CN104358454B - A kind of automated machine garage vehicle conveying platform - Google Patents

A kind of automated machine garage vehicle conveying platform Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104358454B
CN104358454B CN201410593030.8A CN201410593030A CN104358454B CN 104358454 B CN104358454 B CN 104358454B CN 201410593030 A CN201410593030 A CN 201410593030A CN 104358454 B CN104358454 B CN 104358454B
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collar tie
tie beam
clip wheel
lower ring
wheel
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CN201410593030.8A
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CN104358454A (en
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王景保
王洋
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Huang Chaoying
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王洋
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Publication of CN104358454A publication Critical patent/CN104358454A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/08Garages for many vehicles
    • E04H6/12Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • E04H6/30Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in horizontal direction only
    • E04H6/36Garages for many vehicles with mechanical means for shifting or lifting vehicles with means for transport in horizontal direction only characterised by use of freely-movable dollies

Abstract

nullThe present invention relates to a kind of automated machine garage vehicle conveying platform,Load carrier including bearing automobile、Delivery device、Drive mechanism and controller,The dynamic structure pushing vehicle is arranged on load carrier,Reduce the structure of propelling movement platform thus reduce the thickness pushing platform,It is suitable for being applied in the vehicle of low chassis,The propelling movement simple in construction having the technical effect that collar tie beam of concrete structure optimization does not has power,More frivolous,Adapt to the vehicle of more low chassis,The automobile outbound of tire not gas can be taken out,Two drive systems are each independent,Simple in construction,Gun iron link,Failure rate is low,Mechanical action transmission is accurate,Between equipment mechanism, independence is strong,Can directly change,Reduce the plant maintenance time,Arranging can be the maintenance of rotation formula,Road wheel is embedded in inside collar tie beam,Save major part space further,Make whole platform thinning,Volume diminishes,Fetch and deliver vehicle more stable.

Description

A kind of automated machine garage vehicle conveying platform
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of motor vehicle space garage parking equipment, especially a kind of automated machine garage vehicle conveying platform.
Background technology
Present Mechanical Three-dimensional Garage has two classes, one is displacement-type, whole load carrier moves with vehicle, speed of picking up the car is slow, power consumption is big, and another kind is fixed bit take-put type garage, drum type brake garage, Duo Shi underground, this type of garage, it is responsible for phloem-xylem transport by main platform, pushing platform and be responsible for picking and placeing vehicle, this kind of garage is not take up aboveground area, and it is fast that vehicle picks and places speed.
nullComplete to pick and place action by the vehicle that several tons heavy due to needs in terms of propelling movement type underground stereo garage parking,Therefore the mechanism picking and placeing vehicle is the hugest,Along with some low chassis class vehicles of prosperity of automotive engineering get more and more,Low chassis vehicle cannot be completed to pick and place work by heavy fetching device,Automobile just cannot be taken out by the platform pushed after especially the automobile tire in being stored in garage loses heart,Even vehicle can be damaged,Very big inconvenience is brought to the universal popularization of underground garage,The a lot of wheelbase of vehicle is different,It it is a challenge the biggest to machinery garage,Some garage limitation are the biggest now,The especially sport car of low chassis、Large-scale offroad vehicle and commercial vehicle get more and more,If it is light and handy to pursue propelling movement platform simply,Adapt to the sport car of low chassis,The Large off-road car of increased popularity on the contrary、SUV and commercial vehicle vehicle arise that the problem lifting difficulty.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention be to provide a kind of compact conformation, reliable, be suitable for more multi-vehicle-type machinery garage automobile warehouse-in platform;
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, access platform of the present invention is adopted the technical scheme that: a kind of automated machine garage vehicle conveying platform, including load carrier, delivery device, drive mechanism and the controller of bearing automobile;Described load carrier includes: upper collar tie beam, two clamping devices being arranged on upper collar tie beam by slide rail, contact the telescopic shaft of two groups of clamping devices, it is arranged on the road wheel that collar tie beam two side bottom is arranged and the driving rack be arrangeding in parallel with road wheel along delivery direction, every road wheel described in side is two or more, described road wheel is arranged on upper collar tie beam by walking axle, described clamping device includes: be arranged on the coaster on upper collar tie beam by slide rail, it is fixedly installed on supratrochlear guide chute, the slide block that is arranged in chute by telescopic shaft and be arranged on coaster the clip wheel arm being arranged in pairs for lifting automobile tire by fixing axle, described slide block is connected with clip wheel arm by connecting plate, it is additionally provided with reset post on described upper collar tie beam, described reset post and clip wheel arm one_to_one corresponding;Described telescopic shaft sequentially includes: the first end tooth wheel, first axle sleeve, first leading screw, series winding axle sleeve, second leading screw, second axle sleeve, second end tooth wheel, described first end tooth wheel is fixing with the first axle sleeve to be connected, described second axle sleeve and the fixing connection of the second end tooth wheel, described first axle sleeve and the first leading screw grafting, described first leading screw and the second leading screw respectively with series winding the grafting of axle sleeve two ends, described first leading screw is provided with plus thread and left-hand thread, the first slide block it is provided with on described plus thread, the second slide block it is provided with on described left-hand thread, described first leading screw and the second screw structure are identical, described series winding axle sleeve is fixed on collar tie beam;
Described delivery device includes: lower ring beam, be arranged on lower ring beam the propelling movement gear engaged with driving rack, and described propelling movement gear is arranged on lower ring beam by power transmission shaft, and described power transmission shaft one end is provided with driven sprocket, and described telescopic shaft engages with drive mechanism;
Described drive mechanism includes: movable motor is fixed the drive sprocket being connected and pushes motor with movable motor axle, the end tooth wheel that described telescopic shaft is arranged by two ends is connected with pushing motor, described slide block is hinged with connecting plate, described clip wheel arm is hinged with connecting plate, and described driven sprocket is connected with drive sprocket by chain;
Described upper collar tie beam is pressed on lower ring beam by road wheel, and described upper collar tie beam is corresponding with lower ring beam.
Furtherly; the gullet base of described first end tooth wheel is equipped with Magnet; it is provided with Hall element on described lower ring beam; described Hall element is corresponding with Magnet; described movable motor and propelling movement motor are respectively arranged with current over-load protector; described Hall element, current over-load protector outfan are connected with controller input, and described controller output end is connected with movable motor and propelling movement motor respectively by relay.
Furtherly, described upper collar tie beam both sides are respectively arranged with driving rack, it is corresponding with driving rack that described power transmission shaft two ends are respectively arranged with two propelling movement gears, described power transmission shaft is two or more, also setting up the briquetting for limiting driving rack position on described lower ring beam, described briquetting is corresponding with pushing gear position, and described lower ring beam is provided with the directive wheel limiting upper collar tie beam motion, described directive wheel is more than four, and four the above directive wheels are arranged on collar tie beam both sides.
Furtherly, described upper collar tie beam cross section is shaped as frame, and described road wheel is arranged in upper collar tie beam by walking axle, and described road wheel extends upper collar tie beam by the walking hole being arranged on upper collar tie beam and is pressed on lower ring beam.
Furtherly, described lower ring beam cross section is shaped as frame, and described power transmission shaft passes lower ring beam, and described propelling movement gear is arranged in lower ring beam by power transmission shaft, and described propelling movement gear extends lower ring beam by being arranged on the propelling movement hole of lower ring beam and engages with driving rack.
Furtherly, the inserted terminal cross section of described first leading screw and the second leading screw and axle sleeve is tetragon or hexagon, the cross sectional shape of described inner hole of shaft sleeve matches with leading screw inserted terminal cross section, described guide chute is positioned in the middle part of coaster, described coaster side is provided with two clip wheel arms connected respectively by connecting plate and the first slide block and the second slide block, described coaster opposite side is set and is also equipped with two clip wheel arms connected by connecting plate and the first slide block and the second slide block respectively, described clip wheel arm includes jig arm, the rotating disk being connected with fixing axle and the rotating shaft hinged with connecting plate, described rotating disk is semicircle fluted disc, described rotating disk is arranged in pairs and engages.
Furtherly, also including being arranged on coaster the loading plate being positioned at below described clip wheel arm, described clip wheel arm is provided with more than one bogie wheel, and described bogie wheel is corresponding with loading plate.
Furtherly, described guide chute is horizontal groove, and described slide block is provided with oil-through hole.
Furtherly, described jig arm passes through more than one bearing holder (housing, cover) equipped with cylinder.
Furtherly, described clip wheel arm includes: spear, back chipping, and the thickness of described clip wheel arm is gradually reduced to spear by back chipping, and the cross section of described clip wheel arm is wedge shape, the described clip wheel arm being arranged in pairs is involutory by spear, and described clip wheel arm and connecting plate are separately fixed at the two ends of rotating disk.
Use and have the beneficial effects that produced by technique scheme:
The dynamic structure pushing vehicle is arranged on load carrier by the present invention, reduce the structure of propelling movement platform thus reduce the thickness pushing platform, it is suitable for being applied in the vehicle of low chassis, the propelling movement simple in construction having the technical effect that collar tie beam of concrete structure optimization does not has power, more frivolous, adapt to the vehicle of more low chassis, the automobile outbound of tire not gas can be taken out, two drive systems are each independent, simple in construction, gun iron link, failure rate is low, mechanical action transmission is accurate, between equipment mechanism, independence is strong, can directly change, reduce the plant maintenance time, arranging can be the maintenance of rotation formula, road wheel is embedded in inside collar tie beam, save major part space further, make whole platform thinning, volume diminishes, fetch and deliver vehicle more stable.
The clip wheel arm arranged that slides adapts to wheelbase automatically, it is adapted to the wheelbase of all small passenger cars, two groups of clamping dollies are connected by sleeve, so and can adapting to wheelbase change can be with transmission torsion, automatically adapting to the change of coaster displaced position, the connection of connecting plate, telescopic shaft and slide block is all rigidly connected, and the transmission of simple in construction holding action accurately puts in place, the gripping strength connecting output of rigidity is big, it is possible to use heavy-duty off-road vehicle;The screw thread of the both direction of a piece leading screw can realize one and export two actions with axle, is suitable for two clip wheel arms and lifts the action of tire, and such simple in construction is convenient, saves a sets of transmission mechanism;One coaster both sides is provided with two groups of clip wheel arms, and two groups of clip wheel arms are connected on same leading screw, and a leading screw action can drive four clip wheel arms to lift vehicle, and structure simplifies further.
The clip wheel arm being arranged in pairs, the synchronization of clamping it is further ensured that by gear after being engaged, piece telescopic shaft series connection four slide blocks of two clamping devices, eight clip wheel arms use a power source, simple in construction is greatly simplified, the power that not only can change with dolly adaptation wheelbase but also can complete between slide block transmits, and annexation is simple, thus increases the reliability of grasping system;Four-wheel car is clamped respectively by four groups of clamping devices, adheres to that one power source of device can keep the concordance of action for four groups, and adjacent two groups adhere to the interrelated cooperation of device, the most firm, clip wheel arm engages each other, and can adapt to different wheelbases to a greater extent, and synchronicity is good.
Slide block slides in chute, has added lubricating oil for reducing phase mutual friction, slide block arranges oil-through hole, and slide block can be to slide block and chute sufficient lubrication when moving back and forth.
Clip wheel arm arranges cylinder can change into rolling by the sliding friction of clip wheel arm Yu tire, it is to avoid the in-fighting that frictional force is brought, and reduces the internal force of grasping system, increases equipment life, reduces the intensity of internal stress.Machinery garage needs to lift vehicle when moving vehicle, clip wheel arm lifting is the simplest mode, and two clip wheel arms lift a wheel, engage each other holding to synchronize, by connecting plate, capstan winch, clip wheel arm drive mechanism simply, gun iron link mechanical action transmission is accurate, and driving force loss is little;Arranging loading plate under clip wheel arm, clip wheel arm arranges support wheel, and when vehicle is overweight, loading plate plays the effect of auxiliary propclip wheel arm, and the weight transfer born by clip wheel arm is to a loading plate part, it is ensured that the reliability of clip wheel arm;Clip wheel arm arranges sleeve with the position of tire interface, reduces the friction of clip wheel arm and tire, reduces the internal stress of system;Clip wheel arm arranges cylinder can change into rolling by the sliding friction of clip wheel arm Yu tire, it is to avoid the in-fighting that frictional force is brought, and reduces the internal force of grasping system, increases equipment life, reduces the intensity of internal stress.
Owing to tire is departed from ground 20mm by such clamping holding mechanism, wheel nausea foot tubulose clip wheel arm is permissible, but tire QI-insufficiency or will to use clip wheel arm when not having gas be the clip wheel arm of wedge shape shovel, so the tire of gas leakage can be completely disengaged from ground, avoid lifting and after action completes, also have part tire tread to contact with ground, involutory torr shovel can take tire completely in one's arms, increases the contact area of tire and torr shovel, it is to avoid pressure crosses macrolesion tire.It is respectively provided with clip wheel arm at capstan winch two ends and connecting plate forms laborious lever drive, the distance of clip wheel arm is shortened, reduce the stroke of slide block, make connecting plate shorten, in the most limited space, just can hold all of device.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is present configuration schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is Figure 1B-B cross-sectional view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is Fig. 2 A portion of the present invention structure for amplifying schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is Fig. 2 B portion of the present invention structure for amplifying schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is Fig. 2 C portion of the present invention structure for amplifying schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is clip wheel arm initial position structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is side structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is Fig. 7 D portion of the present invention structure for amplifying schematic diagram;
Fig. 9 is running part structural representation of the present invention;
Figure 10 is Fig. 9 E portion of the present invention structure for amplifying schematic diagram;
Figure 11 is collar tie beam structural representation on load carrier of the present invention;
Figure 12 is jig arm of the present invention for structural representation during torr shovel;
Figure 13 is jig arm of the present invention for end face structure schematic diagram during torr shovel;
Wheel construction schematic diagram is supported when Figure 14 is jig arm of the present invention for torr shovel;
Figure 15 is that the present invention contacts sleeve structural representation.
nullIn the accompanying drawings: collar tie beam on 1、2 coasters、3 lower ring beams、4 telescopic shafts、5 slide blocks、6 fix axle、7 clip wheel arms、71 jig arm、72 rotating disks、73 rotating shafts、74 spears、75 back chippings、76 cylinders、8 connecting plates、9 slide rails、10 lift motor、11 end tooth wheels、111 first end tooth wheels、112 second end tooth wheels、113 Magnet、114 Hall elements、12 road wheels、121 walking holes、13 driving racks、14 walking axles、15 movable motors、16 drive sprockets、17 directive wheels、18 loading plates、19 chains、20 bogie wheels、21 guide chutes、22 reset post、23 briquettings、24 bearing blocks、25 through shafts、31 push gear、32 power transmission shafts、33 driven sprockets、34 push hole、42 plus threads、43 left-hand threads、441 first axle sleeves、442 second axle sleeves、443 series winding axle sleeves、451 first leading screws、452 second leading screws、47 bearings、51 first slide blocks、52 second slide blocks、53 oil-through holes.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is further detailed explanation with detailed description of the invention below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Seeing accompanying drawing 1 to 15, the present embodiment one automated machine garage vehicle conveying platform, including load carrier, delivery device, drive mechanism and the controller of bearing automobile;nullDescribed load carrier includes: upper collar tie beam 1、Two clamping devices being arranged on upper collar tie beam 1 by slide rail 9、Contact the telescopic shaft 4 of two groups of clamping devices、It is arranged on the road wheel 12 that 1 liang of side bottom of collar tie beam is arranged and the driving rack 13 be arrangeding in parallel with road wheel 12 along delivery direction,Every road wheel 12 described in side is two or more,Described road wheel 12 is arranged on upper collar tie beam 1 by walking axle 14,Described clamping device includes: be arranged on the coaster 2 on upper collar tie beam 1 by slide rail 9、The guide chute 21 being fixedly installed on coaster 2、The slide block 5 that is arranged in chute 21 by telescopic shaft 4 and be arranged on coaster 2 the clip wheel arm 7 being arranged in pairs for lifting automobile tire by fixing axle 6,Described slide block 5 is connected with clip wheel arm 7 by connecting plate 8,It is additionally provided with reset post 22 on described upper collar tie beam 1,Described reset post 22 and clip wheel arm 7 one_to_one corresponding;nullDescribed telescopic shaft 4 sequentially includes: the first end tooth wheel 111、First axle sleeve 441、First leading screw 451、Series winding axle sleeve 443、Second leading screw 452、Second axle sleeve 442、Second end tooth wheel 112,Described first end tooth wheel 111 is fixing with the first axle sleeve 441 to be connected,Described second axle sleeve 442 is fixing with the second end tooth wheel 112 to be connected,Described first axle sleeve 441 and the first leading screw 451 grafting,Described first leading screw 451 and the second leading screw 452 respectively with series winding axle sleeve 443 two ends grafting,Described first leading screw 451 is provided with plus thread 42 and left-hand thread 43,The first slide block 51 it is provided with on described plus thread 42,The second slide block 52 it is provided with on described left-hand thread 43,Described first leading screw 451 is identical with the second leading screw 452 structure,Described series winding axle sleeve 443 is fixed on collar tie beam 1;Described delivery device includes: lower ring beam 3, be arranged on lower ring beam 3 the propelling movement gear 31 engaged with driving rack 13, described propelling movement gear 31 is arranged on lower ring beam 3 by power transmission shaft 32, described power transmission shaft 32 one end is provided with driven sprocket 33, and described telescopic shaft 4 engages with drive mechanism;Described drive mechanism includes: movable motor 15 is fixed the drive sprocket 16 being connected and lifts motor 10 with movable motor axle, the end tooth wheel 11 that described telescopic shaft 4 is arranged by two ends is connected with lifting motor 10, described slide block 5 is hinged with connecting plate 8, described clip wheel arm 7 is hinged with connecting plate 8, and described driven sprocket 33 is connected with drive sprocket 16 by chain 19;Described upper collar tie beam 1 is pressed on lower ring beam 3 by road wheel 12, and described upper collar tie beam 1 is corresponding with lower ring beam 3.
The gullet base of the first end tooth wheel 111 is equipped with Magnet 113; it is provided with Hall element 114 on described lower ring beam 3; described Hall element 114 is corresponding with Magnet 113; described movable motor 15 and lift motor 10 and be respectively arranged with current over-load protector; described Hall element 114, current over-load protector outfan are connected with controller input, described controller output end by relay respectively with movable motor 15 and lift motor 10 and be connected.
Described upper collar tie beam 1 both sides are respectively arranged with driving rack 13, it is corresponding with driving rack 13 that described power transmission shaft 32 two ends are respectively arranged with two propelling movement gears 31, described power transmission shaft 32 is two or more, the briquetting 23 for limiting driving rack 13 position is also set up on described lower ring beam 3, described briquetting 23 is corresponding with pushing gear 31 position, described lower ring beam 3 is provided with the directive wheel 17 limiting upper collar tie beam 1 motion, described directive wheel 17 is more than four, and four the above directive wheels 17 are arranged on collar tie beam 1 both sides.
Upper collar tie beam 1 cross section is shaped as frame, and described road wheel 12 is arranged in upper collar tie beam 1 by walking axle 14, and described road wheel 12 extends upper collar tie beam 1 by the walking hole 121 being arranged on upper collar tie beam 1 and is pressed on lower ring beam 3.
Lower ring beam 3 cross section is shaped as frame, and described power transmission shaft 32 is arranged in lower ring beam 3 through lower ring beam 3, described propelling movement gear 31 by power transmission shaft 32, and described propelling movement gear 31 extends lower ring beam 3 by being arranged on the propelling movement hole 34 of lower ring beam 3 and engages with driving rack 13.
The inserted terminal cross section of the first leading screw 451 and the second leading screw 452 and axle sleeve is tetragon or hexagon, the cross sectional shape of described inner hole of shaft sleeve matches with leading screw inserted terminal cross section, described guide chute 21 is positioned in the middle part of coaster 2, described coaster 2 side is provided with two clip wheel arms 7 being connected with the first slide block 51 and the second slide block 52 respectively by connecting plate 8, described coaster 2 opposite side is set and is also equipped with two clip wheel arms 7 being connected with the first slide block 51 and the second slide block 52 by connecting plate 8 respectively, described clip wheel arm 7 includes jig arm 71, the rotating disk 72 being connected with fixing axle 6 and the rotating shaft 73 hinged with connecting plate 8, described rotating disk 72 is semicircle fluted disc, described rotating disk 72 is arranged in pairs and engages.
Also including being arranged on coaster 2 loading plate 18 being positioned at below described clip wheel arm 7, described clip wheel arm 7 is provided with more than one bogie wheel 20, and described bogie wheel 20 is corresponding with loading plate 18.
Guide chute 21 is horizontal groove, and described slide block 5 is provided with oil-through hole 53.
Jig arm 71 is set with cylinder 76 by more than one bearing 47.
Clip wheel arm 7 includes: spear 74, back chipping 75, the thickness of described clip wheel arm 7 is gradually reduced to spear 74 by back chipping 75, the cross section of described clip wheel arm 7 is wedge shape, and the described clip wheel arm 7 being arranged in pairs is involutory by spear 74, and described clip wheel arm 7 and connecting plate 8 are separately fixed at the two ends of rotating disk 72.
The dynamic structure pushing vehicle is arranged on load carrier by the present invention, reduce the structure of propelling movement platform thus reduce the thickness pushing platform, it is suitable for being applied in the vehicle of low chassis, the propelling movement simple in construction having the technical effect that collar tie beam of concrete structure optimization does not has power, more frivolous, adapt to the vehicle of more low chassis, the automobile outbound of tire not gas can be taken out, two drive systems are each independent, simple in construction, gun iron link, failure rate is low, mechanical action transmission is accurate, between equipment mechanism, independence is strong, can directly change, reduce the plant maintenance time, arranging can be the maintenance of rotation formula, road wheel is embedded in inside collar tie beam, save major part space further, make whole platform thinning, volume diminishes, fetch and deliver vehicle more stable.
The clip wheel arm arranged that slides adapts to wheelbase automatically, it is adapted to the wheelbase of all small passenger cars, two groups of clamping dollies are connected by sleeve, so and can adapting to wheelbase change can be with transmission torsion, automatically adapting to the change of coaster displaced position, the connection of connecting plate, telescopic shaft and slide block is all rigidly connected, and the transmission of simple in construction holding action accurately puts in place, the gripping strength connecting output of rigidity is big, it is possible to use heavy-duty off-road vehicle;The screw thread of the both direction of a piece leading screw can realize one and export two actions with axle, is suitable for two clip wheel arms and lifts the action of tire, and such simple in construction is convenient, saves a sets of transmission mechanism;One coaster both sides is provided with two groups of clip wheel arms, and two groups of clip wheel arms are connected on same leading screw, and a leading screw action can drive four clip wheel arms to lift vehicle, and structure simplifies further.
The clip wheel arm being arranged in pairs, the synchronization of clamping it is further ensured that by gear after being engaged, piece telescopic shaft series connection four slide blocks of two clamping devices, eight clip wheel arms use a power source, simple in construction is greatly simplified, the power that not only can change with dolly adaptation wheelbase but also can complete between slide block transmits, and annexation is simple, thus increases the reliability of grasping system;Four-wheel car is clamped respectively by four groups of clamping devices, adheres to that one power source of device can keep the concordance of action for four groups, and adjacent two groups adhere to the interrelated cooperation of device, the most firm, clip wheel arm engages each other, and can adapt to different wheelbases to a greater extent, and synchronicity is good.
Slide block slides in chute, has added lubricating oil for reducing phase mutual friction, slide block arranges oil-through hole, and slide block can be to slide block and chute sufficient lubrication when moving back and forth.
Clip wheel arm arranges cylinder can change into rolling by the sliding friction of clip wheel arm Yu tire, it is to avoid the in-fighting that frictional force is brought, and reduces the internal force of grasping system, increases equipment life, reduces the intensity of internal stress.Machinery garage needs to lift vehicle when moving vehicle, clip wheel arm lifting is the simplest mode, and two clip wheel arms lift a wheel, engage each other holding to synchronize, by connecting plate, capstan winch, clip wheel arm drive mechanism simply, gun iron link mechanical action transmission is accurate, and driving force loss is little;Arranging loading plate under clip wheel arm, clip wheel arm arranges support wheel, and when vehicle is overweight, loading plate plays the effect of auxiliary propclip wheel arm, and the weight transfer born by clip wheel arm is to a loading plate part, it is ensured that the reliability of clip wheel arm;Clip wheel arm arranges sleeve with the position of tire interface, reduces the friction of clip wheel arm and tire, reduces the internal stress of system;Clip wheel arm arranges cylinder can change into rolling by the sliding friction of clip wheel arm Yu tire, it is to avoid the in-fighting that frictional force is brought, and reduces the internal force of grasping system, increases equipment life, reduces the intensity of internal stress.
Owing to tire is departed from ground 20mm by such clamping holding mechanism, wheel nausea foot tubulose clip wheel arm is permissible, but tire QI-insufficiency or will to use clip wheel arm when not having gas be the clip wheel arm of wedge shape shovel, so the tire of gas leakage can be completely disengaged from ground, avoid lifting and after action completes, also have part tire tread to contact with ground, involutory torr shovel can take tire completely in one's arms, increases the contact area of tire and torr shovel, it is to avoid pressure crosses macrolesion tire.It is respectively provided with clip wheel arm at capstan winch two ends and connecting plate forms laborious lever drive, the distance of clip wheel arm is shortened, reduce the stroke of slide block, make connecting plate shorten, in the most limited space, just can hold all of device.
Work process: vehicle stops to presumptive area, through overcorrection, lift motor 10 to start, the through shaft of lower ring beam 3 it is arranged on by reductor, sprocket wheel and chain drive, through shaft 25 two ends telescopic shaft 4 engages, lifting motor 10 drives telescopic shaft 4 to rotate, the first end tooth wheel 111 and the second end tooth wheel 112 that through shaft 25 two ends are engaged with telescopic shaft 4 two ends engage, after lifting motor 10 startup, telescopic shaft 4 rotates the first leading screw 451 and the second leading screw 452 concomitant rotation, and two slide blocks 5 on two slide blocks 5 of the first leading screw 451 and the second leading screw 452 start mobile.
nullAs shown in Fig. 1 to 8 and 11,The first slide block 51 arranged by plus thread 42 and left-hand thread 43 on first leading screw 451 and the second slide block 52 move toward one another under the effect of guide chute 21,Now it is arranged on two groups of clip wheel arms 7 of guide chute 21 both sides under the effect of connecting plate 8, to begin around fixing post 6 rotate,The jig arm 71 being arranged on rotating disk 72 one end rotates with clip wheel arm 7,The clip wheel arm 7 being arranged in pairs is engaged by rotating disk 72,The clip wheel arm 7 being arranged in pairs two jig arm 71 in motor process are closed up,After one of them jig arm contact tire,Owing to coaster 2 is by the power of side,Involutory along with clip wheel arm 7,Coaster 2 can be along slide rail 9 to jig arm 71 1 lateral movement first contacting tire,Along with coaster 2 slides the first leading screw 451 meeting along with movement,Can slide in the first sleeve 441 and series winding sleeve 443 in the two ends of the first leading screw 451,Still will not run out of steam although therefore coaster 2 is mobile;Jig arm 71 continues involutory, until two corresponding jig arm 71 all contact with automobile tire, after two corresponding jig arm 71 all contact with automobile tire, coaster 2 puts in place, the most long wheelbases can self adaptation, the jig arm 71 of two correspondences continues involutory, and such tire can be lifted by jig arm 71, four corresponding four groups of clip wheel arms 7 of wheel of automobile, action synchronizes simultaneously, vehicle lifted liftoff after, lift motor 10 and stop operating;
Clip wheel arm 7 clamps the jig arm 7 of automobile tire can be with the form being torr shovel, as shown in Figure 12,13,14, jig arm to and time, the action that coaster 2 puts in place is constant, when lifting tire, the spear 74 of two involutory jig arm 71 be inserted into wheel bottom and to, such tire can be held up by jig arm 71 completely, when tire does not has gas, tyre surface also will not contact ground, and jig arm 71 arranges roller minimizing friction with the position of tire interface;
Support wheel 20 when vehicle is overweight and loading plate 18 can play the effect disperseing gravity, in increase system robustness minimizing system firmly;
Vehicle lift after action completes, the most just it is delivered to specify parking stall, garage platform is by vehicles drive to predetermined parking stall, after locking, movable motor 15 starts, pass through reductor, drive sprocket 16, chain 19, driven sprocket 33 and power transmission shaft 32 are transferred to push gear 31, pushing gear 31 drives the driving rack 13 being engaged with to move to parking stall, on with, collar tie beam 1 enters the ground in garage close to the road wheel 12 of one end, parking stall, upper collar tie beam 1 enters into parking stall with automobile under the effect pushing gear 31, arrival specific bit postpones, movable motor 15 startup quits work, meanwhile end tooth wheel 11 engages with the gear of other end through shaft 25, now end tooth wheel 11 engages with the gear heterodoxy of through shaft 25, integrate lifting apparatus to be connected with dynamical system again;
When the end tooth wheel 11 of telescopic shaft 4 is disengaged from through shaft 25, can complete self-locking between telescopic shaft 4 and slide block, involutory clip wheel arm 7 will not be opened when departing from power source;
After vehicle puts in place, lifting motor 10 and invert, through through shaft 25 and the transmission of telescopic shaft 4, four groups of involutory clip wheel arms 7 are opened, and vehicle falls naturally in parking stall;
When clip wheel arm 7 is opened, reason due to wheelbase, coaster 2 is not at initial position, therefore have one when one group of involutory clip wheel arm 7 is opened and first touch reset post 22, due to effect coaster 2 adverse movement of power, two can to and clip wheel arm 7 continue to open, until two involutory clip wheel arms 7 all touch reset post 22, now coaster 2 and clip wheel arm 7 all reset, and wait action next time, and the action of four groups of clip wheel arms 7 is identical;
The mark that vehicle has been placed is, coaster 2 and clip wheel arm 7 all reset, now movable motor 15 starts reversion, pushing gear 31 drives upper collar tie beam 1 to return to initial position, during initial position, the gear at through shaft 25 two ends engages with the two ends gear homonymy of telescopic shaft 4, and system of lifting is lifted again motor 10 and is connected, after upper collar tie beam 1 puts in place with power source, walk motor 15 to stop, waiting holding action instruction next time.
Upper collar tie beam 1 can send car to both sides, and the direction of rotation controlling movable motor 15 can complete, and upper collar tie beam 1 arrives appointment position, parking stall and remains the end tooth wheel 11 of telescopic shaft 4 and engage with the gear offside at through shaft 25 two ends.
In whole work process can appointment position, parking stall, on the position such as collar tie beam 1 reset position, clip wheel arm 7 reset position install inductive switch, gathered data by the control system in garage and controlled the work process of whole Transport Vehicle by controller, the everything linking inductive switch of the present invention is non-necessary, the application of such induction of signal position control, those skilled in the art are easy to realize in many ways, therefore do not do too much repeating in the scheme of present patent application.
Particular note is that, the technical program is all that therefore chain is taken turns 11 gullet base at end tooth and set Magnet, lower ring beam 3 arranges induction apparatus, so rotation number of turns of telescopic shaft 4 can be obtained by, thus learn the position of clip wheel arm 7, the information of Hall element is delivered to garage system controller, thus can realize clamping the real-time control of lifting mechanism operating position.
First sleeve the 441, second sleeve 442 and series winding sleeve 443 are arranged on collar tie beam 1 by bearing block 25.
Lift motor 10 to pass through reductor, sprocket wheel and direct geared and end tooth and take turns 11, it is also possible to arrange two and lift motor 10 and engage with the first end tooth wheel 111 and the second end tooth wheel 112 respectively.

Claims (10)

1. an automated machine garage vehicle conveying platform, it is characterised in that: it includes the load carrier of bearing automobile, delivery device and drive mechanism;
nullDescribed load carrier includes: upper collar tie beam (1)、Two clamping devices being arranged on upper collar tie beam (1) by slide rail (9)、Contact the telescopic shaft (4) of two groups of clamping devices、It is arranged on the road wheel (12) that collar tie beam (1) two side bottom is arranged and the driving rack (13) be arrangeding in parallel with road wheel (12) along delivery direction,Every road wheel (12) described in side is two or more,Described road wheel (12) is arranged on upper collar tie beam (1) by walking axle (14),Described clamping device includes: the coaster (2) being arranged on upper collar tie beam (1) by slide rail (9)、The guide chute (21) being fixedly installed on coaster (2)、The slide block (5) that is arranged in chute (21) by telescopic shaft (4) and be arranged on the upper clip wheel arm (7) being arranged in pairs for lifting automobile tire of coaster (2) by fixing axle (6),Described slide block (5) is connected with clip wheel arm (7) by connecting plate (8),It is additionally provided with reset post (22) on described upper collar tie beam (1),Described reset post (22) and clip wheel arm (7) one_to_one corresponding;nullDescribed telescopic shaft (4) sequentially includes: the first end tooth wheel (111)、First axle sleeve (441)、First leading screw (451)、Series winding axle sleeve (443)、Second leading screw (452)、Second axle sleeve (442)、Second end tooth wheel (112),Described first end tooth wheel (111) is fixing with the first axle sleeve (441) to be connected,Described second axle sleeve (442) takes turns with the second end tooth that (112) are fixing to be connected,Described first axle sleeve (441) and the first leading screw (451) grafting,Described first leading screw (451) and the second leading screw (452) respectively with series winding axle sleeve (443) two ends grafting,Described first leading screw (451) is provided with plus thread (42) and left-hand thread (43),The first slide block (51) it is provided with on described plus thread (42),The second slide block (52) it is provided with on described left-hand thread (43),Described first leading screw (451) is identical with the second leading screw (452) structure,Described series winding axle sleeve (443) is fixed on collar tie beam (1);
Described delivery device includes: lower ring beam (3), be arranged on the upper propelling movement gear (31) engaged with driving rack (13) of lower ring beam (3), described propelling movement gear (31) is arranged on lower ring beam (3) by power transmission shaft (32), described power transmission shaft (32) one end is provided with driven sprocket (33), and described telescopic shaft (4) engages with drive mechanism;
Described drive mechanism includes: movable motor (15) is fixed the drive sprocket (16) being connected and lifts motor (10) with movable motor axle, end tooth wheel (11) that described telescopic shaft (4) is arranged by two ends is connected with lifting motor (10), described slide block (5) is hinged with connecting plate (8), described clip wheel arm (7) is hinged with connecting plate (8), and described driven sprocket (33) is connected with drive sprocket (16) by chain (19);
Described upper collar tie beam (1) is pressed on lower ring beam (3) by road wheel (12), and described upper collar tie beam (1) is corresponding with lower ring beam (3).
A kind of automated machine garage the most according to claim 1 vehicle conveying platform, it is characterized in that: the gullet base of described first end tooth wheel (111) is equipped with Magnet (113), Hall element (114) it is provided with on described lower ring beam (3), described Hall element (114) is corresponding with Magnet (113), described movable motor (15) and lift motor (10) and be respectively arranged with current over-load protector, described Hall element (114), current over-load protector outfan is connected with controller input, described controller output end by relay respectively with movable motor (15) and lift motor (10) and be connected.
A kind of automated machine garage the most according to claim 1 and 2 vehicle conveying platform, it is characterized in that: described upper collar tie beam (1) both sides are respectively arranged with driving rack (13), it is corresponding with driving rack (13) that described power transmission shaft (32) two ends are respectively arranged with two propelling movements gear (31), described power transmission shaft (32) is two or more, the briquetting (23) for limiting driving rack (13) position is also set up on described lower ring beam (3), described briquetting (23) is corresponding with pushing gear (31) position, described lower ring beam (3) is provided with and limits the directive wheel (17) that upper collar tie beam (1) moves, described directive wheel (17) is more than four, four the above directive wheels (17) are arranged on collar tie beam (1) both sides.
A kind of automated machine garage the most according to claim 3 vehicle conveying platform, it is characterized in that: described upper collar tie beam (1) cross section is shaped as frame, described road wheel (12) is arranged in upper collar tie beam (1) by walking axle (14), and described road wheel (12) extends upper collar tie beam (1) by the walking hole (121) being arranged on upper collar tie beam (1) and is pressed on lower ring beam (3).
A kind of automated machine garage the most according to claim 3 vehicle conveying platform, it is characterized in that: described lower ring beam (3) cross section is shaped as frame, described power transmission shaft (32) passes lower ring beam (3), described propelling movement gear (31) is arranged in lower ring beam (3) by power transmission shaft (32), and described propelling movement gear (31) is extended lower ring beam (3) by being arranged on the propelling movement hole (34) of lower ring beam (3) and engages with driving rack (13).
nullA kind of automated machine garage the most according to claim 1 vehicle conveying platform,It is characterized in that: the inserted terminal cross section of described first leading screw (451) and the second leading screw (452) and axle sleeve is tetragon or hexagon,The cross sectional shape of described inner hole of shaft sleeve matches with leading screw inserted terminal cross section,Described guide chute (21) is positioned at coaster (2) middle part,Described coaster (2) side is provided with two clip wheel arms (7) being connected with the first slide block (51) and the second slide block (52) respectively by connecting plate (8),Described coaster (2) opposite side is set and is also equipped with two clip wheel arms (7) being connected with the first slide block (51) and the second slide block (52) by connecting plate (8) respectively,Described clip wheel arm (7) includes jig arm (71)、The rotating disk (72) being connected with fixing axle (6) and the rotating shaft (73) hinged with connecting plate (8),Described rotating disk (72) is semicircle fluted disc,Described rotating disk (72) is arranged in pairs and engages.
A kind of automated machine garage the most according to claim 6 vehicle conveying platform, it is characterized in that: also include being arranged on coaster (2) loading plate (18) being positioned at described clip wheel arm (7) lower section, described clip wheel arm (7) is provided with more than one bogie wheel (20), and described bogie wheel (20) is corresponding with loading plate (18).
8. according to a kind of automated machine garage vehicle conveying platform described in any one of claim 6 or 7, it is characterised in that: described guide chute (21) is horizontal groove, and described slide block (5) is provided with oil-through hole (53).
A kind of automated machine garage the most according to claim 8 vehicle conveying platform, it is characterised in that: described jig arm (71) is set with cylinder (76) by more than one bearing (47).
A kind of automated machine garage the most according to claim 8 vehicle conveying platform, it is characterized in that: described clip wheel arm (7) including: spear (74), back chipping (75), the thickness of described clip wheel arm (7) is gradually reduced to spear (74) by back chipping (75), the cross section of described clip wheel arm (7) is wedge shape, the described clip wheel arm (7) being arranged in pairs is involutory by spear (41), and described clip wheel arm (7) and connecting plate (8) are separately fixed at the two ends of rotating disk (72).
CN201410593030.8A 2014-10-30 2014-10-30 A kind of automated machine garage vehicle conveying platform Active CN104358454B (en)

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CN105370072B (en) * 2015-11-30 2017-10-13 兰州远达停车产业有限公司 A kind of hydraulic clamping formula vehicle carrier
CN107288393A (en) * 2016-04-13 2017-10-24 深圳市鸿程科技有限公司 Remove car system and the general Ban Che robots of full vehicle

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CN202220464U (en) * 2011-08-12 2012-05-16 杭州华泽机械研究院有限公司 Manipulator device for three-dimensional garage
CN204212496U (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-03-18 王洋 A kind of automated machine garage vehicle conveying platform

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US5039269A (en) * 1990-03-01 1991-08-13 Yen Tai C Multi-story type automatic parking lot for dense parking
CN2194951Y (en) * 1994-06-23 1995-04-19 梁敏超 Endless high story vehicle parking device
JP2002168000A (en) * 2000-11-29 2002-06-11 Just Corporation:Kk Parking lot structure
CN2634018Y (en) * 2003-05-19 2004-08-18 昆明竭诚工贸有限责任公司 Vertical circulation type parking device
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Effective date of registration: 20191210

Address after: 050000 Room 303, unit 2, building 3, dormitory, Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau, No. 32, huailing Road, Yuhua District, Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province

Patentee after: Huang Chaoying

Address before: 050000 Hebei city of Shijiazhuang province Seattle District Jianguo Road 20-1-102

Patentee before: Wang Yang