CN104353147A - 一种婴幼儿安全输液车 - Google Patents

一种婴幼儿安全输液车 Download PDF

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CN104353147A
CN104353147A CN201410666704.2A CN201410666704A CN104353147A CN 104353147 A CN104353147 A CN 104353147A CN 201410666704 A CN201410666704 A CN 201410666704A CN 104353147 A CN104353147 A CN 104353147A
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infusion
transfusion
tube
microprocessor
infant
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孙晓娟
顾希
徐�明
王健
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Nantong First Peoples Hospital
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Nantong First Peoples Hospital
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G12/00Accommodation for nursing, e.g. in hospitals, not covered by groups A61G1/00 - A61G11/00, e.g. trolleys for transport of medicaments or food; Prescription lists
    • A61G12/002Supply appliances, e.g. columns for gas, fluid, electricity supply
    • A61G12/008Supply appliances, e.g. columns for gas, fluid, electricity supply mounted on a mobile base, e.g. on a trolley
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G5/00Chairs or personal conveyances specially adapted for patients or disabled persons, e.g. wheelchairs
    • A61G5/003Wheelchairs attached to a cycle steerable by an attendant
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/14Infusion devices, e.g. infusing by gravity; Blood infusion; Accessories therefor
    • A61M5/1414Hanging-up devices
    • A61M5/1417Holders or handles for hanging up infusion containers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/14Infusion devices, e.g. infusing by gravity; Blood infusion; Accessories therefor
    • A61M5/168Means for controlling media flow to the body or for metering media to the body, e.g. drip meters, counters ; Monitoring media flow to the body
    • A61M5/16804Flow controllers
    • A61M5/16813Flow controllers by controlling the degree of opening of the flow line
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M5/00Devices for bringing media into the body in a subcutaneous, intra-vascular or intramuscular way; Accessories therefor, e.g. filling or cleaning devices, arm-rests
    • A61M5/14Infusion devices, e.g. infusing by gravity; Blood infusion; Accessories therefor
    • A61M5/168Means for controlling media flow to the body or for metering media to the body, e.g. drip meters, counters ; Monitoring media flow to the body
    • A61M5/16831Monitoring, detecting, signalling or eliminating infusion flow anomalies

Abstract

本发明公开了一种婴幼儿安全输液车,包括输液车主体,所述输液车主体上方悬挂有输液瓶,输液瓶上带有输液管,所述输液管上设置有测定药液滴速的光电传感器和调节药液滴速的调速滚轮,所述光电传感器通过信号处理电路连接到微处理器,微处理器通过步进电机驱动调速滚轮。本发明婴幼儿安全输液车,节省看护的人力,减轻家长的负担,减少孩子的痛苦,减轻护士的工作量,避免输液意外的发生,保持输液滴速的恒定,护士根据孩子年龄及病情调节输液车的滴速恒定输液装置,输液速度不会发生波动。

Description

一种婴幼儿安全输液车
技术领域
[0001] 本发明涉及婴幼儿医疗,特别涉及一种婴幼儿安全输液车。
背景技术
[0002] 临床上婴幼儿输液一般选择头皮及四肢静脉穿刺,目前各家医院儿科病房大多采用浅静脉置管,虽然置管针较钢针看护方便,不容易脱出导致补液外渗,但家属必须一直将患儿搂抱在怀中,并固定住双上肢,以防小儿用手抓针,如果家长注意力稍有分散,就会导致小儿将针抓掉,再重新穿刺,增加了小儿的痛苦,也破坏了静脉,增加了护士的工作量;因婴幼儿无自制力,且输液速度慢、输液时间长,婴幼儿不能配合在病房安静的输液,会要求家属带其四处转悠,这就迫使家长会一个人举着输液杆,一个人抱着小孩到处跑,家长这样的行为会引起以下几点不良后果:
(I)小儿离开了护士的视线范围,导致护士无法按时巡视,万一发生了输液反应,护士不能在第一时间发现并处理,有可能会危及小儿的生命。
[0003] (2)家长举着输液杆,高度不一,或上或下,会导致输液滴速发生改变,过快会导致小儿发生心力衰竭,过慢输液时间太长,会影响药物的效果。
[0004] (3)家长长时间抱着孩子,非常疲劳,稍有一点放松,都会发生小儿忽然用手抓针,导致针尖移位或脱出,而当时家长抱着孩子离开了病房,脱离了护士的视线,护士不能立即发现,补液会发生外渗,导致孩子头部或四肢发生水肿,如果是对血管刺激性较大的药物,还会引起皮肤发生坏死。
[0005] (4)临床工作中护士会花费较多精力用于宣教及寻找孩子,费时费力。
发明内容
[0006] 本发明目的是:提供一种婴幼儿安全输液车。
[0007] 本发明的技术方案是:
一种婴幼儿安全输液车,包括输液车主体,所述输液车主体上方悬挂有输液瓶,输液瓶上带有输液管,所述输液管上设置有测定药液滴速的光电传感器和调节药液滴速的调速滚轮,所述光电传感器通过信号处理电路连接到微处理器,微处理器通过步进电机驱动调速滚轮。
[0008] 优选的,所述光电传感器包括一红外发射管和与之对应的光电接收管。
[0009] 优选的,所述微处理器采用带有射频模块的CC2530无线片上单片机。
[0010] 优选的,所述微处理器还连接有天线。
[0011] 优选的,所述微处理器还连接有触控屏。
[0012] 优选的,所述输液管中部带有莫菲氏滴管,所述所述光电传感器的红外发射管和光电接收管置于莫菲氏滴管的两侧。
[0013] 优选的,所述天线将输液管滴速信号发送到护士站的无线接收端。
[0014] 进一步优选的,所述微处理器还连接有音乐播放器。
[0015] 具体的,所述输液车主体上带有约束带,用于绑缚婴幼儿的上肢。
[0016] 本发明的有益效果有:
1.节省看护的人力:看护由原来的两人以上现在只需要一个人就可以;
2.减轻家长的负担:现在家长只需要推着输液车,打开音乐播放器播放孩子喜爱的儿歌或故事;
3.减少孩子的痛苦:家长只需要把孩子放进车里,用约束带固定孩子的上肢,就可以避免孩子用手抓针,导致反复穿刺;
4.减轻护士的工作量:护士不需要花费大量时间反复宣教家长以及寻找孩子,现在只要孩子离开定位距离,护士就能及时发现并立即给与制止;
5.避免输液意外的发生:孩子坐在输液车内,始终在护士的视线范围内,护士能按时巡视,及时发现孩子病情变化及时给予处理;
6.保持输液滴速的恒定:输液车的滴速恒定输液装置,护士根据孩子年龄及病情调节好滴速后,输液速度不会发生波动。
附图说明
[0017] 下面结合附图及实施例对本发明作进一步描述:
图1为本发明所述的婴幼儿安全输液车的结构原理图。
具体实施方式
[0018] 本发明所述的婴幼儿安全输液车,包括输液车主体,所述输液车主体上方悬挂有输液瓶,输液瓶上带有输液管,如图1所示,所述输液管上设置有测定药液滴速的光电传感器和调节药液滴速的调速滚轮,所述光电传感器包括一红外发射管和与之对应的光电接收管。所述输液管中部带有莫菲氏滴管,所述所述光电传感器的红外发射管和光电接收管置于莫菲氏滴管的两侧。
[0019] 所述光电传感器通过信号处理电路连接到微处理器,微处理器通过步进电机驱动调速滚轮。所述微处理器采用带有射频模块的CC2530无线片上单片机。
[0020] 所述微处理器还连接有天线、触控屏和音乐播放器,天线将输液管滴速信号发送到护士站的无线接收端。家长只需要把孩子放进车里,用约束带固定孩子的双上肢,就可以避免孩子用手抓针,家长推着输液车,打开音乐播放器播放孩子喜爱的儿歌或故事;护士不需要花费大量时间反复宣教家长以及寻找孩子,现在只要孩子离开定位距离,护士就能及时发现并立即给与制止;孩子坐在输液车内,始终在护士的视线范围内,护士能按时巡视,及时发现孩子病情变化及时给予处理。
[0021] 上述实施例只为说明本发明的技术构思及特点,其目的在于让熟悉此项技术的人能够了解本发明的内容并据以实施,并不能以此限制本发明的保护范围。凡根据本发明主要技术方案的精神实质所做的修饰,都应涵盖在本发明的保护范围之内。

Claims (9)

1.一种婴幼儿安全输液车,包括输液车主体,所述输液车主体上方悬挂有输液瓶,输液瓶上带有输液管,其特征在于,所述输液管上设置有测定药液滴速的光电传感器和调节药液滴速的调速滚轮,所述光电传感器通过信号处理电路连接到微处理器,微处理器通过步进电机驱动调速滚轮。
2.根据权利要求1所述的婴幼儿安全输液车,其特征在于:所述光电传感器包括一红外发射管和与之对应的光电接收管。
3.根据权利要求1所述的婴幼儿安全输液车,其特征在于:所述微处理器采用带有射频模块的CC2530无线片上单片机。
4.根据权利要求3所述的婴幼儿安全输液车,其特征在于:所述微处理器还连接有天线。
5.根据权利要求3所述的婴幼儿安全输液车,其特征在于:所述微处理器还连接有触控屏。
6.根据权利要求2所述的婴幼儿安全输液车,其特征在于:所述输液管中部带有莫菲氏滴管,所述所述光电传感器的红外发射管和光电接收管置于莫菲氏滴管的两侧。
7.根据权利要求4所述的婴幼儿安全输液车,其特征在于:所述天线将输液管滴速信号发送到护士站的无线接收端。
8.根据权利要求3所述的婴幼儿安全输液车,其特征在于:所述微处理器还连接有音乐播放器。
9.根据权利要求3所述的婴幼儿安全输液车,其特征在于:所述输液车主体上带有约束带,用于绑缚婴幼儿的上肢。
CN201410666704.2A 2014-11-20 2014-11-20 一种婴幼儿安全输液车 Pending CN104353147A (zh)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104983530A (zh) * 2015-05-07 2015-10-21 逯元军 小儿外科治疗护理装置
CN104998319A (zh) * 2015-07-16 2015-10-28 李烨 可移动的儿童输液座椅

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201154122Y (zh) * 2008-01-30 2008-11-26 浦卫 红外线输液监控装置
CN201337705Y (zh) * 2008-12-17 2009-11-04 来璇 新型婴儿输液车
CN203123177U (zh) * 2013-04-03 2013-08-14 范征美 一种儿童输液用椅
CN104001228A (zh) * 2014-06-13 2014-08-27 南通大学 急救快速输血装置
CN204233529U (zh) * 2014-11-20 2015-04-01 南通市第一人民医院 一种婴幼儿安全输液车

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201154122Y (zh) * 2008-01-30 2008-11-26 浦卫 红外线输液监控装置
CN201337705Y (zh) * 2008-12-17 2009-11-04 来璇 新型婴儿输液车
CN203123177U (zh) * 2013-04-03 2013-08-14 范征美 一种儿童输液用椅
CN104001228A (zh) * 2014-06-13 2014-08-27 南通大学 急救快速输血装置
CN204233529U (zh) * 2014-11-20 2015-04-01 南通市第一人民医院 一种婴幼儿安全输液车

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104983530A (zh) * 2015-05-07 2015-10-21 逯元军 小儿外科治疗护理装置
CN104998319A (zh) * 2015-07-16 2015-10-28 李烨 可移动的儿童输液座椅

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