CN104355720A - Movable portable solid fermentation device - Google Patents

Movable portable solid fermentation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104355720A
CN104355720A CN201410721814.4A CN201410721814A CN104355720A CN 104355720 A CN104355720 A CN 104355720A CN 201410721814 A CN201410721814 A CN 201410721814A CN 104355720 A CN104355720 A CN 104355720A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fermentation
described
cage
heat exchanger
fermenting case
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410721814.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许修宏
向长玉
任广明
Original Assignee
东北农业大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 东北农业大学 filed Critical 东北农业大学
Priority to CN201410721814.4A priority Critical patent/CN104355720A/en
Publication of CN104355720A publication Critical patent/CN104355720A/en

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/90Apparatus therefor
    • C05F17/914Portable or transportable devices, e.g. transport containers or trucks
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10General improvement of production processes causing greenhouse gases [GHG] emissions
    • Y02P20/12Energy input
    • Y02P20/129Energy recovery
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10General improvement of production processes causing greenhouse gases [GHG] emissions
    • Y02P20/12Energy input
    • Y02P20/133Renewable energy sources
    • Y02P20/134Sunlight
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse
    • Y02W30/43Aerobic fermentation, e.g. composting

Abstract

The invention relates to a movable portable solid fermentation device comprising a blower, a heat exchanger, a heater, a charging and discharging controller, a storage battery, a solar panel, a fermentation box, a support, an air inlet pipe, an air distribution pipe, an air outlet pipe, a fermentation cage and a base, wherein the whole device is arranged on the base and is movable; the fermentation box is a square closed space; the solar panel is positioned on the top of the fermentation box to supply electric energy to the heater; the waste heat of fermentation waste gas in the heat exchanger is used for heating inlet air; and the fermentation cage is a hollow cylindrical container with a steel frame, and comprises an inner wall, an outer wall and a bottom surface which are covered by tough nets, and solid wastes are positioned in an interlayer between the inner wall and the outer wall. The movable portable solid fermentation device disclosed by the invention has the beneficial effects that the fermentation is uniform, a fermented product is stable in quality, the energy consumption is low, and an external power supply is not needed; and the device is movable and is suitable for treating small-scale scattered solid wastes.

Description

A kind of mobile portable solid fermentation device

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of solid waste compost fermentation processing unit, particularly a kind of Portable movable solid waste fermentation processing unit.

Background technology

Along with socioeconomic development, solid waste, the generation as feces of livestock and poultry, domestic refuse etc. is increasing.Being rich in organic and other plant in these solid waste and growing required nutritive factor, is potential resource.If but dealt with the waste that not only can cause resource improperly, also could cause serious environmental pollution.At present, the major technique of solid waste resource recovery, harmless treatment is compost fermentation, and the compost fermentation of mass-producing generally includes bar buttress formula compost fermentation, slot type turns over and throws compost fermentation two kinds of modes.But these two kinds of technology also exist some shortcomings in production application, as ferment uneven, unstable product quality, energy consumption are high.In addition, existing compost fermentation technology all relies on fixing facility and power supply to design, and cannot meet on a small scale, the source of pollution of discrete distribution are to the demand of packaged type Waste Disposal Technology.Therefore, under the social background of current solid waste pollution source diversification, be badly in need of a kind of removable, energy consumption is low, fermentation is even, the compost fermentation technology of product with stable quality.

Summary of the invention

The object of the invention is the technical problem solving above-mentioned existence, provide a kind of removable, energy consumption is low, fermentation is even, the solid waste compost treatment unit of product with stable quality.

For achieving the above object, the technical scheme taked is:

A kind of mobile portable solid fermentation device, comprise blower fan, heat exchanger, well heater, charging and discharging controller, store battery, solar panel, fermenting case, blast pipe, air distribution pipe, air outlet tube, support, fermentation cage, pedestal, described fermenting case is a square enclosed space, described solar panel is positioned at fermenting case top, it is temperature required to ensure in fermenting process that fermenting case is covered with lagging material, described solar panel is connected with charging and discharging controller, charging and discharging controller respectively with store battery, blower fan is connected with well heater, blower fan communicates with heat exchanger, heat exchanger respectively with blower fan, air outlet tube and well heater communicate, be positioned at fermenting case top blast pipe to communicate with air distribution pipe, air outlet tube is positioned at bottom fermenting case, fermentation cage is positioned in fermenting case internal stent, whole device is fixed on pedestal.

Described fermentation cage is the cylindrical container of Framework Of Steel Reinforcement hollow, comprise inwall, outer wall and bottom surface, inwall, outer wall and bottom surface are covered with strong but pliable in texture net, the solid waste be between inwall and outer wall in interlayer can be made to be in the state of aerobic fermentation, upper vessel portion opening, for solid waste import, the difference of the cylinder diameter that fermentation cage outer wall surrounds and the cylinder diameter that inwall surrounds is 60 ~ 200cm, and cylinder height is 30 ~ 200 cm.

In described fermentation cage, because solid waste is in the interlayer that two layers of mesh surrounds, the oxygen in environment can enter interlayer by free diffusing from inside and outside both direction, like this can at each self-forming of the surfaces externally and internally of interlayer 1 aerobic fermentation layer.During the fermentation, keep oxygen concentration >=10% in fermenting case, temperature 35 ~ 60 DEG C, aerobic fermentation process can be completed at fermentation cage.Because the fermentation material in fermentation cage is all in high-temperature aerobic fermentation state, so compost fermentation is even and effective, the composting production steady quality of formation.

In described mobile portable solid fermentation device, the object of reduce energy consumption for reaching, saving running cost, present invention employs following technical measures: the principle one, making full use of Natural compost fermentation, be fermentation material oxygen supply by the mode of air free diffusing, energy consumption is very low; Two, in described heat exchanger, the waste heat in fermentation waste gas is utilized to heat for the first time air intake; Three, the electric energy that described solar panel produces is stored in store battery by described charging and discharging controller, for blower fan and well heater provide electric energy.In whole plant running process, required energy can be provided by self-contained solar cell, does not need external electric energy to input.

Described mobile portable solid fermentation device can be placed on motor vehicle, or on pedestal installing wheel, pulled by motor vehicle, realize removableization of solid waste process.

Adopt technique scheme, acquired beneficial effect is:

1, fermentation evenly, leavened prod steady quality.In fermenting process, keep oxygen concentration >=10% in tunnel, temperature 35 ~ 60 DEG C, aerobic fermentation in fermentation cage can normally carry out, because in fermentation cage, each several part fermentation material is all in aerobic fermentation state, can ensure that fermentation evenly, the leavened prod steady quality of formation;

2, energy consumption is low.The present invention makes full use of the principle of Natural compost fermentation, and be fermentation material oxygen supply by the mode of air free diffusing, energy consumption is low.Meanwhile, the present invention utilizes the heat produced in heat exchanger recovery fermenting process to heat air intake, and utilizes sun power to provide electric energy for blower fan and well heater, completing fermenting process, significantly reducing power consumption when not having extraneous power supply to get involved;

3, removable tupe is formed.Electric energy needed for apparatus of the present invention operation provided by the solar panel that this device is self-contained, not by the restriction of external stability power supply.Like this, this device can be combined with motor vehicle, realizes removableization of solid waste process.This invention has special advantage for the offal treatment of the remote districts not having supply of electric power.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is contrive equipment structural representation.

Fig. 2 is fermentation basket structure schematic diagram.

In figure, be respectively labeled as: 1. blower fan, 2. heat exchanger, 3. store battery, 4. charging and discharging controller, 5. well heater, 6. air outlet tube, 7. blast pipe, 8. fermentation cage, 9. air distribution pipe, 10. solar panel, 11. fermenting cases, 12. supports, 13. pedestals.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.

A kind of mobile portable solid fermentation device, comprise blower fan 1, heat exchanger 2, well heater, charging and discharging controller 4, store battery 3, solar panel 10, fermenting case 11, support 12, blast pipe 7, air distribution pipe 9, air outlet tube 6, fermentation cage 8, pedestal 13, fermenting case 11 is a square enclosed space, the solar panel 10 that its top covers is connected with charging and discharging controller 4, charging and discharging controller 4 respectively with store battery 3, blower fan 1 is connected with well heater 5, blower fan 1 communicates with heat exchanger 2, heat exchanger 2 respectively with blower fan 1, air outlet tube 6 and well heater 5 communicate, fermenting case 11 outside is covered with lagging material, communicate with air distribution pipe 9 at fermenting case 11 top blast pipe 7, air outlet tube 6 is positioned at bottom fermenting case 11, fermentation cage 8 is positioned in fermenting case 11 internal stent 12.

Described fermentation cage 8 is the cylindrical container of Framework Of Steel Reinforcement hollow, comprise inwall 14, outer wall 15 and bottom surface 16, inwall 14, outer wall 15 and bottom surface 16 are covered with strong but pliable in texture net, upper vessel portion opening, for solid waste import, the difference of the cylinder diameter that fermentation cage 8 outer wall 15 surrounds and the cylinder diameter that inwall 14 surrounds is 60 ~ 200cm, and cylinder height is 30 ~ 200 cm.

In composting fermentation process, the interlayer that the two layers of mesh that solid waste is positioned at fermentation cage 8 surrounds, oxygen in environment can enter interlayer by free diffusing from inside and outside both direction, in 2 aerobic fermentation layers that interlayer surfaces externally and internally is formed, fermentable decomposes solid waste, simultaneously releases heat, and fermentation material and envrionment temperature are raised, the high-temp waste gas produced enters heat exchanger 2 by the air outlet tube 6 be positioned at bottom fermenting case 11, heats for the first time air intake.The electric energy that solar panel 10 produces is stored in store battery 3 through charging and discharging controller 4, and provides electric energy for blower fan 1 and well heater 5.By the fresh air of blower fan 1 after heat exchanger 2 and well heater 5 heat, entering fermenting case by blast pipe 7, is fermentation cage 8 oxygen supply in fermenting case 11 via air distribution pipe 9.

Described mobile portable solid fermentation dress is installed on pedestal 13, and whole device can be placed on motor vehicle, or on pedestal 13 installing wheel, pulled by motor vehicle, realize removableization of solid waste process.

Claims (5)

1. a mobile portable solid fermentation device, it is characterized in that, this device comprises blower fan, heat exchanger, well heater, charging and discharging controller, store battery, solar panel, fermenting case, support, blast pipe, air distribution pipe, air outlet tube, fermentation cage, pedestal, described fermenting case is the square space that an outside closed has thermal insulation layer, described solar panel is positioned at fermenting case top, solar panel is connected with charging and discharging controller, charging and discharging controller respectively with store battery, blower fan is connected with well heater, blower fan communicates with heat exchanger, heat exchanger respectively with blower fan, air outlet tube and well heater communicate, be positioned at fermenting case top blast pipe to communicate with air distribution pipe, air outlet tube is positioned at bottom fermenting case, fermentation cage is positioned in fermenting case internal stent.
2. mobile portable solid fermentation device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described fermentation cage is the cylindrical container of Framework Of Steel Reinforcement hollow, comprise inwall, outer wall and bottom surface, inwall, outer wall and bottom surface are covered with strong but pliable in texture net, solid waste to be between inwall and outer wall in interlayer, fermentation cage upper opening, for solid waste import, the difference of the cylinder diameter that fermentation cage outer wall surrounds and the cylinder diameter that inwall surrounds is 60 ~ 200cm, and cylinder height is 30 ~ 200 cm.
3. mobile portable solid fermentation device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described heat exchanger, and the waste heat in the waste gas that fermentation produces heats air intake.
4. mobile portable solid fermentation device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the electric energy that described solar panel produces is stored in described store battery by charging and discharging controller, for described blower fan and well heater provide electric energy.
5. mobile portable solid fermentation device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described mobile portable solid fermentation device is installed on described pedestal, and whole device by vehicle-mounted, can realize removableization of solid waste process.
CN201410721814.4A 2014-12-03 2014-12-03 Movable portable solid fermentation device CN104355720A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410721814.4A CN104355720A (en) 2014-12-03 2014-12-03 Movable portable solid fermentation device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410721814.4A CN104355720A (en) 2014-12-03 2014-12-03 Movable portable solid fermentation device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104355720A true CN104355720A (en) 2015-02-18

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104844280A (en) * 2015-04-26 2015-08-19 浙江盛秀源环境工程有限公司 Solar energy domestic garbage treatment device and treatment method thereof
CN105218186A (en) * 2015-11-03 2016-01-06 滕振亚 The fertile fermentation tunnel of container-type straw biological
CN105294189A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-02-03 秦玲 Fermentation stirrer
CN105418185A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-03-23 秦玲 Fermentation stirrer
CN105719889A (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-06-29 南昌大学 Energy-saving heating and dehumidification device built in high-voltage SF6 circuit breaker

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201201946Y (en) * 2008-04-07 2009-03-04 缪淑华 Air pressure balanced self-controlled fermentation plant
CN101864358A (en) * 2010-06-10 2010-10-20 贵州大学 Continuous solar biomass energy fermentation device
CN201737857U (en) * 2010-05-26 2011-02-09 昆明光宝生物技术工程有限公司 Fermentation device for biodegradable solid waste
CN201817417U (en) * 2010-10-22 2011-05-04 宁波大学 Ecological composting device of organic garbage
CN202350060U (en) * 2011-11-28 2012-07-25 南通亿能彩钢板有限公司 Waste gas incineration heat cyclic utilization system
CN103100548A (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-05-15 黄陈超 Rapid fermentation technology of organic garbage
CN103555573A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-02-05 大连创达技术交易市场有限公司 Fermentation device and use method thereof
CN203653454U (en) * 2014-01-08 2014-06-18 天津泰达园林建设有限公司 Automatic fermentation device for treating garden waste by utilizing solar energy

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201201946Y (en) * 2008-04-07 2009-03-04 缪淑华 Air pressure balanced self-controlled fermentation plant
CN201737857U (en) * 2010-05-26 2011-02-09 昆明光宝生物技术工程有限公司 Fermentation device for biodegradable solid waste
CN101864358A (en) * 2010-06-10 2010-10-20 贵州大学 Continuous solar biomass energy fermentation device
CN201817417U (en) * 2010-10-22 2011-05-04 宁波大学 Ecological composting device of organic garbage
CN202350060U (en) * 2011-11-28 2012-07-25 南通亿能彩钢板有限公司 Waste gas incineration heat cyclic utilization system
CN103100548A (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-05-15 黄陈超 Rapid fermentation technology of organic garbage
CN103555573A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-02-05 大连创达技术交易市场有限公司 Fermentation device and use method thereof
CN203653454U (en) * 2014-01-08 2014-06-18 天津泰达园林建设有限公司 Automatic fermentation device for treating garden waste by utilizing solar energy

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104844280A (en) * 2015-04-26 2015-08-19 浙江盛秀源环境工程有限公司 Solar energy domestic garbage treatment device and treatment method thereof
CN105218186A (en) * 2015-11-03 2016-01-06 滕振亚 The fertile fermentation tunnel of container-type straw biological
CN105294189A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-02-03 秦玲 Fermentation stirrer
CN105418185A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-03-23 秦玲 Fermentation stirrer
CN105294189B (en) * 2015-11-04 2018-09-11 秦玲 A kind of stirrer for fermentation
CN105719889A (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-06-29 南昌大学 Energy-saving heating and dehumidification device built in high-voltage SF6 circuit breaker

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Application publication date: 20150218