CN104369838B - Self-elevating connected submersible buoy measuring system - Google Patents

Self-elevating connected submersible buoy measuring system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104369838B
CN104369838B CN201310359492.9A CN201310359492A CN104369838B CN 104369838 B CN104369838 B CN 104369838B CN 201310359492 A CN201310359492 A CN 201310359492A CN 104369838 B CN104369838 B CN 104369838B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
disjunctor
subsurface buoy
measuring system
jack
framework
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201310359492.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104369838A (en
Inventor
徐如彦
沈宁
倪佐涛
李家刚
黄必桂
雷方辉
周杨锐
朱友生
陈志平
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Institute of Oceanology of CAS
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Institute of Oceanology of CAS
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Priority to CN201310359492.9A priority Critical patent/CN104369838B/en
Publication of CN104369838A publication Critical patent/CN104369838A/en
Application granted granted Critical
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of marine measurement, in particular to a self-elevating connected submersible buoy measuring system. The system comprises a frame, instrument equipment, a buoy component, a cylinder protection device, a balancing weight and a releaser, wherein the cylinder protection device is arranged on the frame; the instrument equipment and the releaser are fixed on the buoy component to form a connected submersible buoy; the connected submersible buoy is arranged in the cylinder protection device, and the releaser is in hooking connection with the frame; the balancing weight is arranged at the bottom of the frame; and the connected submersible buoy automatically upwards floats to the sea surface through unhooking the releaser from the frame so as to obtain marine underwater environment section flow data. The system has the advantages of small size, light weight, low production cost and simple operation, and is suitable for a sea area with the water depth within 1000 m.

Description

Jack up disjunctor subsurface buoy measuring system
Technical field
The invention belongs to Ocean Surveying technical field, specifically a kind of jack up disjunctor subsurface buoy measuring system.
Background technology
Subsurface buoy e measurement technology is that recent decades are begun to use and grown up by some ocean developed countries.Long-term with Come, Chinese scholars, improve for marine environment investigation technical method aspect and be never interrupted with exploring, especially measure in buoy Technical elements have continuous development with improve, with observation instrument equipment performance, volume, floating body material update so that Ocean environment observation technological means have large increase.Submerged buoy system is one of most important technological means of marine environment measurement, Under severe marine environmental conditions, need not manually on duty carry out long-term, continuous, synchronous, automatically oceanographic hydrological element is entered Row measurement, is remote from the visual plant of coast survey.There is the effect that other investigation methods cannot replace.Its importance is increasingly Paid attention to by each maritime state of the world.
Up to the present, make a general survey of countries in the world decades ocean subsurface buoy measuring method and technology to develop, pass by one very unrestrained Long process, but technical breakthrough difficulty is very big.At present no matter external import or various types of buoys of domestic production System, great majority for being only equipped with measuring instrument, and release be mostly with separately through steel cable or other rope and buoy, Anchored heavy block is connected, and forms various forms of measuring systems, and structure is all more complicated, complex operation.
Content of the invention
For the problems referred to above, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of jack up disjunctor subsurface buoy measuring system.This jack up Disjunctor subsurface buoy measuring system small volume, lightweight, low cost, easy and simple to handle it is adaptable to sea area within depth of water 1000m.
To achieve these goals, the present invention employs the following technical solutions:
A kind of jack up disjunctor subsurface buoy measuring system, including framework, instrument and equipment, buoyancy aid assembly, cylinder protection device, joins Pouring weight and release, its middle cylinder body protection device is arranged on framework, and described instrument and equipment and release are fixedly arranged on buoyancy aid assembly On, form disjunctor subsurface buoy, described disjunctor subsurface buoy is arranged in cylinder protection device and described release is connected with framework hook Connect, described balancing weight is arranged at the bottom of framework;Broken off relations with framework by release, so that described disjunctor subsurface buoy is automatically risen and float to sea Face, obtains ocean underwater environment section stream information.
Described balancing weight is polylith the bottom surrounding being distributed in framework.Described framework is steel construction that profile is arc Framework.Described buoyancy aid assembly is provided with multiple preformed holes, and described instrument and equipment and release are respectively contained in each preformed hole.Institute State buoyancy aid assembly and include multiple buoyancy aids, each buoyancy aid is superimposed up and down successively and is bolted.Described instrument and equipment is Doppler Section current meter.
The upper end port of described cylinder protection device is open type, and lower end port is semi-enclosed.Described cylinder protection dress The material put adopts rustless steel or plastics, is shaped as cylinder or square body.Described buoyancy aid assembly adopts glass microballoon buoyancy material Material.
Advantages of the present invention and beneficial effect are:
1. the present invention is broken off relations by release device, can voluntarily rise disjunctor subsurface buoy and float to sea after unhook, obtains reliable Underwater section stream data, and it is destroyed to have the advantages that good concealment is difficult.
2. the present invention is innovated to traditional subsurface buoy measuring system and has been transformed, for ocean profile ocean current, tidal level, bottom Water temperature, salimity measurement etc. have and its important meaning and far-reaching influence.
3. the present invention has successfully synthesized the minimum subsurface buoy of unit volume instrument and equipment, release and floating body material and has surveyed Amount platform.
4. small volume of the present invention, lightweight, low cost, easy and simple to handle it is adaptable to sea area within depth of water 1000m.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the side view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the top view of Fig. 1.
Wherein:1 is frame structure, and 2 is instrument and equipment, and 3 is buoyancy aid assembly, and 4 is cylinder protection device, and 5 is release, 6 For balancing weight, 7 is water temperature instrument, and 8 is water-level gauge.
Specific embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As Figure 1-3, the present invention includes framework 1, instrument and equipment 2, buoyancy aid assembly 3, cylinder protection device 4, balancing weight 6 And release 5, wherein balancing weight 6 is polylith the bottom surrounding being distributed in framework 1.Cylinder protection device 4 is arranged at framework 1 On, described buoyancy aid assembly 3 is provided with multiple preformed holes, and described instrument and equipment 2 and release 5 are fixedly installed in each preformed hole respectively In, form disjunctor subsurface buoy, described disjunctor subsurface buoy is arranged in cylinder protection device 4 and described release 5 and framework 1 hook Connect.Broken off relations with framework 1 by release 5, so that described disjunctor subsurface buoy is automatically risen and float to sea, obtain ocean underwater environment section Stream information.
Described buoyancy aid assembly 3 includes multiple buoyancy aids, and each buoyancy aid is superimposed up and down successively and is bolted.Described buoyancy aid Assembly 3 adopts glass microballoon buoyant material.Described instrument and equipment 2 is Doppler profile current meter.The present invention is all of instrument Device equipment 2 and release 5 synthesize in the same parallel surface of buoyancy aid, constitute a kind of minimum disjunctor subsurface buoy measurement of volume at present Unit.
Disjunctor subsurface buoy is to be formed with instrument and equipment 2 integrated combination by glass microballoon buoyant material, that is, according to instrument and equipment 2 Size, weight, Form Factor, each buoyancy aid be prefabricated into every piece of buoyancy aid buoyancy be again 20kg, 30kg or 40kg...... not etc. Cylinder or square column body.Depending on the buoyancy that during use, the weight of visual equipment equipment 2 needs, can use several pieces of buoyancy aid bolt groups Unification body.
Cylinder protection device 4 is by the cylinder of corrosion resistant plate or plastic production, square body.Upper end port is open type , for preventing disjunctor subsurface buoy from sinking to globigerina, lower end port is depending on geological conditions structure, mostly semienclosed.According to One rustless steel cylinder being more than buoyancy aid subsurface buoy external diameter of jack up disjunctor subsurface buoy external diameter size pre-made or square cylinder, to ensure Instrument and equipment normal operating conditions and smooth release emerge.
Using cylinder protection device 4, the disjunctor buoy in steel structure frame can be made smoothly to rise floating.The sea because of sea area can be avoided The ooze of bed geology leads to buoyancy aid to enter ooze and can not smoothly rise floating.Avoid by structural framing inwall resistance and release suspension hook Hang over above steel construction.Prevent from being affected by external force factors such as underflow, typhoon stream, interior wave currents.
Framework 1 adopts steel structure frame, various types of material can be selected as needed to make.This subsurface buoy is tested It is welded from stainless steel material, the profile of steel structure frame must be arc.Frame interior space equally will be according to dress Depending on the instrument and equipment size of load, size, volume, the buoyancy aid assembly 3 of combination is arranged on inside framework 1 and can accommodate a whole set of disjunctor In the steel construction of measuring instrument device systems.Except for the difference that the peripheral side of steel construction bottom or bottom, adds individual as needed Balancing weight 6, balancing weight 6 adopts the bar shaped pouring weight of prefabricated cement stick or other materials prefabricated in advance, is fixed on frame The bottom of frame 1 or bottom periphery.Weight also can optionally counterweight.
The experiment with measuring steel structure frame that this is carried out, upper diameter is 70cm, highly for 65cm (because release height is 65cm), base diameter is 130cm.Counterweight about 100,200,300kg.......Instrument and equipment 2 adopts U.S. 150KADCP (Doppler profile current meter).
Same steel structure frame of the present invention also can carry the ADCP instrument that the U.S. produces 75K.Only need to add one piece pre- ready-made Float member chunk and counterweight.Compare 150KADCP and exceed 30cm, equally may be at the span of control of protection device 4 Interior.
Embodiment
This experiment with measuring is carried out at depth of water 410m of the South Sea, and the instrument and equipment of employing is multispectral by U.S. product ADCP150K Strangle section current meter.Release uses 866A type acoustic releaser.Therefore according to the above instrument adopting, this disjunctor buoy Overall height be 45cm, the height of release is 65cm, and the height at the steel structure frame bottom off sea of anchoring system only has 65cm.
Jack up disjunctor subsurface buoy is thrown in
Experiment with measuring is carried out with offshore oil 709 ship and the South Sea 503 ship respectively twice.Employ ship and hang free fall type Thrown in.First outside whole disjunctor subsurface buoy measuring system hanging ship side, disjunctor subsurface buoy freely falling body is then allowed to sink to seabed. Subsurface buoy is equipped with release, the U.S. produces 150kADCP, Japan produces ELC single-point current meter, water-level gauge, water temperature instrument etc..Also can plus join Other measuring instruments.
Jack up disjunctor subsurface buoy reclaims
This experiment with measuring has been carried out half a year, has successfully carried out 2 recovery, and obtained the actual measurement of nearly 3 months cuing open Face current information.When advection reclaims, jack up subsurface buoy rises the time of floating for 10 minutes about, translation distance 100m about.Rise, ebb tide Shi Huishou subsurface buoy rises the floating time and is about 15 minutes, and translation distance is 200m.
The maximum feature of jack up disjunctor subsurface buoy of the present invention be various instrument and equipments and release are carried be combined into same In the buoy of parallel surface.Its floating body material and only 45 centimeters of the incorporated height of instrument.The Integrated design of this form latent Mark measuring table, is the domestic and international minimum subsurface buoy measuring table of integrated level highest, volume at present.Greatly reduce instrument and equipment, Rope and the connecting link of anchor chain that buoy, pouring weight etc. are commonly used.Employ seat bottom type cylinder protection device so as to disjunctor subsurface buoy exists Smoothly rise floating in framework, it is entirely avoided measuring system is acted on by external force various in ocean, prevents buoyancy aid because of globigerina condition And be absorbed under sea bed, ring the problem of measurement quality.Can section ocean current in effectively measuring depth of water 1000m and seabed water level, water The ocean environment parameters such as Inversion phenomenon.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of jack up disjunctor subsurface buoy measuring system it is characterised in that:Including framework (1), instrument and equipment (2), buoyancy aid assembly (3), cylinder protection device (4), balancing weight (6) and release (5), its middle cylinder body protection device (4) is arranged on framework (1), Described instrument and equipment (2) and release (5) are fixedly arranged on buoyancy aid assembly (3), form disjunctor subsurface buoy, and described disjunctor subsurface buoy is arranged at In cylinder protection device (4) and described release (5) is connected with framework (1) hook, described balancing weight (6) is arranged at framework (1) bottom;Broken off relations with framework (1) by release (5), so that described disjunctor subsurface buoy is automatically risen and float to sea, obtain ocean water Lower environment section stream information.
2. the jack up disjunctor subsurface buoy measuring system as described in claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described balancing weight (6) be polylith, And it is distributed in the bottom surrounding of framework (1).
3. the jack up disjunctor subsurface buoy measuring system as described in claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described framework (1) for profile is The steel structure frame of arc.
4. the jack up disjunctor subsurface buoy measuring system as described in claim 1 it is characterised in that:Set on described buoyancy aid assembly (3) There are multiple preformed holes, described instrument and equipment (2) and release (5) are respectively contained in each preformed hole.
5. the jack up disjunctor subsurface buoy measuring system as described in claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described buoyancy aid assembly (3) includes Multiple buoyancy aids, each buoyancy aid is superimposed up and down successively and is bolted.
6. the jack up disjunctor subsurface buoy measuring system as described in claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described instrument and equipment (2) is many General Le section current meter.
7. the jack up disjunctor subsurface buoy measuring system as described in claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described cylinder protection device (4) Upper end port be open type, lower end port be semi-enclosed.
8. the jack up disjunctor subsurface buoy measuring system as described in claim 1 or 7 it is characterised in that:Described cylinder protection device (4) material adopts rustless steel or plastics, is shaped as cylinder or square body.
9. the jack up disjunctor subsurface buoy measuring system as described in claim 1,5 or 6 it is characterised in that:Described buoyancy aid assembly (3) Using glass microballoon buoyant material.
CN201310359492.9A 2013-08-16 2013-08-16 Self-elevating connected submersible buoy measuring system Expired - Fee Related CN104369838B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108928449A (en) * 2018-05-04 2018-12-04 山东省科学院海洋仪器仪表研究所 A kind of recyclable device and its recovery method of seabed linear array
CN110531684B (en) * 2019-09-24 2020-11-03 苏州南师大科技园投资管理有限公司 Remote hydrological monitoring system
CN111595371A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-08-28 中国海洋大学 Automatic separation type seabed base suitable for soft and inclined seabed and laying method thereof

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US3860983A (en) * 1969-10-31 1975-01-21 Cameron Iron Works Inc Controllably submersible buoy
CN2711755Y (en) * 2004-08-06 2005-07-20 中国科学院海洋研究所 Integrated deep sea ocean current section and ocean wave comprehensive monitor
CN101108649A (en) * 2007-08-08 2008-01-23 中国科学院海洋研究所 Embarkation equipment of ocean essential sensor
CN102030081A (en) * 2009-09-30 2011-04-27 中国船舶重工集团公司第七一○研究所 Data transmission buoy released in deep ocean
CN102079363A (en) * 2009-11-27 2011-06-01 中国科学院海洋研究所 Anchoring ocean observation and research buoy laying system and method based on small-sized ship
CN102785763A (en) * 2011-05-20 2012-11-21 中国科学院海洋研究所 ADCP (Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler) installation system applied to floating platform
CN203427999U (en) * 2013-08-16 2014-02-12 中国科学院海洋研究所 Self-lifting type connected submerged buoy measuring system

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JPH11129981A (en) * 1997-10-30 1999-05-18 Oki Electric Ind Co Ltd Buoy construction for observation

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3860983A (en) * 1969-10-31 1975-01-21 Cameron Iron Works Inc Controllably submersible buoy
CN2711755Y (en) * 2004-08-06 2005-07-20 中国科学院海洋研究所 Integrated deep sea ocean current section and ocean wave comprehensive monitor
CN101108649A (en) * 2007-08-08 2008-01-23 中国科学院海洋研究所 Embarkation equipment of ocean essential sensor
CN102030081A (en) * 2009-09-30 2011-04-27 中国船舶重工集团公司第七一○研究所 Data transmission buoy released in deep ocean
CN102079363A (en) * 2009-11-27 2011-06-01 中国科学院海洋研究所 Anchoring ocean observation and research buoy laying system and method based on small-sized ship
CN102785763A (en) * 2011-05-20 2012-11-21 中国科学院海洋研究所 ADCP (Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler) installation system applied to floating platform
CN203427999U (en) * 2013-08-16 2014-02-12 中国科学院海洋研究所 Self-lifting type connected submerged buoy measuring system

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