CN104396474A - Family-scale miniature plant factory - Google Patents

Family-scale miniature plant factory Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104396474A
CN104396474A CN201410505662.4A CN201410505662A CN104396474A CN 104396474 A CN104396474 A CN 104396474A CN 201410505662 A CN201410505662 A CN 201410505662A CN 104396474 A CN104396474 A CN 104396474A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plant factory
family
family oriented
module
oriented micro
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410505662.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
滕光辉
付少明
李志忠
刘艺伟
毛涛涛
樊庚
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Agricultural University
Original Assignee
China Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Agricultural University filed Critical China Agricultural University
Priority to CN201410505662.4A priority Critical patent/CN104396474A/en
Publication of CN104396474A publication Critical patent/CN104396474A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/022Pots for vertical horticulture
    • A01G9/023Multi-tiered planters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • A01G31/06Hydroponic culture on racks or in stacked containers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention relates to a plant planting and vegetable production device in the field of agricultural machinery, and especially relates to a family-scale miniature plant factory. The family-scale miniature plant factory comprises a housing with controllable opening and closing states, a culturing system positioned inside the housing and used for fixing plants, an aeroponic cultivation system positioned under the culturing system and used for providing nutrients and water used for culturing plants, and an environment control system positioned in the housing. The environment control system comprises a transmitter module, a core control module and an execution module. The transmitter module is connected with the core control module. The core control module is connected with the execution module. The family-scale miniature plant factory provided by the invention has the advantages of simple management, low cost and low energy consumption, and is capable of fully utilizing environment factors suitable for plant growth in a family environment. The family-scale miniature plant factory has a high space utilization rate. With the family-scale miniature plant factory, all-year-round continuous production can be realized.

Description

A kind of family oriented micro plant factory
Technical field
The present invention relates to the planting in agricultural mechanical field and Vegetable produce device, particularly relate to a kind of family oriented micro plant factory.
Background technology
The plant factor of broad sense refers to that whole year under certain production management is without the Plant production systems of stopping; The plant factor of narrow sense refers to the annual Plant production systems without stopping under complete artificial environment.
In recent years, cosmopolitian plant Plant development is very fast, creates multiple development trend, wherein has the macrophyte factory for scale plant production, and secondly, microminiaturized, family oriented appliable plant factory is also one of its important developing direction.
Plant factor is the tidemark of plant cultivation, the suitable environment that it grows for plant provides, thus improves the production efficiency of plant.Along with the raising of people's living standard and the change to things demand, healthy, green etc. is more and more subject to liking of people, and home-use micro plant factory not only can meet the demand of people to vegetables; And people can be made in city to get close to nature, cultivate one's taste; Green vegetables, the healthy vegetable that simultaneously people can be allowed to plant out to meet oneself standard.Therefore, family oriented micro plant factory has broad application prospects.
But at present, the control mode of the home-use complete closed of the many employings of plant factor's envirment factor control mode, cost is higher; The planting type of many employings water planting, planting technique, management process are comparatively complicated.
Therefore, for above deficiency, the invention provides that a kind of cultivation management is simple, low cost, low energy consumption, the Household miniature plant factor of the envirment factor of suitable plant strain growth in home environment can be made full use of.
Summary of the invention
(1) technical problem that will solve
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is the problem that traditional planting technology cultivation management is complicated, cost is high, energy consumption is large.
(2) technical scheme
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of family oriented micro plant factory, comprising housing, in controlled ON/OFF formula; Culture systems, is positioned at described enclosure interior, for fixing plant; Mist training system, is positioned at described culture systems bottom, for providing cultivating plants desired nutritional and moisture content; And environmental control system, be positioned at described enclosure interior, comprise: transmitter module, kernel control module and Executive Module; Described transmitter module is connected with described kernel control module; Described kernel control module is connected with described Executive Module.
Preferably, described culture systems is cylindrical cultivation wall, and described cultivation wall is embedded with some cultivating grooves, and described cultivating groove is horizontal by miter angle.
Preferably, gear and rotation motor are arranged at described inner chamber top, for rotating described cultivation wall.
Preferably, described housing is enclosed by glass side sliding door and side wall glass circumference and is formed, and described sidewall outer setting has awning blind, in order to control the open and closed system state of described housing.
Preferably, described mist training system comprises: storage tank, press spray pump, spray pipe and fog-spray nozzle.
Preferably, described transmitter module comprises: humiture transducer, carbonic acid gas transmitter and illumination transmitter.
Preferably, described kernel control module is ARM monolithic microcomputer kernel controller, described kernel control module reads the Monitoring Data of described transmitter module, after the process of described kernel control module internal preset program, control Executive Module action, for regulate described enclosure interior temperature, humidity, carbonic acid gas or illumination one or more.
Preferably, described Executive Module comprises: ventilating fan and at least one LED lamp tube.
Preferably, kernel control module can also control the ON/OFF time of described press spray water pump, and spraying interval, the duration.
Preferably, described housing bottom is provided with roller, in order to convenient mobile described family oriented micro plant factory.
(3) beneficial effect
Technique scheme tool of the present invention has the following advantages: this family oriented micro plant factory comprises housing, in controlled ON/OFF formula; Culture systems, is positioned at described enclosure interior, for fixing plant; Mist training system, is positioned at described culture systems bottom, for providing cultivating plants desired nutritional and moisture content; And environmental control system, be positioned at described enclosure interior, comprise: transmitter module, kernel control module and Executive Module; Described transmitter module is connected with described kernel control module; Described kernel control module is connected with described Executive Module.The present invention adopts the design of shell ON/OFF controllable adjustment, both can make full use of family oriented environment and carry out cultivation plant, can prevent again external dust, insect etc. from having a negative impact to plant, reduce the production cost needed for traditional plant factory simultaneously; In environment, the utilization of natural daylight and the light filling mode of LED, effectively saved energy consumption; The planting type of mist training simplifies planting technique, reduces complex management degree and avoids the problem that traditional water planting easily causes root system of plant residual simultaneously; Cultivating groove, horizontal by the design of miter angle, effectively increases space availability ratio; Different according to the plant strain growth phase, adopt way to manage stage by stage to realize anniversary continuous seepage.Therefore, family oriented micro plant factory cultivation management provided by the invention is simple, low cost, low energy consumption, the envirment factor of suitable plant strain growth in home environment can be made full use of.In addition, also there is space availability ratio high, anniversary quantity-produced advantage can be realized.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of family oriented micro plant factory of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the inside mist training system of family oriented micro plant factory of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the cultivating groove of family oriented micro plant factory of the present invention and the relative position relation schematic diagram of cultivation wall;
Fig. 4 is the cultivating groove of family oriented micro plant factory of the present invention and the side schematic view of cultivation wall;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the press spray water pump of family oriented micro plant factory of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the ventilating fan of family oriented micro plant factory of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the gear of family oriented micro plant factory of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the rotation motor of family oriented micro plant factory of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the fog-spray nozzle of family oriented micro plant factory of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the block diagram of the environmental control system of family oriented micro plant factory of the present invention.
In figure 1: cultivation wall; 2: cultivating groove; 3:120 degree arc glass sidewall and awning blind; 4:ARM single-chip microcomputer; 5: roller; 6: press spray pump; 7: spray pipe; 8: storage tank; 9: ventilating fan; 10:60 degree arc glass side sliding door; 11: gear; 12: rotation motor; 13:CO2 transmitter; 14: illumination transmitter; 15: mechanical floor; 16: fog-spray nozzle; 17: humiture transducer; 18:LED fluorescent tube.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail.Following examples for illustration of the present invention, but are not used for limiting the scope of the invention.
The family oriented micro plant factory of the present embodiment comprises: the housing that controlled ON/OFF regulates; Be positioned at the culture systems of enclosure interior; Be positioned at the mist training system of culture systems bottom; And be positioned at the environmental control system of enclosure interior, comprising: transmitter module, kernel control module and Executive Module, transmitter module is connected with kernel control module, and kernel control module is connected with Executive Module.
As shown in Figure 1, wherein, shell comprises two 120 degree of arc glass sidewalls and awning blind 3, and two 60 degree of arc glass side sliding doors, 10,60 degree of arc glass side sliding doors 10 are connected successively with 120 degree of arc glass sidewalls, form comprehensive covering of 360 degree.When 60 degree of arc glass side sliding doors 10 are closed, family oriented micro plant factory provided by the invention forms comparatively airtight space, can effectively prevent external dust, insect etc. from having a negative impact to plant.Wherein, in order to for being convenient to safeguard and the winning of plant, the design of glass side sliding door employing 60 degree of arcs.If side sliding door is too large, the angle of edge-on wall is too little, and so the sunshading and temperature reducing effect of awning blind can be had a greatly reduced quality, therefore have selected the side sliding door of 60 ° and the arc glass wall of 120 °.Also different cambered design can be chosen according to actual needs, not as limit.
Culture systems is positioned at enclosure interior, the cultivation wall 1 that the present invention adopts is cylindrical global design, wherein, cultivating groove 2 is embedded in cylinder cultivation wall 1, cultivating groove 2 is horizontal by a degree angle, minimum on plant strain growth impact when in the present embodiment, gained a is 45 degree by experiment, but also can choose different angles by a according to the actual requirements.As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, to choose cultivating groove 2 in the present embodiment be high 430mm, diameter 280mm, a is the cylinder of 45 degree.Further, cylinder cultivation wall 1 is divided into six layers, and custom model is with every layer of cultivating groove 2 spacing 15cm, and upper and lower two interlamellar spacing 15cm, always cultivate quantity 8*6=48 strain.Therefore, the design of angle makes when the quantity of cultivating plants is identical with the cultivation amount of current main flow Domestic micro plant factor, the space taken is less than taking up room of current main flow household plant factory, and then the space availability ratio of family oriented micro plant factory provided by the invention is higher.
Further, the overall dimensions of Domestic micro plant factor provided by the invention is the cylinder of 1500mm*700mm, and wherein mechanical floor 15 height is 450mm, and cultivation wall 1 is the cylinder of 1050mm*400mm.
Mist training system is positioned at culture systems bottom, as shown in Figure 2, wherein, mist training system comprises storage tank 8, press spray pump 6, spray pipe 7 and fog-spray nozzle 16, in order to when family oriented micro plant factory provided by the invention cultivates plant, provide the necessary nutrition of plant strain growth and moisture content.Further, mist training system is positioned at the below of cultivation wall 1, and mechanical floor 15 is inner.As everyone knows, common hydroponic system easily causes the problems such as root system of plant residual blocking cultivation pipeline, and periodicity cleaning is comparatively frequent and workload is larger; And there is the problems such as above-mentioned residual root system hardly in mist training system.
Environmental control system is positioned at enclosure interior, and as shown in Figure 10, wherein, environmental control system comprises: transmitter module, kernel control module and Executive Module.Further, transmitter module comprises humiture transducer 17, CO2 transmitter 13 and illumination transmitter 14; Kernel control module comprises ARM (Advanced RISC Machine, Advanced Reduced Instruction Set machine) monolithic microcomputer kernel controller; Executive Module comprises ventilating fan 9 and LED lamp tube 18.The environmental control system of family oriented micro plant factory inside provided by the invention, according to the real-time change of the envirment factor in family, produces and controls as follows:
Wherein, humiture transducer 17 is positioned at the bottom of cultivation wall 1, for gathering the temp. and humidity situation of enclosure interior.When the temp. and humidity in environment exceedes default limit value, the data that ARM single-chip microcomputer 4 is transmitted by monitoring humiture transducer 17, send chimes of doom and shown by LED screen, prompting people regulate the temp. and humidity in home environment.
Illumination transmitter 14 is positioned on the sidewall of cultivation wall 1, for gathering the intensity of illumination in home environment.When the growth that the illumination in environment can meet plant requires, the data that ARM single-chip microcomputer 4 is transmitted by monitoring illumination transmitter 14, control LED lamp tube 18 and close; When the growth that the illumination in environment can not meet plant requires, the data that ARM single-chip microcomputer 4 is transmitted by monitoring illumination transmitter 14, control LED lamp tube 18 and open.When the intensity of illumination in environment is too high, the data that ARM single-chip microcomputer 4 is transmitted by monitoring illumination transmitter 14, send chimes of doom and shown by LED screen, prompting people close 120 degree of arc glass sidewalls and awning blind 3 carries out sun-shading.
CO2 transmitter 13 is positioned at the top of cultivation wall 1, when the concentration difference of the inner CO2 concentration of family oriented micro plant factory provided by the invention and extraneous CO2 reaches default limit value, the data that ARM single-chip microcomputer 4 is transmitted by monitoring CO2 transmitter 13, can sound the alarm and be shown by LED screen, remind people to open ventilating fan 9, inner air and outer air is exchanged.Further, as shown in Figure 1, ventilating fan 9, ARM single-chip microcomputer 4 are positioned on the sidewall on cultivation wall 1 top.
Further, ARM single-chip microcomputer 4 not only can, according to single a kind of envirment factor of the Monitoring Data control and regulation enclosure interior of transmitter module, can also control multiple simultaneously.
Meanwhile, the opening and closing time of press spray water pump 6, and spraying interval, the duration, all carry out setup control by ARM single-chip microcomputer 4.
Further, the plant utilizing family oriented micro plant factory provided by the invention to cultivate is specifically described for romaine lettuce, but other leaves also can be used as the plant of family oriented micro plant factory provided by the invention cultivation with plant etc.The growth cycle of romaine lettuce is about 24 days, can by the vegetative period of romaine lettuce greatly to being divided into 4 stages to carry out Cultivate administration.Each stage greatly to 7 day, 4 stages are: setting date, growth mid-term, Later growth, maturing stage, 12 romaine lettuce of each stage.The romaine lettuce being in the maturing stage can pluck use, field planting again again after edible.By this kind of way to manage, there is weekly ripe romaine lettuce can be edible, achieve the anniversary continuous seepage of plant, and then achieve " factory " attribute of family oriented micro plant factory provided by the invention.
Further, conveniently rotated cultivation wall 1, cultivation wall 1 top is provided with gear 11 and rotation motor 12, rotation motor 12 provides driving force that metope can be driven to rotate, and facilitates harvesting and the field planting of plant.
Further, the bottom of mechanical floor 15 is provided with roller 5, facilitates the movement of family oriented micro plant factory provided by the invention, make to cultivate plant under home environment more convenient.
It should be noted that, used herein " on ", the noun of locality such as D score is for benchmark defines with the component relative position shown in scheming, obviously, the application of the above-mentioned noun of locality is only the present invention for convenience of description and simplified characterization, instead of indicate or imply that the device of indication or element must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore can not be interpreted as limitation of the present invention.
In sum, family oriented micro plant factory cultivation management provided by the invention is simple, low cost, low energy consumption, the envirment factor of suitable plant strain growth in home environment can be made full use of.In addition, also there is space availability ratio high, anniversary quantity-produced advantage can be realized.
Last it is noted that above embodiment is only in order to illustrate technical scheme of the present invention, be not intended to limit; Although with reference to previous embodiment to invention has been detailed description, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that: it still can be modified to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or carries out equivalent replacement to wherein portion of techniques feature; And these amendments or replacement, do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from the spirit and scope of various embodiments of the present invention technical scheme.

Claims (10)

1. a family oriented micro plant factory, is characterized in that, described family oriented micro plant factory comprises:
Housing, in controlled ON/OFF formula;
Culture systems, is positioned at described enclosure interior, for fixing plant;
Mist training system, is positioned at described culture systems bottom, for providing cultivating plants desired nutritional and moisture content; And
Environmental control system, is positioned at described enclosure interior, comprises: transmitter module, kernel control module and Executive Module; Described transmitter module is connected with described kernel control module; Described kernel control module is connected with described Executive Module.
2. family oriented micro plant factory according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described culture systems is cylindrical cultivation wall, and described cultivation wall is embedded with some cultivating grooves, and described cultivating groove is horizontal by miter angle.
3. family oriented micro plant factory according to claim 2, is characterized in that, gear and rotation motor are arranged at described inner chamber top, for rotating described cultivation wall.
4. family oriented micro plant factory according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described housing is enclosed by glass side sliding door and side wall glass circumference and is formed, and described sidewall outer setting has awning blind, in order to control the open and closed system state of described housing.
5. family oriented micro plant factory according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described mist training system comprises: storage tank, press spray pump, spray pipe and fog-spray nozzle.
6. family oriented micro plant factory according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described transmitter module comprises: humiture transducer, carbonic acid gas transmitter and illumination transmitter.
7. family oriented micro plant factory according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described kernel control module is ARM monolithic microcomputer kernel controller, described kernel control module reads the Monitoring Data of described transmitter module, after the process of described kernel control module internal preset program, control Executive Module action, for regulate described enclosure interior temperature, humidity, carbonic acid gas or illumination one or more.
8. family oriented micro plant factory according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described Executive Module comprises: ventilating fan and at least one LED lamp tube.
9. family oriented micro plant factory according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described kernel control module can also control the ON/OFF time of described press spray water pump, and spraying interval, the duration.
10. family oriented micro plant factory according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described housing bottom is provided with roller, in order to convenient mobile described family oriented micro plant factory.
CN201410505662.4A 2014-09-26 2014-09-26 Family-scale miniature plant factory Pending CN104396474A (en)

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CN201410505662.4A CN104396474A (en) 2014-09-26 2014-09-26 Family-scale miniature plant factory

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410505662.4A CN104396474A (en) 2014-09-26 2014-09-26 Family-scale miniature plant factory

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105123485A (en) * 2015-08-15 2015-12-09 哈尔滨工业大学 Disc-type transmission device
WO2017173774A1 (en) * 2016-04-08 2017-10-12 刘自学 Multifunctional air-humidifying flowerpot

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201752201U (en) * 2010-07-05 2011-03-02 北京中环易达设施园艺科技有限公司 Miniature vegetable factory
CN102487803A (en) * 2011-11-28 2012-06-13 天津乐龙灌溉技术有限公司 Intelligent stereo cultivation machine
CN103181320A (en) * 2011-12-30 2013-07-03 湖南壹叶都市农业发展有限公司 Household closed multi-space atomization vegetable production cabinet
CN103535258A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-01-29 东莞市欣光源电子有限公司 Vegetable growth chamber
CN203446263U (en) * 2013-01-30 2014-02-26 万贤能 Planting system based on standard environment
CN203590790U (en) * 2013-12-05 2014-05-14 于浩 Integrated intelligent-control plant cultivation equipment
CN103960114A (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-08-06 深圳慧盈生态科技有限公司 Intelligent plant cultivation device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201752201U (en) * 2010-07-05 2011-03-02 北京中环易达设施园艺科技有限公司 Miniature vegetable factory
CN102487803A (en) * 2011-11-28 2012-06-13 天津乐龙灌溉技术有限公司 Intelligent stereo cultivation machine
CN103181320A (en) * 2011-12-30 2013-07-03 湖南壹叶都市农业发展有限公司 Household closed multi-space atomization vegetable production cabinet
CN203446263U (en) * 2013-01-30 2014-02-26 万贤能 Planting system based on standard environment
CN103535258A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-01-29 东莞市欣光源电子有限公司 Vegetable growth chamber
CN203590790U (en) * 2013-12-05 2014-05-14 于浩 Integrated intelligent-control plant cultivation equipment
CN103960114A (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-08-06 深圳慧盈生态科技有限公司 Intelligent plant cultivation device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105123485A (en) * 2015-08-15 2015-12-09 哈尔滨工业大学 Disc-type transmission device
WO2017173774A1 (en) * 2016-04-08 2017-10-12 刘自学 Multifunctional air-humidifying flowerpot

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Application publication date: 20150311