CN104344075A - Rapid hoisting and mounting method for suspending temporary air/water pipeline on shaft wall in vertical shaft construction - Google Patents

Rapid hoisting and mounting method for suspending temporary air/water pipeline on shaft wall in vertical shaft construction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104344075A
CN104344075A CN201410574386.7A CN201410574386A CN104344075A CN 104344075 A CN104344075 A CN 104344075A CN 201410574386 A CN201410574386 A CN 201410574386A CN 104344075 A CN104344075 A CN 104344075A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pipeline
lift
shaft
installation
borehole
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410574386.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104344075B (en
Inventor
张传余
张韬
杨聪慧
张贤德
鲁小龙
殷传林
Original Assignee
铜陵有色金属集团铜冠矿山建设股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201410574386.7A priority Critical patent/CN104344075B/en
Publication of CN104344075A publication Critical patent/CN104344075A/en
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Publication of CN104344075B publication Critical patent/CN104344075B/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L1/00Laying or reclaiming pipes; Repairing or joining pipes on or under water
    • F16L1/024Laying or reclaiming pipes on land, e.g. above the ground
    • F16L1/028Laying or reclaiming pipes on land, e.g. above the ground in the ground
    • F16L1/036Laying or reclaiming pipes on land, e.g. above the ground in the ground the pipes being composed of sections of short length

Abstract

The invention discloses mounting of a temporary air/water pipeline in the deep vertical shaft and super-deep vertical shaft construction process, and particularly discloses a rapid hoisting and mounting method for suspending a temporary air/water pipeline on a shaft wall in vertical shaft construction. The method is particularly applicable to temporary suspension of articles such as an air supply tube, a water discharge tube, a water supply tube and an under-shaft air ventilation cylinder in the underground mining super-deep vertical shaft construction process. The rapid hoisting and mounting method is high in efficiency, high in security coefficient, energy-saving and capable of effectively reducing the working intensity of construction operators.

Description

Shaft construction adopts the borehole wall to hang the quick handling of interim geomantic omen pipeline and installation method

Technical field

The present invention relates to underground mining field, particularly relate in underground mine extra deep shaft work progress and hang for airduct, waste pipe, water pipe and underground ventilating air duct etc. temporarily.

Background technique

Along with shaft mineshaft construction is more and more darker, for saving construction cost, what temporary construction was used adopts the borehole wall to beat the mode of rockbolt installation girder steel hanging for airduct, waste pipe, water pipe and air duct mostly, the method of traditional water pipe of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar adopts lift once to hang a pipeline geomantic omen pipe and air duct etc. to get on the hanging scaffold of down-hole, installation personnel takes over road at hanging scaffold, then lift makes a call to second again, so repeatedly.According to statistics, once adapter needs air duct one, one, waste pipe, water pipe one, and water receiving circle Guan Yigen, air duct two saves.Lift runs up and down at least wants 12 circulations, and comprise earth's surface hanging on well is shallow next time and want 25 minutes, well depth wants more than 30 minute.So, connect once pipe beat and transport time of adding together 2 and a half hours by 3 hours between, add the installation time, more than 7 ~ 8 hour.And for convenience of adapter, drum safe umbrella must be good at well head card, do not have balladeur train like this, and drum is walked hook at deep-well and dare not be raised speed, and boom hoist cable swings greatly in pit shaft, has security risk.

Summary of the invention

When the object of the invention is to solve shaft mineshaft construction, installation is interim long with the geomantic omen pipeline time, efficiency is low, have the problem of security risk, provides a kind of shaft construction to adopt the borehole wall to hang the quick handling of interim geomantic omen pipeline and installation method.

The technical solution used in the present invention is: shaft construction adopts the borehole wall to hang the quick handling of interim geomantic omen pipeline and installation method, the steps include: 1) pipeline and air duct etc. are transported to well head and discharge is neat; 2) pipeline is tied up short silk head by pit shaft one end and firmly connects with rigging shackle, and pipeline afterbody one threads head is tied up; 3) buckled by the short silk string for binding a plait tied up and be linked into lift gib head, long filament string for binding a plait is buckled and is hung up by geomantic omen pipe etc. with the air hoist traction of one, earth's surface, makes it lift and does not play draw with earth surface; 4) lift slow start, air hoist lifts by crane to combine simultaneously and is drawn in pit shaft correct position by pipeline; 5) after stable in pit shaft, remove air hoist long filament head until pipeline, and with ready short iron wire, several pipelines are fixed at afterbody; 6) lift is transferred after in pipeline to shaft bottom hanging scaffold well-bucket horn mouth temporarily motionless; 7) hanging scaffold installation personnel grab loader safety rope lifts the pipeline on lift gib head respectively and is lifted out well-bucket horn mouth one meter of eminence, and then stable car is transferred and entered in the provided pipe crossing above hanging scaffold by BOP traction; 8) installation personnel carries out abutting joint to after line upper portion centering with the pipeline on the borehole wall; 9) pipeline installed is corrected and checked and accepted, ensure that pipeline overlaps with design attitude.

As a further improvement on the present invention, in step one, pipeline is put neatly, and welded on ground by pipeline two ends flange plate, length of pipe is 9M or 12M.

As a further improvement on the present invention, step 2 short-and-medium silk head jack line is made, and its length is 9 ~ 12M, and several jack line length is substantially equal, and sling is in the same size.

As a further improvement on the present invention, in step 4, lift will slowly lift by crane, in lifting process, coordinate the direction of adjustment pipeline and position to ensure that pipeline can enter in shaft location smoothly with one, earth's surface air hoist.

As a further improvement on the present invention, in step 6, lift will slow down after running to hanging scaffold position, shaft bottom, enters after hanging scaffold well-bucket horn mouth until pipeline, and lift gib head distance about 1 ~ 1.5M high position, well-bucket horn mouth position stops waits for that hanging scaffold installation personnel unloads pipeline and installs.

Further improve as of the present invention, described many pipelines are hung on gib head, utilize the safety rope hanging the stable car of grab loader respectively many pipelines to be decomposed away installation.

The beneficial effect that the present invention adopts is: adopt tool of the present invention to have the following advantages: 1) efficiency is high, former geomantic omen pipeline is that a handling is installed to the hanging scaffold of down-hole, now change into and disposablely to install in all pipeline handlings to hanging scaffold, lift greatly reduces at pit shaft working time, and handling and installation efficiency improve greatly; 2) Security is improved, owing to decreasing the number of times of pit shaft handling pipeline, the personnel that relatively decrease are in the wellbore operations time, and Safety performance is improved, the safe umbrella of lift can be synchronously upper and lower with lift gib head in addition, also ensure that the safe operation of pipeline in well; 3) energy-conservation, owing to greatly reducing the number of times that lift runs up and down at pit shaft, effectively save the energy consumption of lift; 4) labor intensity of installation personnel reduces, and because the disposable handling of all pipelines is on hanging scaffold, wellbore operations personnel wait for that the handling time greatly reduces, and therefore installation personnel is in wellbore operations time decreased, and labor intensity reduces further.The present invention is widely used in the installation of interim geomantic omen pipeline in shaft construction process, is particularly suitable for hanging for objects such as airduct, waste pipe, water pipe and underground ventilating air ducts in the dark vertical of underground mine and extra deep shaft work progress temporarily, and effect is more obvious.

Embodiment

The present invention is described further below.

Shaft construction adopts the borehole wall to hang the quick handling of interim geomantic omen pipeline and installation method, the steps include: 1) pipeline and air duct etc. are transported to well head and discharge is neat; 2) pipeline is tied up short silk head by pit shaft one end and firmly connects with rigging shackle, and pipeline afterbody one threads head is tied up; 3) buckled by the short silk string for binding a plait tied up and be linked into lift gib head, long filament string for binding a plait is buckled and is hung up by geomantic omen pipe etc. with the air hoist traction of one, earth's surface, makes it lift and does not play draw with earth surface; 4) lift slow start, air hoist lifts by crane to combine simultaneously and is drawn in pit shaft correct position by pipeline; 5) after stable in pit shaft, remove air hoist long filament head until pipeline, and with ready short iron wire, several pipelines are fixed at afterbody; 6) lift is transferred after in pipeline to shaft bottom hanging scaffold well-bucket horn mouth temporarily motionless; 7) hanging scaffold installation personnel grab loader safety rope lifts the pipeline on lift gib head respectively and is lifted out well-bucket horn mouth one meter of eminence, and then stable car is transferred and entered in the provided pipe crossing above hanging scaffold by BOP traction; 8) installation personnel carries out abutting joint to after line upper portion centering with the pipeline on the borehole wall; 9) pipeline installed is corrected and checked and accepted, ensure that pipeline overlaps with design attitude.

Pipeline crane operation main points:

Safety performance for the lift of pipeline handling and installation will be in serviceable condition.Lift gib head insurance card is perfect.Fortune pipeline is beaten on earth's surface and shaft bottom hanging scaffold installation personnel is shown up respectively and dressed labour protection articles for use, and hanging scaffold staff wears safety strip and waits in shaft bottom.

Pipeline will be transported to well head vantage point and be well placed before handling, and pipeline two ends flange plate welds, and for trying one's best when airduct, waste pipe, water pipe buying, purchase length is consistent, is advisable with 9 meters of length or 12 meters.

Short silk head (jack line) sling of suspention pipeline must do perfect and by coming into operation after hoisting test, short silk head (jack line) cut to lengthen is advisable between 12 meters at 9 meters, and several jack line length is substantially equal, and sling is in the same size.

Must tie up when short silk head (jack line) ties up every root pipeline and lock with rope rig shackle.

Be linked in lift gib head by short silk head (jack line) the other end sling, gib head insurance card must be improved and absolute guarantee is not broken off relations.

During handling pipeline, lift will slowly lift by crane, in lifting process, coordinate the direction of adjustment pipeline and position to ensure that pipeline can enter in shaft location smoothly with one, earth's surface air hoist.

Tighten with No. 10 short iron wires in the lower end of pipeline after pipeline is stablized after pipeline enters shaft location, prevent pipeline in lifting runs from rocking.

Above-mentioned work complete inspection well head surrounding, without after potential safety hazard, aid work can send the handling work that signal carries out pipeline.

Lift will slow down after running to hanging scaffold position, shaft bottom, enters after hanging scaffold well-bucket horn mouth until pipeline, and lift gib head distance high position, about 1 ~ 1.5 meter, well-bucket horn mouth position stops waits for that hanging scaffold installation personnel unloads pipeline and installs.

Pipeline Installation features:

Grab loader safety rope is transferred by the installation personnel on hanging scaffold, and on safety rope, one is sling, with rigging shackle by firm for the pipeline safety rope locking needing to install.

Slow start grab loader stable car, stops after safety rope is stressed, removes former lifting gib head and to lock the silk head on fixed tube road, and lift at this moment can be signaled to promote certain height, the height of lifting with do not affect grab loader safety rope up and down and operating personnel's installation be as the criterion.

Slow start grab loader stable car again, installation pipeline is lifted out hanging scaffold well-bucket horn mouth to stop, then, after manually promoting pipeline to line portals position, hanging scaffold geomantic omen, signal and slowly transfer stable car to the pipeline lower position on the line upper portion that need install and the former borehole wall is close.

Installation personnel carries out adjustment and the docking of upper lower pipeline, with screw by upper lower pipeline and flange plate fastening good.And check that installation is without arming rope after quality problems.Now first pipeline installs and can install second pipeline or air duct.

First time pipeline parking spot transferred to by aid work signalling lift, with rigging shackle by firm for the pipeline safety rope locking needing to install, slow start grab loader stable car, stop after safety rope is stressed, remove former lifting gib head to lock the silk head on fixed tube road, at this moment can signal promotes certain height by lift.Slow start grab loader stable car again, installation pipeline is lifted out hanging scaffold well-bucket horn mouth to stop, then, after manually promoting pipeline to line portals position, hanging scaffold geomantic omen, signal and slowly transfer stable car to the pipeline lower position on the line upper portion that need install and the former borehole wall is close.

Installation personnel carries out adjustment and the docking of upper lower pipeline again, with screw by upper lower pipeline and flange plate fastening good.And check that installation is without arming rope after quality problems.Now second pipeline installs and can install the 3rd pipeline or air duct.Several times after circulation, all pipelines are all connected complete with air duct etc.

Be fixed on borehole wall anchor pole beam with pipe clamp respectively by geomantic omen pipeline and air duct, adjustment and check that the pipeline installed is complete without being connected with bolt after quality and safety problem, installment work all terminates.

The empty gib head gug of lift, well-bucket is linked into gib head and well-bucket is transferred to hanging scaffold position by earth's surface lifting people, now hanging scaffold installation personnel is transferred grab loader safety rope and is fixedly secured by center steering grab loader, and checks that tank is waited at hanging scaffold home after accessible in fabricating yard.Safe gug behind hanging scaffold position is arrived until well-bucket.

The borehole wall hangs handling and the installation of interim geomantic omen pipeline, is that every two to three moulds (every mould concrete height about 4 meters) carry out once in shaft construction process, takies shaft construction subsidiary operation time many.For improving work efficiency, adopt the present invention, many pipelines are tied up with many short silk heads (jack line) respectively, with a threads and multiple rope rig shackle, they are coupled together, disposable then the position of the many whole handlings of pipeline to hanging scaffold utilized the insurance steel cable of center steering grab loader that pipeline is decomposed away and installed respectively, such pipeline handling time in the wellbore shortens greatly, namely safety turn improves effect, has saved the time.Water pipe of at every turn giving a dinner for a visitor from afar is minimum has saved more than 3 ~ 4 hours, and water pipe of giving a dinner for a visitor from afar now just can all terminate for the most multiplex four hours.Adopt this kind of method greatly to save and to reduce in work progress and take pit shaft subsidiary operation time, thus improve shaft construction efficiency.

Tool of the present invention is adopted to have the following advantages: 1) efficiency is high, former geomantic omen pipeline is that a handling is installed to the hanging scaffold of down-hole, now change into and disposablely to install in all pipeline handlings to hanging scaffold, lift greatly reduces at pit shaft working time, and handling and installation efficiency improve greatly; 2) Security is improved, and owing to decreasing the number of times of pit shaft handling pipeline, the personnel that relatively decrease are in the wellbore operations time, and Safety performance is improved; The safe umbrella of lift can be synchronously upper and lower with lift gib head in addition, also ensure that the safe operation of pipeline in well; 3) energy-conservation, owing to greatly reducing the number of times that lift runs up and down at pit shaft, effectively save the energy consumption of lift; 4) labor intensity of installation personnel reduces, and because the disposable handling of all pipelines is on hanging scaffold, wellbore operations personnel wait for that the handling time greatly reduces, and therefore installation personnel is in wellbore operations time decreased, and labor intensity reduces further.The present invention is widely used in the installation of interim geomantic omen pipeline in shaft construction process, is particularly suitable for hanging for objects such as airduct, waste pipe, water pipe and underground ventilating air ducts in underground mine extra deep shaft work progress temporarily, and effect is more obvious.

Those skilled in the art should know; protection scheme of the present invention is not limited only to the above embodiments; various permutation and combination and conversion can also be carried out on the basis of above-described embodiment; under the prerequisite without prejudice to spirit of the present invention, the various conversion that the present invention carries out all are dropped in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. shaft construction adopts the borehole wall to hang the quick handling of interim geomantic omen pipeline and installation method, the steps include:
Pipeline and air duct etc. are transported to well head and discharge is neat;
Pipeline is tied up short silk head by pit shaft one end and firmly connects with rigging shackle, and pipeline afterbody one threads head is tied up;
Buckled by the short silk string for binding a plait tied up and be linked into lift gib head, long filament string for binding a plait is buckled and is drawn hangings such as geomantic omen pipes with one, earth's surface air hoist, makes it lift and does not play draw with earth surface;
Lift slow start, air hoist lifts by crane to combine simultaneously and is drawn in pit shaft correct position by pipeline;
After stable in pit shaft, remove air hoist long filament head until pipeline, and with ready short iron wire, several pipeline afterbodys are fixed;
Lift is transferred after in pipeline to shaft bottom hanging scaffold well-bucket horn mouth temporarily motionless;
Hanging scaffold installation personnel grab loader safety rope lifts the pipeline on lift gib head respectively and is lifted out well-bucket horn mouth one meter of eminence, and then stable car is transferred and entered in the pipeline reserved opening above hanging scaffold by BOP traction;
Installation personnel carries out abutting joint to after line upper portion centering with the pipeline on the borehole wall;
The pipeline installed is corrected and checked and accepted, ensures that pipeline overlaps with design attitude.
2. shaft construction according to claim 1 adopts the borehole wall to hang the quick handling of interim geomantic omen pipeline and installation method, and it is characterized in that in described step one, pipeline is put neatly, welded on ground by pipeline two ends flange plate, length of pipe is 9M or 12M.
3. shaft construction according to claim 1 adopts the borehole wall to hang the quick handling of interim geomantic omen pipeline and installation method, it is characterized in that described step 2 short-and-medium silk head jack line is made, its length is 9M ~ 12M, and several jack line length is substantially equal, and sling is in the same size.
4. shaft construction according to claim 1 adopts the borehole wall to hang the quick handling of interim geomantic omen pipeline and installation method, it is characterized in that in described step 4, lift will slowly lift by crane, in lifting process, coordinate the direction of adjustment pipeline and position to ensure that pipeline can enter in shaft location smoothly with one, earth's surface air hoist.
5. shaft construction according to claim 1 adopts the borehole wall to hang the quick handling of interim geomantic omen pipeline and installation method, it is characterized in that in described step 6, lift will slow down after running to hanging scaffold position, shaft bottom, enter after hanging scaffold well-bucket horn mouth until pipeline, lift gib head distance about 1 ~ 1.5M high position, well-bucket horn mouth position stops waits for that hanging scaffold installation personnel unloads pipeline and installs.
6. shaft construction as claimed in any of claims 1 to 5 adopts the borehole wall to hang the quick handling of interim geomantic omen pipeline and installation method, it is characterized in that described many pipelines are hung on gib head, then utilize the stable car safety rope hanging grab loader respectively many pipelines to be decomposed away and install.
CN201410574386.7A 2014-10-24 2014-10-24 Shaft construction hangs the quick handling of interim edema due to wind pathogen pipeline and installation method using the borehole wall CN104344075B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410574386.7A CN104344075B (en) 2014-10-24 2014-10-24 Shaft construction hangs the quick handling of interim edema due to wind pathogen pipeline and installation method using the borehole wall

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410574386.7A CN104344075B (en) 2014-10-24 2014-10-24 Shaft construction hangs the quick handling of interim edema due to wind pathogen pipeline and installation method using the borehole wall

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CN104344075B CN104344075B (en) 2017-03-29

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108626482A (en) * 2018-04-23 2018-10-09 西山煤电建筑工程集团有限公司矿建第分公司 The construction method of vertical gas pipe is installed using anti-well drilling machine

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202039851U (en) * 2011-05-09 2011-11-16 中煤邯郸第四十九矿山工程有限公司 Lifting device of shaft sleeve inner wall construction assembling template
CN101993002B (en) * 2009-08-11 2013-04-24 中煤第五建设公司 Automatic lift type shaft hanging stage
WO2014014354A2 (en) * 2012-07-20 2014-01-23 J.F. Karsten Beheer B.V. Method for laying a pipeline
CN103601089A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-02-26 山东矿业管理技术服务集团有限公司 Shaft construction air duct suspension method
CN103775734A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-05-07 山西四建集团有限公司 Large-diameter underground gas drainage pipeline system construction method

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101993002B (en) * 2009-08-11 2013-04-24 中煤第五建设公司 Automatic lift type shaft hanging stage
CN202039851U (en) * 2011-05-09 2011-11-16 中煤邯郸第四十九矿山工程有限公司 Lifting device of shaft sleeve inner wall construction assembling template
WO2014014354A2 (en) * 2012-07-20 2014-01-23 J.F. Karsten Beheer B.V. Method for laying a pipeline
CN103601089A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-02-26 山东矿业管理技术服务集团有限公司 Shaft construction air duct suspension method
CN103775734A (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-05-07 山西四建集团有限公司 Large-diameter underground gas drainage pipeline system construction method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108626482A (en) * 2018-04-23 2018-10-09 西山煤电建筑工程集团有限公司矿建第分公司 The construction method of vertical gas pipe is installed using anti-well drilling machine

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