A kind of ribs of the fan processing machine
The present invention relates to bamboo wood manufacture field, particularly a kind of ribs of the fan processing machine making ribs of the fan.
Fan kind is different, and manufacture skill is far from each other.Make with regard to bamboo folding fan and say, must by bamboo wood after boiling, shine, split, be shaped, toast, polish, or engraving or coat with lacquer paint and inlay, then follow closely through scalding, assemble covering of the fan, just can complete.And bamboo fan is mainly reflected in the processing technology of ribs of the fan.Large bone, has fancy and the large class of plain formula two.Fancy is meander configuration or beam, subsides beam type, and plain formula is flat type.Two classes have dividing of width, length.
Traditional ribs of the fan is by the endways compression of rectangular for multi-disc bamboo wood when making, being polished to by sanding apparatus, the patent of invention being CN102689257A as application publication number discloses a kind of ribs of the fan processing machine, comprise frame, described frame is provided with emery wheel, described emery wheel is connected with motor, described frame is connected with slide plate, described slide plate is provided with fixture and cylinder, described fixture comprises geometrical clamp and live splint, described live splint is connected with cylinder by push rod, described fixture can near emery wheel until below emery wheel under the promotion of slide plate, described frame is positioned at emery wheel side and is provided with sparge pipe.Present invention employs plant equipment to process ribs of the fan, complete ribs of the fan better, faster and to polish this step, improve efficiency, save human cost, the production of large-scale can fan simultaneously, made the processing of traditional-handwork enter mechanization production.But this ribs of the fan processing machine produces a large amount of heat in bruting process to be needed to lower the temperature by the mode of water punching, and both waste water resources, again because the chemical substances such as lubricant are molten in the middle of water, cause environmental pollution.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of processing machine utilizing planing mode to carry out ribs of the fan processing, not only avoid the waste of great lot of water resources and the pollution of environment in process, also improve the working (machining) efficiency of ribs of the fan.
Above-mentioned technical purpose of the present invention is achieved by the following technical programs: a kind of ribs of the fan processing machine, comprise frame,
delivery device, side executing agency one, side executing agency two and end face executing agency and control the control system of described delivery device and executing agency.
Delivery device is used for conveying and compresses blank, and side executing agency one and side executing agency two are for processing the side of blank, and end face executing agency is used for processing the end face of blank.
Delivery device and described side executing agency one and described side executing agency two cocurrent and parallel are arranged, and described end face executing agency is vertical with described delivery device to be arranged.
delivery devicecomprise passage for placing blank and perpendicular to the compacting part of described channel setting for pinch off channel;
side executing agency onecomprise the closed slide be arranged in described frame, the connecting plate be socketed on described closed slide, be fixedly connected with described connecting plate and moved around on described closed slide by described connecting plate and the side cutting assembly one of movement and the side cutting assembly drive unit one that drives described side cutting assembly one to move around on described closed slide;
described side executing agency two comprisesswing pinion, the rack rails, the side cutting assembly two be connected with described rack rails that coordinate with described swing pinion and drive described side cutting assembly two at the side cutting assembly drive unit two that described rack rails moves around;
described end face executing agencycomprise be fixedly installed on described frame side and perpendicular to the cross slide way of described closed slide, the cross connecting plate be enclosed within described cross slide way, to be fixedly connected with described cross connecting plate and to be moved around on described cross slide way by described cross connecting plate and the ends cutting assembly of movement and the ends cutting assembly drive means that drives described ends cutting assembly to move around on described cross slide way;
side executing agency one also comprisespause travel switch, reversion travel switch, described pause travel switch, reversion travel switch are electrically connected with described control system; Described
end face executing agency also comprises limitation travel switch, and described limitation travel switch is electrically connected with described control system.
As preferably, described
passage comprisesthe fixed head be fixedly connected with described frame and be arrangeding in parallel with described fixed head and the portable plate be connected with described compacting part, arranges support bar between described fixed head and described portable plate; Described portable plate is arranged through the through hole of described support bar, described compacting part slides to reduce or expand the distance between described portable plate and described fixed head by compressing described portable plate on described support bar.
As preferably, described compacting part comprises the cylinder perpendicular to described portable plate.
Several blank holdings operationally, are vertically emitted in passage, are stepped up by cylinder to portable plate, then processed by executing agency by this ribs of the fan processing machine.
As preferably, described fixed head and described portable plate arrange locating slot respectively, described locating slot is arranged on one section near described end face executing agency.
Ribs of the fan arranges locating hole by subterminal one section, when cutting processing, avoids several blank relative dislocation, to be placed in locating slot to locate with alignment pin through locating hole.
As preferably, the side of described fixed head and described portable plate is provided with two sections of profiling contour segments, be respectively thick shape profiling contour segment and thin shape profiling contour segment, the outline line of described thick shape profiling contour segment and thin shape profiling contour segment all adapts with the outline line of ribs of the fan side.
Because the profile of ribs of the fan side comprises thick shape contour segment and thin shape contour segment, so portable plate is arranged thick shape profiling contour segment and thin shape profiling contour segment, to coordinate the outline line of ribs of the fan side, during cutting processing, side blade is consistent with the outline line of ribs of the fan side with the cutting path of sharpener, damage to blank when avoiding cutting, also improves the cutting accuracy of stock side.
described side cutting assembly onecomprise side knife rest, the rotatable side cutter shaft be arranged on the knife rest of described side, be connected to cutter shaft one end, described side near described passage side
side bladewith the side electric rotating machine driving described side cutter shaft to rotate; The other end of described side cutter shaft arranges cutter shaft rotary connector, and the side cutter shaft described in the cutter shaft rotary connector described in described electric rotating machine connects drives rotates.
Side cutter shaft travels forward rotatably and drives side blade to carry out thin shape contour segment cutting process to blank on closed slide.
As preferably, described side knife rest is also fixedly connected with connector, the described side blade other end and described connector rotate and are socketed.
Because in cutting process, the resistance that side blade is subject to blank is very large, at the two ends of blade all connection rotating shafts, avoids causing blade disturbance.
described side cutting assembly two compriseslink and the knife rest fixed mount be arranged on described rack rails, described knife rest fixed mount one end is arranged
sharpener, described cutting assembly drive unit two is set to sharpener cylinder.
As preferably, described frame is also fixedly installed link, described link is fixedly connected with and is separately positioned on the above and below fixed idler whell of described knife rest fixed mount.
In cutting process, blank may cause sharpener to tilt to the resistance of sharpener and can not carry out precise cutting according to ribs of the fan outline line, arranges two fast pulleys up and down respectively, can alleviate the resistance of blank to sharpener at knife rest fixed mount.
described ends cutting assembly comprises face tool post, is arranged on described face tool postrotatable end face cutter shaft, the end face blade being arranged on described end face cutter shaft upper end and the end face electric rotating machine driving described end face cutter shaft to rotate, described end face electric rotating machine is connected with the lower end of described end face cutter shaft.
End face cutter shaft moves right at cross slide way rotatably and drives end face blade to carry out lower end cutting process to blank.
In sum, the present invention arranges three groups of cutting assemblies, disposablely can complete the cutting process that one side meets ribs of the fan shape, and do not need with water for cooling in cutting process, it also avoid the situation adding lubricant and contaminated environment, ribs of the fan Forming Quality is stablized, and improves the working (machining) efficiency of ribs of the fan.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is top view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is right view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is front view of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of delivery device of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the left view of side executing agency two of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation that the present invention has the ribs of the fan of flat end;
In figure, 1, frame, 2, delivery device, 21, passage, 211, fixed head, 212, portable plate, 213, support bar, 214, through hole, 215, cylinder, 216, locating slot, 217, thick shape profiling contour segment, 218, thin shape profiling contour segment, 22, compacting part, 3, side executing agency one, 31, closed slide, 32, connecting plate, 33, side cutting assembly one, 331, side knife rest, 332, side cutter shaft, 333, side blade, 334, side electric rotating machine, 335, cutter shaft rotary connector, 336, connector, 4, side executing agency two, 41, swing pinion, 42, rack rails, 43, side cutting assembly two, 431, link, 432, knife rest fixed mount, 433, sharpener, 434, fixed idler whell, 435, sharpener cylinder, 5, end face executing agency, 51, cross slide way, 52, cross connecting plate, 53, ends cutting assembly, 531, face tool post, 532, end face cutter shaft, 533, end face blade, 534, end face electric rotating machine, 6a, pause contact one, 6b, pause contact two, 7a, reversion contact one, 7b, reversion contact two, 8a, spacing contact one, 8b, spacing contact 2.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.
As shown in figs 1 to 6, ribs of the fan processing machine, comprises frame 1, is arranged on delivery device 2, three groups of executing agencies in frame 1 and controls the control system of delivery device 2 and executing agency.The passage 21 that delivery device 2 comprises fixed head 211 and portable plate 212 formation and three cylinders 215 arranged perpendicular to passage 21, three support bars 213 are set between fixed head 211 and portable plate 212, portable plate 212 is arranged the through hole 214 that support bar 213 passes through, portable plate 212, under the effect of cylinder 215, coordinates with fixed head 211 and compresses blank.
As shown in Figure 7, ribs of the fan comprises thin contour segment 91 and wide contour segment 92 and end face segmental arc 93.Definition is forward from end face segmental arc 93 to the cutting process of thin contour segment 91, and the cutting process from thin contour segment 91 to wide contour segment 92 is reverse.
Specifically as shown in Figure 2, side executing agency 1 comprises on closed slide 31, closed slide 31 and is socketed with fixation side side tool post 331 on connecting plate 32, connecting plate 32, knife rest is fixed side cutter shaft 332 and connector 336, side blade 333 is arranged in the middle of cutter shaft 332 and connector 336, electric rotating machine 334 is with movable arbor rotary connector 335 to rotate, side blade 333 rotate process in closed slide 31 forward is to ribs of the fan thin contour segment cut.
side executing agency 1 also comprises and to be electrically connected with control systempause travel switch, reversion travel switch, pause travel switch comprises pause contact one 6a be arranged on connecting plate 32 and pause contact two 6b be arranged in frame 1.Reversion travel switch comprises reversion contact one 7a that is arranged on before contact one 6a that connecting plate 32 pauses in forward cutting process and is arranged on reversion contact two 7b before contact two 6b that frame 1 pauses in forward cutting process.Pause contact one 6a can only reversely lift.
The rack rails 42 that side executing agency 24 comprises swing pinion 41 and is mated, rack rails 42 is arranged link 431, link 431 comprises each two fast pulleys 434 up and down, knife rest fixed mount 432 is set between fast pulley 434, knife rest fixed mount 432 one end arranges sharpener 433, and sharpener cylinder 435 promotes knife rest fixed mount 432 and cuts coarse contour section in ribs of the fan to delivery device 2 direction.
End face executing agency 5 comprises cross slide way 51, the connecting plate 52 be socketed on cross slide way 51, face tool post 531, end face cutter shaft 532, end face electric rotating machine 534 are connected with end face cutter shaft 532 lower end, and end face blade 533 cuts to delivery device 2 direction ribs of the fan end face segmental arc in the process rotated on cross slide way 51.End face executing agency 5 also comprises
be electrically connected with control systemlimitation travel switch, limitation travel switch comprises the spacing contact 8a be arranged on the cross connecting plate 52 and spacing contact 8b be arranged on below frame 1 upper side knife rest 331.
During work, first several stock side be superimposed are stood in passage 21 upward, be placed on locating slot 216 with alignment pin through locating hole to locate, then cylinder 215 is started by compressing portable plate 212 pairs of blank holdings, side blade 333 in the process rotated on closed slide 31 forward to ribs of the fan in thin contour segment cut, when reversion travel switch 7 liang of contact, side blade 333 starts to return, when two contact of pause travel switch 6, the one stroke of side executing agency 1 terminates, and completes the cutting to the thin contour segment of ribs of the fan.
Meanwhile, end face blade 533 cuts ribs of the fan end face segmental arc in the process rotated on cross slide way 51, and when two contact of limitation travel switch 8, end face blade 533 starts to return.Because the stroke of end face executing agency 5 is less than the stroke of side executing agency 1, so side blade 333 and end face blade 533 can not bump against.
When side blade 333 starts to return, sharpener 433 is reverse under the promotion of sharpener cylinder 435 to be cut coarse contour section.