CN104335964A - Floating wave energy oxygen supply device using gravity pendulum - Google Patents

Floating wave energy oxygen supply device using gravity pendulum Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104335964A
CN104335964A CN201410527852.6A CN201410527852A CN104335964A CN 104335964 A CN104335964 A CN 104335964A CN 201410527852 A CN201410527852 A CN 201410527852A CN 104335964 A CN104335964 A CN 104335964A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
oxygen supply
wave energy
piston
supply device
air
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410527852.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
彭伟
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Changsha University of Science and Technology
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Changsha University of Science and Technology
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Publication date
Application filed by Changsha University of Science and Technology filed Critical Changsha University of Science and Technology
Priority to CN201410527852.6A priority Critical patent/CN104335964A/en
Publication of CN104335964A publication Critical patent/CN104335964A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/042Introducing gases into the water, e.g. aerators, air pumps

Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of novel renewable energy technologies and aquaculture devices, and particularly relates to a floating wave energy oxygen supply device using a gravity pendulum. The floating wave energy oxygen supply device comprises air compressing pipes, a pendulum plate, upright posts, fixed pulleys, a steel cable, a piston, air one-way valves, underwater one-way valves, a rotating shaft and fish raising chambers. The floating wave energy oxygen supply device is characterized in that the whole floating wave energy oxygen supply device is installed on a sea foundation through the upright posts; a closed cabin is installed above the upright posts; the air compressing pipes and the piston are installed inside the cabin; the rotating shaft and the pendulum plate are installed between the two upright posts; the rotating shaft is fixed on a bottom plate of a power-generating cabin; the pendulum plate is connected with the piston through the steel cable and the fixed pulleys; the fish raising chambers are positioned on two sides of the floating wave energy oxygen supply device, and are communicated with the oxygen supply device through the air compressing pipes. Through design of the floating wave energy oxygen supply device, by virtue of change of seawater flow rate along with transmission of wave, air in the air compressing pipes can be driven to flow and oxygen is supplied for the fish raising chamber, the floating wave energy oxygen supply device has relatively high reliability and is easy to manufacture, install and move.

Description

A kind of floating-type wave energy apparatus of oxygen supply utilizing gravity bob
Technical field
The invention belongs to novel renewable energy technology and aquaculture device field, particularly a kind of floating-type wave energy apparatus of oxygen supply utilizing gravity bob.
Background technology
Scientific culture fish are very important in increase total fish catches.In recent years, people take multi items breeding way, extensively adopt aerator oxygenation, improve the ways such as breeding density, excavate water body productive potential, output is significantly increased.Contemporaneity, the ocean energy cause as one of the essential reproducible energy also obtains and develops on a large scale very much, and ocean energy application technology reaches its maturity, and illustrates rosy prospect for the mankind make full use of ocean energy in 21 century.Thus, there is huge meaning in conjunction with exploitation of marine energy and fish culture two fields for its respective development, also there is possibility technically.
At present, main in the world wave energy apparatus can be divided into three classes according to its general principle that generates electricity: oscillaton water column type, vibration pendulum are board-like and get over waves.Wherein, offshore formula wave energy apparatus receives study widely owing to being easy to the features such as installation and maintenance, construction cost be low.Meanwhile, residing for it, wave energy density in region is relatively high, is not easy again to be subject to the boisterous impacts such as typhoon.In the last few years, this kind of wave energy apparatus obtained larger development.In order to reduce the cost built and safeguard, offshore formula wave energy apparatus and cultivation fishing case being combined is a direction having much prospect.Utilize wave energy directly to promote oxygen in fishing case and suspended matter circulation, be conducive to reducing using and consumption to electric energy of mechanized equipment.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: the deficiency such as the cost overcoming above-mentioned existing wave-powered energy technology is higher, maintenance cost is high and energy conversion efficiency is low, a kind of floating-type wave energy apparatus of oxygen supply utilizing gravity bob is provided, the change that it can utilize seawater velocity to produce with wave transmission, drive the flowing of the ducted air of air compressing, and oxygen supply is carried out to the room of breeding fish, there is higher reliability, be easy to manufacture, install and move.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
Utilize a floating-type wave energy apparatus of oxygen supply for gravity bob, comprise air compressing pipeline, pendulum plate, column, fixed pulley, wirerope, piston, air check valve, under water check valve, rotating shaft and room of breeding fish.It is characterized in that: device entirety is laid on a foundation at the seabed by column; Above column, enclosure is installed, air compressing pipeline and piston are installed in cabin; Lay rotating shaft and pendulum plate between two columns, the base plate in generating cabin is fixed in rotating shaft, and pendulum plate is connected with piston with fixed pulley by wirerope; Room of breeding fish is positioned at the both sides of device, and by air compressing pipeline and apparatus of oxygen supply UNICOM.
Described a kind of floating-type wave energy apparatus of oxygen supply utilizing gravity bob, is characterized in that: the pendulum plate left and right sides is all connected with wirerope and is connected with piston by fixed pulley.
Described a kind of floating-type wave energy apparatus of oxygen supply utilizing gravity bob, is characterized in that: the two ends cloth of passage residing for piston is placed with brake baffle.
Described a kind of floating-type wave energy apparatus of oxygen supply utilizing gravity bob, is characterized in that: the used room of breeding fish is hollow type casing.
Described a kind of floating-type wave energy apparatus of oxygen supply utilizing gravity bob, it is characterized in that: the top of air compressing pipeline is provided with the air check valve of air inlet, the bottom of air compressing pipeline is provided with the check valve under water of giving vent to anger.
Described a kind of floating-type wave energy apparatus of oxygen supply utilizing gravity bob, is characterized in that: pendulum plate is fixed by rotating shaft, has single rotational freedom.
Utilize the floating-type wave energy apparatus of oxygen supply of gravity bob directly to be laid on a foundation at the seabed by column, be applicable to offshore sea waters.The main part of device can adopt prefabricated on the coast, and utilize barge to drag to assigned address, submerged is installed.The change of the reciprocating kinetic energy of the water body that device mainly utilizes wave to cause, the size of its pendulum plate also can rationally increase, to improve the capture rate of wave energy.When stormy waves condition is comparatively severe, can easily pendulum plate be dismantled and be transported and leave, the safety of ensuring equipment.
When not having wave action, buoyancy and the gravity of pendulum plate reach poised state, pendulum plate transfixion.When wave is delivered to wave energy apparatus of oxygen supply, pendulum plate along with the change of water volume flow rate around axis of rotation, and then can drive wirerope and piston reciprocates.When water body is to left movement near works, be with movable pendulum plate to rotate clockwise around rotating shaft simultaneously, pull wirerope on the right side of pendulum plate together to left movement.Wirerope turning to by fixed pulley on the right side of pendulum plate, pull piston to move right, in the sports paired left side pipeline of piston, the compression effectiveness of air, causes the flowing of air in pipeline, air flows into the room of breeding fish on right side by check valve under water, for breeding fish room delivering oxygen in right side.Meanwhile, the air in the pipeline on the left of piston is subject to diluting effect, and air, by the check valve flowing into pipeline at pipeline top, supplements the air in pipeline.When near works, water sports direction changes, water body moves right is with movable pendulum plate to rotate counterclockwise simultaneously, pendulum plate around axis of rotation and pull pendulum plate on the left of wirerope move right, and then drive piston by wirerope and order about the flowing of air compressing ducted air, flow direction is contrary with a upper process, air to be breeded fish room delivering oxygen to left side, carries out replenish air to right side pipeline.So piston enters into a reciprocating circulation along with the effect of wave, and the gas in air compressing pipeline also back and forth flows, and gas ceaselessly flows through check valve, cures by oxygen therapy the room of breeding fish.When wave amplitude is larger, the brake baffle installed of piston both sides can the motion amplitude of effective control piston, in order to avoid damage plant equipment.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
The present invention is applicable to the immediate offshore area of wave energy resource compared with horn of plenty, adopts the design of the board-like wave energy apparatus of pendulum, can adapt to the incoming wave of all size; Effectively wave energy apparatus and fish culture box are combined, decrease construction and maintenance cost, avoid using plant equipment costly to carry out oxygenation to the room of breeding fish; Apparatus design form is simple, and adaptability is better, is convenient to manufacture, install and transfer, easily carries out care and maintenance.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the working state schematic representation that the present invention puts when plate rotates clockwise.
Fig. 3 is the working state schematic representation that the present invention puts when plate rotates counterclockwise.
In figure, 1-air compressing pipeline, 2-puts plate, 3-column, 4-fixed pulley, 5-table, 6-seabed, 7-wirerope, 8-piston, 9-air check valve, and 10-is check valve under water, and 11-breeds fish room, 12-brake baffle, 13-rotating shaft.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is described in detail.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, device entirety is placed in seafloor foundation 6 by column 3; Above column 3, enclosure is installed, air compressing pipeline 1 and piston 8 are installed in cabin; Rotating shaft 13 and pendulum plate 2 is laid between two columns 3; Rotating shaft 13 is fixed on the base plate of device superstructure, and pendulum plate 2 is fixed by rotating shaft 13; Pendulum plate 2 is connected with piston 8 with fixed pulley 4 by wirerope 7; Room 11 of breeding fish is positioned at the both sides of device, and by air compressing pipeline 1 and apparatus of oxygen supply UNICOM; Pendulum plate 2 left and right sides is all connected with wirerope 7 and is connected with piston 8 by fixed pulley 4; Residing for piston 8, the two ends cloth of passage is placed with brake baffle 12; The top of air compressing pipeline 1 is provided with the air check valve 9 of air inlet, and the bottom of air compressing pipeline is provided with the check valve under water 10 of giving vent to anger.
As shown in Figure 2, pendulum plate is when rotating clockwise, and gas flow to right side by outgassing nonreturn valve 10 and to breed fish room 11, flow into left side air compression pipe 1 by breather check valve 9.
As shown in Figure 3, pendulum plate is when rotating counterclockwise, and gas flow to left side by outgassing nonreturn valve 10 and to breed fish room 11, flow into right hand side air compression pipe 1 by breather check valve 9.
The operation principle of the present embodiment:
During actual use, overall fishing case apparatus is all in stationary state, and its upper face is positioned at above water.When not having wave action, buoyancy and the gravity of pendulum plate 2 reach poised state, pendulum plate 2 transfixion.When wave is delivered to wave energy apparatus of oxygen supply, pendulum plate 2 can rotate around rotating shaft 13 along with the change of water volume flow rate, so drive wirerope 7 and piston 8 reciprocating.When water body is to left movement near works, be with movable pendulum plate 2 to rotate clockwise around rotating shaft 13 simultaneously, pull wirerope 7 on the right side of pendulum plate 2 together to left movement.Wirerope 7 turning to by fixed pulley 4 on the right side of pendulum plate 2, pull piston 8 to move right, in the sports paired left side pipeline of piston 8, the compression effectiveness of air 1, causes the flowing of air in pipeline, air flows into the room 11 of breeding fish on right side by check valve 10 under water, for breeding fish room 11 delivering oxygen in right side.Meanwhile, in the pipeline on the left of piston 8, the air of 1 is subject to diluting effect, air by check valve 9 flowing into pipeline at pipeline top, in pipeline 1 air supplement.When near works, water sports direction changes, water body moves right is with movable pendulum plate 2 to rotate counterclockwise simultaneously, pendulum plate 2 rotates around rotating shaft 13 and pulls the wirerope 7 on the left of pendulum plate 2 to move right, and then drive piston 8 by wirerope 7 and order about the air flowing in air compressing pipeline 1, flow direction is contrary with a upper process, air to be breeded fish room 11 delivering oxygen to left side, carries out replenish air to right side pipeline 1.So piston 8 enters into a reciprocating circulation along with the effect of wave, and the gas in air compressing pipeline 1 also back and forth flows, and gas ceaselessly flows through check valve 9 and 10, and to breeding fish, room 11 is cured by oxygen therapy.When wave amplitude is larger, the brake baffle 12 installed of piston 8 both sides can the motion amplitude of effective control piston, in order to avoid damage plant equipment.
Although be described the preferred embodiments of the present invention above, the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, and above-mentioned embodiment is only schematic, is not restrictive.

Claims (6)

1. one kind utilizes the floating-type wave energy apparatus of oxygen supply of gravity bob, comprise air compressing pipeline, pendulum plate, column, fixed pulley, wirerope, piston, air check valve, under water check valve, rotating shaft and room of breeding fish, it is characterized in that: device entirety is laid on a foundation at the seabed by column; Above column, enclosure is installed, air compressing pipeline and piston are installed in cabin; Lay rotating shaft and pendulum plate between two columns, the base plate in generating cabin is fixed in rotating shaft, and pendulum plate is connected with piston with fixed pulley by wirerope; Room of breeding fish is positioned at the both sides of device, and by air compressing pipeline and apparatus of oxygen supply UNICOM.
2. the floating-type wave energy apparatus of oxygen supply utilizing gravity bob according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the pendulum plate left and right sides is all connected with wirerope and is connected with piston by fixed pulley.
3. the floating-type wave energy apparatus of oxygen supply utilizing gravity bob according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the two ends cloth of passage residing for piston is placed with brake baffle.
4. the floating-type wave energy apparatus of oxygen supply utilizing gravity bob according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the used room of breeding fish is hollow type casing.
5. the floating-type wave energy apparatus of oxygen supply utilizing gravity bob according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the top of air compressing pipeline is provided with the air check valve of air inlet, the bottom of air compressing pipeline is provided with the check valve under water of giving vent to anger.
6. the floating-type wave energy apparatus of oxygen supply utilizing gravity bob according to claim 1, is characterized in that: pendulum plate is fixed by rotating shaft, has single rotational freedom.
CN201410527852.6A 2014-10-09 2014-10-09 Floating wave energy oxygen supply device using gravity pendulum Pending CN104335964A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410527852.6A CN104335964A (en) 2014-10-09 2014-10-09 Floating wave energy oxygen supply device using gravity pendulum

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110313435A (en) * 2019-08-20 2019-10-11 邹凯 A kind of raising fish and shrimp case
CN112616765A (en) * 2020-12-21 2021-04-09 清华大学深圳国际研究生院 Wave energy seabed oxygen supply device

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5106268A (en) * 1989-05-16 1992-04-21 Nitto Kohki Co., Ltd. Outlet pressure control system for electromagnetic reciprocating pump
EP1783368A1 (en) * 2005-11-07 2007-05-09 Dresser Wayne Aktiebolag Vapour recovery pump
CN101680419A (en) * 2007-03-14 2010-03-24 朗利波能股份公司 Wave power plant
CN202673554U (en) * 2012-05-16 2013-01-16 厦门锐思达机电科技有限公司 A novel oscillating bar-type ocean wave energy generating set
CN203035439U (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-07-03 东北师范大学 Double-buoyancy-body-pendulum type bidirectional turbine wave power generation device
CN203384006U (en) * 2013-06-18 2014-01-08 浙江工商职业技术学院 Simple air compressor

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5106268A (en) * 1989-05-16 1992-04-21 Nitto Kohki Co., Ltd. Outlet pressure control system for electromagnetic reciprocating pump
EP1783368A1 (en) * 2005-11-07 2007-05-09 Dresser Wayne Aktiebolag Vapour recovery pump
CN101680419A (en) * 2007-03-14 2010-03-24 朗利波能股份公司 Wave power plant
CN202673554U (en) * 2012-05-16 2013-01-16 厦门锐思达机电科技有限公司 A novel oscillating bar-type ocean wave energy generating set
CN203035439U (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-07-03 东北师范大学 Double-buoyancy-body-pendulum type bidirectional turbine wave power generation device
CN203384006U (en) * 2013-06-18 2014-01-08 浙江工商职业技术学院 Simple air compressor

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110313435A (en) * 2019-08-20 2019-10-11 邹凯 A kind of raising fish and shrimp case
CN110313435B (en) * 2019-08-20 2021-12-31 江苏嘉尚环保科技有限公司 Fish and shrimp breeding box
CN112616765A (en) * 2020-12-21 2021-04-09 清华大学深圳国际研究生院 Wave energy seabed oxygen supply device
CN112616765B (en) * 2020-12-21 2021-09-07 清华大学深圳国际研究生院 Wave energy seabed oxygen supply device

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