CN104350924B - A kind of cultural method of the intercropping of early and late maturing varieties control late blight of potato - Google Patents

A kind of cultural method of the intercropping of early and late maturing varieties control late blight of potato Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104350924B
CN104350924B CN201410630990.7A CN201410630990A CN104350924B CN 104350924 B CN104350924 B CN 104350924B CN 201410630990 A CN201410630990 A CN 201410630990A CN 104350924 B CN104350924 B CN 104350924B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
potato
late
variety
early
maturing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201410630990.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104350924A (en
Inventor
潘哲超
隋启君
詹家绥
徐宁生
王颖
张磊
李燕山
杨丽娜
卢丽丽
杨琼芬
包丽仙
尹自友
李先平
白建明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Inst of Economic Crops, Yunnan Provincia Academy Agriculture Sciences
Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University
Original Assignee
INST OF ECONOMIC CROPS YUNNAN PROVINCIA ACADEMY AGRICULTURE SCIENCES
Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by INST OF ECONOMIC CROPS YUNNAN PROVINCIA ACADEMY AGRICULTURE SCIENCES, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University filed Critical INST OF ECONOMIC CROPS YUNNAN PROVINCIA ACADEMY AGRICULTURE SCIENCES
Priority to CN201410630990.7A priority Critical patent/CN104350924B/en
Publication of CN104350924A publication Critical patent/CN104350924A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104350924B publication Critical patent/CN104350924B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/28Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture specially adapted for farming

Abstract

The invention discloses the cultural methods that a kind of intercropping of early and late maturing varieties control the late blight of potato, and potato early-maturing variety and the late variety same period are sowed, and carry out intercropping plant.Intercropping of different varieties plays the role of isolation, dilution late blight germ, has delayed Development process.Compared with single cropping, since the breeding time of different cultivars is different, so that different Potato Cultivars growth periods is staggered, to make the planting density of same kind reduce, therefore be also beneficial to the control of late blight.Different growing kind meets the demand of different times potato listing.After early-maturing variety has harvested, later stage anti-early ageing management can be carried out late variety again.

Description

A kind of cultural method of the intercropping of early and late maturing varieties control late blight of potato
Technical field
The present invention relates to potato culture field, more particularly to a kind of intercropping of early and late maturing varieties control late blight of potato Cultural method.
Background technology
The late blight caused by phytophthora infestans (Phytophthora infestance) is to restrict potato production development One of main factor.As a kind of aeroborne disease, late disease bacteria short incubation period, spread speed is fast, and infecting potential is strong, to potato Plant is destructive big, can be damaged under conditions of low temperature and high relative humidity, in several days entire potato field (Fry etc., 1992, Goodwin Deng 1992).Yunnan is located in Southwest Mountainous Areas, and planting season spring rainfall is more, and humidity is big, and late blight is easy to outburst.Due to morbidity Phase a run of wet weather, laxative effect is impacted, therefore fails to produce in Yunnan spring potato using the technology of chemical control late blight In be widely used.Due to single varieties, morbidity is propagated soon, and spring area potato is often planted in flakes, plant Feng Hanghou, field Between humidity it is big, it is easier to induce late blight.
Yunnan Province chemical control is inconvenient, and disease-resistant variety and disease-resistant cultivation technique is mainly taken to carry out prevention late blight. The generation of late blight is very related to aerial temperature and humidity, is the effective way for preventing late blight by improving miniclimate.By Interplanting reduces planting density, there is certain application in production practice.
Using potato and other Intercroppings, the method to control disease has been developed that.Such as Zhu has bravely The method patent No.s of equal .2006. corns and potato diversity growing control corn northern leaf blight and southern leaf blight: ZL200310110793.4), corn also has been reported that (Lee's pendant China rivers Mountain Area of Southwest with the development of potato interplanting control late blight Area potato+corn with high yield high-efficient planting patterns research southwest agricultural journal .2013,26 (6):2247-2252) is other:Water Rice dry-raising and sparse-planting cultivation technique delays control fertilizer practice.
The prior art there is a problem in that:
1, by the plantation of different growing kind, different Potato Cultivars growth periods are made to be staggered, contemporaneity potato Plant spacing reduces, and is conducive to the control of late blight.
2, selectable compared with high altitude localities few with the crop of potato intercropping and interplanting, as corn plants ratio in high altitude localities It is more difficult.
3, chemical control can not use, other interplanting method performance difficulties, of high cost.
Invention content
To solve the above-mentioned problems of the prior art, the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of intercropping of early and late maturing varieties controls The cultural method of the late blight of potato processed sows potato early-maturing variety and the late variety same period, carries out intercropping plant.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the technical scheme is that:
A kind of cultural method of the intercropping of early and late maturing varieties control late blight of potato, by potato early-maturing variety and late-maturing product Kind same period sowing, carries out intercropping plant.
Further, a kind of cultural method of the intercropping of early and late maturing varieties control late blight of potato, includes the following steps:
Step 1: variety selection is handled with potato seed
Adaptation to local conditions selects strong resistance, high yield, high-quality, number of growing days 70~90 days early-maturing varieties and number of growing days Each one of 110~130 days late variety selects virus-free seed potato, takes out potato seed from warehouse within 10~15 days, rejects prior to seeding Disease, worm, rotten potato place vernalization indoors, broadcast the preceding potato wedge that will be greater than 75g in 2~3 days and carry out stripping and slicing processing, each stripping and slicing should contain 2 A bud eye, the potato kind land plaster after stripping and slicing add the agricultural streptomycin methylate thiophanate, three's volume ratio to be:90:5:5, Even seed dressing, Mexician scammony mass ratio 1.5:100, and airing is carried out, it cicatrizes a wound;
Step 2: sowing
By the end of March, to finishing at the beginning of 4 months, early-maturing variety and late variety every two are in the ranks made, using double line width ridge, 1 The precocious big late-maturing big ridge of ridge interplanting 1, alternates, wide row space 80-100cm, small line-spacing 40-50cm, and 2 row Ma Ling are planted on ridge Potato, spacing in the rows 30-50cm, potato seed apply farm manure and chemical fertilizer as base manure after putting, and base manure accounts for potato seed weight 40%, after planting ridging;
Step 3: fertilising
Early-maturing variety presses+60% top dressing of 40% base fertilizer, and seedling stage top dressing is primary, and 40% base fertilizer+40%+ is pressed in late variety fertilising 20% top dressing, seedling stage top dressing is primary, and it is primary to carry out top dressing again after early-maturing variety harvest;
Step 4: harvest
When early-maturing variety is fully ripe, after blade is withered and yellow, water-removing harvests early-maturing variety;Then, late variety is chased after Fertilizer, and interplanting radish;The radish of late variety potato and interplanting is harvested before winter approached.
Further, in the step 1, early-maturing variety chooses cloud potato 902 or meeting -2, late variety selection cloud potato 401 or Cooperation 88.
Compared with the existing technology, beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1, intercropping of different varieties plays the role of isolation, dilution late blight germ, has delayed Development process.
2, compared with single cropping, since the breeding time of different cultivars is different, different Potato Cultivars growth periods is made to be staggered, To make the planting density of same kind reduce, therefore it is also beneficial to the control of late blight.
3, different growing kind meets the demand of different times potato listing.
4, after early-maturing variety has harvested, the management (mainly anti-early ageing) in later stage can be carried out late variety again.
Specific implementation mode
Technical solution of the present invention is described in further detail With reference to embodiment:
A kind of cultural method of the intercropping of early and late maturing varieties control late blight of potato, includes the following steps:
Step 1: variety selection is handled with potato seed
Adaptation to local conditions selects strong resistance, high yield, high-quality, number of growing days 70~90 days early-maturing varieties and number of growing days Each one of 110~130 days late variety selects virus-free seed potato, takes out potato seed from warehouse within 10~15 days, rejects prior to seeding Disease, worm, rotten potato place vernalization indoors, broadcast the preceding potato wedge that will be greater than 75g in 2~3 days and carry out stripping and slicing processing, each stripping and slicing should contain 2 A bud eye, the potato kind land plaster after stripping and slicing add the agricultural streptomycin methylate thiophanate, three's volume ratio to be:90:5:5, Even seed dressing, Mexician scammony mass ratio 1.5:100, and airing is carried out, it cicatrizes a wound;
Step 2: sowing
By the end of March, to finishing at the beginning of 4 months, early-maturing variety and late variety every two are in the ranks made, using double line width ridge, 1 The precocious big late-maturing big ridge of ridge interplanting 1, alternates, wide row space 80-100cm, small line-spacing 40-50cm, and 2 row Ma Ling are planted on ridge Potato, spacing in the rows 30-50cm, potato seed apply farm manure and chemical fertilizer as base manure after putting, and base manure accounts for potato seed weight 40%, after planting ridging;
Step 3: fertilising
Early-maturing variety presses+60% top dressing of 40% base fertilizer, and seedling stage top dressing is primary, and 40% base fertilizer+40%+ is pressed in late variety fertilising 20% top dressing, seedling stage top dressing is primary, and it is primary to carry out top dressing again after early-maturing variety harvest;
Step 4: harvest
When early-maturing variety is fully ripe, after blade is withered and yellow, water-removing harvests early-maturing variety;Then, late variety is chased after Fertilizer, and interplanting radish;The radish of late variety potato and interplanting is harvested before winter approached.
In the step 1, early-maturing variety chooses cloud potato 902 or meeting -2, and late variety chooses cloud potato 401 or cooperation 88.
The action principle of the method for the present invention is:
Variety diversity controls disease.
By early late variety relay interplanting planting, it can effectively prevent the propagation and sprawling of late blight germ, mitigate the hair of late blight It is raw, the development of late blight is efficiently controlled, yield is significantly improved.
Lower Density Cultivation Method controls disease technology
The generation of late blight and field humiture are mostly concerned, it is appropriate reduce planting density be prevent late blight have efficacious prescriptions Method.The potato seed density in planting in area of general spring is 3000-4000 plants, and by early late variety relay interplanting planting, total plantation is close Degree does not reduce.Field planting density maintains horizontal 3000-4000 plants or so of spring, and 1500-2000 plants of early-maturing variety is late-maturing 1500-2000 plants of kind, but breeding time appropriate be staggered makes the reduction of field plant density.
Slow control fertilizer practice
Potato breeding time spring is long, general to be planted in the later stage and be difficult to carry out field management, due to the receipts of early-maturing variety It obtains, convenient for the top dressing to late variety, solves the problems, such as that later stage potato takes off fertilizer and easy tos produce disease.
The problem of present invention is generally directed to the late blights of potato, by early-maturing variety (such as cloud potato 902 or meeting -2) with it is late-maturing Make between kind (such as cloud potato 401 or cooperation 88), is lost caused by mitigating the late blight of potato.Mainly take following measures:
1, the variety selection by making between potato early-maturing variety and late variety;
2, double line width ridge:Make 1 big ridge (2 row) late variety between 1 big ridge (2 row) early-maturing variety
3, Lower Density Cultivation Method:It is appropriate to increase spacing in the rows, reduce oblique line sowing isodensity control between line-spacing, two plants of large-ridge double-row.
4, delay control fertilising:The manuring late scheme of late variety
5, interplanting technology:After early-maturing variety harvest, then interplanting other crops, such as:Radish etc.
The above description is merely a specific embodiment, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, any The change or replacement expected without creative work, should be covered by the protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, of the invention Protection domain should be determined by the scope of protection defined in the claims.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of cultural method of the intercropping of early and late maturing varieties control late blight of potato, which is characterized in that by potato morning cooked food Kind and the sowing of the late variety same period, carry out intercropping plant;
Include the following steps:
Step 1: variety selection is handled with potato seed
70~90 days early-maturing varieties of number of growing days and each one of 110~130 days late variety of number of growing days are selected, is selected de- Seed culture of viruses potato takes out potato seed from warehouse in 10~15 days prior to seeding, rejects disease, worm, rotten potato, placement vernalization indoors, broadcast preceding 2~ The potato wedge that will be greater than 75g in 3 days carries out stripping and slicing processing, and each stripping and slicing should contain 2 bud eyes, and the potato kind land plaster after stripping and slicing adds agricultural Streptomysin methylate thiophanate, three's volume ratio are:90:5:5, uniformly dress seed, Mexician scammony mass ratio 1.5:100, and spread out It dries in the air, cicatrizes a wound;
Step 2: sowing
By the end of March, to finishing at the beginning of 4 months, early-maturing variety and late variety every two are in the ranks made, using double line width ridge, 1 precocity Making 1 late-maturing big ridge between big ridge, alternates, wide row space 80-100cm, small line-spacing 40-50cm plant 2 row potatos on ridge, Spacing in the rows is 30-50cm, and potato seed applies farm manure and chemical fertilizer as base manure after putting, and base manure accounts for potato seed weight 40%, after planting ridging;
Step 3: fertilising
Early-maturing variety presses+60% top dressing of 40% base fertilizer, and seedling stage top dressing is primary, and 40% base fertilizer+40%+20% is pressed in late variety fertilising Top dressing, seedling stage top dressing is primary, and it is primary to carry out top dressing again after early-maturing variety harvest;
Step 4: harvest
When early-maturing variety is fully ripe, after blade is withered and yellow, water-removing harvests early-maturing variety;Then, top dressing is carried out to late variety, and Interplanting radish;The radish of late variety potato and interplanting is harvested before winter approached;
In the step 1, early-maturing variety chooses cloud potato 902 or meeting -2, and late variety chooses cloud potato 401 or cooperation 88.
CN201410630990.7A 2014-11-11 2014-11-11 A kind of cultural method of the intercropping of early and late maturing varieties control late blight of potato Expired - Fee Related CN104350924B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410630990.7A CN104350924B (en) 2014-11-11 2014-11-11 A kind of cultural method of the intercropping of early and late maturing varieties control late blight of potato

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410630990.7A CN104350924B (en) 2014-11-11 2014-11-11 A kind of cultural method of the intercropping of early and late maturing varieties control late blight of potato

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104350924A CN104350924A (en) 2015-02-18
CN104350924B true CN104350924B (en) 2018-07-27

Family

ID=52518321

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410630990.7A Expired - Fee Related CN104350924B (en) 2014-11-11 2014-11-11 A kind of cultural method of the intercropping of early and late maturing varieties control late blight of potato

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104350924B (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105379604A (en) * 2015-11-23 2016-03-09 常熟市吉健葡萄科技有限公司 Mixed grape planting method
CN109804876A (en) * 2019-03-19 2019-05-28 云南省农业科学院经济作物研究所 A kind of big spring sowing potato postponing nitrogen health care yield-increasing cultivation method

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101091434A (en) * 2006-06-23 2007-12-26 王万丽 Method for planting spring seeding potato
CN102017859A (en) * 2010-10-13 2011-04-20 巫溪县农业技术推广中心 Interplant high-yielding cultivation method for potato and corn
CN102027851A (en) * 2010-09-26 2011-04-27 江苏大学 Out-of-season efficient matrix bag cultivation method of potato
CN102498833A (en) * 2011-08-26 2012-06-20 肖国锋 High-yield cultivation method for sweet potato in greenhouse
CN102986404A (en) * 2012-10-10 2013-03-27 肥西县农业技术推广中心 Potato and cotton interplanting high-yield culture technique
CN103250546A (en) * 2013-06-07 2013-08-21 云南省农业科学院经济作物研究所 Large-ridge and double-line under-film drip-irrigation water-saving cultivation method of winter and early spring potatoes
CN103975743A (en) * 2014-05-20 2014-08-13 榆林市土壤肥料工作站 Planting method for improving yield of moisture soil summer potatoes

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101091434A (en) * 2006-06-23 2007-12-26 王万丽 Method for planting spring seeding potato
CN102027851A (en) * 2010-09-26 2011-04-27 江苏大学 Out-of-season efficient matrix bag cultivation method of potato
CN102017859A (en) * 2010-10-13 2011-04-20 巫溪县农业技术推广中心 Interplant high-yielding cultivation method for potato and corn
CN102498833A (en) * 2011-08-26 2012-06-20 肖国锋 High-yield cultivation method for sweet potato in greenhouse
CN102986404A (en) * 2012-10-10 2013-03-27 肥西县农业技术推广中心 Potato and cotton interplanting high-yield culture technique
CN103250546A (en) * 2013-06-07 2013-08-21 云南省农业科学院经济作物研究所 Large-ridge and double-line under-film drip-irrigation water-saving cultivation method of winter and early spring potatoes
CN103975743A (en) * 2014-05-20 2014-08-13 榆林市土壤肥料工作站 Planting method for improving yield of moisture soil summer potatoes

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
昭通市马铃薯晚疫病发生与防治技术初探;马永翠;《中国植保导刊》;20101231(第4期);第20-23页 *
生物多样性控制作物病害研究进展;杨静等;《遗传》;20121130;第34卷(第11期);第1390-1398页 *
马铃薯晚疫病发生因素研究;丁俊杰等;《中国农学通报》;20050228;第21卷(第2期);第253-257页 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104350924A (en) 2015-02-18

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Dai et al. Intensive cotton farming technologies in China: Achievements, challenges and countermeasures
CN105340514B (en) A kind of drought lotus root volume increase improves the efficient cultivation method of content of starch
CN103070001B (en) Method for safely planting okra at high yield and high quality
Du et al. An improved water use efficiency of cereals under temporal and spatial deficit irrigation in north China
CN104322233B (en) The cultivation method of cumquat
CN102246645B (en) High-yield culture technology for southern potatoes planted in autumn
Robertson et al. Response of canola and Indian mustard to sowing date in the grain belt of north-eastern Australia
CN102763550B (en) High-yield summer corn cultivation method
Moser et al. Effects of pre-anthesis drought, nitrogen fertilizer rate, and variety on grain yield, yield components, and harvest index of tropical maize
CN103461049B (en) Protective cultivation technique for rice
CN105724012B (en) A kind of rice field-upland field rotation method of the no-tillage multiple cropping late rice of spring maize
CN102084774B (en) Method for raising seedling of oil palm seed
CN105359784A (en) Method for high-yield planting of sweet potatoes
CN104663226A (en) Cold-proof drought-resistant cultivation method for potatoes
CN105284394B (en) A kind of semiarid zone prevention and treatment corn stalk rot disease high-yield planting method
CN102498892B (en) Seed-reserving method for plant maca
CN102870581A (en) Method for pollution-free cultivation of pumpkin in greenhouse
CN102986420B (en) Cultivating method of eucommia ulmoides
CN103392475B (en) Sweet corn nursery resistant to lodging and cultivation method
CN104584841A (en) High-yield planting method for hot pepper
CN102461407B (en) Method for interplanting potato and corn in semihumid and semi-arid region
CN102283007B (en) " strawberry-swamp cabbage " rice field-upland field rotation cultivation method
CN103947441B (en) Nonoculture alfalfa field interplanting in summer silage corn implantation methods
CN102017859B (en) Interplant high-yielding cultivation method for potato and corn
CN105660120B (en) Crop field "Hami" melon two crops a year multiple cropping cultural method processed

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Pan Zhechao

Inventor after: Yang Qiongfen

Inventor after: Bao Lixian

Inventor after: Yin Ziyou

Inventor after: Li Xianping

Inventor after: Bai Jianming

Inventor after: Sui Qijun

Inventor after: Zhan Jiasui

Inventor after: Xu Ningsheng

Inventor after: Wang Ying

Inventor after: Zhang Lei

Inventor after: Li Yanshan

Inventor after: Yang Lina

Inventor after: Lu Lili

Inventor before: Pan Zhechao

Inventor before: Li Xianping

Inventor before: Bai Jianming

Inventor before: Sui Qijun

Inventor before: Xu Ningsheng

Inventor before: Wang Ying

Inventor before: Zhang Lei

Inventor before: Li Yanshan

Inventor before: Yang Qiongfen

Inventor before: Bao Lixian

Inventor before: Yin Ziyou

TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20180404

Address after: Beijing Road, Panlong District 650205 Yunnan city of Kunming province No. 2238

Applicant after: Inst of Economic Crops, Yunnan Provincia Academy Agriculture Sciences

Applicant after: Fujian Agricultural and Forestry University

Address before: Beijing Road, Panlong District 650200 Yunnan city of Kunming province No. 2238

Applicant before: Inst of Economic Crops, Yunnan Provincia Academy Agriculture Sciences

TA01 Transfer of patent application right
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180727

Termination date: 20181111

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee