CN104372900B - The solar energy house plane system of a kind of multifunctional all and control method - Google Patents

The solar energy house plane system of a kind of multifunctional all and control method Download PDF

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CN104372900B
CN104372900B CN201410631565.XA CN201410631565A CN104372900B CN 104372900 B CN104372900 B CN 104372900B CN 201410631565 A CN201410631565 A CN 201410631565A CN 104372900 B CN104372900 B CN 104372900B
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type semiconductor
solar
chopper
temperature
hot plate
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CN104372900A (en
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郭永辉
林小英
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Fujian University of Technology
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Fujian University of Technology
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

The present invention provide the solar energy house plane system of a kind of multifunctional all, described solar energy house plane system include device of solar generating, circuit controller, cold and hot brake unit, summer electric supply installation, winter electric supply installation, the first temperature probe, the second temperature probe, temperature sensor, temperature voltage controller, voltage sensor, the first chopper, the second chopper, the 3rd chopper, the 4th chopper;Described device of solar generating includes photovoltaic module, controller for solar, solar DC storage power, described cold and hot brake unit, described summer electric supply installation, described winter electric supply installation all include a P-type semiconductor, a N-type semiconductor and several metal guide hot plates;The present invention also provides for the control method of the solar roof of a kind of multifunctional all, it is possible to safeguards system works normally and efficiently, it is achieved heat supply, cooling, generating are multi-functional in one。

Description

The solar energy house plane system of a kind of multifunctional all and control method
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of solar utilization technique, particularly relate to solar energy house plane system and the control method of a kind of multifunctional all。
Background technology
Along with development and the progress of society, people are more and more higher to the requirement of living environment, and air-conditioning, heat collector etc. step into huge numbers of families, won rapidly the favor of consumers in general, but also produced some problems:
1, the living environment in building it is solely focused on, outside the heat dissipation in building to building, forming the phenomenon of such as " tropical island effect ";
2, energy demand is huge: according to statistics, and China is an energy resource consumption big country, and annual whole nation energy consumption accounts for the 1/3 of whole world total energy consumption, and has 1/3 to originate from building energy consumption in the total energy consumption of the whole nation;
3, in concept, people are only concerned building location, structure and seismic behavior etc., architectural exterior-protecting construction are paid close attention to not, the environment in raising building that can only be passive。
" wanting the energy to roof " becomes an inevitable direction of future development。Roof is one of general constitution element of building, it it is the peripheral structure of house top layer covering, function is that roof, in the design load of air-conditioning and heat collector, occupies considerable proportion for resisting the wind and snow frost rain of nature, solar radiation, temperature Change and other unfavorable factors。How utilizing the temperature difference inside and outside the roof space, structure, solar energy and building, can reduce again building energy consumption while advancing in living standard, people come up with various way。The Chinese utility model that application number is CN201120194551.8 in application on June 10th, 2011, relate to a kind of solar roof possessing generating function, including roof boarding, a support system and the fixed mechanism connecting roof boarding and a support system, it is achieved that the combination of photovoltaic and photothermal。The Chinese invention that application number is CN201010271039.9 in JIUYUE in 2010 application on the 1st, propose a kind of colored solar pitched roof, by the base frame being built in top of building, the crossbeam arranged on base frame, the glass permeation body of bonding on crossbeam, and constitute at the heat collector of glass permeation body inner adhesion, it is possible to build smooth surface good seal, the solar energy pitched roof that heat insulation water isolating is excellent。The Chinese invention that application number is CN200710105783.X in application on May 30th, 2007, propose a kind of solar-energy building and building integrated solar utilizes device, it is processed into one with heat pipe or inorganic heat pipe by sheet metal, there is the solar collection element of construction and decoration function, conduction type pressure-bearing, No leakage heat energy aggregating apparatus, composite heat-insulating layer etc. is constituted;Build among roof, body of wall and sunshade, or be arranged on roof, wall face, or be used as sunshade, it is achieved solar-heating comprehensively utilizes。Although these technology solve certain problem theoretically, but the utilization of roof structure and solar energy is focused simply on, it is not involved with the temperature difference inside and outside building to utilize, accordingly, it is proposed to a kind of more comprehensively heat supply, cooling, the multi-functional solar energy house plane system in one of generating and control method。
Summary of the invention
One of the technical problem to be solved in the present invention, is in that to provide a kind of multi-functional solar energy house plane system, it is possible to realize heat supply, cooling, generating multi-functional in one。
One of problem of the present invention, is achieved in that
A kind of solar energy house plane system of multifunctional all, described solar energy house plane system include device of solar generating, circuit controller, cold and hot brake unit, summer electric supply installation, winter electric supply installation, the first temperature probe, the second temperature probe, temperature sensor, temperature voltage controller, voltage sensor, the first chopper, the second chopper, the 3rd chopper, the 4th chopper;Described device of solar generating includes photovoltaic module, controller for solar, solar DC storage power, described cold and hot brake unit includes the first P-type semiconductor, first N-type semiconductor, first metal guide hot plate, second metal guide hot plate, 3rd metal guide hot plate, described summer, electric supply installation included the second P-type semiconductor, second N-type semiconductor, 4th metal guide hot plate, fifth metal heat-conducting plate, described winter, electric supply installation included the 3rd P-type semiconductor, 3rd N-type semiconductor, 6th metal guide hot plate, 7th metal guide hot plate, described first P-type semiconductor, described first N-type semiconductor, described second P-type semiconductor, described second N-type semiconductor, described 3rd P-type semiconductor, described 3rd N-type semiconductor is all distributed in the interior outside of roofing;
Described controller for solar is connected with described photovoltaic module, described solar DC storage power respectively;One end of the first P-type semiconductor in described cold and hot brake unit is connected with the second metal guide hot plate inside roofing, and its other end is connected with the first metal guide hot plate outside roofing;One end of the first N-type semiconductor in described cold and hot brake unit is connected with the 3rd metal guide hot plate inside roofing, and its other end is connected with the first metal guide hot plate outside roofing;Described circuit controller respectively with described second metal guide hot plate, described 3rd metal guide hot plate, the positive pole of described solar DC storage power, described solar DC storage power negative pole be connected;One end of the second P-type semiconductor in described summer electric supply installation is connected with the 4th metal guide hot plate inside roofing, one end of second N-type semiconductor is connected with the fifth metal heat-conducting plate inside roofing, and the second P-type semiconductor in described summer electric supply installation, the other end of the second N-type semiconductor directly dock;Described 4th metal guide hot plate is connected with the positive pole of described solar DC storage power by the first chopper, and described fifth metal heat-conducting plate is connected with the negative pole of described solar DC storage power by the second chopper;One end of the 3rd P-type semiconductor in described winter electric supply installation is connected with the 6th metal guide hot plate outside roofing, one end of 3rd N-type semiconductor is connected with the 7th metal guide hot plate outside roofing, and the 3rd P-type semiconductor in described winter electric supply installation, the other end of the 3rd N-type semiconductor directly dock;Described 6th metal guide hot plate is connected with the positive pole of described solar DC storage power by the 3rd chopper, and described 7th metal guide hot plate is connected with the negative pole of described solar DC storage power by the 4th chopper;Described temperature voltage controller is connected with described temperature sensor, described voltage sensor respectively;First temperature probe, the second temperature probe are respectively arranged at the interior outside of roofing and are connected to described temperature sensor。
Further, described first chopper, described second chopper are linkage, and described 3rd chopper, described 4th chopper are linkage;The mode of described linkage drives each through described solar DC storage power 3。
The two of the technical problem to be solved in the present invention, are in that to provide the control method of a kind of multi-functional solar roof, it is possible to realize heat supply, cooling, generating multi-functional in one。
The two of the problem of the present invention, are achieved in that
A kind of control method of the solar roof of multifunctional all, described method is based on what the solar energy house plane system of the invention described above realized, and described method specifically includes following steps:
Step 1, the temperature T set in rooms of buildingsinRange for T1~T2, temperature outside rooms of buildings be Tout, solar DC storage power minimal protection voltage be V0
Step 2, device of solar generating provide DC source, and the voltage V of voltage sensor continuous detecting solar DC storage power, when V is more than or equal to V0Time, voltage sensor is to temperature voltage controller one signal instruction, temperature voltage controller disconnects the first chopper, the second chopper, the 3rd chopper, the 4th chopper, and temperature sensor carrys out the temperature T inside and outside continuous detecting rooms of buildings by the first temperature probe, the second temperature probeinAnd ToutIf, TinEqual to Tout, then this solar energy house plane system does not work, if TinMore than or less than Tout, it specifically has:
Step 21, work as TinMore than T2Time, temperature sensor is to temperature voltage controller one signal instruction, temperature voltage controller open circuit controller, the positive pole making solar DC storage power connects the first N-type semiconductor in cold and hot brake unit and the 3rd metal guide hot plate, negative pole connects the first P-type semiconductor in cold and hot brake unit and the second metal guide hot plate, under the effect of electric field, utilize the difference of building internal-external temperature difference, make the first P-type semiconductor of side within doors in cold and hot brake unit, first N-type semiconductor respectively with the second metal guide hot plate, node temperature between 3rd metal guide hot plate lowers, under the free convection effect with radiation, indoor temperature is reduced;
Step 22, work as TinLess than T1Time, temperature sensor is to temperature voltage controller one signal instruction, temperature voltage controller open circuit controller, the positive pole making solar DC storage power connects the first P-type semiconductor in cold and hot brake unit and the second metal guide hot plate, negative pole connects the first N-type semiconductor in cold and hot brake unit and the 3rd metal guide hot plate, under the effect of electric field, utilize the difference of building internal-external temperature difference, make the first P-type semiconductor of side within doors in cold and hot brake unit, first N-type semiconductor respectively with the second metal guide hot plate, between 3rd metal guide hot plate, node temperature is gone up, under the free convection effect with radiation, indoor temperature is raised;
Step 23, work as TinAt T1~T2Between time, temperature sensor is to temperature voltage controller one signal instruction, temperature voltage controller open circuit controller, the positive pole of solar DC storage power, negative pole are simultaneously switched off and the connection of the second metal guide hot plate in cold and hot brake unit, the 3rd metal guide hot plate, and namely this cold and hot brake unit does not work;
Step 3, voltage sensor continuous detecting solar DC storage power voltage V, when V is less than V0Time, temperature sensor carrys out the temperature T inside and outside continuous detecting rooms of buildings by the first temperature probe, the second temperature probeinAnd ToutIf, TinEqual to Tout, then this solar energy house plane system does not work, if TinMore than or less than Tout, it specifically has:
Step 31, work as TinLess than ToutTime, voltage sensor is to temperature voltage controller one signal instruction, temperature voltage controller is connected and the first chopper that summer, electric supply installation was connected and the second chopper, disconnect and the 3rd chopper that winter, electric supply installation was connected and the 4th chopper, the positive pole making solar DC storage power connects the second P-type semiconductor in electric supply installation in summer and the 4th metal guide hot plate, negative pole connects the second N-type semiconductor in electric supply installation in summer and fifth metal heat-conducting plate, utilize the difference of building internal-external temperature difference, make summer electric supply installation be solar DC storage power charging;
Step 32, work as TinMore than ToutTime, voltage sensor is to temperature voltage controller one signal instruction, temperature voltage controller is connected and the 3rd chopper that winter, electric supply installation was connected and the 4th chopper, disconnect and the first chopper that summer, electric supply installation was connected and the second chopper, the positive pole making solar DC storage power connects the 3rd P-type semiconductor in electric supply installation in winter and the 6th metal guide hot plate, negative pole connects the 3rd N-type semiconductor in electric supply installation in winter and the 7th metal guide hot plate, utilize the difference of building internal-external temperature difference, make winter electric supply installation be solar DC storage power charging。
Further, described first chopper, described second chopper are linkage, and described 3rd chopper, described 4th chopper are linkage;The mode of described linkage drives each through described solar DC storage power 3。
Present invention have the advantage that
1, the control device of the present invention and method are reliable, it is possible to safeguards system works normally and efficiently, it is achieved heat supply, cooling, generating are multi-functional in one;
2, simple to operate, change according to building internal and external temperature size, and the size of the pressure of solar DC storage power in device of solar generating, the switch regulating chopper by linking realizes switching corresponding Circuits System;
3, installation is simple, and after installation and debugging, operating cost is low;
4, the control device in the present invention can Non-follow control, can automatically control again, the suitability is strong。
Accompanying drawing explanation
The present invention is further illustrated in conjunction with the embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings。
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the solar energy house plane system of the present invention。
The method that Fig. 2 is the present invention performs flow chart。
Detailed description of the invention
Refer to shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the embodiment of solar energy house plane system of the present invention is described in detail, for the solar energy house plane system of the multifunctional all of certain villa, this solar energy house plane system include device of solar generating 100, circuit controller 4, cold and hot brake unit 200, summer electric supply installation 300, winter electric supply installation the 400, first temperature probe the 18, second temperature probe 19, temperature sensor 20, temperature voltage controller 21, voltage sensor the 22, first chopper the 23, second chopper the 24, the 3rd chopper the 25, the 4th chopper 26;Described device of solar generating 100 includes photovoltaic module 1, controller for solar 2, solar DC storage power 3, described cold and hot brake unit 200 includes first P-type semiconductor the 5, first N-type semiconductor the 6, first metal guide hot plate the 11, second metal guide hot plate the 12, the 3rd metal guide hot plate 13, is used at cooling in summer and heats in the winter time;Described summer, electric supply installation 300 included second P-type semiconductor the 7, second N-type semiconductor the 8, the 4th metal guide hot plate 14, fifth metal heat-conducting plate 15, for powering in summer;Described winter, electric supply installation 400 included the 3rd P-type semiconductor the 9, the 3rd N-type semiconductor the 10, the 6th metal guide hot plate the 16, the 7th metal guide hot plate 17, for heat supply in the winter time;Described first P-type semiconductor 5, described first N-type semiconductor 6, described second P-type semiconductor 7, described second N-type semiconductor 8, described 3rd P-type semiconductor 9, described 3rd N-type semiconductor 10 are all distributed in the interior outside of roofing;
Described controller for solar 2 is connected with described photovoltaic module 1, described solar DC storage power 3 respectively;One end of the first P-type semiconductor 5 in described cold and hot brake unit 200 is connected with the second metal guide hot plate 12 inside roofing, and its other end is connected with the first metal guide hot plate 11 outside roofing;One end of the first N-type semiconductor 6 in described cold and hot brake unit 200 is connected with the 3rd metal guide hot plate 13 inside roofing, and its other end is connected with the first metal guide hot plate 11 outside roofing;Described circuit controller 4 respectively with described second metal guide hot plate 12, described 3rd metal guide hot plate 13, the positive pole of described solar DC storage power 3, described solar DC storage power 3 negative pole be connected;One end of the second P-type semiconductor 7 in described summer electric supply installation 300 is connected with the 4th metal guide hot plate 14 inside roofing, one end of second N-type semiconductor 8 is connected with the fifth metal heat-conducting plate 15 inside roofing, and the other end of second P-type semiconductor the 7, second N-type semiconductor 8 in described summer electric supply installation 300 directly docks;Described 4th metal guide hot plate 14 is connected with the positive pole of described solar DC storage power 3 by the first chopper 23, and described fifth metal heat-conducting plate 15 is connected with the negative pole of described solar DC storage power 3 by the second chopper 24;One end of the 3rd P-type semiconductor 9 in described winter electric supply installation 400 is connected with the 6th metal guide hot plate 16 outside roofing, one end of 3rd N-type semiconductor 10 is connected with the 7th metal guide hot plate 17 outside roofing, and the other end of the 3rd P-type semiconductor the 9, the 3rd N-type semiconductor 10 in described winter electric supply installation 400 directly docks;Described 6th metal guide hot plate 16 is connected with the positive pole of described solar DC storage power 3 by the 3rd chopper 25, and described 7th metal guide hot plate 17 is connected with the negative pole of described solar DC storage power 3 by the 4th chopper 26;Described temperature voltage controller 21 is connected with described temperature sensor 20, described voltage sensor 22 respectively;First temperature probe the 18, second temperature probe 19 is respectively arranged at the interior outside of roofing and is connected to described temperature sensor 20;Wherein, described first chopper 23, described second chopper 24 are linkage, and described 3rd chopper 25, described 4th chopper 26 are linkage;The mode of described linkage drives each through described solar DC storage power 3。
In a preferred embodiment, the area of photovoltaic module 1 is 15 square metres, and the generated energy of device of solar generating 100 is 3Kw, voltage is 24 volts, semi-conducting material is using silicon doped with boron ion as P-type semiconductor material, and using silicon Doping Phosphorus ion as N-type semiconductor material, corrosion resistant plate is metal guide hot plate。
The control method of the solar roof of a kind of multifunctional all of the present invention is based on what the solar energy house plane system of the invention described above realized, and described method specifically includes following steps:
Step 1, the temperature T set in rooms of buildingsinRange for T1~T2, temperature outside rooms of buildings be Tout, solar DC storage power 3 minimal protection voltage be V0
Step 2, device of solar generating 100 provide DC source, and the voltage V of voltage sensor 22 continuous detecting solar DC storage power 3, when V is more than or equal to V0Time, voltage sensor 22 gives temperature voltage controller 21 1 signal instruction, temperature voltage controller 21 disconnects first chopper the 23, second chopper the 24, the 3rd chopper the 25, the 4th chopper 26, and temperature sensor 20 carrys out the temperature T inside and outside continuous detecting rooms of buildings by first temperature probe the 18, second temperature probe 19inAnd ToutIf, TinEqual to Tout, then this solar energy house plane system does not work, if TinMore than or less than Tout, it specifically has:
Step 21, work as TinMore than T2Time, temperature voltage controller 21 1 signal instruction is given in temperature sensor 20, temperature voltage controller 21 open circuit controller 4, the positive pole making solar DC storage power 3 connects the first N-type semiconductor 6 and the 3rd metal guide hot plate 13 in cold and hot brake unit 200, negative pole connects the first P-type semiconductor 5 and the second metal guide hot plate 12 in cold and hot brake unit 200, under the effect of electric field, utilize the difference of building internal-external temperature difference, make the first P-type semiconductor 5 of side within doors in cold and hot brake unit 200, first N-type semiconductor 6 respectively with the second metal guide hot plate 12, node temperature between 3rd metal guide hot plate 13 lowers, under the free convection effect with radiation, indoor temperature is reduced;
Step 22, work as TinLess than T1Time, temperature voltage controller 21 1 signal instruction is given in temperature sensor 20, temperature voltage controller 21 open circuit controller 4, the positive pole making solar DC storage power 3 connects the first P-type semiconductor 5 and the second metal guide hot plate 12 in cold and hot brake unit 200, negative pole connects the first N-type semiconductor 6 and the 3rd metal guide hot plate 13 in cold and hot brake unit 200, under the effect of electric field, utilize the difference of building internal-external temperature difference, make the first P-type semiconductor 5 of side within doors in cold and hot brake unit 200, first N-type semiconductor 6 respectively with the second metal guide hot plate 12, between 3rd metal guide hot plate 13, node temperature is gone up, under the free convection effect with radiation, indoor temperature is raised;
Step 23, work as TinAt T1~T2Between time, temperature voltage controller 21 1 signal instruction is given in temperature sensor 20, temperature voltage controller 21 open circuit controller 4, the positive pole of solar DC storage power 3, negative pole are simultaneously switched off and the connection of the second metal guide hot plate the 12, the 3rd metal guide hot plate 13 in cold and hot brake unit 200, and namely this cold and hot brake unit 200 does not work;
Step 3, voltage sensor 22 continuous detecting solar DC storage power 3 voltage V, when V is less than V0Time, temperature sensor 20 carrys out the temperature T inside and outside continuous detecting rooms of buildings by first temperature probe the 18, second temperature probe 19inAnd ToutIf, TinEqual to Tout, then this solar energy house plane system does not work, if TinMore than or less than Tout, it specifically has:
Step 31, work as TinLess than ToutTime, voltage sensor 22 gives temperature voltage controller 21 1 signal instruction, the first chopper 23 and the second chopper 24 being connected with electric supply installation 300 in summer connected by temperature voltage controller 21, disconnect the 3rd chopper 25 and the 4th chopper 26 being connected with electric supply installation 400 in winter, make the second P-type semiconductor 7 and the 4th metal guide hot plate 14 in the positive pole connection electric supply installation in summer 300 of solar DC storage power 3, negative pole connects the second N-type semiconductor 8 in electric supply installation 300 in summer and fifth metal heat-conducting plate 15, utilize the difference of building internal-external temperature difference, summer electric supply installation 300 is charged for solar DC storage power 3;
Step 32, work as TinMore than ToutTime, voltage sensor 22 gives temperature voltage controller 21 1 signal instruction, the 3rd chopper 25 and the 4th chopper 26 being connected with electric supply installation 400 in winter connected by temperature voltage controller 21, disconnect the first chopper 23 and the second chopper 24 being connected with electric supply installation 300 in summer, make the 3rd P-type semiconductor 9 and the 6th metal guide hot plate 16 in the positive pole connection electric supply installation in winter 400 of solar DC storage power 3, the 3rd N-type semiconductor 10 and the 7th metal guide hot plate 17 in negative pole connection electric supply installation in winter 400, utilize the difference of building internal-external temperature difference, winter electric supply installation 400 is charged for solar DC storage power 3。
Wherein, described first chopper 23, described second chopper 24 are linkage, and described 3rd chopper 25, described 4th chopper 26 are linkage;The mode of described linkage drives each through described solar DC storage power 3。
Although the foregoing describing the specific embodiment of the present invention; but those familiar with the art is to be understood that; we are merely exemplary described specific embodiment; rather than for the restriction to the scope of the present invention; those of ordinary skill in the art, in the equivalent modification made according to the spirit of the present invention and change, should be encompassed in the scope of the claimed protection of the present invention。

Claims (4)

1. the solar energy house plane system of a multifunctional all, it is characterised in that: described solar energy house plane system include device of solar generating, circuit controller, cold and hot brake unit, summer electric supply installation, winter electric supply installation, the first temperature probe, the second temperature probe, temperature sensor, temperature voltage controller, voltage sensor, the first chopper, the second chopper, the 3rd chopper, the 4th chopper;Described device of solar generating includes photovoltaic module, controller for solar, solar DC storage power, described cold and hot brake unit includes the first P-type semiconductor, first N-type semiconductor, first metal guide hot plate, second metal guide hot plate, 3rd metal guide hot plate, described summer, electric supply installation included the second P-type semiconductor, second N-type semiconductor, 4th metal guide hot plate, fifth metal heat-conducting plate, described winter, electric supply installation included the 3rd P-type semiconductor, 3rd N-type semiconductor, 6th metal guide hot plate, 7th metal guide hot plate, described first P-type semiconductor, described first N-type semiconductor, described second P-type semiconductor, described second N-type semiconductor, described 3rd P-type semiconductor, described 3rd N-type semiconductor is all distributed in the interior outside of roofing;
Described controller for solar is connected with described photovoltaic module, described solar DC storage power respectively;One end of the first P-type semiconductor in described cold and hot brake unit is connected with the second metal guide hot plate inside roofing, and its other end is connected with the first metal guide hot plate outside roofing;One end of the first N-type semiconductor in described cold and hot brake unit is connected with the 3rd metal guide hot plate inside roofing, and its other end is connected with the first metal guide hot plate outside roofing;Described circuit controller respectively with described second metal guide hot plate, described 3rd metal guide hot plate, the positive pole of described solar DC storage power, described solar DC storage power negative pole be connected;One end of the second P-type semiconductor in described summer electric supply installation is connected with the 4th metal guide hot plate inside roofing, one end of second N-type semiconductor is connected with the fifth metal heat-conducting plate inside roofing, and the second P-type semiconductor in described summer electric supply installation, the other end of the second N-type semiconductor directly dock;Described 4th metal guide hot plate is connected with the positive pole of described solar DC storage power by the first chopper, and described fifth metal heat-conducting plate is connected with the negative pole of described solar DC storage power by the second chopper;One end of the 3rd P-type semiconductor in described winter electric supply installation is connected with the 6th metal guide hot plate outside roofing, one end of 3rd N-type semiconductor is connected with the 7th metal guide hot plate outside roofing, and the 3rd P-type semiconductor in described winter electric supply installation, the other end of the 3rd N-type semiconductor directly dock;Described 6th metal guide hot plate is connected with the positive pole of described solar DC storage power by the 3rd chopper, and described 7th metal guide hot plate is connected with the negative pole of described solar DC storage power by the 4th chopper;Described temperature voltage controller is connected with described temperature sensor, described voltage sensor respectively;First temperature probe, the second temperature probe are respectively arranged at the interior outside of roofing and are connected to described temperature sensor。
2. the solar energy house plane system of a kind of multifunctional all according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described first chopper, described second chopper are linkage, and described 3rd chopper, described 4th chopper are linkage;The mode of described linkage drives each through described solar DC storage power。
3. the control method of the solar roof of a multifunctional all, it is characterised in that: described method needs to provide solar energy house plane system as claimed in claim 1, and described method specifically includes following steps:
Step 1, the temperature T set in rooms of buildingsinRange for T1~T2, temperature outside rooms of buildings be Tout, solar DC storage power minimal protection voltage be V0
Step 2, device of solar generating provide DC source, and the voltage V of voltage sensor continuous detecting solar DC storage power, when V is more than or equal to V0Time, voltage sensor is to temperature voltage controller one signal instruction, temperature voltage controller disconnects the first chopper, the second chopper, the 3rd chopper, the 4th chopper, and temperature sensor carrys out the temperature T inside and outside continuous detecting rooms of buildings by the first temperature probe, the second temperature probeinAnd ToutIf, TinEqual to Tout, then this solar energy house plane system does not work, if TinMore than or less than Tout, it specifically has:
Step 21, work as TinMore than T2Time, temperature sensor is to temperature voltage controller one signal instruction, temperature voltage controller open circuit controller, the positive pole making solar DC storage power connects the first N-type semiconductor in cold and hot brake unit and the 3rd metal guide hot plate, negative pole connects the first P-type semiconductor in cold and hot brake unit and the second metal guide hot plate, under the effect of electric field, utilize the difference of building internal-external temperature difference, make the first P-type semiconductor of side within doors in cold and hot brake unit, first N-type semiconductor respectively with the second metal guide hot plate, node temperature between 3rd metal guide hot plate lowers, under the free convection effect with radiation, indoor temperature is reduced;
Step 22, work as TinLess than T1Time, temperature sensor is to temperature voltage controller one signal instruction, temperature voltage controller open circuit controller, the positive pole making solar DC storage power connects the first P-type semiconductor in cold and hot brake unit and the second metal guide hot plate, negative pole connects the first N-type semiconductor in cold and hot brake unit and the 3rd metal guide hot plate, under the effect of electric field, utilize the difference of building internal-external temperature difference, make the first P-type semiconductor of side within doors in cold and hot brake unit, first N-type semiconductor respectively with the second metal guide hot plate, between 3rd metal guide hot plate, node temperature is gone up, under the free convection effect with radiation, indoor temperature is raised;
Step 23, work as TinAt T1~T2Between time, temperature sensor is to temperature voltage controller one signal instruction, temperature voltage controller open circuit controller, the positive pole of solar DC storage power, negative pole are simultaneously switched off and the connection of the second metal guide hot plate in cold and hot brake unit, the 3rd metal guide hot plate, and namely this cold and hot brake unit does not work;
Step 3, voltage sensor continuous detecting solar DC storage power voltage V, when V is less than V0Time, temperature sensor carrys out the temperature T inside and outside continuous detecting rooms of buildings by the first temperature probe, the second temperature probeinAnd ToutIf, TinEqual to Tout, then this solar energy house plane system does not work, if TinMore than or less than Tout, it specifically has:
Step 31, work as TinLess than ToutTime, voltage sensor is to temperature voltage controller one signal instruction, temperature voltage controller is connected and the first chopper that summer, electric supply installation was connected and the second chopper, disconnect and the 3rd chopper that winter, electric supply installation was connected and the 4th chopper, the positive pole making solar DC storage power connects the second P-type semiconductor in electric supply installation in summer and the 4th metal guide hot plate, negative pole connects the second N-type semiconductor in electric supply installation in summer and fifth metal heat-conducting plate, utilize the difference of building internal-external temperature difference, make summer electric supply installation be solar DC storage power charging;
Step 32, work as TinMore than ToutTime, voltage sensor is to temperature voltage controller one signal instruction, temperature voltage controller is connected and the 3rd chopper that winter, electric supply installation was connected and the 4th chopper, disconnect and the first chopper that summer, electric supply installation was connected and the second chopper, the positive pole making solar DC storage power connects the 3rd P-type semiconductor in electric supply installation in winter and the 6th metal guide hot plate, negative pole connects the 3rd N-type semiconductor in electric supply installation in winter and the 7th metal guide hot plate, utilize the difference of building internal-external temperature difference, make winter electric supply installation be solar DC storage power charging。
4. the control method of the solar roof of a kind of multifunctional all according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described first chopper, described second chopper are linkage, and described 3rd chopper, described 4th chopper are linkage;The mode of described linkage drives each through described solar DC storage power 3。
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