CN104362489A - Three-linkage commutator manufacturing equipment and method - Google Patents

Three-linkage commutator manufacturing equipment and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104362489A
CN104362489A CN201410529935.9A CN201410529935A CN104362489A CN 104362489 A CN104362489 A CN 104362489A CN 201410529935 A CN201410529935 A CN 201410529935A CN 104362489 A CN104362489 A CN 104362489A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
commutator
polishing
index dial
manipulator
indexing mechanism
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CN201410529935.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104362489B (en
Inventor
涂雪峰
涂黔川
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SHENZHEN KAIRUIYUAN TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SHENZHEN KAIRUIYUAN TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410529935.9A priority Critical patent/CN104362489B/en
Publication of CN104362489A publication Critical patent/CN104362489A/en
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Publication of CN104362489B publication Critical patent/CN104362489B/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R43/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining, or repairing of line connectors or current collectors or for joining electric conductors
    • H01R43/06Manufacture of commutators

Abstract

The invention discloses three-linkage commutator manufacturing equipment. The equipment comprises a feeding disc, a material receiving box, a control component, a forward throwing device, a pressure forming device, a backward throwing device, a first manipulator, a second manipulator and a third manipulator, the forward throwing device is connected with the pressure forming device through the first manipulator, the pressure forming device is connected with the backward throwing device through the second manipulator, and the third manipulator is assembled to the backward throwing device. The three-linkage commutator manufacturing equipment can realize unmanned production and is particularly suitable for mass production, direct labor cost of factories is basically zero, produced products are pollution free with surfaces undamaged, the manufacturing process is stable, and product quality is high. The invention further discloses a three-linkage commutator manufacturing method.

Description

Commutator three links manufacturing equipment and manufacture method
Technical field
The present invention relates to commutator manufacture technology field, particularly relate to a kind of commutator three and to link manufacturing equipment and manufacture method.
Background technology
As shown in Figure 2, its job step is, hook pin polishing shaping along polishing, curved 45 ° of hooks, curved 90 ° of hooks, crotch to existing commutator manufacturing technology.When the first, adopting conventional explained hereafter, need 5 people operate 5 equipment simultaneously operator can meet technological requirement; The second, because material repeatedly adopts staff upper and lower, make material surface very easily be infected with sweat stain, form surface oxidation, corrosion; 3rd, because material is repeatedly upper and lower, very easily make material surface cause to damage and cause doing over again and even scrap; 4th, due to process decomposition, material manufacturing time is in process of production extended greatly.5th, finish owing to needing last process after process decomposition and just proceed to down operation afterwards, product generation batch mass accident and greatly not increased by the probability of Timeliness coverage.
Therefore, those skilled in the art is devoted to research and development one always and can be applicable to producing in enormous quantities, and the commutator manufacturing equipment of fully automatic operation.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of commutator three and links manufacturing equipment, this commutator three manufacturing equipment that links can realize manless production, be particularly suitable for producing in enormous quantities, direct labor's expense of factory is zero substantially, the product produced is pollution-free, can not damage surface, manufacturing process is stablized, good product quality.
Another technical problem that will solve of the present invention is to provide a kind of commutator three and links manufacture method.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the commutator three provided by the invention manufacturing equipment that links comprises entry table, connect material box, control assembly, suitable polishing apparatus along polishing is carried out to commutator, to the pressure forming apparatus carrying out crotch through described suitable polishing apparatus along the commutator after throwing, commutator after described pressure forming apparatus crotch is carried out down to the polishing apparatus that falls of polishing, first manipulator, second manipulator, 3rd manipulator, described first manipulator links together described along polishing apparatus and described pressure forming apparatus, described pressure forming apparatus and the polishing apparatus that falls link together by described second manipulator, 3rd manipulator and described polishing apparatus are assembled together, described suitable polishing apparatus comprises along polishing apparatus body, be installed in described along the first circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism on polishing apparatus body, to cooperatively interact with described first circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism and for carrying out the first polishing mechanism along polishing to commutator, described pressure forming apparatus comprises described through the described punching mechanism carrying out crotch along polishing apparatus along the commutator after polishing, described polishing apparatus comprises the body of falling polishing apparatus, be installed in the 3rd circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism on the described body of falling polishing apparatus, and second polishing mechanism for described commutator carry out down polishing corresponding with described 3rd circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism, described first circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism comprises the first indexing mechanism body respectively, be installed in the first index dial on described first indexing mechanism body, somely to be installed on described first index dial and along the first material mandrel of the equidistant circle distribution of described first index dial axis, to be installed on described first index dial and for making described first material mandrel keep the first mandrel Self-rotation structure of rotation, described 3rd circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism comprises the 3rd indexing mechanism body respectively, be installed in the 3rd index dial on described 3rd indexing mechanism body, somely to be installed on described 3rd index dial and along the second material mandrel of the equidistant circle distribution of described 3rd index dial axis, to be installed on described 3rd index dial and for making described second material mandrel keep the second mandrel Self-rotation structure of rotation, described commutator is delivered to described pressure forming apparatus by described first manipulator from the first circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism, described commutator to be picked up from described pressure forming apparatus by described second manipulator and is delivered to the 3rd circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism.
Preferably, described first circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism also comprises the first slowing-down structure, be assembled together with described first slowing-down structure and the first drive motors for driving described first slowing-down structure to rotate, described first slowing-down structure to be installed on described indexing mechanism body and to be assembled together with described first index dial, described first slowing-down structure drives described first index dial to do circular-rotation, described control assembly and each described first drive motors are electrically connected, trisection indexing mechanism also comprises the second slowing-down structure, be assembled together with described second slowing-down structure and the 3rd drive motors for driving described second slowing-down structure to rotate, described first slowing-down structure to be installed on described indexing mechanism body and to be assembled together with described 3rd index dial, described second slowing-down structure drives described 3rd index dial to do circular-rotation, described control assembly and described 3rd drive motors are electrically connected.
Preferably, described pressure forming apparatus also comprise shaped device body, the second circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism be installed on described shaped device body, be installed on described shaped device body for the mandrel ejecting structure ejected the commutator after shaping, the testing agency for detecting the placement location of described commutator be installed on described shaped device body.
Preferably, described second circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism comprises the second indexing mechanism body, second slowing-down structure, be installed in the second index dial on described second indexing mechanism body, somely to be installed on described second index dial and along the material placing mold of the equidistant circle distribution of described second index dial axis, be assembled together with described second slowing-down structure and the second drive motors for driving described second slowing-down structure to rotate, described second slowing-down structure to be installed on described second indexing mechanism body and to be assembled together with described second index dial, described second slowing-down structure drives described second index dial to do circular-rotation, described control assembly and described second drive motors are electrically connected.
Preferably, described first polishing mechanism and the second polishing mechanism comprise the screw structure for finely tuning the position of described polishing wheel being installed in the first polishing wheel on corresponding described first indexing mechanism body or the 3rd indexing mechanism body and the second polishing wheel, being assembled together with described first polishing wheel and the second polishing wheel respectively, and described screw structure is installed on corresponding described first indexing mechanism body or the second indexing mechanism body.
Preferably, described first manipulator comprises the first mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the first Timing Belt in described first mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the first line slideway in described first mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the first cylinder on described first line slideway, to be installed in described first mechanical hand cradle and for driving the first synchronizing wheel of described first Timing Belt movement, the output shaft being installed in described first cylinder clamps and the parallel cylinder discharged for carrying out described commutator, described first synchronous pulley and described first Timing Belt are assembled together, cylinder body and described first Timing Belt of described first cylinder link together, described 3rd manipulator comprises the 3rd mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the 3rd Timing Belt in described 3rd mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the 3rd line slideway in described 3rd mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the 3rd cylinder on described 3rd line slideway, to be installed in described 3rd mechanical hand cradle and for driving the first synchronizing wheel of described first Timing Belt movement, the output shaft being installed in described 3rd cylinder clamps and the parallel cylinder discharged for carrying out described commutator, described 3rd synchronous pulley and described 3rd Timing Belt are assembled together, cylinder body and described 3rd Timing Belt of described 3rd cylinder link together.
Preferably, described second manipulator comprises the second mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the second Timing Belt in described second mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the second line slideway in described second mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the second cylinder on described second line slideway, to be installed in described second mechanical hand cradle and for driving the second synchronizing wheel of described second Timing Belt movement, on the output shaft being installed in described second cylinder and for the resilient clamp structure of carrying out clamping to described commutator Yu discharge, described second synchronous pulley and described second Timing Belt are assembled together, cylinder body and described second Timing Belt of described second cylinder link together.
Preferably, described first mandrel Self-rotation structure comprises the first mandrel rotation belt, to be installed on described first indexing mechanism body and for driving the first slowspeed machine of described first mandrel rotation belt movement, described first mandrel rotation belt is assembled together with corresponding each described first material mandrel, described second mandrel Self-rotation structure comprises the second mandrel rotation belt, to be installed on described second indexing mechanism body and for driving the second slowspeed machine of described second mandrel rotation belt movement, described second mandrel rotation belt and each described second material mandrel are assembled together.
Preferably, described control assembly comprises: display module, and the performance parameter for the manufacturing equipment that linked by described commutator three passes through interface display; And/or key-press module, carry out work for handling described commutator three manufacturing equipment that links.
Relative to the problem that another will solve, the invention provides commutator three manufacture method that links and comprise the following steps:
S1: described commutator vibrates on the material mandrel of described first circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism by described charging vibrating disk, first drive motors rotates and drives described first index dial to rotate, first index dial drives described material mandrel to rotate, thus described commutator is turned to position that applicable described first polishing mechanism carries out polishing;
S2: described first polishing mechanism carries out polishing to described commutator;
S3: described first index dial rotates again, the first index dial drives described material mandrel to rotate, thus the position making polished commutator turn to applicable described first manipulator to carry out capturing;
S4: described first manipulator captures described commutator by described parallel cylinder, described first cylinder drives described commutator to move up, then described first Timing Belt drives described commutator to move in parallel above the material placing mold of described pressure forming apparatus, then described parallel cylinder discharges described commutator, and described commutator is placed on described material placing mold;
S5: described second drive motors rotates and drives described second index dial to rotate, second index dial drives described material placing mold to move, thus described commutator is turned to position that applicable described punching mechanism carries out punching press, the placement location of described testing agency to each commutator detects simultaneously, and the parallel cylinder of the first manipulator turns back to initial position simultaneously;
S6: if testing agency detects that the placement location of described commutator is correct, then perform step S7; Otherwise return step S5;
S7: described punching mechanism carries out crotch to described commutator, is first stamped into 45 degree to the hook of described commutator, is then stamped into 90 degree to the hook of described commutator, and be then stamped into 120 degree to the hook of described commutator, crotch completes.
S8: described second index dial rotates again, the second index dial drives described material placing mold to rotate, thus the position making the good commutator of crotch turn to applicable described second manipulator to carry out capturing; Described commutator ejects by described mandrel ejecting mechanism simultaneously;
S9: described second manipulator is by commutator described in described resilient clamp structural clamp, described second cylinder drives described commutator to move up, then described second Timing Belt drives described commutator to move in parallel above the material mandrel of described polishing apparatus, then commutator described in described resilient clamp structure release, described commutator is placed on the material mandrel of described polishing apparatus;
S10: the 3rd drive motors of described polishing apparatus rotates the 3rd index dial rotation driving described polishing apparatus, 3rd index dial of described polishing apparatus drives described material mandrel to rotate, thus described commutator is turned to position that applicable described second polishing mechanism carries out polishing, the resilient clamp structure of the second manipulator turns back to initial position simultaneously;
S11: the crotch of described second polishing mechanism to the good commutator of crotch carries out polishing;
S12: described fall the 3rd index dial of polishing apparatus again rotate, described fall the 3rd index dial of polishing apparatus drive described material mandrel to move, thus the position making polished commutator turn to applicable described 3rd manipulator to carry out capturing;
S13: described 3rd manipulator captures described commutator by described parallel cylinder, first cylinder of described 3rd manipulator drives described commutator to move up, then described first Timing Belt drives described commutator to move in parallel describedly to connect above material box, then described parallel cylinder discharges described commutator, connects on material box described in described commutator is placed on;
The parallel cylinder of the S14: the three manipulator returns
After adopting said structure and method, described commutator vibrates described along on the material mandrel of polishing apparatus by described charging vibrating disk, and described first polishing mechanism carries out polishing to described commutator, described first manipulator captures described commutator by described parallel cylinder, described commutator is placed on described material placing mold, second index dial drives described material placing mold to rotate, thus described commutator is turned to position that applicable described punching mechanism carries out punching press, the placement location of described testing agency to each commutator detects simultaneously, described punching mechanism carries out crotch to described commutator, first 45 degree are stamped into the hook of described commutator, then 90 degree are stamped into the hook of described commutator, then 120 degree are stamped into the hook of described commutator, crotch completes, described second index dial rotates again, second index dial drives described material placing mold to rotate, thus the position making the good commutator of crotch turn to applicable described second manipulator to carry out capturing, described commutator ejects by described mandrel ejecting mechanism simultaneously, described second manipulator is by commutator described in described resilient clamp structural clamp, move and be placed on by described commutator on the material mandrel of described polishing apparatus, the commutator that described 3rd polishing mechanism is good to crotch carries out polishing, described 3rd manipulator captures described commutator by described parallel cylinder, mobile and connect on material box described in being placed on by described commutator.The link advantage of manufacturing equipment and manufacture method of this commutator three is:
1, save manpower, can realize manless production, be particularly suitable for producing in enormous quantities, direct labor's expense of factory is zero.
2. because employing automatic manipulator is upper and lower and transmission material, the cosmetic issue such as oxidation, corrosion that the unmanned hand contact in material surface is formed.
3., owing to adopting automatic manipulator up and down and transmission material, commutator eliminates surface that artificial loading and unloading are formed owing to not handling with care in process of production and the problem such as to damage.
4. complete because multiple operation is integrated on an equipment, the production time shortens greatly, and production efficiency is high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that commutator three of the present invention links the structural representation of manufacturing equipment;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of prior art processing commutator;
Fig. 3 is that commutator three of the present invention links the front view of manufacturing equipment first manipulator or the second manipulator;
Fig. 4 is that commutator three of the present invention links the vertical view of manufacturing equipment first manipulator or the second manipulator;
Fig. 5 is that commutator three of the present invention links the structural representation of manufacturing equipment first circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism or the second circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism.
Embodiment
In order to make object of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only for explaining the present invention, being not intended to limit the present invention.
Refer to Fig. 1, Fig. 1 is that commutator three of the present invention links the structural representation of manufacturing equipment, in the present embodiment, commutator three manufacturing equipment 10 that links comprises entry table 18, splicing thing box 19, control assembly, suitable polishing apparatus 11 along polishing is carried out to commutator, to the pressure forming apparatus 12 through carrying out crotch along the commutator after throwing along polishing apparatus 11, commutator after shaped device 12 crotch is carried out down to the polishing apparatus 13 of polishing, first manipulator 14, second manipulator 15, 3rd manipulator 16, first manipulator 14 will link together along polishing apparatus 11 and pressure forming apparatus 12, pressure forming apparatus 12 and the polishing apparatus 13 that falls link together by the second manipulator 15, 3rd manipulator 16 and the polishing apparatus 13 that falls are assembled together, comprise along polishing apparatus body 111 along polishing apparatus 11, be installed in along the first circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism 113 on polishing apparatus body 111, to cooperatively interact with the first circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism 113 and for carrying out the first polishing mechanism 112 along polishing to commutator, pressure forming apparatus 12 comprises the punching mechanism 123 described process being carried out to crotch along polishing apparatus 11 along the commutator after polishing, the polishing apparatus 13 that falls comprises the body of falling polishing apparatus 133, be installed in the 3rd circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism 131 on the body of falling polishing apparatus 133, and second polishing mechanism 132 for described commutator carry out down polishing corresponding with the 3rd circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism 131, described commutator is delivered to pressure forming apparatus 12 by the first manipulator 14 from the first circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism 113, described commutator to be picked up from pressure forming apparatus 12 by the second manipulator 15 and is delivered to the 3rd circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism 131.
Refer to Fig. 5, first circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism 113 comprises the first indexing mechanism body 113b respectively, be installed in the first index dial 113g on the first indexing mechanism body 113b, somely to be installed on the first index dial 113g and along the first material mandrel 113c of the equidistant circle distribution of the first index dial 113g axis, to be installed on the first index dial 113g and the first mandrel Self-rotation structure 113d for making the first material mandrel 113c keep rotation, first slowing-down structure 113f, be assembled together with the first slowing-down structure 113f and the first drive motors 113a for driving the first slowing-down structure 113f to rotate, first slowing-down structure 113f to be installed on the first indexing mechanism body 113b and to be assembled together with the first index dial 113g, first slowing-down structure 113f drives the first index dial 113g to do circular-rotation, described control assembly and the first drive motors 113a are electrically connected.
3rd circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism 131 comprises the 3rd indexing mechanism body 131b, be installed in the 3rd index dial 131g on the 3rd indexing mechanism body 131b, somely to be installed on described 3rd index dial and along the second material mandrel 131c of the equidistant circle distribution of described 3rd index dial axis, to be installed on described 3rd index dial and the second mandrel Self-rotation structure 131d for making the second material mandrel 131c keep rotation, second slowing-down structure 131f, be assembled together with the second slowing-down structure 131f and the 3rd drive motors 131a for driving the second slowing-down structure 131f to rotate, second slowing-down structure 131f to be installed on the 3rd indexing mechanism body 131b and to be assembled together with the 3rd index dial 131g, second slowing-down structure 131f drives the 3rd index dial 131g to do circular-rotation, described control assembly and the 3rd drive motors 131a are electrically connected.
Pressure forming apparatus 12 also comprises shaped device body 125, the second circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism 121 be installed on shaped device body 125, be installed on shaped device body 125 for the mandrel ejecting structure 124 ejected the commutator after shaping, the testing agency 122 for detecting the placement location of described commutator be installed on shaped device body 125.
Second circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism 121 comprises the second indexing mechanism body, second slowing-down structure, be installed in the second index dial on described second indexing mechanism body, somely to be installed on described second index dial and along the material placing mold of the equidistant circle distribution of described second index dial axis, be assembled together with described second slowing-down structure and the second drive motors for driving described second slowing-down structure to rotate, described second slowing-down structure to be installed on described second indexing mechanism body and to be assembled together with described second index dial, described second slowing-down structure drives described second index dial to do circular-rotation, described control assembly and described second drive motors are electrically connected.
The screw structure 112a for finely tuning the position of polishing wheel that first polishing mechanism 112 and the second polishing mechanism 132 comprise the first polishing wheel 112b, the second polishing wheel 112c be installed on corresponding described first indexing mechanism body 113b or the 3rd indexing mechanism body 131b respectively, are assembled together with the first polishing wheel 112b and the second polishing wheel 112c, screw structure 112a is installed on corresponding described first indexing mechanism body 113b or the 3rd indexing mechanism body 131b.
Refer to Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, first manipulator 14 comprises the first mechanical hand cradle respectively, be installed in the first Timing Belt 141 in described first mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the first line slideway 142 in described first mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the first cylinder 145 on the first line slideway 142, to be installed in the first mechanical hand cradle and to clamp and the parallel cylinder 146 discharged for carrying out described commutator on the output shaft driving the first synchronizing wheel 143 of described first Timing Belt 141 movement to be installed in the first cylinder 145, first synchronous pulley 143 and the first Timing Belt 141 are assembled together, cylinder body and first Timing Belt 141 of the first cylinder 145 link together.
3rd manipulator 16 comprises the 3rd mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the 3rd Timing Belt 161 in described 3rd mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the 3rd line slideway 162 in described 3rd mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the 3rd cylinder 165 on the 3rd line slideway 162, to be installed in the 3rd mechanical hand cradle and to clamp and the parallel cylinder 166 discharged for carrying out described commutator on the output shaft driving the 3rd synchronizing wheel 163 of described 3rd Timing Belt 161 movement to be installed in the 3rd cylinder 165, 3rd synchronous pulley 163 and the 3rd Timing Belt 161 are assembled together, cylinder body and first Timing Belt 161 of the 3rd cylinder 165 link together.
Second manipulator 15 comprises the second mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the second Timing Belt in described second mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the second line slideway in described second mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the second cylinder on described second line slideway, to be installed in described second mechanical hand cradle and for driving the second synchronizing wheel of described second Timing Belt movement, on the output shaft being installed in described second cylinder and for the resilient clamp structure of carrying out clamping to described commutator Yu discharge, described second synchronous pulley and described second Timing Belt are assembled together, cylinder body and described second Timing Belt of described second cylinder link together.
First mandrel Self-rotation structure 113d comprises the first mandrel rotation belt, be installed on the first indexing mechanism body and for driving the first slowspeed machine of described first mandrel rotation belt movement, described first mandrel rotation belt and each described first material mandrel are assembled together, second mandrel Self-rotation structure 131d comprises the second mandrel rotation belt, be installed on described second indexing mechanism body and for driving the second slowspeed machine of described second mandrel rotation belt movement, described second mandrel rotation belt and each second material mandrel are assembled together
Described control assembly comprises: display module, and the performance parameter for the manufacturing equipment 10 that linked by described commutator three passes through interface display; And/or key-press module, carry out work for handling described commutator three manufacturing equipment 10 that links.
The invention also discloses a kind of link commutator three of manufacturing equipment 10 of above-mentioned commutator three that uses to link manufacture method, comprise the following steps:
S1: described commutator vibrates on the first material mandrel 113c of the first circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism 113 by described charging vibrating disk 18, first drive motors 113a rotates drive first index dial 113g and rotates, first index dial 113g drives the first material mandrel 113c to rotate, thus described commutator is turned to position that applicable first polishing mechanism 112 carries out polishing;
S2: the first polishing mechanism 112 carries out polishing to described commutator;
S3: the first index dial 113g rotates again, and the first index dial 113g drives described material mandrel 113c to rotate, thus the position making polished commutator turn to applicable described first manipulator 14 to carry out capturing;
S4: the first manipulator 14 captures described commutator by parallel cylinder 146, first cylinder 145 drives described commutator to move up, then the first Timing Belt 143 drives described commutator to move in parallel above the material placing mold of pressure forming apparatus 12, then parallel cylinder 146 discharges described commutator, and described commutator is placed on material placing mold;
S5: the second drive motors rotates and drives described second index dial to rotate, second index dial drives described material placing mold to move, thus described commutator is turned to position that applicable described punching mechanism carries out punching press, the placement location of described testing agency to each commutator detects simultaneously, and the parallel cylinder of the first manipulator turns back to initial position simultaneously;
S6: if testing agency 122 detects that the placement location of described commutator is correct, then perform step S7; Otherwise return step S5;
S7: punching mechanism 123 carries out crotch to described commutator, is first stamped into 45 degree to the hook of described commutator, is then stamped into 90 degree to the hook of described commutator, and be then stamped into 120 degree to the hook of described commutator, crotch completes.
S8: described second index dial rotates again, the second index dial drives described material placing mold to rotate, thus the position making the good commutator of crotch turn to applicable described second manipulator 15 to carry out capturing; Described commutator ejects by mandrel ejecting mechanism 124 simultaneously;
S9: the second manipulator 15 is by commutator described in described resilient clamp structural clamp, described second cylinder drives described commutator to move up, then described second Timing Belt drives described commutator to move in parallel above the second material mandrel 131c of described polishing apparatus 13, then commutator described in described resilient clamp structure release, described commutator is placed on the material mandrel 131c of described polishing apparatus;
S10: the 3rd drive motors 131a of polishing apparatus 13 rotates and drives the 3rd index dial 131g of described polishing apparatus to rotate, the 3rd index dial 131g of polishing apparatus 13 drives described material mandrel 131c to rotate, thus described commutator is turned to position that applicable described second polishing mechanism 132 carries out polishing, the resilient clamp structure of the second manipulator 15 turns back to initial position simultaneously;
The crotch of the commutator that the S11: the second polishing mechanism 132 pairs crotch is good carries out polishing;
S12: the 3rd index dial 131g of polishing apparatus 13 of falling rotates again, the 3rd index dial 131g of polishing apparatus 13 of falling drives the second material mandrel 131c to rotate, thus the position making polished commutator turn to applicable 3rd manipulator 16 to carry out capturing;
S13: the three manipulator 16 captures described commutator by parallel cylinder 166, first cylinder 165 of described 3rd manipulator 16 drives described commutator to move up, then described first Timing Belt 161 drives described commutator to move in parallel to connect above material box 19, then parallel cylinder 166 discharges described commutator, connects on material box 19 described in described commutator is placed on;
The parallel cylinder 166 of the S14: the three manipulator 16 turns back to initial position.
Should be understood that; these are only the preferred embodiments of the present invention; can not therefore limit the scope of the claims of the present invention; every utilize specification of the present invention and accompanying drawing content to do equivalent structure or equivalent flow process conversion; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical fields, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a commutator three links manufacturing equipment, it is characterized in that: comprise entry table, connect material box, control assembly, suitable polishing apparatus along polishing is carried out to commutator, to the pressure forming apparatus carrying out crotch through described suitable polishing apparatus along the commutator after throwing, commutator after described pressure forming apparatus crotch is carried out down to the polishing apparatus that falls of polishing, first manipulator, second manipulator, 3rd manipulator, described first manipulator links together described along polishing apparatus and described pressure forming apparatus, described pressure forming apparatus and the polishing apparatus that falls link together by described second manipulator, 3rd manipulator and described polishing apparatus are assembled together, described suitable polishing apparatus comprises along polishing apparatus body, be installed in described along the first circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism on polishing apparatus body, to cooperatively interact with described first circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism and for carrying out the first polishing mechanism along polishing to commutator, described pressure forming apparatus comprises described through the described punching mechanism carrying out crotch along polishing apparatus along the commutator after polishing, described polishing apparatus comprises the body of falling polishing apparatus, be installed in the 3rd circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism on the described body of falling polishing apparatus, and second polishing mechanism for described commutator carry out down polishing corresponding with described 3rd circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism, described first circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism comprises the first indexing mechanism body respectively, be installed in the first index dial on described first indexing mechanism body, somely to be installed on described first index dial and along the first material mandrel of the equidistant circle distribution of described first index dial axis, to be installed on described first index dial and for making described first material mandrel keep the first mandrel Self-rotation structure of rotation, described 3rd circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism comprises the 3rd indexing mechanism body respectively, be installed in the 3rd index dial on described 3rd indexing mechanism body, somely to be installed on described 3rd index dial and along the second material mandrel of the equidistant circle distribution of described 3rd index dial axis, to be installed on described 3rd index dial and for making described second material mandrel keep the second mandrel Self-rotation structure of rotation, described commutator is delivered to described pressure forming apparatus by described first manipulator from the first circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism, described commutator to be picked up from described pressure forming apparatus by described second manipulator and is delivered to the 3rd circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism.
2. commutator three according to claim 1 links manufacturing equipment, it is characterized in that: described first circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism also comprises the first slowing-down structure, be assembled together with described first slowing-down structure and the first drive motors for driving described first slowing-down structure to rotate, described first slowing-down structure to be installed on described indexing mechanism body and to be assembled together with described first index dial, described first slowing-down structure drives described first index dial to do circular-rotation, described control assembly and each described first drive motors are electrically connected, trisection indexing mechanism also comprises the second slowing-down structure, be assembled together with described second slowing-down structure and the 3rd drive motors for driving described second slowing-down structure to rotate, described first slowing-down structure to be installed on described indexing mechanism body and to be assembled together with described 3rd index dial, described second slowing-down structure drives described 3rd index dial to do circular-rotation, described control assembly and described 3rd drive motors are electrically connected.
3. commutator three according to claim 1 links manufacturing equipment, it is characterized in that: described pressure forming apparatus also comprises shaped device body, the second circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism be installed on described shaped device body, be installed on described shaped device body for the mandrel ejecting structure ejected the commutator after shaping, the testing agency for detecting the placement location of described commutator be installed on described shaped device body.
4. commutator three according to claim 1 links manufacturing equipment, it is characterized in that: described second circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism comprises the second indexing mechanism body, second slowing-down structure, be installed in the second index dial on described second indexing mechanism body, somely to be installed on described second index dial and along the material placing mold of the equidistant circle distribution of described second index dial axis, be assembled together with described second slowing-down structure and the second drive motors for driving described second slowing-down structure to rotate, described second slowing-down structure to be installed on described second indexing mechanism body and to be assembled together with described second index dial, described second slowing-down structure drives described second index dial to do circular-rotation, described control assembly and described second drive motors are electrically connected.
5. commutator three according to claim 1 links manufacturing equipment, it is characterized in that: described first polishing mechanism and the second polishing mechanism comprise the screw structure for finely tuning the position of described polishing wheel being installed in the first polishing wheel on corresponding described first indexing mechanism body or the 3rd indexing mechanism body and the second polishing wheel, being assembled together with described first polishing wheel and the second polishing wheel respectively, and described screw structure is installed on corresponding described first indexing mechanism body or the second indexing mechanism body.
6. commutator three according to claim 1 links manufacturing equipment, it is characterized in that: described first manipulator comprises the first mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the first Timing Belt in described first mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the first line slideway in described first mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the first cylinder on described first line slideway, to be installed in described first mechanical hand cradle and for driving the first synchronizing wheel of described first Timing Belt movement, the output shaft being installed in described first cylinder clamps and the parallel cylinder discharged for carrying out described commutator, described first synchronous pulley and described first Timing Belt are assembled together, cylinder body and described first Timing Belt of described first cylinder link together, described 3rd manipulator comprises the 3rd mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the 3rd Timing Belt in described 3rd mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the 3rd line slideway in described 3rd mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the 3rd cylinder on described 3rd line slideway, to be installed in described 3rd mechanical hand cradle and for driving the first synchronizing wheel of described first Timing Belt movement, the output shaft being installed in described 3rd cylinder clamps and the parallel cylinder discharged for carrying out described commutator, described 3rd synchronous pulley and described 3rd Timing Belt are assembled together, cylinder body and described 3rd Timing Belt of described 3rd cylinder link together.
7. commutator three according to claim 1 links manufacturing equipment, it is characterized in that: described second manipulator comprises the second mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the second Timing Belt in described second mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the second line slideway in described second mechanical hand cradle, be installed in the second cylinder on described second line slideway, to be installed in described second mechanical hand cradle and for driving the second synchronizing wheel of described second Timing Belt movement, on the output shaft being installed in described second cylinder and for the resilient clamp structure of carrying out clamping to described commutator Yu discharge, described second synchronous pulley and described second Timing Belt are assembled together, cylinder body and described second Timing Belt of described second cylinder link together.
8. commutator three according to claim 1 links manufacturing equipment, it is characterized in that: described first mandrel Self-rotation structure comprises the first mandrel rotation belt, to be installed on described first indexing mechanism body and for driving the first slowspeed machine of described first mandrel rotation belt movement, described first mandrel rotation belt is assembled together with corresponding each described first material mandrel, described second mandrel Self-rotation structure comprises the second mandrel rotation belt, to be installed on described second indexing mechanism body and for driving the second slowspeed machine of described second mandrel rotation belt movement, described second mandrel rotation belt and each described second material mandrel are assembled together.
9. commutator three according to claim 1 links manufacturing equipment, and it is characterized in that: described control assembly comprises: display module, the performance parameter for the manufacturing equipment that linked by described commutator three passes through interface display; And/or key-press module, carry out work for handling described commutator three manufacturing equipment that links.
10. use the link commutator three of manufacturing equipment of the arbitrary described commutator three of claim 1 to 9 to link a manufacture method, it is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
S1: described commutator vibrates on the material mandrel of described first circumference equal dividing indexing mechanism by described charging vibrating disk, first drive motors rotates and drives described first index dial to rotate, first index dial drives described material mandrel to rotate, thus described commutator is turned to position that applicable described first polishing mechanism carries out polishing;
S2: described first polishing mechanism carries out polishing to described commutator;
S3: described first index dial rotates again, the first index dial drives described material mandrel to rotate, thus the position making polished commutator turn to applicable described first manipulator to carry out capturing;
S4: described first manipulator captures described commutator by described parallel cylinder, described first cylinder drives described commutator to move up, then described first Timing Belt drives described commutator to move in parallel above the material placing mold of described pressure forming apparatus, then described parallel cylinder discharges described commutator, and described commutator is placed on described material placing mold;
S5: described second drive motors rotates and drives described second index dial to rotate, second index dial drives described material placing mold to move, thus described commutator is turned to position that applicable described punching mechanism carries out punching press, the placement location of described testing agency to each commutator detects simultaneously, and the parallel cylinder of the first manipulator turns back to initial position simultaneously;
S6: if testing agency detects that the placement location of described commutator is correct, then perform step S7; Otherwise return step S5;
S7: described punching mechanism carries out crotch to described commutator, is first stamped into 45 degree to the hook of described commutator, is then stamped into 90 degree to the hook of described commutator, and be then stamped into 120 degree to the hook of described commutator, crotch completes.
S8: described second index dial rotates again, the second index dial drives described material placing mold to rotate, thus the position making the good commutator of crotch turn to applicable described second manipulator to carry out capturing; Described commutator ejects by described mandrel ejecting mechanism simultaneously;
S9: described second manipulator is by commutator described in described resilient clamp structural clamp, described second cylinder drives described commutator to move up, then described second Timing Belt drives described commutator to move in parallel above the material mandrel of described polishing apparatus, then commutator described in described resilient clamp structure release, described commutator is placed on the material mandrel of described polishing apparatus;
S10: the 3rd drive motors of described polishing apparatus rotates the 3rd index dial rotation driving described polishing apparatus, 3rd index dial of described polishing apparatus drives described material mandrel to rotate, thus described commutator is turned to position that applicable described second polishing mechanism carries out polishing, the resilient clamp structure of the second manipulator turns back to initial position simultaneously;
S11: the crotch of described second polishing mechanism to the good commutator of crotch carries out polishing;
S12: described fall the 3rd index dial of polishing apparatus again rotate, described fall the 3rd index dial of polishing apparatus drive described material mandrel to rotate, thus the position making polished commutator turn to applicable described 3rd manipulator to carry out capturing;
S13: described 3rd manipulator captures described commutator by described parallel cylinder, 3rd cylinder of described 3rd manipulator drives described commutator to move up, then described 3rd Timing Belt drives described commutator to move in parallel describedly to connect above material box, then described parallel cylinder discharges described commutator, connects on material box described in described commutator is placed on;
The parallel cylinder of the S14: the three manipulator turns back to initial position.
CN201410529935.9A 2014-10-09 2014-10-09 Three-linkage commutator manufacturing equipment and method Expired - Fee Related CN104362489B (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104901129A (en) * 2015-06-04 2015-09-09 黄其清 Convenient forming type commutator hook apparatus
CN113328318A (en) * 2021-04-08 2021-08-31 瑞安市东成电机配件有限公司 Commutator processing equipment

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JPH05161317A (en) * 1991-12-05 1993-06-25 Mitsuba Electric Mfg Co Ltd Machining method for surface of flat commutator of motor
JPH11320299A (en) * 1998-05-08 1999-11-24 Shinko Electric Co Ltd Outer diameter polish finishing device of commutator processing machine
CN101083379A (en) * 2007-05-29 2007-12-05 宁波胜克换向器有限公司 Process for manufacturing commutator
CN101494350A (en) * 2009-02-25 2009-07-29 宁波华瑞电器有限公司 Method for manufacturing commutator
CN102354893A (en) * 2011-10-27 2012-02-15 温州科奇比威自动化设备有限公司 Hooking-polishing primary shaping method for commutator and shaping machine thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH05161317A (en) * 1991-12-05 1993-06-25 Mitsuba Electric Mfg Co Ltd Machining method for surface of flat commutator of motor
JPH11320299A (en) * 1998-05-08 1999-11-24 Shinko Electric Co Ltd Outer diameter polish finishing device of commutator processing machine
CN101083379A (en) * 2007-05-29 2007-12-05 宁波胜克换向器有限公司 Process for manufacturing commutator
CN101494350A (en) * 2009-02-25 2009-07-29 宁波华瑞电器有限公司 Method for manufacturing commutator
CN102354893A (en) * 2011-10-27 2012-02-15 温州科奇比威自动化设备有限公司 Hooking-polishing primary shaping method for commutator and shaping machine thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104901129A (en) * 2015-06-04 2015-09-09 黄其清 Convenient forming type commutator hook apparatus
CN113328318A (en) * 2021-04-08 2021-08-31 瑞安市东成电机配件有限公司 Commutator processing equipment

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