CN104341184A - Manufacturing and application method of agricultural environment-friendly fertilizer - Google Patents

Manufacturing and application method of agricultural environment-friendly fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104341184A
CN104341184A CN201310310703.XA CN201310310703A CN104341184A CN 104341184 A CN104341184 A CN 104341184A CN 201310310703 A CN201310310703 A CN 201310310703A CN 104341184 A CN104341184 A CN 104341184A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
ash
crop
mixture
lime
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201310310703.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
石荣斌
覃作高
Original Assignee
石荣斌
覃作高
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 石荣斌, 覃作高 filed Critical 石荣斌
Priority to CN201310310703.XA priority Critical patent/CN104341184A/en
Publication of CN104341184A publication Critical patent/CN104341184A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C9/00Fertilisers containing urea or urea compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D1/00Fertilisers containing potassium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/60Biocides or preservatives, e.g. disinfectants, pesticides or herbicides; Pest repellants or attractants
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention relates to manufacturing and an application method of an agricultural environment-friendly fertilizer, belongs to the field of fertilizers, and especially relates to a fertilizer for crops and greening grasses and trees, wherein the fertilizer can increase the crop output, prevent and control the diseases and insects, and improve the environment. The fertilizer is mainly composed of garbage capable of being recycled and used to prepare fertilizer, manures of human, livestock, poultry, and insects, turf ash, crop hulls and rods, tobacco rods, lime, and biogas water. The lime, tea seed husk, tea bran, and tobacco rods have the function of preventing and treating diseases and pests. The fertilizer is prepared by the following steps: burning rape husk, tea seed husk, tobacco rods, and tea bran into ash, then evenly mixing the ash with processed standard garbage, manure of human, livestock, poultry, and pests, turf ash, and lime, completely wetting the mixture by biogas water, covering the mixture with a film, carrying out fermentation, after the fermentation squeezing the mixture by a squeezer to remove the water, adding urea accounting for 30% of the total weight of the dried mixture, evenly stirring, granulating, drying by baking, and packaging so as to obtain the finished product of fertilizer. The fertilizer application method is varied according to the crops, ground conditions, and fertilizing periods, and is used through a conventional fertilizing method.

Description

A kind of making of agriculture ring fertilizer and using method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agriculture ring fertilizer, especially one can high yield again can diseases prevention worm, and can the farm crop of environmental protect and the making of greening vegetation fertilizer and using method thereof.
Technical background
Existing fertilizer has a variety of in the market, and various fertilizer respectively has advantage, but not too obvious to the effect of increasing production of farm crop, more can not insect pests.
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of peasant of allowing to use relieved agriculture ring fertilizer, make crop yield, again can insect pests.
Summary of the invention
Agriculture ring fertilizer of the present invention is made up of this several raw material, mainly can reclaim the rubbish of composting, people livestock and poultry fecula stool, turf ash, farm crop shell bar (as tea seed episperm, tea bran), tobacco rod, lime, marsh gas water.Because lime, tea seed episperm, tea bran, tobacco rod, have effect of good insect pests.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above taked technical scheme: a kind of making of agriculture ring fertilizer and using method thereof, and it is prepared from according to following steps:
(1) rape shell and herb, tobacco rod (fragmentation), tea bran, tea seed episperm incinerated with the standard rubbish handled well, mix people and animals worm excrement, turf ash (comprising plant ash), lime under agitation are even, drench with marsh gas water again, coating film, fermentation 15-20 days;
(2) extrude moisture through squeezing machine after fermentation ends, then add the urea of its total amount about 30%, mix thoroughly, granulate, dry, packaging is finished product fertilizer of the present invention.
The usage of this agriculture ring fertilizer: different and different according to crop varieties, land occupation condition, fertilizing time, fertilizing method is used routinely.As nonirrigated farmland ditch or blinding after spreading manuer in holes, after paddy field shallow water arrheas and spreads fertilizer over the fields, suitable raking.And for example fertilizing time: when making base fertilizer, prior to seeding, executes down wholely, generally executes below topsoil 10-20 centimetre.Should impose on the surface area of plough sole, this is all applicable to various crop.So ploughing-under fertilization is a kind of simple and easy to do good method.The method of ploughing-under fertilization has be first fertilizer fallen apart in earth's surface plough plough under soil at two: one again, namely loosely before plough executes; Two is, cultivation operation while, fertilizer is applied ditch dug with a plow, i.e. ditch spread after plough.Both compare, and the latter is excellent.In Shui Geng district, must to be fertilising synchronously carry out with ploughing base fertilizer deep placement, and the depth of water is 1-2 centimetre, neither affects work, can ensure again fertilising quality.When doing seed manure, must note isolating with seed manure, avoid seed of burning.Generally impose on below topsoil 3-6 centimetre as well.Execute seed manure and should consider the sector region that plant growth root system will reach.Generally, during the nutrient depletion of seed own, wheat can be taken root 5-8 centimetre, and fan angle is at about 90 degree.The narrow shape crops such as the wheat that this all grain is less with immediately below deep placement as well; Plant the larger soybean of grain, the wide row crop of cotton with side lower deep placement as well.When topdressing, fertilization depth should not be too large, and the horizontal throw (side distance) apart from plant also should be suitable.Generally, in the ranks topdress, degree of depth 6-8 centimetre of the narrow shape crop such as wheat as well, and degree of depth 8-12 centimetre of corn, the wide row crop of cotton as well, and side is apart from 10-15 centimetre.Topdress generally to put and execute or spread manuer in holes in plant root in paddy field.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, agriculture ring fertilizer of the present invention, itself contains protein, after plant is drawn, directly forms plant materials, promotes growing, for high crop yield lays good basis, so farm crop do not need to use other fertilizer of plant materials; Because this fertilizer has the effect of insect pests, so just can reduce number of times and the consumption of agricultural chemicals use, quality is more excellent.
2, after agriculture ring incorporation of fertilizerin the soil, alleviate soil compaction, improve soil physical chemistry structure, increase the permeability of soil, promote the breeding of soil microorganisms, favourable plant root growth is grown.
3, environmental protection fertilizer promotes that soil microorganisms breeds after being manured into soil, and recovers soil fertility.Remove soil property to harden symptom, favourable farm crop root system development extends.Well developed root system, absorb amount of nutrients foot, metabolic function is good.
4, treating refuse technology is adopted: rubbish, the waste that can reclaim composting material various, mix (people livestock and poultry fecula stool, marsh gas water, rape shell and herb, tea seed episperm and tea bran, health organic fertilizer can be changed into, environment can have been administered again from source, make environment more clean, water source is not contaminated, beautiful environment, beautiful rural area, guarantee the people, especially the health of the rural area people.
5, agriculture ring fertilizer of the present invention, recycles part rural organic wastes, reduces ring compression, is conducive to cleaning project.
6, the using of agriculture ring fertilizer of the present invention, can excite plant endogenous hormones to secrete, and promotes that vegetable cell is tillered, increases the effective strain stem of roller, makes that crop yield is high, product are of fine quality.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, concrete scheme of the present invention is described further.Agriculture ring fertilizer of the present invention, through repetition test, uses, sums up, paddy rice, melon, beans, dish etc., with this agriculture ring fertilizer compared with other fertilizer, and every mu, paddy rice annual increase income 20%-30%, meter 250-300 kilogram; The volume increase of sugarcane every mu year 15%-20%, 750-1000 kilogram, the volume increase of beans, melon, dish, peanut every mu 30%-40%, 150-250 kilogram, the volume increase of corn etc. every mu ground 25%-35%, 150-200 kilogram, cotton mu volume increase 20%-30%.
Embodiment 1
Stream village Qin Zuogao is agree in Milky Way town, Luo Cheng county, by the fertile every mu of units increased in production of agriculture ring: paddy rice 200-300 kilogram, 100-150 kilogram, beans 125-200 kilogram, dish 100-200 kilogram.
Embodiment 2
Great Meng village, Long An town, Luo Cheng county receives cold village, and the farm crop covering Rong Min house use the fertile mu units increased in production of this agriculture ring: paddy rice 300-350 kilogram, dish 100-150 kilogram, beans 175-225 kilogram.

Claims (3)

1. an agriculture ring fertilizer, is characterized in that, is prepared from according to following steps:
(1) rape shell and herb, tea seed episperm, tobacco rod, tea bran incinerated with the standard rubbish handled well, mix people and animals worm excrement, turf ash (comprising plant ash), lime under agitation are even, drench with marsh gas water again, coating film, fermentation 15-20 days;
(2) extrude moisture through squeezing machine after fermentation ends, then add the urea of its total amount 30%, mix thoroughly, granulate, dry, packaging is finished product fertilizer of the present invention.
2. agriculture ring according to claim 1 is fertile, it is characterized in that its using method: according to crop and afforest vegetation kind, land occupation condition, fertilizing time are different and different, fertilizing method is used routinely.As nonirrigated farmland ditch or blinding after spreading manuer in holes, after paddy field shallow water arrheas and spreads fertilizer over the fields, suitable raking.
3. agriculture ring according to claim 1 is fertile, it is characterized in that it can be used for farm crop and greening vegetation.
CN201310310703.XA 2013-07-24 2013-07-24 Manufacturing and application method of agricultural environment-friendly fertilizer Pending CN104341184A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310310703.XA CN104341184A (en) 2013-07-24 2013-07-24 Manufacturing and application method of agricultural environment-friendly fertilizer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310310703.XA CN104341184A (en) 2013-07-24 2013-07-24 Manufacturing and application method of agricultural environment-friendly fertilizer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104341184A true CN104341184A (en) 2015-02-11

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CN201310310703.XA Pending CN104341184A (en) 2013-07-24 2013-07-24 Manufacturing and application method of agricultural environment-friendly fertilizer

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106007972A (en) * 2016-05-24 2016-10-12 南宁圣特生物科技有限公司 Tea bran biofertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106187349A (en) * 2016-08-14 2016-12-07 余颖恒 A kind of preparation method of Amur honeysuckle tree planting biological organic fertilizer
CN106316523A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-11 北海市伟恒生态农业有限公司 Pumpkin fertilizer
CN106518235A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-03-22 贵州广大生态农业发展有限公司 Culture method for high-yield strawberries
CN108328716A (en) * 2018-02-11 2018-07-27 昆山历居山水食品有限公司 A kind of improvement cultivation shrimp crab water body method
CN108476903A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-09-04 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 One method to grow tobacco with rice rice field-upland field rotation and the reparation of mineral nutrition original place

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1368487A (en) * 2001-02-01 2002-09-11 张显军 Formula and process for preparing efficient biological organic (or semi-organic) fertilizer
CN1900024A (en) * 2005-07-19 2007-01-24 孙逸龙 Method for producing organic composite medicine fertilizer anaerobically fermented city life garbage
CN101575252A (en) * 2009-04-27 2009-11-11 贵州华农生物肥业有限公司 Organic compound fertilizer special for tea and preparation method thereof
CN102964159A (en) * 2012-11-07 2013-03-13 无锡保利化肥有限公司 Environment-friendly compound fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1368487A (en) * 2001-02-01 2002-09-11 张显军 Formula and process for preparing efficient biological organic (or semi-organic) fertilizer
CN1900024A (en) * 2005-07-19 2007-01-24 孙逸龙 Method for producing organic composite medicine fertilizer anaerobically fermented city life garbage
CN101575252A (en) * 2009-04-27 2009-11-11 贵州华农生物肥业有限公司 Organic compound fertilizer special for tea and preparation method thereof
CN102964159A (en) * 2012-11-07 2013-03-13 无锡保利化肥有限公司 Environment-friendly compound fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106007972A (en) * 2016-05-24 2016-10-12 南宁圣特生物科技有限公司 Tea bran biofertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106187349A (en) * 2016-08-14 2016-12-07 余颖恒 A kind of preparation method of Amur honeysuckle tree planting biological organic fertilizer
CN106316523A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-11 北海市伟恒生态农业有限公司 Pumpkin fertilizer
CN106518235A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-03-22 贵州广大生态农业发展有限公司 Culture method for high-yield strawberries
CN108476903A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-09-04 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 One method to grow tobacco with rice rice field-upland field rotation and the reparation of mineral nutrition original place
CN108328716A (en) * 2018-02-11 2018-07-27 昆山历居山水食品有限公司 A kind of improvement cultivation shrimp crab water body method

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Application publication date: 20150211