CN104377516A - Socket capable of realizing complete outage after electric device is shut down - Google Patents

Socket capable of realizing complete outage after electric device is shut down Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104377516A
CN104377516A CN 201410625209 CN201410625209A CN104377516A CN 104377516 A CN104377516 A CN 104377516A CN 201410625209 CN201410625209 CN 201410625209 CN 201410625209 A CN201410625209 A CN 201410625209A CN 104377516 A CN104377516 A CN 104377516A
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Prior art keywords
switch
electrical
signal
power
provided
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CN 201410625209
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104377516B (en )
Inventor
徐湘忆
吴天逸
陈璐
李悦
毛玮韵
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国网上海市电力公司
华东电力试验研究院有限公司
上海诸光机械有限公司
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RLINE CONNECTORS; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00-H01R33/00
    • H01R13/66Structural association with built-in electrical component
    • H01R13/665Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in electronic circuit
    • H01R13/6675Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in electronic circuit with built-in power supply
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RLINE CONNECTORS; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00-H01R33/00
    • H01R13/66Structural association with built-in electrical component
    • H01R13/70Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in switch
    • H01R13/713Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in switch the switch being a safety switch
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RLINE CONNECTORS; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00-H01R33/00
    • H01R13/66Structural association with built-in electrical component
    • H01R13/70Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in switch
    • H01R13/713Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in switch the switch being a safety switch
    • H01R13/7132Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in switch the switch being a safety switch having ejecting mechanisms

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of electric devices, and further relates to the field of power supplies, in particular to a socket capable of realizing a complete outage after an electric device is shut down. The socket comprises a power leading-in end, an equipment power supply end and a controllable switch device which can maintain the switch-on state after switch-on, wherein the controllable switch device is located between the power leading-in end and the equipment power supply end, the controllable switch device can be a field-effect tube, or a triode, or a relay and comprises a switch-on signal leading-in end used for inputting a switch-on signal, and the controllable switch device does not allow current to pass through when no current exists, and then energy waste is avoided. When power needs to be supplied to electric equipment, an electric signal output switch of an auxiliary power supply is turned on to supply power to the switch-on signal leading-in end of the controllable switch device and provide a switch-on signal, and then the controllable switch device is turned on, so that current passes through the controllable switch device to supply power to the electric equipment.

Description

电器关闭后彻底断电的插座 Completely off the electrical socket is closed

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及电器领域,具体涉及一种电器关闭后彻底断电的插座。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of electrical appliances, in particular, to completely off the latter closed electrical receptacle.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 很多电器关机后,仅仅是切断了变压器二次侧对用电设备的供电。 [0002] After many electrical shutdown, just cut off the power supply to the transformer secondary side of the electrical equipment. 一次侧并不关断,因此仍然存在一些能耗。 The primary side is not turned off, so there is still some energy. 电视机、空调等常用家电的关机能耗,仍然在3〜10瓦。 Shutdown energy consumption televisions, air conditioners and other common household appliances, is still 3~10 watts. 能耗非常大。 Power consumption is very large.

[0003] 在一些家用电器中,变压器一次侧电压较高,如果手动开关,存在一些危险。 [0003] In some household appliances, higher side of the transformer primary voltage, if the manual switch, there are some dangers. 如果采用电子控制的方式控制,则会因为电源已经彻底关断,而不能对实施控制的电子控制系统供电,而造成无法开启。 If the electronic control controls, as will the power has been completely turned off and can not supply power to the electronic control system of the embodiment controls, caused not open.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 为解决以上问题,本发明提供了一种电器关闭后彻底断电的插座,其技术方案具体如下: [0004] In order to solve the above problems, the present invention provides an electrical socket completely off after closing, the technical scheme as follows:

[0005] 电器关闭后彻底断电的插座,包括一电源引入端和一设备供电端,其特征在于,还包括一具有导通后自行保持导通功能的可控开关器件,所述可控开关器件位于所述电源引入端和所述设备供电端之间,所述可控开关器件是场效应管、三极管、继电器中的任意一种,所述可控开关器件包括一用于输入导通信号的导通信号引入端; [0005] After completely off off electrical socket, comprising a power introducing terminal and a supply terminal equipment, characterized by further comprising a holder having a function of conducting the self-controllable switching device is turned on, the controllable switch the power supply device is located between the introduction and the device power supply terminal end, the controllable switching device is a field effect transistor, the transistor, relay of any one of the controllable switching device comprises a guide for the input signal the leading end conduction signal;

[0006] 还包括一辅助电源,所述辅助电源设有一电信号输出端,所述电信号输出端连接所述导通信号引入端; [0006] further includes an auxiliary power supply, the auxiliary power supply output terminal is provided with an electric signal, the electric signal output connected to the leading end of the turn-on signal;

[0007] 所述辅助电源还设有一对所述电信号输出端的电信号输出进行控制的电信号输出开关。 [0007] The auxiliary power supply also has a pair of said electrical signal output of the electrical output of the electrical signal output of the switching control.

[0008] 上述设计中,在电源引入端的电能通过可控开关器件,传输给设备供电端,进而供给设备供电端所连接的电器设备电路或者变压器。 [0008] In the designs described above, the leading end of the power by a controllable power switching devices, power transmission to the terminal device, and further supplied to a circuit or electrical equipment transformer device connected to the power supply terminal.

[0009] 在没有电流的情况下,可控开关器件不允许电流通过,进而避免了电能浪费。 [0009] In the absence of current, the current through the controllable switching device is not allowed, thereby avoiding the waste of energy. 在需要为电器设备供电时,通过开启所述辅助电源的电信号输出开关,为可控开关器件的导通信号引入端供电,提供导通信号,进而启动可控开关器件,使其导通,有电流经过可控开关器件为电器设备供电。 When needed electrical power supply apparatus, the auxiliary power supply by turning on the switch outputs an electrical signal as a power-on signal lead-controlled switching device, provided with a guide signal, and thus start the controllable switching device into conduction, current through the controllable switch means to power electrical devices. 进而在可控开关器件自身流经的电流的作用下,使可控开关器件维持导通。 Further under the action of controllable switching current flowing through the device itself, so that the controllable switching device is turned on is maintained. 或者在流出的电流形成的电流回馈的作用下维持导通。 Or to maintain the conduction current under the action of the feedback current flowing formation.

[0010] 在关闭电器设备后,电流减小至阈值以下或者消失,难以维持可控开关器件导通,进而使可控开关器件关闭,进而彻底切断传输到电器设备电路或者变压器的电流,实现类似于拔掉插头效果的电源切断。 [0010] After closing the electrical equipment, the current is reduced below the threshold or disappear, it is difficult to maintain the controllable switching device is turned on, thereby enabling the controllable switch device is turned off, thereby completely cut off the transmission of electrical current or a transformer circuit to the device, to achieve a similar unplug the power to effect the cutting.

[0011] 所述电信号输出开关设置为与电器设备的开关按键联动。 The [0011] switch outputs an electrical signal in conjunction with the electrical equipment switch button. 在按动电器设备的开关按键时同时触发所述电信号输出开关,进而使可控开关器件导通。 When the switch button pressed while triggers electrical device the electrical signal output switch, thereby rendering the controllable switching device is turned on. 使电器设备的开启操作与之前相同,进而使用户不必改变原有的操作习惯。 The electrical equipment is turned on and operating the same as before, thereby enabling the user does not change the original operating habits.

[0012] 优选为电器设备的开关按键在触动过程中,首先接通电器设备,再触发电信号输出开关。 [0012] is preferably in the electrical equipment switch key touch process, the electrical equipment is turned on first, and then the trigger output electrical switch. 以保证在向导通信号引入端输出导通信号促使可控开关器件导通的瞬间,电流在电器设备中形成回路,进而使有可以维持导通的电流流经,进而实现可控开关器件维持导通。 Guide to ensure that the leading end signal output on signal causes the controllable switching device is turned on instantly, the current loop is formed in the electrical equipment, thereby enabling there to maintain the current flowing through conduction, and thus maintain the guide for controlled switching device through.

[0013] 若在导通信号促使可控开关器件导通的瞬间,电器设备的开关没有开启,不能形成回路,则很有可能使可控开关器件因没有电流维持,而再次关闭。 [0013] When prompted controllable switching device is turned on signal at the moment the switch is not turned on electrical equipment, can not form a loop, it is likely that the controllable switching device is maintained because there is no current, and closed again.

[0014] 对于在开关之前,具有电容、电感、变压器、大规模电路中的至少一种的电器设备,允许设置为先触发电信号输出开关,再接通电器设备。 [0014] Prior to the switch, having a capacitor, an inductor, a transformer, at least one large-scale electrical circuits in the device, allowing electrical signals to trigger the first output switch, electrical equipment is turned on again. 因为电容、电感、变压器、大规模电路,在不通过开关形成回路时,在电路接通的短时间内,会存在电流,而形成的电流,一般可以维持可控开关器件短时间内导通。 Because capacitors, inductors, transformers, circuit scale, when formed by not switching circuit is turned on in a short circuit, there will be a current, a current is formed generally in a short time can be maintained controllable switch device is turned on. 只要在可控开关器件导通的时间内,电器设备的开关动作生效即可持续维持导通。 As long as the controllable switching device conduction time, the switching operation of the electrical equipment is turned on to maintain sustainable becomes effective. 所述开关按键优选一自锁开关,所述开关按键包括一按键和一连杆机构,所述连杆机构的下方设有一压板,所述压板的右侧的下方设有一第一触点,所述压板的左侧的上方设有第二触点,所述压板中部设有一压板转轴,所述压板可绕所述压板转轴转动,所述压板下方设有一复位弹簧; The switch button is preferably a self-locking switch, said switch comprising a key and a key link mechanism, the link mechanism is provided beneath a platen, is provided with a first lower right contact the platen, the upper left of the second contact with said platen, said central platen is provided with a platen shaft, platen rotatable about the axis of rotation of the platen, a return spring is provided below the platen;

[0015] 所述开关按键还设有一压板状态锁死机构,所述压板状态锁死机构包括一档板,所述连杆机构上设有与所述挡板配套的档头; [0015] The switch button is also provided with a platen state lock mechanism, the locking mechanism includes a platen state baffles, the baffle is provided with a gear head supporting the link mechanism;

[0016] 所述按键采用金属按键,所述金属按键通过一电阻接地。 The [0016] metal key buttons, the metal keys grounded through a resistor. 该设计可以消除使用者身上的静电。 The design can eliminate the user's body static electricity. 优选所述按键为一上粗下细的按键。 Preferably, the key is a key on the thin lower thick. 这样随着不断下按,金属按键可压紧外壳,方便将接地线设置在设备的外壳上,以简化设计。 With such press down the button can be pressed against the metal shell, the ground wire is provided to facilitate the housing of the device, to simplify the design.

[0017] 所述开关按键优选通过第一触点和第二触点接入所述变压器一次侧的供电线路的负极。 The [0017] preferably a button switch negative electrode side power supply line through the first contact and the second contact access the transformer. 以通过开关按键实现负极的开关。 To achieve a negative electrode through the switch button switch.

[0018] 所述可控开关器件选接入一次侧的供电线路的正极。 [0018] The controllable switch device selected from a positive supply line of the access side. 本发明还可以包括一网络接入模块,所述网络接入模块接入所述变压器一次侧的供电线路的正极,优选位于所述可控开关器件的后端。 The present invention may further comprise a network access module, the access module to access the network transformer primary side of the positive electrode power supply line, preferably at the rear end of the controllable switching device. 所述网络接入模块包括一信号处理模块和一信号发射模块,所述信号发射模块连接所述信号处理模块。 The network access module comprises a signal processing module and a signal transmitter module, the signal transmitter module is connected to the signal processing module. 在电路导通的情况下,所述网络接入模块可向外发射信号,一旦电路断开,所述网络接入模块无法向外发射信号接入网络,使用者可通过该特性了解插座的通断电状态。 In the case where the circuit is turned on, the network access module may transmit signals out, once the circuit is disconnected, the network access module can not access the network transmission signal outward, the user can understand the characteristics of the receptacle on by power-down state.

[0019] 所述辅助电源可以是一蓄电池系统,所述蓄电池系统包括充电机构、放电机构以及蓄电池。 [0019] The auxiliary power supply may be a battery system, the battery system includes a charging mechanism, a discharge mechanism and the battery. 通过蓄电池自身存储的电能,通过所述放电机构为电信号输出端提供电能,输出导通信号。 By electrical energy stored by the battery, to provide power, outputs an on signal to an electrical signal by the output of said discharge mechanism.

[0020] 所述充电机构连接所述设备供电端。 [0020] The charging means connected to the supply terminal apparatus. 在可控开关器件导通时,有电流流入充电机构,进而为蓄电池充电。 When the controllable switching device is turned on, a current flows into the charging mechanism, thereby charging the battery. 为下次动作执行,储备电能。 For the next action to perform, reserve power. 在第一次工作时,应当用其他方式为蓄电池充电,或者用其他方式接通可控开关器件。 When the first work, the battery should be charged by other means, controllable switching device is turned on or in other ways. 避免因为蓄电池中没有电能而无法促使可控开关器件导通。 Because no electrical power to avoid battery can not cause the controllable switching device is turned on.

[0021 ] 所述辅助电源可以是一通过触动发电的自发电电源,所述自发电电源包括一机械能输入机构、一电能转化机构,所述电能转化机构连接有一放电端。 [0021] The auxiliary power source may be touched by a self-generating power supply, said self-generating power source comprises a mechanical energy input means, a power conversion mechanism, the electrical energy conversion means is connected to a discharge end. 所述放电端连接所述导通信号引入端。 The discharge end is connected to the lead-on signal. 自发电电源通过放电端为可控开关器件提供导通信号。 Self-generation power supply on signal is controlled by the discharge end of the switching device.

[0022] 所述自发电电源的机械能输入机构,优选为与所述电信号输出开关联动。 [0022] The mechanical energy input from the power generating means, preferably an electric signal output coupled to said switch. 进而使,在触动所述电信号输出开关时,同时带动机械能输入机构动作,进而产生电能。 Thereby enabling, the electrical signal output when the touch switch, while the drive mechanism is actuated mechanical energy input, thereby generating electricity.

[0023] 或者,也可以不再设置所述电信号输出开关。 [0023] Alternatively, the electrical signal may be output switches no longer provided. 自发电电源发出的电能在不通过电信号输出开关的情况下,输送给导通信号引入端。 Generating electricity from the power emitted without electrical signal output by the switch, the on signal is supplied to the introduction end. 以简化结构。 To simplify the structure.

[0024] 所述机械能输入机构的机械能输入按键,所述机械能输入按键设置为与电器设备的开关按键联动。 [0024] The mechanical energy input of mechanical energy input key means, said mechanical energy input key as a key in conjunction with the electrical switching device.

[0025] 在按动电器设备的开关按键时同时触发所述机械能输入按键,进而使可控开关器件导通。 [0025] Also when the mechanical pressing of the trigger switch button device electrical energy input keys, thereby enabling the controllable switch device is turned on. 使电器设备的开启操作与之前相同,进而使用户不必改变原有的操作习惯。 The electrical equipment is turned on and operating the same as before, thereby enabling the user does not change the original operating habits.

[0026] 所述电能转化机构可以为压电陶瓷发电机构。 The [0026] electric energy conversion means to the electricity generating mechanism can. 所述压电陶瓷发电机构设有一压电陶瓷,以及与压电陶瓷连接的放电端。 The electricity generating mechanism is provided with a piezoelectric ceramic, and a discharge end connected to the piezoelectric ceramic. 所述放电端连接所述导通信号引入端。 The discharge end is connected to the lead-on signal. 压电陶瓷通过放电端为可控开关器件提供电能。 The piezoelectric ceramic power is supplied by the discharge end of the controllable switching device.

[0027] 压电陶瓷可以通过一稳压结构连接所述放电端。 [0027] The piezoelectric ceramic can be regulated by a discharge end of said structure is connected. 以便于使导通信号符合要求。 Signal in order to meet the requirements of the guide.

[0028] 所述压电陶瓷设有一按压面,所述按压面设置在所述电器设备的开关按键上。 [0028] The piezoelectric ceramic is provided with a pressing surface, the pressing surface is provided on a switch button of the electrical device. 在按动电器设备的开关按键时,按压面受力发电,为所述导通信号引入端供电,驱动可控开关器件导通。 When pressing the switch button of the electrical equipment, power generation by the pressing surface, is directed into the end of the power signal, driving the controllable switching device is turned on. 使电器设备的开启操作与之前相同,进而使用户不必改变原有的操作习惯。 The electrical equipment is turned on and operating the same as before, thereby enabling the user does not change the original operating habits.

[0029] 所述电能转化机构可以为一电磁发电机构。 The [0029] electric energy conversion means may be an electromagnetic power generation mechanism.

[0030] 所述电磁发电机构设有永磁体、电感线圈以及一带动永磁体和电感线圈之一运动的动作执行机构,所述动作执行机构连所述机械能输入机构。 [0030] The electromagnetic generator means is provided with a permanent magnet, an inductive coil and a permanent magnet actuator drive operation and the inductance of one coil movement, the operation of the actuator even the mechanical energy input means.

[0031] 在按动所述机械能输入按键时,通过所述机械能输入机构驱动所述动作执行机构,进而驱动永磁体和电感线圈相对运动,产生电能。 [0031] When the push button of the mechanical energy input, through the mechanical energy input mechanism driving operation of the actuator, thereby driving the permanent magnet and an inductive coil relative movement, generating electrical energy.

[0032] 所述永磁体与所述电感线圈的相对运动,可以是通过改变电感线圈的磁通量、磁场方向产生电能。 [0032] The relative movement of the permanent magnet and the inductor coil, electrical energy can be generated by changing the inductance of the coil flux, the magnetic field direction. 也可以是通过所述永磁体与所述电感线圈相对运动切割磁感线产生电倉泛。 It may also be cut to produce an electrical cartridge pan by magnetic field lines of the permanent magnet and the induction coil relative movement.

[0033] 优选为,永磁体与电感线圈相对运动改变电感线圈内磁场方向产生电能。 [0033] Preferably, the permanent magnet inductor relative movement changes the inductance of the coil magnetic field direction to produce electrical energy. 这样可以在结构占据空间较小的情况下,获得较高能量。 In the case of this structure can occupy a small space, to obtain higher energy.

[0034] 具体的,可以设置为所述电感线圈绕制在一软磁铁上,所述软磁铁具有两端,所述永磁体一极,在所述软磁铁的两端之间做往复运动。 [0034] Specifically, the inductance coil may be provided wound on a soft magnet, the soft magnet having two ends, one of said permanent magnet poles, between both ends of the soft magnet reciprocates. 在往复运动的过程中,可以改变电感线圈内的磁场方向。 In the process of reciprocating motion in the direction of the magnetic field can be varied within the inductor.

[0035] 所述机械能输入按键、机械能输入机构、动作执行机构中,至少其中之一中设有机械能蓄能释放机构,所述机械能蓄能释放机构包括一机械能输入端、机械能蓄能装置以及一机械能输出端; [0035] The mechanical energy input keys, mechanical energy input means, the operation of the actuator, at least one of which is provided with a mechanical energy accumulator release mechanism, the release mechanism comprises a mechanical energy accumulator, a mechanical energy input of mechanical energy and an energy storage device mechanical energy output;

[0036] 所述机械能输入端连接所述机械能蓄能装置,所述机械能蓄能装置通过一机械能阈值开启机构连接所述机械能输出端。 [0036] The mechanical energy to the mechanical energy input is connected energy storage device, said mechanical energy accumulator means connected to said opening means by a mechanical energy output of mechanical energy threshold.

[0037] 在通过所述机械能输入端向机械能蓄能装置输入机械能时,随着机械能的增加机械能阈值开启机构所承受的压力增加,在超出一设定阈值时,突然释放,向机械能输出端释放机械能。 [0037] When the mechanical energy accumulator means for inputting mechanical energy by the mechanical energy input, as the mechanical energy threshold mechanical energy open mechanism the pressure increase, when exceeding a set threshold, suddenly released, the release of the mechanical energy output terminal Mechanical energy. 从而提高瞬间释放的能量强度,进而瞬间产生较大电流,以便于开启所述可控开关器件。 Thereby increasing the strength of the instant release of energy, and thus a large current is instantaneously generated, in order to open the controllable switch device.

[0038] 所述机械能蓄能装置可以为一弹性蓄能机构,蓄能器件采用一具有弹性的弹性体。 [0038] The energy storage means may be mechanical energy accumulator is an elastic means, the energy storage device is an elastomer having elasticity. 弹性体可以是弹簧、弹簧片。 Elastomer may be a spring plate. 随着弹性体的弹性形变,弹性势能增加,恢复力也随之增力口,在恢复力大于一设定值时使机械能阈值开启机构释放,进而释放储蓄的机械能。 With the elastic deformation of the elastic body, the elastic potential energy increases, the restoring force also will booster port, mechanical energy threshold during a set value larger than the restoring force release opening mechanism, and thus the release of mechanical energy savings.

[0039] 所述机械能蓄能装置可以为一磁性蓄能机构,所述蓄能器件采用两个磁性体,随着两个磁性体的接近或者远离,进行蓄能。 [0039] The mechanical energy to the energy storage device may be a magnetic energy storage mechanism, said energy storage device uses two magnetic bodies, with the two closer to or farther magnetic material, for energy storage.

[0040] 优选为采用两个磁性体的同极性端接近的方式蓄能。 [0040] preferable to employ two ends of the same polarity as the magnetic body to approach the accumulator. 随着两个磁性体同极距离拉近,蓄能的增加,产生的排斥力随之增加,在排斥力大于一设定值时,促使机械能阈值开启机构释放,进而释放储蓄的机械能。 As the magnetic body with the two poles closer together, the accumulator increases, the repulsive force generated increases, when the repulsive force is larger than a predetermined value, the threshold value can cause mechanical release opening mechanism, and thus the release of mechanical energy savings.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0041] 图1为本发明的部分电路框图。 [0041] FIG. 1 is a partial circuit block diagram of the present invention.

[0042] 图中,I为可控开关器件;2为辅助电源。 [0042] FIG, I is controllable switching device; auxiliary power of 2.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0043] 下面,根据说明书附图和具体实施方式对本发明的一种电器关闭后彻底断电的插座作进一步具体说明。 [0043] Next, the description and drawings specific embodiments will be further described in detail on the latter completely off electrical socket of the present invention is closed.

[0044] 参照图1,电器关闭后彻底断电的插座,包括一电源引入端和一设备供电端,还包括一具有导通后自行保持导通功能的可控开关器件(I),可控开关器件(I)位于电源引入端和设备供电端之间,可控开关器件(I)是场效应管、三极管、继电器中的任意一种,可控开关器件(I)包括一用于输入导通信号的导通信号引入端; 1, completely closing off of the electrical socket [0044] Referring to FIG, comprising introducing a power supply terminal and a terminal equipment, further comprising a holder having a function of conducting the self-controllable switching device is turned on (the I), controllable switching means (I) located between the introducing end and the power supply terminal equipment, controllable switch device (I) is a field effect transistor, the transistor, any one of a relay, a controllable switching device (I) comprises a guide for inputting signal on signal introduction terminal;

[0045] 还包括一辅助电源(2),辅助电源⑵设有一电信号输出端,电信号输出端连接导通信号引入端; [0045] further comprises an auxiliary power source (2), provided with an auxiliary power source electrical ⑵ output terminal, an output terminal connected to the electrical signal on signal introduction terminal;

[0046] 辅助电源(2)还设有一对电信号输出端的电信号输出进行控制的电信号输出开关。 [0046] The auxiliary power supply (2) is also provided with an electric signal output terminal outputting an electric signal of the switching control output electrical signal.

[0047] 上述设计中,在电源引入端的电能通过可控开关器件(I),传输给设备供电端,进而供给设备供电端所连接的电器设备电路或者变压器。 [0047] In the above design, the leading end of the power by a controllable power switch devices (the I), the transmission power to the terminal equipment, in turn supplied to a circuit or electrical equipment transformer device connected to the power supply terminal.

[0048] 在没有电流的情况下,可控开关器件⑴不允许电流通过,进而避免了电能浪费。 [0048] In the absence of current, a controllable switching device ⑴ does not allow current, thereby avoiding the waste of energy. 在需要为电器设备供电时,通过开启辅助电源(2)的电信号输出开关,为可控开关器件(I)的导通信号引入端供电,提供导通信号,进而启动可控开关器件(I),使其导通,有电流经过可控开关器件(I)为电器设备供电。 When electrical power supply equipment is needed, the electric signal output by the auxiliary power switch is turned on (2), in order to supply turn-on signal lead-controllable switch device (I), and provided with a guide signal, and thus start the controllable switch device (I ), turning it on, a current through the controllable switch device (I) for the electrical power supply apparatus. 进而在可控开关器件(I)自身流经的电流的作用下,使可控开关器件(I)维持导通。 Further under the action of controllable switch device (I) of the current itself flowing through the controllable switch device (I) is maintained turned on. 或者在流出的电流形成的电流回馈的作用下维持导通。 Or to maintain the conduction current under the action of the feedback current flowing formation.

[0049] 在关闭电器设备后,电流减小至阈值以下或者消失,难以维持可控开关器件(I)导通,进而使可控开关器件(I)关闭,进而彻底切断传输到电器设备电路或者变压器的电流,实现类似于拔掉插头效果的电源切断。 [0049] After closing the electrical equipment, the current is reduced below the threshold or disappear, it is difficult to maintain the controllable switch device (I) is turned on, thereby enabling the controllable switch device (I) to close, thereby completely cutting off the transmission to the electrical device or circuit a current transformer for power supply cutting effect similar to unplug.

[0050] 电信号输出开关设置为与电器设备的开关按键联动。 [0050] The electrical signal output switch is provided in conjunction with the electrical equipment switch button. 在按动电器设备的开关按键时同时触发电信号输出开关,进而使可控开关器件(I)导通。 When the switch button pressed while the electrical equipment switch trigger electrical signal output, thereby enabling the controllable switch device (I) is turned on. 使电器设备的开启操作与之前相同,进而使用户不必改变原有的操作习惯。 The electrical equipment is turned on and operating the same as before, thereby enabling the user does not change the original operating habits.

[0051] 优选为电器设备的开关按键在触动过程中,首先接通电器设备,再触发电信号输出开关。 [0051] is preferably in the electrical equipment switch key touch process, the electrical equipment is turned on first, and then the trigger output electrical switch. 以保证在向导通信号引入端输出导通信号促使可控开关器件(I)导通的瞬间,电流在电器设备中形成回路,进而使有可以维持导通的电流流经,进而实现可控开关器件(I)维持导通。 To ensure that the cause controllable switch device (I) incorporated in the guide-ended output signal on signal instantly turned on, a current loop is formed in the electrical equipment, thereby enabling there to maintain the current flowing through conduction, thus achieving controllable switch means (I) is maintained turned on.

[0052] 若在导通信号促使可控开关器件(I)导通的瞬间,电器设备的开关没有开启,不能形成回路,则很有可能使可控开关器件⑴因没有电流维持,而再次关闭。 [0052] When the switching device causes the controllable conducting signal (I) instantaneously turned on, the electrical switching device is not turned on, can not form a loop, it is likely that the controllable switching device ⑴ because no current is maintained closed again .

[0053] 对于在开关之前,具有电容、电感、变压器、大规模电路中的至少一种的电器设备,允许设置为先触发电信号输出开关,再接通电器设备。 [0053] Prior to the switch, having a capacitor, an inductor, a transformer, at least one large-scale electrical circuits in the device, allowing electrical signals to trigger the first output switch, electrical equipment is turned on again. 因为电容、电感、变压器、大规模电路,在不通过开关形成回路时,在电路接通的短时间内,会存在电流,而形成的电流,一般可以维持可控开关器件(I)短时间内导通。 Because current capacitors, inductors, transformers, circuit scale, when it is not formed by the switch circuit, the short circuit is turned on, current will exist, and form, can be maintained generally controllable switch device (I) of time. turned on. 只要在可控开关器件(I)导通的时间内,电器设备的开关动作生效即可持续维持导通。 As long as the conduction time of the controllable switch device (I), the switching operation of the electrical equipment is turned on to maintain sustainable becomes effective. 开关按键优选一自锁开关,开关按键包括一按键和一连杆机构,连杆机构的下方设有一压板,压板的右侧的下方设有一第一触点,压板的左侧的上方设有第二触点,压板中部设有一压板转轴,压板可绕压板转轴转动,压板下方设有一复位弹簧; Preferably a self-locking switch button switch, key switch comprising a button and a downward link mechanism, the link mechanism is provided with a pressure plate, a first contact point provided below the right side of the platen, is provided on the upper left side of the platen two contacts, central platen is provided with a platen shaft, platen is rotatable about a platen shaft, a return spring is provided below the platen;

[0054] 开关按键还设有一压板状态锁死机构,压板状态锁死机构包括一档板,连杆机构上设有与挡板配套的档头; [0054] There is also a switch button state platen lock mechanism, the platen lock mechanism includes a state of baffles, the baffle is provided on the head supporting profile link mechanism;

[0055] 按键采用金属按键,金属按键通过一电阻接地。 [0055] Key buttons metal, metal key grounded through a resistor. 该设计可以消除使用者身上的静电。 The design can eliminate the user's body static electricity. 优选按键为一上粗下细的按键。 Preferably the crude fine key buttons on a. 这样随着不断下按,金属按键可压紧外壳,方便将接地线设置在设备的外壳上,以简化设计。 With such press down the button can be pressed against the metal shell, the ground wire is provided to facilitate the housing of the device, to simplify the design.

[0056] 开关按键优选通过第一触点和第二触点接入变压器一次侧的供电线路的负极。 [0056] Preferably the access switch key negative power supply line through the first primary side of the transformer and second contacts. 以通过开关按键实现负极的开关。 To achieve a negative electrode through the switch button switch.

[0057] 可控开关器件⑴选接入一次侧的供电线路的正极。 [0057] ⑴ controllable switching device selected from a positive power supply line of the access side. 本发明还可以包括一网络接入模块,网络接入模块接入变压器一次侧的供电线路的正极,优选位于可控开关器件(I)的后端。 The present invention may further comprise a network access module, the positive power supply line of the primary side of the transformer network accessing module, preferably at the rear end of the controllable switch device (I) is. 网络接入模块包括一信号处理模块和一信号发射模块,信号发射模块连接信号处理模块。 Network access module comprises a signal processing module, and a signal transmitting module, connected to the signal transmitting module a signal processing module. 在电路导通的情况下,网络接入模块可向外发射信号,一旦电路断开,网络接入模块无法向外发射信号接入网络,使用者可通过该特性了解插座的通断电状态。 In the case where the circuit is turned on, the network access module may transmit signals out, once the circuit is disconnected, the network access module can not access the network transmission signal outward, the user can understand through the socket by the power off state characteristic.

[0058] 辅助电源(2)可以是一蓄电池系统,蓄电池系统包括充电机构、放电机构以及蓄电池。 [0058] The auxiliary power supply (2) may be a battery system, the battery system includes a charging mechanism, a discharge mechanism and the battery. 通过蓄电池自身存储的电能,通过放电机构为电信号输出端提供电能,输出导通信号。 By electrical energy stored by the battery, to provide power, it outputs an on signal to an electrical signal output terminal by a discharge mechanism.

[0059] 充电机构连接设备供电端。 [0059] charging means connected to the device power supply terminal. 在可控开关器件(I)导通时,有电流流入充电机构,进而为蓄电池充电。 When the controllable switch device (I) is turned on, a current flows into the charging mechanism, thereby charging the battery. 为下次动作执行,储备电能。 For the next action to perform, reserve power. 在第一次工作时,应当用其他方式为蓄电池充电,或者用其他方式接通可控开关器件(I)。 When the first work, the battery should be charged by other means, or a controllable switching device is turned on (I) in other ways. 避免因为蓄电池中没有电能而无法促使可控开关器件(I)导通。 Because no electrical power to avoid battery can not cause controllable switch device (I) is turned on.

[0060] 辅助电源⑵可以是一通过触动发电的自发电电源,自发电电源包括一机械能输入机构、一电能转化机构,电能转化机构连接有一放电端。 [0060] ⑵ auxiliary power source may be a touched by the self-generation power generation, since the power generating means comprises a mechanical energy input, a power conversion mechanism, electrical energy conversion means is connected to a discharge end. 放电端连接导通信号引入端。 Connected to the discharge end of the introduction end of the turn-on signal. 自发电电源通过放电端为可控开关器件(I)提供导通信号。 Self-generation by the power supply ON signal to the discharge end of the controllable switch device (I).

[0061]自发电电源的机械能输入机构,优选为与电信号输出开关联动。 [0061] Since the power generating mechanical energy input means, preferably in conjunction with an electric signal output switch. 进而使,在触动电信号输出开关时,同时带动机械能输入机构动作,进而产生电能。 Thereby enabling, when the touch switch electrical signal output, while the drive mechanism is actuated mechanical energy input, thereby generating electricity.

[0062] 或者,也可以不再设置电信号输出开关。 [0062] Alternatively, the electrical signal output switch can no longer be provided. 自发电电源发出的电能在不通过电信号输出开关的情况下,输送给导通信号引入端。 Generating electricity from the power emitted without electrical signal output by the switch, the on signal is supplied to the introduction end. 以简化结构。 To simplify the structure.

[0063] 机械能输入机构的机械能输入按键,机械能输入按键设置为与电器设备的开关按键联动。 [0063] The mechanical energy input means can input keys, mechanical energy input key as a key in conjunction with the electrical switching device.

[0064] 在按动电器设备的开关按键时同时触发机械能输入按键,进而使可控开关器件 [0064] The mechanical energy input triggered simultaneously when pressing the button switch button electrical equipment, thereby enabling the controllable switch device

(I)导通。 (I) turned on. 使电器设备的开启操作与之前相同,进而使用户不必改变原有的操作习惯。 The electrical equipment is turned on and operating the same as before, thereby enabling the user does not change the original operating habits.

[0065] 电能转化机构可以为压电陶瓷发电机构。 [0065] The power conversion mechanism may be a piezoelectric power generation mechanism. 压电陶瓷发电机构设有一压电陶瓷,以及与压电陶瓷连接的放电端。 Electricity generating mechanism is provided with a piezoelectric ceramic, and a discharge end connected to the piezoelectric ceramic. 放电端连接导通信号引入端。 Connected to the discharge end of the introduction end of the turn-on signal. 压电陶瓷通过放电端为可控开关器件(I)提供电能。 The piezoelectric ceramic is provided power through the discharge end of the controllable switch device (I).

[0066] 压电陶瓷可以通过一稳压结构连接放电端。 [0066] The piezoelectric ceramic can be connected to a discharge end of the regulator configuration. 以便于使导通信号符合要求。 Signal in order to meet the requirements of the guide.

[0067] 压电陶瓷设有一按压面,按压面设置在电器设备的开关按键上。 [0067] The piezoelectric ceramic is provided with a pressing surface, the pressing surface is provided on the electrical switch button device. 在按动电器设备的开关按键时,按压面受力发电,为导通信号引入端供电,驱动可控开关器件(I)导通。 When pressing the switch button of the electrical equipment, power generation by the pressing surface, is introduced into the end of the power-on signal, the drive controllable switch device (I) is turned on. 使电器设备的开启操作与之前相同,进而使用户不必改变原有的操作习惯。 The electrical equipment is turned on and operating the same as before, thereby enabling the user does not change the original operating habits.

[0068] 电能转化机构可以为一电磁发电机构。 [0068] The power conversion mechanism may be an electromagnetic power generation mechanism.

[0069] 电磁发电机构设有永磁体、电感线圈以及一带动永磁体和电感线圈之一运动的动作执行机构,动作执行机构连机械能输入机构。 [0069] The electromagnetic generator means is provided with a permanent magnet, and a drive operation of the inductive coil and the permanent magnet moving one inductor coil actuator, the actuator operation even mechanical energy input means.

[0070] 在按动机械能输入按键时,通过机械能输入机构驱动动作执行机构,进而驱动永磁体和电感线圈相对运动,产生电能。 [0070] When the push button mechanical energy input, energy input mechanism driving operation performed by a mechanical means, and further driving a permanent magnet inductor relative movement, generating electrical energy.

[0071 ] 永磁体与电感线圈的相对运动,可以是通过改变电感线圈的磁通量、磁场方向产生电能。 [0071] The relative movement of the permanent magnet and the inductance of the coil, electrical energy can be generated by changing the inductance of the coil flux, the magnetic field direction. 也可以是通过永磁体与电感线圈相对运动切割磁感线产生电能。 It may be a permanent magnet and the inductance of the coil by relative movement of the cutting lines of magnetic induction to generate electrical energy.

[0072] 优选为,永磁体与电感线圈相对运动改变电感线圈内磁场方向产生电能。 [0072] Preferably, the permanent magnet inductor relative movement changes the inductance of the coil magnetic field direction to produce electrical energy. 这样可以在结构占据空间较小的情况下,获得较高能量。 In the case of this structure can occupy a small space, to obtain higher energy.

[0073] 具体的,可以设置为电感线圈绕制在一软磁铁上,软磁铁具有两端,永磁体一极,在软磁铁的两端之间做往复运动。 [0073] Specifically, the inductance coil may be provided as wound on a soft magnet, the soft magnet having two ends, a permanent magnet poles, between both ends of the soft magnet reciprocates. 在往复运动的过程中,可以改变电感线圈内的磁场方向。 In the process of reciprocating motion in the direction of the magnetic field can be varied within the inductor.

[0074] 机械能输入按键、机械能输入机构、动作执行机构中,至少其中之一中设有机械能蓄能释放机构,机械能蓄能释放机构包括一机械能输入端、机械能蓄能装置以及一机械能输出端; [0074] The mechanical energy input keys, mechanical energy input means, the operation of the actuator, at least one of which is provided with a mechanical energy accumulator release mechanism, the mechanical energy accumulator release mechanism includes a mechanical energy input, mechanical energy storage device and a mechanical energy output;

[0075] 机械能输入端连接机械能蓄能装置,机械能蓄能装置通过一机械能阈值开启机构连接机械能输出端。 [0075] The mechanical energy input of an energy storage device connected to mechanical energy, mechanical energy storage means via a mechanical energy threshold means connected to open the mechanical energy output.

[0076] 在通过机械能输入端向机械能蓄能装置输入机械能时,随着机械能的增加机械能阈值开启机构所承受的压力增加,在超出一设定阈值时,突然释放,向机械能输出端释放机械能。 [0076] When the mechanical energy accumulator means for inputting mechanical energy via mechanical energy input, as the mechanical energy threshold mechanical energy open mechanism the pressure increase, when exceeding a set threshold, the sudden release of the mechanical energy output of the release of mechanical energy. 从而提高瞬间释放的能量强度,进而瞬间产生较大电流,以便于开启可控开关器件⑴。 Thereby increasing the strength of the instant release of energy, and thus a large current is instantaneously generated, so that the controllable switching device ⑴.

[0077] 机械能蓄能装置可以为一弹性蓄能机构,蓄能器件采用一具有弹性的弹性体。 [0077] The energy storage means may be a mechanical energy accumulator is an elastic means, the energy storage device is an elastomer having elasticity. 弹性体可以是弹簧、弹簧片。 Elastomer may be a spring plate. 随着弹性体的弹性形变,弹性势能增加,恢复力也随之增加,在恢复力大于一设定值时使机械能阈值开启机构释放,进而释放储蓄的机械能。 With the elastic deformation of the elastic body, the elastic potential energy increases, the restoring force also increases, so that the mechanical energy threshold during a set value larger than the restoring force release opening mechanism, and thus the release of mechanical energy savings.

[0078] 机械能蓄能装置可以为一磁性蓄能机构,蓄能器件采用两个磁性体,随着两个磁性体的接近或者远离,进行蓄能。 [0078] The mechanical energy to the energy storage device may be a magnetic energy storage means, energy storage device uses two magnetic bodies, with the two closer to or farther magnetic material, for energy storage.

[0079] 优选为采用两个磁性体的同极性端接近的方式蓄能。 [0079] preferable to employ two ends of the same polarity as the magnetic body to approach the accumulator. 随着两个磁性体同极距离拉近,蓄能的增加,产生的排斥力随之增加,在排斥力大于一设定值时,促使机械能阈值开启机构释放,进而释放储蓄的机械能。 As the magnetic body with the two poles closer together, the accumulator increases, the repulsive force generated increases, when the repulsive force is larger than a predetermined value, the threshold value can cause mechanical release opening mechanism, and thus the release of mechanical energy savings.

[0080] 以上显示和描述了本发明的基本原理和主要特征以及本发明的优点。 [0080] The above describes the basic principles and features of this invention and the main advantages of the present invention as well. 本行业的技术人员应该了解,本发明不受上述实施例的限制,上述实施例和说明书中描述的只是说明本发明的原理,在不脱离本发明精神和范围的前提下,本发明还会有各种变化和改进,这些变化和改进都落入要求保护的本发明范围内。 The industry the art will appreciate, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiment, the above-described examples and embodiments described in the specification are only illustrative of the principles of the present invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, the present invention will have various changes and improvements, changes and modifications which fall within the scope of the claimed invention. 本发明要求保护范围由所附的权利要求书及其等效物界定。 The scope of the invention as claimed by the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

  1. 1.电器关闭后彻底断电的插座,包括一电源引入端和一设备供电端,其特征在于:还包括一具有导通后自行保持导通功能的可控开关器件,所述可控开关器件位于所述电源引入端和所述设备供电端之间,所述可控开关器件是场效应管、三极管、继电器中的任意一种,所述可控开关器件包括一用于输入导通信号的导通信号引入端; 还包括一辅助电源,所述辅助电源设有一电信号输出端,所述电信号输出端连接所述导通信号引入端; 所述辅助电源还设有一对所述电信号输出端的电信号输出进行控制的电信号输出开关。 1. After closing completely off electrical socket, comprising a power introducing terminal and a supply terminal equipment, characterized by: further comprising a holder having a function of conducting the self-controllable switching device is turned on, the controllable switching device located between the end of the power introducing terminal and the power supply device, the controllable switching device is a field effect transistor, the transistor, any one of the relay, said device comprising a controllable switch for conducting signal input lead-on signal; further comprising an auxiliary power source, the auxiliary power supply output terminal is provided with an electric signal, the electric signal output connected to the leading end of the turn-on signal; the auxiliary power supply further has one pair of said electrical signal the electrical signal output of the electrical signal output terminal of the output switching control.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的电器关闭后彻底断电的插座,其特征在于:所述电信号输出开关设置为与电器设备的开关按键联动。 The completely off after turning off the electrical socket as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said electrical signal is provided to output switch linked with the key switch electrical equipment.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的电器关闭后彻底断电的插座,其特征在于:电器设备的开关按键在触动过程中,首先接通电器设备,再触发电信号输出开关。 3. The electrical appliance according to claim 2 completely off after closing the receptacle, characterized in that: the electrical equipment switch key touch process, the electrical equipment is turned on first, and then the trigger output electrical switch.
  4. 4.根据权利要求2所述的电器关闭后彻底断电的插座,其特征在于:所述开关按键为一自锁开关,所述开关按键包括一按键和一连杆机构,所述连杆机构的下方设有一压板,所述压板的右侧的下方设有一第一触点,所述压板的左侧的上方设有第二触点,所述压板中部设有一压板转轴,所述压板可绕所述压板转轴转动,所述压板下方设有一复位弹簧; 所述开关按键还设有一压板状态锁死机构,所述压板状态锁死机构包括一档板,所述连杆机构上设有与所述挡板配套的档头。 The completely off after turning off the electrical socket as claimed in claim 2, wherein: said key switch is a self-locking switch, said key comprising a key switch and a linkage mechanism, the linkage mechanism is provided with a lower platen provided with a first contact pressure plate below the right side, the upper left side of the platen is provided with a second contact, said central platen is provided with a platen shaft, rotatable about said platen the platen axis of rotation, the lower platens is provided with a return spring; the platen also has a key switch state lock mechanism, the locking mechanism includes a platen state baffles, provided on the link mechanism and the said baffle supporting profile head.
  5. 5.根据权利要求4所述的电器关闭后彻底断电的插座,其特征在于:所述按键为金属按键,所述金属按键通过一电阻接地。 The appliance of claim 4 completely off after closing the socket claim, wherein: the key buttons is a metal, the metal keys grounded through a resistor.
  6. 6.根据权利要求5所述的电器关闭后彻底断电的插座,其特征在于:所述按键为一上粗下细的按键。 6. The appliance of claim 5 completely off after closing the socket claim, wherein: the key is a key on the thin lower thick.
  7. 7.根据权利要求1所述的电器关闭后彻底断电的插座,其特征在于:所述辅助电源是一蓄电池系统,所述蓄电池系统包括充电机构、放电机构以及蓄电池。 The appliance of claim 1 completely off after closing the socket claim, wherein: said auxiliary power source is a battery system, the battery system includes a charging mechanism, a discharge mechanism and the battery.
  8. 8.根据权利要求1所述的电器关闭后彻底断电的插座,其特征在于:所述辅助电源是一通过触动发电的自发电电源,所述自发电电源包括一机械能输入机构、一电能转化机构,所述电能转化机构连接有一放电端,所述放电端连接所述导通信号弓I入端。 8. The appliance of claim 1 completely off after closing the socket claim, wherein: said auxiliary power supply is a power supply by self power generation touch, since the power generating means comprises a mechanical energy input, a power conversion means, connected to the electrical energy conversion means having a discharge end, said discharge end connected to said turn-on signal into the I bow end.
  9. 9.根据权利要求4所述的电器关闭后彻底断电的插座,其特征在于:开关按键通过第一触点和第二触点接入变压器一次侧的供电线路的负极。 9. After closing the socket completely off appliance according to claim 4, wherein: the negative electrode power supply line through the switch button of the primary side of the first and second contacts access transformer.
  10. 10.根据权利要求9所述的电器关闭后彻底断电的插座,其特征在于:可控开关器件接入一次侧的供电线路的正极。 10. The appliance of claim 9 completely off after closing the socket claim, wherein: the positive electrode power supply line of the primary side of the controllable switching device access.
CN 201410625209 2014-11-07 2014-11-07 Completely off the electrical socket is closed CN104377516B (en)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5080222A (en) * 1991-06-06 1992-01-14 Tenax Corporation Child resistant medicine box
CN2248933Y (en) * 1995-12-29 1997-03-05 王庆冬 Eenergy-saving and safety socket for house-hold electric appliance
CN201789188U (en) * 2010-06-12 2011-04-06 沈国新 Standby main control energy saving socket
CN203734073U (en) * 2014-01-27 2014-07-23 王永生 Intelligent de-energizing energy-saving socket

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5080222A (en) * 1991-06-06 1992-01-14 Tenax Corporation Child resistant medicine box
CN2248933Y (en) * 1995-12-29 1997-03-05 王庆冬 Eenergy-saving and safety socket for house-hold electric appliance
CN201789188U (en) * 2010-06-12 2011-04-06 沈国新 Standby main control energy saving socket
CN203734073U (en) * 2014-01-27 2014-07-23 王永生 Intelligent de-energizing energy-saving socket

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