CN104429536B - A kind of cultural method controlling tomato root-knot eelworm - Google Patents

A kind of cultural method controlling tomato root-knot eelworm Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104429536B
CN104429536B CN201410745878.8A CN201410745878A CN104429536B CN 104429536 B CN104429536 B CN 104429536B CN 201410745878 A CN201410745878 A CN 201410745878A CN 104429536 B CN104429536 B CN 104429536B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
root
fructus lycopersici
lycopersici esculenti
plant
knot
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201410745878.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104429536A (en
Inventor
丁卓
桑毅振
胡永军
黄美丽
桑毅冲
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHOUGUANG NEW CENTURY SEED CO Ltd
Original Assignee
SHOUGUANG NEW CENTURY SEED CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHOUGUANG NEW CENTURY SEED CO Ltd filed Critical SHOUGUANG NEW CENTURY SEED CO Ltd
Priority to CN201410745878.8A priority Critical patent/CN104429536B/en
Publication of CN104429536A publication Critical patent/CN104429536A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104429536B publication Critical patent/CN104429536B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of cultural method controlling tomato root-knot eelworm, by innovation double concave type cultivation ridge, Tomato in Greenhouse special type cropping pattern is set, it is achieved biology lures collection and Biofumigation to organically combine, and reaches to control the purpose of root-knot nematode harm.The present invention does not the most use chemical pesticide, it is possible to effectively prevent and treat root-knot nematode, is substantially reduced the root knot index of Fructus Lycopersici esculenti, improves the yield of Fructus Lycopersici esculenti, consumes energy low, meet low-carbon (LC) theory.

Description

A kind of cultural method controlling tomato root-knot eelworm
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cultural method controlling tomato root-knot eelworm, belong to growing vegetables technical field.
Background technology
Root-knot nematode harm is one of main harm during Fructus Lycopersici esculenti crop production, can cause the Fructus Lycopersici esculenti underproduction More than 30%, even have no harvest.In recent years, the cultivated area of the vegetable at protected field such as China's heliogreenhouse constantly expands Greatly, heliogreenhouse is warm and humid suitably, adds long-term continuous cropping, causes root-knot nematode to increase the weight of year by year.And conventional preventing Control using of method substantially chemical pesticide, such as: lythidathion, dichlorvos, avilamycin, three chloromethanes Alkane etc., due to problems such as cost accounting are high, seriously polluted, can not meet the demand of modern agricultural development. The theories such as environmental protection, energy-conservation, low-carbon (LC) deepen continuously the popular feeling big situation under, Biological control is the most increasingly Paid attention to by people, especially after multiple chemical pesticide is limited the use of or disables.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is for problem above, it is provided that a kind of control tomato root-knot eelworm Cultural method, the method is by rationally arranging cropping pattern, it is achieved biology lures collection and the organic knot of Biofumigation Close, the most do not use chemical pesticide, can effectively prevent and treat root-knot nematode, consume energy low, meet low-carbon (LC) theory.
For solving above technical problem, the cultural method controlling tomato root-knot eelworm of the present invention, including following Step:
1) cultivation ridge is set: cultivation ridge is double concave type structure, is protruded band by 3 and 2 hollow zones form, Wide 100cm, middle protrusion bandwidth 30cm, 2 protrusion bandwidth of both sides are 20cm, protrude band high 20cm, 2 depression bandwidth are 15cm, the deep 15cm of hollow zone, adjacent 2 cultivation distance between the ridges 130cm;
By arranging double concave type cultivation ridge, create main cultivation crop Fructus Lycopersici esculenti and lure collection root-knot nematode plant or life Thing fumigates the good environment of plant interaction symbiosis, while can obtaining enough Biofumigation materials, and not shadow Ring Fructus Lycopersici esculenti normal growth to grow, the yield of Fructus Lycopersici esculenti will not be reduced.
2) field planting stubble in early spring Fructus Lycopersici esculenti: Fructus Lycopersici esculenti is single file list cave Plant colonization on cultivation ridge, and field planting is in centre Protruding on band, spacing in the rows 25cm, double dry trainings, 2 trunks of every strain Fructus Lycopersici esculenti with the protrusion band on cultivation ridge are Axis is V-shaped symmetrical, hangs down with the plane at 2 trunk places of every strain Fructus Lycopersici esculenti in the axis on cultivation ridge Directly;
Owing to using double concave type cultivation ridge plantation Fructus Lycopersici esculenti, virtually increase the line-spacing of Fructus Lycopersici esculenti, decrease The field planting strain number of Fructus Lycopersici esculenti, in order to not affect tomato yield, the trunk of Fructus Lycopersici esculenti uses the training of V-type double-rod, increases Fruitful branch quantity, and mutually will not shelter from heat or light because fruitful branch increases between branch and leaf, between plant, ventilation and penetrating light is good, Effectively photosynthetic area is big, and accumulation of photosynthate is many, and plant strain growth is healthy and strong, thus increases tomato yield.
3) sowing lures collection root-knot nematode plant: on the protrusion band of cultivation both sides, ridge, drilling lures collection root-knot nematode Plant, Fructus Lycopersici esculenti is pulled up seedlings first 60 days, collection root-knot nematode plant will be lured to extract with root, remove root, and root collection Middle destruction, overground part dries.
4) sowing Biofumigation plant: after luring collection root-knot nematode plant to pull out, at the protrusion of cultivation both sides, ridge Drilling Biofumigation plant on band.
5) 6-9 month Fructus Lycopersici esculenti results complete pull up seedlings after, by Biofumigation plant together with step 3) in lure collection root Tie lines worm aboveground vegetation part is crushed to 10-20mm and spreads fertilizer over the fields ground, ploughs deeply with rotary cultivator and mixes to 30-40cm Plough horizon, waters water saturates arable layer, afterwards covering with plastic film, takes off film after airtight 20-30 days after leveling, Plowed soils dry in the sun 2-3 days, can arrange lower stubble tomato planting after adding microbial-bacterial fertilizer in soil.
A kind of prioritization scheme, described in lure collection root-knot nematode Plant choosing Lettuce (Sonchus oieraeus L.). Lettuce easy infection root-knot nematode, with Fructus Lycopersici esculenti closely catch cropping, lures collection nematicide, forms a large amount of root knot at root After, pull out Lettuce, as far as possible root is all extracted, destroy root, reduce nematicide insect density.
Another kind of prioritization scheme, described Biofumigation Plant choosing kohlrabi (B.oleracea var. gongylodes).Kohlrabi is Cruciferae brassica plant, containing substantial amounts of sulfur glycosides (sulfur in its tissue For glucoside) class material, the myrosin that can be produced by self plant tissue in putrefaction process hydrolysis and Form the isothiocyanic acid lipid material that volatility is the strongest with killing livestock property.The action principle of isothiocyanic acid lipid material Predominantly destroying cell membrane and genome, suppression is breathed, thus suppresses or kill biology, has root-knot nematode Good preventive effect.
Another prioritization scheme, described cultivation ridge hollow zone arranges drip irrigation zone and waters for Fructus Lycopersici esculenti.By cultivation Ridge hollow zone waters, compared with the mode of watering of traditional broad irrigation, and the root-knot nematode that can will locally occur Control within the specific limits, to prevent root-knot nematode from spreading.
Use above technical scheme, compared with prior art, have the advantage that
(1) method of the present invention is by innovation cultivation ridge, ridge shape and intercropping pattern, with natural plants is Raw material, lures collection and Biofumigation to combine with biology, does not the most use chemical pesticide, consume energy low, meet Low-carbon (LC) theory.
(2) present invention not only this batch of Fructus Lycopersici esculenti is not endangered by root-knot nematode, and later continuous many batches of Fructus Lycopersici esculenties exist Do not endangered by root-knot nematode under the conditions of general planting.
(3) suitable application region of the present invention is wide, and simple to operate, use cost is low, and comprehensive benefit is notable, not only Can effectively prevent and treat root-knot nematode, it is also possible to strengthen soil fertility, improve Soil structure, improve the product of Fructus Lycopersici esculenti Amount, has bigger economy, society and ecological benefits.
Below in conjunction with detailed description of the invention, the invention will be further described.
Detailed description of the invention
Following example are used for illustrating the present invention, but are not limited to protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment
In a certain heliogreenhouse in Shouguang City of Shandong Province, the plantable area of this heliogreenhouse is 2 mu, divides equally It is five parts, 0.4 mu every part, and it is denoted as experimental plot 1, experimental plot 2, experimental plot 3, experimental plot 4 successively With experimental plot 5, continuously 3 batches of Fructus Lycopersici esculenties of plantation.Field planting on January 5 in 2013 first batch, carries out stubble life in early spring Produce.Wherein,
Experimental plot 1 is cultivated by the method processing 1;
Experimental plot 2 is cultivated by the method processing 2;
Experimental plot 3 is cultivated by the method processing 3;
Experimental plot 4 is cultivated by the method processing 4;
Experimental plot 5 is cultivated by the method processing 5.
Field planting on October 1 in 2013 second batch, carries out a batch tomato production of surviving the winter.Wherein,
Experimental plot 1 is cultivated by the method processing 6;
Experimental plot 2 is cultivated by the method processing 7;
Experimental plot 3 is cultivated by the method processing 8;
Experimental plot 4 is cultivated by the method processing 9;
Experimental plot 5 is cultivated by the method processing 10.
Field planting on May 5 in 2014 the 3rd batch, carries out more summer stubble tomato production.Wherein,
Experimental plot 1 is cultivated by the method processing 11;
Experimental plot 2 is cultivated by the method processing 12;
Experimental plot 3 is cultivated by the method processing 13;
Experimental plot 4 is cultivated by the method processing 14;
Experimental plot 5 is cultivated by the method processing 15.
One, first batch: tomato variety is Beethovan, for sense root-knot nematode type kind.
Process 1: by the inventive method cultivated tomato.
Arranging cultivation ridge before field planting, cultivation ridge is double concave type structure, is protruded band and 2 hollow zone groups by 3 Becoming, cultivate row spacing 100cm, wherein, middle protrusion bandwidth 30cm, 2 protrusion bandwidth of both sides are equal For 20cm, 3 protrude band height and are 20cm, and 2 depression bandwidth are 15cm, and 2 hollow zones are the most equal For 15cm, 1 drip irrigation zone is set in every hollow zone and waters for Fructus Lycopersici esculenti;Between adjacent 2 cultivation ridges Away from 130cm;Fructus Lycopersici esculenti is single file list cave Plant colonization on cultivation ridge, field planting on middle protrusion band, spacing in the rows 25cm, double dry trainings, 2 trunks of every strain Fructus Lycopersici esculenti are V-shaped right for axis with the protrusion band on cultivation ridge Claiming distribution, the axis on cultivation ridge is vertical with the plane at 2 trunk places of every strain Fructus Lycopersici esculenti;After Fructus Lycopersici esculenti field planting 1-2 days, on the protrusion band of cultivation both sides, ridge, drilling lured collection root-knot nematode plant Lettuce, Lettuce rice shoot Pressing spacing 3-5cm final singling during 3 leaf 1 heart, Fructus Lycopersici esculenti is pulled up seedlings first 60 days, is extracted with root by Lettuce, to the greatest extent may be used Old complaint all can be dug out, remove root, old complaint be concentrated and destroys, Lettuce overground part is dried simultaneously;Oil Wheat dish is pulled out latter 1-2 days, drilling Biofumigation plant kohlrabi again on the protrusion band of cultivation both sides, ridge, Spacing 8-10cm final singling is pressed during kohlrabi rice shoot 3 leaf 1 heart;After 6-9 month Fructus Lycopersici esculenti gathers in the crops complete pulling up seedlings, Kohlrabi is crushed to 10-20mm together with the aerial parts that Lettuce dries and spreads fertilizer over the fields ground, use rotary cultivator Plough deeply and mix to 30-40cm plough horizon, after leveling, water water saturates arable layer, afterwards covering with plastic film, will Mulch film periphery is compacted, and takes off film, plowed soils dry in the sun 2-3 days, add micro-in soil after airtight 20-30 days Bio-bacterial manure.
Process 2: do not plant and lure collection root-knot nematode plant, the same present invention of other measures
Arranging cultivation ridge before field planting, cultivation ridge is double concave type structure, is protruded band and 2 hollow zone groups by 3 Becoming, cultivate row spacing 100cm, wherein, middle protrusion bandwidth 30cm, 2 protrusion bandwidth of both sides are equal For 20cm, 3 protrude band height and are 20cm, and 2 depression bandwidth are 15cm, and 2 hollow zones are the most equal For 15cm, 1 drip irrigation zone is set in every hollow zone and waters for Fructus Lycopersici esculenti;Between adjacent 2 cultivation ridges Away from 130cm;Fructus Lycopersici esculenti is single file list cave Plant colonization on cultivation ridge, field planting on middle protrusion band, spacing in the rows 25cm, double dry trainings, 2 trunks of every strain Fructus Lycopersici esculenti are V-shaped right for axis with the protrusion band on cultivation ridge Claiming distribution, the axis on cultivation ridge is vertical with the plane at 2 trunk places of every strain Fructus Lycopersici esculenti;Before Fructus Lycopersici esculenti is pulled up seedlings 60 days, drilling Biofumigation plant kohlrabi on the protrusion band of cultivation both sides, ridge, kohlrabi rice shoot 3 Spacing 8-10cm final singling is pressed during leaf 1 heart;After 6-9 month Fructus Lycopersici esculenti gathers in the crops complete pulling up seedlings, kohlrabi is pulverized Spread fertilizer over the fields ground to 10-20mm, plough deeply with rotary cultivator and mix to 30-40cm plough horizon, water after leveling Water saturates arable layer, afterwards covering with plastic film, be compacted mulch film periphery, take off film, turn over after airtight 20-30 days Soil dry in the sun 2-3 days, adds microbial-bacterial fertilizer in soil.
Process 3: do not plant Biofumigation plant, not fumigating soil, the same present invention of other measures
Arranging cultivation ridge before field planting, cultivation ridge is double concave type structure, is protruded band and 2 hollow zone groups by 3 Becoming, cultivate row spacing 100cm, wherein, middle protrusion bandwidth 30cm, 2 protrusion bandwidth of both sides are equal For 20cm, 3 protrude band height and are 20cm, and 2 depression bandwidth are 15cm, and 2 hollow zones are the most equal For 15cm, 1 drip irrigation zone is set in every hollow zone and waters for Fructus Lycopersici esculenti;Between adjacent 2 cultivation ridges Away from 130cm;Fructus Lycopersici esculenti is single file list cave Plant colonization on cultivation ridge, field planting on middle protrusion band, spacing in the rows 25cm, double dry trainings, 2 trunks of every strain Fructus Lycopersici esculenti are V-shaped right for axis with the protrusion band on cultivation ridge Claiming distribution, the axis on cultivation ridge is vertical with the plane at 2 trunk places of every strain Fructus Lycopersici esculenti;After Fructus Lycopersici esculenti field planting 1-2 days, on the protrusion band of cultivation both sides, ridge, drilling lured collection root-knot nematode plant Lettuce, Lettuce rice shoot Pressing spacing 3-5cm final singling during 3 leaf 1 heart, Fructus Lycopersici esculenti is pulled up seedlings first 60 days, is extracted with root by Lettuce, to the greatest extent may be used Old complaint all can be dug out, remove root, old complaint be concentrated and destroys.After 6-9 month Fructus Lycopersici esculenti gathers in the crops complete pulling up seedlings, Plough deeply 30-40cm plough horizon with rotary cultivator, in soil, add microbial-bacterial fertilizer.
Process 4: arranging double concave type cultivation ridge, neither plantation lures collection root-knot nematode plant, does not the most plant plant and biology Stifling plant, not fumigating soil, other measure is identical with the present invention.
Arranging cultivation ridge before field planting, cultivation ridge is double concave type structure, is protruded band and 2 hollow zone groups by 3 Becoming, cultivate row spacing 100cm, wherein, middle protrusion bandwidth 30cm, 2 protrusion bandwidth of both sides are equal For 20cm, 3 protrude band height and are 20cm, and 2 depression bandwidth are 15cm, and 2 hollow zones are the most equal For 15cm, 1 drip irrigation zone is set in every hollow zone and waters for Fructus Lycopersici esculenti;Between adjacent 2 cultivation ridges Away from 130cm;Fructus Lycopersici esculenti is single file list cave Plant colonization on cultivation ridge, field planting on middle protrusion band, spacing in the rows 25cm, double dry trainings, 2 trunks of every strain Fructus Lycopersici esculenti are V-shaped right for axis with the protrusion band on cultivation ridge Claiming distribution, the axis on cultivation ridge is vertical with the plane at 2 trunk places of every strain Fructus Lycopersici esculenti.6-9 month kind After eggplant gathers in the crops complete pulling up seedlings, plough deeply 30-40cm plough horizon with rotary cultivator, in soil, add microorganism Bacterial manure.
Process 5: general planting method (compares)
By local vegetable grower's habituation implantation methods plantation.
Test method and data:
Before uprooting plants after their edible portions have been harvested, each processing mode takes 20 strain plant at random and grubs out out, respectively to root after cleaning with clear water The root knot in portion carries out classification, calculates root knot index.
Result of the test
Uprooting before uprooting plants after their edible portions have been harvested observation, it is the poorest that the root growth that the present invention processes and Routine control process also exist Different, process 1 well developed root system, fibrous root is many, and root is foresythia, processes 2, processes 3, process 4 and process 5 Fibrous root is few, and root appearance is faint yellow, and root system is covered with big root knot, and majority connects together, some formation daetylorhizs, Root system is substantially abnormal.
Being computed, processing 1 root knot index is 4.56, and processing 2 is 49.82, and processing 3 is 45.67, processes 4 is 65.28, and processing 5 root knot indexes is 83.15.Analysis of variance, process 1 with process 2, process 3, Between process process 4, process 5, difference is extremely notable, and it is poor to process between 2, process 3, process 4 and process 5 Different significantly, process 2 and to process difference between 3 the most notable.
It addition, after Fructus Lycopersici esculenti results, calculate the yield in each experimental plot, processing 1 yield is 9782.9kg/ mu, Processing 2 yield is 8327.5kg mu, and processing 3 yield is 8425.8kg mu, and processing 4 yield is 8169.1kg Mu, processing 5 yield is 7529.3kg mu, processes and 1 relatively processes 2, processes 3, processes 4, processes 5 Per mu yield has been respectively increased 17.5%, 16.1%, 19.8%, 29.9%.
Two, second batch: tomato variety is Beethovan, for sense root-knot nematode type kind.
Process 6: on the experimental plot 1 after first batch of results, implantation methods plants Fructus Lycopersici esculenti routinely.
Process 7: on the experimental plot 2 after first batch of results, implantation methods plants Fructus Lycopersici esculenti routinely.
Process 8: on the experimental plot 3 after first batch of results, implantation methods plants Fructus Lycopersici esculenti routinely.
Process 9: on the experimental plot 4 after first batch of results, implantation methods plants Fructus Lycopersici esculenti routinely.
Process 10: on the experimental plot 5 after first batch of results, implantation methods plants Fructus Lycopersici esculenti routinely.
Test method and data:
Before uprooting plants after their edible portions have been harvested, each process takes 20 strain plant at random and grubs out out, respectively to root after cleaning with clear water Root knot carries out classification, calculates root knot index.
Result of the test
Uprooting before uprooting plants after their edible portions have been harvested observation, the root growth of different disposal also exists notable difference, processes 6 well developed root systems, Fibrous root is many, and root is foresythia;Processing 7 root systems more flourishing, fibrous root is more, and root is foresythia;Process 8, Process 9, to process 10 fibrous roots few, and root appearance is faint yellow, and root system is covered with big root knot, and majority connects together, Some formation daetylorhizs, root system is substantially abnormal.
Being computed, processing 6 root knot indexes is 0;Processing 7 knot indexes is 1.52;Processing 8 root knot indexes is 72.59;Processing 9 root knot indexes is 81.03;Processing 10 root knot indexes is 85.27.Divide difference analysis, process 6, process difference between 7 and process 8, process 9, process 10 extremely notable, process between 6 and process 7 Significant difference, processes difference between 8, process 9 and process 10 the most notable.
It addition, after Fructus Lycopersici esculenti results, calculate the yield in each experimental plot, processing 6 yield is 11957.4kg/ mu; Processing 7 yield is 11054.2kg/ mu;Processing 8 yield is 9087.5kg/ mu;Processing 9 yield is 9145.2kg/ Mu;Processing 10 yield is 8831.7kg/ mu, processes and 6 relatively processes 7, processes 8, processes 9, processes 10 It is respectively increased 8.2%, 31.6%, 30.8%, 35.4%.
Three, the 3rd batch: tomato variety is hundred profits, for sense root-knot nematode type kind.
Process 11: on the experimental plot 1 after second batch of results, implantation methods plants Fructus Lycopersici esculenti routinely.
Process 12: on the experimental plot 2 after second batch of results, implantation methods plants Fructus Lycopersici esculenti routinely.
Process 13: on the experimental plot 3 after second batch of results, implantation methods plants Fructus Lycopersici esculenti routinely.
Process 14: on the experimental plot 4 after second batch of results, implantation methods plants Fructus Lycopersici esculenti routinely.
Process 15: on the experimental plot 5 after second batch of results, implantation methods plants Fructus Lycopersici esculenti routinely.
Test method and data:
Before uprooting plants after their edible portions have been harvested, each process takes 20 strain plant at random and grubs out out, respectively to root after cleaning with clear water Root knot carries out classification, calculates root knot index.
Result of the test
Uprooting before uprooting plants after their edible portions have been harvested observation, the root growth of different disposal also exists notable difference, processes 11 root systems and sends out Reaching, fibrous root is many, and root is foresythia;Processing 12 root systems more flourishing, fibrous root is more, and root is foresythia;Place Reason 13, process 14, to process 15 fibrous roots few, root appearance is faint yellow, and root system is covered with big root knot, Duo Shuolian Together, some formation daetylorhizs, root system is substantially abnormal.
Being computed, processing 11 root knot indexes is 1.42;Processing 12 root knot indexes is 5.25;Process 13 Knot index is 81.12;Processing 14 root knot indexes is 85.47;Processing 15 root knot indexes is 89.66, processes 11, between process 12 and process 13, process 14, process 15, difference is extremely notable, process 11 and process 12 Between significant difference, process 13, process 14, to process difference between 15 the most notable.
It addition, after Fructus Lycopersici esculenti results, calculate the yield in each experimental plot, processing 11 tomato yields is 7601.4kg/ Mu;Processing 12 tomato yields is 7082.7kg/ mu;Processing 13 tomato yields is 5029.5kg/ mu;Process 14 tomato yields are 5126.8kg/ mu;Processing 15 tomato yields is 4833.4kg/ mu, processes 11 and relatively processes 12, process 13, process 14, process 15 have been respectively increased 7.3%, 51.1%, 48.3%, 57.3%.

Claims (4)

1. the cultural method controlling tomato root-knot eelworm, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
1) cultivation ridge is set: cultivation ridge is double concave type structure, protruded band by 3 and 2 hollow zones form, whole cultivation row spacing 100cm, middle protrusion bandwidth 30cm, 2 protrusion bandwidth of both sides are 20cm, protrude band height 20cm, and 2 depression bandwidth are 15cm, the deep 15cm of hollow zone, adjacent 2 cultivation distance between the ridges 130cm;
2) field planting stubble in early spring Fructus Lycopersici esculenti: Fructus Lycopersici esculenti is single file list cave Plant colonization on cultivation ridge, field planting is on middle protrusion band, and spacing in the rows 25cm, double dry trainings, 2 trunks of every strain Fructus Lycopersici esculenti are V-shaped symmetrical for axis with the protrusion band on cultivation ridge;
3) sowing lures and collects root-knot nematode plant: on the protrusion band of cultivation both sides, ridge, drilling lures collection root-knot nematode plant, and Fructus Lycopersici esculenti is pulled up seedlings first 60 days, collection root-knot nematode plant will be lured to extract with root, remove root, and root is concentrated destruction, and overground part dries;
4) sowing Biofumigation plant: after luring collection root-knot nematode plant to pull out, drilling Biofumigation plant on the protrusion band of cultivation both sides, ridge;
5) after 6-9 megathermal period in month Fructus Lycopersici esculenti gathers in the crops complete pulling up seedlings, by Biofumigation plant together with step 3) luring collection root-knot nematode aboveground vegetation part be crushed to 10-20mm and spread fertilizer over the fields ground, mixing is ploughed deeply to 30-40cm plough horizon with rotary cultivator, water saturates arable layer is watered after leveling, covering with plastic film afterwards, take off film, plowed soils dry in the sun 2-3 days after airtight 20-30 days, after adding microbial-bacterial fertilizer in soil, arrange lower stubble plantation.
The cultural method of control tomato root-knot eelworm the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that lure described in: and integrate root-knot nematode plant as Lettuce.
The cultural method of control tomato root-knot eelworm the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Biofumigation plant is kohlrabi.
The cultural method of control tomato root-knot eelworm the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described cultivation ridge hollow zone arranges drip irrigation zone, for watering to Fructus Lycopersici esculenti.
CN201410745878.8A 2014-12-08 2014-12-08 A kind of cultural method controlling tomato root-knot eelworm Active CN104429536B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410745878.8A CN104429536B (en) 2014-12-08 2014-12-08 A kind of cultural method controlling tomato root-knot eelworm

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410745878.8A CN104429536B (en) 2014-12-08 2014-12-08 A kind of cultural method controlling tomato root-knot eelworm

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104429536A CN104429536A (en) 2015-03-25
CN104429536B true CN104429536B (en) 2016-08-24

Family

ID=52876901

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410745878.8A Active CN104429536B (en) 2014-12-08 2014-12-08 A kind of cultural method controlling tomato root-knot eelworm

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104429536B (en)

Families Citing this family (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105993497A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-10-12 寿光市永盛种子有限公司 Rootstock-use pumpkin mesh room seed production method
CN105940930A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-09-21 胡永军 A sunlight greenhouse seed production method for loofahs
CN105993920A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-10-12 寿光市新世纪种苗有限公司 Method for planting tomatoes in net house
CN105993494A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-10-12 寿光市新世纪种苗有限公司 Biological trapping method for controlling colored bell pepper root-knot nematode
CN105993921A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-10-12 寿光市新世纪种苗有限公司 Method for planting tomatoes in sunlight greenhouse
CN105960997A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-09-28 寿光市永盛种子有限公司 Biological luring and trapping control and prevention method for color pepper root-knot nematode
CN105960996A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-09-28 胡永军 Method for preventing and controlling towel gourd root-knot nematode through biological trapping
CN105940929A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-09-21 胡永军 A method of preventing and controlling bitter gourd root-knot nematodes through biological trapping
CN105993917A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-10-12 胡永军 Method for preparing seeds in small-sized wax gourd net room
CN105993919A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-10-12 新世纪种苗有限公司 Seed production method of peppers in solar greenhouse
CN105917949A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-09-07 胡永军 Biological trapping method for controlling and preventing root-knot nematodes of towel gourds
CN106035057A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-10-26 胡永军 Zucchini net room seed production method
CN105917947A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-09-07 胡永军 Method for preventing root-knot nematodes of wax gourds through biological trapping
CN105993730A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-10-12 胡永军 Method for controlling and preventing meloidogyne spp. of Cucurbita pepo by biological trapping
CN106034595A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-10-26 胡永军 Method for root-knot nematodes of bitter gourds by biological trapping as prevention and control means
CN105940928A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-09-21 胡永军 A method of preventing and controlling melon root-knot nematodes through biological trapping
CN105917948A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-09-07 胡永军 Method for controlling and preventing root-knot nematodes of cucurbita pepo through biological trapping
CN105900670A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-08-31 胡永军 Method for controlling summer squash root-knot nematode through biological trapping
CN106035056A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-10-26 胡永军 Method for producing seeds of rootstock-used pumpkins in solar greenhouse
CN105993918A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-10-12 胡永军 Loofah net house seed production method
CN105961188A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-09-28 胡永军 Net house seed production method for bitter gourds
CN105993492A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-10-12 胡永军 Bitter gourd root-knot nematode biological trapping control method
CN105993496A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-10-12 寿光市新世纪种苗有限公司 Tomato root-knot nematode biological trapping control method
CN106034873A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-10-26 寿光市新世纪种苗有限公司 Seed preparation method for cucumber net room
CN106034596A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-10-26 胡永军 Method for cucumber root-knot nematodes by biological trapping as prevention and control means
CN105875169A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-08-24 寿光市永盛种子有限公司 Method for preventing cucumber root-knot nematode by biological trapping
CN105993495A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-10-12 寿光市新世纪种苗有限公司 Biological trapping method for controlling tomato root-knot nematode
CN105960998A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-09-28 寿光市科园春种业有限公司 Biological trapping controlling and preventing method for cucumber root-knot nematode
CN106034822A (en) * 2016-05-29 2016-10-26 寿光市永盛种子有限公司 Seed preparation method for heliogreenhouse of cucumbers
CN106305103A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-01-11 梁文涛 Cultivation method for reducing root-knot nematodes of tomatoes
CN106165611A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-11-30 岑健 A kind of Folium Allii tuberosi, Fructus Lycopersici esculenti and the method for Chinese cabbage interplanting cultivation
CN106376342A (en) * 2016-09-07 2017-02-08 淮南市农康农业科技有限公司 Method for planting pure natural tomatoes
CN107439218A (en) * 2017-09-22 2017-12-08 何振贤 The method for integrated control of warmhouse booth Organic cucumber root knot nematode disease
CN107810804A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-03-20 福建省农业科学院亚热带农业研究所 A kind of method of biological prevention and control okra root-knot nematode
CN110583385A (en) * 2019-08-30 2019-12-20 贵州省果树科学研究所 Prevention and treatment method for dragon fruit anthracnose

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101438657A (en) * 2008-12-12 2009-05-27 贵州省烟草公司遵义市公司 Fire-cured tobacco cultivation technique mode by concave double-ridge plastic membrane mulching during whole breeding season
CN101743814A (en) * 2008-12-02 2010-06-23 孙刚 Nuisanceless cultivation method of winter-spring cultivation tomato in sunlight greenhouse
CN102511262A (en) * 2011-11-29 2012-06-27 江苏徐淮地区淮阴农业科学研究所 Rice filed and upland field rotation method for prevention and treatment of cucumber root-knot nematodes
CN102612937A (en) * 2012-01-06 2012-08-01 谢勇 Method for controlling Angelica sinensis root-knot nematode by marigold interplanting
CN102919085A (en) * 2012-08-07 2013-02-13 曹景丰 Natural control method for continuous cropping diseases and root knot nematodes of greenhouse fruit and vegetables
CN103039224A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-04-17 北京依科曼生物技术有限公司 Planting pattern for preventing and treating cucumber root-knot nematode through intercropping
CN103039223A (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-04-17 山东省烟台市农业科学研究院 Accompanying cultivation method for green prevention and control of vegetable root knot nematode disease
CN103782770A (en) * 2014-01-27 2014-05-14 内蒙古田野餐桌现代农业有限责任公司 Method for green planting of greenhouse tomatoes

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7615689B2 (en) * 2004-02-12 2009-11-10 Seminis Vegatable Seeds, Inc. Methods for coupling resistance alleles in tomato

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101743814A (en) * 2008-12-02 2010-06-23 孙刚 Nuisanceless cultivation method of winter-spring cultivation tomato in sunlight greenhouse
CN101438657A (en) * 2008-12-12 2009-05-27 贵州省烟草公司遵义市公司 Fire-cured tobacco cultivation technique mode by concave double-ridge plastic membrane mulching during whole breeding season
CN102511262A (en) * 2011-11-29 2012-06-27 江苏徐淮地区淮阴农业科学研究所 Rice filed and upland field rotation method for prevention and treatment of cucumber root-knot nematodes
CN102612937A (en) * 2012-01-06 2012-08-01 谢勇 Method for controlling Angelica sinensis root-knot nematode by marigold interplanting
CN102919085A (en) * 2012-08-07 2013-02-13 曹景丰 Natural control method for continuous cropping diseases and root knot nematodes of greenhouse fruit and vegetables
CN103039223A (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-04-17 山东省烟台市农业科学研究院 Accompanying cultivation method for green prevention and control of vegetable root knot nematode disease
CN103039224A (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-04-17 北京依科曼生物技术有限公司 Planting pattern for preventing and treating cucumber root-knot nematode through intercropping
CN103782770A (en) * 2014-01-27 2014-05-14 内蒙古田野餐桌现代农业有限责任公司 Method for green planting of greenhouse tomatoes

Non-Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
席先梅等.不同土壤处理剂对设施蔬菜黄瓜根结线虫防治技术研究.《植物保护》.2013,第39卷(第3期),第186~189页. *
张红玲等.北方温室蔬菜根结线虫病的发生与综合防治.《蔬菜》.2010,(第6期),第14~16页. *
李林等.保护地蔬菜根结线虫的综合防治.《中国蔬菜》.2004,(第6期),第54~56页. *
种植诱集植物对土壤中根结线虫种群数量的影响;杜蕙等;《中国蔬菜》;20111015(第20期);第84~87页 *
蔬菜根结线虫病发生危害及综合防治技术研究进展;白全江等;《内蒙古农业科技》;20120420(第2期);第70~72页 *
蔬菜根结线虫病无公害防治技术研究的新进展;李英梅等;《中国农学通报》;20080705;第24卷(第7期);第369~374页 *
蔬菜根结线虫病的发生及综合防治技术;应芳卿等;《现代农业科技》;20090620(第12期);第108~109页 *
蔬菜根结线虫的综合防治;卢志军等;《中国蔬菜》;20110701(第13期);26~28页 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104429536A (en) 2015-03-25

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104429536B (en) A kind of cultural method controlling tomato root-knot eelworm
CN104521484B (en) A kind of cultural method preventing tomato root-knot eelworm
CN105340514B (en) A kind of drought lotus root volume increase improves the efficient cultivation method of content of starch
CN103004449B (en) Cultivation and management method of organic cotton
CN105103919A (en) Method for planting potatoes in dry land in all-film mulching ridging micro-furrow mode
CN106386153A (en) Rapid high-yield culture technique for typhonium giganteum
CN103460939B (en) The implantation methods that the no-tillage drought resisting of winter rape of a kind of nonirrigated farmland is cold-resistant
CN103238435B (en) Method for constructing cotton population structure of jujube and cotton intercropping drip irrigation cotton field in Xinjiang
CN105165360A (en) Bletilla striata cultivation method
CN104782366A (en) Standardized planting method for bletilla striata
CN105393742A (en) Open field ginger large-area seed propagation cultivation method
CN105830687B (en) A kind of organic tea cultural method
CN101040584A (en) Manual and normative planting technology and continuous using method of akebia trifoliate
CN106416888A (en) Planting method for organic tea intercropping
CN104106354A (en) Cinnamomum bodinieri seedling culturing technique
CN105532237A (en) Standardization planting technology of cold-highland-area aconitum vilmorimianum kom
CN103503688A (en) Artificial cultivation method for traditional Chinese medicine himalayan teasel root
CN101946601A (en) Alternate cultivation technique of konjac and corn
CN106613186A (en) High-yield planting method of paris polyphylla
CN102893786B (en) Paddy-upland rotation culture method for strawberries and water chestnuts
CN102132655A (en) Planting method of radix clematidis
CN102870641A (en) Breeding method for honey plum
CN105960976A (en) Early sowing potato planting method
CN105010055B (en) A kind of implantation methods of colored rice
CN104488643A (en) Method for cultivating Paris polyphylla through walnut forest lands

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Ding Zhuo

Inventor after: Sang Yizhen

Inventor after: Hu Yongjun

Inventor after: Huang Meili

Inventor after: Sang Yichong

Inventor before: Sang Yizhen

Inventor before: Hu Yongjun

Inventor before: Huang Meili

Inventor before: Sang Yichong

COR Change of bibliographic data
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model