centrifugation the precipitate;

(2)将上层清液加热浓缩后加入微生物菌剂及β -环糊精,于超声清洗机中,功率250W,温度36°C左右条件下包埋30~50min,得均匀的乳剂; (2) The supernatant was added to microbial agents and β heated Concentration - cyclodextrin, the ultrasonic cleaning machine, power 250W, at a temperature of about 36 ° C embedding conditions 30 ~ 50min, to obtain a homogeneous emulsion;

(3)将(2)的乳剂混合(I)所得沉淀、石膏粉、米糠、粘土、粘结剂及其它剩余成分,加适量水搅拌成糊,造粒机造粒,制成粒径4~6mm的猫砂; (3) (2) mixing the emulsion (I) resulting precipitate gypsum powder, rice bran, clay, binders and other remaining ingredients, add water and stir into a paste, granulated with a granulator, having diameters of 4 ~ 6mm litter;

(4)将(3)的猫砂于鼓风机中股热风烘干,将未成形的残渣滤除即可。 (4) (3) in the blower litter femoral hot air drying, the residue was filtered to unformed.

[0011] 将本发明的腐熟粪便型猫砂与市场上卖的普通猫砂对比使用效果,取一定量的新鲜猫粪便及猫尿液作用普通猫砂,其吸附尿液的时间为55S左右,其使粪便脱水硬化的时间为400s左右,而同样的尿液及粪便作用本发明的腐熟粪便型猫砂,其吸附尿液的时间大约只有30~40s,使粪便脱水硬化的时间大约只有300s,重点在于其能够缓解环境压力,原料易得,材料成本不高,同时其增强废物利用的能力及其对未来可持续发展做出的贡献无法估量。 [0011] The decomposition-type feces and litter of the present invention is sold on the market normal litter comparison results, a certain amount of cat urine and feces Fresh cat litter ordinary action, urine adsorption time is about 55S, dehydrating the stool which hardening time is about 400S, the decomposition-type feces and urine of the same litter effects of the present invention is feces, urine adsorption time of only about 30 ~ 40s, the stool dehydration curing time only about 300S, with emphasis on its ability to relieve pressure on the environment, raw materials, material cost is not high, while enhancing its ability to use waste to make their contribution to the future sustainable development incalculable.

Claims (2)

  1. 1.一种腐熟粪便型猫砂,其特征在于,由以下重量份的原料制成:微生物菌剂2~3、0 -环糊精4~5、菜籽油渣10~15、荷叶6~10、粘土40~50、米糠25~30、石膏粉15~20、粘结剂4-5及适量的水; 所述粘结剂由以下重量份的原料制成:梓檬酸3~5、三聚氰胺甲醛树脂5~7、白云石粉10~15、乙酸乙酯3~5、硅酸钾2~3、0 -烯基磺酸钠4~6、甲基硅油4~5、活性炭3~5和水45 ;制备方法是:混合乙酸乙酯、甲基硅油及3 -烯基磺酸钠加入至水中,加热至60~701搅拌发散2(^3001=成乳剂,然后依次兑入柠檬酸、三聚氰胺甲醛树脂、硅酸钾、活性炭及白云石粉,加热至801:左右再搅拌成匀浆即得,保温备用。 A type of cat litter manure composting, characterized in that the parts made of the following materials by weight: 2 to microbial agents 3,0 - cyclodextrin 4-5, rapeseed oil residue 10 to 15, the leaves 6 ~ 10, 40 ~ 50 clay, rice bran 25 to 30, 15 to 20 gypsum powder, a binder and an appropriate amount of water 4-5; the parts by weight of a binder prepared from the following ingredients: citric acid Zi 3-5 , melamine formaldehyde resins 5 to 7, 10 to 15, dolomite, 3 ~ 5 ethyl acetate, potassium silicate 2 ~ 3,0 - olefin sulfonate 4-6, 4-5 simethicone, activated charcoal 3-5 and 45 water; preparation method: ethyl acetate mixture, silicone oil, and methyl 3 - olefin sulfonate was added to water and heated with stirring to 60 to 701 diverging 2 (^ = 3001 as an emulsion, then blended with citric acid sequence, melamine formaldehyde resins, potassium silicate, dolomite powder and activated carbon, heated to 801: left stirring into a homogenized to obtain insulation standby.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述一种腐熟粪便型猫砂的制备方法,其特征在于,包括以下几个步骤: (1)将菜籽油渣和荷叶混合,加4~5倍的水煎煮至沸,然后球磨20~30111111并搅拌成匀浆状,离心后分上层清液及沉淀; (2)将上层清液加热浓缩后加入微生物菌剂及0 -环糊精,于超声清洗机中,功率.2501,温度361:左右条件下包埋30~50111111,得均匀的乳剂; (3)将(2)的乳剂混合(1)所得沉淀、石膏粉、米糠、粘土、粘结剂及其它剩余成分,加适量水搅拌成糊,造粒机造粒,制成粒径4~6皿的猫砂; (4)将(3)的猫砂于鼓风机中股热风烘干,将未成形的残渣滤除即可。 2. The method of claim 1 for preparing a stool decomposition type litter according to claim, characterized in that it comprises the following steps: (1) mixing the lotus leaf and canola oil residue, add 4 to 5 times decoction cook until boiling and then milled 30111111 ~ 20 and stirred into shape homogenized, and the supernatant after centrifugation the precipitate; (2) Add the heated supernatant was concentrated microbial agents and 0 - cyclodextrin, in the ultrasonic cleaning machine , the power .2501, 361 temperature: under conditions of about 30 to 50,111,111 embedded, a uniform emulsion; (3) (2) mixing the emulsion (1) and the resulting precipitate gypsum powder, rice bran, clay, binders and other remaining ingredients, add water and stir into a paste, granulated with a granulator, litters made dish diameter of 4 to 6; (4) (3) drying the litter in a hot-air blower stocks, unformed the residue can be filtered out.
CN 201410711569 2014-12-01 2014-12-01 Cat litter for thoroughly decomposing feces and preparing method thereof CN104429988A (en)

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US4727824A (en) * 1986-09-22 1988-03-01 Personal Pet Products Partnership Absorbent composition, method of making and using same
US4844010A (en) * 1987-10-02 1989-07-04 Personal Pet Products Partnershhip Absorbent composition, method of making and using same
US5154594A (en) * 1990-09-10 1992-10-13 Gamlen Meredith L Animal litter and method for making an animal litter
EP0970603A1 (en) * 1998-07-08 2000-01-12 Bio Stim Litter and drying agents for litter comprising water retaining agents
CN1693198A (en) * 2005-05-19 2005-11-09 许盛英 Method for producing agglomerate type cat sand
CN102150627A (en) * 2011-01-26 2011-08-17 青岛弗兰克精细化工有限公司 Cat litter and making method thereof
CN102215672A (en) * 2008-11-17 2011-10-12 雀巢产品技术援助有限公司 Animal litters
CN103141396A (en) * 2013-01-31 2013-06-12 朱群 Cat litter for pets and preparation method of cat litter
WO2014067012A1 (en) * 2012-11-05 2014-05-08 Absorbent Products Ltd. Ammonia reducing agent for animal beddings and litters

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4727824A (en) * 1986-09-22 1988-03-01 Personal Pet Products Partnership Absorbent composition, method of making and using same
US4844010A (en) * 1987-10-02 1989-07-04 Personal Pet Products Partnershhip Absorbent composition, method of making and using same
US5154594A (en) * 1990-09-10 1992-10-13 Gamlen Meredith L Animal litter and method for making an animal litter
EP0970603A1 (en) * 1998-07-08 2000-01-12 Bio Stim Litter and drying agents for litter comprising water retaining agents
CN1693198A (en) * 2005-05-19 2005-11-09 许盛英 Method for producing agglomerate type cat sand
CN102215672A (en) * 2008-11-17 2011-10-12 雀巢产品技术援助有限公司 Animal litters
CN102150627A (en) * 2011-01-26 2011-08-17 青岛弗兰克精细化工有限公司 Cat litter and making method thereof
WO2014067012A1 (en) * 2012-11-05 2014-05-08 Absorbent Products Ltd. Ammonia reducing agent for animal beddings and litters
CN103141396A (en) * 2013-01-31 2013-06-12 朱群 Cat litter for pets and preparation method of cat litter

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