CN104373528B - Electric control mechanical gearbox structure - Google Patents

Electric control mechanical gearbox structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104373528B
CN104373528B CN201410679511.0A CN201410679511A CN104373528B CN 104373528 B CN104373528 B CN 104373528B CN 201410679511 A CN201410679511 A CN 201410679511A CN 104373528 B CN104373528 B CN 104373528B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
driving
shaft
driven
motor shaft
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Application number
CN201410679511.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104373528A (en
Inventor
雷君
张社民
刘小燕
王清海
邹晓军
谢奇光
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Dongfeng Motor Corp
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Dongfeng Motor Corp
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H3/00Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion
    • F16H3/02Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion without gears having orbital motion
    • F16H3/08Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion without gears having orbital motion exclusively or essentially with continuously meshing gears, that can be disengaged from their shafts
    • F16H3/12Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion without gears having orbital motion exclusively or essentially with continuously meshing gears, that can be disengaged from their shafts with means for synchronisation not incorporated in the clutches
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H57/00General details of gearing
    • F16H57/02Gearboxes; Mounting gearing therein
    • F16H57/023Mounting or installation of gears or shafts in the gearboxes, e.g. methods or means for assembly
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H61/00Control functions within control units of change-speed- or reversing-gearings for conveying rotary motion ; Control of exclusively fluid gearing, friction gearing, gearings with endless flexible members or other particular types of gearing
    • F16H61/26Generation or transmission of movements for final actuating mechanisms
    • F16H61/28Generation or transmission of movements for final actuating mechanisms with at least one movement of the final actuating mechanism being caused by a non-mechanical force, e.g. power-assisted
    • F16H61/32Electric motors actuators or related electrical control means therefor
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K7/00Arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with dynamo-electric machines, e.g. structural association with mechanical driving motors or auxiliary dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K7/10Structural association with clutches, brakes, gears, pulleys or mechanical starters
    • H02K7/116Structural association with clutches, brakes, gears, pulleys or mechanical starters with gears
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H2200/00Transmissions for multiple ratios
    • F16H2200/003Transmissions for multiple ratios characterised by the number of forward speeds
    • F16H2200/0052Transmissions for multiple ratios characterised by the number of forward speeds the gear ratios comprising six forward speeds
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H2700/00Transmission housings and mounting of transmission components therein; Cooling; Lubrication; Flexible suspensions, e.g. floating frames

Abstract

The invention relates to an electric control mechanical gearbox structure, and belongs to the technical field of gearboxes. The electric control mechanical gearbox structure comprises an input shaft, an output shaft and a gear reversing shaft; a plurality of gear driving gears are arranged on the input shaft, a plurality of gear driven gears meshed with the gear driving gears and reduction gears are arranged on the output shaft, a gear reversing driving gear is fixed to the gear reversing shaft, a gear reversing driven gear is arranged on the gear reversing shaft in a sleeving mode, and the gear reversing driven gear is connected with a gear reversing synchronizer; the electric control mechanical gearbox structure further comprises a middle shaft, a first motor shaft and a second motor shaft. By means of the electric control mechanical gearbox structure, pure electromotive force is directly input or power compensation is provided for a gearbox through a motor output shaft connected with a motor.

Description

Electric-controlled mechanical gearbox designs
Technical field
The invention belongs to change speed gear box technical field is and in particular to a kind of electric-controlled mechanical gearbox designs.
Background technology
Motor vehicle driven by mixed power, as a kind of typical energy saving environmental protection product, is just progressively subject to the extensive concern of common people.Mixing The key of power is hybrid power system, and its performance is directly connected to the performance of hybrid vehicle.But these mixing at present Dynamical system has that structural volume leads to greatly arrangement difficult and complex structure high cost.Simultaneously for automobile-used six For shift transmission, often adopt horizontal triple axle change speed gear box.Triple axle change speed gear box has an input shaft, two outputs Axle.Gear can reasonable Arrangement on three axles, therefore axial dimension is little, is conducive to car load adjustment arrangement, support distances are little, speed change Case good rigidity.But triple axle change speed gear box employs two output shafts, two output shafts are intended to engage with input shaft and decelerator, are The gear on two output shafts is made not interfere, the centre-to-centre spacing between each axle must suitably become big, therefore required meshing gear Also accordingly larger, lead to the quality weight of change speed gear box, volume is big, noise is big, the nvh poor-performing of change speed gear box.
Content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is aiming at the defect of prior art, provides a kind of electric-controlled mechanical gearbox designs.
The technical solution used in the present invention is: includes input shaft, output shaft, reverse gear shaft;Input shaft is provided with multiple gears Driving gear, output shaft is provided with multiple gear driven gears engaging with gear driving gear and reduction gearing, on reverse gear shaft It is fixed with the driving gear that reverses gear, and is arranged with the driven gear that reverses gear, the driven gear that reverses gear is connected with reverse gear synchronizer, and it also includes
Jackshaft, described jackshaft is provided with multiple gear driving gears engaging with gear driven gear;
First motor shaft, described first motor shaft is fixed with the first motor shaft driving gear;
Second motor shaft, described second motor shaft is provided with the second motor shaft engaging with the first motor shaft driving gear The second motor shaft driving gear group that driven gear is engaged with gear driving gears multiple on jackshaft;
Wherein, output shaft, jackshaft, reverse gear shaft, the first motor shaft and the second motor shaft be arranged in parallel around input shaft.
Further preferred structure, described input shaft connects output shaft drive.
Further preferred structure, described input shaft is sequentially provided with two gear driving gear, three gear driving gears and four gears Driving gear;Wherein, two gear driving gear is fixed on input shaft.
Further preferred structure, described three gear driving gears and four gear driving gears are all sheathed on input shaft, three gears It is connected with three or four gear lock units between driving gear and four gear driving gears.
Further preferred structure, described output shaft is sequentially provided with reduction gearing, a gear driven gear, two gear driven tooth Wheel, five gear driven gears, three gear driven gears, four gear driven gears and six gear driven gears;Wherein, reduction gearing, five gear from Moving gear, three gear driven gears, four gear driven gears and six gear driven gears are both secured on output shaft.
Further preferred structure, a described gear driven gear and two gear driven gears are sheathed on output shaft, and a gear It is connected with one or two gear lock units between driven gear and two gear driven gears.
Further preferred structure, described jackshaft is sequentially provided with a gear driving gear, five gear driving gears and six gears Driving gear;Wherein, a gear driving gear is fixed on jackshaft.
Further preferred structure, described five gear driving gears and six gear driving gears are sheathed on jackshaft, and five gears It is connected with five or six gear lock units between driving gear and six gear driving gears.
Further preferred structure, a described gear driving gear includes the one one gear driving gear and the 2nd 1 gear driving tooth Wheel.
Further preferred structure, described second motor shaft is sequentially provided with the second motor shaft driven gear, the second motor Axle first driving gear and second motor shaft the second driving gear;Wherein, the second motor shaft driven gear is fixed on the second motor On axle.
Further preferred structure, described second motor shaft the first driving gear and second motor shaft the second driving gear are equal It is sheathed on the second motor shaft, and be connected between second motor shaft the first driving gear and second motor shaft the second driving gear Second motor shaft lock unit.
Further preferred structure, described three gear driving gears and driving gear engagement of reversing gear.
Further preferred structure, described four gear driven gears and four gear driving gear engagements, described three gear driven gears With three gear driving gear engagements, described two gear driven gears and two gear driving gear engagement, one keeps off driven gear and reverses gear driven Gear engages.
Further preferred structure, described six gear driving gears and six gear driven gear engagements, described five gear driving gears With five gear driven gear engagements.
Further preferred structure, described one one gear driving gear is engaged with two gear driven gears, described 2nd 1 gear Driving gear is engaged with a gear driven gear.
Further preferred structure, described second motor shaft the first driving gear is engaged with six gear driving gears, and described the Two motor shaft the second driving gears are engaged with the one one gear driving gear.
Further preferred structure, described reducer shaft is located at below output shaft, and jackshaft is located above output shaft, input Above output shaft, reverse gear shaft is located above jackshaft axle position, and the second motor shaft is located at below output shaft.
Change speed gear box axial dimension of the present invention is little, is conducive to car load adjustment arrangement, support distances are little simultaneously, good rigidity, only use A piece output shaft is engaged with input shaft and main reducing gear, and jackshaft is only engaged with output shaft, decreases the centre-to-centre spacing between each axle, Reduce the volume of change speed gear box, the size of meshing gear also accordingly diminishes, the nvh performance of change speed gear box is good;Meanwhile, the present invention is permissible By the motor output shaft with motor connection, directly pure electric power inputs or to change speed gear box offer power compensation, improves mixing dynamic Power vehicle performance.On the other hand, air-conditioning is directly connected with input shaft, by motor and engine driving, eliminates and is operated alone The motor of air-conditioning, so greatly reduces the cost of change speed gear box, and structure is simple, easily arranges.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is present configuration schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the present invention each axle distribution.
In figure: 1- electromotor;2- clutch;3- input shaft;4- two gear driving gear;5- tri- keeps off driving gear;6- tri- or four Gear lock unit;7- tetra- keeps off driving gear;8- reverse gear shaft;9- reverses gear driven gear;10- reverse gear synchronizer;11- reverses gear driving tooth Wheel;12- output shaft;13- six keeps off driven gear;14- tetra- keeps off driven gear;15- tri- keeps off driven gear;16- five keeps off driven gear; 17- bis- keeps off driven gear;18- mono- or two keeps off lock unit;19- mono- keeps off driven gear;20- reduction gearing;21- jackshaft;22- six keeps off Driving gear;23- five or six keeps off lock unit;24- five keeps off driving gear;25- mono- keeps off driving gear;25.1- the 1st keeps off driving tooth Wheel;25.2- the 2nd 1 keeps off driving gear;26- exports shaft drive;27- second motor shaft;28- the second motor shaft first is main Moving gear;29- the second motor shaft lock unit;30- the second motor shaft the second driving gear;31- the second motor shaft driven gear; 32- reducer gear;33- main reducing gear;34- first motor shaft;35- the first motor shaft driving gear;36- motor;37- slows down Device axle.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, is easy to be well understood to this Bright, but they do not constitute restriction to the present invention.
As shown in figure 1, the present invention is including basis six gear change speed gear box, basis six gear change speed gear box includes connecting electromotor 1 input shaft 3, output shaft 12, reverse gear shaft 8 and reducer shaft 37;Input shaft 3 is provided with multiple gear driving gears and clutch 2, output shaft 12 is provided with multiple gear driven gears engaging with gear driving gear and reduction gearing 20, solid on reverse gear shaft 8 Surely reverse gear driving gear 11, and is arranged with the driven gear 9 that reverses gear, and the driven gear 9 that reverses gear is connected with reverse gear synchronizer 10, slows down The reducer gear 32 being engaged with reduction gearing 20 is arranged with device axle 37, reducer gear 32 is fixed with main reducing gear 33, Basis six gear change speed gear box also includes jackshaft 21, and described jackshaft 21 is provided with multiple gears engaging with gear driven gear Driving gear.
Present invention additionally comprises the first motor shaft 34 being connected with motor 36, the second motor shaft 27, described first motor shaft 34 On be fixed with the first motor shaft driving gear 35;Described second motor shaft 27 is provided with and is engaged with the first motor shaft driving gear 35 The second motor shaft driving gear of engaging with gear driving gears multiple on jackshaft 21 of the second motor shaft driven gear 31 Group.Described input shaft 3 connects output shaft drive 26, and described output shaft drive 26 connects air-conditioning.
As shown in Fig. 2 described reducer shaft 37 is located at below output shaft 12, jackshaft 21 is located above output shaft 12, defeated Enter axle 3 and be located above output shaft 12, reverse gear shaft 8 is located above jackshaft 21, the second motor shaft 27 is located at below output shaft 12.
Transition is used as by jackshaft 21, the gear on jackshaft 21 is only engaged with the gear on output shaft 12, all gears Position is all exported by output shaft 12, and reverse gear driving gear 11 and reverse gear driven gear 9 two are only distributed with reverse gear shaft 8, other The driving gear of six gears is uniformly distributed on input shaft 3 and jackshaft 21, connection and reasonable arrangement, and the size of each gear is less, with When each axle between centre-to-centre spacing little, effectively reduce the volume of change speed gear box, reduce the quality of change speed gear box, be easy to arrangement and Lightweight.
In technique scheme, described input shaft 3 is sequentially provided with two gear driving gear 4, three gear driving gear 5 and four gears Driving gear 7;Wherein, two gear driving gear 4 is fixed on input shaft 3.Described three gear driving gears 5 and four gear driving gears 7 All it is sheathed on input shaft 3, between three gear driving gears 5 and four gear driving gears 7, be connected with three or four gear lock units 6.
In technique scheme, described output shaft 12 is sequentially provided with reduction gearing 20, a gear driven gear 19, two gear from Moving gear 17, five gear driven gear 16, three gear driven gear 15, four gear driven gear 14 and six gear driven gears 13;Wherein, subtract Fast gear 20, five gear driven gear 16, three gear driven gear 15, four gear driven gear 14 and six gear driven gears 13 are both secured to On output shaft 12.A described gear driven gear 19 and two gear driven gears 17 are sheathed on output shaft 12, and a gear driven gear 19 and two gear driven gear 17 between be connected with one or two gear lock units 18.
In technique scheme, described jackshaft 21 is sequentially provided with a gear driving gear 25, five gear driving gear 24 and Six gear driving gears 22;Wherein, a gear driving gear 25 is fixed on jackshaft 21.Described five gear driving gears 24 and six gear masters Moving gear 22 is sheathed on jackshaft 21, and it is synchronous to be connected with five or six gears between five gear driving gears 24 and six gear driving gears 22 Device 23.A described gear driving gear 25 includes the one one gear driving gear the 25.1 and the 2nd 1 gear driving gear 25.2.
One gear driving gear 25 is designed as two input gears it is ensured that a gear exports from output shaft 12.
In technique scheme, described three gear driving gears 5 and the driving gear 11 that reverses gear engage.Described four gear driven gears 14 and four keep off driving gear 7 engages, and described three gear driven gears 15 and three gear driving gears 5 engage, described two gear driven gears 17 and two gear driving gear 4 engage, a gear driven gear 19 and the driven gear 9 that reverses gear engage.Described six gear driving gear 22 Hes Six gear driven gears 13 engage, and described five gear driving gears 24 and five gear driven gears 16 engage.Described one one gear driving tooth Wheel 25.1 is engaged with two gear driven gears 17, and described 2nd 1 gear driving gear 25.2 is engaged with a gear driven gear 19.
In technique scheme, described second motor shaft 27 is sequentially provided with second motor shaft driven gear the 31, second electricity Arbor the first driving gear 28 and second motor shaft the second driving gear 30;Wherein, the second motor shaft driven gear 31 is fixed on On second motor shaft 27.Described second motor shaft the first driving gear 28 and second motor shaft the second driving gear 30 are all sheathed on On second motor shaft 27, and it is connected between second motor shaft the first driving gear 28 and second motor shaft the second driving gear 30 Second motor shaft lock unit 29.
In technique scheme, described second motor shaft the first driving gear 28 is engaged with six gear driving gears 22, described Second motor shaft the second driving gear 30 is engaged with the one one gear driving gear 25.1.
Work process of the present invention is:
1st, engine power transfer route
(1) a, gear power transmission line: clutch 2 combines, and power is delivered to input shaft 3 from electromotor 1, and power is through two Gear driving gear 4, two gear driven gear 17 (one or two gear lock units 18 are centrally located), the one one gear driving gear 25.1 to Jackshaft 21, one or two gear lock units 18 are engaged with a gear driven gear 19, through the 2nd 1 gear driving gear 25.2, gear driven tooth Wheel 19 is delivered to output shaft 12, then is delivered to output on main reducing gear 33 through reduction gearing 20.
(2), two gear power transmission line: clutch 2 combines, it is same that power is delivered to input shaft 3,1 gear from electromotor 1 Step device 18 is engaged with two gear driven gears 17, and power keeps off driven gear 17 through two gear driving gear 4, two and is delivered to output shaft 12, It is delivered to output on main reducing gear 33 through reduction gearing 20 again.
(3), three gear power transmission line: clutch 2 combines, it is same that power is delivered to input shaft 3,34 gear from electromotor 1 Step device 6 is engaged with three gear driving gears 5, and power keeps off driven gears 15 to output shaft 12 through three gear driving gears 5, three, then through subtracting Fast gear 20 is delivered to output on main reducing gear 33.
(4), four gear power transmission line: clutch 2 combines, it is same that power is delivered to input shaft 3,34 gear from electromotor 1 Step device 6 is engaged with four gear driving gears 7, and power keeps off driven gears 14 to output shaft 12 through four gear driving gears 7, four, then through subtracting Fast gear 20 is delivered to output on main reducing gear 33.
(5), five gear power transmission line: clutch 2 combines, it is same that power is delivered to input shaft 3,56 gear from electromotor 1 Step device 23 is engaged with five gear driving gears 24, and power is through two gear driving gear 4, two gear driven gear 17 (one or two gear lock units 18 Centrally located), the one one gear driving gear 25.1 to jackshaft 21, through five gear driving gears 24, five gear driven gears 16 To output shaft 12, then it is delivered to output on main reducing gear 33 through reduction gearing 20.
(6), six gear power transmission line: clutch 2 combines, it is same that power is delivered to input shaft 3,56 gear from electromotor 1 Step device 23 is engaged with six gear driving gears 22, and power is through two gear driving gear 4, two gear driven gear 17 (one or two gear lock units 18 Centrally located), the one one gear driving gear 25.1 to jackshaft 21, through six gear driving gears 22, six gear driven gears 13 To output shaft 12, then it is delivered to output on main reducing gear 33 through reduction gearing 20.
(7), reverse gear power transmission line: clutch 2 combines, and power is delivered to input shaft 3 from electromotor 1, synchronization of reversing gear Device 10 is engaged with the driven gear 9 that reverses gear, and through two gear driving gear 4, two gear driven gear 17, (one or two gear lock units 18 are located at power Centre position), the 1st gear driving gear 25.1 to jackshaft 21, the 2nd 1 gear driving gear 25.2, a gear driven gear 19, Reverse gear driven gear 9 to reverse gear shaft 8, through reversing gear, (three or four gear lock units 6 are in interposition to driving gear 11, three gear driving gear 5 Put), three gear driven gears 15 be delivered on main reducing gear 33 output to output shaft 12, then through reduction gearing 20.
2nd, motor power compensates transfer route
During electromotor 1 normal work: clutch 2 combines, motor 36 starts, the second motor shaft lock unit 29 and the second motor Axle the first driving gear 28 engages, and power is delivered to the first motor shaft 34 through motor 36, and power is through the first motor shaft driving gear 35th, the second motor shaft driven gear 31 is delivered to the second motor shaft 27, keeps off actively through second motor shaft the first driving gear 28, six Gear 22, six gear driven gear 13 is delivered to output shaft 12, then is delivered to output on main reducing gear 33 through reduction gearing 20, realizes Power compensation.
3rd, pure motor power transfer route
When electromotor 1 does not work:
(1) a, gear power transmission line: motor 36 starts, the second motor shaft lock unit 29 and the second motor shaft second are main Moving gear 30 engages, and one or two gear lock units 18 are engaged with a gear driven gear 19, and power is delivered to the first motor shaft through motor 36 34, power is delivered to the second motor shaft 27 through the first motor shaft driving gear 35, the second motor shaft driven gear 31, through the second electricity Arbor the second driving gear the 30, the 1st gear driving gear 25.1, to jackshaft 21, keeps off through the 2nd 1 gear driving gear 25.2, Driven gear 19 is delivered to output shaft 12, then is delivered to output on main reducing gear 33 through reduction gearing 20.
(2), two gear power transmission line: motor 36 starts, the second motor shaft lock unit 29 and the second motor shaft second are main Moving gear 30 engages, and one or two gear lock units 18 are engaged with two gear driven gears 17, and power is delivered to the first motor shaft through motor 36 34, power is delivered to the second motor shaft 27 through the first motor shaft driving gear 35, the second motor shaft driven gear 31, through the second electricity Arbor the second driving gear the 30, the 1st gear driving gear 25.1, two gear driven gear 17 is delivered to output shaft 12, then through slowing down Gear 20 is delivered to output on main reducing gear 33.
(3), three gear power transmission line: motor 36 starts, the second motor shaft lock unit 29 and the second motor shaft second are main Moving gear 30 engages, and three or four gear lock units 6 are engaged with three gear driving gears 5, and power is delivered to the first motor shaft 34 through motor 36, Power is delivered to the second motor shaft 27 through the first motor shaft driving gear 35, the second motor shaft driven gear 31, through the second motor (one or two gear lock units 18 are in interposition to axle the second driving gear the 30, the 1st gear driving gear 25.1, two gear driven gear 17 Put), two gear driving gear 4 to input shaft 3, then through three gear driving gears 5, three gear driven gears 15 to output shaft 12, then through subtracting Fast gear 20 is delivered to output on main reducing gear 33.
(4), four gear power transmission line: motor 36 starts, the second motor shaft lock unit 29 and the second motor shaft second are main Moving gear 30 engages, and three or four gear lock units 6 are engaged with four gear driving gears 7, and power is delivered to the first motor shaft 34 through motor 36, Power is delivered to the second motor shaft 27 through the first motor shaft driving gear 35, the second motor shaft driven gear 31, through the second motor (one or two gear lock units 18 are in interposition to axle the second driving gear the 30, the 1st gear driving gear 25.1, two gear driven gear 17 Put), two gear driving gear 4 to input shaft 3, then through four gear driving gears 7, four gear driven gears 14 to output shaft 12, then through subtracting Fast gear 20 is delivered to output on main reducing gear 33.
(5), five gear power transmission line: motor 36 starts, the second motor shaft lock unit 29 and the second motor shaft second are main Moving gear 30 engages, and five or six gear lock units 23 are engaged with five gear driving gears 24, and power is delivered to the first motor shaft through motor 36 34, power is delivered to the second motor shaft 27 through the first motor shaft driving gear 35, the second motor shaft driven gear 31, through the second electricity Arbor the second driving gear the 30, the 1st gear driving gear 25.1, to jackshaft 21, keeps off driven tooth through five gear driving gears 24, five Wheel 16 to output shaft 12, then it is delivered to output on main reducing gear 33 through reduction gearing 20.
(6), six gear power transmission line: motor 36 starts, the first second motor shaft lock unit 29 and the second motor shaft the Two driving gears 30 engage, and five or six gear lock units 23 are engaged with six gear driving gears 22, and power is delivered to the first electricity through motor 36 Arbor 34, power is delivered to the second motor shaft 27 through the first motor shaft driving gear 35, the second motor shaft driven gear 31, through Two motor shaft the second driving gear the 30, the 1st gear driving gear 25.1 to jackshaft 21, through six gear driving gears 22, six gears from Moving gear 13 is delivered to output on main reducing gear 33 to output shaft 12, then through reduction gearing 20.
(7), reverse gear power transmission line: motor 36 starts, and the second motor shaft lock unit 29 and the second motor shaft second are main Moving gear 30 engages, and reverse gear synchronizer 10 is engaged with the driven gear 9 that reverses gear, and power is delivered to the first motor shaft 34 through motor 36, Power is delivered to the second motor shaft 27 through the first motor shaft driving gear 35, the second motor shaft driven gear 31, through the second motor Axle the second driving gear the 30, the 1st gear driving gear 25.1 to jackshaft 21, through a 2nd 1 gear driving gear 25.2, gear from Moving gear 19 (one or two gear lock units 18 are in an intermediate position), the driven gear 9 that reverses gear to reverse gear shaft 8, through the driving gear that reverses gear 11st, three driving gears 5 (three or four gear lock units 6 are in an intermediate position), three gear driven gears 15 are kept off to output shaft 12, then through slowing down Gear 20 is delivered to output on main reducing gear 33.
4th, air-conditioning drives route
(1), stop and shut down and during engine misses: motor 36 starts, the second motor shaft lock unit 29 and the second motor shaft Second driving gear 30 engages, and power is delivered to the first motor shaft 34 through motor 36, power through the first motor shaft driving gear 35, Second motor shaft driven gear 31 to the second motor shaft 27, keeps off driving tooth through second motor shaft the second driving gear the 30, the 1st Wheel 25.1, two gear driven gear 17 (one or two gear lock units 18 are in an intermediate position), two gear driving gear 4 drive to input shaft 3 Output shaft drive 26 is to air-conditioning work.
(2), moment filling route: motor 36 starts, the second motor shaft lock unit 29 and second motor shaft the first driving tooth Wheel 28 engages, three or four gear lock units 6 are engaged with four gear driving gears 7, and power is delivered to the first motor shaft 34, power through motor 36 It is delivered to the second motor shaft 27 through the first motor shaft driving gear 35, the second motor shaft driven gear 31, through the second motor shaft One driving gear 28, six gear driving gear 22 (five or six gear lock units 23 are in an intermediate position), six gear driven gears 13 are to output Axle 12, then drive output shaft drive 26 to air-conditioning work through four gear driven gear 14, four gear driving gears 7 to input shaft 3.
The content that this specification is not described in detail belongs to prior art known to professional and technical personnel in the field.

Claims (16)

1. a kind of electric-controlled mechanical gearbox designs, including input shaft (3), output shaft (12), reversing shaft (8);On input shaft (3) It is provided with multiple gear driving gears, output shaft (12) is provided with multiple gear driven gears being engaged with gear driving gear and subtracts Fast gear (20), reversing shaft (8) is fixed with reverse driving gear (11), and is arranged with reverse gear driven gear (9), and reverse gear is driven Gear (9) be connected with reversing-gear synchronizer (10) it is characterised in that: it also includes
Jackshaft (21), described jackshaft (21) is provided with multiple gear driving gears engaging with gear driven gear;
First motor shaft (34), described first motor shaft (34) is fixed with the first motor shaft driving gear (35);
Second motor shaft (27), described second motor shaft (27) is provided with second engaging with the first motor shaft driving gear (35) The second motor shaft driving gear group that motor shaft driven gear (31) multiple gear driving gears upper with jackshaft (21) engage;
Wherein, output shaft (12), jackshaft (21), reversing shaft (8), the first motor shaft (34) and the second motor shaft (27) are around defeated Enter axle (3) to be arranged in parallel;
Two grades of driving gears (4), third speed drive gear (5) and fourth gear driving gear (7) are sequentially provided with described input shaft (3); Wherein, two grades of driving gears (4) are fixed on input shaft (3).
2. electric-controlled mechanical gearbox designs as claimed in claim 1 it is characterised in that: described input shaft (3) connects output Shaft drive (26).
3. electric-controlled mechanical gearbox designs as claimed in claim 1 it is characterised in that: described third speed drive gear (5) and Fourth gear driving gear (7) is all sheathed on input shaft (3), is connected between third speed drive gear (5) and fourth gear driving gear (7) Three fourth gear lock units (6).
4. electric-controlled mechanical gearbox designs as claimed in claim 1 it is characterised in that: set successively on described output shaft (12) There are reduction gearing (20), first speed driven gear (19), two grades of driven gears (17), five grades of driven gears (16), third gear driven tooth Wheel (15), fourth gear driven gear (14) and six grades of driven gears (13);Wherein, reduction gearing (20), five grades of driven gears (16), Third gear driven gear (15), fourth gear driven gear (14) and six grades of driven gears (13) are both secured on output shaft (12).
5. electric-controlled mechanical gearbox designs as claimed in claim 4 it is characterised in that: described first speed driven gear (19) and Two grades of driven gears (17) are sheathed on output shaft (12), and connect between first speed driven gear (19) and two grades of driven gears (17) It is connected to one or two grades of lock units (18).
6. electric-controlled mechanical gearbox designs as claimed in claim 1 it is characterised in that: set successively on described jackshaft (21) There are one grade of driving gear (25), five grades of driving gears (24) and six grades of driving gears (22);Wherein, one grade of driving gear (25) is solid On jackshaft (21).
7. electric-controlled mechanical gearbox designs as claimed in claim 6 it is characterised in that: described five grades of driving gears (24) and Six grades of driving gears (22) are sheathed on jackshaft (21), and connect between five grades of driving gears (24) and six grades of driving gears (22) It is connected to five or six grades of lock units (23).
8. electric-controlled mechanical gearbox designs as claimed in claim 6 it is characterised in that: described one grade of driving gear (25) bag Include the one one grade of driving gear (25.1) and the 2nd 1 grade of driving gear (25.2).
9. electric-controlled mechanical gearbox designs as claimed in claim 8 it is characterised in that: on described second motor shaft (27) according to Secondary it is provided with the second motor shaft driven gear (31), the second motor shaft the first driving gear (28) and second motor shaft the second driving tooth Wheel (30);Wherein, the second motor shaft driven gear (31) is fixed on the second motor shaft (27).
10. electric-controlled mechanical gearbox designs as claimed in claim 9 it is characterised in that: described second motor shaft first is main Moving gear (28) and the second motor shaft the second driving gear (30) are all sheathed on the second motor shaft (27), and the second motor shaft It is connected with the second motor shaft lock unit (29) between one driving gear (28) and the second motor shaft the second driving gear (30).
11. electric-controlled mechanical gearbox designs as claimed in claim 3 it is characterised in that: described third speed drive gear (5) and Reverse driving gear (11) engages.
12. electric-controlled mechanical gearbox designs as claimed in claim 5 it is characterised in that: described fourth gear driven gear (14) With fourth gear driving gear (7) engagement, described third gear driven gear (15) and third speed drive gear (5) engagement, described two grades driven Gear (17) and two grades of driving gear (4) engagements, first speed driven gear (19) and reverse gear driven gear (9) engagement.
13. electric-controlled mechanical gearbox designs as claimed in claim 7 it is characterised in that: described six grades of driving gears (22) Engage with six grades of driven gears (13), described five grades of driving gears (24) and five grades of driven gears (16) are engaged.
14. electric-controlled mechanical gearbox designs as claimed in claim 8 it is characterised in that: described one one grade of driving gear (25.1) engage with two grades of driven gears (17), described 2nd 1 grade of driving gear (25.2) is nibbled with first speed driven gear (19) Close.
15. electric-controlled mechanical gearbox designs as claimed in claim 10 it is characterised in that: described second motor shaft first is main Moving gear (28) is engaged with six grades of driving gears (22), described second motor shaft the second driving gear (30) and the one one grade of active Gear (25.1) engages.
16. electric-controlled mechanical gearbox designs as claimed in claim 1 it is characterised in that: also include reducer shaft (37), institute State reducer shaft (37) and be located at below output shaft (12), jackshaft (21) is located above output shaft (12), and input shaft (3) is located at defeated Above shaft (12), reversing shaft (8) is located above jackshaft (21), and the second motor shaft (27) is located at below output shaft (12).
CN201410679511.0A 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 Electric control mechanical gearbox structure Active CN104373528B (en)

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DE102016015265A1 (en) * 2016-12-21 2018-06-21 Daimler Ag Double clutch
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