CN104380994B - The mass-producing high yield cultivating method of a kind of bletilla striata - Google Patents

The mass-producing high yield cultivating method of a kind of bletilla striata Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104380994B
CN104380994B CN201410666249.6A CN201410666249A CN104380994B CN 104380994 B CN104380994 B CN 104380994B CN 201410666249 A CN201410666249 A CN 201410666249A CN 104380994 B CN104380994 B CN 104380994B
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bletilla striata
seedling
hardening
mass
producing
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CN104380994A (en
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昝永乔
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SHIZONG KANGDA ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE Co Ltd
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SHIZONG KANGDA ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The present invention discloses the mass-producing high yield cultivating method of a kind of bletilla striata, and the method comprises the breeding of seedling, hardening, field-transplanting, management in vegetative period, the management in bletilla striata vegetative period next year and gathers. it is an advantage of the current invention that to combine microbial technique with ecologic planting technology, the EM original solution used promotes the growth of plant fast, decompose the residual of medicine, shorten the cycle of plantation greatly and improve the output of the bletilla striata, compared with traditional kind method for planting, the plantation cycle time of the bletilla striata 1��2 year, within 3 years, can gather, bletilla striata rhizome after gathering is big, look is just, its per mu yield is 2��3 times of tradition rhizome cultivation, so just greatly reduce the risk of investment, early stage, the cost of investment of plantation was low, economic benefit instant effect, and high efficiency, pollution-free, bletilla striata industrialization can be met completely, the planting conditions of mass-producing, it is easy to apply.

Description

The mass-producing high yield cultivating method of a kind of bletilla striata
Technical field
The invention belongs to herbal medicine planting technology field, it is specifically related to the mass-producing high yield cultivating method of a kind of bletilla striata.
Background technology
The bletilla striata is that the orchid family bletilla striata belongs to per nnial herb, is mainly distributed in the ground such as Henan of China, Shanxi, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan. the bletilla striata is used as medicine with stem tuber, record is just had in " Shennong Bencaojing ", there is effect of tonifying lung, detumescence, myogenic, hemostasis, it is used for the treatment of tuberculosis hemoptysis, the haematemesis of bronchiectasis hemoptysis, stomach ulcer, hematuria, the symptom such as have blood in stool, in addition, the pattern of the bletilla striata is gorgeous, is also a kind of well landscape plant. so, on market the demand of the bletilla striata is very vigorous, in addition the wild bletilla striata of China's most area suffers excavating of transition in recent years, its natural resources is caused sharply to reduce, endangered edge, by one of country wild plant being classified as focused protection, in order to protect wild bletilla striata resource, artificial breeding and the cultivation bletilla striata are imperative, but although bletilla striata product has a large amount of seed, but owing to seed does not have endosperm, the condition sprouted is harsh, seed is made to be difficult to sprout and growth under natural condition, namely enable seedling is grown, seedling is extremely responsive to envrionment conditions, grow also comparatively slow, make the Field test difficulty of bletilla striata seedling. obviously, what the planting type that the bletilla striata is general mainly adopted is rhizome breeding and division propagation, above-mentioned two kinds of planting types all exist that output is low, quality is poor, plantation cycle length, breeding the feature that efficiency is low, consumption kind amount is big, and the cycle of growth is general all more than 5 years, make the planting cost in early stage big, economic benefit takes effect slowly, having a big risk of investment, seriously constrain the development bottleneck of bletilla striata large-scale planting, in addition, the vegetative propagation in long-term many generations, it is easy to the degeneration of seedling occur, the pharmaceutical use of the bletilla striata also weakens thereupon. therefore, develop a kind of plant that the cycle is short, cost is low, risk is little, breeding potential height, the large-scale planting method that can effectively ensure the bletilla striata high yield of bletilla striata quality be objective need.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve Problems existing in background technology, it is an object of the invention to provide and a kind of planted that the cycle is short, cost is low, risk is little, breeding potential height, the bletilla striata mass-producing high yield cultivating method that can effectively ensure bletilla striata quality.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this, and the mass-producing high yield cultivating method of a kind of bletilla striata, comprises the following steps:
1. the breeding of seedling: sapling multiplication adopts the type of rearing of tissue culture propagation,
A, seed selection: the wild bletilla striata plant selecting growing way vigorous, adopt the mode of human assistance to carry out pollinating between different strain flower at the florescence, gather the explant of ripe, full capsule as group training after 4��6 months;
B, nursery: train in liquid in previously prepared good group and add the EM original solution that volume ratio is 0.5-2%, then the seed inside capsule is soaked 3��4 minutes in iodine lies prostrate, with the moisture blotting surface after aseptic water washing 2��4 times with aseptic paper, finally the seed after sterilization is inoculated in group training liquid, reasonably regulate temperature, humidity and illumination, within 10��15 days, sprout sprouting;
2. hardening: move out of implantation and fill in the vessel of matrix by cultivating the little Miao after 30��50 days in group training liquid and carry out hardening, hardening temperature controls at 18��25 DEG C, the matrix of hardening chooses the mixture of carbon slag, coconut husk chaff, perlite, loess, and little Miao hardening can carry out field-transplanting in 1��2 month;
3. field-transplanting: selection quality is loose, the extremely neutral sandy soil of micro-acid, North and South direction opens railway carriage or compartment ridging, by line-spacing 25��30cm, spacing in the rows 20��25cm digs Miao Keng, then in each seedling is cheated, preset 0.2-0.5kg feces of livestock and poultry content is the farm manure of 10-30%, then it is implanted into 1 seedling in each seedling hole, waters permeable after earthing;
4. management in vegetative period:
A, intertill and clean tillage: after the annual bletilla striata plays seedling, growth animated period and results intercropping crop after carry out intertill and clean tillage;
B, rich water quality management: every time after intertill and clean tillage, all should topdress once, in addition when bletilla striata seedling height grows to 10��15cm, need branches and leaves spray the EM original solution insect protected liquid once diluting 800��1000 times, in the blossom fall latter stage of the bletilla striata, in addition it is also necessary to spray, from the root of the bletilla striata, the growth that a time EM original solution diluent of 500��1000 times is beneficial to rhizome;
5. the management in next year bletilla striata vegetative period: before bud film is sprouted in annual spring, every mu of EM original solution spraying 40��60kg is as base manure;
6. gather: bletilla striata cultivation is full after 3 years, after stem bar is naturally withered in late October, digs and get root, after removing root palpus and earth, the bletilla striata can be gathered in the crops.
It is an advantage of the current invention that to combine microbial technique with ecologic planting technology, the EM original solution used can secrete the organic acid a large amount of with synthesis, amino acid, enzyme, active hormones, antioxidative enzyme etc., promote the growth of plant fast, decompose the residual of medicine, accelerate photosynthesis and the metabolism of plant, shorten the cycle of plantation greatly and improve the output of the bletilla striata, compared with traditional kind method for planting, the plantation cycle time of the bletilla striata 1��2 year, within 3 years, can gather, bletilla striata rhizome after gathering is big, look is just, its per mu yield is 2��3 times of tradition rhizome cultivation, so just greatly reduce the risk of investment, early stage, the cost of investment of plantation was low, economic benefit instant effect, and high efficiency, pollution-free, bletilla striata industrialization can be met completely, the planting conditions of mass-producing, it is easy to apply.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further illustrated, but the present invention is limited never in any form, and any conversion done based on the present invention's instruction or replacement, equal embodiment belongs to protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
The concrete steps of the present embodiment are as follows:
1. the breeding of seedling: sapling multiplication adopts the type of rearing of tissue culture propagation,
A, seed selection: the wild bletilla striata plant selecting growing way vigorous, adopt the mode of human assistance to carry out pollinating between different strain flower at the florescence, gather the explant of ripe, full capsule as group training after 4��6 months;
B, nursery: train in liquid in previously prepared good group and add the EM original solution that volume ratio is 0.5%, then the seed inside capsule is soaked 3��4 minutes in iodine lies prostrate, with the moisture blotting surface after aseptic water washing 2��4 times with aseptic paper, finally the seed after sterilization is inoculated in group training liquid, reasonably regulate temperature, humidity and illumination, within 15 days, sprout sprouting;
2. hardening: move out of implantation and fill in the vessel of matrix by cultivating the little Miao after 30��50 days in group training liquid and carry out hardening, hardening temperature controls at 18��25 DEG C, the matrix of hardening chooses the mixture of carbon slag, coconut husk chaff, perlite, loess, and little Miao hardening can carry out field-transplanting in 1 month;
3. field-transplanting: selection quality is loose, the extremely neutral sandy soil of micro-acid, North and South direction opens railway carriage or compartment ridging, by line-spacing 25��30cm, spacing in the rows 20��25cm digs Miao Keng, then in each seedling is cheated, preset 0.2��0.5kg feces of livestock and poultry content is the farm manure of 10%, is also added with the rare earth of 1%, and farm manure is the farm manure naturally become thoroughly decomposed with the ight soil of sheep in sheepfold in farm manure, finally it is implanted into 1 seedling in each seedling hole, waters permeable after earthing;
4. management in vegetative period:
A, intertill and clean tillage: after the annual bletilla striata plays seedling, growth animated period and results intercropping crop after carry out intertill and clean tillage;
B, rich water quality management: every time after intertill and clean tillage, all should topdress once, in addition when bletilla striata seedling height grows to 10��15cm, need branches and leaves spray the EM original solution insect protected liquid once diluting 800 times, in the blossom fall latter stage of the bletilla striata, in addition it is also necessary to spray, from the root of the bletilla striata, the growth that a time EM original solution diluent of 500 times is beneficial to rhizome;
5. the management in next year bletilla striata vegetative period: before bud film is sprouted in annual spring, every mu of EM original solution spraying 40kg is as base manure;
6. gather: bletilla striata cultivation is full after 3 years, after stem bar is naturally withered in late October, digs and get root, after removing root palpus and earth, the bletilla striata can be gathered in the crops.
Embodiment 2:
The concrete steps of the present embodiment are as follows:
1. the breeding of seedling: sapling multiplication adopts the type of rearing of tissue culture propagation,
A, seed selection: the wild bletilla striata plant selecting growing way vigorous, adopt the mode of human assistance to carry out pollinating between different strain flower at the florescence, gather the explant of ripe, full capsule as group training after 4��6 months;
B, nursery: train in liquid in previously prepared good group and add the EM original solution that volume ratio is 1.3%, then the seed inside capsule is soaked 3��4 minutes in iodine lies prostrate, with the moisture blotting surface after aseptic water washing 2��4 times with aseptic paper, finally the seed after sterilization is inoculated in group training liquid, reasonably regulate temperature, humidity and illumination, within 12 days, sprout sprouting;
2. hardening: move out of implantation and fill in the vessel of matrix by cultivating the little Miao after 30��50 days in group training liquid and carry out hardening, hardening temperature controls at 18��25 DEG C, the matrix of hardening chooses the mixture of carbon slag, coconut husk chaff, perlite, loess, and little Miao hardening can carry out field-transplanting in 1��2 month;
3. field-transplanting: selection quality is loose, the extremely neutral sandy soil of micro-acid, North and South direction opens railway carriage or compartment ridging, by line-spacing 25��30cm, spacing in the rows 20��25cm digs Miao Keng, then in each seedling is cheated, preset 0.2��0.5kg feces of livestock and poultry content is the farm manure of 20%, is also added with the rare earth of 0.8%, and farm manure is the farm manure naturally become thoroughly decomposed with the ight soil of sheep in sheepfold in farm manure, finally it is implanted into 1 seedling in each seedling hole, waters permeable after earthing;
4. management in vegetative period:
A, intertill and clean tillage: after its seedling of the annual bletilla striata, growth animated period and results intercropping crop after need intertill and clean tillage 1
B, rich water quality management: every time after intertill and clean tillage, all should topdress once, in addition when bletilla striata seedling height grows to 10��15cm, need branches and leaves spray the EM original solution insect protected liquid once diluting 900 times, in the blossom fall latter stage of the bletilla striata, in addition it is also necessary to spray, from the root of the bletilla striata, the growth that a time EM original solution diluent of 750 times is beneficial to rhizome;
5. the management in next year bletilla striata vegetative period: before bud film is sprouted in annual spring, every mu of EM original solution spraying 50kg is as base manure;
6. gather: bletilla striata cultivation is full after 3 years, after stem bar is naturally withered in late October, digs and get root, after removing root palpus and earth, the bletilla striata can be gathered in the crops.
Embodiment 3:
The concrete steps of the present embodiment are as follows:
1. the breeding of seedling: sapling multiplication adopts the type of rearing of tissue culture propagation,
A, seed selection: the wild bletilla striata plant selecting growing way vigorous, adopt the mode of human assistance to carry out pollinating between different strain flower at the florescence, gather the explant of ripe, full capsule as group training after 4��6 months;
B, nursery: train in liquid in previously prepared good group and add the EM original solution that volume ratio is 2%, then the seed inside capsule is soaked 3��4 minutes in iodine lies prostrate, with the moisture blotting surface after aseptic water washing 2��4 times with aseptic paper, finally the seed after sterilization is inoculated in group training liquid, reasonably regulate temperature, humidity and illumination, within 10��15 days, sprout sprouting;
2. hardening: move out of implantation and fill in the vessel of matrix by cultivating the little Miao after 30��50 days in group training liquid and carry out hardening, hardening temperature controls at 18��25 DEG C, the matrix of hardening chooses the mixture of carbon slag, coconut husk chaff, perlite, loess, and little Miao hardening can carry out field-transplanting in 1��2 month;
3. field-transplanting: selection quality is loose, the extremely neutral sandy soil of micro-acid, North and South direction opens railway carriage or compartment ridging, by line-spacing 25��30cm, spacing in the rows 20��25cm digs Miao Keng, then in each seedling is cheated, preset 0.2��0.5kg feces of livestock and poultry content is the farm manure of 30%, is also added with the rare earth of 0.5%, and farm manure is the farm manure naturally become thoroughly decomposed with the ight soil of sheep in sheepfold in farm manure, finally it is implanted into 1 seedling in each seedling hole, waters permeable after earthing;
4. management in vegetative period:
A, intertill and clean tillage: after its seedling of the annual bletilla striata, growth animated period and results intercropping crop after need intertill and clean tillage 1
B, rich water quality management: every time after intertill and clean tillage, all should topdress once, in addition when bletilla striata seedling height grows to 10��15cm, need branches and leaves spray the EM original solution insect protected liquid once diluting 1000 times, in the blossom fall latter stage of the bletilla striata, in addition it is also necessary to spray, from the root of the bletilla striata, the growth that a time EM original solution diluent of 1000 times is beneficial to rhizome;
5. the management in next year bletilla striata vegetative period: before bud film is sprouted in annual spring, every mu of EM original solution spraying 40��60kg is as base manure;
6. gather: bletilla striata cultivation is full after 3 years, after stem bar is naturally withered in late October, digs and get root, after removing root palpus and earth, the bletilla striata can be gathered in the crops.
Adopt the bletilla striata of the cultivating method plantation of above-described embodiment 1��3, quality better, rhizome plumpness, color are just compared with the bletilla striata of traditional 5 terms plantation, the plantation cycle contracts 2 years, every per mu yield improves 2��3 times, and through test determination, it may also be useful to its nutrition of the bletilla striata of EM original solution cultivation improves 10��15%, and after edible, delicious flavour, mouthfeel are all good, there is higher nutritive value and health-care effect, reach nuisanceless completely, natural green food outlet standard.

Claims (3)

1. the mass-producing high yield cultivating method of a bletilla striata, it is characterised in that, comprise the following steps:
1. the breeding of seedling: sapling multiplication adopts the type of rearing of tissue culture propagation,
A, seed selection: the wild bletilla striata plant selecting growing way vigorous, adopt the mode of human assistance to carry out pollinating between different strain flower at the florescence, gather the explant of ripe, full capsule as group training after 4��6 months;
B, nursery: train in liquid in previously prepared good group and add the EM original solution that volume ratio is 0.5-2%, then the seed inside capsule is soaked 3��4 minutes in iodine lies prostrate, with the moisture blotting surface after aseptic water washing 2��4 times with aseptic paper, finally the seed after sterilization is inoculated in group training liquid, reasonably regulate temperature, humidity and illumination, within 10��15 days, sprout sprouting;
2. hardening: move out of implantation and fill in the vessel of matrix by cultivating the little Miao after 30��50 days in group training liquid and carry out hardening, hardening temperature controls at 18��25 DEG C, the matrix of hardening chooses the mixture of carbon slag, coconut husk chaff, perlite, loess, and little Miao hardening can carry out field-transplanting in 1��2 month;
3. field-transplanting: selection quality is loose, the extremely neutral sandy soil of micro-acid, North and South direction opens railway carriage or compartment ridging, by line-spacing 25��30cm, spacing in the rows 20��25cm digs Miao Keng, then in each seedling is cheated, preset 0.2-0.5kg feces of livestock and poultry content is the farm manure of 10-30%, then it is implanted into 1 seedling in each seedling hole, waters permeable after earthing;
4. management in vegetative period:
A, intertill and clean tillage: after the annual bletilla striata plays seedling, growth animated period and results intercropping crop after carry out intertill and clean tillage;
B, rich water quality management: every time after intertill and clean tillage, all should topdress once, in addition when bletilla striata seedling height grows to 10��15cm, need branches and leaves spray the EM original solution insect protected liquid once diluting 800��1000 times, in the blossom fall latter stage of the bletilla striata, in addition it is also necessary to spray, from the root of the bletilla striata, the growth that a time EM original solution diluent of 500��1000 times is beneficial to rhizome;
5. the management in next year bletilla striata vegetative period: before bud film is sprouted in annual spring, every mu of EM original solution spraying 40��60kg is as base manure;
6. gather: bletilla striata cultivation is full after 3 years, after stem bar is naturally withered in late October, digs and get root, after removing root palpus and earth, the bletilla striata can be gathered in the crops.
2. the mass-producing high yield cultivating method of a kind of bletilla striata according to claim 1: it is characterized in that: the rare earth being also added with 0.5-1% in the farm manure that 3. above-mentioned steps is used.
3. the mass-producing high yield cultivating method of a kind of bletilla striata according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: above-mentioned steps 3. in the farm manure used be the farm manure naturally become thoroughly decomposed with the ight soil of sheep in sheepfold.
CN201410666249.6A 2014-11-20 2014-11-20 The mass-producing high yield cultivating method of a kind of bletilla striata Expired - Fee Related CN104380994B (en)

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CN105519350B (en) * 2015-12-14 2018-07-03 广西壮族自治区药用植物园 The method of quick production bletilla seedling
CN105815068A (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-08-03 镇远县道益堂生物科技有限公司 Method for producing bletilla striata seed stems
CN105766322A (en) * 2016-03-22 2016-07-20 镇远县道益堂生物科技有限公司 Bletilla striata planting method
CN106105666A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-16 贵州省蕙安农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of Pseudobulbus Bletillae (Rhizoma Bletillae) and Ramulus Uncariae Cum Uncis interplanting method
CN106358932A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-01 金寨县东盛家庭农场 Bletilla striata planting method
CN106478253A (en) * 2016-10-14 2017-03-08 贵州万重山生态农业开发有限公司 A kind of two-part Pseudobulbus Bletillae (Rhizoma Bletillae) direct sowing and seedling method
CN107371626A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-11-24 湖北京丰农业有限公司 Bletilla pick and process is packed and conveying method
CN107182788A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-09-22 中国科学院武汉植物园 The propagation method of bletilla seedling
CN107278595A (en) * 2017-08-01 2017-10-24 广西桂平市石龙镇江夏种养专业合作社 A kind of standardized cultivation method of bletilla striata high yield
CN107318437A (en) * 2017-08-01 2017-11-07 桂平市金田镇旷福淮山种植专业合作社 The bletilla striata and the interplanting method of Qarnet Chinese yam
CN108575622A (en) * 2018-01-17 2018-09-28 刘雅文 A kind of interplanting method of bletilla striata and chaenomeles speciosa nakai
CN108522163A (en) * 2018-05-15 2018-09-14 皖西学院 A kind of bletilla striata and Snakegourd Fruit intercropping cultural method
CN109006331A (en) * 2018-06-22 2018-12-18 广西陆川县兰辉农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of the bletilla striata
CN110896818A (en) * 2019-12-10 2020-03-24 岳阳蓝田农业科技有限公司 Bletilla seedling and standardized cultivation method

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CN101940158A (en) * 2009-07-09 2011-01-12 正安县绿野科技产业有限责任公司 Method for rapidly propagating plantlets by utilizing bletilla striata seeds
CN103314855A (en) * 2013-07-08 2013-09-25 重庆市秀山红星中药材开发有限公司 Bletilla seed tissue culture propagation method
CN103404266B (en) * 2013-08-05 2014-07-23 陕西师范大学 Propagation method of bletilla striata
CN104041276A (en) * 2014-06-13 2014-09-17 江苏茅山地道中药材种植有限公司 Pollution-free bletilla striata cultivation method
CN104145816B (en) * 2014-07-29 2016-03-23 郎溪县紫兰药材种植专业合作社 Bletilla striata tissue culture method

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