CN104423052A - 3d Image Display Device - Google Patents

3d Image Display Device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104423052A
CN104423052A CN201410334085.7A CN201410334085A CN104423052A CN 104423052 A CN104423052 A CN 104423052A CN 201410334085 A CN201410334085 A CN 201410334085A CN 104423052 A CN104423052 A CN 104423052A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parallax grating
those
image
driver
comes
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Granted
Application number
CN201410334085.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104423052B (en
Inventor
林明彦
李侃儒
秦寿仑
张钧胜
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Zhangjiagang Kangdexin Optronics Material Co Ltd
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Zhangjiagang Kangdexin Optronics Material Co Ltd
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Priority to TW102132216 priority Critical
Priority to TW102132216A priority patent/TWI515458B/en
Application filed by Zhangjiagang Kangdexin Optronics Material Co Ltd filed Critical Zhangjiagang Kangdexin Optronics Material Co Ltd
Publication of CN104423052A publication Critical patent/CN104423052A/en
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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B30/00Optical systems or apparatus for producing three-dimensional [3D] effects, e.g. stereoscopic images
    • G02B30/20Optical systems or apparatus for producing three-dimensional [3D] effects, e.g. stereoscopic images by providing first and second parallax images to an observer's left and right eyes
    • G02B30/26Optical systems or apparatus for producing three-dimensional [3D] effects, e.g. stereoscopic images by providing first and second parallax images to an observer's left and right eyes of the autostereoscopic type
    • G02B30/27Optical systems or apparatus for producing three-dimensional [3D] effects, e.g. stereoscopic images by providing first and second parallax images to an observer's left and right eyes of the autostereoscopic type involving lenticular arrays
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N13/00Stereoscopic video systems; Multi-view video systems; Details thereof
    • H04N13/30Image reproducers
    • H04N13/302Image reproducers for viewing without the aid of special glasses, i.e. using autostereoscopic displays
    • H04N13/307Image reproducers for viewing without the aid of special glasses, i.e. using autostereoscopic displays using fly-eye lenses, e.g. arrangements of circular lenses
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N13/00Stereoscopic video systems; Multi-view video systems; Details thereof
    • H04N13/30Image reproducers
    • H04N13/302Image reproducers for viewing without the aid of special glasses, i.e. using autostereoscopic displays
    • H04N13/31Image reproducers for viewing without the aid of special glasses, i.e. using autostereoscopic displays using parallax barriers

Abstract

The present invention discloses a 3D image display device. The device is mainly composed of a display screen element, a parallax barrier element and a lens array element. The parallax barrier element and the lens array element possess the effects of equivalent visual separation, a multi-scene synthetic image displayed by the display screen element can generate the consistent optimal viewing distance and optimal viewing point, thereby simultaneously improving the low brightness and high shadow problems generated by the conventional single scene separation device, and realizing the purpose of displaying the 3D images best.

Description

A kind of 3D image display
Technical field
The invention provides a kind of device of 3D image display, mainly this parallax grating structure and this Lenticular structure are integrated, to improve the problem that single what comes into a driver's tripping device in the past produces simultaneously, reach the object of best 3D image display.
Background technology
Existing naked depending on 3D image display (Auto-Stereoscopic Display) technology be generally use by parallax grating (Parallax Barrier) or lens arra (Lenticular LensArray, hereinafter referred to as Lenticular) many what comes into a driver's tripping device (Multi-ViewSeparation Device) of forming, to show a naked 3D image looked.So-called many what comes into a driver's, refer to total what comes into a driver's number be greater than, equal 2 what comes into a driver's number.Wherein, the 3D image that the many what comes into a driver's image tripping device be made up of this parallax grating presents generally has the feature of low ghost (Ghost Image), low-light level; The 3D image that the many what comes into a driver's tripping device be made up of this Lenticular presents then has the feature of high ghost, high brightness.That is for presenting of 3D image, these two kinds of existing apparatus all cannot meet the demand of low ghost and high brightness simultaneously.
As Fig. 1 does the structural representation of existing vertical stripe parallax grating.The shading element 10a that this vertical stripe (Vertical Strip) parallax grating structure 10 has a vertical stripe feature by multiple, to form with the translucent element 10b of multiple tool vertical stripe feature.The horizontal width of this single shading element 10a and this single translucent element 10b is respectively this single shading element 10a and this single translucent element 10b forms the cellular construction of a parallax grating, and has the width PB of a cellular construction, is shown below:
P B = B + B ‾ - - - ( 1 )
According to TaiWan, China patent application case numbers 98128986, should there is following relation:
B ‾ = ( n - 1 ) B - - - ( 2 )
Wherein, n is total what comes into a driver's number.
Be illustrated in figure 2 the structural representation of existing inclination strip parallax grating.This inclination strip (Slantwise Strip) parallax grating structure 11 is made up of the shading element 11a of multiple tool inclination strip feature and the translucent element 11b of multiple tool inclination strip feature.The horizontal width of this single shading element 11a and this single translucent element 11b is respectively and all there is a tilt angle theta.This single shading element 11a and this single translucent element 11b forms the cellular construction of a parallax grating, and has the width PB of a cellular construction, wherein, this PB, between B, also have such as formula the relation shown in (1) ~ (2).
Be illustrated in figure 3 the schematic diagram of parallax grating structure and what comes into a driver's centrifugation relation.Below, for the display of 3D image, for double vision scape (2-View), the relation of parallax grating and what comes into a driver's centrifugation (View Separation Function) is described.
The double vision scape resultant image 1 on general screen (not shown) is shown in for one, before this parallax grating 10,11 is installed on this double vision scape resultant image 1 with the distance of LB (hereinafter referred to as LB for mounting distance), for carrying out what comes into a driver's separation to this parallax grating 10,11, distance Z can be viewed and admired in the best 0multiple best views (Optimum Viewin Point, OVP) OVP (L) on (Optimum Viewing Distance, OVD), OVP (R) place, present single what comes into a driver's image L, R respectively.Wherein, this double vision scape resultant image 1, by an a left what comes into a driver's image L and right what comes into a driver's shadow R, is formed with vertical interlaced or the staggered mode that tilts.
Lay respectively at for the audience on this best view OVP (L), OVP (R) for left eye 2, right eye 3, the left eye 2 of this audience, right eye 3 can watch single what comes into a driver's image L, the R a pair with parallax effect respectively.So this audience can watch a 3D image.The details such as the design of the principle that this left and right image is separated, the synthesis of what comes into a driver's image, parallax grating and Lenticular structure, please read TaiWan, China patent application case numbers 101135830 in detail.Herein, be clear present above-mentioned each display structure and the relation of viewing and admiring relevant position, set a coordinate system XYZ, and make that this X-axis is set in horizontal direction, Y-axis is set in vertical direction, Z axis is then to set perpendicular to this 3D structural plane 10,11.
Be the schematic diagram of existing inclination Lenticular Structure composing as shown in figures 4-6.Wherein, Fig. 4 is 3D schematic diagram, and Fig. 5 is upper schematic diagram, and Fig. 6 is schematic side view.
This inclination Lenticular20 is made up of multiple inclination column shape lens 21, the lens that these single column shape lens 21 has focal distance f by one, form with cellular construction width PL, and with a tilt angle theta, repeated arrangement this this single column shape lens 21 in the horizontal direction, to form this integral inclined Lenticular20.In addition, in season during tilt angle theta=0, a vertical Lenticular structure (without icon, below and represent with same figure number 20) can be formed.Wherein, f ~ 2r, r are the radius forming this single column shape lens 21 circular surface 22.
Be illustrated in figure 7 the schematic diagram of Lenticular structure and what comes into a driver's centrifugation relation.Be shown in the double vision scape resultant image 1 on general screen (not shown) for one, by the what comes into a driver's centrifugation of this Lenticular20, distance Z can be viewed and admired in the best 0on multiple best view OVP (L), OVP (R) place present single what comes into a driver's image L, R respectively.Wherein, this double vision scape resultant image 1 is made up of with vertical interlaced or the mode that tilts to interlock an a left what comes into a driver's image L and right what comes into a driver's shadow R.Lay respectively at for the audience on this best view OVP (L), OVP (R) for left eye 2, right eye 3, the left eye 2 of this audience, right eye 3 can watch single what comes into a driver's image L, the R a pair with parallax effect respectively.So this audience can watch a 3D image.
As in this patent 101135830 above-mentioned carry, when parallax grating structure and Lenticular structure have following relation, can have equivalent what comes into a driver's be separated effect.
f=LB (3)
PL=PB (4)
As shown in Figure 8, so-called equivalent what comes into a driver's centrifugation, refer to when this parallax grating structure 10,11 and Lenticular structure 20, when meeting the relation of formula (3) ~ (4), for same double vision scape 3D resultant image 1, this parallax grating structure 10,11 and Lenticular structure 20, can view and admire distance Z in same the best 0upper same this best view OVP (L), OVP (R) place, provide this left what comes into a driver's image L, this right what comes into a driver's shadow R respectively, that is, to this 3D resultant image 1, provide the effect that same what comes into a driver's is separated, to reach the object of display 3D image.
As mentioned above, use respectively parallax grating or Lenticular show one naked look 3D image time, the 3D image that this parallax grating presents generally has the feature of low ghost, low-light level; For the 3D image presented by this Lenticular, then there is the feature of high ghost, high brightness.That is for presenting of 3D image, these two kinds of existing devices all cannot meet the demand of low ghost and high brightness simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned disappearance, the invention discloses a kind of 3D image display, being made up of an indicator screen element, a parallax grating element and a lens array element (Lenticular element), wherein, this indicator screen element is in order to show the resultant image of what comes into a driver's more than; This parallax grating element is used for carrying out what comes into a driver's separation to this many what comes into a driver's resultant image; This lens array element, for carrying out what comes into a driver's separation to this many what comes into a driver's resultant image; This parallax grating element and this Lenticular element have the effect that equivalent what comes into a driver's is separated, consistent the best can be produced for the resultant image of what comes into a driver's more than shown by this indicator screen element to view and admire distance and view and admire a little with the best, to improve the problem of low-light level that in the past single what comes into a driver's tripping device produces and high ghost simultaneously, reach the object of best 3D image display.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display, wherein this indicator screen element is a liquid crystal display, a plasma scope, an organic light emitting diode display or a light emitting diode indicator, and the secondary pixel of this indicator screen element is the arrangement mode of vertical stripe, mosaic, triangular shape or Pentile.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display, wherein this indicator screen element is made up of a rear projection screen and a projector.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display; wherein this parallax grating element is made up of a transparent base, a parallax grating structure and a transparent protective film; this parallax grating vibrational power flow is in a surface of this transparent base, and this transparent protective film is covered in this parallax grating structure.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display, wherein this lens array element is made up of multiple column shape lens.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display, wherein this transparent base is made up of a clear glass of a plate-like structure or an acryl.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display, wherein this parallax grating structure is made up of multiple shading element and multiple translucent element, those shading elements and those translucent elements have vertical stripe or inclination strip architectural feature, wherein, the horizontal width of single shading element and single translucent element is respectively and forming a parallax grating cellular construction by this single shading element and this single translucent element, the cell width of this parallax grating cellular construction is PB, and has relation, wherein, n forms total what comes into a driver's number of this many what comes into a driver's resultant image; In addition, before this parallax grating structure is arranged at this indicator screen element with a mounting distance LB, for carrying out what comes into a driver's separation to this many what comes into a driver's resultant image, specificly viewing and admiring distance with viewing and admiring in one and locate to show 3D image.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display, wherein those shading elements and those translucent elements are replicated in the one side of this transparent base by the accurate processing procedure of a photoetch, a relief printing plate transfer printing and an intaglio plate transfer printing.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display, wherein the production method of those shading elements and those translucent elements is in the one side of this transparent base, be first coated with one deck alternatively non-transparent film, one laser engraving machine of recycling technique of counterpoint and tool precision positioning, for this alternatively non-transparent film, and correspond to the position of those translucent elements, hollow out this alternatively non-transparent film at this place, to complete the making of those translucent elements.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display, wherein the material of this transparent protective film is silicon dioxide.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display, for those column shape lens of institute's device in this lens array element, wherein, single column shape lens have a vertical stripe or an inclination list structure, and these single column shape lens comprise one round lens surface, these single column shape lens focal length be f, and the lens cell structure width of these single column shape lens be PL; In addition, those column shape lens carry out what comes into a driver's separation for this many what comes into a driver's resultant image before being installed on this indicator screen element with a mounting distance f, specificly view and admire distance with viewing and admiring in one and locate to show 3D image.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display, wherein this lens array element is made by volume to volume roll printing processing procedure or hot padding processing procedure.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display, wherein, this lens cell structure width has the relation of PL=PB.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display, the device sequence for this 3D image display institute composed component is sequentially this indicator screen element of device, this parallax grating element and this lens array element.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display, wherein, this lens array element is that the processing procedure of being fitted by contraposition is arranged on this transparent protective film of this parallax grating element.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display, wherein, those column shape lens on this lens array element are directly be made on this transparent protective film of this parallax grating element by hot padding processing procedure.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display, wherein the focal distance f of those column shape lens is slightly larger than the mounting distance LB of this parallax grating structure.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display, the device sequence of this 3D image display institute composed component is this indicator screen element of device, this lens array element and this parallax grating element successively.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display; wherein; this lens array element and this parallax grating element are by the circular surface of those column shape lens and the transparent protective film of this parallax grating element in the mode of closely pasting, integral with a fixed mechanism device by a pair hyte dress.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display, wherein, this lens array element and this parallax grating element are by a photoetch processing procedure, the light shield that a black photoresistance film is fixed in first coating on the circular surface of those column shape lens, recycling has this parallax grating structure, this photoresistance film is exposed, operation of developing, produce those shading elements and those translucent elements to copy; Finally, then cover this transparent protective film, to complete the installing of this parallax grating element.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display, wherein, this lens array element and this parallax grating element are for carve processing procedure by precise laser, the fixing one deck alternatively non-transparent film of first coating on the circular surface of those column shape lens, the color of this alternatively non-transparent film can by black, white, silver color formed, one laser engraving machine of recycling technique of counterpoint and tool precision positioning, for this alternatively non-transparent film, and correspond to the existing place of the plurality of translucent element, hollow out this alternatively non-transparent film at this place, to complete the making of the plurality of translucent element, namely the installing of this parallax grating structure is completed.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display, wherein, the mounting distance LB of this parallax grating structure is slightly larger than the focal distance f of those column shape lens.
The invention discloses a kind of 3D image display, wherein, keeping under the condition that this cellular construction width PB is constant, by changing the horizontal width of those shading elements and those translucent elements improve this lens array element produce the phenomenon of ghost and improve the brightness of this parallax grating element, its horizontal width change condition, as shown in the formula expression:
P B = B ′ + B ‾ ′ = B + B ‾ ;
And make
B'> B and
Wherein, be respectively the horizontal width of those shading elements and those translucent elements after changing.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of existing vertical stripe parallax grating;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of existing inclination strip parallax grating;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of parallax grating structure and what comes into a driver's centrifugation relation;
Fig. 4 ~ 6 are the schematic diagram of existing inclination Lenticular structure;
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of Lenticular structure and what comes into a driver's centrifugation relation;
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram of equivalent what comes into a driver's centrifugation;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of one embodiment of the invention;
Figure 10 is the structural representation of another embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 11 is parallax grating component arrangement process schematic.
Description of reference numerals: 1-double vision scape resultant image; 2-left eye; 3-right eye; 10-vertical stripe parallax grating structure; 10a, 11a-shading element; 10b, 11b-translucent element; 11-inclination strip parallax grating structure; 20-Lenticular; 21-column shape lens; 30-indicator screen; 40-3D display device; 50-indicator screen element; 60-parallax grating element; 61-transparent base; 62-parallax grating structure; 62a-shading element; 62b-translucent element; 63-transparent protective film; The film of 64-black photoresistance film, alternatively non-transparent; 70-Lenticular element; 71-column shape lens; 72-column shape lens circular surface; The total what comes into a driver's number of n-; shading element horizontal width; B, B'-translucent element horizontal width; θ-angle of inclination; LB-mounting distance; The width of PB-parallax grating cellular construction; Z 0-the best views and admires distance; OVP (L), OVP (R)-best view; The left what comes into a driver's image of L-; The right what comes into a driver's shadow of R-; The f-column shape focal length of lens; The width of PL-column shape lens cell structure; The radius of r-column shape lens circular surface; X, Y, Z-coordinate system.
Embodiment
Be illustrated in figure 9 the structural representation of one embodiment of the invention.This 3D image display 40, Yian dress succession, formed primarily of indicator screen element 50, parallax grating element 60 and a Lenticular element 70.
Wherein, this indicator screen element 50 can be made up of existing indicator screens such as liquid crystal display, plasma scope, Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) display, light emitting diode (LED) displays, and this screen there is color sub picture element arrangement can be arranged by known vertical stripe, mosaic, triangular shape and Pentile etc. and formed, in order to show the resultant image of what comes into a driver's more than (non-icon).
This parallax grating element 60 is made up of transparent base 61, parallax grating structure 62 and a transparent protective film 63.Wherein, this transparent base 61 is made up of the clear glass of a plate-like structure or acryl (PMMA), and this plate-like structure then has the surface evenness of height.
This parallax grating structure 62 is installed in the one side of this transparent base 61, is made up of multiple shading element 62a and multiple translucent element 62b.As shown in Fig. 1 ~ 2, those shading elements 62a and those translucent elements 62b can have vertical stripe or inclination strip architectural feature, and its horizontal width is respectively and there is cellular construction width PB, should between relation such as formula shown in (1) ~ (2); In addition, before this parallax grating structure 62 is installed on this this indicator screen element 50 with a mounting distance LB, for carrying out what comes into a driver's separation to this many what comes into a driver's resultant image, to show 3D image.
In addition, for the making of this parallax grating structure 62 by accurate processing procedures such as photoetch, relief printing plate transfer printing, intaglio plate transfer printings, those shading elements 62a and those translucent elements 62b can be replicated in the one side of this transparent base 61.In addition, also can in the one side of this transparent base 61, first be coated with the film (not shown) of one deck alternatively non-transparent, the laser engraving machine (not shown) of recycling technique of counterpoint and a tool precision positioning, for this alternatively non-transparent film, and correspond to the existing place of the plurality of translucent element 62b, hollow out this alternatively non-transparent film at this place, to complete the making of the plurality of translucent element 62b, the making of this parallax grating structure 62 can be completed.
Afterwards; again those shading elements 62a and those translucent elements 62b is covered to the diaphragm 63 of layer of transparent; as silicon dioxide (SiO2) film, to prevent the coming off and the impact of isolated environment, as humidity of those shading elements 62a and those translucent elements 62b.
This Lenticular element 70 is made up of multiple column shape lens 71, and wherein, single column shape lens 71 have vertical stripe or inclination strip architectural feature, and its focal length is f, and cellular construction width is PL.For this focal distance f and cellular construction width PL, it is made to have formula (3) ~ (4), to reach equivalent what comes into a driver's centrifugation.In fact, for the structure of element storehouse as shown in Figure 9, this Lenticular element 70 is because having a little thickness, and in the optical design of reality, the focal distance f of those column shape lens is slightly larger than the mounting distance LB of this parallax grating structure.
In addition, for the making of this Lenticular element 70, by volume to volume (Roll-to-Roll) roll printing processing procedure or hot padding processing procedure, to produce an independent element, then by contraposition laminating processing apparatus on this parallax grating element 60; Or by hot padding processing procedure, to be directly made on the transparent protective film 63 of this parallax grating element 60.
Be the structural representation of another embodiment of the present invention as shown in Figure 10.Substantially, this embodiment has the structure same with a upper embodiment, and only setting position is different.This 3D image display 40, Yian dress succession, formed primarily of indicator screen element 50, Lenticular element 70 and a parallax grating element 60.Wherein, this Lenticular element 70 is respectively an independent element with this parallax grating element 60, has the structure same with a upper embodiment and makes processing procedure, and having equivalent what comes into a driver's centrifugation between the two.Difference is that the transparent protective film 63 of circular surface 72 and this parallax grating element 60 of those column shape lens 71 is in the mode of closely pasting; by contraposition assembling and fixed mechanism (not shown), by integral with this parallax grating element 60 device for this Lenticular element 70.
In addition, as shown in figure 11, for this parallax grating element 60 device, by photoetch processing procedure, on the circular surface 72 of those column shape lens 71, first be coated with a black photoresistance film 64, light shield that recycling has this parallax grating structure 62 exposes this photoresistance 64, operation of developing, i.e. reproducible generation those shading elements 62a and those translucent elements 62b; Finally cover this transparent protective film 63 again, this parallax grating element 60 device can be completed.
In addition, also by the processing procedure of precise laser engraving, on the circular surface 72 of those column shape lens 71, first be coated with the film 64 of one deck alternatively non-transparent, the laser engraving machine (not shown) of recycling technique of counterpoint and a tool precision positioning, for this alternatively non-transparent film 64, and correspond to the existing place of the plurality of translucent element 62b, hollow out this alternatively non-transparent film 64 at this place, to complete the making of the plurality of translucent element 62b, the device of this parallax grating structure 62 can be completed.
In addition, it is made to have formula (3) ~ (4) for this focal distance f and cellular construction width PL, to reach equivalent what comes into a driver's centrifugation.In fact, for the structure of element storehouse as shown in Figure 10, the transparent protective film 63 in this parallax grating element 60, because having a little thickness, in the optical design of reality, the mounting distance LB of this parallax grating structure is slightly larger than focal distance f.
In addition, for those shading elements 62a described in above two embodiments and those translucent elements 62b, its effect, except being separated for equivalent what comes into a driver's, also has the effect of aperture.That is, keeping under the condition that this cellular construction width PB is constant, by changing the horizontal width of those shading elements 62a and those translucent elements 62b such as:
P B = B ′ + B ‾ ′ = B + B ‾ - - - ( 5 )
And make
B'> B and
Wherein, the horizontal width of those shading elements 62a and those translucent elements 62b for a change, can reach improve simultaneously this Lenticular element 70 produce the phenomenon of ghost and improve the object of this parallax grating element 60 brightness.So, the problem of low-light level that in the past single what comes into a driver's tripping device produces and high ghost can be improved simultaneously, reach the object of best 3D image display.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, when can not with the scope implemented of restriction the present invention, the equalization change namely generally done according to the claims in the present invention scope with modify, all should still belong in protection scope of the present invention.Such as, this indicator screen in the embodiment of the present invention can also rear projection screen and projector replace; In addition, for the structure of this parallax grating structure and these Lenticular column shape lens, also can be made up of the tilt structure of trellis (Slantwise Step) feature of tool; In addition, for the making of this parallax grating structure and these Lenticular column shape lens, other technologies can also make generation, such as, can by the technology of equivalent what comes into a driver's centrifugation disclosed in this invention by liquid crystal processing procedure, this parallax grating structure and this Lenticular column shape lens are integrated into a liquid-crystal apparatus, except reaching aforementioned the proposed effect of the present invention, also can switch between 2D and 3D image; In addition, for this alternatively non-transparent film, the use of its color, is non-ly only limited to black, also can be made up of white, silver color and other colors.

Claims (23)

1. a 3D image display, is characterized in that, comprising:
One indicator screen element, in order to show the resultant image of what comes into a driver's more than;
One parallax grating element, for carrying out what comes into a driver's separation to this many what comes into a driver's resultant image; And
One lens array element, for carrying out what comes into a driver's separation to this many what comes into a driver's resultant image;
This parallax grating element described and this lens array element have the what comes into a driver's centrifugation of equivalence.
2. 3D image display as claimed in claim 1, wherein this indicator screen element is a liquid crystal display, a plasma scope, an organic light emitting diode display or a light emitting diode indicator, and the secondary pixel of this indicator screen element is the arrangement mode of vertical stripe, mosaic, triangular shape or Pentile.
3. 3D image display as claimed in claim 1, wherein this indicator screen element is made up of a rear projection screen and a projector.
4. 3D image display as claimed in claim 1; wherein this parallax grating element is made up of a transparent base, a parallax grating structure and a transparent protective film; this parallax grating vibrational power flow is in a surface of this transparent base, and this transparent protective film is covered in this parallax grating structure.
5. 3D image display as claimed in claim 1, wherein this lens array element is made up of multiple column shape lens.
6. 3D image display as claimed in claim 4, wherein this transparent base is made up of a clear glass of a plate-like structure or an acryl.
7. 3D image display as claimed in claim 4, wherein this parallax grating structure is made up of multiple shading element and multiple translucent element, those shading elements and those translucent elements have vertical stripe or inclination strip architectural feature, wherein, the horizontal width of single shading element and single translucent element is respectively and forming a parallax grating cellular construction by this single shading element and this single translucent element, the cell width of this parallax grating cellular construction is PB, and has relation, wherein, n forms total what comes into a driver's number of this many what comes into a driver's resultant image; In addition, before this parallax grating structure is arranged at this indicator screen element with a mounting distance LB, for carrying out what comes into a driver's separation to this many what comes into a driver's resultant image, specificly viewing and admiring distance with viewing and admiring in one and locate to show 3D image.
8. 3D image display as claimed in claim 7, wherein those shading elements and those translucent elements are replicated in the one side of this transparent base by the accurate processing procedure of a photoetch, a relief printing plate transfer printing and an intaglio plate transfer printing.
9. 3D image display as claimed in claim 7, wherein the production method of those shading elements and those translucent elements is in the one side of this transparent base, be first coated with one deck alternatively non-transparent film, one laser engraving machine of recycling technique of counterpoint and tool precision positioning, for this alternatively non-transparent film, and correspond to the position of those translucent elements, hollow out this alternatively non-transparent film at this place, to complete the making of those translucent elements.
10. 3D image display as claimed in claim 4, wherein the material of this transparent protective film is silicon dioxide.
11. 3D image displays as claimed in claim 7, for those column shape lens of institute's device in this lens array element, wherein, single column shape lens have a vertical stripe or an inclination list structure, and the lens cell structure width that these single column shape lens comprises a round lens surface, the focal length of these single column shape lens is f and these single column shape lens is PL; In addition, those column shape lens carry out what comes into a driver's separation for this many what comes into a driver's resultant image before being installed on this indicator screen element with a mounting distance f, specificly view and admire distance with viewing and admiring in one and locate to show 3D image.
12. 3D image displays as claimed in claim 5, wherein this lens array element is made by volume to volume roll printing processing procedure or hot padding processing procedure.
13. 3D image displays as claimed in claim 11, wherein, this lens cell structure width has the relation of PL=PB.
14. 3D image displays as claimed in claim 1, the device sequence for this 3D image display institute composed component is sequentially this indicator screen element of device, this parallax grating element and this lens array element.
15. 3D image displays as claimed in claim 14, wherein, this lens array element is that the processing procedure of being fitted by contraposition is arranged on this transparent protective film of this parallax grating element.
16. 3D image displays as claimed in claim 14, wherein, those column shape lens on this lens array element are directly be made on this transparent protective film of this parallax grating element by hot padding processing procedure.
17. 3D image displays as claimed in claim 14, wherein the focal distance f of those column shape lens is slightly larger than the mounting distance LB of this parallax grating structure.
18. 3D image displays as claimed in claim 1, the device sequence of this 3D image display institute composed component is this indicator screen element of device, this lens array element and this parallax grating element successively.
19. 3D image displays as claimed in claim 18; wherein; this lens array element and this parallax grating element are by the circular surface of those column shape lens and the transparent protective film of this parallax grating element in the mode of closely pasting, integral with a fixed mechanism device by a pair hyte dress.
20. 3D image displays as claimed in claim 18, wherein, this lens array element and this parallax grating element are by a photoetch processing procedure, the light shield that a black photoresistance film is fixed in first coating on the circular surface of those column shape lens, recycling has this parallax grating structure, this photoresistance film is exposed, operation of developing, produce those shading elements and those translucent elements to copy; Finally, then cover this transparent protective film, to complete the installing of this parallax grating element.
21. 3D image displays as claimed in claim 18, wherein, this lens array element and this parallax grating element are for carve processing procedure by precise laser, the fixing one deck alternatively non-transparent film of first coating on the circular surface of those column shape lens, the color of this alternatively non-transparent film can by black, white, silver color formed, one laser engraving machine of recycling technique of counterpoint and tool precision positioning, for this alternatively non-transparent film, and correspond to the existing place of the plurality of translucent element, hollow out this alternatively non-transparent film at this place, to complete the making of the plurality of translucent element, namely the installing of this parallax grating structure is completed.
22. 3D image displays as claimed in claim 17, wherein, the mounting distance LB of this parallax grating structure is slightly larger than the focal distance f of those column shape lens.
23. 3D image displays as claimed in claim 7, wherein, keeping under the condition that this cellular construction width PB is constant, by changing the horizontal width of those shading elements and those translucent elements improve this lens array element produce the phenomenon of ghost and improve the brightness of this parallax grating element, its horizontal width change condition, as shown in the formula expression:
P B = B ′ + B ‾ ′ = B + B ‾ ;
And make
B'> B and
Wherein, be respectively the horizontal width of those shading elements and those translucent elements after changing.
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