CN104429882B - A kind of pre-nursery algae culturing assembly - Google Patents

A kind of pre-nursery algae culturing assembly Download PDF

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CN104429882B
CN104429882B CN201410205631.7A CN201410205631A CN104429882B CN 104429882 B CN104429882 B CN 104429882B CN 201410205631 A CN201410205631 A CN 201410205631A CN 104429882 B CN104429882 B CN 104429882B
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brick
algae
whole frame
center pillar
sea
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CN104429882A (en
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俞存根
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of pre-nursery algae culturing assembly, it is desirable to provide a kind of concentration that can effectively carry out Sargassum seedling is thrown in, and protected effect is good, and seaweed growth environment is reasonable, and the cultivation assembly can effectively protected Sargassum when high sea is attacked and preserve.It includes whole frame, sea buoyancy aid, reclaims cable, if whole frame is provided with hacking groove, algae brick it is provided with in brick groove, algae brick is provided with fragment of brick drag-line, whole frame is provided with main center pillar, main center pillar is connected to sea buoyancy aid, main center pillar is provided with some tension bodies, fragment of brick drag-line is connected in all tension bodies, fragment of brick drag-line is in tension, every fragment of brick drag-line all has one section to be wound on the tension body self connected, and tension body is a rotating cylinder being set on main center pillar, and tension body is fixed on main center pillar by fixture.The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the initial stage protection of seedling can be realized;The loss that Sargassum is destroyed can be reduced when high sea is attacked;Sargassum gather and whole frame reuse more convenient.

Description

A kind of pre-nursery algae culturing assembly
Technical field
The invention belongs to marine algae seedling spatfall and proliferation field, particularly relate to a kind of pre-nursery Sargassum and support Grow assembly.
Background technology
Sea jungle is the important component part of marine ecosystems, and tangleweed is that the sea jungle supported has The highest primary productivity, the Sargassum after simultaneously growing up to forms complicated animals and plants food web can enrichment of N, P Etc. eutrophication salt, restrain " red tide " outburst, absorb heavy metal ion, protect the marine environment.Sargassum The economic worth that field is created is very big, and Sargassum itself has industry, edible, medical value, and sea jungle more provides Fish forages, the place kept away enemy, lay eggs.At present in China, the algae such as Alga Sgrgassi Enerves is littoral sea jungle Main support plant.But, along with the impact of the objective factors such as Global climate change, the number of sea jungle Mesh reduces, and seaweed bio multiformity is also declining simultaneously.In the world, at present with regard to sea jungle reparation More existing achievements, main counter-measure is set up nature reserve area, is reduced the destruction of human activity;Enter The research of pedestrian's work reproductive biology and related work, such as room heat source and seed intermediate rearing etc.. Seed intermediate rearing has indoor culture, encloses pool cultivation and the cultivation of sea area raft formula.Nursery adherance have the rectangular slab of stone, Concha Ostreae, cement sheet, strap curtain, vinylon rope curtain, bamboo and wood sheet etc., wherein stone, cement sheet Attachment fastness is best.During artificial breeding, many collection maturations are planted algae and are carried out Spawning, conjunction in laboratory Son is sprouted, and is attached on adhesive substrate, grows seedling.But, on the adherance such as shell, rock, though So juvenile sporophyte, seedling attachment are good, but by input breed in the seawater and be not easy to.If taking Nylon rope makes Seedling curtain in modes such as sea keep hanging, seedling in being vulnerable to sea jungle various Fish edible and Destroying, Seedling strain is it is difficult to ensure that the robust growth at initial stage is even seriously damaged, thus is easily caused breeding slowly And breeding potential is low;Substantial amounts of Sargassum dispersive breeeding, protective measure is difficult to put in place, manages and observes monitoring It is inconvenient for;Furthermore, although artificial or semi-artificial sea jungle is typically chosen at coastal waters, and the depth of water is not deep, Being typically about tens meters of extremely over one hundred rice, environment is the most complicated and changeable not as middle sea, deep-sea, stormy waves at ordinary times Less, destructive power is limited, but, still inevitable occasional is affected by tempest, high sea, Sargassum in algae field is caused destruction greatly.
Summary of the invention
When the present invention is to overcome prior art to breed Sargassum in sea jungle, to Sargassum seedling and Sargassum Initial stage protection deficiency cause Sargassum breeding potential low;Breeding intensity is not good enough, is not easy to monitoring management; And ability during antagonism high sea, it is impossible to effectively protect the problems such as Sargassum, it is provided that one can be effective The concentration carrying out Sargassum seedling is thrown in, and protected effect is good, can concentrate breeding, and seaweed growth environment is reasonable, And cultivation assembly Sargassum effectively can protected and preserve when high sea is attacked.
To achieve these goals, the present invention is by the following technical solutions:
A kind of pre-nursery algae culturing assembly, including whole frame, sea buoyancy aid, reclaims cable, described whole frame Having a main opening upward, if described whole frame is provided with hacking groove, described brick groove notch is towards whole Outside frame, being provided with the algae brick being attached with Sargassum seedling in described brick groove, described brick groove bottom land is provided with children Seedling accommodating hole, the inner surface of the through whole frame of described seedling accommodating hole and brick groove bottom land, the seedling on algae brick Being attached to algae brick towards on the surface within whole frame, described algae brick is provided with fragment of brick drag-line, and described is whole Frame is provided with a upper end and stretches out the main center pillar outside whole frame main opening, and described main center pillar upper end is connected to sea Buoyancy aid, described recovery cable one end is fixing by the sea, the other end is connected on main center pillar, and described returns Take-up is in relaxed state, and described main center pillar is provided with some tension bodies, and described fragment of brick drag-line connects To all tension bodies one, described fragment of brick drag-line is in tension, and every fragment of brick drag-line all has One section is wound on the tension body self connected, described tension body be one be set on main center pillar, The rotating cylinder can being rotationally connected with main center pillar, described tension body is fixed on main center pillar by fixture, institute The rotating cylinder stated is stacked successively, and the spacing neck on the main center pillar of end in contact under the rotating cylinder that position is minimum, described is whole Frame is arranged over protecting outer net, the lower end of described protection outer net to have some outward extending drooping sections, Each drooping section correspondence passes a shackle being on whole frame, and described drooping section end is provided with width Degree is more than the limit body of shackle, and described protection outer net upper end is fastened in the lower annular groove on main center pillar, institute The position upper annular groove higher than lower annular groove it is additionally provided with on the main center pillar stated.Sea buoyancy aid is by the buoyancy being subject to It is floating that sea buoyancy aid provides pulling force for whole frame, makes whole frame also can keep not sinking across the sea, Thus the concentration drop spaces of algae brick is provided.Algae brick is after having cultivated Sargassum seedling, and Sargassum seedling is attached On algae brick, within algae brick is in brick groove, fixed by fragment of brick cable pull.Sargassum seedling towards Within whole frame, so at the initial stage of growth of seedling, within Sargassum is all in whole frame internal range, only having There is a main opening upwards of whole frame itself, and on this main opening, protection outer net and substantial amounts of brick Block drag-line defines net battle array in irregular shape, can effectively stop in some volumes, big fish enter whole Frame, and protection outer net can protect fragment of brick drag-line to be unlikely to by some big fishes to bite broken, therefore seedling is except quilt Collection China and foreign countries, are also obtained effective protection, and Fish are difficult to eat these seedling in a large number, and seedling due to Concentrate and throw in, also can the most monitored growth conditions.And by observing, find when growth of seedling one Regularly after section, Sargassum starts to be full of inside whole frame, now can unload fixture, owing to winding on rotating cylinder Fragment of brick drag-line, and fragment of brick drag-line is in tension, therefore rotating cylinder can be hauled rotation, and discharges brick Block drag-line, fragment of brick drag-line stretches, elongation, and algae brick is with connecting the part sea being grown in self brick body Algae departs from brick groove, is released to the position apart from whole frame certain length, and now, Sargassum is obtained with more Good growing space and environment, and now grown into a certain degree due to Sargassum, opposing Fish and The ability that sea washes destroys is not the most that seedling is the most small and weak for period, therefore the yield of Sargassum and follow-up Multiplication capacity can be protected.Furthermore, when Sargassum grows up to a certain extent, outer net can will be protected Fastening in annular groove, protection outer net is pulled up thus, and protection outer net lower end is no longer in whole frame Carry out primary protection with spacing, it is provided that bigger seaweed growth space, outside the protection being simultaneously raised Net can be reused in the future.
As preferably, described algae brick is hexa-prism or square block.
As preferably, also include some built-in ropes, described algae brick be provided with at least one run through self two The fragment of brick endoporus of individual sidewall, any one built-in rope is through at least five fragment of brick endoporus, the two ends of built-in rope It is connected on two pieces of algae bricks in all algae bricks self passed.After fragment of brick drag-line discharges, algae Brick leaves brick groove, and in expansion trend, relatedness reduces each other, is independent individual.The most built-in Multiple algae bricks can be linked together by rope, improves connectivity, prevents single algae brick over-deflection, make whole Body structure more equalizes, and maintains a seaweed growth space good, rational and layout.And, work as brick After block zip all discharges, the built-in rope of each bar is crisscross, is equivalent to define similar netted structure, In addition to can improving the stability of each algae brick, it is also possible to continue to play the effect of catch net, allow algae exist Growth course afterwards is protected.
As preferably, the degree of depth of described brick groove is between 1st/to two/3rds of algae brick thickness. If brick groove depth is excessive, algae brick is not easily disconnected from whole frame when necessary, if too small, then algae brick location is more difficult, Therefore need rationally to select, be typically designed as the degree of depth of brick groove at 1st/1 to two/3rds of algae brick thickness Between.
As preferably, described main center pillar is provided with at least two balance drag-lines, and every balance drag-line connects One floating auxiliary ball float across the sea.Although being only not enough to hold whole frame with auxiliary ball float, but can be in order to There is provided a part of buoyancy with auxiliary ball float, make whole frame tension support more than one point, but multiple spot Hold whole frame simultaneously, make whole frame in the seawater can more stability, for Sargassum provide preferably growth and Protection environment.
As preferably, described sea buoyancy aid includes a charging portion, is provided with one and prevents in described sea buoyancy aid Billow structure, described anti-billow structure includes the built-in pipe of a lower end closed, under described built-in pipe is interior Portion is provided with the push pedal spring that the lower blind end with built-in pipe is connected, and described push pedal spring upper end is provided with interior Put and sealed to each other between pipe inner tubal wall promote mainly plate, described main center pillar through the lower blind end of built-in pipe, Described sea buoyancy aid is the bottom promoting mainly plate with the junction of main center pillar, is provided with in described built-in pipe Closure, described built-in pipe top is provided with the interior QI KOU connected with charging portion, and described interior QI KOU is passed through Interior feed channel in upper containment portion is connected to outer QI KOU, and described outer QI KOU is provided with check valve, described It is two sections of independent tubes being not communicated with that interior feed channel is cut off by a spool, and described spool is provided with one can be by The core road that two independent tubes are connected, described position, core road is less than independent tubes, described spool upper end It is connected on built-in pipe by lanyard, is slidably connected between described spool and upper containment portion, described valve Between core sidewall and upper containment portion sealed to each other.When having high sea to attack once in a while, the present invention is as well as wind Wave big rise and big fall.When rising along with big wave, sea buoyancy aid rises with whole frame the most simultaneously, along with sea Wave and due to gravity declines time, sea buoyancy aid is due to relatively light, and decrease speed is fast, and whole frame is due to inertia greatly, Decrease speed is slow, and the most whole frame and the relatively close distance of sea buoyancy aid are relatively big, and main center pillar overcomes push pedal spring Pulling force, promote and promote mainly on plate shifting relatively large distance, and will push away on spool, spool Shang Xin road is by interior trachea Connecting, the gas in the buoyancy aid of sea starts to discharge from check valve, and buoyancy starts to reduce, when whole frame and Sea buoyancy aid when again rising interior trachea disconnect again, the gas quilt after the most several times, in the buoyancy aid of sea Discharge is more, and its buoyancy provided has been not enough to hold whole frame, and whole frame starts the segment distance that sinks, Being tightened up until reclaiming cable, or it is the longest to reclaim cable length, whole frame directly sinks to the seabed of sea jungle.? On sea, stormy waves maximum is typically all sea or distance sea more nearby, and along sea downwards, more Deep position stormy waves is the least, the most whole frame after sinking, about by high sea affected the least, Therefore the Sargassum being grown on its periphery algae brick is also unlikely to the too much destruction by high sea, can obtain Good preservation, it is achieved oneself during reply high sea hides, self-protection.After high sea is gone over, Can be pulled by recovery and retract whole frame, and update a sea buoyancy aid, it is possible to continue to allow Sargassum carry out good Good growth and propagation.
As preferably, described built-in pipe is arranged over receiving core groove, and described spool is provided with can be with receipts core The core dop of groove correspondence engaging, described core dop is in outside receipts core groove and towards receiving core groove.Core dop can To snap in receipts core groove, spool is made to position, so that interior trachea is always on, Rapid degassing, allow whole frame to the greatest extent Fast sinking carries out hiding of high sea.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the concentration that can carry out Sargassum seedling is thrown in, convenient monitoring and observation; By algae brick, brick groove and the cooperation of whole frame, it is achieved the initial stage protection of seedling, improve survival rate, it is ensured that it After cultivation effect;There is automatic anti-billow structure, whole frame can be allowed when high sea is attacked with sea Algae sinks automatically, carries out hiding of high sea, reduces the loss that Sargassum is destroyed, plays Sargassum well Protection;Whole frame is connected to seashore by reclaiming cable, will not blow out along with sea water, controls degree Well, reclaim cable is also Sargassum and the structure of whole frame recovery simultaneously, is beneficial to grow up to gathering and whole of Sargassum Reusing of frame.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is to strain the partial enlarged drawing at body on the main center pillar of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation at the whole frame of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram after part algae brick of the present invention leaves whole frame;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation that the present invention strains at body;
Fig. 6 is the upper annular groove on the main center pillar of the present invention and the partial enlarged drawing at lower annular groove;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of sea buoyancy aid in the embodiment of the present invention 2;
Fig. 8 is the partial enlarged drawing of sea buoyancy aid in the embodiment of the present invention 2.
In figure: whole frame 1, brick groove 11, algae brick 12, seedling accommodating hole 13, fragment of brick drag-line 14, shackle 15, Sea buoyancy aid 2, charging portion 21, interior QI KOU 211, built-in pipe 22, push pedal spring 23, promote mainly plate 231, Check valve 24, interior feed channel 25, spool 26, core road 261, lanyard 27, receipts core groove 28, core dop 29, reclaim cable 3, main center pillar 4, tension body 41, spacing neck 42, balance drag-line 43, lower annular groove 44, Upper annular groove 45, built-in rope 5, auxiliary ball float 6, protection outer net 7, drooping section 71, limit body 711.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention will be further described with detailed description of the invention below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment 1: as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, the one pre-nursery algae culturing shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 5, Fig. 6 Assembly, including whole frame 1, sea buoyancy aid 2, reclaims cable 3, and described whole frame 1 has a master upward and opens Mouthful, if described whole frame 1 is provided with hacking groove 11, described brick groove 11 notch is outside towards whole frame 1, Being provided with the algae brick 12 being attached with Sargassum seedling in described brick groove 11, described brick groove 11 bottom land is provided with children Seedling accommodating hole 13, the inner surface of the through whole frame 1 of described seedling accommodating hole 13 and brick groove 11 bottom land, algae Seedling on brick 12 is attached to algae brick 12 towards on the surface within whole frame 1, and described algae brick 12 sets There are fragment of brick drag-line 14, described whole frame 1 to be provided with a upper end and stretch out the main center pillar 4 outside whole frame 1 main opening, Described main center pillar 4 upper end is connected to sea buoyancy aid 2, described recovery cable 3 one end is fixing by the sea, The other end is connected on main center pillar 4, and described recovery cable 3 is in relaxed state, described main center pillar 4 Being provided with some tension bodies 41, described fragment of brick drag-line 14 is connected in all tension bodies 41, Described fragment of brick drag-line 14 is in tension, and every fragment of brick drag-line 14 all has one section to be wound on self institute On the tension body 41 connected, described tension body 41 be one be set on main center pillar 4, can with in master The rotating cylinder that post 4 is rotationally connected, described tension body 41 is fixed on main center pillar 4 by fixture, described Rotating cylinder be stacked successively, under the rotating cylinder that position is minimum, the spacing neck 42 on the main center pillar of end in contact 4, described Whole frame 1 is arranged over protecting outer net 7, and the lower end of described protection outer net 7 has some outward extending Drooping section 71, each drooping section 71 is corresponding through a shackle 15 being on whole frame 1, described Drooping section 71 end be provided with width more than the limit body 711 of shackle 15, on described protection outer net 7 End is fastened in the lower annular groove 44 on main center pillar, described main center pillar is additionally provided with a position higher than lower annular groove The upper annular groove 45 of 44.Described algae brick 12 is hexa-prism or square block.Also include some built-in ropes 5, Described algae brick 12 is provided with at least one fragment of brick endoporus running through self two sidewall, and any one built-in Rope 5 is through at least five fragment of brick endoporus, and it is all that the two ends of built-in rope 5 are connected to self to be passed On two pieces of algae bricks 12 in algae brick 12.The degree of depth of described brick groove 11 algae brick 12 thickness three/ Between 1/1 to two.Described main center pillar 4 is provided with at least two balance drag-lines 43, every balance Drag-line 43 connects a floating auxiliary ball float 6 across the sea.
The principle of sea buoyancy aid 2, as the inflation ball float in life, can within it be filled with a large amount of compression Gas, it is possible to obtain bigger buoyancy, the most all the more so in water.Sea buoyancy aid 2 is by being subject to Buoyancy is floating across the sea, and sea buoyancy aid 2 provides pulling force for whole frame 1, makes whole frame 1 also can be maintained at sea water In do not sink, thus provide the concentration drop spaces of algae brick 12.Algae brick 12 is cultivating Sargassum seedling After, Sargassum seedling is attached on algae brick 12, within algae brick 12 is in brick groove 11, by fragment of brick drag-line 14 are strained and fixed.Sargassum seedling is towards within whole frame 1, so at the initial stage of growth of seedling, Sargassum is complete Within portion is in whole frame 1 internal range, only there is a main opening upwards of whole frame 1 itself, and On this main opening, protection outer net 7 and substantial amounts of fragment of brick drag-line 14 define net battle array in irregular shape, Can effectively stop in some volumes, big fish enters whole frame 1, and protection outer net 7 can protect fragment of brick Drag-line 14 is unlikely to be bitten broken by some big fishes, in addition to therefore seedling is in being collected, is also obtained effective anti- Protecting, Fish are difficult to eat these seedling in a large number, and seedling due to concentrate throw in, also can very easily by Monitoring growth conditions.And by observing, find when after growth of seedling certain period, Sargassum starts to be full of whole Frame 1 is internal, now can unload fixture, and owing to wrapped around fragment of brick drag-line 14 on rotating cylinder, and fragment of brick draws Rope 14 is in tension, and therefore rotating cylinder can be hauled rotation, discharges fragment of brick drag-line 14.Certainly, exist In this design, the coiling direction of the fragment of brick drag-line 14 being connected on same rotating cylinder is the most consistent, It is all clockwise or counter-clockwise, the most just loses the meaning of winding fragment of brick drag-line 14.Fragment of brick drag-line 14 after stretching, extending, and algae brick 12 departs from connecting a part of Sargassum being grown in self brick body Brick groove 11, is released to the position apart from whole frame 1 certain length, now, the part being released out Sargassum is obtained with more preferable growing space and environment, and now Sargassum owing to separating has given birth to Having grown to a certain degree, the ability that opposing Fish and sea washes destroy is not the most that seedling is the most weak for period Little, therefore yield and the follow-up multiplication capacity of Sargassum can be protected.And in said process, fragment of brick The release of drag-line 14, can pass through at times, carry out in batches.When insufficient space in whole frame, permissible First the fixture on a rotating cylinder is unloaded, allow a part of algae brick 12 separate, as shown in Figure 4, so After continue to allow it breed one end time, to be seen not enough again to space in whole frame time, continue to discharge other turn Fixture on cylinder, after repeatedly carrying out according to this step, until all algae bricks 12 are all discharged by separation.On State the fixture in content, can be the fixing interface unit that bolt, static line, pin etc. are the most conventional, As long as rotating cylinder and main center pillar 4 can be fixed by it.Fragment of brick drag-line 14 after being released elongation, algae Brick 12 leaves brick groove 11, and in expansion trend, relatedness reduces each other, is independent individual.This Time built-in rope 5 multiple algae bricks 12 can be linked together, improve connectivity, prevent single algae brick 12 Over-deflection, makes overall structure more equalize, and maintains a seaweed growth space good, rational and cloth Office.And, after fragment of brick zip all discharges, each bar built-in rope 5 is crisscross, is equivalent to define Similar netted structure, in addition to can improving the stability of each algae brick 12, it is also possible to continue to play protection The effect of net, allows and continues reasonably to be protected in algae growth course later.
Embodiment 2: the basic structure of the present embodiment and embodiment are with embodiment 1, and its difference is, As shown in Figure 6, Figure 7: described sea buoyancy aid 2 includes a charging portion 21, described sea buoyancy aid 2 Inside being provided with an anti-billow structure, described anti-billow structure includes the built-in pipe 22 of a lower end closed, described Built-in pipe 22 in bottom be provided with the push pedal spring 23 that the lower blind end with built-in pipe 22 is connected, described Push pedal spring 23 upper end is provided with sealed to each other plate 231 of promoting mainly between built-in pipe 22 inner tubal wall, described Main center pillar 4 through the lower blind end of built-in pipe 22, the connection of described sea buoyancy aid 2 and main center pillar 4 Place is the bottom promoting mainly plate 231, is provided with upper containment portion, described built-in pipe in described built-in pipe 22 22 tops are provided with the interior QI KOU 211 connected with charging portion 21, and described interior QI KOU 211 passes through upper containment portion In interior feed channel 25 be connected to outer QI KOU, described outer QI KOU is provided with check valve 24, and described is interior It is two sections of independent tubes being not communicated with that feed channel 25 is cut off by a spool 26, and described spool 26 is provided with The one core road 261 two independent tubes can connected, described position, core road 261 is less than independent tubes, Described spool 26 upper end is connected on built-in pipe 22 by lanyard 27, described spool 26 and upper envelope It is slidably connected between closing part, sealed to each other between described spool 26 sidewall and upper containment portion.Described is interior Putting pipe 22 to be arranged over receiving core groove 28, described spool 26 is provided with can engaging corresponding with receiving core groove 28 Core dop 29, it is outer and towards receiving core groove 28 that described core dop 29 is in receipts core groove 28.
Artificial or semi-artificial sea jungle is typically chosen at coastal waters, and the depth of water is not deep, and typically about tens meters extremely Over one hundred rice, environment is the most complicated and changeable not as middle sea, deep-sea, and stormy waves is less at ordinary times, and destructive power is limited. But when having high sea to attack once in a while, the present invention rises and fall sharply and quickly as well as stormy waves.Along with big wave liter When rising, sea buoyancy aid rises with whole frame 1 the most simultaneously, along with big wave and due to gravity decline time, extra large Edema over the face body is due to relatively light, and decrease speed is fast, and whole frame 1 is big due to inertia, and decrease speed is slow, the most whole Frame 1 and the relatively close distance of sea buoyancy aid are relatively big, and main center pillar 4 promotes promotes mainly shifting relatively large distance on plate 231, And will push away on spool 26, core dop 29 snaps in receipts core groove 28, and spool 26 is fixed, on spool 26 Core road 261 interior trachea is connected, the gas in the buoyancy aid of sea starts to discharge from check valve 24, floating Power starts to reduce, until being not enough to hold whole frame 1, whole frame 1 sinks a segment distance, until reclaiming cable 3 Being tightened up, or it is the longest to reclaim cable 3 length, whole frame 1 directly sinks to the seabed of sea jungle.Across the sea, Stormy waves maximum is typically all sea or distance sea more nearby, and along sea downwards, the deepest position Stormy waves is the least, the most whole frame 1 after sinking, about by high sea affected the least, therefore The Sargassum being grown on its periphery algae brick 12 is also unlikely to the too much destruction by high sea, can obtain good Good preservation, it is achieved oneself during reply high sea hides, self-protection.After high sea is gone over, can Retract whole frame 1 to be pulled by recovery, and update a sea buoyancy aid 2, it is possible to continue to allow Sargassum carry out good Good growth and propagation.The realization of said process, sets up on the premise of stormy waves is very big, if being only The least wind moderate seas are attacked, and also can move up and down although promoting mainly plate 231, but wave provide make promote mainly plate 231 power relatively close with spool are not enough, promote mainly plate 231 and also have not enough time to contact, promote spool 26, The most under the pulling force effect of push pedal spring 23, move down reset, after reset, push pedal spring 23 Return to compressive state.And only the biggest when stormy waves, it is ensured that whole frame 1 and the speed of sea buoyancy aid 2 relative motion Spend on center pillar 4 sufficiently fast, main the power on top sufficiently large time, main center pillar 4 is to promoting mainly the upper top power of plate 231 Be enough to overcome the pulling force of push pedal spring 23, drive to promote mainly plate 231 and pushed up up by spool 26, it is achieved to sea The venting of edema over the face body 2.

Claims (7)

1. a pre-nursery algae culturing assembly, is characterized in that, including whole frame (1), sea buoyancy aid (2), reclaims Cable (3), described whole frame (1) has a main opening upward, and described whole frame (1) is if being provided with Hacking groove (11), described brick groove (11) notch is outside towards whole frame (1), described brick groove (11) Inside being provided with the algae brick (12) being attached with Sargassum seedling, described brick groove (11) bottom land is provided with seedling accommodating hole (13), the inner surface of the described through whole frame of seedling accommodating hole (13) (1) and brick groove (11) bottom land, Seedling on algae brick (12) is attached to algae brick (12) towards on the internal surface of whole frame (1), described Algae brick (12) is provided with fragment of brick drag-line (14), and described whole frame (1) is provided with a upper end and stretches out whole frame (1) the main center pillar (4) outside main opening, described main center pillar (4) upper end is connected to sea buoyancy aid (2), Described recovery cable (3) one end is fixing by the sea, the other end is connected on main center pillar (4), described Recovery cable (3) be in relaxed state, described main center pillar (4) is provided with some tension bodies (41), Described fragment of brick drag-line (14) is connected in all tension bodies (41), described fragment of brick drag-line (14) being in tension, every fragment of brick drag-line (14) all has one section to be wound on drawing of self being connected On tight body (41), described tension body (41) be one be set on main center pillar (4), can with in master The rotating cylinder that post (4) is rotationally connected, described tension body (41) is fixed on main center pillar (4) by fixture On, described rotating cylinder is stacked successively, the spacing neck on the main center pillar of end in contact (4) under the rotating cylinder that position is minimum (42), described whole frame (1) is arranged over protecting outer net (7), under described protection outer net (7) End has some outward extending drooping sections (71), and each drooping section (71) is corresponding to be in through one Shackle (15) on whole frame (1), described drooping section (71) end is provided with width more than shackle (15) Limit body (711), the lower annular groove (44) on main center pillar is fastened in described protection outer net (7) upper end In, described main center pillar is additionally provided with the position upper annular groove (45) higher than lower annular groove (44).
One the most according to claim 1 pre-nursery algae culturing assembly, is characterized in that, described algae brick (12) For hexa-prism or square block.
One the most according to claim 1 pre-nursery algae culturing assembly, is characterized in that, also includes some interior Putting rope (5), described algae brick (12) is provided with at least one fragment of brick endoporus running through self two sidewall, Any one built-in rope (5) is through at least five fragment of brick endoporus, and the two ends of built-in rope (5) connect respectively On two pieces of algaes brick (12) in all algae bricks (12) self passed.
One the most according to claim 1 pre-nursery algae culturing assembly, is characterized in that, described brick groove (11) The degree of depth between 1st/to two/3rds of algae brick (12) thickness.
5., according to the one pre-nursery algae culturing assembly described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that, described Main center pillar (4) be provided with at least two balance drag-line (43), every balance drag-line (43) connect one Individual floating auxiliary ball float (6) across the sea.
6., according to the one pre-nursery algae culturing assembly described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that, described Sea buoyancy aid (2) include a charging portion (21), be provided with an anti-billow in described sea buoyancy aid (2) Structure, described anti-billow structure includes the built-in pipe (22) of a lower end closed, described built-in pipe (22) Interior bottom is provided with the push pedal spring (23) that the lower blind end with built-in pipe (22) is connected, described push pedal bullet Spring (23) upper end is provided with sealed to each other between built-in pipe (22) inner tubal wall promotes mainly plate (231), institute The main center pillar (4) stated is through the lower blind end of built-in pipe (22), and described sea buoyancy aid (2) is with main The junction of center pillar (4) is the bottom promoting mainly plate (231), is provided with in described built-in pipe (22) Closure, described built-in pipe (22) top is provided with the interior QI KOU (211) connected with charging portion (21), Described interior QI KOU (211) is connected to outer QI KOU by the interior feed channel (25) in upper containment portion, described Outer QI KOU be provided with check valve (24), described interior feed channel (25) by a spool (26) cut off be Two sections of independent tubes being not communicated with, described spool (26) is provided with one and can two independent tubes be connected Core road (261), described core road (261) position be less than independent tubes, on described spool (26) End is connected on built-in pipe (22) by lanyard (27), described spool (26) and upper containment portion it Between be slidably connected, described spool (26) is sealed to each other between sidewall and upper containment portion.
One the most according to claim 6 pre-nursery algae culturing assembly, is characterized in that, described built-in pipe (22) being arranged over receiving core groove (28), described spool (26) is provided with can be right with receipts core groove (28) The core dop (29) that should engage, described core dop (29) be in receipts core groove (28) outward and towards receive core Groove (28).
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