CN104383976A - Kitchen waste crusher - Google Patents

Kitchen waste crusher Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104383976A
CN104383976A CN201410604998.6A CN201410604998A CN104383976A CN 104383976 A CN104383976 A CN 104383976A CN 201410604998 A CN201410604998 A CN 201410604998A CN 104383976 A CN104383976 A CN 104383976A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
broken
broken roll
ratchet
cavity
roll
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410604998.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李宗武
吕继伟
卢乐健
孙成富
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHANDONG URBAN-MINING ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION GROUP Co Ltd
Original Assignee
SHANDONG URBAN-MINING ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION GROUP Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHANDONG URBAN-MINING ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION GROUP Co Ltd filed Critical SHANDONG URBAN-MINING ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION GROUP Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410604998.6A priority Critical patent/CN104383976A/en
Publication of CN104383976A publication Critical patent/CN104383976A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/30Shape or construction of rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/42Driving mechanisms; Roller speed control
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses a kitchen waste crusher. A two-stage crushing structure form is adopted; a first-level crushing roller group and a second-level crushing roller group are arranged up and down, and each first tearing ratchet wheel tooth arranged on each first crushing roller in the first-level crushing roller group is a helical tooth; each second tearing ratchet wheel tooth arranged on each second-level crushing roller in the second crushing roller group is a straight tooth; when kitchen waste passes through the first crushing roller group, large hard objects in the kitchen waste are crushed and torn, and then the torn waste is further squeezed and crushed into small particles under the effect of the second crushing roller group. Due to the design of the two-stage crushing structure, the kitchen waste crusher can run continuously and smoothly; in addition, gear drive is adopted, the drastic vibration caused by waste component nonuniformity in the crushing device can be eliminated effectively, and the problems of chain loosening and the like caused by the drastic vibration when the chain drive mode is adopted can be prevented.

Description

Kitchen garbage breaking device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of kitchen garbage breaking device.
Background technology
Changing food waste refer to abandon in food processing process food residue, food residues after diet and at washing foodstuff, scrub the raw sewerage produced in the processes such as tableware.Its composition mainly comprises the non-solubility organic matter of smashed peel bone, food particle, insoluble protein, cellulosic and starchiness state, and its composition is very complicated according to the difference of food.Owing to containing abundant nutriment in changing food waste, therefore, directly nature is discharged into if not treated, under the effect of preference temperature and bacterium, namely putrid and deteriorated in a short time, not only surrounding environment polluted, grow mosquitos and flies, occupy a large amount of soils, and cause a large amount of wastes of resource.Based on this, the research and development of food waste treatment equipment, effectively degrade and integrated treatment to changing food waste, and tool is of great significance by the minimizing and the recycling that realize changing food waste.
Kitchen garbage breaking device, as a kind of important food waste treatment equipment, for carrying out attrition crushing to changing food waste.During the lump such as at present, kitchen garbage breaking mainly adopts involute profile roller, and crushing effect is not good, process bulk bone, the form of its broken material is attrition crushing, is not easy blanking or easily occurs stuck phenomenon.
Summary of the invention
For the above-mentioned technical problem existed in prior art, the present invention proposes a kind of Novel kitchen garbage crushing device, can smooth broken bulk hard object, reduce the probability that breaker is stuck.
To achieve these goals, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
Kitchen garbage breaking device, comprises broken cavity, the broken roll stacks of the broken roll stacks of the first order and the second level; Wherein,
Broken cavity top offers charging aperture, and broken cavity bottom offers discharging opening;
The broken roll stacks of the broken roll stacks of the first order and the second level is all positioned at the inside of broken cavity, and the broken roll stacks of the first order is positioned at above the broken roll stacks in the second level;
The broken roll stacks of the first order, comprises the first broken roll of two lateral arrangement;
Each first broken roll is provided with multiple first and tears ratchet, and each first on two the first broken rolls to tear ratchet be mutual embedding state;
First tooth torn in ratchet outer rim is helical teeth;
The broken roll stacks in the second level, comprises the second broken roll of two lateral arrangement;
Each second broken roll is provided with multiple second and tears ratchet, and each second on two the second broken rolls to tear ratchet be mutual embedding state;
Second tooth torn in ratchet outer rim is straight-tooth;
First diameter tearing ratchet is greater than the diameter that second tears ratchet;
Ratchet torn by first broken roll each first, and to tear ratchet with each second on the second broken roll being positioned at below this first broken roll be mutual embedding state;
The broken roll stacks of the broken roll stacks of the first order and the second level adopts gear drive.
Further, broken cavity, is made up of the broken cavity of epimere and the broken cavity of hypomere; Wherein,
The longitudinal cross-section of the broken cavity of epimere is rectangular, and the longitudinal cross-section of the broken cavity of hypomere is trapezoidal, and the bore of charging aperture is greater than the bore of discharging opening;
The broken roll stacks of the first order, is positioned at the inside of the broken cavity of epimere;
The broken roll stacks in the second level, is positioned at the inside of the broken cavity of hypomere.
Further, broken cavity, comprises one first and installs wallboard and one second installation wallboard;
The broken roll stacks of the broken roll stacks of the first order and the second level is installed in the first installation wallboard and second and installs between wallboard.
Further, the first installation wallboard is provided with two the first transmitting gears and two the second transmitting gears;
The diameter of the first transmitting gear is greater than the diameter of the second transmitting gear;
Two the first transmitting gears are arranged on one end of one of them the first broken roll respectively, and two the second transmitting gears are arranged on one end of one of them the second broken roll respectively;
Two the first transmitting gears engage each other;
Between each first transmitting gear and the second transmitting gear below this first transmitting gear, arrange one separate and take turns, separate wheel and engage each other with the first transmitting gear, and separate wheel and engage each other with the second transmitting gear;
Install on wallboard second and be provided with a sprocket wheel and three bearing blocks;
Sprocket wheel is arranged on the other end of one of them the first broken roll;
Three bearing blocks are arranged on the other end of the broken roll of another one first and two the second broken rolls respectively.
Tool of the present invention has the following advantages:
The kitchen garbage breaking device that the present invention addresses, adopt two-stage cataclasitlc structure form, the broken roll stacks of the broken roll stacks of the first order and the second level adopts, lower arrangement mode, and each first broken roll in the broken roll stacks of the first order is arranged each first to tear hook tooth be helical teeth, each second broken roll in the broken roll stacks in the second level is arranged each second to tear hook tooth be straight-tooth, when changing food waste is through the broken roll stacks of the first order, bulk hard object in changing food waste is broken and tears, and then, the rubbish be torn is under the effect of the broken roll stacks in the second level, be extruded further and be broken into less particle.The design of above-mentioned two-stage cataclasitlc structure, makes kitchen garbage breaking device can continuous smooth and easy operation.In addition, what the present invention adopted is gear drive, and this kind of structure driven form can eliminate strenuous vibration in the shattering process caused because component of refuse is uneven effectively, avoids the problems such as the chain-loose caused because of strenuous vibration when adopting Chain conveyer form.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of Chinese meal kitchen of the present invention garbage crushing device;
Fig. 2 is the sectional view of Fig. 1 Chinese meal kitchen garbage crushing device;
Fig. 3 is a side view of Fig. 1 Chinese meal kitchen garbage crushing device;
Fig. 4 is the opposite side view of Fig. 1 Chinese meal kitchen garbage crushing device;
Wherein, 101-charging aperture, 102-discharging opening, the broken cavity of 103-epimere, the broken cavity of 104-hypomere, 105-first installs wallboard, and 106-second installs wallboard, and 107,108-first transmitting gear, 109,110-second transmitting gear, 111,112-separate wheel, 113-sprocket wheel, 114,115,116-bearing block;
201, the broken roll of 202-first, 203-first tears ratchet;
301, the broken roll of 302-second, 303-second tears ratchet.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and detailed description of the invention, the present invention is described in further detail:
Shown in composition graphs 1 to Fig. 4, kitchen garbage breaking device, comprises broken cavity, the broken roll stacks of the broken roll stacks of the first order and the second level.
Broken cavity top offers charging aperture 101, and broken cavity bottom offers discharging opening 102.
The broken roll stacks of the broken roll stacks of the first order and the second level is all positioned at the inside of broken cavity, and the broken roll stacks of the first order is positioned at above the broken roll stacks in the second level.
Changing food waste enters broken cavity by charging aperture 101, then under the fragmentation of the broken roll stacks of the broken roll stacks of the first order and the second level, is squeezed into little particle, is finally discharged by discharging opening 102.
The broken roll stacks of the first order, comprises the first broken roll 201,202 of two lateral arrangement.
First broken roll 201,202 is separately installed with multiple first and tears ratchet 203, and each first on the first broken roll 201 and the first broken roll 202 tears ratchet 203 in mutual embedding state.
First tooth torn in ratchet 203 outer rim is helical teeth, is conducive to broken bulk hard object.
The broken roll stacks in the second level, comprises the second broken roll 301,302 of two lateral arrangement.
Second broken roll 301,302 is provided with multiple second and tears ratchet 303, and each second on the second broken roll 301 and the second broken roll 302 tears ratchet 303 in mutual embedding state.
Second tooth torn in ratchet 303 outer rim is straight-tooth, is beneficial to broken relatively little changing food waste.
First diameter tearing ratchet 203 is greater than the diameter that second tears ratchet 303.
On first broken roll 201 each first tears ratchet 203 tears ratchet 303 in mutual embedding state with each second on the second broken roll 301 be positioned at below the first broken roll 201.
On first broken roll 202 each first tears ratchet 203 tears ratchet 303 in mutual embedding state with each second on the second broken roll 302 be positioned at below the first broken roll 202.
The broken roll stacks of the broken roll stacks of the first order and the second level adopts gear drive, the type of belt drive of this kind of structure, effectively can eliminate strenuous vibration in the shattering process caused because component of refuse is uneven, avoid the problems such as the chain-loose caused because of strenuous vibration when adopting Chain conveyer form.
Concrete, broken cavity, is made up of the broken cavity 103 of epimere and the broken cavity 104 of hypomere; Wherein,
The longitudinal cross-section of the broken cavity 103 of epimere is rectangular, and the longitudinal cross-section of the broken cavity 104 of hypomere is trapezoidal, and the bore of charging aperture 101 is greater than the bore of discharging opening 102.
The broken roll stacks of the first order, is positioned at the inside of the broken cavity 103 of epimere.
The broken roll stacks in the second level, is positioned at the inside of the broken cavity 104 of hypomere.
Broken cavity, also comprises one first and installs wallboard 105 and one second installation wallboard 106.
The broken roll stacks of the broken roll stacks of the first order and the second level is installed in the first installation wallboard and second and installs between wallboard.
Concrete, install on wallboard 105 first and be provided with two the first transmitting gears, 107,108 and two the second transmitting gears 109,110.
The diameter of the first transmitting gear 107,108 is greater than the diameter of the second transmitting gear 109,110.
First transmitting gear 107,108 is arranged on one end of the first broken roll 201,202 respectively, and the second transmitting gear 109,110 is arranged on one end of the second broken roll 301,302 respectively.
First transmitting gear 107 and the first transmitting gear 108 engage each other.
Between the first transmitting gear 107 and the second transmitting gear 109 below this first transmitting gear 107, arrange one separate wheel 111, solution wheel 111 and the first transmitting gear 107 engage each other, and solution wheel 111 and the second transmitting gear 109 engage each other.
Between the first transmitting gear 108 and the second transmitting gear 110 below this first transmitting gear 108, arrange one separate wheel 112, solution wheel 112 and the first transmitting gear 108 engage each other, and solution wheel 112 and the second transmitting gear 110 engage each other.
Install on wallboard 106 second and be provided with a sprocket wheel 113 and three bearing blocks 114,115,116.
Sprocket wheel 113 is arranged on the other end of the first broken roll 201.Bearing block 114,115,116 is arranged on the other end of the first broken roll 202 and the second broken roll 301,302 respectively.
Certainly; more than illustrate and be only preferred embodiment of the present invention; the present invention is not limited to enumerate above-described embodiment; should be noted that; any those of ordinary skill in the art are under the instruction of this description; made all equivalently to substitute, obvious variant, within the essential scope all dropping on this description, protection of the present invention ought to be subject to.

Claims (4)

1. kitchen garbage breaking device, is characterized in that, comprises broken cavity, the broken roll stacks of the broken roll stacks of the first order and the second level; Wherein,
Broken cavity top offers charging aperture, and broken cavity bottom offers discharging opening;
The broken roll stacks of the broken roll stacks of the first order and the second level is all positioned at the inside of broken cavity, and the broken roll stacks of the first order is positioned at above the broken roll stacks in the second level;
The broken roll stacks of the first order, comprises the first broken roll of two lateral arrangement;
Each first broken roll is provided with multiple first and tears ratchet, and each first on two the first broken rolls to tear ratchet be mutual embedding state;
First tooth torn in ratchet outer rim is helical teeth;
The broken roll stacks in the second level, comprises the second broken roll of two lateral arrangement;
Each second broken roll is provided with multiple second and tears ratchet, and each second on two the second broken rolls to tear ratchet be mutual embedding state;
Second tooth torn in ratchet outer rim is straight-tooth;
First diameter tearing ratchet is greater than the diameter that second tears ratchet;
Ratchet torn by first broken roll each first, and to tear ratchet with each second on the second broken roll being positioned at below this first broken roll be mutual embedding state;
The broken roll stacks of the broken roll stacks of the first order and the second level adopts gear drive.
2. kitchen garbage breaking device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, broken cavity, is made up of the broken cavity of epimere and the broken cavity of hypomere; Wherein,
The longitudinal cross-section of the broken cavity of epimere is rectangular, and the longitudinal cross-section of the broken cavity of hypomere is trapezoidal, and the bore of charging aperture is greater than the bore of discharging opening;
The broken roll stacks of the first order, is positioned at the inside of the broken cavity of epimere;
The broken roll stacks in the second level, is positioned at the inside of the broken cavity of hypomere.
3. kitchen garbage breaking device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, broken cavity, comprises one first and installs wallboard and one second installation wallboard;
The broken roll stacks of the broken roll stacks of the first order and the second level is installed in the first installation wallboard and second and installs between wallboard.
4. kitchen garbage breaking device according to claim 3, is characterized in that,
Install on wallboard first and be provided with two the first transmitting gears and two the second transmitting gears;
The diameter of the first transmitting gear is greater than the diameter of the second transmitting gear;
Two the first transmitting gears are arranged on one end of one of them the first broken roll respectively, and two the second transmitting gears are arranged on one end of one of them the second broken roll respectively;
Two the first transmitting gears engage each other;
Between each first transmitting gear and the second transmitting gear below this first transmitting gear, arrange one separate and take turns, separate wheel and engage each other with the first transmitting gear, and separate wheel and engage each other with the second transmitting gear;
Install on wallboard second and be provided with a sprocket wheel and three bearing blocks;
Sprocket wheel is arranged on the other end of one of them the first broken roll;
Three bearing blocks are arranged on the other end of the broken roll of another one first and two the second broken rolls respectively.
CN201410604998.6A 2014-10-31 2014-10-31 Kitchen waste crusher Pending CN104383976A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410604998.6A CN104383976A (en) 2014-10-31 2014-10-31 Kitchen waste crusher

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410604998.6A CN104383976A (en) 2014-10-31 2014-10-31 Kitchen waste crusher

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104383976A true CN104383976A (en) 2015-03-04

Family

ID=52601987

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410604998.6A Pending CN104383976A (en) 2014-10-31 2014-10-31 Kitchen waste crusher

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106733018A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-05-31 西南石油大学 A kind of two-stage crushes kitchen waste treater
CN108014873A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-05-11 陆应祥 A kind of food waste food processor
CN109022095A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-12-18 重庆理工大学 RDF fuel producing apparatus and RDF fuel process
CN109222233A (en) * 2018-10-08 2019-01-18 欧庆伟 A kind of vehicle-mounted ashtray method for cleaning

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH87339A (en) * 1920-02-13 1920-11-16 Kunz Hermann Fruit mill.
WO2007091674A1 (en) * 2006-02-10 2007-08-16 Max Co., Ltd. Sanitary item disposal apparatus
CN101579687A (en) * 2009-06-15 2009-11-18 力帆实业(集团)股份有限公司 Oil sludge recovery mechanism
CN201516352U (en) * 2009-09-30 2010-06-30 练其辉 Garbage primary crushing machine
CN102069026A (en) * 2009-11-21 2011-05-25 浙江嘉兴中达集团有限责任公司 Household waste treatment machine
CN202921384U (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-05-08 格林维尔(厦门)环保科技有限公司 Crushing mechanism of kitchen waste separating treater
CN203620683U (en) * 2013-09-10 2014-06-04 上海第二工业大学 Toothed roll crusher for treating waste toner cartridges
CN204294279U (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-04-29 山东城矿环保集团有限公司 Kitchen garbage breaking device

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH87339A (en) * 1920-02-13 1920-11-16 Kunz Hermann Fruit mill.
WO2007091674A1 (en) * 2006-02-10 2007-08-16 Max Co., Ltd. Sanitary item disposal apparatus
CN101579687A (en) * 2009-06-15 2009-11-18 力帆实业(集团)股份有限公司 Oil sludge recovery mechanism
CN201516352U (en) * 2009-09-30 2010-06-30 练其辉 Garbage primary crushing machine
CN102069026A (en) * 2009-11-21 2011-05-25 浙江嘉兴中达集团有限责任公司 Household waste treatment machine
CN202921384U (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-05-08 格林维尔(厦门)环保科技有限公司 Crushing mechanism of kitchen waste separating treater
CN203620683U (en) * 2013-09-10 2014-06-04 上海第二工业大学 Toothed roll crusher for treating waste toner cartridges
CN204294279U (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-04-29 山东城矿环保集团有限公司 Kitchen garbage breaking device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106733018A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-05-31 西南石油大学 A kind of two-stage crushes kitchen waste treater
CN108014873A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-05-11 陆应祥 A kind of food waste food processor
CN109022095A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-12-18 重庆理工大学 RDF fuel producing apparatus and RDF fuel process
CN109222233A (en) * 2018-10-08 2019-01-18 欧庆伟 A kind of vehicle-mounted ashtray method for cleaning
CN109222233B (en) * 2018-10-08 2020-12-22 嘉兴米世电器有限公司 Vehicle-mounted ashtray cleaning method

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