CN104410544B - Ethernet Circle method of testing and device - Google Patents

Ethernet Circle method of testing and device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104410544B
CN104410544B CN201410669413.9A CN201410669413A CN104410544B CN 104410544 B CN104410544 B CN 104410544B CN 201410669413 A CN201410669413 A CN 201410669413A CN 104410544 B CN104410544 B CN 104410544B
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China
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test
data stream
central point
test data
instrumentation
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CN201410669413.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104410544A (en
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徐天略
孙冉
刘玉良
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中国联合网络通信集团有限公司
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of Ethernet Circle method of testing and device, wherein method includes:In branch point corresponding to Ethernet Private Line to be tested, test instrumentation is set, one static routing is set on the central point router that ether convergence mouth is connected, and the static routing is used to destination address pointing to test instrumentation for the next-hop of the test data stream of the first IP address;Test data stream of the test instrumentation to central point router sending destination location for the first IP address, and receive the test data stream of central point router loopback, the test data stream that test instrumentation is returned according to the test data stream and central point router of transmission, determine the test index of Ethernet Private Line to be tested, without setting two test instrumentations and two test instrumentations being configured, testing cost is low, and testing efficiency is high.

Description

Ethernet Circle method of testing and device

Technical field

The present invention relates to communication technical field, more particularly to a kind of Ethernet Circle method of testing and device.

Background technology

At present, client generally carries out networking using point-to-multipoint mode, i.e. a plurality of Ethernet of the multiple branch points of client is special The congruence is connected to the same ether convergence mouth of central point with central point router.Client is setting up private network using Ethernet Private Line Before, operator needs to use instrument to carry out index test, such as throughput, the packet loss of test Ethernet Private Line to Ethernet Private Line Rate, time delay and back-to-back value etc..

In the prior art, the intelligent loopback test scheme of three layers of generally use to carry out index test to Ethernet Private Line, i.e., One ether port of setting on central point router is connect in ether convergence mouth, for connecting a test instrumentation, while is being divided Fulcrum connects another test instrumentation, and above-mentioned two test instrumentations are configured.Test philosophy is:The test of branch point connection Data flow is sent to the test instrumentation of central point router connection, central point route according to configuration by instrument by Ethernet Private Line The test instrumentation that the test instrumentation of device connection connects data flow backtracking to branch point according to configuration, by changing what is sent The parameters such as the flow of data flow, the parameters and central point of the data flow that the test instrumentation connected according to branch point is sent out The parameters of the data flow of router feedback, test the ginsengs such as throughput, packet loss, time delay and back-to-back value of Ethernet Private Line Number.

However, in the prior art, three layers of intelligent loopback test scheme are needed respectively in the central point route of ether convergence mouth Test instrumentation is set on device and branch point, two test instrumentations are configured, the test of an Ethernet Private Line could be completed Task, testing cost is high, and testing efficiency is low.

The content of the invention

The present invention provides a kind of Ethernet Circle method of testing and device, for solving testing cost height in the prior art, The problem of testing efficiency is low.

The first aspect of the invention is to provide a kind of Ethernet Circle method of testing, including:

The test instrumentation that branch point corresponding to the Ethernet Private Line to be tested is connected according to default test table to The central point router that too convergence mouth is connected sends test data stream, is carried in the test data stream:Destination address;It is described Destination address is the first IP address;

The test instrumentation receives the test data stream of the central point router loopback, the test data stream of the loopback The test data stream returned for the central point router according to static routing;It is that the static routing, which is used for destination address, The next-hop of the test data stream of one IP address points to the test instrumentation;

The corresponding survey that the test instrumentation returns according to each test data stream of transmission and the central point router Data flow is tried, determines the test index of the Ethernet Private Line to be tested.

The second aspect of the invention provides a kind of Ethernet Circle method of testing, including:

Central point router receives test data stream of the test instrumentation according to transmitted by default test table, the test number According to being carried in stream:Destination address;The destination address is the first IP address;The test instrumentation and Ethernet Private Line pair to be tested The branch point connection answered;

The test data stream is returned to the test instrumentation by the central point router according to static routing;It is described quiet State is route for destination address to be pointed into the test instrumentation for the next-hop of the test data stream of the first IP address, so that described Test instrumentation is according to each test data stream for being sent to the central point router, and the central point router returns Corresponding test data stream, determine the test index of the Ethernet Private Line to be tested.

The third aspect of the invention provides a kind of test instrumentation, including:

Sending module, the central point router for being connected according to default test table to ether convergence mouth send test Data flow, carry in the test data stream:Destination address;The destination address is the first IP address;The test instrumentation with Branch point corresponding to Ethernet Private Line to be tested connects;

Receiving module, for receiving the test data stream of the central point router loopback, the test data of the loopback Flow the test data stream returned for the central point router according to static routing;The static routing is used for destination address The next-hop of the test data stream of first IP address points to the test instrumentation;

Determining module, each test data stream and the central point router for being sent according to the sending module return The corresponding test data stream returned, determine the test index of the Ethernet Private Line to be tested.

The fourth aspect of the invention provides a kind of central point router, including:

Receiving module, for receiving test data stream of the test instrumentation according to transmitted by default test table, the test Carried in data flow:Destination address;The destination address is the first IP address;The test instrumentation and Ethernet Private Line to be tested Corresponding branch point connection;

Sending module, for the test data stream to be returned into the test instrumentation according to static routing;The static state It route for destination address to be pointed into the test instrumentation for the next-hop of the test data stream of the first IP address, so that the survey Instrument is tried according to each test data stream for being sent to the central point router, and pair that the central point router returns The test data stream answered, determine the test index of the Ethernet Private Line to be tested.

In the present invention, by setting test instrumentation in branch point corresponding to Ethernet Private Line to be tested, mouth is converged in ether One static routing is set on the central point router connected, and it is the first IP address that the static routing, which is used for destination address, Test data stream next-hop point to test instrumentation;The test instrumentation to central point router sending destination location be first The test data stream of IP address, and receive the test data stream of central point router loopback so that test instrumentation can be according to hair The test data stream that the test data stream and central point router sent returns, determines that the test of Ethernet Private Line to be tested refers to Mark, without setting two test instrumentations and two test instrumentations being configured, testing cost is low, testing efficiency It is high.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the flow chart of Ethernet Circle method of testing one embodiment provided by the invention;

The central point router that Fig. 2 is connected by test instrumentation to ether convergence mouth sends the schematic diagram of test data stream;

Fig. 3 is the flow chart of another embodiment of Ethernet Circle method of testing provided by the invention;

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of test instrumentation one embodiment provided by the invention;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of central point router one embodiment provided by the invention.

Embodiment

To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In accompanying drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is Part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art The every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.

Fig. 1 is the flow chart of Ethernet Circle method of testing one embodiment provided by the invention, as shown in figure 1, including:

101st, the test instrumentation that branch point corresponding to Ethernet Private Line to be tested is connected according to default test table to The central point router that too convergence mouth is connected sends test data stream, is carried in test data stream:Destination address;Destination address For the first IP address.

The executive agent of Ethernet Circle method of testing provided by the invention is test instrumentation, the test instrumentation with it is to be measured Branch point corresponding to examination Ethernet Private Line is connected.Test instrumentation is used to test the circuits such as Ethernet Private Line, to solve The network most common failures such as network is obstructed, network speed is slow, packet loss, IP address conflict, malicious attack, it is ensured that network is unobstructed.

Wherein, the central point router that test instrumentation is connected according to default test table to ether convergence mouth sends test Before data flow, Ethernet Circle method of testing can also include:Test instrumentation sends ping orders to central point router;If Test instrumentation does not receive the response signal of central point router return, it is determined that Ethernet Private Line to be tested is in failure shape State.If test instrumentation receives the response signal of central point router return, it is determined that Ethernet Private Line to be tested is unimpeded, can be with Tested.

Specifically, the central point router that test instrumentation is connected to ether convergence mouth sends the schematic diagram of test data stream Can be with as shown in Fig. 2 the central point router that test instrumentation is connected by Ethernet Private Line to be tested to ether convergence mouth be sent out Send test data stream, in Fig. 2, the IP address of test instrumentation is IPz, and the IP address of central point router is IPa.Test instrumentation arrives The direction of arrow of central point router represents test instrumentation and sends test data stream to central point router, and central point router arrives The direction of arrow of test instrumentation represents central point router and returns to test data stream to test instrumentation.

102nd, test instrumentation receives the test data stream of central point router loopback, point centered on the test data stream of loopback The test data stream that router returns according to static routing;Static routing is used for the test number for the first IP address by destination address Test instrumentation is pointed to according to the next-hop of stream.

Wherein, the setting of central point router side static routing, and the setting of the IP address of tester table side first, can be with It is configured after being consulted by the tester of tester table side with the client of central point router side.

Pass through the setting of static routing in above-described embodiment, it is possible to reduce the survey required in Ethernet Circle test process The quantity of instrument is tried, reduces the participation of tester, it also avoid needing when central point router side carries out test instrumentation setting To be solved safely, the problems such as divulging a secret, reduce the cost of Ethernet Circle test, improve the effect of Ethernet Circle test Rate.

Further, static routing can be also used for the next-hop for the test data stream of other IP address by destination address Point to other test instrumentations, if Ethernet Private Line to be tested have it is multiple, can be corresponding to each Ethernet Private Line to be tested Branch point connects a test instrumentation respectively, and sets an IP address for each test instrumentation, set each test instrumentation to Central point router sends destination address during test data stream, is the survey transmitted by each test instrumentation in central point router Static routing corresponding to data flow setting is tried, static routing is used for the next-hop sensing pair of the destination address in test data stream The test instrumentation answered, multiple Ethernet Private Lines are tested so as to realize, further improve Ethernet Circle test Efficiency.

103rd, the corresponding test number that test instrumentation returns according to each the test data stream and central point router of transmission According to stream, the test index of Ethernet Private Line to be tested is determined.

Wherein, test index can specifically include:Throughput, packet loss, time delay and back-to-back value etc..What throughput referred to It is, in the case of not packet loss, maximum data flow that Ethernet Private Line to be tested can forward.It is corresponding, gulped down to measure Rate is told, test instrumentation can be adjusted according to default test table to the flow of test data stream, be obtained under not packet drop The flow of test data stream.

Packet loss refers to that under certain load the packet for failing to be forwarded due to being deficient in resources is accounted for and turned The percentage of the number-of-packet of hair.Corresponding, in order to measure packet loss, test instrumentation can be according to default test table to test The quantity of packet is adjusted in data flow.

Time delay refers to the transmission duration of packet in test data stream, i.e. packet is received by central point router Time and the difference for sending the time.The maximum speed that back-to-back value refers to test instrumentation can be generated, send certain The packet of length, and constantly change the number of data packets once sent, until Ethernet Private Line can forward all hairs completely The quantity of packet during the packet sent, reflection be Ethernet Private Line processing bursty data ability.

In the present embodiment, by setting test instrumentation in branch point corresponding to Ethernet Private Line to be tested, converged in ether One static routing is set on the central point router that mouth is connected, and it is the first IP address that static routing, which is used for destination address, The next-hop of test data stream points to test instrumentation;Test instrumentation to central point router sending destination location be the first IP address Test data stream, and receive the test data stream of central point router loopback so that test instrumentation can be according to the survey of transmission The test data stream of data flow and the return of central point router is tried, determines the test index of Ethernet Private Line to be tested, so as to Two test instrumentations need not be set and two test instrumentations are configured, testing cost is low, and testing efficiency is high.

Fig. 3 is the flow chart of another embodiment of Ethernet Circle method of testing provided by the invention, as shown in figure 3, bag Include:

301st, central point router receives test data stream of the test instrumentation according to transmitted by default test table, tests number According to being carried in stream:Destination address;Destination address is the first IP address;Test instrumentation branch corresponding with Ethernet Private Line to be tested Point connection.

Router is put centered on the executive agent of Ethernet Circle method of testing provided by the invention, is properly termed as converging again Router.Central point route implement body and is connected with ether convergence mouth.

Wherein, before central point router receives the test data stream that test instrumentation is sent, central point router can be with Receive the ping orders that test instrumentation is sent, and corresponding response signal returned into test instrumentation, so as to test instrumentation according to Whether the response signal is received to determine whether Ethernet Private Line to be tested is unimpeded, if can be tested.

302nd, test data stream is returned to test instrumentation by central point router according to static routing;Static routing is used for will Destination address points to test instrumentation for the next-hop of the test data stream of the first IP address, so that during test instrumentation is according to being sent to Each test data stream of heart point router, and the corresponding test data stream that central point router returns, are determined to be tested The test index of Ethernet Private Line.

Wherein, multiple static routing can be provided with central point router, each static routing can be with a test Instrument is corresponding, i.e., each static routing can be used for the next-hop sensing pair for the test data stream for sending corresponding test instrumentation The test instrumentation answered, multiple Ethernet Private Lines are tested so as to realize, further improve Ethernet Circle test Efficiency.

Further, test index can specifically include:Throughput, packet loss, time delay and back-to-back value.

In the present embodiment, by setting test instrumentation in branch point corresponding to Ethernet Private Line to be tested, converged in ether One static routing is set on the central point router that mouth is connected, and it is the first IP address that static routing, which is used for destination address, The next-hop of test data stream points to test instrumentation;Test instrumentation to central point router sending destination location be the first IP address Test data stream, and receive the test data stream of central point router loopback so that test instrumentation can be according to the survey of transmission The test data stream of data flow and the return of central point router is tried, determines the test index of Ethernet Private Line to be tested, so as to Two test instrumentations need not be set and two test instrumentations are configured, testing cost is low, and testing efficiency is high.

One of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that:Realizing all or part of step of above-mentioned each method embodiment can lead to The related hardware of programmed instruction is crossed to complete.Foregoing program can be stored in a computer read/write memory medium.The journey Sequence upon execution, execution the step of including above-mentioned each method embodiment;And foregoing storage medium includes:ROM, RAM, magnetic disc or Person's CD etc. is various can be with the medium of store program codes.

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of test instrumentation one embodiment provided by the invention, as shown in figure 4, including:

Sending module 41, the central point router for being connected according to default test table to ether convergence mouth, which is sent, to be surveyed Data flow is tried, is carried in test data stream:Destination address;Destination address is the first IP address;Test instrumentation and ether to be tested Branch point corresponding to net special line connects;

Receiving module 42, for receiving the test data stream of central point router loopback, during the test data stream of loopback is The test data stream that heart point router returns according to static routing;Static routing is used for the survey for the first IP address by destination address The next-hop for trying data flow points to test instrumentation;

Determining module 43, pair that each test data stream and central point router for being sent according to sending module return The test data stream answered, determine the test index of Ethernet Private Line to be tested.

Wherein, test index can specifically include:Throughput, packet loss, time delay and back-to-back value.

Further, sending module 41 is additionally operable to, at the center connected according to default test table to ether convergence mouth Before point router sends test data stream, ping orders are sent to central point router;

Corresponding, determining module 43 is additionally operable to, and the response signal of central point router return is not received in test instrumentation When, determine that Ethernet Private Line to be tested is in malfunction.

In the present embodiment, by setting test instrumentation in branch point corresponding to Ethernet Private Line to be tested, converged in ether One static routing is set on the central point router that mouth is connected, and it is the first IP address that static routing, which is used for destination address, The next-hop of test data stream points to test instrumentation;Test instrumentation to central point router sending destination location be the first IP address Test data stream, and receive the test data stream of central point router loopback so that test instrumentation can be according to the survey of transmission The test data stream of data flow and the return of central point router is tried, determines the test index of Ethernet Private Line to be tested, so as to Two test instrumentations need not be set and two test instrumentations are configured, testing cost is low, and testing efficiency is high.

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of central point router one embodiment provided by the invention, as shown in figure 5, including:

Receiving module 51, for receiving test data stream of the test instrumentation according to transmitted by default test table, test number According to being carried in stream:Destination address;Destination address is the first IP address;Test instrumentation branch corresponding with Ethernet Private Line to be tested Point connection;

Sending module 52, for test data stream to be returned into test instrumentation according to static routing;Static routing is used for will Destination address points to test instrumentation for the next-hop of the test data stream of the first IP address,

So that test instrumentation returns according to each test data stream for being sent to central point router, and central point router The corresponding test data stream returned, determine the test index of Ethernet Private Line to be tested.

Wherein, test index can include:Throughput, packet loss, time delay and back-to-back value.

Further, receiving module 51 receive test instrumentation according to it is default test table transmitted by test data stream it Before, receiving module 51 can also receive the ping orders of test instrumentation transmission, and corresponding response signal is returned into tester Table, so as to test instrumentation according to whether receiving the response signal to determine whether Ethernet Private Line to be tested is unimpeded, if It can be tested.

Further, in order to further improve the testing efficiency of Ethernet Circle method of testing, on central point router Multiple static routing can be provided with, each static routing can be corresponding with a test instrumentation, i.e., each static routing can be with The next-hop of test data stream for corresponding test instrumentation to be sent point to corresponding to test instrumentation, so as to realize pair Multiple Ethernet Private Lines are tested, and further improve the efficiency of Ethernet Circle test.

In the present embodiment, by setting test instrumentation in branch point corresponding to Ethernet Private Line to be tested, converged in ether One static routing is set on the central point router that mouth is connected, and it is the first IP address that static routing, which is used for destination address, The next-hop of test data stream points to test instrumentation;Test instrumentation to central point router sending destination location be the first IP address Test data stream, and receive the test data stream of central point router loopback so that test instrumentation can be according to the survey of transmission The test data stream of data flow and the return of central point router is tried, determines the test index of Ethernet Private Line to be tested, so as to Two test instrumentations need not be set and two test instrumentations are configured, testing cost is low, and testing efficiency is high.

Finally it should be noted that:Various embodiments above is merely illustrative of the technical solution of the present invention, rather than its limitations;To the greatest extent The present invention is described in detail with reference to foregoing embodiments for pipe, it will be understood by those within the art that:Its according to The technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments can so be modified, either which part or all technical characteristic are entered Row equivalent substitution;And these modifications or replacement, the essence of appropriate technical solution is departed from various embodiments of the present invention technology The scope of scheme.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. Ethernet Circle method of testing, it is characterised in that including:
    The test instrumentation that branch point corresponding to Ethernet Private Line to be tested is connected converges mouth according to default test table to ether The central point router connected sends test data stream, is carried in the test data stream:Destination address;The destination address For the first IP address;
    The test instrumentation receives the test data stream of the central point router loopback, and the test data stream of the loopback is institute State the test data stream that central point router returns according to static routing;It is the first IP that the static routing, which is used for destination address, The next-hop of the test data stream of address points to the test instrumentation;
    The corresponding test number that the test instrumentation returns according to each test data stream of transmission and the central point router According to stream, the test index of the Ethernet Private Line to be tested is determined.
  2. 2. according to the method for claim 1, it is characterised in that branch point corresponding to the Ethernet Private Line to be tested connects The test instrumentation connect according to default test table to the central point router that is connected of ether convergence mouth send test data stream it Before, in addition to:
    The test instrumentation sends ping orders to the central point router;
    If the test instrumentation does not receive the response signal that the central point router returns, it is determined that the ether to be tested Net special line is in malfunction;If the test instrumentation receives the response signal that the central point router returns, it is determined that The Ethernet Private Line to be tested is unimpeded, can be tested.
  3. 3. according to the method for claim 1, it is characterised in that the test index includes:Throughput, packet loss, time delay With back-to-back value.
  4. A kind of 4. Ethernet Circle method of testing, it is characterised in that including:
    Central point router receives test data stream of the test instrumentation according to transmitted by default test table, the test data stream Middle carrying:Destination address;The destination address is the first IP address;The test instrumentation is corresponding with Ethernet Private Line to be tested Branch point connects;
    The test data stream is returned to the test instrumentation by the central point router according to static routing;The static road By for destination address to be pointed into the test instrumentation for the next-hop of the test data stream of the first IP address, so that the test Instrument is according to each test data stream for being sent to the central point router, and the correspondence that the central point router returns Test data stream, determine the test index of the Ethernet Private Line to be tested.
  5. 5. according to the method for claim 4, it is characterised in that the test index includes:Throughput, packet loss, time delay With back-to-back value.
  6. A kind of 6. test instrumentation, it is characterised in that including:
    Sending module, the central point router for being connected according to default test table to ether convergence mouth send test data Flow, carried in the test data stream:Destination address;The destination address is the first IP address;The test instrumentation with it is to be measured Try branch point connection corresponding to Ethernet Private Line;
    Receiving module, for receiving the test data stream of the central point router loopback, the test data stream of the loopback is The test data stream that the central point router returns according to static routing;It is first that the static routing, which is used for destination address, The next-hop of the test data stream of IP address points to the test instrumentation;
    Determining module, returned for each test data stream sent according to the sending module and the central point router Corresponding test data stream, determine the test index of the Ethernet Private Line to be tested.
  7. 7. test instrumentation according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the sending module is additionally operable to, according to default Before the central point router that test table is connected to ether convergence mouth sends test data stream, sent out to the central point router Send ping orders;
    The determining module is additionally operable to, and the response signal of the central point router return is not received in the test instrumentation When, determine that the Ethernet Private Line to be tested is in malfunction.
  8. 8. test instrumentation according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the test index includes:Throughput, packet loss, Time delay and back-to-back value.
  9. A kind of 9. central point router, it is characterised in that including:
    Receiving module, for receiving test data stream of the test instrumentation according to transmitted by default test table, the test data Carried in stream:Destination address;The destination address is the first IP address;The test instrumentation is corresponding with Ethernet Private Line to be tested Branch point connection;
    Sending module, for the test data stream to be returned into the test instrumentation according to static routing;The static routing For destination address to be pointed into the test instrumentation for the next-hop of the test data stream of the first IP address, so that the tester Table according to each test data stream for being sent to the central point router, and the central point router return it is corresponding Test data stream, determine the test index of the Ethernet Private Line to be tested.
  10. 10. central point router according to claim 9, it is characterised in that the test index includes:Throughput, lose Bag rate, time delay and back-to-back value.
CN201410669413.9A 2014-11-20 2014-11-20 Ethernet Circle method of testing and device CN104410544B (en)

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CN101267363A (en) * 2008-04-24 2008-09-17 杭州华三通信技术有限公司 Loop testing method, system and device

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Patent Citations (3)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1725718A (en) * 2005-04-04 2006-01-25 杭州华为三康技术有限公司 Network QoS test method and system
CN1972219A (en) * 2005-11-23 2007-05-30 杭州华为三康技术有限公司 Network performance test method, system and network device
CN101267363A (en) * 2008-04-24 2008-09-17 杭州华三通信技术有限公司 Loop testing method, system and device

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