CN104381201A - Breeding method of chickens - Google Patents

Breeding method of chickens Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104381201A
CN104381201A CN201410574362.1A CN201410574362A CN104381201A CN 104381201 A CN104381201 A CN 104381201A CN 201410574362 A CN201410574362 A CN 201410574362A CN 104381201 A CN104381201 A CN 104381201A
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China
Prior art keywords
chinese
root
mass percent
extract
week
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CN201410574362.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曲田桂
赵永涛
吴德专
王海丽
马丕云
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Qingdao Tianrui Poultry Equipment Co Ltd
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Qingdao Tianrui Poultry Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410574362.1A priority Critical patent/CN104381201A/en
Publication of CN104381201A publication Critical patent/CN104381201A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/40Liliopsida [monocotyledons]
    • A01N65/46Stemonaceae [Stemona family], e.g. croomia
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/70Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for birds
    • A23K50/75Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for birds for poultry
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K33/00Medicinal preparations containing inorganic active ingredients
    • A61K33/06Aluminium, calcium or magnesium; Compounds thereof, e.g. clay
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/13Coniferophyta (gymnosperms)
    • A61K36/15Pinaceae (Pine family), e.g. pine or cedar
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/28Asteraceae or Compositae (Aster or Sunflower family), e.g. chamomile, feverfew, yarrow or echinacea
    • A61K36/282Artemisia, e.g. wormwood or sagebrush
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    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/28Asteraceae or Compositae (Aster or Sunflower family), e.g. chamomile, feverfew, yarrow or echinacea
    • A61K36/284Atractylodes
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    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/34Campanulaceae (Bellflower family)
    • A61K36/344Codonopsis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
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    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/48Fabaceae or Leguminosae (Pea or Legume family); Caesalpiniaceae; Mimosaceae; Papilionaceae
    • A61K36/489Sophora, e.g. necklacepod or mamani
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    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/53Lamiaceae or Labiatae (Mint family), e.g. thyme, rosemary or lavender
    • A61K36/539Scutellaria (skullcap)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
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    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
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    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/71Ranunculaceae (Buttercup family), e.g. larkspur, hepatica, hydrastis, columbine or goldenseal
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
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    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/71Ranunculaceae (Buttercup family), e.g. larkspur, hepatica, hydrastis, columbine or goldenseal
    • A61K36/716Clematis (leather flower)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/75Rutaceae (Rue family)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/75Rutaceae (Rue family)
    • A61K36/758Zanthoxylum, e.g. pricklyash
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/185Magnoliopsida (dicotyledons)
    • A61K36/86Violaceae (Violet family)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/88Liliopsida (monocotyledons)
    • A61K36/898Orchidaceae (Orchid family)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/88Liliopsida (monocotyledons)
    • A61K36/899Poaceae or Gramineae (Grass family), e.g. bamboo, corn or sugar cane
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • A61K36/18Magnoliophyta (angiosperms)
    • A61K36/88Liliopsida (monocotyledons)
    • A61K36/904Stemonaceae (Stemona family), e.g. croomia
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N59/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing elements or inorganic compounds
    • A01N59/06Aluminium; Calcium; Magnesium; Compounds thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/06Coniferophyta [gymnosperms], e.g. cypress
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/12Asteraceae or Compositae [Aster or Sunflower family], e.g. daisy, pyrethrum, artichoke, lettuce, sunflower, wormwood or tarragon
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/14Celastraceae [Staff-tree or Bittersweet family], e.g. spindle tree, bittersweet or thunder god vine
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/20Fabaceae or Leguminosae [Pea or Legume family], e.g. pea, lentil, soybean, clover, acacia, honey locust, derris or millettia
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    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/22Lamiaceae or Labiatae [Mint family], e.g. thyme, rosemary, skullcap, selfheal, lavender, perilla, pennyroyal, peppermint or spearmint
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
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    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
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Abstract

The invention provides a breeding method of chickens. The method is operated according to the following steps: A. mixing, namely, enabling Chinese herb extracts to be mixed into feed, wherein the mass ratio of the Chinese herb extracts to the feed is 2:100 in summer, 1:100 in spring and autumn and 0.5:100 in winter; using the feed mixed with the Chinese herb extracts for once every two weeks, and so forth; B. supplying drinking water, namely, enabling the Chinese herb extracts to be mixed into the water for the drinking of the chickens, wherein the mixing mass percent is 8% in summer, 5% in spring and autumn and 2% in winter; using the water mixed with the Chinese herb extracts for once every two weeks, and so forth; C. spraying for cages, namely, enabling Chinese herb extracts to be mixed into water, and spraying the water onto the cages and the chickens, wherein the mixing mass percent is 35% in summer, 20% in spring and autumn and 15% in winter; spraying for the cages and the chickens for once every two weeks, and so forth; operating the steps A, B and C to be in an intermittent, crossed or simultaneous way. The breeding method has the advantages that the method is simple and convenient to use, and is capable of effectively inhibiting the incidence of coccidiosis and improving cure rate of the coccidiosis, so that the harm of the coccidiosis to farmers can be avoided in the chicken raising process, and the loss caused by the coccidiosis can be reduced.

Description

The cultural method of a kind of chicken fowl
technical field:
The present invention relates to chicken fowl cultural technique field, particularly relate to the cultural method of a kind of chicken fowl.
 
background technology:
In the breeding process of chicken fowl, often causing chicken fowl dead because suffering from various disease, bringing about great losses to raiser, so defending and fighting against diseases is the key of cultivation.But along with drug abuse, the pesticide resistance of chicken fowl is more and more stronger, causes control efficiency low, with coccidiosis, in fact causes one of principal element of chicken fowl death.The life cycle of coccidia is short, and in 4 ~ 7 days latent period, fertility is very powerful, but each stage polypide of coccidia is only limited to intestinal mucosa and adjacent tissue thereof, and chicken once eats a small amount of egg capsule can't produce large harm.It is 20 DEG C ~ 28 DEG C that coccidia carries out sporiparous preference temperature, and humidity is greater than 20%, and oxygen is sufficient, and all chicken houses provide such condition just.Coccidia can be summarized as three aspects to the harm that chicken group causes: the morbidity in enormous quantities and the death that cause chicken; Chicken is hindered to grow normally; Reduce the price of deed.It is pathogenic different that the chicken of coccidia to different cultivars, age, sex shows.Generally speaking, the neurological susceptibility of young bird is comparatively large, and it is that male young neurological susceptibility is higher than female young, and the purer neurological susceptibility to coccidia of strain is higher because it obtains reliable immunity when children's age by low dose of superinfection that large chicken falls ill less.。Coccidia and other cause of diseases have collaborative pathogenic effects in addition, and intestinal bacteria such as the pathogenicity to coccidia such as Escherichia coli, salmonella has humidification, after coccidium infection, body also can be made to raise the neurological susceptibility of the disease such as ewcastle disease, the bursa of farbricius.
At present, coccidiosis age in days is changed in advance.Poultry in current China market with sterile products all to coccidia low effort.Conventional sky house disinfectant program can not kill the coccidian oocyst in hen house.Be thermokalite water and alcohol blast burner flame disinfection to the effective disinfectant measure of coccidian oocyst, such disinfectant measure can not carry out Continuous disinfection, and because corrosivity is strong and easily to implement damage, also seldom use in the sterilization of sky house.The resistance of coccidian oocyst is very strong, and generally can survive in soil 4 ~ 9 months, in the soil under tree shade, vitality reaches 15 ~ 18 months.Simultaneously in season and the area of warm moist, Development of Oocysts is very fast, and outside air temperature, 20 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C time, only needs just can form Sporulated in 18 ~ 36 hours.Therefore, in hen house, coccidian oocyst is difficult to remove clean, thus make chick enter hen house first day rise just be in coccidium infection threat among.Clinical signs is, the chicken group lower than 7 ~ 9 ages in days will break out coccidiosis.Along with the deterioration of broiler breeding environment, the phenomenon of low Day-old Broiler Chickens morbidity is more and more common.Morbidity long-termization.The coccidiosis of past broiler chicken multiple season being born in warm moist, but broiler chicken is based on airtight raising at present, and brood time temperature is higher, deficiency in draught causes humidity too high, makes the pathogenetic seasonality of coccidia no longer obvious.Resistance generalizes.For many years, broiler chicken coccidiosis mainly relies on medicine to control.Because cultivation level is low, lacks the medication guide of science, cause coccidia to produce general drug resistance.Investigation finds, in conventional aborning coccidiostat (ball clean, diclazuril, clopidol, the spirit of ball dysentery, Amprolium Hydrochloride, robenidine hydrochloride, Maduamicin A, draw arenomycin, salinomycin etc.), worm strain over half is only to a kind of medicaments insensitive, worm strain more than 80% is to a kind or 2 kinds of medicaments insensitives, and some worm strain is all insensitive to all medicines.As can be seen here, the drug resistance of coccidia is very general, and the leeway of effective medicine can be selected more and more less, and this is also the unmanageable main causes of a lot of regional coccidiosis.
The symptom of broiler chicken coccidiosis and pathology, clinical symptoms.Ground flat poultry morbidity is early stage discharges band bloody stool just once in a while, and quickening of searching for food at short notice, along with PD bloody stool increases, spirit is depressed, disorderly, anorexia, drinks for increasing feather pine, two wings are sagging, cockscomb, wattle color are pale, close one's eyes and seemingly sleep, shrink into oneself, near thermal source or squat in wall limit, lethality increases gradually.Cage bird, online flat poultry, normal infection small intestine coccidia, in chronic process, sick chicken becomes thin, intermittent diarrhea, and disorderly, eye closing shrink into oneself, feed intake declines feather pine, and ight soil is mixed with color filiform or granulation shape thing, carrot sample thing.Pathological change.Caecum coccidia sees the remarkable enlargement of both sides caecum, and increase thick, outward appearance is kermesinus or atropurpureus, and interior is kermesinus blood clot or watery blood, and is mixed with the downright bad material of intestinal mucosa, visible canescence fleck on the serosal surface of intestines wall.The middle leading portion of small intestine coccidia major determinant small intestine, intestinal tube increases thick, and intestines wall thickening, cuts off and turn up, and intestines wall is furnished with needle point size blutpunkte, intestines serous coat has obvious pale spot.Chronic coccidia sees the slightly large chicken of age in days, and mainly small intestine intestinal tube increases thick, intestines wall thickening, intestinal mucosa inflammatory swelling.
Problems existing in treating and preventing coccidiosis: too rely on medicine.Find that sulfa drugs can since anticoccidial since the forties in 20th century, develop more than 50 kind of coccidiostat, these medicines major part are applied in China, but owing to relying on medicine excessively, the problem that coccidiostat is caused aborning gets more and more.Abuse coccidiostat, accelerates the generation of coccidia drug resistance, shortens the drug use cycle; Anticoccidial drug residues in chicken, reduces meat quality, threatens human health; Add the medication expense of raiser, reduce culture benefit.Disinfectant measure defect.Current domestic nothing is exclusively used in the disinfectant of coccidia, and flame disinfection and thermokalite water sterilization are difficult to be applied because there is too much shortcoming, so become the key of domestic effective control coccidiosis for the disinfectant measure of coccidia.Therapeutic regimen is chaotic.Rotation and medication of shuttling back and forth prevent and treat the ideal therapeutic regimen of coccidiosis, effectively can avoid the generation of drug resistance, but the program does not obtain popularity application in raiser.A part raiser can talk without therapeutic regimen at all, and a kind of drug use is effective, and with regard to Long-Time Service, no longer rotation, does not shuttle back and forth.Also there are some veterinary drug producers, in order to improve the result for the treatment of of oneself product, expand market share amount, blindly multiple coccidiostat being carried out prescription, as easy as rolling off a logly make coccidia produce multi-drug resistant.
For the prior art of the control of coccidiosis, as Chinese patent application 20,091,009 35520 discloses Chinese medicine of a kind of coccidiosis and its production and use, composition is cotton horse rhizome of cyrtomium, granatum, Changshan, kuh-seng, field thistle.It also can mix water use by spike.As Chinese patent application 2009101578179 discloses a kind of chicken coccidia powder and preparation method thereof, component is Changshan, sweet wormwood, Verbena officinalis, talcum powder, kuh-seng, dextrin.As Chinese patent application 2010800253541 discloses a kind of coccidia control agent and the feed containing this coccidia control agent, it contains the cashew nut shell oil and/or anacardol that there are heating.As Chinese patent application 2011101713623 discloses a kind of medicine preventing and treating coccidiosis, it consists of: daimeton 450 ~ 600 parts, NSC 408735 110 ~ 130 parts, metronidazole 145 ~ 180 parts, etamcylate 80 ~ 160 parts.For another example Chinese patent application 2013101118152 discloses a kind of medicine preventing and treating coccidiosis, component: Changshan 5-15 part, sweet wormwood 5-15 part, golden cypress 5-15 part, Chinese violet 5-15 part, root bark of Chinese wolf-berry 4-12 part, Radix picrorrhizae 4-12 part, kuh-seng 4-12 part, radix paeoniae rubrathe 4-12 part, plantain seed 3-10 part, dried rhizome of rehmannia 3-10 part, fruit of summer cypress 3-10 part, fringed pink 3-10 part, pseudo-ginseng 2-6 part, radix cyathulae 2-6 part.And for example, paper " Chinese herbal compound preparation is on the impact of Eimeria tenella infected chicken blood parameters " it discloses the Chinese medicine compounds such as Phytolacca acinosa, the Chinese pulsatilla, Changshan has good result for the treatment of to coccidia.And for example paper " application study of Chinese herb prevention coccidiosis " it discloses some Chinese herbal medicines and has certain effect to coccidia, as Changshan, kuh-seng, mother chrysanthemum, clove leaf, Cordyceps militaris, black, the Chinese pulsatilla, Java brucea, garlic, these medicines of sweet wormwood can folk prescription or configuration compound use, mainly because of its containing alkaloid to coccidia generation effect.The capsule of weeping forsythia, radix bupleuri, the coptis, golden cypress, the root of large-flowered skullcap, rheum officinale, field pennycress, kitchen garden, Radix Isatidis, wolf's milk, eclipta have antibacterial and anti-inflammation functions, hairyvein agrimony, garden burnet, cogongrass rhizome, field thistle, sophora flower have anastalsis, said medicine all can be used as the adjuvant of coccidiosis, but, for how composite then without statement.For another example disclosed " status and prospectives of Chinese medicine compound prescription control chicken coccidiasis " discloses the Chinese medicine kind preventing chicken coccidiasis " Chinese veterinary pharmaceutical magazine " 4 phases in 2005, and expelling parasite class is as Changshan, the fruit of Rangoon creeper, Java brucea, hairyvein agrimony, the tuber of stemona, borneol, realgar etc.Heat-clearing and damp-drying drug class: kuh-seng, the coptis, the root of large-flowered skullcap, golden cypress, the Chinese pulsatilla, the bark of ash etc., antipyretic and antidotal type is as sweet wormwood, kitchen garden, radix bupleuri, cogongrass rhizome, dandelion, wolf's milk, Herba Andrographitis, field pennycress; Drugs for tonifying Qi and blood is as Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, cultivated land, the Radix Astragali, Radix Glycyrrhizae etc., and promoting blood circulation and hemostasis medicine is as the red sage root, peach kernel, charred RADIX SANGUISORBAE, hairyvein agrimony, the bletilla striata etc.According to theory of traditional Chinese medical science, it is evil that coccidiosis belongs to diseases caused by external factors worm, and be mainly in warm moist season, the evil impairment of blood and body fluid of worm, endoretention of damp heat is stranded spleen, therefore the few god of sick chicken feed is idle, arranges thin excrement, has mucus just, the trace of blood, thirst and liking drink, chilly flocks together, and cockscomb turns white, and body is become thin, and exhaustion is dead.Therefore treatment should kill worm heresy, reducing phlegm and internal heat dries is main, help vim and vigour, and cooling blood and hemostasis is auxiliary.
Based on above-mentioned prior art, purport of the present invention provides a kind of method simple on the basis of existing technology, easy to use, can effectively suppress the coccidia incidence of disease, increase coccidiosis cure rate, in poultry process, avoid coccidia to endanger raiser, reduce the cultural method of a kind of chicken fowl of the therefore sick loss caused.
 
summary of the invention:
The object of the invention is to overcome the shortcoming existed in prior art, there is provided a kind of method simple, easy to use, can effectively suppress the coccidia incidence of disease, increase coccidiosis cure rate, in poultry process, avoid coccidia to endanger raiser, reduce the cultural method of a kind of chicken fowl of the therefore sick loss caused.
In order to solve this technical problem, the invention discloses the cultural method of a kind of chicken fowl, it is characterized in that, operate in accordance with the following steps:
A, spice: Chinese medical extract mixes feed, Chinese medical extract with quality of the fodder ratio is, summer 2:100, spring and autumn 1:100, winter 0.5:100; Use one week and stop using one week, so repeatedly;
B, drinking-water: Chinese medical extract is mixed in water and quotes for chicken fowl, is allocated as mass percent 8% summer, is allocated as mass percent 5% spring and autumn, be allocated as mass percent 2% winter; Use one week and stop using one week, so repeatedly;
C, sprinkling cage house: Chinese medical extract is mixed in water, sprays cage house and chicken body, is allocated as mass percent 35% summer, is allocated as mass percent 20% spring and autumn, be allocated as mass percent 15% winter; Use one week and stop using one week, so repeatedly;
Steps A, B, C interval intersect or operate simultaneously;
So-called interval, for operating B after operation A, operates C after operation B, then continues from A, so repeatedly.
The while that so-called intersection being for operation A and B; Then operate C, or B and C simultaneously; Then operate A, or A and C simultaneously, then operates B;
Simultaneously so-called, refer to that ABC operates simultaneously, after stopping one week, continue ABC and operate simultaneously.
The component of described Chinese medical extract comprises Changshan, the tuber of stemona, each 50-80g of the Chinese pulsatilla, the each 40-60g of kuh-seng, sweet wormwood, cogongrass rhizome, Java brucea, the root of large-flowered skullcap, the bark of ash, Radix Codonopsis, the bletilla striata, each 30-50g of Chinese violet, comprise further: each 100-120g of the root bark of shaggy-fruited dittany, Levant Cotton Root, chenopodium ambrosiodies, rhizoma atractylodis, rattletop, Chinese holly, each 80-100g of the root of Chinese clematis, pine needle, each 60-80g of Chinese prickly ash, alum 5-10g.
Time prepared by Chinese medical extract, Changshan, the tuber of stemona, the Chinese pulsatilla, kuh-seng, sweet wormwood, cogongrass rhizome, Java brucea, the root of large-flowered skullcap, the bark of ash, Radix Codonopsis, the bletilla striata, Chinese violet are mixed, 120 orders are pulverized, add the benzinum refluxing extraction 3 times of 3 volume multiples, each 1 hour, filter while hot, reduced-pressure backflow benzinum obtains medicinal extract, medicinal extract adds 8 volume multiple mass percent 80% ethanol hot melts, mass percent 2.5% active carbon reflux decolour 1 hour, be concentrated into medicinal extract, extract dry is powder, after sieving, ultraviolet irradiation sterilization in 5 seconds, obtains medicinal powder;
By the root bark of shaggy-fruited dittany, Levant Cotton Root, chenopodium ambrosiodies, rhizoma atractylodis, rattletop, Chinese holly, the root of Chinese clematis, pine needle, alum, Chinese prickly ash, mix, with water extract method lixiviate three times, after three times leaching liquor merges, boiling obtains mixture of viscous form, adds CMC and flavouring; The mass ratio of CMC, flavouring is 2:1, the quality of CMC and flavouring and be the 2-3% of mixture of viscous form quality, pulvis is obtained after drying, pulvis is after ultraviolet irradiation is sterilized 10 seconds, add multiannensional-sine, the quality of the multiannensional-sine added is the 0.2-0.4% of pulvis quality, obtains pulvis after mixing;
Medicinal powder mixes according to mass ratio 3:1 with pulvis, obtains Chinese medical extract after mixing.
Advantage of the present invention is: method is simple, easy to use, can effectively suppress the coccidia incidence of disease, increases coccidiosis cure rate, avoids coccidia to endanger raiser in poultry process, reduces the therefore sick loss caused, is specially:
The present invention is (Changshan, the tuber of stemona, the Chinese pulsatilla, kuh-seng, sweet wormwood, cogongrass rhizome, Java brucea, the root of large-flowered skullcap, the bark of ash, Radix Codonopsis, the bletilla striata, Chinese violet) on the basis of common drug preventing and treating coccidiosis, further interpolation (root bark of shaggy-fruited dittany, Levant Cotton Root, chenopodium ambrosiodies, rhizoma atractylodis, rattletop, Chinese holly, the root of Chinese clematis, pine needle, alum, Chinese prickly ash), to strengthen the control efficiency of coccidia of going out.
Changshan, the tuber of stemona, Java brucea, kuh-seng drive insect medicine for conventional in conventional coccidia medicine, the Chinese pulsatilla, the root of large-flowered skullcap, the bark of ash are eliminating dampness medicine conventional in conventional coccidia medicine, sweet wormwood, cogongrass rhizome, Chinese violet are heat-clearing and detoxifying drug conventional in conventional coccidia medicine, Radix Codonopsis is drugs for tonifying Qi and blood conventional in conventional coccidia medicine, the bletilla striata is promoting blood circulation and hemostasis medicine conventional in conventional coccidia medicine
Active substance Shi fraxinellone main in the root bark of shaggy-fruited dittany, has insecticidal action.The composition gossypol of Levant Cotton Root has insecticidal action.The composition American wormseed oil of chenopodium ambrosiodies has anthelmintic action.The atractylol of rhizoma atractylodis has deinsectization effect.Cimicifugine in rattletop has deinsectization effect.The composition of Chinese holly is Chinese ilex Triterpene Glycosides, the Anemonin of the root of Chinese clematis or anemonol expelling parasite deinsectization, and pine needle contains and enriches amino acid, stimulates circulation, improves the function of capillary, improves immunity, increases hormonal secretion.The interior hemostasis of alum, antibacterial, external application desinsection, pepper volatile oil have anthelmintic action.
embodiment:
The cultural method of chicken fowl of the present invention, wherein, operates in accordance with the following steps:
A, spice: Chinese medical extract mixes feed, Chinese medical extract with quality of the fodder ratio is, summer 2:100, spring and autumn 1:100, winter 0.5:100; Use one week and stop using one week, so repeatedly;
B, drinking-water: Chinese medical extract is mixed in water and quotes for chicken fowl, is allocated as mass percent 8% summer, is allocated as mass percent 5% spring and autumn, be allocated as mass percent 2% winter; Use one week and stop using one week, so repeatedly;
C, sprinkling cage house: Chinese medical extract is mixed in water, sprays cage house and chicken body, is allocated as mass percent 35% summer, is allocated as mass percent 20% spring and autumn, be allocated as mass percent 15% winter; Use one week and stop using one week, so repeatedly;
Steps A, B, C interval intersect or operate simultaneously;
So-called interval, for operating B after operation A, operates C after operation B, then continues from A, so repeatedly.
The while that so-called intersection being for operation A and B; Then operate C, or B and C simultaneously; Then operate A, or A and C simultaneously, then operates B;
Simultaneously so-called, refer to that ABC operates simultaneously, after stopping one week, continue ABC and operate simultaneously.
The component of described Chinese medical extract comprises Changshan, the tuber of stemona, each 50-80g of the Chinese pulsatilla, the each 40-60g of kuh-seng, sweet wormwood, cogongrass rhizome, Java brucea, the root of large-flowered skullcap, the bark of ash, Radix Codonopsis, the bletilla striata, each 30-50g of Chinese violet, comprise further: each 100-120g of the root bark of shaggy-fruited dittany, Levant Cotton Root, chenopodium ambrosiodies, rhizoma atractylodis, rattletop, Chinese holly, each 80-100g of the root of Chinese clematis, pine needle, each 60-80g of Chinese prickly ash, alum 5-10g.
Time prepared by Chinese medical extract, Changshan, the tuber of stemona, the Chinese pulsatilla, kuh-seng, sweet wormwood, cogongrass rhizome, Java brucea, the root of large-flowered skullcap, the bark of ash, Radix Codonopsis, the bletilla striata, Chinese violet are mixed, 120 orders are pulverized, add the benzinum refluxing extraction 3 times of 3 volume multiples, each 1 hour, filter while hot, reduced-pressure backflow benzinum obtains medicinal extract, medicinal extract adds 8 volume multiple mass percent 80% ethanol hot melts, mass percent 2.5% active carbon reflux decolour 1 hour, be concentrated into medicinal extract, extract dry is powder, after sieving, ultraviolet irradiation sterilization in 5 seconds, obtains medicinal powder;
By the root bark of shaggy-fruited dittany, Levant Cotton Root, chenopodium ambrosiodies, rhizoma atractylodis, rattletop, Chinese holly, the root of Chinese clematis, pine needle, alum, Chinese prickly ash, mix, with water extract method lixiviate three times, after three times leaching liquor merges, boiling obtains mixture of viscous form, adds CMC and flavouring; The mass ratio of CMC, flavouring is 2:1, the quality of CMC and flavouring and be the 2-3% of mixture of viscous form quality, pulvis is obtained after drying, pulvis is after ultraviolet irradiation is sterilized 10 seconds, add multiannensional-sine, the quality of the multiannensional-sine added is the 02-0.4% of pulvis quality, obtains pulvis after mixing;
Medicinal powder mixes according to mass ratio 3:1 with pulvis, obtains Chinese medical extract after mixing.
 
Object lesson 1:
Zhong Tai plant 10000 chickens cultivate in a cage house, start to delivering for sale from chicken.Make with the following method:
A, spice: Chinese medical extract mixes feed, Chinese medical extract with quality of the fodder ratio is, summer 2:100, spring and autumn 1:100, winter 0.5:100; Use one week and stop using one week, so repeatedly;
B, drinking-water: Chinese medical extract is mixed in water and quotes for chicken fowl, is allocated as mass percent 8% summer, is allocated as mass percent 5% spring and autumn, be allocated as mass percent 2% winter; Use one week and stop using one week, so repeatedly;
C, sprinkling cage house: Chinese medical extract is mixed in water, sprays cage house and chicken body, is allocated as mass percent 35% summer, is allocated as mass percent 20% spring and autumn, be allocated as mass percent 15% winter; Use one week and stop using one week, so repeatedly;
Steps A, B, C intermittently operated;
So-called interval, for operating B after operation A, operates C after operation B, then continues from A, so repeatedly.
The component of Chinese medical extract comprises Changshan, the tuber of stemona, each 80g of the Chinese pulsatilla, the each 60g of kuh-seng, sweet wormwood, cogongrass rhizome, Java brucea, the root of large-flowered skullcap, the bark of ash, Radix Codonopsis, the bletilla striata, each 50g of Chinese violet, comprise further: each 120g of the root bark of shaggy-fruited dittany, Levant Cotton Root, chenopodium ambrosiodies, rhizoma atractylodis, rattletop, Chinese holly, each 100g of the root of Chinese clematis, pine needle, each 80g of Chinese prickly ash, alum 10g.
Time prepared by Chinese medical extract, Changshan, the tuber of stemona, the Chinese pulsatilla, kuh-seng, sweet wormwood, cogongrass rhizome, Java brucea, the root of large-flowered skullcap, the bark of ash, Radix Codonopsis, the bletilla striata, Chinese violet are mixed, 120 orders are pulverized, add the benzinum refluxing extraction 3 times of 3 volume multiples, each 1 hour, filter while hot, reduced-pressure backflow benzinum obtains medicinal extract, medicinal extract adds 8 volume multiple mass percent 80% ethanol hot melts, mass percent 2.5% active carbon reflux decolour 1 hour, be concentrated into medicinal extract, extract dry is powder, after sieving, ultraviolet irradiation sterilization in 5 seconds, obtains medicinal powder;
By the root bark of shaggy-fruited dittany, Levant Cotton Root, chenopodium ambrosiodies, rhizoma atractylodis, rattletop, Chinese holly, the root of Chinese clematis, pine needle, alum, Chinese prickly ash, mix, with water extract method lixiviate three times, after three times leaching liquor merges, boiling obtains mixture of viscous form, adds CMC and flavouring; The mass ratio of CMC, flavouring is 2:1, the quality of CMC and flavouring and be the 2-3% of mixture of viscous form quality, pulvis is obtained after drying, pulvis is after ultraviolet irradiation is sterilized 10 seconds, add multiannensional-sine, the quality of the multiannensional-sine added is the 0.2-0.4% of pulvis quality, obtains pulvis after mixing;
Medicinal powder mixes according to mass ratio 3:1 with pulvis, obtains Chinese medical extract after mixing.
Young chicken period coccidium infection rate 2.3%, in large chicken stage coccidium infection rate 2.1%, become chicken stage coccidium infection rate 1.8%.
 
Object lesson 2:
Kowloon, Jiangzhou Zhen Lijia plant 8000 chickens, start to delivering for sale from chicken.Make with the following method:
A, spice: Chinese medical extract mixes feed, Chinese medical extract with quality of the fodder ratio is, summer 2:100, spring and autumn 1:100, winter 0.5:100; Use one week and stop using one week, so repeatedly;
B, drinking-water: Chinese medical extract is mixed in water and quotes for chicken fowl, is allocated as mass percent 8% summer, is allocated as mass percent 5% spring and autumn, be allocated as mass percent 2% winter; Use one week and stop using one week, so repeatedly;
C, sprinkling cage house: Chinese medical extract is mixed in water, sprays cage house and chicken body, is allocated as mass percent 35% summer, is allocated as mass percent 20% spring and autumn, be allocated as mass percent 15% winter; Use one week and stop using one week, so repeatedly;
Steps A, B, C interlace operation;
The while that so-called intersection being for operation A and B; Then operate C, or B and C simultaneously; Then operate A, or A and C simultaneously, then operates B; (invention be preferably steps A+B carry out simultaneously, A+B stop using one week time, operating procedure C)
The component of described Chinese medical extract comprises Changshan, the tuber of stemona, each 70g of the Chinese pulsatilla, the each 50g of kuh-seng, sweet wormwood, cogongrass rhizome, Java brucea, the root of large-flowered skullcap, the bark of ash, Radix Codonopsis, the bletilla striata, each 40g of Chinese violet, comprise further: each 110g of the root bark of shaggy-fruited dittany, Levant Cotton Root, chenopodium ambrosiodies, rhizoma atractylodis, rattletop, Chinese holly, each 90g of the root of Chinese clematis, pine needle, each 70g of Chinese prickly ash, alum 8g.
Time prepared by Chinese medical extract, Changshan, the tuber of stemona, the Chinese pulsatilla, kuh-seng, sweet wormwood, cogongrass rhizome, Java brucea, the root of large-flowered skullcap, the bark of ash, Radix Codonopsis, the bletilla striata, Chinese violet are mixed, 120 orders are pulverized, add the benzinum refluxing extraction 3 times of 3 volume multiples, each 1 hour, filter while hot, reduced-pressure backflow benzinum obtains medicinal extract, medicinal extract adds 8 volume multiple mass percent 80% ethanol hot melts, mass percent 2.5% active carbon reflux decolour 1 hour, be concentrated into medicinal extract, extract dry is powder, after sieving, ultraviolet irradiation sterilization in 5 seconds, obtains medicinal powder;
By the root bark of shaggy-fruited dittany, Levant Cotton Root, chenopodium ambrosiodies, rhizoma atractylodis, rattletop, Chinese holly, the root of Chinese clematis, pine needle, alum, Chinese prickly ash, mix, with water extract method lixiviate three times, after three times leaching liquor merges, boiling obtains mixture of viscous form, adds CMC and flavouring; The mass ratio of CMC, flavouring is 2:1, the quality of CMC and flavouring and be the 2-3% of mixture of viscous form quality, pulvis is obtained after drying, pulvis is after ultraviolet irradiation is sterilized 10 seconds, add multiannensional-sine, the quality of the multiannensional-sine added is the 02-0.4% of pulvis quality, obtains pulvis after mixing;
Medicinal powder mixes according to mass ratio 3:1 with pulvis, obtains Chinese medical extract after mixing.
Young chicken period coccidium infection rate 2.1%, in large chicken stage coccidium infection rate 2.0%, become chicken stage coccidium infection rate 1.7%.
 
Example 3
Jimo Duan Bolan town cultivation basic point Mao Jia plant 6000 chickens, make with the following method from chicken to delivering for sale:
A, spice: Chinese medical extract mixes feed, Chinese medical extract with quality of the fodder ratio is, summer 2:100, spring and autumn 1:100, winter 0.5:100; Use one week and stop using one week, so repeatedly;
B, drinking-water: Chinese medical extract is mixed in water and quotes for chicken fowl, is allocated as mass percent 8% summer, is allocated as mass percent 5% spring and autumn, be allocated as mass percent 2% winter; Use one week and stop using one week, so repeatedly;
C, sprinkling cage house: Chinese medical extract is mixed in water, sprays cage house and chicken body, is allocated as mass percent 35% summer, is allocated as mass percent 20% spring and autumn, be allocated as mass percent 15% winter; Use one week and stop using one week, so repeatedly;
Steps A, B, C operate simultaneously;
Simultaneously so-called, refer to that ABC operates simultaneously, after stopping one week, continue ABC and operate simultaneously.
The component of described Chinese medical extract comprises Changshan, the tuber of stemona, each 50-80g of the Chinese pulsatilla, the each 40-60g of kuh-seng, sweet wormwood, cogongrass rhizome, Java brucea, the root of large-flowered skullcap, the bark of ash, Radix Codonopsis, the bletilla striata, each 30-50g of Chinese violet, comprise further: each 100-120g of the root bark of shaggy-fruited dittany, Levant Cotton Root, chenopodium ambrosiodies, rhizoma atractylodis, rattletop, Chinese holly, each 80-100g of the root of Chinese clematis, pine needle, each 60-80g of Chinese prickly ash, alum 5-10g.
Time prepared by Chinese medical extract, Changshan, the tuber of stemona, the Chinese pulsatilla, kuh-seng, sweet wormwood, cogongrass rhizome, Java brucea, the root of large-flowered skullcap, the bark of ash, Radix Codonopsis, the bletilla striata, Chinese violet are mixed, 120 orders are pulverized, add the benzinum refluxing extraction 3 times of 3 volume multiples, each 1 hour, filter while hot, reduced-pressure backflow benzinum obtains medicinal extract, medicinal extract adds 8 volume multiple mass percent 80% ethanol hot melts, mass percent 2.5% active carbon reflux decolour 1 hour, be concentrated into medicinal extract, extract dry is powder, after sieving, ultraviolet irradiation sterilization in 5 seconds, obtains medicinal powder;
By the root bark of shaggy-fruited dittany, Levant Cotton Root, chenopodium ambrosiodies, rhizoma atractylodis, rattletop, Chinese holly, the root of Chinese clematis, pine needle, alum, Chinese prickly ash, mix, with water extract method lixiviate three times, after three times leaching liquor merges, boiling obtains mixture of viscous form, adds CMC and flavouring; The mass ratio of CMC, flavouring is 2:1, the quality of CMC and flavouring and be the 2-3% of mixture of viscous form quality, pulvis is obtained after drying, pulvis is after ultraviolet irradiation is sterilized 10 seconds, add multiannensional-sine, the quality of the multiannensional-sine added is the 02-0.4% of pulvis quality, obtains pulvis after mixing;
Medicinal powder mixes according to mass ratio 3:1 with pulvis, obtains Chinese medical extract after mixing.
Young chicken period coccidium infection rate 2.0%, in large chicken stage coccidium infection rate 1.8%, become chicken stage coccidium infection rate 1.4%.
 
The experiment that Chinese medical extract improves immunity is compared:
Example 1, example 2, example 3 respectively select each 30 of the chicken of identical age in days (60 age in days), as experimental group one, experimental group two, experimental group three.
Select the chicken of 60 ages in days of 30 common daily rations of feeding as a control group.The body weight gap of the chicken of three experimental group and control group is less than 10g
Relatively 1 is as follows: control group and three each Stochastic choice of experimental group 10, be placed in dark environment and exposure environment, discovery for three days on end respectively repeatedly:
Relatively 2 is as follows: remaining experimental group and control group each 20 are merely hit, more often organize Stochastic choice 10, carries out mark, be then placed in same environment, then drop into the sick chicken 5 suffering from coccidiosis, carries out infecting experiment, observe after 3 days.
Relatively 3 is as follows: after above-mentioned twice contrast, control group and three experimental group respectively remain 10, carry out mark, are then placed in same environment, drop into the sick chicken 5 suffering from coccidiosis again, carry out infecting experiment, after 5 days, experimental group one has 3 to catch an illness, and experimental group two has 2 to catch an illness, experimental group three has 2 to catch an illness, control group has 7 to catch an illness, and is dissected by the sick chicken of three experimental group and control group, observes, detects enteron aisle.
By above-mentioned contrast, can find, the incidence of three experimental group is obviously lighter than control group, and control group incidence is serious.
 
Get chicken fowl 440 plumage of 40 ages in days, weight differences is less than 10g, and be divided into 11 groups at random, often group carries out mark, then only carries out nature with the sick chicken 100 of coccidiosis and raises together with and infect (time-division in summer)
Feed by the embodiment of the present invention 1 for 1 group, last 14 days,
Feed by the embodiment of the present invention 2 for 2 groups, last 14 days,
Feed by the embodiment of the present invention 3 for 3 groups, last 14 days,
Feed according to steps A feeding patterns in summer drinking-water of the present invention, last 14 days for 4 groups,
Feed according to step B feeding patterns in summer spice of the present invention, last 14 days for 5 groups,
6 groups are sprayed according to step C feeding patterns in summer cage house of the present invention, last 14 days,
7 groups use medicinal powder of the present invention (Changshan, the tuber of stemona, the Chinese pulsatilla, kuh-seng, sweet wormwood, cogongrass rhizome, Java brucea, the root of large-flowered skullcap, the bark of ash, Radix Codonopsis, the bletilla striata, Chinese violet to be mixed, 120 orders are pulverized, add the benzinum refluxing extraction 3 times of 3 volume multiples, each 1 hour, filter while hot, reduced-pressure backflow benzinum obtains medicinal extract, medicinal extract adds 8 volume multiple mass percent 80% ethanol hot melts, mass percent 2.5% active carbon reflux decolour 1 hour, be concentrated into medicinal extract, extract dry is powder, and after sieving, ultraviolet irradiation sterilization in 5 seconds, obtains medicinal powder; ), water mixing is drunk, and lasts 14 days, mass percent 8%;
8 groups use medicinal powder of the present invention, and medicinal powder and feeding quality are than 2:100, and feeding, lasts 14 days,
9 groups use medicinal powder of the present invention, the modulation quality that adds water percentage 45%, spray cage house, last 14 days,
10 groups use background technologies 2013101118152 technical scheme, feeding, lasts 14 days,
11 groups use common daily forage feed, last 14 days, as a control group
Above-mentioned each group in morning on the 15th on an empty stomach, record experimental session lethality, all chicken fowl killed again all carries out enteron aisle lesion score, collects ight soil and carries out coccidia counting, weight when slaughtering.
Data target:
Lethality=(often group infects chicken sum in the lethal chicken number/group of coccidiosis) × 100%
Rate of body weight gain=(average weight gain of the average weight gain/control group of each infected group) × 100%
The order of severity cuing open the enteron aisle of inspection after lesion score=pathology is scored respectively
Pathology value=often organizes mean × 10 of experimental group lesion score
Egg capsule counting=often organize in the ight soil of the 7th day infecting sick chicken, multiple spot chooses fresh excreta 5g, add 10ml physiological saline, stir, put into test tube with a scale and deposit 30 minutes, then add saturated aqueous common salt, do 10 times of dilutions, counting (counting is observed in Stochastic choice 5 visuals field, then averages) after mixing
Egg capsule ratio=(experimental group egg sac number/control group egg sac number) × 100%
Egg capsule value: egg capsule is than numerical digit 0-1%, and egg capsule value is 0.
Be 5 during 2-25%
26-50% is 10
Be 20 during 51-75%
Be 40 during 76-100%
Anticoccidial Index A CI:(percentage weight increase+survival rate)-(pathology value+egg capsule value)
It is 120 invalid that ACI is less than or equal to,
ACI is effectively medium at 120-160
ACI is good at 160-180
ACI is outstanding when being greater than 180.
 
The results list is as follows:
By above-mentioned comparison, can find, the ACI of embodiment 1-3 is greater than 180, excellent,
Independent employing steps A, adopts separately step B, ACI to be positioned at 160-180, respond well
Independent employing step C, ACI are close to 160, effectively medium
As the medicinal powder part of prior art, drinking-water and spice ACI are positioned at 120-160 interval, effectively medium.Spraying operation is less than 120, invalid.
As 2013101118152 technical schemes of prior art, ACI is positioned at 120-160 interval, effectively medium.
 
Select Chinese medical extract of the present invention, do the experiment of toxicity to rat:
Acute oral (LD50) > 500mg/kg,
It is acute through skin (LD50) > 2000mg/kg,
Belong to low toxicity.
 
The corresponding feed used in the present invention, in embodiment, in experimental group, control group is as follows: (for unified experimental standard)
The field corn 55.3% of chick, dregs of beans 38%, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1.4%, stone flour 1%, salt 0.3%, oil 3%, additive 1%.The field corn 58.2% of middle chicken, dregs of beans 35%, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1.4%, stone flour 1.1%, salt 0.3%, oil 3%, additive 1%.The field corn 59.2% of large chicken, wheat bran 2%, dregs of beans 22.5%, the dish dregs of rice 9.5%, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 1.3%, stone flour 1.2%, salt 0.3%, oil 3%, additive 1%.
 
Advantage of the present invention is: method is simple, easy to use, can effectively suppress the coccidia incidence of disease, increases coccidiosis cure rate, avoids coccidia to endanger raiser in poultry process, reduces the therefore sick loss caused, is specially:
The present invention is (Changshan, the tuber of stemona, the Chinese pulsatilla, kuh-seng, sweet wormwood, cogongrass rhizome, Java brucea, the root of large-flowered skullcap, the bark of ash, Radix Codonopsis, the bletilla striata, Chinese violet) on the basis of common drug preventing and treating coccidiosis, further interpolation (root bark of shaggy-fruited dittany, Levant Cotton Root, chenopodium ambrosiodies, rhizoma atractylodis, rattletop, Chinese holly, the root of Chinese clematis, pine needle, alum, Chinese prickly ash), to strengthen the control efficiency of coccidia of going out.
Changshan, the tuber of stemona, Java brucea, kuh-seng drive insect medicine for conventional in conventional coccidia medicine, the Chinese pulsatilla, the root of large-flowered skullcap, the bark of ash are eliminating dampness medicine conventional in conventional coccidia medicine, sweet wormwood, cogongrass rhizome, Chinese violet are heat-clearing and detoxifying drug conventional in conventional coccidia medicine, Radix Codonopsis is drugs for tonifying Qi and blood conventional in conventional coccidia medicine, the bletilla striata is promoting blood circulation and hemostasis medicine conventional in conventional coccidia medicine
Active substance Shi fraxinellone main in the root bark of shaggy-fruited dittany, has insecticidal action.The composition gossypol of Levant Cotton Root has insecticidal action.The composition American wormseed oil of chenopodium ambrosiodies has anthelmintic action.The atractylol of rhizoma atractylodis has deinsectization effect.Cimicifugine in rattletop has deinsectization effect.The composition of Chinese holly is Chinese ilex Triterpene Glycosides, the Anemonin of the root of Chinese clematis or anemonol expelling parasite deinsectization, and pine needle contains and enriches amino acid, stimulates circulation, improves the function of capillary, improves immunity, increases hormonal secretion.The interior hemostasis of alum, antibacterial, external application desinsection, pepper volatile oil have anthelmintic action.

Claims (2)

1. a cultural method for chicken fowl, is characterized in that, operates in accordance with the following steps:
A, spice: Chinese medical extract mixes feed, Chinese medical extract with quality of the fodder ratio is, summer 2:100, spring and autumn 1:100, winter 0.5:100; Use one week and stop using one week, so repeatedly;
B, drinking-water: Chinese medical extract is mixed in water and quotes for chicken fowl, is allocated as mass percent 8% summer, is allocated as mass percent 5% spring and autumn, be allocated as mass percent 2% winter; Use one week and stop using one week, so repeatedly;
C, sprinkling cage house: Chinese medical extract is mixed in water, sprays cage house and chicken body, is allocated as mass percent 35% summer, is allocated as mass percent 20% spring and autumn, be allocated as mass percent 15% winter; Use one week and stop using one week, so repeatedly;
Steps A, B, C interval intersect or operate simultaneously;
The component of described Chinese medical extract comprises Changshan, the tuber of stemona, each 50-80g of the Chinese pulsatilla, the each 40-60g of kuh-seng, sweet wormwood, cogongrass rhizome, Java brucea, the root of large-flowered skullcap, the bark of ash, Radix Codonopsis, the bletilla striata, each 30-50g of Chinese violet, comprise further: each 100-120g of the root bark of shaggy-fruited dittany, Levant Cotton Root, chenopodium ambrosiodies, rhizoma atractylodis, rattletop, Chinese holly, each 80-100g of the root of Chinese clematis, pine needle, each 60-80g of Chinese prickly ash, alum 5-10g.
2. the cultural method of chicken fowl according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, time prepared by Chinese medical extract, by Changshan, the tuber of stemona, the Chinese pulsatilla, kuh-seng, sweet wormwood, cogongrass rhizome, Java brucea, the root of large-flowered skullcap, the bark of ash, Radix Codonopsis, the bletilla striata, Chinese violet mixes, 120 orders are pulverized, add the benzinum refluxing extraction 3 times of 3 volume multiples, each 1 hour, filter while hot, reduced-pressure backflow benzinum obtains medicinal extract, medicinal extract adds 8 volume multiple mass percent 80% ethanol hot melts, mass percent 2.5% active carbon reflux decolour 1 hour, be concentrated into medicinal extract, extract dry is powder, ultraviolet irradiation sterilization in 5 seconds after sieving, obtain medicinal powder,
By the root bark of shaggy-fruited dittany, Levant Cotton Root, chenopodium ambrosiodies, rhizoma atractylodis, rattletop, Chinese holly, the root of Chinese clematis, pine needle, alum, Chinese prickly ash, mix, with water extract method lixiviate three times, after three times leaching liquor merges, boiling obtains mixture of viscous form, adds CMC and flavouring; The mass ratio of CMC, flavouring is 2:1, the quality of CMC and flavouring and be the 2-3% of mixture of viscous form quality, pulvis is obtained after drying, pulvis is after ultraviolet irradiation is sterilized 10 seconds, add multiannensional-sine, the quality of the multiannensional-sine added is the 0.2-0.4% of pulvis quality, obtains pulvis after mixing;
Medicinal powder mixes according to mass ratio 3:1 with pulvis, obtains Chinese medical extract after mixing.
CN201410574362.1A 2014-10-24 2014-10-24 Breeding method of chickens Pending CN104381201A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107308235A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-11-03 齐全农牧集团股份有限公司 A kind of Chinese medicine composition and preparation method for preventing and treating chicken coccidiasis
CN107711694A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-02-23 广西平南县平原农牧有限公司 A kind of diseases prevention method for breeding of short-foot high yield black boned chicken with black feather

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107308235A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-11-03 齐全农牧集团股份有限公司 A kind of Chinese medicine composition and preparation method for preventing and treating chicken coccidiasis
CN107711694A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-02-23 广西平南县平原农牧有限公司 A kind of diseases prevention method for breeding of short-foot high yield black boned chicken with black feather

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Application publication date: 20150304