CN104429722A - Multifunctional seedling cultivation bed based on plant characteristic spectrum LED illumination - Google Patents

Multifunctional seedling cultivation bed based on plant characteristic spectrum LED illumination Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104429722A
CN104429722A CN201410651140.5A CN201410651140A CN104429722A CN 104429722 A CN104429722 A CN 104429722A CN 201410651140 A CN201410651140 A CN 201410651140A CN 104429722 A CN104429722 A CN 104429722A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plant
spectrum
led illumination
spectrum led
light source
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CN201410651140.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104429722B (en
Inventor
刘银春
曹立
陈美香
武礼宾
刘东欣
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福建农林大学
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • A01G31/06Hydroponic culture on racks or in stacked containers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention relates to a multifunctional seedling cultivation bed based on plant characteristic spectrum LED illumination. The seedling cultivation bed is composed of a plant characteristic spectrum LED illumination light source, a nutrient solution conveying system or micro-spray irrigation system, an environment sensing system, a detachable combined multi-layer seedling cultivation bed body and a main control system. The suitable spectrum, light intensity and illumination time can be selected for varieties of plants to cultivate the plants. Meanwhile, heat of the plant characteristic spectrum LED illumination light source is transferred to the nutrient solution conveying system or micro-spray irrigation system through a heat exchange system and used for heating a nutrient solution so as to increase the utilization rate of heat energy. The seedling cultivation bed provides good conditions for plant seedling cultivation, is compact in structure and high in applicability, and can achieve high yields and high benefits.

Description

Based on the Multifunctional seedling culturing bed of plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Multifunctional seedling culturing bed based on plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination.
Background technology
Along with the rise of industrialized agriculture, in greenhouse, carry out nursery, light filling and environmental Kuznets Curves are very important.Plant is divided into sun plant, indeterminate plant and ombrophyte, and the demand of various plants for sunlight is different.Even same plant, each vegetative stage, also has its most suitable spectrum, intensity of illumination and periodicity of illumination.Plant is called the characteristic spectrum of this plant at different vegetative stages to the unique spectrum that the wavelength of light, the demand of intensity are formed.The efficiency that the research characteristic spectrum of plant and photoperiod thereof utilize light for understanding plant and rule significant, in addition, in order to ensure that the activity of specific nutrition liquid needs to carry out heating up to need the heat energy continued to provide in existing nursery, energy consumption is high, also needs to keep uniform temperature to prevent nutrient solution from freezing to room temperature and nutrient solution time especially in the winter time.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is exactly the reality for nursery in greenhouse, according to the characteristic spectrum of plant and photoperiod thereof and a kind of device designed.It can improve the availability of artificial light source to greatest extent, improves the economic benefit in the quality of nursery, land utilization rate and greenhouse.
Specific embodiment of the invention scheme is: a kind of Multifunctional seedling culturing bed based on plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination, comprise bracing frame, plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination light source and nutrient solution induction system or micro-sprinkler irrigation system, the seedling-cultivating tray that multilayer laterally mounts longitudinally is provided with in support frame as described above, described plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination light source is arranged in bracing frame between neighbouring seedling-cultivating tray, and described plant characteristics spectrum LED light source heat is passed to nutrient solution or micro-sprinkler irrigation system through a heat-exchange system.
Further, plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination light source and nutrient solution induction system or micro-sprinkler irrigation system comprise for standing reservoir container, are provided with the woven hose be connected with standing reservoir container outside support frame as described above.
Further, described plant characteristics spectrum LED light source is made up of the multiple LED be arranged in a LED lamp panel, described LED lamp panel top is provided with heat sink, described heat sink is provided with cover cap makes it form closed cooling chamber, the described cooling chamber other end is provided with the cooling water inlet other end connecting cooling water inlet pipe and is provided with the coolant outlet connecting cooling water outlet pipe, described coolant outlet is connected with a heat exchanger, and described heat exchanger is placed in standing reservoir container.
A kind of Multifunctional seedling culturing bed based on plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination according to claim 1,2 or 3, it is characterized in that: described plant characteristics spectrum LED light source is combined light source, described seedling-cultivating tray upper surface is provided with the light radiation intensity sensor towards plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination light source, general control system is provided with outside support frame as described above, described general control system is connected with LED and light radiation intensity sensor, with the environmental condition according to the suitable spectrum of the Object Selection of plant cultivation and growth thereof, spectrum, light intensity, light application time are controlled.
Further, described seedling-cultivating tray comprises an airtight pedestal, seedling-growing container is placed with in described pedestal, the transfusion arm with woven hose UNICOM is provided with above described seedling-growing container, described each layer transfusion arm is parallel with one another in woven hose, and described transfusion arm is provided with electric control pump and opens and closes to control the transfusion of transfusion arm.
Further, described LED lamp panel lower surface is provided with the shower nozzle be connected with woven hose towards seedling bed.
Further, described LED lamp panel two ends are fixedly connected with the collar, screw rod is provided with in support frame as described above, be provided with the internal thread that matches with screw rod in the described collar to form feed screw nut to form the LED integral elevating that feed screw nut makes multilayer, regulate LED lamp panel to the height on the highest blade face of plant thus the light intensity regulating special spectrum to drive.
Further, support frame as described above comprises biside plate and connects the fixing transverse slat on biside plate top, and described side plate and transverse slat are embedded with the liquid infusion tube for carrying nutrient solution, and described infusion tube is connected with transfusion arm or shower nozzle.
Further, described screw rod is by motor-driven rotation, and described motor and general control system are electrically connected.
Further, support frame as described above sidewall is provided with control display screen, and described control display screen is connected with general control system.
Compared with prior art, a kind of Multifunctional seedling culturing bed based on plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination of the present invention is made up of the multilayer seedling bed of plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination light source, nutrient solution induction system or micro-sprinkler irrigation system, context aware systems, Demountable combined-type and general control system, can cultivate according to the suitable spectrum of the Fruit variety of plant, light intensity, light application time, described plant characteristics spectrum LED light source heat makes LED light source heat be passed to nutrient solution or micro-sprinkler irrigation system for heating nutrient solution to improve the availability of heat energy through a heat-exchange system simultaneously.The present invention provides good condition for botanical seedling culturing, and compact conformation applicability is wide, can realize high-yield and high-efficiency benefit.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the front view schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the perspective view of the Multifunctional seedling culturing bed of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the Multifunctional seedling culturing bed LED light source heat conduction structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the Multifunctional seedling culturing bed LED light source structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the Multifunctional seedling culturing bed schematic side view of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the Multifunctional seedling culturing bed LED screw mandrel lifting structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the control system theory diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the stringer board structural representation with insulation construction of the embodiment of the present invention.
In figure: 10-bracing frame, 20-seedling-cultivating tray, 30-woven hose, 40-LED lamp plate, 50-heat sink, 60-light radiation intensity sensor, 70-controls display screen, 210-pedestal, 220-seedling-growing container, 310-nutrient solution reservoir vessel, 320-infuses arm, 410-LED lamp, 420-collar, 430-screw rod, 512-coolant outlet, 511-cooling water inlet.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention will be further described in detail.
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ 2, based on a Multifunctional seedling culturing bed for plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination, comprise plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination light source, nutrient solution induction system or micro-sprinkler irrigation system, context aware systems, the multilayer seedling bed of Demountable combined-type and general control system composition.
As shown in Figure 1, Multifunctional seedling culturing bed mainly comprises bracing frame 10, the seedling-cultivating tray 20 that multilayer laterally mounts longitudinally is provided with in support frame as described above, described plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination light source to be arranged in bracing frame between neighbouring seedling-cultivating tray, namely the top of every layer of seedling-cultivating tray is equipped with corresponding LED illumination light source, the light source of light source is made up of multiple monochromatic light, and by regulating each monochromatic intensity to form different spectrum, alternative spectrum can reach more than 4060.
The nutrient solution induction system of Multifunctional seedling culturing bed or micro-sprinkler irrigation system mainly comprise for standing reservoir container 310, are provided with the woven hose 30 be connected with standing reservoir container 310 outside support frame as described above 10.Described seedling-cultivating tray 20 comprises an airtight pedestal 210, seedling-growing container 220 is placed with in described pedestal 210, the transfusion arm 320 with woven hose UNICOM is provided with above described seedling-growing container 220, described each layer transfusion arm 320 is parallel with one another in woven hose 30, electric control pump is located at woven hose 30 place, opens and closes with the transfusion realizing each layer transfusion arm simultaneously.In addition, LED illumination is provided with the shower nozzle 330 be connected with woven hose towards seedling bed about below.
In the present embodiment, the bracing frame of plant characteristics spectrum LED light source can adopt large stretch of metallic plate manufacture or hollow tubular body as supporter, and support adopts hollow pipe manufacture, is wherein provided with liquid conveying hose, infusion tube is connected with transfusion arm 320 or shower nozzle 330, to carry plant nutrition liquid.
In the winter time or need nutrient solution heating state, the present embodiment devises a kind of heating mode realizing the comprehensive utilization of energy, makes LED light source heat be passed to nutrient solution or micro-sprinkler irrigation system LED light source heat through a heat-exchange system.
In the present embodiment, the program adopts having structure to realize, plant characteristics spectrum LED light source is made up of the multiple LED 410 be arranged in a LED lamp panel 40, described LED lamp panel 40 top is provided with heat sink 50, described heat sink 50 is provided with cover cap makes it form closed cooling chamber 510, the described cooling chamber other end is provided with cooling water inlet 511 other end connecting cooling water inlet pipe and is provided with the coolant outlet 512 connecting cooling water outlet pipe, described coolant outlet 512 is connected with a heat exchanger or radiator, described heat exchanger or radiator are placed in standing reservoir container 310, start to intake when cooling water inlet pipe and start the conversion that heat exchanger or radiator work can realize heat energy.
In the present embodiment, support frame as described above 10 comprises biside plate 110 and connects the fixing transverse slat 120 on biside plate top, described side plate and transverse slat are embedded with the liquid infusion tube for carrying nutrient solution, described infusion tube is connected with transfusion arm or shower nozzle, in order to realize can being incubated in infusion tube infusion process better, described biside plate 110 and fixing transverse slat 120 inwall are equipped with heat-insulation layer 111, and the material of described heat-insulation layer can be cotton or other complex heat-preservation materials.
In order to adjust the height of LED light source better, the present invention is fixedly connected with the collar 420 at LED lamp panel 40 two ends, screw rod 430 is provided with in support frame as described above, be provided with the internal thread matched with screw rod 430 in the described collar 420 and form feed screw nut, make the LED integral elevating of multilayer, regulate LED lamp panel to the height on the highest blade face of plant thus the light intensity regulating special spectrum to drive.
Seedling-cultivating tray 20 upper surface is provided with the light radiation intensity sensor 60 towards plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination light source, general control system is provided with outside support frame as described above 10, described general control system is connected with LED 410 and light radiation intensity sensor 60, with the environmental condition according to the suitable spectrum of the Object Selection of plant cultivation and growth thereof, spectrum, light intensity, light application time are controlled.User can according to cultivated Plant choosing corresponding plant characteristics spectrum and corresponding photoperiod, and by its input control device, such LED light source just can send corresponding spectrum, and controller can according to upgrowth situation automatically adjust light strength, the periodicity of illumination of plant.
In addition, described screw rod 430 is by motor-driven rotation, and described motor also can be electrically connected with general control system, and bracing frame 10 sidewall is provided with and controls display screen 70, and described control display screen is connected with general control system.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, all equalizations done according to the present patent application the scope of the claims change and modify, and all should belong to covering scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the Multifunctional seedling culturing bed based on plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination, it is characterized in that: comprise bracing frame, plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination light source and nutrient solution induction system or micro-sprinkler irrigation system, the seedling-cultivating tray that multilayer laterally mounts longitudinally is provided with in support frame as described above, described plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination light source is arranged in bracing frame between neighbouring seedling-cultivating tray, and described plant characteristics spectrum LED light source heat is passed to nutrient solution or micro-sprinkler irrigation system through a heat-exchange system.
2. a kind of Multifunctional seedling culturing bed based on plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination light source and nutrient solution induction system or micro-sprinkler irrigation system comprise for standing reservoir container, are provided with the woven hose be connected with standing reservoir container outside support frame as described above.
3. a kind of Multifunctional seedling culturing bed based on plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described plant characteristics spectrum LED light source is made up of the multiple LED be arranged in a LED lamp panel, described LED lamp panel top is provided with heat sink, described heat sink is provided with cover cap makes it form closed cooling chamber, the described cooling chamber other end is provided with the cooling water inlet other end connecting cooling water inlet pipe and is provided with the coolant outlet connecting cooling water outlet pipe, described coolant outlet is connected with a heat exchanger, described heat exchanger is placed in standing reservoir container.
4. a kind of Multifunctional seedling culturing bed based on plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination according to claim 1,2 or 3, it is characterized in that: described plant characteristics spectrum LED light source is combined light source, described seedling-cultivating tray upper surface is provided with the light radiation intensity sensor towards plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination light source, general control system is provided with outside support frame as described above, described general control system is connected with LED and light radiation intensity sensor, with the environmental condition according to the suitable spectrum of the Object Selection of plant cultivation and growth thereof, spectrum, light intensity, light application time are controlled.
5. a kind of Multifunctional seedling culturing bed based on plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described seedling-cultivating tray comprises an airtight pedestal, seedling-growing container is placed with in described pedestal, the transfusion arm with woven hose UNICOM is provided with above described seedling-growing container, described each layer transfusion arm is parallel with one another in woven hose, and described transfusion arm is provided with electric control pump and opens and closes to control the transfusion of transfusion arm.
6. a kind of Multifunctional seedling culturing bed based on plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described LED lamp panel lower surface is provided with the shower nozzle be connected with woven hose towards seedling bed.
7. a kind of Multifunctional seedling culturing bed based on plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described LED lamp panel two ends are fixedly connected with the collar, screw rod is provided with in support frame as described above, be provided with the internal thread that matches with screw rod in the described collar to form the LED integral elevating that feed screw nut makes multilayer, regulate LED lamp panel lamp plate to the height on the highest blade face of plant thus the light intensity regulating special spectrum to drive.
8. a kind of Multifunctional seedling culturing bed based on plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: support frame as described above comprises biside plate and connects the fixing transverse slat on biside plate top, described side plate and transverse slat are embedded with the flexible pipe for carrying nutrient solution, and described infusion tube is connected with transfusion arm or shower nozzle.
9. a kind of Multifunctional seedling culturing bed based on plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described screw rod is by motor-driven rotation, described motor is controlled by general control system, support frame as described above sidewall is provided with control display screen, and described control display screen is connected with general control system.
10. a kind of Multifunctional seedling culturing bed based on plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination according to claim 7, is characterized in that: described side plate and transverse slat inner surface are provided with asbestos heat-insulation layer.
CN201410651140.5A 2014-11-17 2014-11-17 Multifunctional seedling culturing bed based on plant characteristics spectrum LED illumination Active CN104429722B (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105052584A (en) * 2015-07-17 2015-11-18 福建农林大学 Multifactor adjustable intelligent plant culturing box and control method thereof
CN105075733A (en) * 2015-08-14 2015-11-25 成都佳美嘉科技有限公司 Illumination-enhanced multi-layer seedling culture box
CN105210840A (en) * 2015-10-15 2016-01-06 广州市力侬照明技术有限公司 Plant growth nutrient fluid circulation heat radiator
CN105248190A (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-01-20 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 Stereoscopic movable plant seedling culture device
CN105340599A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-02-24 重庆市农业科学院 Multilayered three-dimensional high-density planting experiment device and method
CN105918097A (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-09-07 东北师范大学 Ginseng cultivation system for experiments and application of ginseng cultivation system
CN106212111A (en) * 2016-07-30 2016-12-14 北京明和技研科技有限公司 A kind of plant factor system
CN109168763A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-01-11 合肥启迪农业发展有限公司 A kind of agricultural seedling growth device for raising seedlings
CN110500530A (en) * 2019-07-04 2019-11-26 浙江易鑫电子科技有限公司 A kind of multifunctional spectrum plant growth lamp
CN110679348A (en) * 2019-11-22 2020-01-14 中国农业科学院都市农业研究所 Plant cultivation frame with adjustable light source position

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105052584A (en) * 2015-07-17 2015-11-18 福建农林大学 Multifactor adjustable intelligent plant culturing box and control method thereof
CN105052584B (en) * 2015-07-17 2017-11-21 福建农林大学 A kind of multifactor adjustable intelligent plant incubator and its control method
CN105075733A (en) * 2015-08-14 2015-11-25 成都佳美嘉科技有限公司 Illumination-enhanced multi-layer seedling culture box
CN105210840B (en) * 2015-10-15 2017-11-14 广州市力侬照明技术有限公司 Plant growth nutrient fluid circulation heat radiator
CN105210840A (en) * 2015-10-15 2016-01-06 广州市力侬照明技术有限公司 Plant growth nutrient fluid circulation heat radiator
CN105248190A (en) * 2015-11-12 2016-01-20 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 Stereoscopic movable plant seedling culture device
CN105340599A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-02-24 重庆市农业科学院 Multilayered three-dimensional high-density planting experiment device and method
CN105340599B (en) * 2015-12-08 2018-09-18 重庆市农业科学院 Layer stereo high-density planting experimental provision and experimental method
CN105918097A (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-09-07 东北师范大学 Ginseng cultivation system for experiments and application of ginseng cultivation system
CN106212111A (en) * 2016-07-30 2016-12-14 北京明和技研科技有限公司 A kind of plant factor system
CN109168763A (en) * 2018-09-18 2019-01-11 合肥启迪农业发展有限公司 A kind of agricultural seedling growth device for raising seedlings
CN110500530A (en) * 2019-07-04 2019-11-26 浙江易鑫电子科技有限公司 A kind of multifunctional spectrum plant growth lamp
CN110679348A (en) * 2019-11-22 2020-01-14 中国农业科学院都市农业研究所 Plant cultivation frame with adjustable light source position

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