CN104388265B - 一种益肾养生滋补酒及其制备方法 - Google Patents

一种益肾养生滋补酒及其制备方法 Download PDF

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CN104388265B
CN104388265B CN201410664957.6A CN201410664957A CN104388265B CN 104388265 B CN104388265 B CN 104388265B CN 201410664957 A CN201410664957 A CN 201410664957A CN 104388265 B CN104388265 B CN 104388265B
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林宇龙
刘绥滨
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Abstract

一种益肾养生滋补酒及其制备方法,属人饮用的保健滋补酒,特别是以中药为原料配制而成的保健滋补酒,以及它的制备方法。制备其活性成分的原料主要包括黄精、人参、灵芝、锁阳、川芎、杜仲、冬虫夏草、熟地黄等。本发明的优点是制备活性成分控制准确,原料配伍合理科学,配制成品酒液简便,成品的色泽偏差小,便于规模化生产。本发明产品含有人体需要的多种氨基酸、微量元素等,是一种滋补健身的保健饮料酒,具有抗疲劳、免疫调节的保健功能。

Description

一种益肾养生滋补酒及其制备方法
技术领域
:
[0001] —种益肾养生滋补酒及其制备方法,属人饮用的保健滋补酒,以及它的制备方法。背景技术:
[0002] 数千年来,祖国医学在药酒方面积累了宝贵的经验,有着丰富的内容。保健滋补酒是一枝酒中奇葩,是祖国医学中一颗璀璨的明珠。为了使这一宝贵文化遗产,得到继承发扬,既遵古炮制而又不泥古,古方今用,古方新用,推陈出新,为繁荣酒类市场拓出一条新路。在祖国浩瀚的医药养生文化长河中,黄精、人参、灵芝、锁阳、杜仲、川芎、当归等作为养生保健之要药,历来为医家所推崇。为了挖掘祖国医学宝库中的天然保健酒精华,更好地为人类的健康服务;也为了适应目前国际国内兴起的健康滋补饮用酒的热潮,把资源优势转化为经济优势。针对这种现象而研制了益肾养生滋补酒。
[0003] 药酒的滋补养生作用,很早就被人们知晓,但是,传统药酒以单味或多味药材浸泡于酒中而成,属配制酒类。而这类酒皆是饮用人根据自己的喜好而随意配制的,原料配伍缺乏科学性,很难起到养生的作用,满足不了人们对养生酒的需要。
[0004] 益肾养生滋补酒以古方今用,古方新用为原则,科学组方,采用现代生物技术手段精制而成。
发明内容
:
[0005] 本发明要解决的问题就是针对以上不足而提供一种原料配伍合理科学的滋补养生酒。其技术方案如下:
[0006]制备其活性成分的原料是下列重量份的原料:
[0007] 黄精20-30份、人参15-20份、灵芝15-25份、锁阳10-15份、川芎10-15份、杜仲10-15份、冬虫夏草5-8份、熟地黄15-30份、枸杞子15-30份、当归10-15份、淫羊藿15-25份、蝮蛇15-25份、大枣15-25份、丁香4-10份、龙眼肉15-25份、桑椹15-25份、佛手5-10份、山药15-25份、肉桂5-10份、白茅根15-30份、甜杏仁15-20份、橘红5_10份、益智仁15-25份、桔梗15-25份、甘草15-25份。
[0008] 其制备方法包括以下步骤:
[0009] 1)将黄精20-30份、人参15-20份、灵芝15-25份、锁阳10-15份、川芎10-15份、杜仲10-15份、当归10-15份、淫羊藿15-25份、蝮蛇15-25份、熟地黄15-30份混合均匀后加水煎煮提取,过滤,合并滤液,在温度为70°C〜80°C,真空度为0.08〜0.1Mpa的条件下将滤液浓缩成浸膏备用;
[0010] 2)将冬虫夏草5-8份、枸杞子15-30份、大枣15-25份、丁香4_10份、龙眼肉15-25份、桑椹15-25份、佛手5-10份、山药15-25份、肉桂5-10份、白茅根15-30份、甜杏仁15-20份、橘红5-10份、益智仁15-25份、桔梗15-25份、甘草15-25份混合均匀后粉碎成100-200目粗颗粒,加60°纯粮白酒没过药面渗滤得渗滤液备用;
[0011 ] 3)将冰糖15-25份熬化备用;
[0012] 4)将60°纯粮白酒3000-5000份勾兑成35— 45% V0L酒精度的酒液备用;
[0013] 5)将上述浸膏、渗滤液、熬化的冰糖放入勾兑成的酒液中搅拌均匀,静置陈化、过滤、装瓶即得。
[0014]与现有技术相比本发明的优点是:1、制备其活性成分的原料天然、原料配伍合理而科学;2、产品含多种有效成分、丰富的氨基酸、多种营养成份、人体必须的微量元素等,具有滋补养生等保健功能;3、本发明直接将浸膏放入酒液中制备产品,无需干燥浸膏,能更好地保留中药有效成分,生产工序简单,降低了生产成本,适合规模化生产需要。
[0015]用于本发明的原料具有的特性和功能是:
[0016] 黄精:具有滋肾润肺,补脾益气,强筋骨。治虚损寒热,肺痨咳血,病后体虚食少,筋骨软弱,风湿疼痛,风癞癣疾;治脾虚面黄,肺虚咳嗽,筋骨酸痹无力。现代药理研究表明:黄精具有抗疲劳、抗氧化、延缓衰老的保健作用。
[0017] 灵芝:甘,平。归心、肺、肝、肾经。现代药理研究表明:灵芝提取物具有免疫调节,延缓衰老的保健作用。
[0018] 人参:味甘、微苦,性微温,归脾、肺、心、肾经,气雄体润,升多于降;具有补气固脱,健脾益肺,宁心益智,养血生津的功效;主治大病、久病、失血、脱液所致元气欲脱,神疲脉微;脾气不足之食少倦怠,呕吐泄泻;肺气虚弱之气短喘促,咳嗽无力;心气虚衰之失眠多梦,惊悸健忘,体虚多汗;津亏之口渴,消渴;血虚之萎黄,眩晕;肾虚阳萎,尿频,气虚外感。现代药理研究证明,人参总皂甙具有免疫调节和抗疲劳的作用。
[0019] 锁阳:具有壮阳固精,养血强筋。适用于遗精、大便燥结。对免疫功能的影响;2、清除自由基;3、抗血小板聚集;4、具有糖类皮质激素样作用。临床用锁阳主治:阳痿早泄、阴衰血竭;气弱阴虚,大便燥结、小便频数,血尿,淋漓不尽;腰膝酸软、疲乏无力;畏寒倶冷,四肢疼痛;男子不育;失眠健忘,脱发早白等。最新医学研究发现:锁阳能够促进人体细胞再生和新陈代谢,增强免疫调节能力,具有明显的防癌、抗病毒和延缓衰老作用。近年来,用锁阳治疗前列腺肥大和增生、治疗白血病、治疗糖尿病、治疗哮喘、治疗早泄都取得了很好的效果。
[0020] 川芎:具有行气开郁,法风燥湿,活血行气,祛风止痛的作用。
[0021] 杜仲:性温,味甘、微辛,内含杜仲胶、树脂、桃叶珊瑚苷、香豆精、有机酸等,除了降压、利尿、镇静、镇痛、增强垂体-肾上腺皮质轴功能,激活机体的非特异性免疫反应,调节细胞免疫功能外,尚可提高肠道蠕动与排泄能力,消除多余脂肪,改善肠胃功能,从根本上改善体质。国内外近年来研究发现,使用以杜仲为原料提取生产的保健品,可使肌肤美白,消除老人斑,增加头发黑色素细胞,提高头发黑色素细胞的活性,防止白发,还可消除肥胖、防止牙齿松动,预防牙周病,老年痴呆症,治疗畏寒症,加强机体细胞物质代谢,防止肌肉骨骼老化,使身体年轻、结实等。现代药理研究表明:杜仲叶提取物有降血压、调节血脂等功能,能减少人体对胆固醇的吸收,煎液尚有扩张血管,增强机体免疫力功能的作用。
[0022] 当归:当归味甘而重,故专能补血,其气轻而辛,故又能行血,补中有动,行中有补,为血中之要药。现代药理研究表明:当归提取物具有促进造血、增强免疫力、抗炎抗菌的作用。
[0023] 淫羊藿:味性归经:辛、甘,温。归肝、肾经主治功能:补肾阳,强筋骨,祛风湿。补肾阳,强筋骨,祛风湿。用于阳痿遗精,筋骨痿软,风湿痹痛,麻木拘挛。
[0024] 蝮蛇:性味归经:蝮蛇甘、辛,温;有毒。归肝、脾经。保健作用:蝮蛇祛风攻毒,息风定惊,活血止疼。
[0025] 熟地黄:具有补血滋阴作用,可用于血虚萎黄,眩晕,心悸失眠,月经不调,崩漏等症,亦可用于肾阴不足的潮热骨蒸、盗汗、遗精、消渴等症。
[0026] 冬虫夏草:是一种传统的名贵滋补中药材,有调节免疫系统功能、抗肿瘤、抗疲劳等多种功效。药理学现代研究结果中,冬虫夏草含有虫草酸约7%,糖类28.9%,脂肪约8.4%,蛋白质约25%,脂肪中82.2%为不饱和脂肪酸,此外,尚含有维生素B12、麦角脂醇、六碳糖醇、生物碱等。据医学科学分析,虫草体内含虫草酸。维生素B12、脂肪、蛋白等。虫草性甘、温平、无毒,是着名的滋补强壮药,常用肉类炖食,有补虚健体之效。适用于治疗肺气虚和肺肾两虚,对肾虚阳痿、腰膝酸疼等亦有良好的疗效,也是老年体弱者的滋补佳品。
[0027] 枸杞子:具有滋补肝肾、明目安神、益面色、长肌肉、坚筋骨之功效,对肝肾阴亏、腰膝酸软、头晕目眩、虚劳咳嗽、遗精等症有显著效果。枸杞的性味甘平,中医认为,它能够滋补肝肾、益精明目和养血、增强人们的免疫力。对于现代人来说,枸杞最实用的功效就是抗疲劳和降低血压。此外,枸杞能够保肝、降血糖、软化血管、降低血液中的胆固醇、甘油三酯水平,对脂肪肝和糖尿病患者具有一定的疗效。据临床医学验证,枸杞还能治疗慢性肾衰竭。现代研究分析表明,枸杞所含的营养成份非常丰富。每百克枸杞果中含粗蛋白4.49g,粗脂肪2.33g,碳水化合物9.12g,类胡萝卜素96mg,硫胺素0.053mg,核黄素0.137mg,抗坏血酸19.8mg,甜菜碱0.26mg,另外还含有丰富的钾、钠、钙、镁、铁、铜、锰、锌等元素。近年来,我国专家通过大量临床实验,发现枸杞具有促进和调节免疫功能、保肝和抗衰老三大药理作用。
[0028] 桑椹:含有丰富的活性蛋白、维生素、氨基酸、胡萝卜素、矿物素等成分,具有多种功效,被医学界誉为“二十一世纪的最佳保健果品”。常吃桑椹能显著提高人体免疫力,具有延缓衰老,美容养颜的功效。
[0029] 大枣:大枣富含蛋白质、脂肪、糖类、胡萝卜素、B族维生素、维生素C、维生素P以及磷、钙、铁等成分,其中维生素C的含量在果品中名列前茅,有维生素C之美称。具有有补中益气、养血安神、健脾和胃的功效。
[0030] 龙眼肉:味甘、性温。入心、脾经。具有补益心脾、养血宁神、健脾止泻、利尿消肿等功效。适用于病后体虚、血虚萎黄、气血不足、神经衰弱、心悸怔忡、健忘失眠等病症。
[0031] 肉桂:补火助阳,散寒止痛,温经通脉。具有抗溃疡、镇痛、镇静、抗惊厥、解热、抗心肌缺血、抗血小板聚集、升白细胞、抗放射、抗菌等作用。
[0032]白茅根:含有芦竹素、白茅素、木蜜糖、果糖、葡萄糖、柠檬酸、草酸等。具有清热凉血,利尿的作用。
[0033] 益智仁:辛,温功效:暖肾固精缩尿、温脾开胃。
[0034] 丁香:性温,味辛,归胃、脾、肾经。中医认为,丁香的功效为温中、暖肾、降逆。
[0035] 甘草:甘草补脾益气,清热解毒,祛痰止咳,缓急止痛,调和诸药。用于脾胃虚弱,倦怠乏力,心悸气短,咳嗽痰多,脘腹、四肢挛急疼痛,痈肿疮毒,缓解药物毒性、烈性等作用。
[0036] 综上,以上诸药合用,具有良好的免疫调节,抗疲劳,补肾益肾的保健作用。
[0037] 为了证明本发明产品的滋补保健作用,对100例受试人作了系统的观察:
[0038] 受试人群:年龄在28-70岁之间,无心血管、肝、肾等严重原发性疾病。
[0039] 受试方案:饮用本发明产品酒,每日1次,每次饮用50-100ml。
[0040]时间:90 天。
[0041] 诊断标准:精神乏力,食欲不佳,体质差,爱生病。
[0042] 有效标准:神疲乏力感消除,精力充沛有活力,食欲增强,思维活跃,睡眠好,心情舒畅,体质明显增强,身体对外界刺激(冷热)抵抗能力增强,机体疲劳时间延后。
[0043] 经统计观察期间符合上述有效标准的98人,有效率达到98%。在饮用过程中未发现有不良反应,饮用安全。
具体实施方式
:
[0044] 实施例一:
[0045] 按下述重量配比称取各原料:
[0046] 黄精20份、人参15份、灵芝15份、锁阳10份、川芎10份、杜仲10份、冬虫夏草5份、熟地黄15份、枸紀子15份、当归10份、淫羊藿15份、蝮蛇15份、大率15份、丁香4份、龙眼肉15份、桑椹15份、佛手5份、山药15份、肉桂5份、白茅根15份、甜杏仁15份、橘红5份、益智仁15份、桔梗15份、甘草15份。
[0047] 其制备方法包括以下步骤:
[0048] 1)将黄精20份、人参15份、灵芝15份、锁阳10份、川芎10份、杜仲10份、熟地黄15份、当归10份、淫羊藿15份、蝮蛇15份混合均匀后加6倍量水,煎煮提取2次,每次3小时,100目滤布过滤,合并滤液,在温度为70°C,真空度为0.08Mpa条件下将滤液浓缩成相对密度1.20的浸膏备用;
[0049] 2)将冬虫夏草5份、枸t己子15份、大率15份、丁香4份、龙眼肉15份、桑椹15份、佛手5份、山药15份、肉桂5份、白茅根15份、甜杏仁15份、橘红5份、益智仁15份、桔梗15份、甘草15份混合均匀后粉碎成100-200目粗颗粒,加60°纯粮白酒没过药面渗滤得渗滤液备用;
[0050] 3)将15份冰糖熬化备用;
[0051] 4)将3000份60°纯粮白酒勾兑成35% V0L酒精度的酒液备用;
[0052] 5)将上述浸膏、渗滤液、熬化的冰糖放入勾兑成的酒液中搅拌均匀,静置陈化、过滤、装瓶即得。
[0053] 本发明产品红褐色酒液,服用方法及服用量:口服,每日二次,每次50_100ml。
[0054] 实施例二:
[0055] 按下述重量配比称取各原料:
[0056] 黄精25份、人参18份、灵芝20份、锁阳12份、川;12份、杜仲12份、冬虫夏草7份、熟地黄20份、枸杞子20份、当归12份、淫羊藿20份、蝮蛇20份、大枣20份、丁香8份、龙眼肉20份、桑椹20份、佛手8份、山药20份、肉桂7份、白茅根20份、甜杏仁18份、橘红8份、益智仁20份、桔梗20份、甘草20份。
[0057] 其制备方法包括以下步骤:
[0058] 1)将黄精25份、人参18份、灵芝20份、锁阳12份、川芎12份、杜仲12份、熟地黄20份、当归12份、淫羊藿20份、蝮蛇20份加8倍量水,煎煮提取2次,每次3小时,100目滤布过滤,合并滤液,在温度为75°C,真空度为0.09Mpa条件下将滤液浓缩成相对密度1.20的浸膏备用;
[0059] 2)将冬虫夏草7份、枸杞子20份、大枣20份、丁香8份、龙眼肉20份、桑椹20份、佛手8份、山药20份、肉桂7份、白茅根20份、甜杏仁18份、橘红8份、益智仁20份、桔梗20份、甘草20份粉碎成100-200目粗颗粒,加60°纯粮白酒没过药面渗滤得渗滤液备用;
[0060] 3)将20份冰糖熬化备用;
[0061] 4)将4000份60°纯粮白酒勾兑成38% V0L酒精度的酒液备用;
[0062] 5)将上述浸膏、渗滤液、熬化的冰糖放入勾兑成的酒液中搅拌均匀,静置陈化、过滤、装瓶即得。
[0063] 实施例三:
[0064] 按下述重量配比称取各原料:
[0065] 黄精30份、人参20份、灵芝25份、锁阳15份、川;15份、杜仲15份、冬虫夏草8份、熟地黄30份、枸杞子30份、当归15份、淫羊藿25份、蝮蛇25份、大枣25份、丁香10份、龙眼肉25份、桑椹25份、佛手10份、山药25份、肉桂10份、白茅根30份、甜杏仁20份、橘红10份、益智仁25份、桔梗25份、甘草25份。
[0066] 其制备方法包括以下步骤:
[0067] 1)将黄精30份、人参20份、灵芝25份、锁阳15份、川芎15份、杜仲15份、熟地黄
30份、当归15份、淫羊藿25份、蝮蛇25份加7倍量水,煎煮提取2次,每次3小时,100目滤布过滤,合并滤液,在温度为80°C,真空度为0.1Mpa条件下将滤液浓缩成相对密度1.20的浸膏备用;
[0068] 2)将冬虫夏草8份、枸杞子30份、大枣25份、丁香10份、龙眼肉25份、桑椹25份、佛手10份、山药25份、肉桂10份、白茅根30份、甜杏仁20份、橘红10份、益智仁25份、桔梗25份、甘草25份粉碎成100-200目粗颗粒,加60°纯粮白酒没过药面渗滤得渗滤液备用;
[0069] 3)将25份冰糖熬化备用;
[0070] 4)将5000份60°纯粮白酒勾兑成45% V0L酒精度的酒液备用;
[0071] 5)将上述浸膏、渗滤液、熬化的冰糖放入勾兑成的酒液中搅拌均匀,静置陈化、过滤、装瓶即得。

Claims (2)

1.一种益肾养生滋补酒,其特征在于制备其活性成分的原料是下列重量份的原料: 黄精20-30、人参15-20、灵芝15-25、锁阳10-15、川芎10-15、杜仲10-15、冬虫夏草5-8、熟地黄15-30、枸杞子15-30、当归10-15、淫羊藿15-25、蝮蛇15-25、大枣15-25、丁香4-10、龙眼肉15-25、桑椹15-25、佛手5-10、山药15-25、肉桂5_10、白茅根15-30、甜杏仁15-20、橘红 5-10、益智仁 15-25、桔梗 15-25、甘草 15-25。
2.权利要求1所述一种益肾养生滋补酒的制备方法,其特征在于包括以下步骤: 1)将黄精20-30份、人参15-20份、灵芝15-25份、锁阳10-15份、川芎10-15份、杜仲10-15份、当归10-15份、淫羊藿15-25份、蝮蛇15-25份、熟地黄15-30份混合均匀后加水煎煮提取,过滤,合并滤液,将滤液浓缩成浸膏备用; 2)将冬虫夏草5-8份、枸杞子15-30份、大枣15-25份、丁香4-10份、龙眼肉15-25份、桑椹15-25份、佛手5-10份、山药15-25份、肉桂5-10份、白茅根15-30份、甜杏仁15-20份、橘红5-10份、益智仁15-25份、桔梗15-25份、甘草15-25份混合均匀后粉碎成粗颗粒,用白酒渗滤得渗滤液备用; 3)将冰糖15-25份熬化备用; 4)将纯粮白酒3000-5000份勾兑成35— 45% vol酒精度的酒液备用; 5)将上述浸膏、渗滤液、熬化的冰糖放入勾兑成的酒液中搅拌均匀,静置陈化、过滤、装瓶即得。
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CN107412704A (zh) * 2017-08-08 2017-12-01 济南正迪网络科技有限公司 一种缓解疲劳的中药酒剂及其制备方法
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CN112933203A (zh) * 2020-11-26 2021-06-11 四川烨哼健康药房有限公司 一种抗疲劳改善性功能药酒的中药组合物及其制备方法

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