CN104368712B - Veneer reeling machine reducing and expansion mouth processing unit (plant) - Google Patents

Veneer reeling machine reducing and expansion mouth processing unit (plant) Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104368712B
CN104368712B CN201410723402.4A CN201410723402A CN104368712B CN 104368712 B CN104368712 B CN 104368712B CN 201410723402 A CN201410723402 A CN 201410723402A CN 104368712 B CN104368712 B CN 104368712B
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Prior art keywords
axial compression
pressure roller
cover
compression cover
shaft gland
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CN201410723402.4A
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CN104368712A (en
Inventor
刘元成
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Shandong Shuanglun Co Ltd
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Shandong Shuanglun Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410723402.4A priority Critical patent/CN104368712B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D41/00Application of procedures in order to alter the diameter of tube ends
    • B21D41/02Enlarging
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D41/00Application of procedures in order to alter the diameter of tube ends
    • B21D41/04Reducing; Closing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D5/00Bending sheet metal along straight lines, e.g. to form simple curves
    • B21D5/06Bending sheet metal along straight lines, e.g. to form simple curves by drawing procedure making use of dies or forming-rollers, e.g. making profiles
    • B21D5/08Bending sheet metal along straight lines, e.g. to form simple curves by drawing procedure making use of dies or forming-rollers, e.g. making profiles making use of forming-rollers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of veneer reeling machine reducing and expansion mouth processing unit (plant), comprise pressure roller on, two lower compression rollers, it is characterized in that described lower compression roller is fixed with lower shaft gland, described upper pressure roller is fixed with axial compression cover, described upper axial compression cover is corresponding with lower shaft gland, being enclosed within the process of pressing down to make the upper axial compression on upper pressure roller to be enclosed within after the cylindrical shell on upper pressure roller extrudes mutually with the lower shaft gland on the lower compression roller of rotation, shrink cylindrical shell needing the position of reducing or enlarging gradually or expansion in extrusion process, the present invention is owing to adopting said structure, there is novel structure, technique is simple, a tractor serves several purposes, the scope of application is wide, operating efficiency is high, equipment purchasing cost is low, easy to process, the advantage such as quick for installation.

Description

Veneer reeling machine reducing and expansion mouth processing unit (plant)
Technical field
The present invention relates to Machining Technology field, specifically a kind of veneer reeling machine reducing and expansion mouth processing unit (plant).
Background technology
Three rolls plate bending machine is divided into mechanical type and fluid pressure type, and mechanical type three rolls plate bending machine is divided into again symmetric form and asymmetric.Wherein mechanical type three roller symmetric plate bending machine architectural feature is this machine structure is three roller symmetrical expressions, top roll is located at two levels and above parallel lower roll central symmetry position, described top roll two ends are fixedly connected with frame through lowering or hoisting gear respectively, vertical displacement movement is made under driving to make the transmission of top roll screw mandrel screw worm screw in lowering or hoisting gear, two lower roll two ends are fixedly connected with frame through whirligig respectively, rotate under being beneficial to the driving of gear that two lower rolls are meshed in the rotating device and reductor, power is provided for rolling sheet material, simultaneously, also by or horizontally moving device adjust the centre-to-centre spacing of two lower rolls, reach the demand adapting to different cylinder or the making of cone cylinder, during work, by plastic metal plate smooth for specification by between three rollers of veneer reeling machine, pressing down and the rotary motion of lower roll by top roll, make metallic plate through multi-pass continuous bend, produce permanent plastic deformation, roll into required cylinder, cone cylinder etc., its deficiency is: because the top roll in the three rolls plate bending machine that uses at present adopts the tapered structure of cylindrical structural or two ends mostly, the rotary pressing processing to cylinder or cone cylinder can only be used for, and reducing or expanding can not be carried out to cylindrical shell as required, add man-hour when needs carry out reducing to barrel end, need carry out on cylindrical shell reducing process equipment, when barrel end carries out expanding, also need to place it on cylindrical shell expanding equipment and carry out, cause that a machine function is few, the scope of application is narrow, inefficiency, equipment purchasing cost is high.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to solve above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, the veneer reeling machine reducing and expansion mouth processing unit (plant) that a kind of novel structure, technique are simple, a tractor serves several purposes, the scope of application are wide, operating efficiency is high, equipment purchasing cost is low, easy to process, quick for installation is provided.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of veneer reeling machine reducing and expansion mouth processing unit (plant), comprise pressure roller on, two lower compression rollers, it is characterized in that described lower compression roller is fixed with lower shaft gland, described upper pressure roller is fixed with axial compression cover, described upper axial compression cover is corresponding with lower shaft gland, being enclosed within the process of pressing down to make the upper axial compression on upper pressure roller to be enclosed within after the cylindrical shell on upper pressure roller extrudes mutually with the lower shaft gland on the lower compression roller of rotation, shrink cylindrical shell needing the position of reducing or enlarging gradually or expansion in extrusion process, reach a tractor serves several purposes, the scope of application is wide, operating efficiency is high, the effect that equipment purchasing cost is low.
Lower shaft gland of the present invention coaxially fixes serial connection successively by the path lower shaft gland of at least two various outer diameters and large footpath lower shaft gland to form, to be that on the path by least two various outer diameters, on axial compression cover and large footpath, axial compression cover is coaxial fix serial connection and form described upper axial compression cover successively, described path lower shaft gland overlaps corresponding with axial compression on described large footpath, described large footpath lower shaft gland overlaps corresponding with axial compression on described path, to make described cylindrical shell at path lower shaft gland, axial compression cover on large footpath lower shaft gland and large footpath, required reducing or enlarging is formed gradually under the opposing compression effect that on path, axial compression is overlapped.
Lower shaft gland of the present invention is fixedly formed through fastening bolt by two lower shaft gland hemizonids, and described upper axial compression cover overlaps hemizonid by two upper axial compressions fixedly to form through fastening bolt, is beneficial to reach easy for installation, act on efficiently.
The present invention can be respectively equipped with holding screw at described lower shaft gland and upper axial compression cover sidewall, described lower shaft gland is fixed on described lower compression roller through holding screw, described upper axial compression cover is fixed on described upper pressure roller through holding screw, be beneficial to lower shaft gland lower compression roller, on axial compression be enclosed within the axially arbitrarily running fix of pressure roller, reach the effect adapting to different barrel lenght and barrel diameter.
The present invention, owing to adopting said structure, has the advantages such as novel structure, technique is simple, a tractor serves several purposes, the scope of application are wide, operating efficiency is high, equipment purchasing cost is low, easy to process, quick for installation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of reducing process embodiment in the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of expanding embodiment in the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the left view of Fig. 1.
Reference numeral: upper pressure roller 1, lower compression roller 2,3, lower shaft gland 4, upper axial compression cover 5, path lower shaft gland 6, large footpath lower shaft gland 7, axial compression cover 9, fastening bolt 10, holding screw 11 on axial compression cover 8, large footpath on path.
Detailed description of the invention:
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further described:
As shown in drawings, a kind of veneer reeling machine reducing and expansion mouth processing unit (plant), comprise pressure roller 1 on, two lower compression rollers 2, 3, described upper pressure roller 1 and lower compression roller 2, structure and the position relationship of 3 are same as the prior art, this does not repeat, it is characterized in that described lower compression roller 1 is fixed with lower shaft gland 4, described upper pressure roller 1 is fixed with axial compression cover 5, described upper axial compression cover 5 is corresponding with lower shaft gland 4, the lower compression roller 2 by the cylindrical shell that is enclosed within pressure roller and rotation in process is being pressed down to make the cover of the upper axial compression on upper pressure roller 15, after lower shaft gland 4 phase extruding on 3, cylindrical shell need the position of reducing or enlarging shrink gradually or expansion in extrusion process, reach a tractor serves several purposes, the scope of application is wide, operating efficiency is high, the effect that equipment purchasing cost is low.
Lower shaft gland 4 of the present invention coaxially fixes serial connection successively by the path lower shaft gland 6 of at least two various outer diameters and large footpath lower shaft gland 7 to form, described upper axial compression cover 5 is that on the path by least two various outer diameters, on axial compression cover 8 and large footpath, axial compression cover 9 is coaxially fixed serial connection successively and formed, described path lower shaft gland 6 and axial compression on described large footpath are overlapped 9 corresponding, described large footpath lower shaft gland 7 and axial compression on described path are overlapped 8 corresponding, to make described cylindrical shell at path lower shaft gland 6, axial compression cover 8 on large footpath lower shaft gland 7 and large footpath, on path, axial compression forms required reducing or enlarging under overlapping the opposing compression effect of 9 gradually.
Lower shaft gland 5 of the present invention is fixedly formed through fastening bolt 10 by two lower shaft gland hemizonids, and described upper axial compression cover overlaps hemizonid by two upper axial compressions fixedly to form through fastening bolt 10, is beneficial to reach easy for installation, act on efficiently.
The present invention can overlap 4 sidewalls at described lower shaft gland 5 and upper axial compression and be respectively equipped with holding screw 11, described lower shaft gland 5 is fixed on described lower compression roller 2,3 through holding screw 11, described upper axial compression cover 4 is fixed on described upper pressure roller 1 through holding screw 11, be beneficial to lower shaft gland 5 lower compression roller 2,3, on axial compression cover 5 in the axially running fix arbitrarily of upper pressure roller 1, reach the effect adapting to different barrel lenght and barrel diameter.
When cylindrical shell collar extension will be made into reducing, first axial compression cover 4 on measuring cylindrical shell two ends reducing spacing and install two on upper pressure roller 1, axial compression cover 8 on path in two upper axial compression covers 4 is placed in axial compression on large footpath respectively and overlaps 9 outer ends, during installation, relatively be buckled on upper pressure roller 1 by two respectively to upper axial compression cover hemizonid, and fixed by fastening bolt 10, axial compression cover 4 on one of them is positioned on upper pressure roller 1 through holding screw 11, move axial compression cover on another, after making two upper axial compression cover spacing equal with two reducing spacing, axial compression cover on another is fixed on upper pressure roller through holding screw, in like manner, two lower shaft glands on lower compression roller are installed, mounting means is the same, when mounted, large footpath lower shaft gland in two lower shaft glands is separately positioned on the outer end of lower compression roller, and overlap relative with axial compression on the path that upper pressure roller is installed, path lower shaft gland overlaps relative with axial compression on large footpath, during making, by barrel jacket on upper pressure roller, start veneer reeling machine control system, upper pressure roller drives cylindrical shell to move down and contacts with two lower compression rollers rotated, when the upper axial compression cover on upper pressure roller extrudes mutually with the lower shaft gland on lower compression roller, namely cylindrical shell collar extension is rolled into reducing gradually by upper axial compression cover and lower shaft gland.
When making cylindrical shell enlarging, first cylindrical shell two ends reducing spacing is measured, axial compression cover on upper pressure roller installs two, axial compression cover on large footpath in two upper axial compression covers is placed in axial compression cover outer end on footpath, footpath respectively, during installation, by two, upper axial compression cover hemizonid is buckled on upper pressure roller respectively relatively, and fixed by fastening bolt, axial compression cover on one of them is positioned on upper pressure roller through holding screw, move axial compression cover on another, after making two upper axial compression cover spacing equal with two reducing spacing, axial compression cover on another is fixed on upper pressure roller through holding screw, in like manner, two lower shaft glands on lower compression roller are installed, mounting means is the same, when mounted, path lower shaft gland in two lower shaft glands is separately positioned on the outer end of lower compression roller, and overlap relative with axial compression on the large footpath that upper pressure roller is installed, large footpath lower shaft gland overlaps relative with axial compression on path, during making, by barrel jacket on upper pressure roller, start veneer reeling machine control system, upper pressure roller drives cylindrical shell to contact with the lower compression roller of rotation, when the upper axial compression cover on upper pressure roller extrudes mutually with the lower shaft gland on lower compression roller, namely cylindrical shell collar extension is rolled into enlarging gradually by upper axial compression cover and lower shaft gland.
The present invention is owing to adopting said structure, have the following advantages: 1, the scope of application is wide: within the scope of certain thickness, the cylindrical shell needs of different length are adapted to by changing upper axial compression cover spacing, when length is constant, barrel diameter can adapt to very on a large scale, when material thickness variation exceedes design gland, replaceable gland dimensional parameters;
2, operating efficiency is high, stress equalization: two ends can be simultaneously shaping, and axial force is cancelled out each other;
3, equipment investment is few, and cost of manufacture is low: under the prerequisite of not correcting veneer reeling machine existing structure, only increases above axial compression cover and lower shaft gland and can complete reducing or expanding function;
4, multiple functional: a set of equipment can complete reducing and enlarging function; The exchange function of reducing and enlarging can be realized by the direction exchanging axial compression cover and lower shaft gland at upper pressure roller and lower compression roller two ends respectively.

Claims (1)

1. a veneer reeling machine reducing and expansion mouth processing unit (plant), comprise pressure roller on, two lower compression rollers, it is characterized in that described lower compression roller is fixed with lower shaft gland, described upper pressure roller is fixed with axial compression cover, described upper axial compression cover is corresponding with lower shaft gland, described lower shaft gland coaxially fixes serial connection successively by the path lower shaft gland of at least two various outer diameters and large footpath lower shaft gland to form, to be that on the path by least two various outer diameters, on axial compression cover and large footpath, axial compression cover is coaxial fix serial connection and form described upper axial compression cover successively, described path lower shaft gland overlaps corresponding with axial compression on described large footpath, described large footpath lower shaft gland overlaps corresponding with axial compression on described path,
Described lower shaft gland is fixedly formed through fastening bolt by two lower shaft gland hemizonids, described upper axial compression cover overlaps hemizonid by two upper axial compressions fixedly to form through fastening bolt, described lower shaft gland and upper axial compression cover sidewall are respectively equipped with holding screw, described lower shaft gland is fixed on described lower compression roller through holding screw, described upper axial compression cover is fixed on described upper pressure roller through holding screw, when cylindrical shell collar extension will be made into reducing, first axial compression cover on measuring cylindrical shell two ends reducing spacing and install two on upper pressure roller, axial compression cover on path in two upper axial compression covers is placed in axial compression cover outer end on large footpath respectively, during installation, by two, upper axial compression cover hemizonid is buckled on upper pressure roller respectively relatively, and fixed by fastening bolt, axial compression cover on one of them is positioned on upper pressure roller through holding screw, move axial compression cover on another, after making two upper axial compression cover spacing equal with two reducing spacing, axial compression cover on another is fixed on upper pressure roller through holding screw, in like manner, when two lower shaft glands on lower compression roller are installed, large footpath lower shaft gland in two lower shaft glands is separately positioned on the outer end of lower compression roller, and overlap relative with axial compression on the path that upper pressure roller is installed, path lower shaft gland overlaps relative with axial compression on large footpath, when making cylindrical shell enlarging, first cylindrical shell two ends reducing spacing is measured, axial compression cover on upper pressure roller installs two, axial compression cover on large footpath in two upper axial compression covers is placed in axial compression cover outer end on footpath, footpath respectively, during installation, by two, upper axial compression cover hemizonid is buckled on upper pressure roller respectively relatively, and fixed by fastening bolt, axial compression cover on one of them is positioned on upper pressure roller through holding screw, move axial compression cover on another, after making two upper axial compression cover spacing equal with two reducing spacing, axial compression cover on another is fixed on upper pressure roller through holding screw, in like manner, when two lower shaft glands on lower compression roller are installed, path lower shaft gland in two lower shaft glands is separately positioned on the outer end of lower compression roller, and overlap relative with axial compression on the large footpath that upper pressure roller is installed, large footpath lower shaft gland overlaps relative with axial compression on path.
CN201410723402.4A 2014-12-04 2014-12-04 Veneer reeling machine reducing and expansion mouth processing unit (plant) Active CN104368712B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104815920B (en) * 2015-04-21 2017-04-05 浙江金飞车辆配件制造有限公司 A kind of cylinder molding covers all-in-one
CN109692918A (en) * 2017-08-22 2019-04-30 东莞市蓉工自动化科技有限公司 A kind of pipe expander being able to carry out detent
CN110125262B (en) * 2019-05-28 2020-10-09 河北亿森紧固件制造有限公司 Cold bending former

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CN202591446U (en) * 2012-06-07 2012-12-12 胡德林 Device for processing non-coaxial barrel neck
CN202779534U (en) * 2012-09-12 2013-03-13 云南通变冷作铆焊有限公司 Cylinder necking machine
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