CN104429855A - Cutting cultivating method for improved variety of olive - Google Patents

Cutting cultivating method for improved variety of olive Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104429855A
CN104429855A CN201410738443.0A CN201410738443A CN104429855A CN 104429855 A CN104429855 A CN 104429855A CN 201410738443 A CN201410738443 A CN 201410738443A CN 104429855 A CN104429855 A CN 104429855A
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breeding
olive
root
cutting
cuttage
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CN201410738443.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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王裕斌
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青川县青源林农产品开发有限责任公司
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Priority to CN201410738443.0A priority Critical patent/CN104429855A/en
Publication of CN104429855A publication Critical patent/CN104429855A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N37/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic compounds containing a carbon atom having three bonds to hetero atoms with at the most two bonds to halogen, e.g. carboxylic acids
    • A01N37/10Aromatic or araliphatic carboxylic acids, or thio analogues thereof; Derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/34Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom
    • A01N43/36Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom five-membered rings
    • A01N43/38Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom five-membered rings condensed with carbocyclic rings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N59/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing elements or inorganic compounds
    • A01N59/16Heavy metals; Compounds thereof
    • A01N59/20Copper

Abstract

The invention discloses a cutting cultivating method for an improved variety of olive. The cutting cultivating method comprises the following steps of: (1) selecting a land, building a cutting bed and setting up a small plastic greenhouse; (2) laying sterilized cutting media, wherein a lower layer of the media is formed by coal cinder with a thickness of 18 to 22cm and an upper layer of the media is formed by river sand with a thickness of 28 to 32cm; (3) selecting cutting wood; (4) soaking the cutting wood in a rooting medium for 3 to 5s; (5) inserting the cutting wood into the cutting media; (5) carrying out culture management; and (7) when 4 to 5 main roots are formed and fibrous roots form a root group, finishing the cutting cultivating process. After the cutting cultivating method for the improved variety of olive, which is provided by the invention, is adopted, the survival rate of the formed root of olive can be improved, the survival rate is 85 to 90 percent, rooting time of olive is shortened by one month, labor and material resources are reduced and production cost is greatly reduced.

Description

A kind of cottage breeding method of olive breeding
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of plant cultivation, be specifically related to a kind of cottage breeding method of olive breeding.
Background technology
Olive, belongs to Oleaceae Olea aiphyllium, being that world-renowned woody oleiferous plants holds concurrently fruit with seeds, with the olive oil of fruit processing, because having magical health-care efficacy, being described as " liquid golden ", dark liking by the people of other countries.Olive is the famous fruit tree in subtropics and important timber Trees, originates in Mediterranean littoral, such as: the ground such as Greece, Italy, Tunisia, Spain.Before nineteen fifty, have few olive to import China into, in Fujian, Taiwan, Yunnan, Gansu, Sichuan, Chongqing cultivating and growing.1956-1962 is put into country and introduces a fine variety plan, successively introduces nursery stock 1800 strain and Some seeds by the Soviet Union, Albania.1964, under Premier Zhou Enlai shows loving care in person, introduce a fine variety olive 10000 strain, carry out extensive experiment in cultivation.From over 1973, in the region of preliminary successful introduction, cultivation of progressively developping production, has had fairly large plantation in its suitable planting district, and by the end of so far, there is olive cultivated area 400,000 mu in the whole nation.Wherein Sichuan Province's Guangyuan City greatly developed olive plantation from 2000, till now existing area of base more than 10 ten thousand mu, and wherein Qingchuan County cultivated area is maximum, is more than 80,000 mu, by China Food Industry Association's reputation " township of Chinese olive " by name.
But in the winter time, olive cuttage root-taking is slow, and even do not take root, whole winter stays cool, growth is just started spring Deng Second Year, from cuttage to transplanting whole process need time more than four months, the cycle is long, consumes manpower and materials, cause cost high, the cuttage bar survival rate that the cottage breeding method of this external application routine is cultivated is not high, and survival rate is only 60%-75%, causes the waste of resource.
Summary of the invention
The cottage breeding method of a kind of olive breeding that the object of the invention is to provide, solve in prior art the problem that the olive cuttage root-taking cycle is long, cost is high, cuttage bar survival rate is low, cottage breeding method of the present invention can reduce costs, shorten olive rootage duration, improve cuttage bar survival rate.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A cottage breeding method for olive breeding, comprises the following steps:
(1) on the breeding spot chosen, set up cutting bed, shed, covered with plastic film, sunshade net and straw screen or mat on shed, in shed, establish spraying apparatus, intelligently temperature control instrument;
(2) on cutting bed, lay the cutting medium after sterilization, cutting medium comprises cinder and river sand, and lower floor is 18-22cm cinder, and upper strata is 28-32cm river sand, is embedded with ground hot line in river sand;
(3) the semi-lignified position of olive branch is chosen, in the middle of clip, 10-12cm is long, the branch of eye 3-5 is as cuttage bar, exposing aerial part is upper end, the part inserted in matrix is lower end, upper eye retains 1-2 to blade, extracts other blades on branch from lower to upper;
(4) the cuttage bar after step (3) process is soaked 3-5s in taking root liquid;
(5) the cuttage bar soaked is inserted in cutting medium, insertion depth is 5-7cm, non-contiguously hot line, irrigates matrix after 5-12h with water, makes cuttage bar and matrix close contact, enters the cultivating and managing stage after cuttage afterwards;
(6) in management process, temperature, humidity standard are: slotting machine temperature 17-20 DEG C, room temperature 23-27 DEG C, air humidity 90%-98%, and cutting medium water content is the 45-75% of saturation moisture content;
(7) when occurring 4-5 root main root, during fibrous root formation root ball, cottage breeding process terminates.
Further, selected olive branch to be the age of tree the be branch of 2 years;
Further, described cuttage bar lower end adopts 45° angle tiltedly to cut, and upper end adopts truncation, then on the wound of truncation, drips wax, and during cuttage, 5-7cm is long inserts in matrix;
Further, described each cuttage bar leaves 3-5 eye, upper eye is apart from upper cut 1-2cm, and lower eye is apart from lower cut 6-8cm;
Further, cutting medium adopt dilution 10-50 doubly 5% liquor potassic permanganate or dilution 800-1000 doubly 8% fenaminosulf solution or 500-700 carbendazim liquid medicine jet doubly saturating, then spray with clear water and wash away liquid, and with covered rearing with plastic film 2 days, open film carries out cuttage bar again cuttage after 2 days;
Further, the concentration of taking root liquid used is 100-200ppm, and often liter of taking root liquid comprises the component of following parts by weight: IBA indolebutyric acid 10-20 part, ABT root-inducing powder 2-5 part, methyl α-naphthyl acetate 10-20 part, potassium nitrate 1-2 part, copper sulphate 0.1-0.2 part, ammonium nitrate 1-2 part, Cobastab 21-2 part, vitamine D1-2 parts, glucose 3-5 part;
Further, taking root liquid configures according to the following steps: a, with sterile water by potassium nitrate, copper sulphate, ammonium nitrate, Cobastab 2, vitamin D, glucose dissolves completely; B, by volume parts be 75% alcohol IBA indolebutyric acid, ABT root-inducing powder, methyl α-naphthyl acetate are dissolved completely; C, the solution mixing will obtained in step a and step b, add sterile water to desired concn, wherein use sodium citrate buffer solution adjust ph to 6.3-6.7;
Further, cutting time carries out when season early winter, daily mean temperature was 13-15 DEG C;
Further, room temperature preferable temperature is 25 DEG C.
The cottage breeding method of a kind of olive breeding provided by the invention, has following several beneficial effect:
(1) olive is taken root in the winter time and is taken root very slowly or not, the cottage breeding method of olive breeding provided by the invention, in taking root liquid used, have C, N source promoting the root-growing agent of root growth, trace element, vitamin and provide nutrition, these elements are not only cuttage bar and provide the energy, also serve the effect of fertilising simultaneously, thus shorten the rootage duration of olive, shorten about one month, reduce labour and material resources, greatly reduce production cost.
(2) adopt conventional method that olive is taken root survival, its survival rate be 60-75% not etc., but adopt the cottage breeding method of olive breeding provided by the invention, can improve olive and to take root survival rate, its survival rate is 85-90%.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A cottage breeding method for olive breeding, comprises the following steps:
(1) when season early winter, daily mean temperature was 13-15 DEG C, the breeding spot chosen is set up cutting bed, shed, covered with plastic film, sunshade net and straw screen or mat on shed, in shed, establish spraying apparatus, intelligently temperature control instrument;
(2) on cutting bed, lay the cutting medium after sterilization, cutting medium comprises cinder and river sand, and lower floor is 18-22cm cinder, and upper strata is 28-32cm river sand; Cutting medium will be sterilized before use, can prevent mouldy long bacterium, affect the growth of cuttage bar, cutting medium adopts the liquor potassic permanganate spray of dilution 10 times 5% thoroughly, then spray with clear water and wash away liquid, and with covered rearing with plastic film 2 days, open film carries out cuttage bar again cuttage after 2 days; In order to ensure cuttage bar process of growth in demand to temperature, in laying cutting medium process need in river sand buried hot line, control ground temperature with temperature control instrument intelligently, guarantee cuttage bar is to the demand of temperature; Wherein, cinder cavity is many, can provide more oxygen, make well developed root system for branch; Perlite is had in conventional matrix, fast with the evaporation of perlite moisture, replace conventional perlite with river sand, the evaporation of the moisture that can slow down, thus reduce water spray number of times, also reduce power consumption energy simultaneously;
(3) the semi-lignified position that the age of tree is the olive branch of 2 years is chosen, in the middle of clip, 10-12cm is long, the branch of eye 3-5 is as cuttage bar, exposing aerial part is upper end, the part inserted in matrix is lower end, upper eye retains 1-2 to blade, extracts other blades on branch from lower to upper; Wherein, upper eye is apart from upper cut 1-2cm, and lower eye is apart from lower cut 6-8cm; Cuttage bar lower end adopts 45° angle tiltedly to cut, and can increase area of section, be conducive to skewer rooting of cuttings, and upper end adopts truncation, then on the wound of truncation, drips wax, and the moisture that can slow down evaporates;
(4) the cuttage bar after step (3) process is soak 3-5s in the taking root liquid of 100ppm in concentration, wherein, often liter of taking root liquid comprises the component of following parts by weight: IBA indolebutyric acid 10 parts, ABT root-inducing powder 2 parts, methyl α-naphthyl acetate 10 parts, 1 part, potassium nitrate, 0.1 part, copper sulphate, 1 part, ammonium nitrate, Cobastab 21 part, vitamine D1 part, glucose 3 parts;
Wherein, taking root liquid configures according to the following steps: a, with sterile water by potassium nitrate, copper sulphate, ammonium nitrate, Cobastab 2, vitamin D, glucose dissolves completely; B, by volume parts be 75% alcohol IBA indolebutyric acid, ABT root-inducing powder, methyl α-naphthyl acetate are dissolved completely; C, the solution mixing will obtained in step a and step b, adding sterile water to taking root liquid concentration is 100ppm, wherein uses sodium citrate buffer solution adjust ph to 6.3-6.7;
(5) the cuttage bar soaked is inserted in cutting medium, insertion depth is 5-7cm, non-contiguously hot line, establishes a tank between cutting bed and cutting bed, and the water evaporation inside tank increases air humidity, reduces the number of times of spraying, thus reduces power consumption; Irrigate matrix with water after cuttage 5h, make cuttage bar and matrix close contact, enter the cultivating and managing stage after cuttage afterwards;
(6) in management process, temperature, humidity standard are: slotting machine temperature 17-20 DEG C, room temperature 23-25 DEG C, air humidity 90%-98%, cutting medium water content is the 45-75% of saturation moisture content, by controlling ambient temperature at 23-25 DEG C with sunshade net sunshade, antifreeze with straw screen or mat;
(7) when occurring 4-5 root main root, fibrous root is more and quality that is explanation root system when forming root ball is good, and cuttage branch survival rate is high, and survival rate is 85%, and shorten from cuttage to the time of transplanting, the time is 93 days.
Embodiment 2
A cottage breeding method for olive breeding, comprises the following steps:
(1) when season early winter, daily mean temperature was 13-15 DEG C, the breeding spot chosen is set up cutting bed, shed, covered with plastic film, sunshade net and straw screen or mat on shed, in shed, establish spraying apparatus, intelligently temperature control instrument;
(2) on cutting bed, lay the cutting medium after sterilization, cutting medium comprises cinder and river sand, and lower floor is 18-22cm cinder, and upper strata is 28-32cm river sand; Cutting medium will be sterilized before use, can prevent mouldy long bacterium, affect the growth of cuttage bar, cutting medium adopts the liquor potassic permanganate spray of dilution 50 times 5% thoroughly, then spray with clear water and wash away liquid, and with covered rearing with plastic film 2 days, open film carries out cuttage bar again cuttage after 2 days;
(3) the semi-lignified position that the age of tree is the olive branch of 2 years is chosen, in the middle of clip, 10-12cm is long, the branch of eye 3-5 is as cuttage bar, exposing aerial part is upper end, the part inserted in matrix is lower end, upper eye retains 1-2 to blade, extracts other blades on branch from lower to upper; Wherein, upper eye is apart from upper cut 1-2cm, and lower eye is apart from lower cut 6-8cm; Cuttage bar lower end adopts 45° angle tiltedly to cut, and can increase area of section, be conducive to skewer rooting of cuttings, and upper end adopts truncation, then on the wound of truncation, drips wax, and the moisture that can slow down evaporates;
(4) the cuttage bar after step (3) process is soak 3-5s in the taking root liquid of 200ppm in concentration, wherein, often liter of taking root liquid comprises the component of following parts by weight: IBA indolebutyric acid 20 parts, ABT root-inducing powder 5 parts, methyl α-naphthyl acetate 20 parts, 2 parts, potassium nitrate, 0.2 part, copper sulphate, 2 parts, ammonium nitrate, Cobastab 22 parts, calciferol part, glucose 5 parts;
Wherein, taking root liquid configures according to the following steps: a, with sterile water by potassium nitrate, copper sulphate, ammonium nitrate, Cobastab 2, vitamin D, glucose dissolves completely; B, by volume parts be 75% alcohol IBA indolebutyric acid, ABT root-inducing powder, methyl α-naphthyl acetate are dissolved completely; C, the solution mixing will obtained in step a and step b, adding sterile water to taking root liquid concentration is 200ppm, wherein uses sodium citrate buffer solution adjust ph to 6.3-6.7;
(5) the cuttage bar soaked is inserted in cutting medium, insertion depth is 5-7cm, non-contiguously hot line, establishes a tank between cutting bed and cutting bed, and the water evaporation inside tank increases air humidity, reduces the number of times of spraying, thus reduces power consumption; Irrigate matrix with water after cuttage 12h, make cuttage bar and matrix close contact, enter the cultivating and managing stage after cuttage afterwards;
(6) in management process, temperature, humidity standard are: slotting machine temperature 17-20 DEG C, room temperature 25-28 DEG C, air humidity 90%-98%, cutting medium water content is the 45-75% of saturation moisture content, by controlling ambient temperature at 25-28 DEG C with sunshade net sunshade, antifreeze with straw screen or mat;
(7) when occurring 4-5 root main root, fibrous root is more and quality that is explanation root system when forming root ball is good, and cuttage branch survival rate is high, and survival rate is 90%, and shorten from cuttage to the time of transplanting, the time is 89 days.
Embodiment 3
A cottage breeding method for olive breeding, comprises the following steps:
(1) when season early winter, daily mean temperature was 13-15 DEG C, the breeding spot chosen is set up cutting bed, shed, covered with plastic film, sunshade net and straw screen or mat on shed, in shed, establish spraying apparatus, intelligently temperature control instrument;
(2) on cutting bed, lay the cutting medium after sterilization, cutting medium comprises cinder and river sand, and lower floor is 18-22cm cinder, and upper strata is 28-32cm river sand; Cutting medium will be sterilized before use, can prevent mouldy long bacterium, affect the growth of cuttage bar, cutting medium adopts the fenaminosulf solution spray of dilution 800 times 8% thoroughly, then spray with clear water and wash away liquid, and with covered rearing with plastic film 2 days, open film carries out cuttage bar again cuttage after 2 days;
(3) the semi-lignified position that the age of tree is the olive branch of 2 years is chosen, in the middle of clip, 10-12cm is long, the branch of eye 3-5 is as cuttage bar, exposing aerial part is upper end, the part inserted in matrix is lower end, upper eye retains 1-2 to blade, extracts other blades on branch from lower to upper; Wherein, upper eye is apart from upper cut 1-2cm, and lower eye is apart from lower cut 6-8cm; Cuttage bar lower end adopts 45° angle tiltedly to cut, and can increase area of section, be conducive to skewer rooting of cuttings, and upper end adopts truncation, then on the wound of truncation, drips wax, and the moisture that can slow down evaporates;
(4) the cuttage bar after step (3) process is soak 3-5s in the taking root liquid of 100ppm in concentration, wherein, often liter of taking root liquid comprises the component of following parts by weight: IBA indolebutyric acid 15 parts, ABT root-inducing powder 3 parts, methyl α-naphthyl acetate 15 parts, 2 parts, potassium nitrate, 0.2 part, copper sulphate, 2 parts, ammonium nitrate, Cobastab 22 parts, vitamine D1 part, glucose 3 parts;
Wherein, taking root liquid configures according to the following steps: a, with sterile water by potassium nitrate, copper sulphate, ammonium nitrate, Cobastab 2, vitamin D, glucose dissolves completely; B, by volume parts be 75% alcohol IBA indolebutyric acid, ABT root-inducing powder, methyl α-naphthyl acetate are dissolved completely; C, the solution mixing will obtained in step a and step b, adding sterile water to taking root liquid concentration is 100ppm, wherein uses sodium citrate buffer solution adjust ph to 6.3-6.7;
(5) the cuttage bar soaked is inserted in cutting medium, insertion depth is 5-7cm, non-contiguously hot line, establishes a tank between cutting bed and cutting bed, and the water evaporation inside tank increases air humidity, reduces the number of times of spraying, thus reduces power consumption; Irrigate matrix with water after cuttage 8h, make cuttage bar and matrix close contact, enter the cultivating and managing stage after cuttage afterwards;
(6) in management process, temperature, humidity standard are: slotting machine temperature 17-20 DEG C, room temperature 25-28 DEG C, air humidity 90%-98%, cutting medium water content is the 45-75% of saturation moisture content, by controlling ambient temperature at 25-28 DEG C with sunshade net sunshade, antifreeze with straw screen or mat;
(7) when occurring 4-5 root main root, fibrous root is more and quality that is explanation root system when forming root ball is good, and cuttage branch survival rate is high, and survival rate is 88%, and shorten from cuttage to the time of transplanting, the time is 95 days.
Embodiment 4
A cottage breeding method for olive breeding, comprises the following steps:
(1) when season early winter, daily mean temperature was 13-15 DEG C, the breeding spot chosen is set up cutting bed, shed, covered with plastic film, sunshade net and straw screen or mat on shed, in shed, establish spraying apparatus, intelligently temperature control instrument;
(2) on cutting bed, lay the cutting medium after sterilization, cutting medium comprises cinder and river sand, and lower floor is 18-22cm cinder, and upper strata is 28-32cm river sand; Cutting medium will be sterilized before use, can prevent mouldy long bacterium, affect the growth of cuttage bar, cutting medium adopts the fenaminosulf solution spray of dilution 1000 times 8% thoroughly, then spray with clear water and wash away liquid, and with covered rearing with plastic film 2 days, open film carries out cuttage bar again cuttage after 2 days;
(3) the semi-lignified position that the age of tree is the olive branch of 2 years is chosen, in the middle of clip, 10-12cm is long, the branch of eye 3-5 is as cuttage bar, exposing aerial part is upper end, the part inserted in matrix is lower end, upper eye retains 1-2 to blade, extracts other blades on branch from lower to upper; Wherein, upper eye is apart from upper cut 1-2cm, and lower eye is apart from lower cut 6-8cm; Cuttage bar lower end adopts 45° angle tiltedly to cut, and can increase area of section, be conducive to skewer rooting of cuttings, and upper end adopts truncation, then on the wound of truncation, drips wax, and the moisture that can slow down evaporates;
(4) the cuttage bar after step (3) process is soak 3-5s in the taking root liquid of 150ppm in concentration, wherein, often liter of taking root liquid comprises the component of following parts by weight: IBA indolebutyric acid 13 parts, ABT root-inducing powder 3 parts, methyl α-naphthyl acetate 15 parts, 2 parts, potassium nitrate, 0.1 part, copper sulphate, 2 parts, ammonium nitrate, Cobastab 21 part, vitamine D1 part, glucose 4 parts;
Wherein, taking root liquid configures according to the following steps: a, with sterile water by potassium nitrate, copper sulphate, ammonium nitrate, Cobastab 2, vitamin D, glucose dissolves completely; B, by volume parts be 75% alcohol IBA indolebutyric acid, ABT root-inducing powder, methyl α-naphthyl acetate are dissolved completely; C, the solution mixing will obtained in step a and step b, adding sterile water to taking root liquid concentration is 150ppm, wherein uses sodium citrate buffer solution adjust ph to 6.3-6.7;
(5) the cuttage bar soaked is inserted in cutting medium, insertion depth is 5-7cm, non-contiguously hot line, establishes a tank between cutting bed and cutting bed, and the water evaporation inside tank increases air humidity, reduces the number of times of spraying, thus reduces power consumption; Irrigate matrix with water after cuttage 10h, make cuttage bar and matrix close contact, enter the cultivating and managing stage after cuttage afterwards;
(6) in management process, temperature, humidity standard are: slotting machine temperature 17-20 DEG C, room temperature 25-28 DEG C, air humidity 90%-98%, cutting medium water content is the 45-75% of saturation moisture content, by controlling ambient temperature at 25-28 DEG C with sunshade net sunshade, antifreeze with straw screen or mat;
(7) when occurring 4-5 root main root, fibrous root is more and quality that is explanation root system when forming root ball is good, and cuttage branch survival rate is high, and survival rate is 89%, and shorten from cuttage to the time of transplanting, the time is 91 days.
Embodiment 5
A cottage breeding method for olive breeding, comprises the following steps:
(1) when season early winter, daily mean temperature was 13-15 DEG C, the breeding spot chosen is set up cutting bed, shed, covered with plastic film, sunshade net and straw screen or mat on shed, in shed, establish spraying apparatus, intelligently temperature control instrument;
(2) on cutting bed, lay the cutting medium after sterilization, cutting medium comprises cinder and river sand, and lower floor is 18-22cm cinder, and upper strata is 28-32cm river sand; Cutting medium will be sterilized before use, can prevent mouldy long bacterium, affect the growth of cuttage bar, cutting medium adopts the carbendazim liquid medicine jet of dilution 500 times saturating, then spray with clear water and wash away liquid, and with covered rearing with plastic film 2 days, open film carries out cuttage bar again cuttage after 2 days;
(3) the semi-lignified position that the age of tree is the olive branch of 2 years is chosen, in the middle of clip, 10-12cm is long, the branch of eye 3-5 is as cuttage bar, exposing aerial part is upper end, the part inserted in matrix is lower end, upper eye retains 1-2 to blade, extracts other blades on branch from lower to upper; Wherein, upper eye is apart from upper cut 1-2cm, and lower eye is apart from lower cut 6-8cm; Cuttage bar lower end adopts 45° angle tiltedly to cut, and can increase area of section, be conducive to skewer rooting of cuttings, and upper end adopts truncation, then on the wound of truncation, drips wax, and the moisture that can slow down evaporates;
(4) the cuttage bar after step (3) process is soak 3-5s in the taking root liquid of 120ppm in concentration, wherein, often liter of taking root liquid comprises the component of following parts by weight: IBA indolebutyric acid 18 parts, ABT root-inducing powder 3 parts, methyl α-naphthyl acetate 16 parts, 2 parts, potassium nitrate, 0.1 part, copper sulphate, 2 parts, ammonium nitrate, Cobastab 22 parts, calciferol part, glucose 5 parts;
Wherein, taking root liquid configures according to the following steps: a, with sterile water by potassium nitrate, copper sulphate, ammonium nitrate, Cobastab 2, vitamin D, glucose dissolves completely; B, by volume parts be 75% alcohol IBA indolebutyric acid, ABT root-inducing powder, methyl α-naphthyl acetate are dissolved completely; C, the solution mixing will obtained in step a and step b, adding sterile water to taking root liquid concentration is 120ppm, wherein uses sodium citrate buffer solution adjust ph to 6.3-6.7;
(5) the cuttage bar soaked is inserted in cutting medium, insertion depth is 5-7cm, non-contiguously hot line, establishes a tank between cutting bed and cutting bed, and the water evaporation inside tank increases air humidity, reduces the number of times of spraying, thus reduces power consumption; Irrigate matrix with water after cuttage 7h, make cuttage bar and matrix close contact, enter the cultivating and managing stage after cuttage afterwards;
(6) in management process, temperature, humidity standard are: slotting machine temperature 17-20 DEG C, room temperature 25-28 DEG C, air humidity 90%-98%, cutting medium water content is the 45-75% of saturation moisture content, by controlling ambient temperature at 25-28 DEG C with sunshade net sunshade, antifreeze with straw screen or mat;
(7) when occurring 4-5 root main root, fibrous root is more and quality that is explanation root system when forming root ball is good, and cuttage branch survival rate is high, and survival rate is 87%, and shorten from cuttage to the time of transplanting, the time is 93 days.
Embodiment 6
A cottage breeding method for olive breeding, comprises the following steps:
(1) when season early winter, daily mean temperature was 13-15 DEG C, the breeding spot chosen is set up cutting bed, shed, covered with plastic film, sunshade net and straw screen or mat on shed, in shed, establish spraying apparatus, intelligently temperature control instrument;
(2) on cutting bed, lay the cutting medium after sterilization, cutting medium comprises cinder and river sand, and lower floor is 18-22cm cinder, and upper strata is 28-32cm river sand; Cutting medium will be sterilized before use, can prevent mouldy long bacterium, affect the growth of cuttage bar, cutting medium adopts the carbendazim liquid medicine jet of dilution 700 times saturating, then spray with clear water and wash away liquid, and with covered rearing with plastic film 2 days, open film carries out cuttage bar again cuttage after 2 days;
(3) the semi-lignified position that the age of tree is the olive branch of 2 years is chosen, in the middle of clip, 10-12cm is long, the branch of eye 3-5 is as cuttage bar, exposing aerial part is upper end, the part inserted in matrix is lower end, upper eye retains 1-2 to blade, extracts other blades on branch from lower to upper; Wherein, upper eye is apart from upper cut 1-2cm, and lower eye is apart from lower cut 6-8cm; Cuttage bar lower end adopts 45° angle tiltedly to cut, and can increase area of section, be conducive to skewer rooting of cuttings, and upper end adopts truncation, then on the wound of truncation, drips wax, and the moisture that can slow down evaporates;
(4) the cuttage bar after step (3) process is soak 3-5s in the taking root liquid of 180ppm in concentration, wherein, often liter of taking root liquid comprises the component of following parts by weight: IBA indolebutyric acid 18 parts, ABT root-inducing powder 5 parts, methyl α-naphthyl acetate 17 parts, 2 parts, potassium nitrate, 0.1 part, copper sulphate, 2 parts, ammonium nitrate, Cobastab 22 parts, calciferol part, glucose 5 parts;
Wherein, taking root liquid configures according to the following steps: a, with sterile water by potassium nitrate, copper sulphate, ammonium nitrate, Cobastab 2, vitamin D, glucose dissolves completely; B, by volume parts be 75% alcohol IBA indolebutyric acid, ABT root-inducing powder, methyl α-naphthyl acetate are dissolved completely; C, the solution mixing will obtained in step a and step b, adding sterile water to taking root liquid concentration is 180ppm, wherein uses sodium citrate buffer solution adjust ph to 6.3-6.7;
(5) the cuttage bar soaked is inserted in cutting medium, insertion depth is 5-7cm, non-contiguously hot line, establishes a tank between cutting bed and cutting bed, and the water evaporation inside tank increases air humidity, reduces the number of times of spraying, thus reduces power consumption; Irrigate matrix with water after cuttage 12h, make cuttage bar and matrix close contact, enter the cultivating and managing stage after cuttage afterwards;
(6) in management process, temperature, humidity standard are: slotting machine temperature 17-20 DEG C, room temperature 25-28 DEG C, air humidity 90%-98%, cutting medium water content is the 45-75% of saturation moisture content, by controlling ambient temperature at 25-28 DEG C with sunshade net sunshade, antifreeze with straw screen or mat;
(7) when occurring 4-5 root main root, fibrous root is more and quality that is explanation root system when forming root ball is good, and cuttage branch survival rate is high, and survival rate is 89%, and shorten from cuttage to the time of transplanting, the time is 91 days.
The present invention in cuttage in earlier stage, cutting medium is carried out disinfection sterilizing, mouldy long bacterium can be prevented, affect the growth of cuttage bar, during cuttage, cuttage bar is soaked 3-5s in taking root liquid, containing the somatotropin promoting root growth in taking root liquid, there is trace element, there is N, K, the elements such as C, also has vitamin, this taking root liquid can promote the growth of root, play again the effect that energy also has fertilizer simultaneously, in follow-up cultivating and managing process, room temperature is 25 DEG C time, cuttage bar growing way is best, utilize cottage breeding olive of the present invention, make cuttage bar well developed root system, quality is good, also shorten the time from cuttage to the process of transplanting simultaneously, shorten about one month, thus reduce labour and material resources, greatly reduce production cost, adopt conventional method make olive cuttage bar survival rate be 60-75% not etc., but adopt the cottage breeding method of olive breeding provided by the invention, olive cuttage bar survival rate can be improved, its survival rate is 85-90%.

Claims (9)

1. a cottage breeding method for olive breeding, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) on the breeding spot chosen, set up cutting bed, shed, covered with plastic film, sunshade net and straw screen or mat on shed, in shed, establish spraying apparatus, intelligently temperature control instrument;
(2) on cutting bed, lay the cutting medium after sterilization, cutting medium comprises cinder and river sand, and lower floor is 18-22cm cinder, and upper strata is 28-32cm river sand, is embedded with ground hot line in river sand;
(3) the semi-lignified position of olive branch is chosen, in the middle of clip, 10-12cm is long, the branch of eye 3-5 is as cuttage bar, exposing aerial part is upper end, the part inserted in matrix is lower end, upper eye retains 1-2 to blade, extracts other blades on branch from lower to upper;
(4) the cuttage bar after step (3) process is soaked 3-5s in taking root liquid;
(5) the cuttage bar soaked is inserted in cutting medium, insertion depth is 5-7cm, non-contiguously hot line, irrigates matrix after 5-12h with water, makes cuttage bar and matrix close contact, enters the cultivating and managing stage after cuttage afterwards;
(6) in management process, temperature, humidity standard are: slotting machine temperature 17-20 DEG C, room temperature 23-27 DEG C, air humidity 90%-98%, and cutting medium water content is the 45-75% of saturation moisture content;
(7) when occurring 4-5 root main root, during fibrous root formation root ball, cottage breeding process terminates.
2. the cottage breeding method of a kind of olive breeding according to claim 1, is characterized in that, selected olive branch to be the age of tree the be branch of 2 years.
3. the cottage breeding method of a kind of olive breeding according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described cuttage bar lower end adopts 45° angle tiltedly to cut, and upper end adopts truncation, then on the otch of truncation, drips wax.
4. the cottage breeding method of a kind of olive breeding according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described each cuttage bar leaves 3-5 eye, and upper eye is apart from upper cut 1-2cm, and lower eye is apart from lower cut 6-8cm.
5. the cottage breeding method of a kind of olive breeding according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, cutting medium adopt dilution 10-50 doubly 5% liquor potassic permanganate or dilution 800-1000 doubly 8% fenaminosulf solution or 500-700 carbendazim liquid medicine jet doubly saturating, then spray with clear water and wash away liquid, and with covered rearing with plastic film 2 days, open film carries out cuttage bar again cuttage after 2 days.
6. the cottage breeding method of a kind of olive breeding according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the concentration of taking root liquid is 100-200ppm, and often liter of taking root liquid comprises the component of following parts by weight: IBA indolebutyric acid 10-20 part, ABT root-inducing powder 2-5 part, methyl α-naphthyl acetate 10-20 part, potassium nitrate 1-2 part, copper sulphate 0.1-0.2 part, ammonium nitrate 1-2 part, vitamin B2 1-2 part, vitamine D1-2 parts, glucose 3-5 part.
7. the cottage breeding method of a kind of olive breeding according to claim 1 or 6, it is characterized in that, taking root liquid configures according to the following steps: a, potassium nitrate, copper sulphate, ammonium nitrate, vitamin B2, vitamin D, glucose are dissolved completely with sterile water; B, by volume fraction be 75% alcohol IBA indolebutyric acid, ABT root-inducing powder, methyl α-naphthyl acetate are dissolved completely; C, the solution mixing will obtained in step a and step b, add sterile water to desired concn, wherein use sodium citrate buffer solution adjust ph to 6.3-6.7.
8. the cottage breeding method of a kind of olive breeding according to claim 1, is characterized in that, cutting time carries out when season early winter, daily mean temperature was 13-15 DEG C.
9. the cottage breeding method of a kind of olive breeding according to claim 1, is characterized in that, room temperature is 25 DEG C.
CN201410738443.0A 2014-12-05 2014-12-05 Cutting cultivating method for improved variety of olive CN104429855A (en)

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CN107125009A (en) * 2017-06-22 2017-09-05 和县赭洛山茶叶种植专业合作社 A kind of sweet osmanthus cottage breeding method
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CN110558071A (en) * 2019-10-14 2019-12-13 广西壮族自治区林业科学研究院 Cutting seedling method for olive twigs

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CN104956890A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-10-07 甘肃省林业科学研究院 Cutting seedling raising method for olive light matrix
CN105265191A (en) * 2015-11-19 2016-01-27 华蓥市双河第四初级中学 Method for grafting olea europaea
CN105453902A (en) * 2015-11-19 2016-04-06 华蓥市双河第四初级中学 Olive xenoplastic grafting method
CN105409525A (en) * 2015-11-26 2016-03-23 全椒县桃花湾果蔬种植专业合作社 Potted cultivation method for centella asiatica
CN105557424A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-05-11 安徽和合园林绿化工程有限公司 Scion cutting pretreatment method for improving tree cuttage survival rate
CN105794582A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-07-27 四川农业大学 Transplanting method capable of increasing survival rate of wild ancient tea trees
CN105794582B (en) * 2016-05-19 2019-11-05 四川农业大学 A kind of method for transplanting improving wild ancient tea tree survival rate
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CN106258312A (en) * 2016-07-28 2017-01-04 青川县青源林农产品开发有限责任公司 A kind of Fructus oleae europaeae harvesting high-quality high-yield cultural method
CN106518519A (en) * 2016-10-27 2017-03-22 六安市振清生态农业有限公司 Nutrition organic matrix used for planting osmanthus tree
CN109417920A (en) * 2017-06-19 2019-03-05 丽江市林业科学研究所 A kind of preparation method of olive cutting medium
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