CN104406158B - A kind of tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine - Google Patents

A kind of tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104406158B
CN104406158B CN201410794410.8A CN201410794410A CN104406158B CN 104406158 B CN104406158 B CN 104406158B CN 201410794410 A CN201410794410 A CN 201410794410A CN 104406158 B CN104406158 B CN 104406158B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
burner hearth
tubular type
type burner
combustion machine
deslagging
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CN201410794410.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104406158A (en
Inventor
何德意
曾义坚
骆旭辉
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云南华意科技有限公司
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Abstract

The present invention relates to combustion technology of biomass fuel field, particularly a kind of tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine, it is made up of feed bin, feeding mechanism, tubular type burner hearth, deslagging dregs breaking device, it is characterized in that, described feed bin top is provided with dismountable lengthening cylinder (2), feed bin lid (1) is sleeved on lengthening cylinder (2) top, is provided with hopper (4) in cylinder (3);Described feeding mechanism includes feeding housing (6), feed auger bar (7), and charging housing (6), through mobilizable hopper (4) outlet at bottom that is installed in of bellows (8), is provided with feed auger bar (7) in charging housing (6);Described deslagging dregs breaking device includes deslagging break screw rod (9) with hollow space and sprocket wheel.The present invention has the advantages such as burning abundant, tail gas pollution is little, not slagging scorification caking, biomass fuel wide adaptability, length in service life, stable, maintenance cost is low.

Description

A kind of tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine

Technical field

The present invention relates to combustion technology of biomass fuel field, particularly a kind of tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine.

Background technology

At present, in order to tackle the energy crisis that becomes increasingly conspicuous, severe environmental pollution and climate change reality, countries in the world are high Degree payes attention to the exploitation of biomass energy.Some developed countries in west, biomass energy the most generally utilizes.At home, Along with economic development and the continuous increase of demand for energy, Biomass Energy Development, improve biomass energy in energy resource structure Ratio, be trend of the times.China promotes the development of Biomass Energy Industry the most energetically, and has put into effect relevant encouragement and hold up Hold policy.

Biomass fuel is widely used in the fields such as heating, hot water, industrially drying as New-type fuel, and biomass fuel fires Burning technology is totally divided into three kinds: one to be that biomass fuel enters Pintsch process half gasification combustion chamber, air feed system through feed system Wind then enter from the bottom of stove, occur rapidly Pintsch process reaction to produce burning in Pintsch process half gasification combustion chamber Gas, this process produces sensible heat intermedium H, CH, CnHm, the combustible component such as CO, be directly entered oxygen by gas nozzle sufficient High temperature combustors burns completely, releases latent heat.Two is to utilize short vulcanization technology and biomass pyrogenation gasification technology, by tiny The straw etc. of biomass material such as sawdust, wood flour, rice husk, bagasse and pulverizing, is converted into gas through Pintsch process chemical reaction Fuel, as boiler combustion gas.Three is to use direct Boiling Combustion, has the imperfect combustion ash of more than 5% in its combustion flame Powder, poor for applicability.The biomass combustion device of the above combustion technology of existing employing there are various weak point, and one is biomass Fuel subject range is narrow, mainly with wooden, wood flour as main fuel, the easy slagging scorification when using other biological matter fuel combustion, Lump and block combustor.Two is that temperature height range of accommodation is little, is not suitable for temperature difference range of accommodation and requires bigger industry.Three are The problem of chamber structure, causes biomass fuel to utilize not exclusively, and the thermal efficiency is low, and operating cost is too high.

China is an energy-consuming big country, to consume substantial amounts of fossil energy every year.And biomass rich reserves, resource Renewable, compared with burning of coal, there is oligosaprobic feature.The utilization of biomass is also in the initial development stage.Therefore from From the point of view of the importance produced and economic benefit, Improvement fuel combustion techniques, exploration development of new efficient biomass burning dress Put and with increasing the benefit, there is Great significance for the saving energy and reduction production cost.

Summary of the invention

Present invention aims to the problem that existing biomass combustion device exists, it is provided that a kind of energy consumption is low, pollution New and effective biomass fuel little, that the thermal efficiency is high, temperature difference range of accommodation is big, stable, maintenance cost is low, fuel tolerance is wide Burn device tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine.

The present invention seeks to by following technical scheme realization:

A kind of tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine, is made up of feed bin, feeding mechanism, tubular type burner hearth, deslagging dregs breaking device, institute Stating feed bin top and be provided with dismountable lengthening cylinder (2), feed bin lid (1) is sleeved on lengthening cylinder (2) top, and cylinder sets in (3) There is hopper (4);Described feeding mechanism includes feeding housing (6), feed auger bar (7), and charging housing (6) is through bellows (8) Mobilizable hopper (4) outlet at bottom that is installed in, is provided with feed auger bar (7), described deslagging break dress in charging housing (6) Putting and include deslagging break screw rod (9) with hollow space and sprocket wheel, deslagging break screw rod (9) leading portion is solid, stage casing and after Duan Junwei hollow, stage casing is provided with fresh air inlet (10) and connects with bellows (8), and back segment is provided with spiral salient (11) and wind distributing hole (12);Described tubular type burner hearth is by the cavity connected with bellows (8) formed between inner sleeve (13) with overcoat (14) and distribution Wind distributing hole (12) composition in inner sleeve (13), is provided with ignition (15) in tubular type burner hearth, burner hearth inner bottom part is provided with one Bar groove (16), described deslagging break screw rod (9) back segment is arranged in this groove (16);Described feed auger bar (7) and Deslagging break screw rod (9) is connected with motor (5) by chain;Described tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine body passes through scalable The support (17) of height is connected on base (18).

Described charging inner walls top is provided with anti-backfire water pipe (19).

Described anti-backfire water pipe connects with elevated tank.

The described wind distributing hole (12) being located on deslagging break screw rod (9) back segment is distributed in the space of spiral salient (11) Place.

Described ignition has two groups, the position-adjustable being located in burner hearth.

The described cylinder that lengthens is connected to feed bin top by the fixed plate (20) being arranged on cylinder inboard wall.

Described sprocket wheel size is adjustable and replacing.

Described channel section can be semicircle, triangle, trapezoidal or other geometries.

The range of accommodation of described height-adjustable support is 10-50cm.

Described base is provided with universal wheel (21).

The present invention has following technical characterstic and an effect:

1, cylinder body bottom height adjusting mechanism, can regulate the height of burner hearth crater according to the different application form of this device Degree.

2, can be when there is equipment fault and other fortuitous events in the walking universal wheel under the underframe of cylinder body bottom, quickly Combustor is released, carries out failture evacuation maintenance and fortuitous event is disposed.

3, hopper interface is arranged, and can fix charging housing, it is simple to regulation feed pipe and tubular type burner hearth charging aperture dock with And carry out failture evacuation maintenance.

4, installation space between inner sleeve and the overcoat of tubular type burner hearth, can be entered space oxygen-fed gas by bellows and carry out pre- Heat, is then dispensed for wind distributing hole everywhere, cools down inside and outside set simultaneously.

5, the half garden pipe that sinks in the inner sleeve of cross section likeness in form peach-shaped long tube is arranged, and one is easy for installing deslagging break screw rod.Two It is to utilize the big pipe in top and the corner angle break of half garden interface tube formation of sinking, when freeze profile becomes fritter slagging scorification, caking, deslagging It is shifted onto edges and corners extruding and abolishes by break screw rod, prevents from blocking the generation of combustor problem.Three is to make biomass fuel concentrate It is deposited in deslagging break screw rod top, it is simple to fully burning and propelling deslagging break.

6, wind distributing hole is set in inner sleeve and deslagging break screw rod, can be by arranging the air distribution of varying number at diverse location Hole, one is to realize the preheating of burner hearth bottom biomass fuel, crack, burn, and stage casing low-temperature burning, it is complete that outlet section forms high temperature Burning.Two is that the wind distributing hole by varying number is suitable for various different biomass fuel.Three is in the middle of deslagging break screw rod After ventilating in hollow pipe while preheated air, deslagging break screw rod can be cooled down, increase the service life.

7, deslagging break screw rod is arranged, and can be adapted to by differently configured pitch, different head number screw rods and different speed ratios Various different biomass fuels, prevent slagging scorification, the generation of caking blocking combustor problem.Promote biomass fuel in different sections Reasonable Combustion, make full use of biomass fuel, and advance deslagging to realize continuous burning.

8, the machine is provided with two groups of ignitions, lighter position-adjustable in burner hearth, is suitable for various difference Biomass fuel, can quickly light biomass fuel, prevent in little space burning fires generation.

9, the machine actuating device simultaneously drives feed auger bar and deslagging break screw rod, different rotating speeds by sprocket wheel chain Proportioning, is suitable for various different biomass fuel.

10, the machine arranges anti-backfire water pipe at the joint of feed pipe outlet with tubular type burner hearth charging aperture, can prevent to entering Material pipe tempering.Feed pipe and tubular type burner hearth configured in parallel simultaneously, it is therefore prevented that feed pipe putty.

11, the machine feed bin top is provided with lengthening cylinder, and the most the used time does not tips upside down on feed bin top, does not affect charging.And need When increasing storing, only need to be enclosed within feed bin top by lengthening cylinder reversion.

The present invention have burning fully, tail gas pollution is little, not slagging scorification caking, biomass fuel wide adaptability, service life The advantage such as long, stable, maintenance cost is low.The machine compact conformation, novel appearance, owing to using unique chamber design, subtract Lack energy loss, improve the thermal efficiency.The machine uses Centralized Electronic Control system, it is achieved automatically controlling of temperature, temperature regulation model Enclose big.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is present configuration schematic diagram;

Fig. 2 is that the present invention wants portion's schematic diagram;

Fig. 3 is that the present invention lengthens barrel mechanism schematic diagram;

In figure: 1-feed bin lid, 2-lengthens cylinder, 3-cylinder, 4-hopper, 5-motor, and 6-feeds housing, 7-feed auger Bar;8-bellows, 9-deslagging break screw rod, 10-fresh air inlet, 11-spiral salient, 12-wind distributing hole, 13-inner sleeve, 14-overcoat, 15- Ignition, 16-groove, 17-support, 18-base, 19-anti-backfire water pipe, 20-fixed plate, 21-universal wheel.

Detailed description of the invention

Embodiment 1

A kind of tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine, is made up of feed bin, feeding mechanism, tubular type burner hearth, deslagging dregs breaking device, material Top, storehouse is provided with dismountable lengthening cylinder (2), and feed bin lid (1) is sleeved on lengthening cylinder (2) top, and cylinder is provided with material in (3) Bucket (4);Feeding mechanism includes feeding housing (6), feed auger bar (7), and charging housing (6) is through bellows (8) mobilizable dress Being located at hopper (4) outlet at bottom, be provided with feed auger bar (7) in charging housing (6), deslagging dregs breaking device includes with hollow bulb Deslagging break screw rod (9) divided and sprocket wheel, deslagging break screw rod (9) leading portion is solid, and stage casing and back segment are hollow, on stage casing Being provided with fresh air inlet (10) to connect with bellows (8), back segment is provided with spiral salient (11) and wind distributing hole (12);Tubular type burner hearth is by inner sleeve (13) with the cavity connected with bellows (8) formed between overcoat (14) and wind distributing hole (12) group being distributed in inner sleeve (13) Becoming, be provided with ignition (15) in tubular type burner hearth, burner hearth inner bottom part is provided with a groove (16), deslagging break screw rod (9) Back segment is arranged in this groove (16);Feed auger bar (7) and deslagging break screw rod (9) are connected with motor (5) by chain;Pipe Formula burner hearth biomass combustion machine body is connected on base (18) by height-adjustable support (17).In charging inner walls Portion is provided with anti-backfire water pipe (19).Anti-backfire water pipe connects with elevated tank.It is located at the air distribution on deslagging break screw rod (9) back segment Hole (12) is distributed in the gap of spiral salient (11).Ignition has two groups, the position-adjustable being located in burner hearth.Lengthen Cylinder is connected to feed bin top by the fixed plate (20) being arranged on cylinder inboard wall.Sprocket wheel size is adjustable and replacing. Channel section is semicircle, triangle or trapezoidal.The range of accommodation of height-adjustable support is 10-50cm.Base is provided with Universal wheel (21).

The present embodiment is applied to tobacco business and toasts Nicotiana tabacum L., and tobacco flue-curing has different intensifications in different time sections Speed and different heat and moisture preserving requirements, temperature control precision requires height, and temperature range is big.In implementation process of the present invention, operation Simply, workload little, single guard more than 50, substantial saving in cost of labor.1 kilogram of dry cigarette cost of baking exists simultaneously Less than 1.6 yuan, more cost-effective more than 50% than traditional coal fuel flue-cured tobacco.The quality of tobacco toasted out is excellent, is that modern Nicotiana tabacum L. dries The optimum selection that curing process renewal of the equipment is regenerated.

Embodiment 2

After tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine described in the present embodiment starts, it is stored in the biomass fuel of feed bin hopper Enter charging housing through hopper, feed auger bar push the bottom of the inner sleeve of tubular type burner hearth.Its inlet amount by controller control, After initial charge amount completes, ignition heating igniting, the wind of supply air system is in bellows enter tubular type burner hearth, through electronics point Firearm heating enters the base point biomass-burning fuel of inner sleeve, after biomass fuel heating, through an oxygen supply of wind system of providing and delivering With secondary oxygen supply, in inner sleeve, realize bottom be dried, burn, crack gasification, stage casing low-temperature burning, leading portion high-temp combustion process, Then its thermal-flame entrance exchanger carries out heat exchange.Controller controls motor and works by the start-stop proportional time set, real Now it is interrupted feed, thus realizes continuous burning.

Deslagging break screw rod through sprocket wheel chain drive, with material screw rod Tong Bu interruption action, is promoted biomass fuel by motor Expect the Reasonable Combustion in different sections, and advance deslagging to realize continuous burning.When freeze profile becomes fritter slagging scorification, caking, row The edges and corners extruding that in it shifts onto inner sleeve, big pipe and sinking triangular pipe interface are formed of slag break screw rod is abolished, and prevents blocking burning Room.By differently configured pitch, different head number screw rods and different speed ratios, adapt to various different biomass fuel.

If meeting the tempering that has a power failure, tempering can blow anti-backfire water pipe, and the water in elevated tank flows into burner hearth by water pipe, extinguishes Flame, thus prevent the generation of danger.

If the doses that comparison is many need to be added, then need to take down lengthening cylinder, after upset, be sleeved on cylinder top, lengthen cylinder and pass through Fixing board card is at cylinder top, thus reaches to add the purpose of big material bin.

Claims (10)

1. a tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine, is made up of feed bin, feeding mechanism, tubular type burner hearth, deslagging dregs breaking device, and it is special Levying and be, described feed bin top is provided with dismountable lengthening cylinder (2), and feed bin lid (1) is sleeved on lengthening cylinder (2) top, cylinder Hopper (4) it is provided with in body (3);Described feeding mechanism includes feeding housing (6), feed auger bar (7), and charging housing (6) is worn Cross mobilizable hopper (4) outlet at bottom that is installed in of bellows (8), charging housing (6) is provided with feed auger bar (7);Described Deslagging dregs breaking device includes deslagging break screw rod (9) with hollow space and sprocket wheel, and deslagging break screw rod (9) leading portion is real The heart, stage casing and back segment are hollow, and stage casing is provided with fresh air inlet (10) and connects with bellows (8), and back segment is provided with spiral salient (11) And wind distributing hole (12);Described tubular type burner hearth is by the cavity connected with bellows (8) formed between inner sleeve (13) with overcoat (14) And wind distributing hole (12) composition being distributed in inner sleeve (13), it is provided with ignition (15), burner hearth inner bottom part in tubular type burner hearth Being provided with a groove (16), described deslagging break screw rod (9) back segment is arranged in this groove (16);Described feed auger Bar (7) and deslagging break screw rod (9) are connected with motor (5) by chain;Described tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine body leads to Cross height-adjustable support (17) to be connected on base (18).
A kind of tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in described charging housing Wall top is provided with anti-backfire water pipe (19).
A kind of tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described anti-backfire water pipe Connect with elevated tank.
A kind of tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the described deslagging that is located at breaks Wind distributing hole (12) on slag screw rod (9) back segment is distributed in the gap of spiral salient (11).
A kind of tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described ignition There are two groups, the position-adjustable being located in burner hearth.
A kind of tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described lengthening cylinder leads to Cross the fixed plate (20) being arranged on cylinder inboard wall and be connected to feed bin top.
A kind of tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described sprocket wheel size is Adjustable and replacing.
A kind of tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described channel section is Semicircle, triangle, trapezoidal or other geometries.
A kind of tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described adjustable-height The range of accommodation of support be 10-50cm.
A kind of tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that set on described base There is universal wheel (21).
CN201410794410.8A 2014-12-21 2014-12-21 A kind of tubular type burner hearth biomass combustion machine CN104406158B (en)

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CN105351956B (en) * 2015-11-30 2018-03-20 桃江县琼宇生物质成型能料厂 A kind of boiler preparation hopper
CN105423287A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-03-23 云南佳叶工贸有限公司 Novel biomass granular fuel combustion device
CN107143870B (en) * 2017-05-08 2019-12-06 联合优发生物质能源徐州有限公司 Compact anti-coking nozzle type biomass burner
CN107806644B (en) * 2017-07-14 2019-06-14 黄山容宇五金制品有限公司 A kind of easy-to-dismount more return-stroke biomass hot-blast stoves
CN109489030B (en) * 2017-12-20 2020-05-19 云南省烟草农业科学研究院 Tobacco modulation biomass particle combustor
CN109489061B (en) * 2017-12-20 2020-05-19 云南省烟草农业科学研究院 Feeding device for biomass fuel burner

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CN202613469U (en) * 2012-05-29 2012-12-19 农业部规划设计研究院 Slag removing device of biomass fuel burner
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