CN104344573B - One kind of collector, and a method of manufacturing a solar air collector - Google Patents

One kind of collector, and a method of manufacturing a solar air collector Download PDF

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CN104344573B
CN104344573B CN 201310344350 CN201310344350A CN104344573B CN 104344573 B CN104344573 B CN 104344573B CN 201310344350 CN201310344350 CN 201310344350 CN 201310344350 A CN201310344350 A CN 201310344350A CN 104344573 B CN104344573 B CN 104344573B
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layer
collector
dielectric layer
heat
dielectric
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CN 201310344350
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CN104344573A (en )
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陈五奎
刘强
盛国浩
黄振华
耿化军
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深圳市拓日新能源科技股份有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

本发明适用于太阳能空调技术领域,提供了一种集热器,用于太阳能空调中,包括自太阳光的入射方向依次设置的透光前窗、集热膜层、传热层、受热管道、保温层及后盖;集热膜层包括减反射层、第一介质层、半透金属层、第二介质层及反射层;第一介质层、半透金属层和第二介质层构成光干涉系统;第一、第二介质层的材质为NiCrOxNy,半透金属层的材质为NiCr合金。 The present invention is applicable to solar air conditioning technology, there is provided a collector for a solar air conditioner, comprising a light transmissive front window from the incident direction of sunlight are sequentially arranged, the collector layer, the heat transfer layer, heat pipes, and the insulation cover; antireflective layer comprising a collector layer, a first dielectric layer, a semi-permeable metal layer, a second dielectric layer and a reflective layer; a first dielectric layer, a semipermeable layer and the second metal dielectric layer comprises an optical interference system; a first, dielectric material of the second layer is NiCrOxNy, semipermeable material of the metal layer is NiCr alloy. 本发明通过透光前窗将光线打散照射到集热膜层,通过集热膜层的减反射层提高透光性,将光干涉系统及反射层相结合,并利用NiCrOxNy和NiCr的强吸光性及吸收波段的叠加原理实现了可见光全波段的强吸收,提高了集热器的吸光率及热转换效率,达到节能环保之目的。 The present invention will break the light transmissive window before the collector layer is irradiated to improve the light-transmissive antireflection layer by the collector layer of the optical interference system and a reflective layer in combination, and using the strong absorbance of NiCr and NiCrOxNy and the absorption bands of the superposition principle to achieve a strong absorption of visible light in the whole band, to improve the absorbance collectors and thermal conversion efficiency and achieve energy saving purposes.

Description

-种集热器、集热器的制造方法及太阳能空调 - kind of collector, a method of manufacturing a solar collector and air conditioning

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于太阳能空调技术领域,特别设及一种集热器、集热器的制造方法及太阳能至调。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field of solar air conditioner, particularly provided, and one collector, and a method of manufacturing a solar collector to transfer.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 目前,空调多是利用照明电工作,在炎热的夏季,空调的大量使用给城市用电带来了较大的负担,太阳能空调作为节能环保的新型空调解决了耗电过量的问题,太阳能空调是在空调的室外机上连接一太阳能集热器,将光能转换为热能,将冷媒加溫,分担了压缩机的工作,使压缩机的功率得W降低,进而达到省电的目的。 [0002] Currently, air conditioning and more work is the use of electric lighting in the hot summer months, air conditioning to the city's extensive use of electricity has brought a greater burden, solar air-conditioning energy saving and environmental protection as a new type of air-conditioning to solve the problem of excessive power consumption, the solar air conditioner is connected to the air conditioner outdoor unit of a solar energy collector, the optical energy is converted to heat, heating the refrigerant, share the operation of the compressor, the compressor of the power W decreases too, and thus to save battery power. 而现有太阳能集热器的吸光率较低,导致光热转换效率低,提高集热器的吸光能力成为本领域丞待解决的问题。 While lower absorbance conventional solar collector, resulting in a low light-heat conversion efficiency and the light-absorbing capacity of the collector is a problem to be solved in the art Cheng.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的在于提供一种集热器,旨在提高吸光能力,进而提高光热转换效率, W将其用于太阳能空调中达到省电的目的。 [0003] The object of the present invention to provide a collector, intended for purposes of improving the light-absorbing capacity, thereby improving the light-heat conversion efficiency, W will be used for the solar air conditioner to save power.

[0004] 本发明是运样实现的,一种集热器,用于太阳能空调中,包括自太阳光的入射方向依次设置的透光前窗、集热膜层、传热层、受热管道、保溫层及后盖; [0004] The present invention is implemented like transport a heat collector for a solar air conditioner, comprising a light transmissive front window from the incident direction of sunlight are sequentially arranged, the collector layer, the heat transfer layer, heat pipes, the insulation layer and the back cover;

[0005] 所述集热膜层包括自所述透光前窗侧依次设置的:减反射层、第一介质层、半透金属层、第二介质层及反射层; [0005] The collector layer comprises a light transmissive front window from the side, provided: an antireflection layer, a first dielectric layer, a semi-permeable metal layer, a second dielectric layer and a reflective layer;

[0006] 所述第一介质层、半透金属层和第二介质层构成光干设系统; [0006] The first dielectric layer, a semipermeable layer and the second metal dielectric layer comprises an optical system provided dry;

[0007]所述第一介质层和第二介质层的材质为NiXrOxNy,所述半透金属层的材质为NiXr 合金。 [0007] The material of the first dielectric layer and second dielectric layer NiXrOxNy, the semipermeable material of the metal layer is an alloy NiXr.

[000引本发明的另一目的在于提供一种太阳能空调,包括太阳能集热器,所述太阳能集热器为所述的集热器。 Another object of the [000 primer of the present invention is to provide a solar air conditioner, comprising a solar collector, said solar collector to the collector.

[0009] 本发明的另一目的在于提供一种集热器的制造方法,包括下述步骤: [0009] Another object of the present invention is to provide a method for manufacturing a collector, comprising the steps of:

[0010] 在传热层一表面上依次沉积反射层、第一介质层、半透金属层、第二介质层及减反射层,形成集热膜层;所述第一介质层、半透金属层及第二介质层构成光干设系统,所述第一介质层和第二介质层的材料为Ni化OxNy,所述半透金属层的材料为Ni化合金; [0010] sequentially deposited on a surface of the heat layer reflective layer, a first dielectric layer, a semi-permeable metal layer, a second dielectric layer and the antireflection layer, the collector layer is formed; the first dielectric layer, a metal semipermeable dielectric layer and a second layer of dry material constituting the optical system is provided, the material of the first dielectric layer and second dielectric layer of Ni OxNy, the semi-permeable metal layer is an alloy of Ni;

[0011] 在所述传热层的另一面固定受热管道,完成集热板的制作; [0011] In the other surface of the heat transfer layer fixed heat pipes, to complete the production of the heat collecting plate;

[0012] 在所述集热板的周围设置边框,将集热板固定于所述边框之内; [0012] provided a border around the heat collecting plate, the collecting plate is fixed to the inside of the rim;

[0013] 在所述受热管道的背面依次设置保溫层及后壳,并将所述后壳与所述边框密封连接; [0013] The insulation layer are sequentially disposed on the back surface of the rear housing and the heat pipe, and a rear housing connected with the frame seal;

[0014] 在所述集热膜层之上设置透光前窗,并将所述透光前窗与所述边框密封连接。 [0014] The front light transmissive window disposed over the collector layer and the light transmissive front window frame sealing the connection.

[0015] 本发明提供的集热器,通过透光前窗将光线打散照射到集热膜层,通过集热膜层的减反射层提高透光性,将光干设系统及反射层相结合,并利用NiCrOxNy和NiCr的强吸光性及吸收波段的叠加原理实现了可见光全波段的强吸收,有效提高了集热器的吸光率,进而提高热转换效率,为冷媒加溫提供可靠热源,解决了太阳能空调利用太阳能将冷媒加热的关键问题,达到节能环保之目的,适合广泛应用于太阳能空调中。 [0015] The present invention provides the collector, through light transmissive window before collecting the light irradiated to break the film, to improve light-transmissive antireflection layer through the collector layer, the light reflective layer and a dry system provided with binding, using the strong absorbance of NiCrOxNy and NiCr and absorption superposition band achieve strong absorption of visible light the whole band, effectively improve the absorbance of the collector, thereby improving the thermal efficiency, provide a reliable source for the cooling medium heating, the key to solve the problem of solar air conditioning using solar heating of the refrigerant, to achieve energy saving purposes, widely used in solar energy for air conditioning.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0016] 图1是本发明实施例提供的集热器的侧视结构示意图; [0016] FIG. 1 is a schematic side view of the structure of the collector according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0017] 图2是本发明实施例提供的集热器的正视结构示意图; [0017] FIG. 2 is a schematic front view of the embodiment of the collector according to the present invention is provided;

[0018] 图3是本发明实施例提供的集热器中集热膜层的结构示意图; [0018] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the collector layer provided in the collector of the embodiment of the present invention;

[0019] 图4是本发明实施例提供的集热器的制造方法流程图。 [0019] FIG. 4 is a flowchart showing the manufacturing method provided in the embodiment of the present invention, the heat collector.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0020] 为了使本发明的目的、技术方案及优点更加清楚明白,W下结合附图及实施例,对本发明进行进一步详细说明。 [0020] To make the objectives, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from, the accompanying drawings and embodiments W, of the present invention will be further described in detail. 应当理解,此处所描述的具体实施例仅仅用W解释本发明,并不用于限定本发明。 It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are only used to explain the present invention W, not intended to limit the present invention.

[0021] W下结合具体实施例对本发明的具体实现进行详细描述: Specific Example [0021] The binding of the specific implementation of the present invention, W will be described in detail:

[0022] 图1、2示出了本发明实施例提供的集热器的侧视、正视结构示意图,为了便于说明,仅示出了与本实施例相关的部分。 [0022] FIG. 2 shows a side view of the present invention, the heat collector according to an embodiment, a front structural diagram, for convenience of explanation, only a part related to the present embodiment.

[0023] 该集热器主要用于太阳能空调,用于吸收太阳光并将其转换为热能,对冷媒进行加溫。 [0023] The solar collector is mainly used in air conditioners, and absorb sunlight and convert it into heat refrigerant by heating. 该集热器包括沿着阳光的入射方向依次设置的:透光前窗1、集热膜层2、传热层3、受热管道4、保溫层5及后盖6。 The collector comprises sequentially disposed along the incident direction of sunlight: transmissive front window 1, the collector layer 2, heat transfer layer 3, the heat pipes 4, 5 and the cover insulating layer 6. 其中,集热膜层2、传热层3和受热管道4构成集热板,集热板与透光前窗1之间相隔一段距离,集热膜层2和受热管道4分别固定于传热层3的两侧,集热板的周围可用一边框7(如侣边框)固定,后盖6与透光前窗1分别安装于侣边框7的两敞口处,与边框7-起构成集热器的外部结构。 Wherein the collector layer 2, layer 3 and a heat transfer pipe constituting the collector plate 4, at a distance between the heat collecting plate 1 and the translucent front window, and a heat collector layer 2 are fixed to the heat transfer pipe 4 surrounding layers on both sides, the collector plate 3 of a frame 7 can be used (e.g., companion border) is fixed, and the transparent cover 6 is attached to the front window 1 are open at two companion frame 7, and constituting the current frame from 7- external structure of heat. 透光前窗1通常采用高透光的玻璃窗,后盖6通常采用金属壳,如防诱铁皮等,外表面喷锋,W防生诱。 Transmissive front window 1 usually high transparent glass window, usually the rear cover 6 of metal shell, such as anti-induced iron, etc., an outer surface of the front spray, W anti-health induced. 在该集热器中,集热膜层2是集热器吸光及热转换的核屯、部分,如图3,其包括自透光前窗1依次设置的减反射层21、第一介质层22、半透金属层23、第二介质层24及反射层25。 In this collector, the collector is a collector layer 2 and the light-absorbing heat conversion core Tun, part 3, which includes a reflective layer 21, a first dielectric layer from the Save transmissive front window 1 are sequentially arranged 22, semi-permeable metal layer 23, second dielectric layer 24 and the reflective layer 25. 第一介质层22、半透金属层23及第二介质层24构成了光干设系统。 The first dielectric layer 22, the semi-permeable metal layer 23 and the second dielectric layer 24 constituting the optical system is provided dry. 第一介质层22和第二介质层24的材料为Ni化OxNy,半透金属层23的材料为Ni化合金,具有较强的吸光性,且Ni化OxNy和Ni化的结合力较强,利于形成一体膜层。 Material of the first dielectric layer 22 and second dielectric layer 24 of Ni OxNy, the semipermeable material is a metal layer 23 of Ni alloy, having a strong absorption of light, and Ni and Ni of OxNy of strong binding force, conducive layer formed integrally.

[0024] 该集热膜层2中,减反射层21在全波段范围内减少光的反射,增加光的透过,光干设系统则实现光干设增强吸光及发热,反射层25则将部分透过干设系统的太阳光重新反射回该系统,形成多次光吸收,同时,利用了NihOxNy和Nih极强的吸光性,本实施例综合上述手段有效提高了集热膜层的吸光率。 [0024] The collector layer 2, Save 25 will be transmitted through the optical system is set to achieve a dry light provided to enhance light absorption and dry heat, light reflecting layer 21 is reduced in the whole reflection wavelength range of the light reflecting layer increases provided through the dry portion of the system to re-reflected back to the solar system, the light absorption is formed a plurality of times, at the same time, and use of NihOxNy Nih strong light absorbing, the above-described means of the present embodiment comprehensive embodiment effectively improves the absorbance of the collector layer . 并且,NiCrOxNy和NiCr的吸收峰错位分布,且吸收峰的半峰全宽叠加后将总吸收波段扩展,接近可见光全波段,进而,运种集热膜层可实现可见光全波段的强吸收,提高了集热膜层的吸光率,进而提高了集热器的产热能力。 And the absorption peak displacement NiCrOxNy NiCr and distribution, and the absorption peak full width half maximum total absorption band spreading after superposition, close full band of visible light, and further, the collector layer transport types may be implemented strong absorption of visible light in the whole band, to improve the absorbance of the collector layer, thereby improving the ability of a heat collector.

[0025] W下提供一组本实施例提供的集热器与传统集热器的性能参数对照数据: [0025] providing a set of performance parameters of a conventional collector and collector of the control data provided in the present embodiment W:

[0026] [0026]

Figure CN104344573BD00041

[0027] 根据上述数据可知,本实施例提供的集热器与传统集热器相比,其集热板的吸光率和集热器的瞬态效率均显著提高,且热损降低至2%W下,运对于实现太阳能空调的节能环保具有重大意义。 [0027] The above data showed that, compared with conventional collectors provided in the present embodiment collectors embodiment, the efficiency of the transient absorbance and the heat collecting plate collectors which are significantly improved, and the heat loss can be reduced to 2% under W, transport is of great significance for the realization of solar air-conditioning energy-saving environmental protection.

[0028] 进一步的,集热膜层2产生的热量通过传热层3传递到受热管道4,为受热管道4中流通的冷媒加热。 [0028] Further, the heat generated in the collector layer 2 through the heat transfer layer 3 is transmitted to the heat pipe 4, circulation of heating pipes 4 heated refrigerant. 同时,受热管道4背部的保溫层5(优选为岩棉保溫层)可W防止热量流失。 At the same time, the insulation layer 5 (preferably rock wool insulation) heated back duct 4 W may prevent heat loss.

[0029] 在本实施例中,受热管道4优选蛇形铜管,管壁厚度大于0.8mm,其具有一入口41和一出口42,供冷媒流通。 [0029] In the present embodiment, the heat pipe 4 is preferably a serpentine copper tube, wall thickness greater than 0.8mm, having an inlet 41 and an outlet 42 for the coolant flow. 铜管传热效率高、易焊接且刚性强,不易变形。 Brass high heat transfer efficiency, easy welding and good rigidity, not easily deformed. 蛇形弯曲结构增大了与传热层的接触面积,提高了热传递效率,进而可W将热量有效利用到冷媒加热上,减少热量损失,节能效果好。 Serpentine curved structure increases the contact area with the heat transfer layer, to improve the heat transfer efficiency, and W can be effectively utilized to heat the refrigerant is heated to reduce heat loss, energy-saving effect.

[0030] 另外,蛇形铜管可W采用激光焊接的方式焊接在传热层上,其固定效果好,不易松动。 [0030] Furthermore, W may be a serpentine copper tube welded by laser welding on the heat transfer layer, its good fixing effect, easy to loose. 传热层可选择0.1~0.3mm的侣锥纸,传热快,热损少。 Alternatively companion cone heat transfer layer sheet of 0.1 ~ 0.3mm, heat quickly, less heat loss.

[0031] 在本实施例中,第一介质层22和第二介质层24的厚度均为30~40nm,半透金属层23的厚度为5~20nm,W满足干设条件。 [0031] In the present embodiment, the thickness of the first dielectric layer 22 and second dielectric layer 24 are 30 ~ 40nm, the thickness of the metal layer 23 is semipermeable 5 20nm ~, W meet the condition set dry.

[0032] 本实施例优选的,透光前窗1采用表面紧密排布六棱锥结构的布纹玻璃,利用六棱锥的陷光原理,提高透光率并将太阳光转变为发散的光线,便于集热膜层吸收,使太阳光得到有效利用。 [0032] The preferred embodiment of the present embodiment, the light-transmitting surface of the front window using a glass cloth densely arranged wove structure hexagonal pyramid, hexagonal pyramid using the principle of light trapping, and improve the optical transmittance of sunlight into divergent light, easy to absorbent collector layer, effective use of sunlight.

[0033] 进一步优选的,减反射层21的材料可为Ni化Ox,其与第一介质层22的材料Ni化OxNy 分别为NiCr的氧化物和氮氧化物,与第一介质层22也具有较好的结合性,其厚度为10~ 20nm,W达到增强透光且节省材料的目的。 [0033] Further preferably, the antireflection layer material 21 may be Ni Ox, and its material Ni OxNy of first dielectric layer 22 of NiCr, respectively and nitrogen oxides, the first dielectric layer 22 also has better binding, having a thickness of 10 20nm ~, W and achieve enhanced light transmissive material saving purposes.

[0034] 本实施例提供的集热器,通过透光前窗1将光线打散照射到集热膜层,通过集热膜层2的减反射层21提高透光性,将光干设系统及反射层25相结合,并利用NiCrOxNy和Ni化的强吸光性及吸收波段的叠加原理实现了可见光全波段的强吸收,有效提高了集热器的吸光率,进而提高热转换效率,为冷媒加溫提供可靠热源,解决了太阳能空调利用太阳能将冷媒加热的关键问题,达到节能环保之目的,适合广泛应用于太阳能空调中。 [0034] The heat collector according to this embodiment, an irradiated to the light scattered by the translucent front window collector layer, the collector layer 2, the antireflection layer 21 to improve the light transmittance, the optical system disposed dried and a reflective layer 25 in combination, and using NiCrOxNy and Ni of strong light absorbing and absorbing superposition band achieve strong absorption of visible light the whole band, effectively improve the absorbance of the collector, thereby improving the thermal efficiency as a refrigerant provide reliable heat source heating, solar air-conditioning to solve the key problem of the use of solar heating of the refrigerant, to achieve energy saving purposes, widely used in solar energy for air conditioning. 当然,采用该集热器的太阳能空调也在本发明的保护范围内。 Of course, with this solar air collector is within the scope of the present invention.

[0035] 本发明进一步提供一种集热器的制造方法,如图4,该方法包括下述步骤: [0035] The present invention further provides a method for manufacturing a collector, FIG. 4, the method comprising the steps of:

[0036] 在步骤SlOl中,在传热层一表面上依次沉积反射层、第一介质层、半透金属层、第二介质层及减反射层,形成集热膜层;第一介质层、半透金属层及第二介质层构成光干设系统,第一介质层和第二介质层的材料为Ni化OxNy,半透金属层的材料为Ni化合金; [0036] In step SlOl, the successively deposited on the surface of the heat transfer layer a reflective layer, a first dielectric layer, a semi-permeable metal layer, a second dielectric layer and the antireflection layer, the collector layer is formed; a first dielectric layer, semi-permeable metal layer and a second dielectric layer composed of Ni alloy of an optical system provided dry, the material of the first dielectric layer and second dielectric layer of Ni OxNy, the metal layer is a semipermeable material;

[0037] 其中,传热层可选择厚度为0.1~0.3mm的侣锥纸,传热效率高、成本低且便于后续焊接受热管道。 [0037] wherein optionally heat transfer layer having a thickness of 0.1 ~ 0.3mm companion cone paper, and high heat transfer efficiency, low cost and ease of subsequent welding heat pipe.

[0038] 在该步骤中,反射层可W运样制作,采用纯度为99.99%的圆柱银祀,首先将锻膜腔的本底真空度抽至2.0 X 1〇-3化~5.0 X IQ-3Pa,然后在锻膜腔内通入氣气100~800SCCM,将工作压力调节至0.1~0.5Pa,用直流瓣射的方法得到厚度为60~90nm的银层。 [0038] In this step, the reflective layer may be W to sample production, a purity of 99.99% silver cylindrical worship, first the base pressure of the chamber is evacuated to forging film 1〇 2.0 X-3 of ~ 5.0 X IQ- 3Pa, and then forged into the air chamber membrane gas 100 ~ 800SCCM, the operating pressure was adjusted to 0.1 ~ 0.5Pa, a silver layer having a thickness of 60 ~ 90nm by the method of direct emitted flap. 当然,该反射层还可W是其他具有较强反光性的材料,本实施例不限于银层。 Of course, the reflective layer may also be other materials W having a strong reflective properties, the present embodiment is not limited to the silver layer.

[0039] 进一步可选的,第一、第二介质层是运样制备的,采用纯度为99.99%、儀铭质量比为80: 20的合金祀制作,将锻膜腔的本底真空度抽至2.0 X 1〇-3化~5.0 X IO-3Pa,然后在锻膜腔内通入氣气100~800SCCM、氧气20-190SCCM、氮气120-420SCCM,将工作压力调节至0.2 ~0.7Pa,用直流反应瓣射的方法得到厚度为30~40nm的Ni化OxNy介质层。 [0039] Further, optionally, a first, a second dielectric layer thus prepared is transported, using purity of 99.99%, Ming device mass ratio of 80: 20 is produced Si alloy, the base pressure of the chamber is evacuated forging film 1〇 to 2.0 X-3 of ~ 5.0 X IO-3Pa, and then forged into the air chamber membrane gas 100 ~ 800SCCM, oxygen 20-190SCCM, nitrogen 120-420SCCM, the operating pressure was adjusted to 0.2 ~ 0.7Pa, with the method of direct reaction of the exit flap of Ni having a thickness of 30 ~ 40nm OxNy the dielectric layer.

[0040]进一步可选的,半透金属层是运样制备的,采用纯度为99.99%、儀铭质量比为80: 20的合金祀制作,将锻膜腔的本底真空度抽至2.0 X 1〇-中a~5.0 X IO-3Pa,然后在锻膜腔内通入氣气100~800SCCM,将工作压力调节至0.1~0.5Pa,用直流反应瓣射的方法得到厚度为5~20nm的Ni化合金层。 [0040] Further, optionally, the metal layer is a semipermeable transport thus prepared, having a purity of 99.99%, Ming device mass ratio of 80: 20 is produced Si alloy, the base pressure of the chamber is evacuated to forging film 2.0 X 1〇- in a ~ 5.0 X IO-3Pa, and then the film obtained in the process of forging the gas into the gas chamber 100 ~ 800SCCM, the operating pressure was adjusted to 0.1 ~ 0.5Pa, DC flap emitting reaction of a thickness of 5 ~ 20nm of the Ni alloy layer.

[0041 ]进一步可选的,减反射层是运样制备的,用纯度为99.99%、儀错质量比为80: 20的合金祀,将锻膜腔的本底真空度抽至2.0 X 1〇-3化~5.0 X IO-3Pa,然后在锻膜腔内通入氣气100~800SCCM、氧气30-300SCCM,将工作压力调节至0.2~0.7Pa,用直流反应瓣射的方法得到厚度为10~20nm的Ni化Ox减反射层。 [0041] Further, optionally, an antireflective layer thus prepared is transported, with a purity of 99.99%, and the wrong instrument mass ratio of 80: 20 Si alloy, the base pressure of the chamber is evacuated to a film forging 2.0 X 1〇 -3 of ~ 5.0 X IO-3Pa, and then forged into the air chamber membrane gas 100 ~ 800SCCM, oxygen 30-300SCCM, the operating pressure was adjusted to 0.2 ~ 0.7Pa, a thickness by the method of direct reaction of shot valve 10 Ox ~ 20nm of antireflection layer of Ni.

[0042] 减反射层、第一、第二介质层的材料分别为半透金属层材料NiCr的氧化物和氮氧化物,相互之间具有较好的结合性,利于形成一体膜层。 [0042] The antireflection layer, the first and second dielectric layers are semipermeable material NiCr metal layer and nitrogen oxides, has good binding to each other, formed integrally conducive layer.

[0043] 在步骤S102中,在传热层的另一面固定受热管道,完成集热板的制作。 [0043] In step S102, the other surface of the fixed heat pipe heat transfer layer, to complete the production of the heat collecting plate.

[0044] 具体的,可W通过激光焊接的方法在侣锥纸的另一面焊接蛇形铜管,壁厚大于0.8mm,激光焊接的工艺参数为:激光机的电流为180-250A,频率为20HZ,脉宽为0.8M/S。 [0044] Specifically, W can be a method by laser welding on the other side welding serpentine brass companion paper cone, wall thickness greater than 0.8mm, laser welding process parameters are: laser current is 180-250A, a frequency 20HZ, pulse width 0.8M / S. 采用激光焊接的方法焊接铜管,可W有效固定铜管,防止铜管移位。 Laser welding method of welding brass, W can be effectively secured brass, brass to prevent displacement.

[0045] 在步骤S103中,在集热板的周围设置边框,将集热板固定于边框之内。 [0045] In step S103, the border is provided around the heat collecting plate, the collecting plate is fixed to the inner frame.

[0046] 在本实施例中,边框可选侣边框,且其宽度大于集热板的宽度,集热板处于边框的中间位置,上下预留一定空间用于封装其他部件。 [0046] In the present embodiment, the border frame optional Lu, and having a width greater than the width of the heat collecting plate, heat collecting plate in an intermediate position of the frame, the upper and lower reserve a space for packaging other components.

[0047] 在步骤S104中,在受热管道的背面依次设置保溫层及后壳,并将后壳与边框密封连接。 [0047] In step S104, the insulation layer are sequentially disposed on the back of the rear housing and the heat pipe, and the seal housing and the frame are connected.

[0048] 其中,后壳可选择防诱铁皮制作,外表面喷锋,防止生诱。 [0048] wherein the rear case selectively preventing iron induced production, an outer front surface of the spray, to prevent raw lure.

[0049] 保溫层可选择岩棉及聚氨醋保溫层,岩棉保溫层厚度为30~60mm,在岩棉保溫层与背板之间聚氨醋发泡,形成厚度为20-40mm的聚氨醋发泡层。 [0049] Alternatively rock wool insulation and insulation vinegar polyurethane, rock wool insulation layer having a thickness of 30 ~ 60mm, rock wool insulation in between the backsheet layer and the polyurethane foam acetate, polyethylene having a thickness of 20-40mm ammonia, vinegar foamed layer. 此种复合保溫方式可耐集热膜高溫,保溫效果更好,且厚度适宜,避免集热器整体厚度过大。 Such a composite insulation film collector temperature resistant manner, better insulation, and a suitable thickness, the overall thickness of the collector to avoid excessively large.

[0050] 在步骤S105中,在集热膜层之上设置透光前窗,并将透光前窗与边框密封连接。 [0050] In step S105, before the light transmitting window disposed on the collector layer, the light-transmitting front window and the frame and sealed connection.

[0051] 其中,透光前窗与反射层之间相隔一段距离,防止集热膜层产生的热量使透光前窗升溫过高而发生危险,同时也为穿过透光前窗的光线提供一定的扩散空间。 [0051] wherein, spaced apart between the front window and the translucent reflective layer at a distance, the collector layer to prevent heat generated by the translucent front window and the danger of excessive temperature rise, but also for light passing through the light transmissive window before providing certain diffusion space. 透光前窗优选表面紧密排布六棱锥结构的布纹玻璃,W将平行太阳光扩散,均匀照射在集热膜层上。 Preferably the front surface of the light transmission window glass cloth densely arranged wove hexagonal pyramid structure, W parallel sunlight spread uniformly irradiated on the collector layer.

[0052] 通过上述方法制作的集热器,通过透光前窗将光线打散照射到集热膜层,便于集热膜层吸收,通过集热膜层的减反射层提高透光性,将光干设系统及反射层相结合,实现光干设增强吸光W及多次吸收,并利用Ni化OxNy和NiCr的强吸光性及吸收波段的叠加原理实现了可见光全波段的强吸收,有效提高了集热器的吸光率,进而提高热转换效率,为冷媒加溫提供可靠热源,进而可降低压缩机的功率,达到节能环保之目的,适合广泛应用于太阳能空调中。 [0052] prepared by the above method collector, through the light transmissive window before break irradiated collector layer, the collector layer to facilitate absorption and improve the light transmitting through the collector layer antireflection film layer, the light dry reset system and a reflective layer in combination to achieve light dry disposed enhanced light absorption W and repeatedly absorb and utilize strong light absorbing Ni of OxNy and NiCr and absorption superposition band achieve strong absorption of visible light the whole band, improve absorbance of the collector, thereby improving the thermal efficiency, provide a reliable source for the heating of the refrigerant, the compressor power can be reduced further, to achieve the purpose of energy saving, for the solar air conditioner is widely used.

[0053] W上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例而已,并不用W限制本发明,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内所作的任何修改、等同替换和改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0053] W the embodiments of the invention only the preferred embodiments only, not to limit the invention by W, any modifications within the spirit and principle of the present invention, equivalent substitutions and improvements should be included in the within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

  1. 1. 一种集热器,用于太阳能空调中,其特征在于,包括自太阳光的入射方向依次设置的透光前窗、集热膜层、传热层、受热管道、保温层及后盖; 所述集热膜层包括自所述透光前窗侧依次设置的:减反射层、第一介质层、半透金属层、第二介质层及反射层; 所述第一介质层、半透金属层和第二介质层构成光干涉系统; 所述第一介质层和第二介质层的材质为NiCrOxNy,所述半透金属层的材质为NiCr合金; 所述第一介质层和第二介质层的厚度为30~40nm,所述半透金属层的厚度为5~20nm。 A collector for a solar air conditioner, characterized by comprising a light-transmitting front window from the direction of incidence of sunlight are sequentially arranged, the collector layer, the heat transfer layer, heat pipes, the insulation layer and the back cover ; said collector layer comprises a light transmissive front window from the side, provided: an antireflection layer, a first dielectric layer, a semi-permeable metal layer, a second dielectric layer and a reflective layer; said first dielectric layer, a semi- permeable metal layer and the second dielectric layer comprises an optical interference system; material of the first dielectric layer and second dielectric layer NiCrOxNy, said semipermeable layer is made of NiCr metal alloy; said first dielectric layer and the second the thickness of the dielectric layer is 30 ~ 40nm, the thickness of the semi-permeable metal layer is 5 ~ 20nm.
  2. 2. 如权利要求1所述的集热器,其特征在于,所述减反射层的材质为NiCrOx,厚度为10~ 20nm〇 2. A collector according to claim 1, wherein said anti-reflective layer material NiCrO x, thickness of 10 to 20nm〇
  3. 3. 如权利要求1所述的集热器,其特征在于,所述透光前窗为表面具有紧密排列的六棱锥结构的布纹玻璃。 The collector of claim 1, wherein said light transmissive window having a front glass wove closely packed hexagonal pyramid structure of the surface.
  4. 4. 如权利要求1所述的集热器,其特征在于,所述受热管道为蛇形铜管。 4. A collector according to claim 1, wherein the heat pipe is a serpentine copper tube.
  5. 5. 如权利要求1所述的集热器,其特征在于,所述保温层包括厚度为30~60mm的岩棉保温层及形成于所述岩棉保温层与背板之间的厚度为20~40_的聚氨酯发泡层。 5. The heat collector according to claim 1, wherein said insulating layer comprises a thickness of 30 ~ 60mm and thickness of the rock wool insulation layer is formed between the rock wool insulation layer 20 and the backsheet ~ 40_ layer of polyurethane foam.
  6. 6. 如权利要求1所述的集热器,其特征在于,所述透光前窗和集热膜层之间存有空气层。 The collector as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that there between the air layer and a light transmissive window before the collector layer.
  7. 7. -种太阳能空调,包括太阳能集热器,其特征在于,所述太阳能集热器为权利要求1 至6任一项所述的集热器。 7. - kind of solar air-conditioning, comprising a solar collector, wherein said collector is a solar heat collector as claimed in claim any one of claims 1 to 6.
  8. 8. -种集热器的制造方法,其特征在于,包括下述步骤: 在传热层一表面上依次沉积反射层、第一介质层、半透金属层、第二介质层及减反射层,形成集热膜层;所述第一介质层、半透金属层及第二介质层构成光干涉系统,所述第一介质层和第二介质层的材料为NiCrO xNy,所述半透金属层的材料为NiCr合金;所述第一介质层和第二介质层的厚度为30~40nm,所述半透金属层的厚度为5~20nm; 在所述传热层的另一面固定受热管道,完成集热板的制作; 在所述集热板的周围设置边框,将集热板固定于所述边框之内; 在所述受热管道的背面依次设置保温层及后壳,并将所述后壳与所述边框密封连接; 在所述集热膜层之上设置透光前窗,并将所述透光前窗与所述边框密封连接。 8. - A method for producing seed collector, characterized by comprising the steps of: on a surface of the heat transfer layer are sequentially deposited a reflective layer, a first dielectric layer, a semi-permeable metal layer, a second dielectric layer and the antireflective layer forming the collector layer; a first dielectric layer, a metal layer and a second semi-permeable dielectric layer comprises an optical interference system, the material of the first dielectric layer and second dielectric layer NiCrO xNy, the semipermeable metal NiCr an alloy material layer; the thickness of the first dielectric layer and the second dielectric layer is 30 ~ 40nm, the thickness of the metal layer is semipermeable 5 ~ 20nm; on the other surface of the heat transfer layer of the heat pipe is fixed , to complete the production of the heat collecting plate; border is provided around the heat collecting plate, the collecting plate is fixed to the inside of the bezel; and the insulation layer are sequentially disposed on the back surface of the rear housing of the heat pipe, and the rear housing connected to the frame seal; translucent front window disposed over the collector layer and the light transmissive front window frame sealing the connection.
  9. 9. 如权利要求8所述的制造方法,其特征在于,所述受热管道采用蛇形铜管。 The manufacturing method as claimed in claim 8, wherein said serpentine heat pipe brass.
CN 201310344350 2013-08-08 2013-08-08 One kind of collector, and a method of manufacturing a solar air collector CN104344573B (en)

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CN101726122A (en) * 2008-10-29 2010-06-09 深圳市拓日新能源科技股份有限公司 Flat plate type solar heat collector
EP2251311A2 (en) * 2000-07-10 2010-11-17 Guardian Industries Corp. Heat treatable low-e coated articles and methods of making same

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WO2003042122A2 (en) * 2001-11-09 2003-05-22 Guardian Industries Corp. Coated article with improved barrier layer structure and method of making the same
CN101726122A (en) * 2008-10-29 2010-06-09 深圳市拓日新能源科技股份有限公司 Flat plate type solar heat collector

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