CN104351064A - Carbon fiber active cat litter and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Carbon fiber active cat litter and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104351064A
CN104351064A CN201410684848.0A CN201410684848A CN104351064A CN 104351064 A CN104351064 A CN 104351064A CN 201410684848 A CN201410684848 A CN 201410684848A CN 104351064 A CN104351064 A CN 104351064A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
cat litter
water
carbon fiber
bagasse
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Application number
CN201410684848.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104351064B (en
Inventor
程岗
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芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司
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Priority to CN201410684848.0A priority Critical patent/CN104351064B/en
Publication of CN104351064A publication Critical patent/CN104351064A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/015Floor coverings, e.g. bedding-down sheets ; Stable floors
    • A01K1/0152Litter
    • A01K1/0154Litter comprising inorganic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/015Floor coverings, e.g. bedding-down sheets ; Stable floors
    • A01K1/0152Litter
    • A01K1/0155Litter comprising organic material

Abstract

The invention discloses carbon fiber active cat litter and a preparation method thereof. The carbon fiber active cat litter is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 30 to 45 parts of wheat straw, 15 to 20 parts of bagasse, 10 to 14 parts of calcium chloride, 2 to 3 parts of sodium hydroxide, 15 to 25 parts of pulverized fuel ash, 1 to 2 parts of nanometer iron powder, 30 to 40 parts of red soil, 2 to 4 parts of guar gum, 4 to 5 parts of binding agent and a proper amount of water. Specifically, the carbon fiber absorption cat litter with high activity which is different from an existing activated carbon absorbent prepared from carbonized straw is prepared according to the steps of: decocting and boiling the soaked bagasse and the like which are rich in high fiber in the sodium hydroxide added with water, then removing redundant mesophyll and leaving fiber, the fiber exists in a form of a stable carbon structure, crumbs are firm, and the size meets the requirement, so that the adsorption capacity of finished cat litter is stronger, water can be quickly absorbed, additionally, fecal odor can be absorbed, and the purpose of air purification is achieved.

Description

Active cat litter of a kind of carbon fiber and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to the technology field of cat litter, be specifically related to active cat litter of a kind of carbon fiber and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Cat litter is the very large pet supplies of a kind of consumption abroad, and be the conventional necessary article of most pet feeding cat family, in addition in pet shop, pet cat breeding farm etc. all will use cat litter, manufactures in industry occupy very important status at pet supplies.
In cat culture, of paramount importance progress is exactly the use of cat litter, early stage cat litter is mainly based on incoagulable cat litter, everybody master is to receive cat just, but along with the continuous progress of cat litter technology, it is simple like this that people are not limited only to storage, so constantly there is again present condensation sand, wooden sand, and chalazie, bentonite bonded sand etc.
General cat litter uses paper pulp to break into fine granularity to simulate sandy soil and to provide water imbibition, also has the particle using the physical dryness agent such as silica gel.Generally can add the chemical products such as deodorant/preservative, cat litter runs into water can condense into block, although be convenient to cleaning but suggestion collocation by special leakage shovel, to be stained with after most of cat litter cat steps on pin and to take that other is local to, therefore please noting frequent cleaning.
During use, cat litter is poured into cat litter box (a kind of container filling cat litter belongs to pet supplies), auxiliary 7 ~ 10cm is thick, just can use to cat, during clean cat litter box, with cat litter shovel (specific purpose tool belongs to pet supplies), those cakey blocks are shoveled out from cat litter, lose into dustbin, just reach and remove the ight soil of cat and the object of urine, and remaining cat litter in cat litter box, be still clean, can continue to use, after consumption reduces, can continue to add new cat litter and supplement.
Summary of the invention
The active cat litter of a kind of carbon fiber, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: wheat stalk 30 ~ 45, bagasse 15 ~ 20, calcium chloride 10 ~ 14, sodium hydroxide 2 ~ 3, flyash 15 ~ 25, nanometer iron powder 1 ~ 2, laterite 30 ~ 40, guar gum 2 ~ 4, binding agent 4 ~ 5 and appropriate water;
Described binding agent is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: sodium metasilicate 3 ~ 5, white carbon 4 ~ 5, land plaster 10 ~ 14, isopropyl alcohol 4 ~ 6, aluminium chloride 1.5 ~ 3, sodium carboxymethylcellulose 1.5 ~ 2.5, fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether 2 ~ 3, polyvinyl alcohol 1 ~ 2, water 30; Preparation method is: sodium metasilicate, sodium carboxymethylcellulose and polyvinyl alcohol are mixed, add water and heat stirring and dissolving, then mixed white carbon, land plaster and aluminium chloride pulvis is blended into, stirring 20 ~ 30min disperses evenly, finally add isopropyl alcohol and fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, stir into uniform clay after mixing and get final product.
A preparation method for the active cat litter of carbon fiber, is characterized in that, comprise following step:
(1) wheat stalk, sodium hydroxide and bagasse is mixed, add the water boil 10 ~ 20min of 4 ~ 5 times, after soaking 3 ~ 4h, Mechanical Crushing formula stirs, centrifugal segregation excessive moisture and mesophyll part, hard stem portion ball milling 30 ~ 40min will be remained to homogenate, logical heated-air drying uniformly pulvis;
(2) put into Muffle furnace after being sealed by the pulvis of (1), temperature 500 ~ 550 DEG C carries out heating charing 5 ~ 7h, obtains carbonizing production after being cooled to room temperature;
(3) by the mixed chlorinated calcium of (2) gained carbonizing production, flyash, nanometer iron powder, laterite, guar gum, binding agent and other residual components, add appropriate water stirring and evenly mixing, final water content about 30% preliminary granulation becomes the spheric granules of particle diameter 3 ~ 5mm;
(4) cat litter particle prepared by (3) is toasted 30 ~ 40min, after completing under about 200 DEG C high temperature.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: the present invention is a kind of high activity Carbon fibe absorption cat litter, the acticarbon that the stalk of charing stalk different from the past is made, it is the material that the bagasse etc. soaked by sodium hydroxide boiling is rich in high microsteping, remove unnecessary mesophyll part afterwards, leave fiber, fiber is existed by the form that carbon structure is more stable, its agglomerate is more solid, size also compares and meets the requirements, make the adsorption capacity of finished product cat litter stronger, ight soil peculiar smell can be adsorbed while absorbing water fast, reach the object purified air.
Embodiment
The active cat litter of a kind of carbon fiber, is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: wheat stalk 40, bagasse 20, calcium chloride 14, sodium hydroxide 3, flyash 25, nanometer iron powder 1, laterite 40, guar gum 2, binding agent 5 and appropriate water;
Described binding agent is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: sodium metasilicate 4, white carbon 4, land plaster 14, isopropyl alcohol 4, aluminium chloride 1.5, sodium carboxymethylcellulose 1.5, fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether 2, polyvinyl alcohol 1, water 30; Preparation method is: sodium metasilicate, sodium carboxymethylcellulose and polyvinyl alcohol are mixed, add water and heat stirring and dissolving, then mixed white carbon, land plaster and aluminium chloride pulvis is blended into, stirring 20 ~ 30min disperses evenly, finally add isopropyl alcohol and fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, stir into uniform clay after mixing and get final product.
A preparation method for the active cat litter of carbon fiber, is characterized in that, comprise following step:
(1) wheat stalk, sodium hydroxide and bagasse is mixed, add the water boil 10 ~ 20min of 4 ~ 5 times, after soaking 3 ~ 4h, Mechanical Crushing formula stirs, centrifugal segregation excessive moisture and mesophyll part, hard stem portion ball milling 30 ~ 40min will be remained to homogenate, logical heated-air drying uniformly pulvis;
(2) put into Muffle furnace after being sealed by the pulvis of (1), temperature 500 ~ 550 DEG C carries out heating charing 5 ~ 7h, obtains carbonizing production after being cooled to room temperature;
(3) by the mixed chlorinated calcium of (2) gained carbonizing production, flyash, nanometer iron powder, laterite, guar gum, binding agent and other residual components, add appropriate water stirring and evenly mixing, final water content about 30% preliminary granulation becomes the spheric granules of particle diameter 3 ~ 5mm;
(4) cat litter particle prepared by (3) is toasted 30 ~ 40min, after completing under about 200 DEG C high temperature.
The common cat litter that active for carbon fiber of the present invention cat litter and market are sold is contrasted result of use, get a certain amount of fresh cat ight soil and the common cat litter of cat urine effect, the time of its absorption urine is about 55s, it makes the time of ight soil dehydration sclerosis be about 400s, and same urine and the active cat litter of ight soil effect carbon fiber of the present invention, the time of its absorption urine approximately only has 36 ~ 40s, the time of ight soil dehydration sclerosis is made approximately to only have 320s, substantially reduce action time, emphasis optimizes indoor environment, reduce distributing of peculiar smell, environmental protection and economy, and than being easier to process, to future development, there is strategic meaning.

Claims (2)

1. the active cat litter of carbon fiber, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: wheat stalk 30 ~ 45, bagasse 15 ~ 20, calcium chloride 10 ~ 14, sodium hydroxide 2 ~ 3, flyash 15 ~ 25, nanometer iron powder 1 ~ 2, laterite 30 ~ 40, guar gum 2 ~ 4, binding agent 4 ~ 5 and appropriate water;
Described binding agent is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: sodium metasilicate 3 ~ 5, white carbon 4 ~ 5, land plaster 10 ~ 14, isopropyl alcohol 4 ~ 6, aluminium chloride 1.5 ~ 3, sodium carboxymethylcellulose 1.5 ~ 2.5, fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether 2 ~ 3, polyvinyl alcohol 1 ~ 2, water 30; Preparation method is: sodium metasilicate, sodium carboxymethylcellulose and polyvinyl alcohol are mixed, add water and heat stirring and dissolving, then mixed white carbon, land plaster and aluminium chloride pulvis is blended into, stirring 20 ~ 30min disperses evenly, finally add isopropyl alcohol and fatty alcohol-polyoxyethylene ether, stir into uniform clay after mixing and get final product.
2. the preparation method of the active cat litter of a kind of carbon fiber according to claim 1, is characterized in that, comprise following step:
(1) wheat stalk, sodium hydroxide and bagasse is mixed, add the water boil 10 ~ 20min of 4 ~ 5 times, after soaking 3 ~ 4h, Mechanical Crushing formula stirs, centrifugal segregation excessive moisture and mesophyll part, hard stem portion ball milling 30 ~ 40min will be remained to homogenate, logical heated-air drying uniformly pulvis;
(2) put into Muffle furnace after being sealed by the pulvis of (1), temperature 500 ~ 550 DEG C carries out heating charing 5 ~ 7h, obtains carbonizing production after being cooled to room temperature;
(3) by the mixed chlorinated calcium of (2) gained carbonizing production, flyash, nanometer iron powder, laterite, guar gum, binding agent and other residual components, add appropriate water stirring and evenly mixing, final water content about 30% preliminary granulation becomes the spheric granules of particle diameter 3 ~ 5mm;
(4) cat litter particle prepared by (3) is toasted 30 ~ 40min, after completing under about 200 DEG C high temperature.
CN201410684848.0A 2014-11-25 2014-11-25 A kind of carbon fiber activity cat litter and preparation method thereof CN104351064B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN104351064B CN104351064B (en) 2016-10-05

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105494120A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-04-20 青岛举世工贸有限公司 Agglomerated wheat bran cat litter
CN105613307A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-06-01 青岛举世工贸有限公司 Caking soybean residue cat litter
CN105638489A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-06-08 青岛举世工贸有限公司 Agglomeration corn cat litter
CN105941169A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-09-21 郑笑遥 Modification bagasse cat litter and preparation method thereof
CN107182808A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-09-22 芜湖恒杰新材料科技有限公司 A kind of string cat litter and preparation method thereof

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20020000207A1 (en) * 2000-06-29 2002-01-03 Takeshi Ikegami Granular absorbent article for pet animals
CN1762209A (en) * 2005-10-10 2006-04-26 李永兆 Birdnesting packing material for pets and its preparation method
US20110061598A1 (en) * 2009-09-15 2011-03-17 Chett Boxley Environmentally-Friendly Animal Litter
CN102273410A (en) * 2011-08-10 2011-12-14 天津腾驰宠物用品有限公司 Natural plant cat litter
CN103283610A (en) * 2013-06-13 2013-09-11 江苏中恒宠物用品股份有限公司 Preparation method of straw quality cat litter for pet
CN103348923A (en) * 2013-06-19 2013-10-16 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 High water-absorbing straw cat litter
CN103392613A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-11-20 钟春燕 Cat litter with high water absorption
CN104082159A (en) * 2014-07-11 2014-10-08 山东理工大学 Method for chemically modifying straw powder and manufacturing cat litter through chemically-modified straw powder

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20020000207A1 (en) * 2000-06-29 2002-01-03 Takeshi Ikegami Granular absorbent article for pet animals
CN1762209A (en) * 2005-10-10 2006-04-26 李永兆 Birdnesting packing material for pets and its preparation method
US20110061598A1 (en) * 2009-09-15 2011-03-17 Chett Boxley Environmentally-Friendly Animal Litter
CN102273410A (en) * 2011-08-10 2011-12-14 天津腾驰宠物用品有限公司 Natural plant cat litter
CN103283610A (en) * 2013-06-13 2013-09-11 江苏中恒宠物用品股份有限公司 Preparation method of straw quality cat litter for pet
CN103348923A (en) * 2013-06-19 2013-10-16 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 High water-absorbing straw cat litter
CN103392613A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-11-20 钟春燕 Cat litter with high water absorption
CN104082159A (en) * 2014-07-11 2014-10-08 山东理工大学 Method for chemically modifying straw powder and manufacturing cat litter through chemically-modified straw powder

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105494120A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-04-20 青岛举世工贸有限公司 Agglomerated wheat bran cat litter
CN105613307A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-06-01 青岛举世工贸有限公司 Caking soybean residue cat litter
CN105638489A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-06-08 青岛举世工贸有限公司 Agglomeration corn cat litter
CN105941169A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-09-21 郑笑遥 Modification bagasse cat litter and preparation method thereof
CN107182808A (en) * 2017-06-09 2017-09-22 芜湖恒杰新材料科技有限公司 A kind of string cat litter and preparation method thereof

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