CN104335840B - Sunlight greenhouse adopting hard body thermal insulation - Google Patents

Sunlight greenhouse adopting hard body thermal insulation Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104335840B
CN104335840B CN201410539809.1A CN201410539809A CN104335840B CN 104335840 B CN104335840 B CN 104335840B CN 201410539809 A CN201410539809 A CN 201410539809A CN 104335840 B CN104335840 B CN 104335840B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
hardware
heat preservation
slip
preservation member
skeleton
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201410539809.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104335840A (en
Inventor
孙周平
黄文永
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenyang Agricultural University
Original Assignee
Shenyang Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shenyang Agricultural University filed Critical Shenyang Agricultural University
Priority to CN201410539809.1A priority Critical patent/CN104335840B/en
Priority to PCT/CN2014/089552 priority patent/WO2016054846A1/en
Publication of CN104335840A publication Critical patent/CN104335840A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104335840B publication Critical patent/CN104335840B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/22Shades or blinds for greenhouses, or the like
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a sunlight greenhouse adopting hard body thermal insulation. The sunlight greenhouse comprises primary trusses, auxiliary trusses, a hard body thermal insulation assembly and a sliding drive system, wherein the primary trusses and the auxiliary trusses adopt arc-shaped structures; a first slide is arranged on each primary truss, a plurality of auxiliary trusses are parallelly arranged between every two adjacent primary trusses, and the auxiliary trusses and the primary trusses jointly form a sunlight greenhouse framework; a second slide which is in sliding fit with the first slides is arranged on the inner side of the hard body thermal insulation assembly; and through sliding of the hard body thermal insulation assembly on the framework, functions such as transmittance, shading, heat storage, thermal insulation and the like of the sunlight greenhouse are realized. The hard body thermal insulation assembly adopts a hard body structure and can cover the greenhouse more uniformly and more accurately; meanwhile, the primary trusses and the auxiliary trusses adopt independent structures and are arranged at intervals, so that not only is the framework structure of the sunlight greenhouse simplified, the construction cost of the greenhouse is reduced, but also the friction contact of the trusses and a sliding hard body thermal insulation assembly is greatly reduced, accordingly, the noise is reduced, power consumption and wear are reduced, all that is required is to maintain and replace the primary trusses, the maintenance is convenient, and the operation cost is reduced.

Description

A kind of hardware insulation day-light greenhouse
Technical field
The present invention relates to greenhouse technology field, particularly to a kind of hardware insulation day-light greenhouse.
Background technology
Heliogreenhouse is a kind of crop growth facilities type that the northern area of China adopts, and relies primarily on sunshine and obtains energy Measure and to maintain indoor certain temperature levels, to meet the needs of crop growth.
Traditional heliogreenhouse using special-shaped globoidal structure, and, thermal insulated material for covering be straw screen or mat, cold-proof by etc. soft material Material, during volume puts curtain, the movement locus of roller shutter can not fix always it is difficult to realize thermal-insulating material for sunlight greenhouse uniformly, Accurately cover in greenhouse transmission region, have become as the major obstacle of China's heliogreenhouse Automated condtrol and modernization development One of, meanwhile, external straw screen or mat, cold-proof by etc. insulation material not only rain-proof, snow defence, windproof and fire resistance property are poor, and using many Layer strip and block coverage mode, leads to poorly sealed, heat insulation effect unstable, reduces traditional greenhouse production performance.
In order to solve the problems, such as traditional heliogreenhouse, it is proposed a kind of new heliogreenhouse in the market, ginseng See the patent of Publication No. CN201938144U, entitled " slip covering type heat insulation house ", this slip covering type heat insulation house is arc Face type canopy body, the outside of cabochon canopy body is provided with the interior sliding layer covering at light-transmissive film before cabochon canopy body and covers in canopy The outer sliding layer at body top, interior sliding layer drives outer sliding layer to realize slip heat-insulation layer by inside and outside slideway, drawstring and rotating shaft Open wide and cover.By slip heat-insulation layer instead of straw screen or mat, cold-proof by etc. soft material, then the opening and covering of slip heat-insulation layer Accurately control as long as sliding on canopy body and achieving that, can achieve automation.
But the skeleton of this slip covering type heat insulation house is made up of multiple truss, each truss is by power truss and support Truss splices and combines and forms, and power truss is used for and slip heat-insulation layer is slidably matched, and sub-truss is used for supporting slip heat-insulation layer, Because each truss all has sliding friction and slip heat-insulation layer between, then the whole total sliding friction of skeleton is larger, noise is big, Power consumption is big, serious wear, maintenance inconvenience, improves operating cost.Additionally, rotating shaft is suspended on del steel construction, steel Cord directly from the top in greenhouse pass through canopy film to the track of skeleton.Because the gross weight of covering is heavier, lead to this setting Easily deformation and steel truss structure built on the sand in the rotating shaft support steel construction of meter and rotating shaft, meanwhile, the wearing of top of greenhouse steel wire rope Go out position occur cannot overcome leak out and the phenomenon that leaks.
In sum, how on the premise of the covering material realizing heliogreenhouse uniformly accurately covers and opens, subtract Little heliogreenhouse runs noise, abrasion and power consumption, reduces operating cost, meanwhile, simplifies Keelof green house structure, improves heliogreenhouse Skeleton processing and the speed installed, reduce Greenhouse Construction cost, become those skilled in the art's problem demanding prompt solution.
Content of the invention
In view of this, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of heliogreenhouse, to realize the covering material of heliogreenhouse On the premise of uniformly accurately covering and open, reduce heliogreenhouse and run noise, abrasion and power consumption;Reduce operating cost, with When, simplify Keelof green house structure, improve Sunlight greenhouse frame processing and the speed installed, reduce Greenhouse Construction cost.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the present invention provides technical scheme below:
A kind of hardware insulation day-light greenhouse, including:
Main couple, described main couple is in arc-shaped structure, is provided with the first slideway;
Sub-truss, described sub-truss is in arc-shaped structure, and being often arranged in parallel between main couple described in adjacent two has some institutes State sub-truss, collectively form skeleton;
Hardware heat insulation module, is provided with the second slideway being slidably matched with described first slideway, shape and described bone The arc-shaped structure of frame coincide, and can cover and open on described skeleton;
Slip drive system, is in transmission connection with described hardware heat insulation module, drives described hardware heat insulation module in described master Slide on truss.
Preferably, in above-mentioned hardware insulation day-light greenhouse, described hardware heat insulation module includes:
Fixing hardware heat preservation member, described fixing hardware heat preservation member is identical with the arc-shaped structure of described skeleton, and it is fixed on Between the backlight side of described skeleton;
The outside of slip hardware heat insulation module, the inner side of described slip hardware heat insulation module and described fixing hardware heat preservation member Shape is coincide, and is provided with the second slideway being slidably matched with described first slideway, described slip drive system and described cunning Dynamic hardware heat insulation module is in transmission connection.
Preferably, in above-mentioned hardware insulation day-light greenhouse, described slip drive system includes:
First drive rod, the outer surface of described slip hardware heat insulation module is provided with drive rod slideway, described first driving One end of bar is slidably connected with described drive rod slideway;
Second drive rod, described second drive rod is hinged with described first drive rod, described second drive rod away from hinge The hinged fixation in one end of contact;
Telescopic driver, the two ends of described telescopic driver connect described first drive rod and described second driving respectively Bar, for driving described first drive rod and described second drive rod to relatively rotate.
Preferably, in above-mentioned hardware insulation day-light greenhouse, described slip hardware heat insulation module and described fixing hardware Heat preservation member forms two-part insulation construction, can be respectively overlay in the symmetrical both sides in north and south of described skeleton.
Preferably, in above-mentioned hardware insulation day-light greenhouse, described slip hardware heat insulation module includes internal layer heat preservation member With outer layer heat preservation member, described internal layer heat preservation member and described main couple be slidably matched, and described outer layer heat preservation member covers in described internal layer Slide can in heat preservation member and relatively.
Preferably, in above-mentioned hardware insulation day-light greenhouse, described internal layer heat preservation member, described outer layer heat preservation member and described Fixing hardware heat preservation member can be covered each by 1/3rd segmental arcs of described skeleton.
Preferably, in above-mentioned hardware insulation day-light greenhouse, described hardware heat insulation module includes:
Some internal layer slip heat preservation member, each described internal layer slip heat preservation member is slidably connected with described main couple;
Some outer layer slip heat preservation member, are slidably connected at the outside of described internal layer slip heat preservation member.
Preferably, in above-mentioned hardware insulation day-light greenhouse, the gable positioned at described hardware insulation day-light greenhouse two ends is equal Including:
It is fixed on the fixing gable of described skeleton north side;
Positioned at described skeleton southern side and be movable to the motion gable of described skeleton north side, the position with described motion gable It is provided with light-transmissive film on corresponding described skeleton.
Preferably, in above-mentioned hardware insulation day-light greenhouse, described gable also includes control system, temperature sensor, day Optical sensor and driving means;
Described temperature sensor is connected with described control system, for monitoring indoor and outdoor temperature;
Described solar sensor is connected with described control system, for monitoring intensity of sunshine;
Described driving means are in transmission connection with described motion gable;
Described control system controls described driving means to drive described motion mountain according to indoor and outdoor temperature and/or intensity of sunshine Wall moves.
Preferably, in above-mentioned hardware insulation day-light greenhouse, described fixing hardware heat preservation member, described slip hardware insulation group Part and described gable all include:
Framework;
It is arranged on the waterproof layer of described framework outer layer;
It is arranged on the long-wave radiation layer of described framework internal layer;
It is arranged in described framework and be filled in the insulating between described waterproof layer and described long-wave radiation layer.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
The skeleton of the hardware insulation day-light greenhouse that the present invention provides is combined by main couple and sub-truss are arranged in parallel, and All in arc-shaped structure, main couple is provided with the first slideway, is slidably matched with the second slideway of hardware heat insulation module, for sliding Dynamic support hardware heat insulation module, sub-truss is not provided with slideway, is served only for installing light-transmissive film, hardware heat insulation module can be on skeleton Cover and open.Realize printing opacity and shading, accumulation of heat and the insulation of heliogreenhouse by hardware heat insulation module.Due to hardware insulation group Part is hardware structure, and can pass through the first slideway on skeleton and the cooperation of the second slideway is slided, therefore, soft with existing straw screen or mat etc. Matter covering material is compared, and is capable of evenly and more accurately covering, improves heat-insulating property, be capable of heliogreenhouse Shading and the Automated condtrol of printing opacity, meanwhile, main couple and sub-truss are single structure, arrange between two neighboring main couple Multiple sub-trusses, collectively form skeleton by main couple and sub-truss, with existing power truss and sub-truss are made one Body structure is compared, and on the premise of ensure that bearing capacity is enough, substantially reduces the usage quantity of main couple, simplifies greenhouse bone Frame structure, improve Keelof green house processing and installation rate hence it is evident that reducing the construction cost in greenhouse, substantially reducing truss simultaneously With the CONTACT WITH FRICTION of hardware heat insulation module, thus reducing noise, reducing power consumption and abrasion, only need to keep in repair and changing main couple , easy to maintenance, reduce operating cost.
Brief description
In order to be illustrated more clearly that the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing Have technology description in required use accompanying drawing be briefly described it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description be only this Inventive embodiment, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, can also basis The accompanying drawing providing obtains other accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the main couple of hardware insulation day-light greenhouse provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation of the sub-truss of hardware insulation day-light greenhouse provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is that a kind of slip hardware heat insulation module of hardware insulation day-light greenhouse provided in an embodiment of the present invention is in covering Operating diagram during state;
Fig. 4 is that a kind of slip hardware heat insulation module of hardware insulation day-light greenhouse provided in an embodiment of the present invention is in and opens Operating diagram during state;
Fig. 5 is that the slip hardware heat insulation module of another kind hardware insulation day-light greenhouse provided in an embodiment of the present invention is in half Operating diagram during open mode;
Fig. 6 is that the slip hardware heat insulation module of the hardware insulation day-light greenhouse in Fig. 5 is in work during full open position Make schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 was the hardware heat insulation module of the third hardware insulation day-light greenhouse provided in an embodiment of the present invention in the upper period of the day from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m Working state schematic representation;
Fig. 8 be Fig. 7 in hardware insulation day-light greenhouse hardware heat insulation module at noon when working state schematic representation;
Fig. 9 be Fig. 7 in hardware insulation day-light greenhouse hardware heat insulation module in the afternoon when working state schematic representation;
Figure 10 is the hardware heat insulation module of the hardware insulation day-light greenhouse in Fig. 7 in acronical working state schematic representation;
Figure 11 is that a kind of gable of hardware insulation day-light greenhouse provided in an embodiment of the present invention is in during half opened condition Operating diagram;
Figure 12 is that the gable of the hardware insulation day-light greenhouse in Figure 11 is in operating diagram during full open position.
In above-mentioned Fig. 1-Figure 12,1 is main couple, 101 is the first slideway, lower edge frame based on 102, the frame that winds up based on 103, Web member based on 104,105 be cross-tie, 2 be sub-truss, 201 be secondary lower edge frame, 202 be pair wind up frame, 203 be pair web member, 3 For fixing hardware heat preservation member, 4 be slip hardware heat insulation module, 401 be outer layer heat preservation member, 402 be internal layer heat preservation member, 5 be gable, 501 is fixing gable, 502 is slip gable, 6 is light-transmissive film, 7 is skeleton, 8 is motor, 9 is drive rod slideway, 10 are First drive rod, 11 be the second drive rod, 12 be telescopic driver, 13 be support, 14 be the first internal layer slip heat preservation member, 15 be Second internal layer slip heat preservation member, 16 be the first outer layer slip heat preservation member, 17 be the second outer layer slip heat preservation member.
Specific embodiment
The core of the present invention there is provided a kind of hardware insulation day-light greenhouse, equal in the insulation material achieving heliogreenhouse Even accurately cover and open on the premise of, simplify the skeleton structure of heliogreenhouse, reduce the construction cost in greenhouse, with When, also reduce operation noise, abrasion and the power consumption of heliogreenhouse, reduce maintenance and operating cost.
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation description is it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of not making creative work Embodiment, broadly falls into the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiments provide a kind of hardware insulation day-light greenhouse, including main couple 1, sub-truss 2, hardware insulation group Part and slip drive system:Wherein, main couple 1 be in arc-shaped structure, can for Semicircular arched structure or central angle little In 180 degree arc-shaped structure it is preferable that main couple 1 be upper lower edge frame structure, that is, include Your Majesty's string frame 103, main lower edge frame 102 and main web member 104, meet enough structural strengths, in order to improve structural strength and stability further, in main couple 1 Shaped interior side, is provided with cross-tie 105, is connected by brace between cross-tie 105 and main couple 1;Or main couple 1 Using formed steel construction;The outside of main couple 1 is provided with the first slideway 101, and the first slideway 101 is the slide rail of U-shaped steel construction;Secondary purlin Frame 2 equally be in arc-shaped structure, similar with main couple 1 structure, that is, include secondary lower edge frame 201, pair wind up frame 202 and pair web member 203, but do not need to arrange cross-tie and brace, and being often arranged in parallel between adjacent two main couples 1 has some sub-trusses 2, Multiple sub-trusses 2 such as 1,2,3,4,5 or 6, preferably 2 or 3 sub-trusses 2, main couple 1 can be arranged between two main couples 1 It is single truss with sub-truss 2, both collectively form skeleton 7;The shape of hardware heat insulation module and the arc-shaped structure of skeleton It coincide, be provided with the second slideway being slidably matched with the first slideway, hardware heat insulation module can cover on skeleton and open; Main couple 1 is used for slidably supporting hardware heat insulation module, and sub-truss 2 does not need to slidably support hardware heat insulation module it is only necessary to consolidate Determine light-transmissive film;Slip drive system is in transmission connection with hardware heat insulation module, for driving hardware heat insulation module 4 in main couple Slide on 1, to realize opening and covering of hardware heat insulation module.
In above-mentioned hardware insulation day-light greenhouse, hardware heat insulation module is driven on skeleton 7 by slip drive system Slide, realize shading and printing opacity, accumulation of heat and the insulation of heliogreenhouse, reached the basic function of heliogreenhouse.Because hardware is protected Warm assembly is hardware structure, and can pass through the first slideway 101 on skeleton 7 and the cooperation of the second slideway is slided, therefore, and existing Straw screen or mat etc. is softInsulationMaterial is compared, and is capable of evenly and more accurately covering, improves heat-insulating property, be capable of day The shading in light greenhouse and the Automated condtrol of printing opacity, meanwhile, main couple 1 and sub-truss 2 are single structure, two neighboring main truss Arrange multiple sub-trusses 2 between frame 1, skeleton 7 collectively formed by main couple 1 and sub-truss 2, with existing by power truss and Support truss is formed integrally structure and compares, and on the premise of ensure that bearing capacity is enough, substantially reduces the use number of main couple 1 Amount, simplifies the structure of Keelof green house, significantly reduces the construction cost in greenhouse, meanwhile, also significantly reduce skeleton 7 and hardware The CONTACT WITH FRICTION of heat insulation module, thus reducing noise, reduces power consumption and abrasion, only need to keep in repair and change main couple 1, Easy to maintenance, reduce operating cost.
As Figure 1-Figure 4, a kind of hardware insulation day-light greenhouse, wherein, hardware heat insulation module bag are present embodiments provided Include fixing hardware heat preservation member 3 and slip hardware heat insulation module 4.Fixing hardware heat preservation member 3 is identical with the arc-shaped structure of skeleton 7, And (operating position of the hardware insulation day-light greenhouse in the present embodiment is to sit in the north facing the south, backlight side to be fixed on the backlight side of skeleton 7 The i.e. north side of skeleton 7, meets the southern side that light side is skeleton 7, for convenience, carries out the limit of position in literary composition with southern side and north side It is impossible to slide between calmly);The inner side of slip hardware heat insulation module 4 is coincide with the outer shape of fixing hardware heat preservation member 3, overall Also it is arc-shaped structure, is provided with the second slideway being slidably matched with the first slideway 101, slip drive system is hard with slip Body heat insulation module is in transmission connection, and slip hardware heat insulation module can slide on main couple, by the cunning of slip hardware heat insulation module Dynamic, realize opening and covering of greenhouse, to carry out printing opacity and shading, accumulation of heat and insulation.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, in this embodiment, there is provided a kind of specific slip drive system, it is located at skeleton 7 Outside, including the first drive rod 10, the second drive rod 11 and telescopic driver 12;Wherein, the appearance of slip hardware heat insulation module 4 Face is provided with drive rod slideway 9, and one end of the first drive rod 10 and drive rod slideway 9 are slidably connected, and the first drive rod 10 can Slip hardware heat insulation module 4 is driven to slide on main couple 1;Second drive rod 11 is hinged with the first drive rod 10, the second driving The hinged fixation in one end away from pin joint of bar 11;The two ends of telescopic driver 12 connect the first drive rod 10 and the second drive respectively Lever 11, for driving the first drive rod 10 and the second drive rod 11 to relatively rotate, telescopic driver 12 can be driven using hydraulic pressure Dynamic device or air impeller, telescopic driver 12 can stretch, and pushes or pull on the first drive rod 10 relatively second by flexible Drive rod 11 rotates.
There is the operation principle of hardware insulation day-light greenhouse of above-mentioned slip drive system and the course of work is:Referring to Fig. 3 And Fig. 4, when slip hardware heat insulation module 4 covers in the southern side of skeleton 7, when that is, heliogreenhouse is light tight, telescopic driver 12 Be in elongation state, its state as shown in figure 3, to open slip hardware heat insulation module 4, carry out heliogreenhouse printing opacity when, Start telescopic driver 12, telescopic driver 12 shrinks, due to the hinged fixation in one end of the second drive rod 11, the first drive rod 10 Rotate relative to the second drive rod 11 around the point hinged with the second drive rod 11, and the first drive rod 10 turns around the hinged one end of fixation Dynamic, in the process, one end of the first drive rod 10 pulls slip hardware heat insulation module 4 to slide to the north side of skeleton 7, works as slip The central motion of hardware heat insulation module 4 to skeleton 7 north and south centre position, due to the Action of Gravity Field of slip hardware heat insulation module 4, Slip hardware heat insulation module 4 continues to move downward, and at this moment the end that is slidably connected of the first drive rod 10 is permissible along drive rod slideway 9 Lentamente move to B point from A point, simultaneously it is ensured that the stable operation of slip hardware heat insulation module 4.Slide when needing to close During hardware heat insulation module 4, will heliogreenhouse when carrying out shading, so that telescopic driver 12 is extended, carry out fortune contrary to the above Move and can achieve.
Due to employing the slip drive system of peripheral hardware, therefore, with existing, driving means are arranged on inside greenhouse, and It is suspended on top of greenhouse to compare, the slip drive system of the present invention will not produce load to skeleton 7, thus alleviating skeleton 7 Load is it is ensured that the structural stability of skeleton 7, and directly passes through canopy film to skeleton from the top in greenhouse with existing steel wire rope Lead on 7 track top of greenhouse occur cannot overcome leak out with roof leaking phenomenon compare, the slip drive system of the present invention is not The leaking out and leak phenomenon of greenhouse occurs, thus ensure that heat-insulating property and the functional reliability in greenhouse, reducing and safeguarding into This.
As optimization, in the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, the first drive rod 10 and the second drive rod 11 intersect hinge Connect, the two ends of telescopic driver 12 are connected on the first drive rod 10 away from the one end being slidably connected and the second drive rod 11 On away from hinged fixation one end.Certainly, the first drive rod 10 and the second drive rod 11 are that end is hinged, then telescopic driver 12 It is located on two drive rods with the tie point of the first drive rod 10 and the second drive rod 11.
Further, in the present embodiment, the second drive rod 11 is hingedly fixed on support 13, certainly, according to actual field The needs on ground, the second drive rod 11 are hinged on other fixed objects, as long as disclosure satisfy that transmission condition.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, in the present embodiment, slip hardware heat insulation module 4 and fixing hardware heat preservation member 3 composition two Segmentation insulation construction, that is, slip hardware heat insulation module 4 is an overall structure, and slip hardware heat insulation module 4 and fixing hardware are protected The symmetrical both sides in north and south that warm part 3 can be respectively overlay in skeleton 7.Then when slip hardware heat insulation module 4 fully opens, heliogreenhouse 1/2 can be with printing opacity, it is less demanding to illumination that this two-part insulation construction is applied to cultivation, edible fungus culturing, ecological harvesting etc. Crop or industry.
In addition to using two-part insulation construction, as shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, slip hardware heat insulation module 4 and fixing hardware Heat preservation member 3 can also be three-stage, and slip hardware heat insulation module 4 includes internal layer heat preservation member 402 and outer layer heat preservation member 401, internal layer Heat preservation member 402 is slidably matched with main couple 1, and outer layer heat preservation member 401 covers in internal layer heat preservation member 402 and can relatively slide.When When slip hardware heat insulation module 4 covers on skeleton 7, internal layer heat preservation member 402 is located at the southern side of skeleton 7, outer layer heat preservation member 401 Centre position positioned at skeleton 7;When needing to open slip hardware heat insulation module 4, outer layer is pulled to protect by slip drive system Warm part 401 side shifting northwards, outside heat preservation member 401 pulls internal layer heat preservation member 402 also to move to skeleton north side, when outer layer heat preservation member Behind 401 north sides sliding into skeleton 7, internal layer heat preservation member 402 slides into the north side of skeleton 7 in the presence of self gravitation, Now, outer layer heat preservation member 401, internal layer heat preservation member 402 and the overlapping north side being located at skeleton 7 of fixing hardware heat preservation member 3, so that sliding Dynamic hardware heat insulation module 4 fully opens, as shown in Figure 6.When closing slip hardware heat insulation module 4, make slip drive system anti- Can complete to running.
Further, in the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, internal layer heat preservation member 402, outer layer heat preservation member 401 and solid Determine 1/3rd segmental arcs that hardware heat preservation member 3 can be covered each by skeleton 7, then when slip hardware heat insulation module 4 fully opens, day Light greenhouse has 2/3 region can be with printing opacity, and the insulation construction of this three-stage can meet the Crop Species higher to light as requested Plant.Certainly, the coating ratio of internal layer heat preservation member 402, outer layer heat preservation member 401 and fixing hardware heat preservation member 3 can take other values, As long as disclosure satisfy that the demand to illumination for the crop.
As shown in Fig. 7-Figure 10, embodiments provide the third hardware insulation day-light greenhouse, hardware heat insulation module For the multi-segment structure of four sections or more than four sections, both hardware heat insulation module included some internal layer slip heat preservation member and some slide outers Dynamic heat preservation member, each internal layer slip heat preservation member is slidably connected with main couple 1;Outer layer slip heat preservation member is slidably connected at internal layer and slides Outside heat preservation member, outer layer slip heat preservation member can be identical with the number of internal layer slip heat preservation member, and corresponds it is also possible to quantity Difference, the quantity of outer layer slip heat preservation member is less than the quantity of internal layer slip heat preservation member.Hardware heat insulation module can also be that multilayer is tied Structure, as long as can mutually slide, realizes the covering to greenhouse and opens.
Illustrate below, internal layer slip heat preservation member includes the first internal layer slip heat preservation member taking four-part form insulation construction as a example 14 and the second internal layer slip heat preservation member 15;Outer layer slip heat preservation member includes the first outer layer slip heat preservation member 16 and the second outer layer slides Heat preservation member 17, the first outer layer slip heat preservation member 16 is slidably connected at the outside of the first internal layer slip heat preservation member 14, the second slide outer Dynamic heat preservation member 17 is slidably connected at the outside of the second internal layer slip heat preservation member 15 it is preferred that four parts can be covered each by skeleton 7 1/4 circular arc sector, any of which one or more snippets printing opacity and shading, the insulation in greenhouse with sliding opening or closing, can be realized And accumulation of heat.Such design revolutionize southern, the east-west conventional building construction pattern of the heliogreenhouse seat Northern Dynasties of China with Feature, therefore, it can build multisection type hardware insulation day-light greenhouse in any direction, so that the construction of heliogreenhouse is not subject to soil Ground orientation etc. limits, and significantly improves USE RIGHT OF LAND FLOWING.
As shown in Fig. 7-Figure 10, it is four-part form hardware insulation day-light greenhouse cross-section structure, this greenhouse and traditional heliogreenhouse East-west difference, its a height of south-north direction of greenhouse ridge.Its course of work is:In morning, when the sun rises, the first internal layer slides , positioned at the west side of skeleton 7, the first outer layer slip heat preservation member 16 covers first for heat preservation member 14 and the first outer layer slip heat preservation member 16 The outside of internal layer slip heat preservation member 14, meanwhile, the second internal layer slip heat preservation member 15 and the second outer layer slip heat preservation member 17 slide into Skeleton 7 west side, sunshine shines into inside greenhouse from greenhouse east side;Noon, the second internal layer slip heat preservation member 15 and the second outer layer Slip heat preservation member 17 slides into skeleton 7 east side, and the second outer layer slip heat preservation member 17 covers in the second internal layer slip heat preservation member 15 Outside, now, sunshine shines into inside greenhouse from the top in greenhouse;The lower period of the day from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m, outside the first internal layer slip heat preservation member 14 and first Layer slip heat preservation member 16 slides into skeleton 7 east side, and the first outer layer slip heat preservation member 16 covers in the first internal layer slip heat preservation member Outside 14, now, sunshine shines into inside greenhouse from the west side in greenhouse;During evening, the first internal layer slip heat preservation member 14 and first Outer layer slip heat preservation member 16 slides into skeleton 7 west side, and the first outer layer slip heat preservation member 16 is from the first internal layer slip heat preservation member 14 Upper expansion, the second outer layer slip heat preservation member 17 is launched from the second internal layer slip heat preservation member 15, makes the second outer layer slip heat preservation member 17 and first outer layer slip heat preservation member 16 be located at the top in greenhouse, thus greenhouse is completely covered, realize shading and the guarantor in greenhouse Temperature.Similar, if hardware insulation constructions more than five-part form, six segmentations etc., then the fortune from the east to the west with the morning sun Dynamic, every section of hardware heat preservation member can slide into the east side in greenhouse gradually from west Slideslip eastwards up to whole hardware heat preservation member, with Meet the demand to illumination for the plant growth, evening, the half of hardware heat preservation member in west side returns, and realizes whole shadings and covers with insulation Lid.Wherein, the drive mechanism of each section of hardware heat preservation member has a lot, can refer to Publication No. CN203661717U and The patent document of CN203523431U, here does not do concrete introduction and restriction.
As shown in Figure 7 and Figure 8, hardware insulation day-light greenhouse is optimized further, in the present embodiment, hardware is incubated daylight The two ends gable 5 in greenhouse includes fixing gable 501 and motion gable 502;Wherein, fixing gable 501 is preferably fixed on skeleton 7 The north side at two ends;Motion gable 502 is used for covering in the southern side at the two ends of skeleton 7, and motion gable 502 can be by skeleton 7 Southern side move to the north side of skeleton 7, and the two ends southern side of skeleton 7 corresponding with the position of motion gable 502 is provided with printing opacity Film 6, make interior not with extraneous directly contact, in order to improve light transmittance, light-transmissive film 6 is preferably by individual layer light-transmissive film, light transmittance Reach more than 85%, so can solve the problems, such as that fixing gable affects plant growth because of shading.
The course of work of above-mentioned gable 5 is:As shown in Figure 7 and Figure 8, morning, by the motion mountain positioned at heliogreenhouse east side Wall 502 moves to skeleton 7 north side, and morning twilight enters inside greenhouse by the light-transmissive film 6 in skeleton 7 east side, irremovable with existing Gable compare, substantially increase the utilization rate of daylight, after noon, the motion gable 502 in east side be moved back to the south of skeleton 7 Side, closes east side gable 5, is incubated, meanwhile, the motion gable 502 in heliogreenhouse west side is moved to skeleton 7 north side, noon Daylight afterwards enters inside greenhouse by the light-transmissive film 6 in skeleton west side, is sufficiently used daylight.And adopt movable mountain Wall is not compared using the gable of shading than simple, both can effectively be incubated, can also fully carry out the irradiation of daylight it is ensured that The equalized temperature in greenhouse it is ensured that in greenhouse thing gable two ends crop normal growth.
Gable 5 is optimized further, in the present embodiment, gable 5 also includes control system, temperature sensor, daylight biography Sensor and driving means;Wherein, temperature sensor is connected with control system, for monitoring indoor and outdoor temperature;Solar sensor with Control system connects, for monitoring sunlight intensity;Driving means are in transmission connection with motion gable 502;Default in control system There is set temperature value and set intensity of sunshine value, control system controls driving means according to indoor and outdoor temperature and/or intensity of sunshine Powered motion gable 502 is mobile.
The operation principle of above-mentioned 5 gables and the course of work are:Morning, temperature sensor monitors outdoor temperature, and by outdoor Temperature information is sent to control system, after control system receives indoor and outdoor temperature information, compares with default set temperature value, When outdoor temperature is higher than set temperature value, control system controls driving means to drive the motion gable 502 in east side to be moved by southern side Move north side;Or solar sensor monitors intensity of sunshine, intensity of sunshine information is started to control system, control system connects After intensity of sunshine information, it is compared with default setting intensity of sunshine value, when intensity of sunshine is higher than to set intensity of sunshine value When, control system controls driving means to drive east side motion gable 502 to move to north side by southern side;Or when indoor and outdoor temperature and When intensity of sunshine all reaches preset value, control system just controls driving means action.
When indoor and outdoor temperature and/or intensity of sunshine are less than preset value, control system controls driving means to drive east side Motion gable 502 returns to southern side.The motion conditions of motion gable 502 in west side are identical with the motion conditions in east side, and here is no longer Repeat.
Wherein, set temperature value and setting intensity of sunshine value are adjusted according to the difference in region and time, and here is not done Concrete restriction.
Preferably, driving means include motor 8, drive belt and guide rail, and motion gable 502 in motor 8 and drives Under the driving and transmission of dynamic band, move along guide rail, realize the opening and closing of motion gable 502.
In embodiments of the present invention, fixing hardware heat preservation member 3, slip hardware heat insulation module 4 and gable 5 are by framework, anti- Water layer, insulating and long-wave radiation layer composition:Framework be light steel matter it is ensured that its hardness and structural strength, waterproof layer, Insulating and long-wave radiation layer are successively set in framework from outside to inside.Lengths of frame is consistent with greenhouse length, by steel pipe Make with light steel building materials such as reinforcing bars, the thickness of the framework heat-insulating heat-preserving material thickness according to needed for the minimum temperature of various places determines; Waterproof layer mainly has rain-proof, snow defence, fire prevention and windproof by color steel, sunlight board, force-bearing plate, glass epoxy or asbestos board etc. The hard material composition of function;The insulating of internal filling is mainly by rock wool, glass silk flosssilk wadding, fire-retardant benzene plate, gum sprayed cotton, warm The material such as molten cotton or cotton felt forms;The long-wave radiation layer of lower floor is mainly made up of masking foil, reflective membrane etc..With straw screen or mat, cold-proof quilt Compare etc. soft covering material, heat-insulating property, the ability of anti-natural calamity greatly enhance.
In this specification, each embodiment is described by the way of going forward one by one, and what each embodiment stressed is and other The difference of embodiment, between each embodiment identical similar portion mutually referring to.
Described above to the disclosed embodiments, makes professional and technical personnel in the field be capable of or uses the present invention. Multiple modifications to these embodiments will be apparent from for those skilled in the art, as defined herein General Principle can be realized without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention in other embodiments.Therefore, the present invention It is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and be to fit to and principles disclosed herein and features of novelty phase one The scope the widest causing.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of hardware insulation day-light greenhouse is it is characterised in that include:
Main couple (1), described main couple (1) is in arc-shaped structure, is provided with the first slideway (101);
Sub-truss (2), described sub-truss (2) is in arc-shaped structure, often main couple (1) described in adjacent two if between be arranged in parallel and have Dry described sub-truss (2), collectively forms skeleton (7), described sub-truss (2) is used for fixing light-transmissive film (6);
Hardware heat insulation module, is provided with the second slideway being slidably matched with described first slideway (101), shape and described bone The arc-shaped structure of frame (7) coincide, and can cover and open, described main couple (1) is used for slidably supporting institute on described skeleton (7) State hardware heat insulation module, described hardware heat insulation module includes fixing hardware heat preservation member (3) and slip hardware heat insulation module (4), institute The arc-shaped structure stating fixing hardware heat preservation member (3) with described skeleton (7) coincide, and it is fixed on the backlight side of described skeleton (7) Between, the inner side of described slip hardware heat insulation module (4) is coincide with the outer shape of described fixing hardware heat preservation member (3), thereon It is provided with the second slideway being slidably matched with described first slideway (101), described slip drive system is protected with described slip hardware Warm assembly is in transmission connection;
Slip drive system, is in transmission connection with described hardware heat insulation module, drives described hardware heat insulation module in described main couple (1) upper slip, described slip drive system includes the first drive rod (10), the second drive rod and telescopic driver, described slip The outer surface of hardware heat insulation module (4) is provided with drive rod slideway (9), one end of described first drive rod (10) and described driving Bar slideway (9) is slidably connected, and described second drive rod (11) is hinged with described first drive rod (10), described second drive rod (11) the hinged fixation in the one end away from pin joint, the two ends of described telescopic driver (12) connect described first drive rod respectively (10) and described second drive rod (11), for driving, described first drive rod (10) is relative with described second drive rod (11) to be turned Dynamic.
2. hardware insulation day-light greenhouse according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described slip hardware heat insulation module (4) Form two-part insulation construction with described fixing hardware heat preservation member (3), the north and south symmetrical two of described skeleton (7) can be respectively overlay in Side.
3. hardware insulation day-light greenhouse according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described slip hardware heat insulation module (4) Including internal layer heat preservation member (402) and outer layer heat preservation member (401), described internal layer heat preservation member (402) is slided with described main couple (1) and is joined Close, described outer layer heat preservation member (401) covers be slided can above and relatively in described internal layer heat preservation member (402).
4. hardware insulation day-light greenhouse according to claim 3 is it is characterised in that described internal layer heat preservation member (402), described Outer layer heat preservation member (401) and described fixing hardware heat preservation member (3) can be covered each by 1/3rd segmental arcs of described skeleton (7).
5. hardware insulation day-light greenhouse according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that be located at described hardware insulation day-light greenhouse The gable (5) at two ends all includes:
It is fixed on the fixing gable (501) of described skeleton (7) north side;
Positioned at described skeleton (7) southern side and be movable to the motion gable (502) of described skeleton (7) north side, with described motion mountain It is provided with light-transmissive film (6) on the corresponding described skeleton (7) in position of wall (502).
6. hardware insulation day-light greenhouse according to claim 5 is it is characterised in that described gable (5) also includes controlling system System, temperature sensor, solar sensor and driving means;
Described temperature sensor is connected with described control system, for monitoring indoor and outdoor temperature;
Described solar sensor is connected with described control system, for monitoring intensity of sunshine;
Described driving means are in transmission connection with described motion gable (502);
Described control system controls described driving means to drive described motion gable according to indoor and outdoor temperature and/or intensity of sunshine (502) mobile.
7. hardware insulation day-light greenhouse according to claim 5 is it is characterised in that described fixing hardware heat preservation member (3), institute State slip hardware heat insulation module (4) and described gable (5) all includes:
Framework;
It is arranged on the waterproof layer outside described framework;
It is arranged on the long-wave radiation layer inside described framework;
It is arranged in described framework and be filled in the insulating between described waterproof layer and described long-wave radiation layer.
CN201410539809.1A 2014-10-11 2014-10-11 Sunlight greenhouse adopting hard body thermal insulation Active CN104335840B (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410539809.1A CN104335840B (en) 2014-10-11 2014-10-11 Sunlight greenhouse adopting hard body thermal insulation
PCT/CN2014/089552 WO2016054846A1 (en) 2014-10-11 2014-10-27 Hard thermally-insulating solar greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410539809.1A CN104335840B (en) 2014-10-11 2014-10-11 Sunlight greenhouse adopting hard body thermal insulation

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104335840A CN104335840A (en) 2015-02-11
CN104335840B true CN104335840B (en) 2017-02-15

Family

ID=52492926

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410539809.1A Active CN104335840B (en) 2014-10-11 2014-10-11 Sunlight greenhouse adopting hard body thermal insulation

Country Status (2)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104335840B (en)
WO (1) WO2016054846A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101913398B1 (en) * 2017-02-24 2018-10-30 한국과학기술연구원 System for preventing condensation on crops
CN107750750A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-03-06 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 Wall stores the heliogreenhouse of heat release one after a kind of
CN109479584B (en) * 2019-01-16 2021-04-30 青岛农业大学 Closed greenhouse with movable external heat insulation system

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3830033A (en) * 1971-12-27 1974-08-20 Smith X Inc Plastic covered building structures
CN2623000Y (en) * 2003-04-19 2004-07-07 孙兆文 Daylight greenhouse with stiff movable heat preservation roof
CN201938144U (en) * 2011-02-22 2011-08-24 黄文永 Sliding covering type heat insulation house
WO2012049406A1 (en) * 2010-10-14 2012-04-19 Filclair Bay-type greenhouse with optimal performance
CN103262765A (en) * 2013-06-05 2013-08-28 沈阳农业大学 Gear type sliding covering greenhouse transmission device
CN203523431U (en) * 2013-06-05 2014-04-09 沈阳农业大学 Gear-type sliding-covering greenhouse transmission device
CN203633238U (en) * 2013-09-12 2014-06-11 田国 Circular arch greenhouse with heat preserving and sunshading sliding blocks

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2786233Y (en) * 2005-02-22 2006-06-07 廊坊市九天农业工程有限公司 Moveable roofing thermal insulation covering device
KR100899648B1 (en) * 2008-07-08 2009-05-27 광주광역시 남구 A device for removing the snow of vinyl house
KR20130131076A (en) * 2012-05-23 2013-12-03 기대석 Sunshade device having carrier for vinyl-house
CN203661717U (en) * 2013-06-05 2014-06-25 沈阳农业大学 Pulley type transmission device for covering greenhouse in sliding mode
CN103988733B (en) * 2014-05-23 2016-07-06 北京鑫大禹华霖节水设备有限责任公司 Overall lighting roof is the heliogreenhouse of circular arc arch

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3830033A (en) * 1971-12-27 1974-08-20 Smith X Inc Plastic covered building structures
CN2623000Y (en) * 2003-04-19 2004-07-07 孙兆文 Daylight greenhouse with stiff movable heat preservation roof
WO2012049406A1 (en) * 2010-10-14 2012-04-19 Filclair Bay-type greenhouse with optimal performance
CN201938144U (en) * 2011-02-22 2011-08-24 黄文永 Sliding covering type heat insulation house
CN103262765A (en) * 2013-06-05 2013-08-28 沈阳农业大学 Gear type sliding covering greenhouse transmission device
CN203523431U (en) * 2013-06-05 2014-04-09 沈阳农业大学 Gear-type sliding-covering greenhouse transmission device
CN203633238U (en) * 2013-09-12 2014-06-11 田国 Circular arch greenhouse with heat preserving and sunshading sliding blocks

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104335840A (en) 2015-02-11
WO2016054846A1 (en) 2016-04-14

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN205249952U (en) Have lian dong greenhouse roof of daylighting, heat preservation, ventilation, sunshade function concurrently
CN205658089U (en) Novel room is cultivateed to automatic full -time light
CN104335840B (en) Sunlight greenhouse adopting hard body thermal insulation
CN201450953U (en) Heat insulation quilt double-built type sunlight greenhouse
CN102227993B (en) High-light efficiency sunlight greenhouse
CN102696430B (en) Groove-type solar greenhouse and method for constructing same
CN201418305Y (en) energy-saving greenhouse
CN101986811A (en) High-performance double sunlight greenhouse for four seasons
CN105453951A (en) Multi-span greenhouse roof with functions of lighting, heat preservation, ventilation and sunshading
CN203814284U (en) Auxiliary heat-insulating/sun-shading system in sunlight greenhouse
CN103858706B (en) A kind of greenhouse by solar heat assists inside holding/shading system
CN202104080U (en) High light efficiency sunlight greenhouse
CN108391539A (en) A kind of super span stacked high energy greenhouse and its building method
CN110185292B (en) Industrial factory building venue and building method thereof
CN207048157U (en) A kind of multi-functional domatic roof of novel intelligent
CN202035334U (en) Internal heat preservation solar greenhouse
CN111972179A (en) Inner terrace type single slope glass greenhouse system
CN109586660A (en) A kind of elevation of building photovoltaic panel
CN104823756A (en) Novel south and north dual-shed sunlight greenhouse and operating method
CN107873329A (en) Panorama daylight energy-storage type low energy consumption greenhouse
CN203905231U (en) Manually-opened-and-closed integration system for air circulation of double-skin facades
CN206821446U (en) Full underground type greenhouse
CN209482528U (en) A kind of combined passive solar energy building enclosure
CN209817889U (en) Venetian blind with multiple adjustment gesture
CN207022723U (en) A kind of two-part vinyl house internal insulation structure

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Sun Zhouping

Inventor after: Huang Wenyong

Inventor after: Li Tianlai

Inventor before: Sun Zhouping

Inventor before: Huang Wenyong

CB03 Change of inventor or designer information