CN104429833B - A kind of underground water greenbelt irrigation system powered based on solar street light - Google Patents

A kind of underground water greenbelt irrigation system powered based on solar street light Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104429833B
CN104429833B CN201410668692.7A CN201410668692A CN104429833B CN 104429833 B CN104429833 B CN 104429833B CN 201410668692 A CN201410668692 A CN 201410668692A CN 104429833 B CN104429833 B CN 104429833B
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China
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irrigation
dolly
greenbelt
water pump
irrigating
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CN201410668692.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104429833A (en
Inventor
罗小林
王洪稷
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昆明理工大学
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Publication of CN104429833A publication Critical patent/CN104429833A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/09Watering arrangements making use of movable installations on wheels or the like
    • A01G25/097Watering arrangements making use of movable installations on wheels or the like guided or propelled along a water supply line with supply line traversing means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of underground water greenbelt irrigation system powered based on solar street light, belong to irrigation technique field.Solar street light of the present invention is arranged on the centre of greenbelt;Kerbstone is arranged on the both sides of greenbelt, is provided with cement slabstone at kerbstone away from the side of greenbelt, is hollow below cement slabstone;Track installation below cement slabstone and kerbstone in aerial;Moveable hook is also mounted on track;Water pump is arranged on the underground of greenbelt one end, and aqueduct is all connected with water pump with pumping conduit, and underground water is extracted out by water pump by pumping conduit, and recycling aqueduct provides irrigation water for irrigating the Irrigation shower head on dolly;Supply lines is connected with irrigation dolly and water pump respectively, and powers for irrigating dolly and water pump.The present invention can reduce during traditional irrigation owing to the process slowly traffic jam brought current for normal traffic and crowded is irrigated on sprinkling truck;Decrease the waste problem of the energy.

Description

A kind of underground water greenbelt irrigation system powered based on solar street light
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of underground water greenbelt irrigation system powered based on solar street light, belong to irrigation technique field.
Background technology
Along with the development of national economy, Process of Urbanization Construction is significantly carried out in China, and Greening Urban Road area increases the most year by year.How to improve road green belt flowers grass and trees survival rate, it is ensured that its normal growth, improve the area coverage of urban green space, the operation of science and safeguard urban green space, it has also become the important content of urban afforestation management.
And during the irrigation of urban green belts, there are still now a lot of problems.At present, the irrigation method of road green belt is broadly divided into two kinds, and one is to use sprinkling truck sprinkling irrigation or artificial flood irrigation to water, and another kind is to utilize rain collector and stationary nozzle to spray greenbelt or drip irrigation.For the first method using sprinkling truck sprinkling irrigation or manual priming that greenbelt is irrigated, this irrigation method not only water consumption is big, irrigation efficiency is low, substantial amounts of man power and material can be expended, meanwhile, during irrigating, sprinkling truck takies runway and carries out irrigation operation, speed is slow, influencing whether the current of other vehicle, often result in and block up on the road of city, traffic accident also happens occasionally.Utilize rain collector and stationary nozzle that greenbelt is sprayed or for the method for drip irrigation for the second; it is primarily due to the difference of various places synoptic climate; precipitation can make a big difference; the rainwater collected is utilized to carry out irrigating the situation that water consumption often can be occurred not enough; cannot comprehensively promote; stationary nozzle is additionally used to carry out spraying or drip irrigation; can produce and irrigate the most comprehensive, uneven phenomenon; and spray and the equipment laying complexity of drip irrigation, integrated engineering workload is big, cost is high, regular maintenance maintenance difficult.
From the point of view of in terms of water resource, along with greatly developing of modern industry, water resource is by substantial amounts of exploitation, and water resource has had been subjected to pollution in various degree, and available water resource is fewer and feweri, so, iirigation water source is just with greater need for careful selection.One in underground water is phreatic water, refer mainly to bury the most shallower and local Atmospheric precipitation or surface water body has the diving of directly benefit row's relation or weak artesian water, the mainly water-bearing layer in 60 meters below earth's surface, owing to its buried regions is shallow, filtering without deep layer rock, water body is easily by sewage and the pollution by pesticides of farmland residual of plant emissions, so being not suitable for drinking as drinking water, human body can be endangered healthy, and if be not used, the waste at water source can be caused again.
From the point of view of the use process of solar street light, on daytime, being converted solar energy into electrical energy by solar panel and be stored in batteries, in evening, the electric energy supply street lamp stored is used by batteries again.Owing to solar street light batteries needs repeatedly to fill, discharge and in the course of the work due to filling that the difference of illumination power causes, the not equal operating characteristic of depth of discharge, batteries can be made to be subject to the biggest infringement, general batteries arises that charging is discontented after the one or two years that works, actual charge rate drops to the phenomenon of about 50%, in this case, batteries can not sufficiently absorb solar energy and it is converted into electric energy store, and in order to save the cost of solar street light, the batteries chosen is the least, so when solar energy abundance when, batteries also cannot sufficiently absorb whole solar energy, these all can cause the great waste of the energy.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of underground water greenbelt irrigation system powered based on solar street light, for solving during watering with traditional greenbelt irrigation method such as sprinkling truck sprinkling irrigation or artificial flood irrigation, sprinkling truck takies runway and carries out irrigation operation, speed is slow, affect the current of other vehicle, city road often results in and blocks up, irrigation water consumption is big, irrigation efficiency is low, the problem that can expend substantial amounts of man power and material, and during the use of solar street light, due to repeatedly filling of batteries, the loss of the batteries that electric discharge is brought, can not fully store the electric energy that solar energy is converted, the problems such as the waste greatly that can cause the energy and the shortage of water resources brought due to gradually aggravating of water resource pollution degree at present.
The technical scheme is that a kind of underground water greenbelt irrigation system powered based on solar street light, formed by irrigating dolly 1, solar street light 2, water pump 3, kerbstone 4, cement slabstone 5, greenbelt 6, track 7, underground water 8, aqueduct 9, pumping conduit 10, supply lines 11 and moveable hook 12;Wherein solar street light 2 is arranged on the centre of greenbelt 6, and the solar energy of absorption is converted into electric energy by daytime, and be the traveling illumination of vehicle at night in the evening;Kerbstone 4 is arranged on the both sides of greenbelt 6, being provided with cement slabstone 5 at kerbstone 4 away from the side of greenbelt 6, cement slabstone 5 is hollow below, and irrigation dolly 1 can be made to travel wherein, also enable rainwater discharge in road both sides, reduce rainwater to the infiltration of runway and destruction;Track 7 is arranged on cement slabstone 5 and kerbstone 4 is aerial in below, makes irrigation dolly 1 travel in the air in can utilizing track 7 below cement slabstone 5;Moveable hook 12 is also mounted on track 7;Water pump 3 is arranged on the underground of greenbelt 6 one end, and aqueduct 9 is all connected with water pump 3 with pumping conduit 10, and underground water 8 is extracted out by water pump 3 by pumping conduit 10, and recycling aqueduct 9 provides irrigation water for irrigating the Irrigation shower head 114 on dolly 1;Supply lines 11 is connected with irrigation dolly 1 and water pump 3 respectively, and powers for irrigating dolly 1 and water pump 3.
Described irrigation dolly 1 is made up of motor casing 101, motor 102, gear hub 103, drive bevel gear 104, connecting shaft 105, driven wheel of differential 106, distance measuring sensor 107, bearing (108), shaft coupling 109, sprocket wheel 110, chain 111, screw 112, agv controller 113, Irrigation shower head 114, chassis 115, brake wheel 116, side shield 117, lower baffle plate 118, driven wheel 119;
Described motor 102 is arranged in motor casing 101, motor casing 101 has screw 112 corresponding with the screw 112 on chassis 115, can be fixed on chassis 115 by nut;
nullGear hub 103 is divided into upper and lower two parts by chassis 115,Gear hub about 103 has screw 112 corresponding with the screw 112 on chassis 115,By nut, gear hub 103 can be fixed on chassis 115,It is fixed with drive bevel gear 104 in the gear hub 103 on top, chassis 115、Connecting shaft 105、Driven wheel of differential 106、Bearing 108、Shaft coupling 109、Sprocket wheel 110,Motor 102 is by bearing 108、Shaft coupling 109 is connected with one end of connecting shaft 105,The other end of connecting shaft 105 connects drive bevel gear 104,Motor 102 energising can pass through bearing 108 after rotating、Shaft coupling 109 drives connecting shaft 105 to rotate,Drive bevel gear 104 is driven to rotate therewith,After drive bevel gear 104 rotates,The synchronized rotation of driven wheel of differential 106 can be driven,Driven wheel of differential 106 is connected with one end of another connecting shaft 105,The other end of another connecting shaft 105 organizes bearing 108 by another、Shaft coupling 109 is connected with sprocket wheel 110,After driven wheel of differential 106 rotates,Can rotate by band movable sprocket 110;Connecting shaft 105, bearing 108, shaft coupling 109, sprocket wheel 110 it is fixed with in the gear hub 103 of bottom, chassis 115, sprocket wheel 110 in the gear hub 103 of bottom is connected with brake wheel 116 by connecting shaft 105, bearing 108, shaft coupling 109, can realize when sprocket wheel 110 rotates, drive brake wheel 116 to rotate;Sprocket wheel 110 in the gear hub 103 on top, chassis 115 and the sprocket wheel 110 in the gear hub 103 of bottom, chassis 115 are connected by chain 111 and are vertically fixed in gear hub 103;
After motor 102 energising rotates, being connected by the structure between all parts, it is achieved the rotation of brake wheel 116, final drive is irrigated dolly 1 and is travelled;Side shield 117 is fixed on chassis 115, lower baffle plate 118 is fixed on gear hub 103, side shield 117 both can coordinate with lower baffle plate 118 prevent irrigate dolly 1 depart from from track 7, can be with fixed connection shaft 105, keep the horizontality of brake wheel 116, make irrigation dolly 1 travel on track 7 smoothly;Below the chassis 115 irrigating dolly 1, be respectively fixed with a wheel, be wherein connected with gear hub 103 for brake wheel 116, another is driven wheel 119, has side shield 117 and lower baffle plate 118 respectively in wheel parallel sides and downside;Being fixed with Irrigation shower head 114 on chassis upper gear hub 103 side, Irrigation shower head 114 is connected with aqueduct 9, can spray, in the moving process irrigating dolly 1, the greenbelt 6 that road is other;It is also equipped with agv controller 113 on dolly 1 irrigating, moisture sensor, comparator, single-chip microcomputer are installed in agv controller 113, when humidity height, humistor diminishes, thus comparator generation high level signal is to single-chip microcomputer, thus controls supply lines 11 and do not power for irrigation dolly 1, corresponding, when humidity is the lowest, comparator can produce a low level signal to single-chip microcomputer, thus control supply lines 11 and power for irrigating dolly 1;Being separately installed with a distance measuring sensor 107 at the forward and backward two ends irrigating dolly 1, when irrigating the edges at two ends that dolly 1 arrives greenbelt 6, agv controller 113 can control motor 102 and invert, and makes irrigation dolly 1 reversely continue to travel to irrigate.
Described connecting shaft 105, bearing 108 and shaft coupling 109 specification, in the same size;Described drive bevel gear 104 and the specification of driven wheel of differential 106, size are completely the same, and the gear of drive bevel gear 104 is mutually twisted with the gear of driven wheel of differential 106.
Described solar street light 2 is made up of solar panel 201, lampshade 202, lamp stand 203 and accumulator box 204;Wherein the solar energy of absorption is converted into electrical power storage in accumulator box 204 daytime by solar panel 201;Accumulator box 204 is connected with irrigation dolly 1 and water pump 3 respectively by supply lines 11, and powers for irrigating dolly 1 and water pump 3, makes them properly functioning.
On described water pump 3, water pump controller 31 is installed, moisture sensor, comparator, single-chip microcomputer are installed in water pump controller 31, when humidity height, humistor diminishes, thus comparator generation high level signal is to single-chip microcomputer, thus controls supply lines 11 and do not power for water pump 3, corresponding, when humidity is the lowest, comparator can produce a low level signal to single-chip microcomputer, thus control supply lines 11 and power for water pump 3.
Described kerbstone 4 has emptied hollow groove 41 in the middle of longitudinally, and hollow groove 41 can allow Irrigation shower head 114 movable within;On the direction of greenbelt 6, there is the irrigation spout 42 of a rectangle at kerbstone 4, make Irrigation shower head 114 by irrigating spout 42, greenbelt 6 can be irrigated.
Described Irrigation shower head 114 uses rocker arm type irrigating spray head, and ground water pressure is given Irrigation shower head 114 by aqueduct 9 by water pump 3, and Irrigation shower head 114 is by the effect rotary water jet of hydraulic pressure.
Described aqueduct 9 is suspended on the hook of moveable hook 12 bottom by the way of intersection, can drive the movement of aqueduct 9 when irrigating dolly 1 and travelling, and moveable hook 12 can be by the movement on track 7 of the wheel from body.
The operation principle of the present invention is:
Solar street light 2 is arranged on the centre of greenbelt 6, the solar energy of absorption is converted into electric energy by daytime, be the traveling illumination of vehicle at night in the evening, the solar energy of absorption is converted into electrical power storage in accumulator box 204 by solar panel 201, accumulator box 204 is connected with irrigation dolly 1 and water pump 3 respectively by supply lines 11, and power for irrigating dolly 1 and water pump 3, make them can be properly functioning.Kerbstone 4 is arranged on the both sides of greenbelt 6, being provided with cement slabstone 5 at kerbstone 4 away from the side of greenbelt 6, cement slabstone 5 is hollow below, and irrigation dolly 1 can be made to travel wherein, also enable rainwater discharge in road both sides, reduce rainwater to the infiltration of runway and destruction;Track 7 is arranged on cement slabstone 5 and kerbstone 4 is aerial in below, makes irrigation dolly 1 travel in the air in can utilizing track 7 below cement slabstone 5.
Simultaneously, moveable hook 12 is also mounted on track 7, aqueduct 9 is suspended on the hook of moveable hook 12 bottom by the way of intersection, the movement of aqueduct 9 can be driven when irrigating dolly 1 and travelling, moveable hook 12 can be by the movement on track 7 of the wheel from body, both ensure that the reliability that aqueduct 9 extends in moving process and shrinks, also prevent the abrasion with ground when aqueduct 9 moves on the ground simultaneously.
Kerbstone 4 has emptied hollow groove 41 in the middle of longitudinally, and hollow groove 41 can allow Irrigation shower head 114 movable within;On the direction of greenbelt 6, there is the irrigation spout 42 of a rectangle at kerbstone 4, make Irrigation shower head 114 by irrigating spout 42, greenbelt 6 can be irrigated.
Irrigate the Irrigation shower head 114 installed on dolly 1 and use rocker arm type irrigating spray head, ground water pressure is given Irrigation shower head 114 by aqueduct 9 by water pump 3, Irrigation shower head 114 is by the effect rotary water jet of hydraulic pressure, the rotary water jet of Irrigation shower head 114 matches with the traveling irrigating dolly 1, greenbelt 6 can be reached irrigate without dead angle, make that irrigated area is bigger, it is more uniform to irrigate.
Irrigate, on dolly 1, agv controller 113 is installed, moisture sensor, comparator, single-chip microcomputer are installed in agv controller 113, when humidity height, humistor diminishes, thus comparator generation high level signal is to single-chip microcomputer, thus controls supply lines 11 and do not power for irrigation dolly 1, corresponding, when humidity is the lowest, comparator can produce a low level signal to single-chip microcomputer, thus control supply lines 11 and power for irrigating dolly 1.It is separately installed with a distance measuring sensor 107 at the forward and backward two ends irrigating dolly 1, when irrigating the edges at two ends that dolly 1 arrives greenbelt 6, agv controller 113 can control motor 102 and invert, make irrigation dolly 1 can reversely continue to travel irrigation, the most repeatedly irrigate and irrigation can be made the most uniform.
Underground water 8 is released from underground by water pump 3 by pumping conduit 10, flow to underground water 8 irrigate the Irrigation shower head 114 on dolly 1 by aqueduct 9 the most again, water pump controller 31 is installed on water pump 3, it is fitted with moisture sensor as agv controller 113 in water pump controller 31, comparator, single-chip microcomputer, when humidity height, humistor diminishes, thus comparator produces high level signal to single-chip microcomputer, thus control supply lines 11 and do not power for water pump 3, corresponding, when humidity is the lowest, comparator can produce a low level signal to single-chip microcomputer, thus control supply lines 11 and power for water pump 3.As such, it is possible to make the start and stop of water pump 3 keep consistent with the start and stop irrigating dolly 1, making water pump 3 is that the Irrigation shower head 114 irrigated on dolly 1 supplies water, it is ensured that the abundance of irrigation water.
Wherein, described motor casing 101 had both been possible to prevent motor 102 to be collided damage, it is also possible to prevent the intrusion of steam, interference motor 102 from working.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, by irrigating dolly, trolley track, structure between cement slabstone and kerbstone connects, in trolley track being arranged on below cement slabstone and kerbstone in the air, make irrigation dolly can be travelled in underground by track, thus drive Irrigation shower head to move, Irrigation shower head can be irrigated road green belt by the irrigation spout of kerbstone side automatically, can reduce during traditional irrigation owing to the process slowly traffic jam brought current for normal traffic and crowded is irrigated on sprinkling truck, road green belt is made to irrigate process enhanced convenience, fast, save substantial amounts of manpower and materials.
2, by utilizing solar street light to power for the irrigation dolly in irrigation system and water pump, both the energy was provided for irrigation system, ensure that the operation that irrigation system is stable, and owing to solar energy belongs to renewable and clean energy resource, decrease and produce, with other fossil fuels, the environmental pollution that electric energy is brought, simultaneously, solar street light is utilized to power for irrigation system, decrease the batteries loss and cause can not fully store the electric energy loss that solar energy is converted caused by the charge and discharge repeatedly of batteries, decrease the waste problem of the energy.
3, by utilizing water pump, pumping conduit and the groundwater supply system of aqueduct composition, phreatic water is extracted out and provides iirigation water source for irrigating, both the shortage of water resources problem brought now had been solved due to gradually aggravating of water resource pollution degree, also solve phreatic water to have row's relation of directly mending owing to burying the most shallower and local Atmospheric precipitation or surface water body, filter without deep layer rock simultaneously, water body is easily by the sewage of plant emissions and the pollution by pesticides of farmland residual, it is impossible to drink directly as drinking water and the water waste problem that causes.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is apparatus of the present invention structural representation;
Fig. 2 is apparatus of the present invention connection diagram;
Fig. 3 is irrigation dolly, structural representation between kerbstone and greenbelt;
Fig. 4 is for irrigating vehicle structure front view;
Fig. 5 is for irrigating vehicle structure top view;
Fig. 6 is for irrigating car interior connection diagram;
Fig. 7 is curb structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 is that apparatus of the present invention irrigate schematic diagram;
nullIn figure, each label: 1-irrigates dolly,2-solar street light,3-water pump,4-kerbstone,5-cement slabstone,6-greenbelt,7-track,8-underground water,9-aqueduct,10-pumping conduit,11-supply lines,12-moveable hook,101-motor casing,102-motor,103-gear hub,104-drive bevel gear,105-connecting shaft,106-driven wheel of differential,107-distance measuring sensor,108-bearing,109-shaft coupling,110-sprocket wheel,111-chain,112-screw,113-agv controller,114-Irrigation shower head,115-chassis,116-brake wheel,117-side shield,118-lower baffle plate,119-driven wheel,201-solar panel,202-lampshade,203-lamp stand,204-accumulator box,31-water pump controller,41-hollow groove,42-irrigates spout.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1: as shown in figures 1-8, a kind of underground water greenbelt irrigation system powered based on solar street light, is formed by irrigating dolly 1, solar street light 2, water pump 3, kerbstone 4, cement slabstone 5, greenbelt 6, track 7, underground water 8, aqueduct 9, pumping conduit 10, supply lines 11 and moveable hook 12;Wherein solar street light 2 is arranged on the centre of greenbelt 6, and the solar energy of absorption is converted into electric energy by daytime, and be the traveling illumination of vehicle at night in the evening;Kerbstone 4 is arranged on the both sides of greenbelt 6, being provided with cement slabstone 5 at kerbstone 4 away from the side of greenbelt 6, cement slabstone 5 is hollow below, and irrigation dolly 1 can be made to travel wherein, also enable rainwater discharge in road both sides, reduce rainwater to the infiltration of runway and destruction;Track 7 is arranged on cement slabstone 5 and kerbstone 4 is aerial in below, makes irrigation dolly 1 travel in the air in can utilizing track 7 below cement slabstone 5;Moveable hook 12 is also mounted on track 7;Water pump 3 is arranged on the underground of greenbelt 6 one end, and aqueduct 9 is all connected with water pump 3 with pumping conduit 10, and underground water 8 is extracted out by water pump 3 by pumping conduit 10, and recycling aqueduct 9 provides irrigation water for irrigating the Irrigation shower head 114 on dolly 1;Supply lines 11 is connected with irrigation dolly 1 and water pump 3 respectively, and powers for irrigating dolly 1 and water pump 3.
Described irrigation dolly 1 is made up of motor casing 101, motor 102, gear hub 103, drive bevel gear 104, connecting shaft 105, driven wheel of differential 106, distance measuring sensor 107, bearing (108), shaft coupling 109, sprocket wheel 110, chain 111, screw 112, agv controller 113, Irrigation shower head 114, chassis 115, brake wheel 116, side shield 117, lower baffle plate 118, driven wheel 119;
Described motor 102 is arranged in motor casing 101, motor casing 101 has screw 112 corresponding with the screw 112 on chassis 115, can be fixed on chassis 115 by nut;
nullGear hub 103 is divided into upper and lower two parts by chassis 115,Gear hub about 103 has screw 112 corresponding with the screw 112 on chassis 115,By nut, gear hub 103 can be fixed on chassis 115,It is fixed with drive bevel gear 104 in the gear hub 103 on top, chassis 115、Connecting shaft 105、Driven wheel of differential 106、Bearing 108、Shaft coupling 109、Sprocket wheel 110,Motor 102 is by bearing 108、Shaft coupling 109 is connected with one end of connecting shaft 105,The other end of connecting shaft 105 connects drive bevel gear 104,Motor 102 energising can pass through bearing 108 after rotating、Shaft coupling 109 drives connecting shaft 105 to rotate,Drive bevel gear 104 is driven to rotate therewith,After drive bevel gear 104 rotates,The synchronized rotation of driven wheel of differential 106 can be driven,Driven wheel of differential 106 is connected with one end of another connecting shaft 105,The other end of another connecting shaft 105 organizes bearing 108 by another、Shaft coupling 109 is connected with sprocket wheel 110,After driven wheel of differential 106 rotates,Can rotate by band movable sprocket 110;Connecting shaft 105, bearing 108, shaft coupling 109, sprocket wheel 110 it is fixed with in the gear hub 103 of bottom, chassis 115, sprocket wheel 110 in the gear hub 103 of bottom is connected with brake wheel 116 by connecting shaft 105, bearing 108, shaft coupling 109, can realize when sprocket wheel 110 rotates, drive brake wheel 116 to rotate;Sprocket wheel 110 in the gear hub 103 on top, chassis 115 and the sprocket wheel 110 in the gear hub 103 of bottom, chassis 115 are connected by chain 111 and are vertically fixed in gear hub 103;
After motor 102 energising rotates, being connected by the structure between all parts, it is achieved the rotation of brake wheel 116, final drive is irrigated dolly 1 and is travelled;Side shield 117 is fixed on chassis 115, lower baffle plate 118 is fixed on gear hub 103, side shield 117 both can coordinate with lower baffle plate 118 prevent irrigate dolly 1 depart from from track 7, can be with fixed connection shaft 105, keep the horizontality of brake wheel 116, make irrigation dolly 1 travel on track 7 smoothly;Below the chassis 115 irrigating dolly 1, be respectively fixed with a wheel, be wherein connected with gear hub 103 for brake wheel 116, another is driven wheel 119, has side shield 117 and lower baffle plate 118 respectively in wheel parallel sides and downside;Being fixed with Irrigation shower head 114 on chassis upper gear hub 103 side, Irrigation shower head 114 is connected with aqueduct 9, can spray, in the moving process irrigating dolly 1, the greenbelt 6 that road is other;It is also equipped with agv controller 113 on dolly 1 irrigating, moisture sensor, comparator, single-chip microcomputer are installed in agv controller 113, when humidity height, humistor diminishes, thus comparator generation high level signal is to single-chip microcomputer, thus controls supply lines 11 and do not power for irrigation dolly 1, corresponding, when humidity is the lowest, comparator can produce a low level signal to single-chip microcomputer, thus control supply lines 11 and power for irrigating dolly 1;Being separately installed with a distance measuring sensor 107 at the forward and backward two ends irrigating dolly 1, when irrigating the edges at two ends that dolly 1 arrives greenbelt 6, agv controller 113 can control motor 102 and invert, and makes irrigation dolly 1 reversely continue to travel to irrigate.
Described connecting shaft 105, bearing 108 and shaft coupling 109 specification, in the same size;Described drive bevel gear 104 and the specification of driven wheel of differential 106, size are completely the same, and the gear of drive bevel gear 104 is mutually twisted with the gear of driven wheel of differential 106.
Described solar street light 2 is made up of solar panel 201, lampshade 202, lamp stand 203 and accumulator box 204;Wherein the solar energy of absorption is converted into electrical power storage in accumulator box 204 daytime by solar panel 201;Accumulator box 204 is connected with irrigation dolly 1 and water pump 3 respectively by supply lines 11, and powers for irrigating dolly 1 and water pump 3, makes them properly functioning.
On described water pump 3, water pump controller 31 is installed, moisture sensor, comparator, single-chip microcomputer are installed in water pump controller 31, when humidity height, humistor diminishes, thus comparator generation high level signal is to single-chip microcomputer, thus controls supply lines 11 and do not power for water pump 3, corresponding, when humidity is the lowest, comparator can produce a low level signal to single-chip microcomputer, thus control supply lines 11 and power for water pump 3.
Described kerbstone 4 has emptied hollow groove 41 in the middle of longitudinally, and hollow groove 41 can allow Irrigation shower head 114 movable within;On the direction of greenbelt 6, there is the irrigation spout 42 of a rectangle at kerbstone 4, make Irrigation shower head 114 by irrigating spout 42, greenbelt 6 can be irrigated.
Described Irrigation shower head 114 uses rocker arm type irrigating spray head, and ground water pressure is given Irrigation shower head 114 by aqueduct 9 by water pump 3, and Irrigation shower head 114 is by the effect rotary water jet of hydraulic pressure.
Described aqueduct 9 is suspended on the hook of moveable hook 12 bottom by the way of intersection, can drive the movement of aqueduct 9 when irrigating dolly 1 and travelling, and moveable hook 12 can be by the movement on track 7 of the wheel from body.
Embodiment 2: as shown in figures 1-8, a kind of underground water greenbelt irrigation system powered based on solar street light, is formed by irrigating dolly 1, solar street light 2, water pump 3, kerbstone 4, cement slabstone 5, greenbelt 6, track 7, underground water 8, aqueduct 9, pumping conduit 10, supply lines 11 and moveable hook 12;Wherein solar street light 2 is arranged on the centre of greenbelt 6, and the solar energy of absorption is converted into electric energy by daytime, and be the traveling illumination of vehicle at night in the evening;Kerbstone 4 is arranged on the both sides of greenbelt 6, being provided with cement slabstone 5 at kerbstone 4 away from the side of greenbelt 6, cement slabstone 5 is hollow below, and irrigation dolly 1 can be made to travel wherein, also enable rainwater discharge in road both sides, reduce rainwater to the infiltration of runway and destruction;Track 7 is arranged on cement slabstone 5 and kerbstone 4 is aerial in below, makes irrigation dolly 1 travel in the air in can utilizing track 7 below cement slabstone 5;Moveable hook 12 is also mounted on track 7;Water pump 3 is arranged on the underground of greenbelt 6 one end, and aqueduct 9 is all connected with water pump 3 with pumping conduit 10, and underground water 8 is extracted out by water pump 3 by pumping conduit 10, and recycling aqueduct 9 provides irrigation water for irrigating the Irrigation shower head 114 on dolly 1;Supply lines 11 is connected with irrigation dolly 1 and water pump 3 respectively, and powers for irrigating dolly 1 and water pump 3.
Described irrigation dolly 1 is made up of motor casing 101, motor 102, gear hub 103, drive bevel gear 104, connecting shaft 105, driven wheel of differential 106, distance measuring sensor 107, bearing (108), shaft coupling 109, sprocket wheel 110, chain 111, screw 112, agv controller 113, Irrigation shower head 114, chassis 115, brake wheel 116, side shield 117, lower baffle plate 118, driven wheel 119;
Described motor 102 is arranged in motor casing 101, motor casing 101 has screw 112 corresponding with the screw 112 on chassis 115, can be fixed on chassis 115 by nut;
nullGear hub 103 is divided into upper and lower two parts by chassis 115,Gear hub about 103 has screw 112 corresponding with the screw 112 on chassis 115,By nut, gear hub 103 can be fixed on chassis 115,It is fixed with drive bevel gear 104 in the gear hub 103 on top, chassis 115、Connecting shaft 105、Driven wheel of differential 106、Bearing 108、Shaft coupling 109、Sprocket wheel 110,Motor 102 is by bearing 108、Shaft coupling 109 is connected with one end of connecting shaft 105,The other end of connecting shaft 105 connects drive bevel gear 104,Motor 102 energising can pass through bearing 108 after rotating、Shaft coupling 109 drives connecting shaft 105 to rotate,Drive bevel gear 104 is driven to rotate therewith,After drive bevel gear 104 rotates,The synchronized rotation of driven wheel of differential 106 can be driven,Driven wheel of differential 106 is connected with one end of another connecting shaft 105,The other end of another connecting shaft 105 organizes bearing 108 by another、Shaft coupling 109 is connected with sprocket wheel 110,After driven wheel of differential 106 rotates,Can rotate by band movable sprocket 110;Connecting shaft 105, bearing 108, shaft coupling 109, sprocket wheel 110 it is fixed with in the gear hub 103 of bottom, chassis 115, sprocket wheel 110 in the gear hub 103 of bottom is connected with brake wheel 116 by connecting shaft 105, bearing 108, shaft coupling 109, can realize when sprocket wheel 110 rotates, drive brake wheel 116 to rotate;Sprocket wheel 110 in the gear hub 103 on top, chassis 115 and the sprocket wheel 110 in the gear hub 103 of bottom, chassis 115 are connected by chain 111 and are vertically fixed in gear hub 103;
After motor 102 energising rotates, being connected by the structure between all parts, it is achieved the rotation of brake wheel 116, final drive is irrigated dolly 1 and is travelled;Side shield 117 is fixed on chassis 115, lower baffle plate 118 is fixed on gear hub 103, side shield 117 both can coordinate with lower baffle plate 118 prevent irrigate dolly 1 depart from from track 7, can be with fixed connection shaft 105, keep the horizontality of brake wheel 116, make irrigation dolly 1 travel on track 7 smoothly;Below the chassis 115 irrigating dolly 1, be respectively fixed with a wheel, be wherein connected with gear hub 103 for brake wheel 116, another is driven wheel 119, has side shield 117 and lower baffle plate 118 respectively in wheel parallel sides and downside;Being fixed with Irrigation shower head 114 on chassis upper gear hub 103 side, Irrigation shower head 114 is connected with aqueduct 9, can spray, in the moving process irrigating dolly 1, the greenbelt 6 that road is other;It is also equipped with agv controller 113 on dolly 1 irrigating, moisture sensor, comparator, single-chip microcomputer are installed in agv controller 113, when humidity height, humistor diminishes, thus comparator generation high level signal is to single-chip microcomputer, thus controls supply lines 11 and do not power for irrigation dolly 1, corresponding, when humidity is the lowest, comparator can produce a low level signal to single-chip microcomputer, thus control supply lines 11 and power for irrigating dolly 1;Being separately installed with a distance measuring sensor 107 at the forward and backward two ends irrigating dolly 1, when irrigating the edges at two ends that dolly 1 arrives greenbelt 6, agv controller 113 can control motor 102 and invert, and makes irrigation dolly 1 reversely continue to travel to irrigate.
Described connecting shaft 105, bearing 108 and shaft coupling 109 specification, in the same size;Described drive bevel gear 104 and the specification of driven wheel of differential 106, size are completely the same, and the gear of drive bevel gear 104 is mutually twisted with the gear of driven wheel of differential 106.
Described solar street light 2 is made up of solar panel 201, lampshade 202, lamp stand 203 and accumulator box 204;Wherein the solar energy of absorption is converted into electrical power storage in accumulator box 204 daytime by solar panel 201;Accumulator box 204 is connected with irrigation dolly 1 and water pump 3 respectively by supply lines 11, and powers for irrigating dolly 1 and water pump 3, makes them properly functioning.
On described water pump 3, water pump controller 31 is installed, moisture sensor, comparator, single-chip microcomputer are installed in water pump controller 31, when humidity height, humistor diminishes, thus comparator generation high level signal is to single-chip microcomputer, thus controls supply lines 11 and do not power for water pump 3, corresponding, when humidity is the lowest, comparator can produce a low level signal to single-chip microcomputer, thus control supply lines 11 and power for water pump 3.
Described kerbstone 4 has emptied hollow groove 41 in the middle of longitudinally, and hollow groove 41 can allow Irrigation shower head 114 movable within;On the direction of greenbelt 6, there is the irrigation spout 42 of a rectangle at kerbstone 4, make Irrigation shower head 114 by irrigating spout 42, greenbelt 6 can be irrigated.
Described aqueduct 9 is suspended on the hook of moveable hook 12 bottom by the way of intersection, can drive the movement of aqueduct 9 when irrigating dolly 1 and travelling, and moveable hook 12 can be by the movement on track 7 of the wheel from body.
Embodiment 3: as shown in figures 1-8, a kind of underground water greenbelt irrigation system powered based on solar street light, is formed by irrigating dolly 1, solar street light 2, water pump 3, kerbstone 4, cement slabstone 5, greenbelt 6, track 7, underground water 8, aqueduct 9, pumping conduit 10, supply lines 11 and moveable hook 12;Wherein solar street light 2 is arranged on the centre of greenbelt 6, and the solar energy of absorption is converted into electric energy by daytime, and be the traveling illumination of vehicle at night in the evening;Kerbstone 4 is arranged on the both sides of greenbelt 6, being provided with cement slabstone 5 at kerbstone 4 away from the side of greenbelt 6, cement slabstone 5 is hollow below, and irrigation dolly 1 can be made to travel wherein, also enable rainwater discharge in road both sides, reduce rainwater to the infiltration of runway and destruction;Track 7 is arranged on cement slabstone 5 and kerbstone 4 is aerial in below, makes irrigation dolly 1 travel in the air in can utilizing track 7 below cement slabstone 5;Moveable hook 12 is also mounted on track 7;Water pump 3 is arranged on the underground of greenbelt 6 one end, and aqueduct 9 is all connected with water pump 3 with pumping conduit 10, and underground water 8 is extracted out by water pump 3 by pumping conduit 10, and recycling aqueduct 9 provides irrigation water for irrigating the Irrigation shower head 114 on dolly 1;Supply lines 11 is connected with irrigation dolly 1 and water pump 3 respectively, and powers for irrigating dolly 1 and water pump 3.
Above in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the detailed description of the invention of the present invention is explained in detail, but the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, in the ken that those of ordinary skill in the art are possessed, it is also possible on the premise of without departing from present inventive concept, various changes can be made.

Claims (8)

1. the underground water greenbelt irrigation system powered based on solar street light, it is characterised in that: formed by irrigating dolly (1), solar street light (2), water pump (3), kerbstone (4), cement slabstone (5), greenbelt (6), track (7), underground water (8), aqueduct (9), pumping conduit (10), supply lines (11) and moveable hook (12);Wherein solar street light (2) is arranged on the centre of greenbelt (6), daytime the solar energy of absorption is converted into electric energy, and be the traveling illumination of vehicle at night in the evening;Kerbstone (4) is arranged on the both sides of greenbelt (6), away from the side of greenbelt (6), cement slabstone (5) is installed at kerbstone (4), cement slabstone (5) is hollow below, irrigation dolly (1) can be made to travel wherein, also enable rainwater discharge in road both sides, reduce rainwater to the infiltration of runway and destruction;Track (7) is arranged on cement slabstone (5) and kerbstone (4) is aerial in below, makes irrigation dolly (1) that track (7) can be utilized to travel in the air in below at cement slabstone (5);Moveable hook (12) is also mounted on track (7);Water pump (3) is arranged on the underground of greenbelt (6) one end, aqueduct (9) is all connected with water pump (3) with pumping conduit (10), underground water (8) is extracted out by water pump (3) by pumping conduit (10), and recycling aqueduct (9) is that the Irrigation shower head (114) irrigated on dolly (1) provides irrigation water;Supply lines (11) is connected with irrigation dolly (1) and water pump (3) respectively, and for irrigating dolly (1) and water pump (3) power supply.
The underground water greenbelt irrigation system powered based on solar street light the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described irrigation dolly (1) is by motor casing (101), motor (102), gear hub (103), drive bevel gear (104), connecting shaft (105), driven wheel of differential (106), distance measuring sensor (107), bearing (108), shaft coupling (109), sprocket wheel (110), chain (111), screw (112), agv controller (113), Irrigation shower head (114), chassis (115), brake wheel (116), side shield (117), lower baffle plate (118), driven wheel (119) forms;
Described motor (102) is arranged in motor casing (101), motor casing (101) has screw (112) corresponding with the screw (112) on chassis (115), can be fixed on chassis (115) by nut;
nullGear hub (103) is divided into upper and lower two parts by chassis (115),Gear hub (103) has screw (112) corresponding with the screw (112) on chassis (115) up and down,By nut, gear hub (103) can be fixed on chassis (115),Drive bevel gear (104) it is fixed with in the gear hub (103) on chassis (115) top、Connecting shaft (105)、Driven wheel of differential (106)、Bearing (108)、Shaft coupling (109)、Sprocket wheel (110),Motor (102) passes through bearing (108)、Shaft coupling (109) is connected with one end of connecting shaft (105),The other end of connecting shaft (105) connects drive bevel gear (104),Motor (102) energising can pass through bearing (108) after rotating、Shaft coupling (109) drives connecting shaft (105) to rotate,Drive bevel gear (104) is driven to rotate therewith,After drive bevel gear (104) rotates,Driven wheel of differential (106) synchronized rotation can be driven,Driven wheel of differential (106) is connected with one end of another connecting shaft (105),The other end of another connecting shaft (105) is by another group bearing (108)、Shaft coupling (109) is connected with sprocket wheel (110),After driven wheel of differential (106) rotates,Can rotate by band movable sprocket (110);Connecting shaft (105), bearing (108), shaft coupling (109), sprocket wheel (110) it is fixed with in the gear hub (103) of chassis (115) bottom, sprocket wheel (110) in the gear hub (103) of bottom is connected with brake wheel (116) by connecting shaft (105), bearing (108), shaft coupling (109), can realize when sprocket wheel (110) rotates, drive brake wheel (116) to rotate;Sprocket wheel (110) in the gear hub (103) on chassis (115) top and the sprocket wheel (110) in the gear hub (103) of chassis (115) bottom are connected by chain (111) and are vertically fixed in gear hub (103);
After motor (102) energising rotates, being connected by the structure between all parts, it is achieved the rotation of brake wheel (116), final drive is irrigated dolly (1) and is travelled;Side shield (117) is fixed on chassis (115), lower baffle plate (118) is fixed on gear hub (103), side shield (117) both can coordinate with lower baffle plate (118) prevent irrigate dolly (1) depart from from track (7), can be with fixed connection shaft (105), keep the horizontality of brake wheel (116), make irrigation dolly (1) smoothly in the upper traveling of track (7);Irrigating the chassis (115) of dolly (1) below, respectively it is fixed with a wheel, wherein be connected with gear hub (103) for brake wheel (116), another is driven wheel (119), has side shield (117) and lower baffle plate (118) respectively in wheel parallel sides and downside;Being fixed with Irrigation shower head (114) on chassis upper gear hub (103) side, Irrigation shower head (114) is connected with aqueduct (9), can spray, in the moving process irrigating dolly (1), the greenbelt (6) that road is other;It is also equipped with agv controller (113) on dolly (1) irrigating, in agv controller (113), moisture sensor, comparator, single-chip microcomputer are installed, when humidity height, humistor diminishes, thus comparator generation high level signal is to single-chip microcomputer, thus controls supply lines (11) for irrigating dolly (1) power supply, corresponding, when humidity is the lowest, comparator can produce a low level signal to single-chip microcomputer, thus controls supply lines (11) for irrigating dolly (1) power supply;It is separately installed with a distance measuring sensor (107) at the forward and backward two ends irrigating dolly (1), when irrigating the edges at two ends that dolly (1) arrives greenbelt (6), agv controller (113) can control motor (102) reversion, makes irrigation dolly (1) reversely continue to travel to irrigate.
The underground water greenbelt irrigation system powered based on solar street light the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: described connecting shaft (105), bearing (108) and shaft coupling (109) specification, in the same size;Described drive bevel gear (104) and the specification of driven wheel of differential (106), size are completely the same, and the gear of drive bevel gear (104) is mutually twisted with the gear of driven wheel of differential (106).
The underground water greenbelt irrigation system powered based on solar street light the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described solar street light (2) is made up of solar panel (201), lampshade (202), lamp stand (203) and accumulator box (204);Wherein solar panel (201) daytime the solar energy of absorption is converted into electrical power storage in accumulator box (204);Accumulator box (204) is connected with irrigation dolly (1) and water pump (3) respectively by supply lines (11), and for irrigating dolly (1) and water pump (3) power supply, makes them properly functioning.
The underground water greenbelt irrigation system powered based on solar street light the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: water pump controller (31) is installed on described water pump (3), in water pump controller (31), moisture sensor is installed, comparator, single-chip microcomputer, when humidity height, humistor diminishes, thus comparator produces high level signal to single-chip microcomputer, thus control supply lines (11) and do not power for water pump (3), corresponding, when humidity is the lowest, comparator can produce a low level signal to single-chip microcomputer, thus controlling supply lines (11) is water pump (3) power supply.
The underground water greenbelt irrigation system powered based on solar street light the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described kerbstone (4) has emptied hollow groove (41) in the middle of longitudinally, and hollow groove (41) can allow Irrigation shower head (114) movable within;On the direction of greenbelt (6), there is the irrigation spout (42) of a rectangle at kerbstone (4), make Irrigation shower head (114) by irrigating spout (42), greenbelt (6) can be irrigated.
The underground water greenbelt irrigation system powered based on solar street light the most according to any one of claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that: described Irrigation shower head (114) uses rocker arm type irrigating spray head, ground water pressure is given Irrigation shower head (114) by aqueduct (9) by water pump (3), and Irrigation shower head (114) is by the effect rotary water jet of hydraulic pressure.
The underground water greenbelt irrigation system powered based on solar street light the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described aqueduct (9) is suspended on the hook of moveable hook (12) bottom by the way of intersection, can drive the movement of aqueduct (9) when irrigating dolly (1) and travelling, moveable hook (12) can be upper mobile at track (7) by the wheel from body.
CN201410668692.7A 2014-11-21 2014-11-21 A kind of underground water greenbelt irrigation system powered based on solar street light CN104429833B (en)

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CN106718691A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-31 周庆丁 A kind of watering system
CN106577177A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-04-26 韦迪文 Fixed-point watering system
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