CN104351108A - Fish feeding device - Google Patents

Fish feeding device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104351108A
CN104351108A CN201410709398.6A CN201410709398A CN104351108A CN 104351108 A CN104351108 A CN 104351108A CN 201410709398 A CN201410709398 A CN 201410709398A CN 104351108 A CN104351108 A CN 104351108A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fish
cylindrical shell
feed
impeller
fish device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201410709398.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104351108B (en
Inventor
张锐杰
王俊亮
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HIGH SCHOOL ATTACHED TO SHANDONG NORMAL UNIVERSITY
Original Assignee
HIGH SCHOOL ATTACHED TO SHANDONG NORMAL UNIVERSITY
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by HIGH SCHOOL ATTACHED TO SHANDONG NORMAL UNIVERSITY filed Critical HIGH SCHOOL ATTACHED TO SHANDONG NORMAL UNIVERSITY
Priority to CN201410709398.6A priority Critical patent/CN104351108B/en
Publication of CN104351108A publication Critical patent/CN104351108A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104351108B publication Critical patent/CN104351108B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/80Feeding devices

Abstract

The invention relates to a fish feeding device. The fish feeding device comprises a support body, a feed bin, a throwing component and a power input component, wherein the throwing component is communicated with the feed bin, and the power input component is used for driving a rotary feed outlet of the throwing component to rotate; a directional disc is mounted in the rotary feed outlet. The fish feeding device is characterized by further comprising a floating cup which is mounted at the bottom of the support body, wherein a bracket is further mounted at the bottom of the floating cup, a fish detecting sonar which is used for detecting fish stocks is mounted on the bottom face of the bracket and transmits obtained detection signals into a controller, and the controller feeds back output signals to a motor of the power input component. According to the device, a structural basis is provided for flexible feeding.

Description

A kind of hello fish device
Technical field
The present invention relates to the feeding device of a kind of fish, especially relate to a kind of floating type automatic detection and shed hello fish device.
Background technology
Existing scattering type feeds fish device, in order to the control of cost, and the motor using rotating speed certain more, but fix due to speed, be difficult to obtain and different shed distance, this just substantially reduces the coverage of feed, and bunch when causing fish to eat bait robs food phenomenon.Neither one automation equipment simultaneously, mostly be artificial feed, and rely on experience to shed the fish material quantity of feeding, and do not have the reference of exact value, waste of manpower again, automaticity is very low.On the other hand, shed and feed fish device and shed to be limited in scope and can not reach 360 comprehensive shedding without dead angle, the small and weak fish of physique eats less than enough bait, finally causes that individual growth is not of uniform size to be caused.Palpus hand picking during sale, increase labour intensity, man-hour extends, price is low, affect economic benefit, fish feeding machine is fixed on bank or pond central authorities more simultaneously, ideal shedding distance to obtain, will inevitably physical dimension be increased, so its flexibility of this larger size constrained, make it directly to float on the water surface, be difficult to be applied in hello the fish process in rivers marine site.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the shortcoming existed in prior art, there is provided a kind of and feed fish device, it provides architecture basics for obtaining the different omnibearing scopes of shedding of Distance geometry of shedding, the technical scheme adopted is: a kind of hello fish device, comprise supporter, feed bin, what be communicated with described feed bin sheds parts, and the power input part that the rotating discharge port shedding parts described in driving rotates, directed dish is housed in described rotating discharge port, it is characterized in that: described fish device of feeding also comprises the floating cup be arranged on bottom supporter, also support is housed in the bottom of described floating cup, the bottom surface of described support is equipped with the fish finding sonar of detecting fish school, the signal input part of described fish finding sonar connection control device, the control signal output of described controller is connected with by the motor of described power input part.
Technical characteristic of the present invention also has: extend to the pan feeding passage of directed dish from the feeding mouth of feed bin and be provided with autocontrol valve, the autocontrol valve door motor of this autocontrol valve is connected with the control signal output of described controller.
Technical characteristic of the present invention also has: the gear that described autocontrol valve rotates under being also included in described autocontrol valve driven by motor, and described wheel and rack connects, and described tooth bar is fixed on arm-tie, and described arm-tie is arranged in described pan feeding passage.
Technical characteristic of the present invention also has: described rotating discharge port comprises cylindrical shell, internal tooth is processed with in the bottom of described cylindrical shell, described internal tooth and discharging opening gears meshing, described discharging opening gear is connected on the power shaft of described power input part, the bottom surface of described cylindrical shell is equipped with cylindrical shell needle roller, is provided with discharging opening in the side of described cylindrical shell.
Technical characteristic of the present invention also has: in described rotating discharge port, the below of directed dish is also provided with the impeller disk, and the described impeller disk is connected on the power shaft of described power input part.
Technical characteristic of the present invention also has: the described impeller disk comprises impeller cylindrical shell, in impeller cylindrical shell, impeller blade is housed.
Technical characteristic of the present invention also has: described impeller blade is 8, is uniformly distributed in the radial direction at described impeller cylinder inboard wall.
Technical characteristic of the present invention also has: described orientation dish is the inclined plate of tilt adjustable.
Technical characteristic of the present invention also has: described fish device of feeding also comprises the retainer ring being positioned at floating cup upper end.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: the present invention is that a kind of floating type automatic detection is shed and fed fish device, can realize different shed Distance geometry 360 degree shed scope, simple to operation, compact conformation; The use of floating member makes this device to be directly placed in water to use, or can be applicable to rivers or the feed feeding compared with large regions, and improve the flexibility of machine, applicability and compatibility, fish material coverage increases greatly; Fish finding sonar can judge that fish amount is how many, there is provided further and feed back signal to controller analysis, thus determine the size of dispensing velocity and the outlet of fish material, thus be that the object realizing " the many foods of many fishes, few fish are eaten less " provides architecture basics, effectively reduce the waste of fish material.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the axial section of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the radial section figure of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the rotating discharge port profile of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the autocontrol valve profile of the embodiment of the present invention.
Wherein: 1 is feed bin, 2 is autocontrol valves, and 21 is autocontrol valve door motors, and 22 is gears, 23 is tooth bars, and 24 is arm-ties, and 3 is directed dishes, and 4 is power shafts, 5 is controllers, and 6 is floating cups, and 7 is retainer rings, 8 is motors, and 9 is rotating discharge ports, and 91 is cylindrical shells, 92 is cylindrical shell needle rollers, and 93 is discharging opening gears, and 94 is discharging openings, 10 is impeller disks, and 11 is fish finding sonars, 12 impeller blades.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described.As Figure 1-4, this hello fish device comprises feed bin 1, autocontrol valve 2, directed dish 3, power shaft 4, controller 5, floating cup 6, retainer ring 7, motor 8, rotating discharge port 9, the impeller disk 10, fish finding sonar 11.
Be divided into upper, middle and lower three parts by structure, be respectively: fish material inlet part; Shed parts; Power input part; Fish finding sonar; Floating cup; Controller.
Shed parts and comprise cylindrical shell, the impeller disk 10, directed dish 3, rotating discharge port 9, cylindrical shell is cylindrical structure, be the impeller disk 10 in the inside of cylindrical shell, the impeller disk 10 is disk-like structure, disk-like structure upper surface has the vertical impeller blade 12 by the center of circle, and the impeller disk 10 rotates around own axes, under the effect of impeller blade 12, due to the effect of centrifugal force, fish material is dished out from rotating discharge port 9.
Directed dish 3 is positioned at the center of the impeller disk 10, be an inclined plate, fish material can be made to enter impeller blade 12 toward the direction and accept acceleration, by regulating turning to of directed dish 3, can make the final dispensing velocity of fish material and shed angle to be changed, and then Distance geometry coverage is shed in change.
Rotating discharge port 9 is positioned at the outside of the impeller disk 10, is barrel-like structure, comprises discharging opening gear 93, cylindrical shell 91, cylindrical shell needle roller 92 and discharging opening 94.Discharging opening gear 93 is connected by flat key with power shaft 4, engages simultaneously, and then drive whole barrel body rotation with the internal gear of cylindrical shell 91 bottom.Cylindrical shell needle roller 92 is positioned at the downside of cylindrical shell bottom surface, plays the effect reducing friction and guiding.Discharging opening 94 is positioned at the side of cylindrical shell 91, is horn-like structure, and large mouth outwardly, is the outlet of fish material, and when shedding fish material, discharging opening 94 can rotate, and therefore makes scope of shedding reach 360 degree without dead angle, fish material is disperseed more, avoid the phenomenon that fish robs food.
Fish material inlet part comprises feed bin 1 and autocontrol valve 2, and feed bin 1 is positioned at the top of whole device, and its top is cylindrical shape, and bottom is taper cone barrel, can be used for storage of fish material.Autocontrol valve 2 is provided with in the lower end of feed bin 1.This autocontrol valve 2 is drawing and pulling type structure, comprises autocontrol valve door motor 21, gear 22, tooth bar 23 and arm-tie 24.When autocontrol valve door motor 21 rotates, drive arm-tie 24 to move by tooth bar 23, adjustable fish material enters the flow shedding parts.
Floating cup 6 is conical hollow-core construction, whole device can be placed in water, for whole device provides a pier.
Fish finding sonar 11 is positioned at the lower end of floating cup 6, detectable fish number, and then feed back to controller 5, by regulate the size of motor 8 rotating speed and autocontrol valve 2 control fish material number, play the effect of reasonable distribution fish material, greatly reduce waste.
Power input part comprises motor 8, power shaft 4.Motor 8 is coaxial with power shaft 4, and be the impeller disk 10 above power shaft 4, power shaft 4 coaxially connects with the impeller disk 10, and during work, motor 8 rotates, and then power shaft 4 rotates, and further power shaft 4 impeller dish 10 rotates, and completes the process shedding fish material.
Retainer ring 7 is positioned at the upper end of floating cup 6, fixes whole device by rope, is unlikely to washed away.
During work, this device is placed on fixing waters, due to the buoyancy of floating cup 6, whole machine is bubbled through the water column, feed bin 1 is built with fish material, further when fish finding sonar 11, to detect the shoal of fish close, signal feedback is analyzed to controller 5, determine the quantity of fish, compare with the information in database simultaneously, determine the rotating speed of motor 8, and the size of autocontrol valve 2, by autocontrol valve door motor 21, the gear 22 on autocontrol valve is driven to rotate, gear 22 engages with the tooth bar 23 on valve plate 24, further open valve 2, control valve 2 size and then adjustment fish material falling speed, fall into directed dish 3, fish material can be imported further undertaking of the impeller disk 10 by orientation dish 3 to accelerate, further orientation dish 3 can rotate adjustment, the impeller disk 10 can be entered in the different direction of regulation by regulating, and then regulate the Distance geometry of shedding of fish material to shed angle, further fish material is dished out from rotating discharge port 9.
The above description of this invention is illustrative, and nonrestrictive, and those skilled in the art is understood, and can carry out many amendments, change or equivalence, but they all will fall within the scope of protection of the present invention within the spirit and scope of claim restriction to it.

Claims (9)

1. feed fish device for one kind, comprise supporter, feed bin, what be communicated with described feed bin sheds parts, and the power input part that the rotating discharge port shedding parts described in driving rotates, directed dish is housed in described rotating discharge port, it is characterized in that: described fish device of feeding also comprises the floating cup be arranged on bottom supporter, also support is housed in the bottom of described floating cup, the bottom surface of described support is equipped with the fish finding sonar of detecting fish school, the signal input part of described fish finding sonar connection control device, the control signal output of described controller is connected with the motor of described power input part.
2. feed fish device according to according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: extend to the pan feeding passage of directed dish from the feeding mouth of feed bin and be provided with autocontrol valve, the autocontrol valve door motor of this autocontrol valve is connected with the control signal output of described controller.
3. feed fish device according to according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the gear that described autocontrol valve rotates under being also included in described autocontrol valve driven by motor, described wheel and rack connects, and described tooth bar is fixed on arm-tie, and described arm-tie is arranged in described pan feeding passage.
4. feed fish device according to according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described rotating discharge port comprises cylindrical shell, internal tooth is processed with in the bottom of described cylindrical shell, described internal tooth and discharging opening gears meshing, described discharging opening gear is connected on the power shaft of described power input part, the bottom surface of described cylindrical shell is equipped with cylindrical shell needle roller, is provided with discharging opening in the side of described cylindrical shell.
5. feed fish device according to according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: in described rotating discharge port, the below of directed dish is also provided with the impeller disk, and the described impeller disk is connected on the power shaft of described power input part.
6. feed fish device according to according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the described impeller disk comprises impeller cylindrical shell, in impeller cylindrical shell, impeller blade is housed.
7. feed fish device according to according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described impeller blade is 8, be uniformly distributed in the radial direction at described impeller cylinder inboard wall.
8. feed fish device according to according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described orientation dish is the inclined plate of tilt adjustable.
9. feed fish device according to according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described fish device of feeding also comprises the retainer ring being positioned at floating cup upper end.
CN201410709398.6A 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 A kind of hello fish device Expired - Fee Related CN104351108B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410709398.6A CN104351108B (en) 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 A kind of hello fish device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410709398.6A CN104351108B (en) 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 A kind of hello fish device

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CN104351108A true CN104351108A (en) 2015-02-18
CN104351108B CN104351108B (en) 2016-06-01

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104705236A (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-06-17 江苏中洋集团股份有限公司 Intelligent young fish disc feeding machine
CN104904627A (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-09-16 浙江海洋学院 Artificial fish reef for abalone and sea cucumbers
CN107114292A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-09-01 陈迎春 A kind of fish pond feeder
CN110754411A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-02-07 添宇 Automatic machine of throwing something and feeding is bred in fishery
CN111802301A (en) * 2020-08-13 2020-10-23 艾保英 Automatic feeding device for photovoltaic fishpond and using method thereof
CN113233023A (en) * 2021-06-10 2021-08-10 山东锦德荣工业装备有限公司 Rotary distributor

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1594447A (en) * 1978-05-30 1981-07-30 Fisons Ltd Feed dispensing device
CN2265675Y (en) * 1996-02-09 1997-10-29 赵凤华 Changeable slope disk type feeding device for fish
CN101339250A (en) * 2008-08-29 2009-01-07 深圳华为通信技术有限公司 Method and device for detecting fish school
CN201550504U (en) * 2009-11-10 2010-08-18 步伟民 Water surface floating type round-spreading feeding machine
CN102301977A (en) * 2011-07-13 2012-01-04 金湖小青青机电设备有限公司 Pneumatic feeder
CN204272996U (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-22 山东师范大学附属中学 A kind of hello fish device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1594447A (en) * 1978-05-30 1981-07-30 Fisons Ltd Feed dispensing device
CN2265675Y (en) * 1996-02-09 1997-10-29 赵凤华 Changeable slope disk type feeding device for fish
CN101339250A (en) * 2008-08-29 2009-01-07 深圳华为通信技术有限公司 Method and device for detecting fish school
CN201550504U (en) * 2009-11-10 2010-08-18 步伟民 Water surface floating type round-spreading feeding machine
CN102301977A (en) * 2011-07-13 2012-01-04 金湖小青青机电设备有限公司 Pneumatic feeder
CN204272996U (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-22 山东师范大学附属中学 A kind of hello fish device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104705236A (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-06-17 江苏中洋集团股份有限公司 Intelligent young fish disc feeding machine
CN104904627A (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-09-16 浙江海洋学院 Artificial fish reef for abalone and sea cucumbers
CN104904627B (en) * 2015-04-30 2017-03-29 浙江海洋学院 Bao joins artificial marine habitat
CN107114292A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-09-01 陈迎春 A kind of fish pond feeder
CN110754411A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-02-07 添宇 Automatic machine of throwing something and feeding is bred in fishery
CN111802301A (en) * 2020-08-13 2020-10-23 艾保英 Automatic feeding device for photovoltaic fishpond and using method thereof
CN113233023A (en) * 2021-06-10 2021-08-10 山东锦德荣工业装备有限公司 Rotary distributor

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Granted publication date: 20160601

Termination date: 20161128