CN104381016B - Crisp honey peach engrafting method - Google Patents

Crisp honey peach engrafting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104381016B
CN104381016B CN201410591485.6A CN201410591485A CN104381016B CN 104381016 B CN104381016 B CN 104381016B CN 201410591485 A CN201410591485 A CN 201410591485A CN 104381016 B CN104381016 B CN 104381016B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stock
scion
otch
honey peach
crisp
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
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CN201410591485.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104381016A (en
Inventor
应德华
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CHONGQING WANZHOU DISTRICT TAIYUAN AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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CHONGQING WANZHOU DISTRICT TAIYUAN AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410591485.6A priority Critical patent/CN104381016B/en
Publication of CN104381016A publication Critical patent/CN104381016A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G2/00Vegetative propagation
    • A01G2/30Grafting

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of crisp honey peach engrafting method, belong to forest planting technology field.It includes:In annual October to period by the end of November, the trunk of stock of the age of tree more than 3 years is sawed at the 50cm of ground 20;Until the mid-May of Second Year, the trunk of stock is sawed at the 80cm of ground 60, and the sprout of the part by the trunk of the stock within the 60cm of ground is extractd, and the top surface of the trunk in stock cuts 2 3cm smooth otch;Reach the crisp honey peach strong sprout of 1 year or so from growth and cut an inclined smooth otch as scion, and by the lower end of scion;Length of the otch along the length direction of scion is 2 3cm;Incision scion Jing Guo step B being inserted on stock, make the otch forming layer alignment of the otch forming layer and stock of scion, abut;The interface between scion and stock is wrapped with plastic foil or diaphragm, and discharges nutriment.The present invention can shorten the growth cycle of crisp honey peach, and disease pest infringement reduces, is more easy to store, and crisp mouth.

Description

Crisp honey peach engrafting method
Technical field
The present invention relates to forest planting technology field, more particularly, to the graft technology of crisp honey peach.
Background technology
One of grafting, the artificial nutrition propagation method of plant.I.e. the branch or bud of a kind of plant, another plant is grafted onto Stem or root on, two parts for making to be connected together grow up to a complete plant.Grafting is that have more after utilizing plant injury The function of wound is carried out, and the forming layer of scion and stock should be made to combine closely during grafting, to ensure that scion survives.Connect Branch or bud, be called scion, the plant connect, be called stock or platform wood.The general seedling from 2~4 buds of tool during scion, is transferred Turn into the top or top of plant after connecing;Turn into the root system part of plant after stock grafting.
The rule of peach need to could tie peach after grafting, and the wild peach of very little can only be tied without the peach of grafting.Often The engrafting method of rule is the bud insertion grafting of spring wood band, and growth period needs 3 years, and grafting is into current then, and next year is growth Phase, artificial flower is opened within the 3rd year, the 4th year starts to tie a small amount of peach.
The one kind of crisp honey peach as peach, is increasingly liked by people.But current crisp honey peach is although than other The crisp mouth of peach, but can not meet the needs of people.The production of traditional crisp honey peach cultivates plantation, growth week using cottage method Phase is longer, is easily encroached on by disease pest, and not tasty and refreshing enough.
The content of the invention
The present invention is for overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of crisp honey peach engrafting method, the purpose is to shorten crisp honey The growth cycle of peach, insect prevention are harmed, and improve honey peach mouthfeel.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, basic solution technical scheme of the invention is:A kind of crisp honey peach engrafting method, Comprise the following steps:
A:The culture of stock
In annual October to period by the end of November, the trunk of stock of the age of tree more than 3 years is sawed to apart from ground 20- At 50cm;Until the mid-May of Second Year, the trunk of stock is sawed at the 6080cm of ground, and by the trunk of the stock The sprout of part within the 60cm of ground is extractd, and the top surface of the trunk in stock cuts 2-3cm smooth otch;
B:The selection of scion
Reach the strong sprout without insect pest of the crisp honey peach of 1 year or so from growth as scion, the length of scion is 5- 10cm, and an inclined smooth otch is cut into the lower end of scion;Length of the otch along the length direction of scion is 2-3cm;
C:Grafting
Incision scion Jing Guo step B being inserted on stock, make the otch forming layer of scion and the otch of stock Forming layer alignment, abut;
D:Otch is wrapped
The interface between scion and stock is wrapped with plastic foil or diaphragm, and discharges nutriment.
In crisp honey peach engrafting method of the present invention, the otch of the stock and the otch of scion require smooth, and The bumps difference of whole otch plane is in 2-3mm.
In crisp honey peach engrafting method of the present invention, the otch above section reservation of the scion is at least one full Bud.
It should be advisable in crisp honey peach engrafting method of the present invention, during grafting when outdoor temperature reaches 28 DEG C -32 DEG C.
In crisp honey peach engrafting method of the present invention, the season of grafting is advisable in 5-7 months.
In crisp honey peach engrafting method of the present invention, 5 days before grafting of the stock, watering 1 time daily;After grafting 10 days daily watering once.
In crisp honey peach engrafting method of the present invention, grafting can remove plastic foil or diaphragm after 15 days.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
By technical scheme, the growth cycle of crisp honey peach can be shortened, disease pest infringement reduction, be more easy to store, And crisp mouth.
Embodiment
With reference to specific embodiment, the present invention is described in detail.
A kind of crisp honey peach engrafting method, implements according to below step:
A:The culture of stock
In annual October to period by the end of November, the trunk of stock of the age of tree more than 3 years is sawed to apart from ground 20- At 50cm;Until the mid-May of Second Year, the trunk of stock is sawed at the 80cm of ground, and by the trunk of the stock away from The sprout of the part within 60cm is extractd from the ground, and the top surface of the trunk in stock cuts 2-3cm smooth otch;
B:The selection of scion
Reach the strong sprout without insect pest of the crisp honey peach of 1 year or so from growth as scion, the length of scion is 5- 10cm, and an inclined smooth otch is cut into the lower end of scion;Length of the otch along the length direction of scion is 2-3cm;
C:Grafting
Incision scion Jing Guo step B being inserted on stock, make the otch forming layer of scion and the otch of stock Forming layer alignment, abut;
D:Otch is wrapped
The interface between scion and stock is wrapped with plastic foil or diaphragm, and discharges nutriment.
The present invention can shorten crisp honey by controlling the flatness of otch, the selection of stock and the strict examination of scion The growth cycle of peach, disease pest infringement reduces, is more easy to store, and crisp mouth.
During specific implementation:
Planting crisp honey peach of the present invention should not select saline-alkali soil to be planted, and otherwise be susceptible to suffer from iron-deficient yellowtop;Soil The hilly upland that earth glues weight should ditch building well, avoid soil lower floor ponding;Continuous cropping is avoided to plant peach.
Embodiment one
In October to the period by the end of November of First Year, the trunk for the stock that the age of tree is 3 years is sawed to apart from ground 50cm Place;Until the mid-May of Second Year, the trunk of stock is sawed at the 80cm of ground, and by the trunk distance ground of the stock The sprout of part within the 60cm of face is extractd, and the top surface of the trunk in stock cuts 3cm smooth otch;The stock is being transferred 5 days before connecing, watering 1 time daily;Reach the strong sprout without insect pest of the crisp honey peach of 1 year or so from growth as scion, scion Length be 9cm, and an inclined smooth otch is cut into the lower end of scion;Length of the otch along the length direction of scion is 3cm; The otch above section of the scion retains 2 full buds.
The otch of stock and the otch of scion require smooth, and the bumps difference of whole otch plane is in 2mm;Scion is inserted Enter the incision onto stock, make the otch forming layer alignment of the otch forming layer and stock of scion, abut;Should be during grafting Outdoor temperature reaches 30 DEG C;
The interface between scion and stock is wrapped with plastic foil or diaphragm, and discharges nutriment;10 days after grafting Watering daily is once;After grafting 15 days, plastic foil or diaphragm can remove.
The disease of crisp honey peach is significantly reduced by the technology, shortens Plant period, and just can hang at 3 years or so Fruit, the crisp mouth of fruit born.
Embodiment two
In October to the period by the end of November of First Year, the trunk for the stock that the age of tree is 4 years is sawed to apart from ground 30cm Place;Until the mid-May of Second Year, the trunk of stock is sawed at the 70cm of ground, and by the trunk distance ground of the stock The sprout of part within the 60cm of face is extractd, and the top surface of the trunk in stock cuts 2cm smooth otch;The stock is being transferred 5 days before connecing, watering 1 time daily;Reach the strong sprout without insect pest of the crisp honey peach of 1 year or so from growth as scion, scion Length be 7cm, and an inclined smooth otch is cut into the lower end of scion;Length of the otch along the length direction of scion is 2cm The otch above section of the scion retains 2 full buds.
The otch of stock and the otch of scion require smooth, and the bumps difference of whole otch plane is in 3mm;Scion is inserted Enter the incision onto stock, make the otch forming layer alignment of the otch forming layer and stock of scion, abut;Should be during grafting Outdoor temperature reaches 32 DEG C;
The interface between scion and stock is wrapped with plastic foil or diaphragm, and discharges nutriment;10 days after grafting Watering daily is once;After grafting 15 days, plastic foil or diaphragm can remove.
Reach more than 95% by the grafting rate of the technology, and significantly reduce the disease of crisp honey peach, shorten growth Time limit, and just can born fruit at 3 years or so, the crisp mouth of the fruit born.
Embodiment three
In October to the period by the end of November of First Year, the trunk for the stock that the age of tree is 6 years is sawed to apart from ground 40cm Place;Until the mid-May of Second Year, the trunk of stock is sawed at the 60cm of ground, and by the trunk distance ground of the stock The sprout of part within the 60cm of face is extractd, and the top surface of the trunk in stock cuts 2cm smooth otch;The stock is being transferred 5 days before connecing, watering 1 time daily;Reach the strong sprout without insect pest of the crisp honey peach of 1 year or so from growth as scion, scion Length be 5cm, and an inclined smooth otch is cut into the lower end of scion;Length of the otch along the length direction of scion is 2cm; The otch above section of the scion retains 2 full buds.
The otch of stock and the otch of scion require smooth, and the bumps difference of whole otch plane is in 3mm;Scion is inserted Enter the incision onto stock, make the otch forming layer alignment of the otch forming layer and stock of scion, abut;Should be during grafting Outdoor temperature reaches 29 DEG C;
The interface between scion and stock is wrapped with plastic foil or diaphragm, and discharges nutriment;10 days after grafting Watering daily is once;After grafting 15 days, plastic foil or diaphragm can remove.
Reach more than 98% by the grafting rate of the technology, and significantly reduce the disease of crisp honey peach, shorten growth Time limit, and just can born fruit at 3 years or so, the crisp mouth of the fruit born.
The technical principle of the present invention is described above in association with specific embodiment.These descriptions are intended merely to explain the present invention's Principle, and limiting the scope of the invention can not be construed in any way.Based on explanation herein, the technology of this area Personnel would not require any inventive effort the other embodiments that can associate the present invention, and these modes are fallen within Within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of crisp honey peach engrafting method, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
A:The culture of stock
In October to the period by the end of November of First Year, the trunk of stock of the age of tree more than 3 years is sawed to apart from ground 20-50cm Place;Until the mid-May of Second Year, the trunk of stock is sawed at the 60-80cm of ground, and by the trunk distance of the stock The sprout of part within the 60cm of ground is extractd, and the top surface of the trunk in stock cuts 2-3cm smooth otch:
B:The selection of scion
Reaching the strong sprout without insect pest of the crisp honey peach of 1 year or so from growth as scion, the length of scion is 5-10cm, and An inclined smooth otch is cut into the lower end of scion;Length of the otch along the length direction of scion is 2-3cm;
C:Grafting
Incision scion Jing Guo step B being inserted on stock, form the otch forming layer of scion and the otch of stock Layer alignment, abut;
D:Otch is wrapped
The interface between scion and stock is wrapped with plastic foil, and discharges nutriment.
2. crisp honey peach engrafting method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The otch of the stock and the otch of scion will Ask smooth, and the bumps difference of whole otch plane is in 2-3mm.
3. crisp honey peach engrafting method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The otch above section of the scion retain to A few full bud.
4. crisp honey peach engrafting method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:It should reach 28 in outdoor temperature during grafting At DEG C -32 DEG C.
5. crisp honey peach engrafting method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The season of grafting is in 5-7 months.
6. crisp honey peach engrafting method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:5 days before grafting of the stock, are poured daily Water 1 time;Waterings daily in 10 days after grafting are once.
7. crisp honey peach engrafting method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:After grafting 15 days, plastic foil is removed.
CN201410591485.6A 2014-10-29 2014-10-29 Crisp honey peach engrafting method Expired - Fee Related CN104381016B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN104381016B true CN104381016B (en) 2017-11-21

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105638256B (en) * 2016-03-25 2018-09-07 镇远县醉美果业有限公司 A kind of heart seedling-raising technique
CN108651033B (en) * 2018-05-08 2019-12-24 广德县东亭乡绘绿苗木种植家庭农场 Grafting method of chimera bi-arbor flowering peach

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN1977583B (en) * 2005-12-06 2010-05-12 张元存 Method for radical treating bleeding disease of grafted peach
CN102440165A (en) * 2010-10-08 2012-05-09 张媛媛 Method of cultivating amygdalus persica A.N. trees
CN102960185B (en) * 2012-11-23 2014-04-02 眉县果业技术推广服务中心 Grafting method for kiwi tree
CN103250570A (en) * 2012-12-20 2013-08-21 袁红 Method for grafting fruit peach using green plum as stock

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