CN104332439B - 一种晶片盘推送装置 - Google Patents

一种晶片盘推送装置 Download PDF

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CN104332439B
CN104332439B CN201410549877.6A CN201410549877A CN104332439B CN 104332439 B CN104332439 B CN 104332439B CN 201410549877 A CN201410549877 A CN 201410549877A CN 104332439 B CN104332439 B CN 104332439B
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CN104332439A (zh
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陈永晚
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Shenzhen Huake Semiconductor Co., Ltd.
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种晶片盘推送装置,其包括工作平台,以及固定在工作平台上推送机构,推送机构包括装载有多个晶片盘的至少一个提篮设置在所述提篮下方的顶升气缸,设置在所述提篮前方的,用于将所述提篮内的晶片盘推出的推送气缸,所述晶片盘推送装置还包括固定在所述工作平台上的定位组件和送料机构,所述定位组件设置在所述提篮的后方,用于将所述推送气缸从所述提篮中推送出的晶片盘进行定位,所述送料机构设置在所述定位组件的后方,用于向所述定位组件上的晶片盘输送物料。本发明的该晶片盘推送装置能够自动完成晶片盘的推送和上料,不需要人工操作,进而降低了劳动强度,提升了工作效率。

Description

一种晶片盘推送装置
技术领域
[0001]本发明涉及晶片加工设备,尤其涉及一种晶片盘推送装置。
背景技术
[0002] 二极管晶片是二极管的主要原材料,在二级管的生产过程中,二极管晶片焊接是一个必要的工序,然而,目前的二极管生产厂家在进行二极管晶片焊接时,主要通过人工来完成,工作强度大,产品不良率较高、装配效率低。
发明内容
[0003]本发明所要解决的技术问题在于,提供一种晶片盘推送装置,能够实现晶片盘的自动推送和自动上料,不需要人工进行操作,从而降低了工作人员的劳动强度,也提高的工作效率。
[0004]为了解决上述技术问题,本发明提供了一种晶片盘推送装置,包括:
[0005]工作平台,以及固定在所述工作平台上推送机构、定位组件和送料机构,其中,所述推送机构包括装载有多个晶片盘的至少一个提篮,设置在所述提篮下方的顶升气缸,以及用于将晶片盘从所述提篮内推出的推送气缸,所述推送气缸,所述提篮,所述定位组件和所述送料机构沿所述晶片盘Y轴方向依次排列。
[0006]进一步地,所述定位组件包括固定在所述工作平台上的定位安装架,以及固定在所述定位安装架上的至少一对定位块,每对定位块对应于一个所述提篮,且所述定位块上沿所述晶片盘Y轴方向设置有供所述晶片盘前后移动的导轨。
[0007]进一步地,所述送料机构包括固定在所述工作平台上的第一输送带机构,设置在所述第一输送带机构上的料盒,设置在所述第一输送带机构一端的,用于承接所述第一输送带机构输送来的物料的料斗,以及一端设置在所述料斗下方的,用于承接物料的第二输送带机构,以及设置在所述第二输送带机构一侧的,用于将所述第二输送机构上的物料吸附至所述定位组件上的晶片盘上的机械臂机构。
[0008] 更进一步地,所述定位组件还包括设置在每对定位块之间的推送气缸,以及位于所述推送气缸下方的第二顶升气缸,所述推送气缸固定在所述定位安装架上,用于将所述晶片盘推送回所述提篮。
[0009]更进一步地,所述第一输送带机构包括平行于所述晶片盘Y轴的输送带,分别设置在所述输送带两端的主、从动轮,支撑所述主、从动轮转轴的支撑座,以及驱动所述主动轮的驱动气缸,所述驱动气缸固定在所述支撑座上,所述支撑座固定在所述工作平台上;和/或,
[0010]所述第二输送带机构包括平行于所述晶片盘X轴的同步带,分别设置在所述同步带两端的主、从动轮,支撑所述从动轮的支撑座,驱动所述主动轮的驱动马达,以及固定所述驱动马达的马达安装板,所述马达安装板固定在所述工作平台上。
[0011]更进一步地,所述第二输送带机构还包括设置在所述同步带两侧的物料挡板,和/或,
[0012] 所述物料挡板靠近所述料斗的一端设置有多个限料块。
[0013] 更进一步地,所述机械臂机构包括固定在工作平台上的,分别平行于所述晶片盘X 轴的机械臂和所述晶片盘Y轴的机械臂导轨,所述机械臂的一端以可相对于该机械臂导轨沿所述晶片盘Y轴前后移动的方式安装在所述机械臂导轨上,所述机械臂上还设置有滑块, 所述滑块以可相对于所述机械臂沿晶片盘X轴左右移动的方式安装在所述机械臂上,所述滑块上固定设置有至少两个步进马达,通过联轴器与所述步进马达相连的吸嘴,通过导向固定在所述滑块上的送料销,其中,所述吸嘴和所述送料销位于所述同步带正上方,所述送料销,所述滑块的顶部还设置有千分表头。
[0014] 实施本发明实施例,具有如下有益效果:
[0015] 实施本发明的该晶片盘推送装置,通过推送机构中的推送气缸将提篮中的多个晶片盘逐个自动推送至定位组件,再由送料机构对该定位组件上的晶片盘进行自动上料,从而实现晶片盘的推送和上料都是自动完成,不需要人工操作,进而降低了劳动强度,提升了工作效率。附图说明
[0016] 为了更清楚地说明本发明实施例或现有技术中的技术方案,下面将对实施例或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图仅仅是本发明的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其他的附图。
[0017] 图1是本发明的一种晶片盘推送装置的一实施例的立体图;
[0018] 图2是反应图1中晶片盘推送装置的送料机构的结构示意图;
[0019] 图3是反应图1中提篮结构的局部放大图;
[0020] 图4是图1中晶片盘推送装置的俯视图;
[0021] 图5是反应图1中吸嘴、送料销和滑块之间结构的局部放大图。具体实施方式[〇〇22]下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有作出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。
[0023] 参见图1,为本发明的一种晶片盘推送装置的一实施例的结构示意图,具体地,本实施例中该晶片盘推送装置具体包括工作平台1,以及固定在该工作平台1上推送机构,定位组件和送料机构,其中,
[0024] 参见图1和图2,该推送机构包括装载有多个晶片盘的两个提篮22,以及用于将晶片盘从提篮22中推送出的两个推送气缸24(每个提篮22对应一个推送气缸24),和设置在该提篮下方的顶升气缸23,该推送气缸24,提篮22,定位组件和送料机构沿该晶片盘Y轴方向依次排列;具体地,参见图3,本实施例中该提篮22为由底板222,两个侧板223和顶板224围合形成的前后两侧开口的方形篮框,且顶板224上固定设置有手柄225,侧板223的内壁上设置有多个与晶片盘边缘相配合的凹槽,从而使得在推送气缸24的作用下,该晶片盘沿该凹槽推送出提篮22内;进一步地,参见图3,本实施例中还在工作平台1上对应于提篮22的位置设置托板221,且该托板221在顶升气缸23的推杆作用下,可带动该提篮22相对于该工作平台1上下移动;更进一步地,参见图3,为了防止提篮22从托板221上滑落,本实施例还可在该托板221上设置多个限位块226;本实施例中,该提篮22的个数可根据需要进行调整,相应地,对应的顶升气缸23和推送气缸24的个数也进行适应性调整;
[0025]参见图1,该定位组件具体包括固定在工作平台1上的定位安装架31,以及固定在定位安装架31上的两对定位块32,且每对定位块32对应于一个提篮22,且该定位块32上沿所述晶片盘Y轴方向设置有供晶片盘前后移动的导轨,即在推送气缸24的作用下,晶片盘被推出提篮22的部分则沿该定位块32上的导轨滑动至一定位置,具体实施时,常见图4,可根据相邻提篮之间距离的大小调整定位块的数量,例如参见图1,由于两个提篮之间距离较小,则对应于第一个提篮的第一对定位块与对应于第二个提篮的第二对定位块中,相邻的两个定位块可以合成一个定位块,则该定位块两侧分别设置对应于晶片盘边缘的导轨;进一步地,为了便于将上料后的晶片盘推送回提篮22内,本实施例还可在每对定位块32之间设置推送气缸33,以及位于该推送气缸33下的第二顶升气缸,且该推送气缸33和第二顶升气缸均固定在定位安装架31上,由于该推送气缸33是在晶片盘上料后才使用的,因此,不使用该推送气缸33时,该推送气缸33的最点所在平面低于每对定位块32上的两个导轨所在平面,而当需要使用时,则由第二顶升气缸将该推送气缸33顶升至相应高度后,再由该推送气缸33的推杆将上料后的晶片盘推送回提篮内;[〇〇26]参见图1和图2,该送料机构包括固定在工作平台1上的第一输送带机构42,设置在第一输送带机构42上的料盒43,设置在该第一输送带机构42—端的,用于承接该第一输送带机构42输送来的物料的料斗44,以及一端设置在该料斗44下方的,用于承接料斗44输送来的物料的第二输送带机构45,以及设置在该第二输送带机构45—侧的,用于将第二输送机构45上的物料吸附至上述定位组件上的晶片盘上的机械臂机构;具体地,参见图4,其中, 该第一输送带机构42包括平行于所述晶片盘Y轴的输送带421,分别设置在输送带421两端的主、从动轮,支撑主、从动轮转轴的支撑座,以及驱动主动轮的驱动气缸424,该驱动气缸 424固定在支撑座上,该支撑座则固定在工作平台1上;该第二输送带机构45包括平行于所述晶片盘X轴的同步带451,分别设置在同步带451两端的主、从动轮,支撑从动轮的支撑座, 驱动主动轮的驱动马达454,以及固定驱动马达454的马达安装板,而该马达安装板固定在工作平台1上;参见图5,该机械臂机构包括机械臂47,以及通过固定架安装在工作平台1上的机械臂导轨46,该机械臂导轨46与晶片盘Y轴相平行,机械臂47的一端以可相对于该机械臂导轨46移动的方式安装在机械臂导轨46上,该机械臂47上设置有滑块48,该滑块48以可沿晶片盘X轴方向移动的方式安装在机械臂47上,该滑块48上固定设置有两个步进马达49, 该滑块48顶部设置有千分表头412,该滑块48上还设置有送料销411,该送料销411通过导向板413固定在该滑块上,而该两个步进马达49则通过设置贯穿该导向板413的联轴器分别连接有吸嘴410,且该吸嘴410和送料销411均位于同步带451的正上方,当推送气缸24将提篮 22中推送出时,由于推送气缸24推杆的长度有限,因此,晶片盘不能够完全脱离提篮或完全进入定位组件,此时,控制移动机械臂47使得送料销411插入晶片盘一端的插孔a,然后拉动该晶片盘移动,使其完全脱离提篮,并进入定位组件,然后机械臂47返回并由吸嘴410吸取同步带451上的物料,再沿晶片盘Y轴移动机械臂将吸取的物料固定在晶片盘上相应的位置,当然若需要,还需要控制滑块沿晶片盘X轴移动,而该过程中,则由千分表头来测量滑块移动的距离;进一步第,为了避免物料在运输过程中的滑落,本实施例还可在第二输送带机构45的同步带451两侧设置物料挡板456,且该物料挡板456靠近料斗44的一端设置有多个限料块457。
[0027] 为了便于监控,本实施例还可在通过固定架设置在机械臂上方的监控镜头。
[0028] 以上所揭露的仅为本发明较佳实施例而已,当然不能以此来限定本发明之权利范围,本领域普通技术人员可以理解实现上述实施例的全部或部分流程,并依本发明权利要求所作的等同变化,仍属于发明所涵盖的范围。

Claims (8)

1.一种晶片盘推送装置,其特征在于,包括工作平台(I),以及固定在所述工作平台(I)上推送机构、定位组件和送料机构,其中,所述推送机构包括装载有多个晶片盘的至少一个提篮(22),设置在所述提篮(22)下方的顶升气缸(23),以及用于将晶片盘从所述提篮(22)内推出的推送气缸(24),所述推送气缸(24),所述提篮(22),所述定位组件和所述送料机构沿所述晶片盘Y轴方向依次排列,所述定位组件包括固定在所述工作平台(I)上的定位安装架(31),以及固定在所述定位安装架(31)上的至少一对定位块(32),每对定位块(32)对应于一个所述提篮(22),且所述定位块(32)上沿所述晶片盘Y轴方向设置有供所述晶片盘前后移动的导轨,所述送料机构包括固定在所述工作平台(I)上的第一输送带机构(42),设置在所述第一输送带机构(42)上的料盒(43),设置在所述第一输送带机构(42)—端的,用于承接所述第一输送带机构(42)输送来的物料的料斗(44),以及一端设置在所述料斗(44)下方的,用于承接物料的第二输送带机构(45),以及设置在所述第二输送带机构(45) —侧的,用于将所述第二输送机构(45)上的物料吸附至所述定位组件上的晶片盘上的机械臂机构。
2.如权利要求1所述的晶片盘推送装置,其特征在于,所述定位组件还包括设置在每对定位块(32)之间的推送气缸(33),以及位于所述推送气缸(33)下方的第二顶升气缸,所述推送气缸(33)固定在所述定位安装架(31)上,用于将所述晶片盘推送回所述提篮(22)。
3.如权利要求1所述的晶片盘推送装置,其特征在于,所述第一输送带机构(42)包括平行于所述晶片盘Y轴的输送带(421),分别设置在所述输送带(421)两端的主、从动轮,支撑所述主、从动轮转轴的支撑座,以及驱动所述主动轮的驱动气缸(424),所述驱动气缸(424)固定在所述支撑座上,所述支撑座固定在所述工作平台(I)上;和/或, 所述第二输送带机构(45)包括平行于所述晶片盘X轴的同步带(451),分别设置在所述同步带(451)两端的主、从动轮,支撑所述从动轮的支撑座,驱动所述主动轮的驱动马达(454),以及固定所述驱动马达(454)的马达安装板,所述马达安装板固定在所述工作平台(I)上。
4.如权利要求3所述的晶片盘推送装置,其特征在于,所述第二输送带机构(45)还包括设置在所述同步带(451)两侧的物料挡板(456),和/或, 所述物料挡板(456)靠近所述料斗(44)的一端设置有多个限料块(457)。
5.如权利要求3所述的晶片盘推送装置,其特征在于,所述机械臂机构包括固定在工作平台I上的,分别平行于所述晶片盘X轴的机械臂(47)和所述晶片盘Y轴的机械臂导轨(46),所述机械臂(47)的一端以可相对于该机械臂导轨沿所述晶片盘Y轴前后移动的方式安装在所述机械臂导轨(46)上,所述机械臂(47)上还设置有滑块(48),所述滑块(48)以可相对于所述机械臂(47)沿晶片盘X轴左右移动的方式安装在所述机械臂(47)上,所述滑块(48)上固定设置有至少两个步进马达(49),通过联轴器与所述步进马达(49)相连的吸嘴(410),通过导向板(413)固定在所述滑块(48)上的送料销(411),其中,所述吸嘴(410)和所述送料销(411)位于所述同步带(451)正上方,所述送料销(411),所述滑块(48)的顶部还设置有千分表头(412)。
6.如权利要求1至5中任意一项所述的晶片盘推送装置,其特征在于,所述提篮(22)为由底板(222),两个侧板(223)和顶板(224)围合形成的前后两侧开口的方形篮框,且所述顶板(224)上固定设置有手柄(225),所述侧板(223)的内壁上设置有多个与所述晶片盘边缘相配合的导轨。
7.如权利要求6所述的晶片盘推送装置,其特征在于,所述工作平台(I)上对应于所述提篮(22)的位置设置有托板(221),所述托板(221)上还固定设置有用于定位所述底板(222)的限位块(226),所述托板(221)在所述顶升气缸(23)的推杆作用下可相对于所述工作平台(I)上下移动。
8.如权利要去6所述的晶片盘推送装置,其特征在于,还包括通过固定架设置在机械臂上方的监控镜头。
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