CN104326569B - Herba Anoectochili roxburghii application in processing rural area combined system sanitary sewage - Google Patents

Herba Anoectochili roxburghii application in processing rural area combined system sanitary sewage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104326569B
CN104326569B CN201410632636.8A CN201410632636A CN104326569B CN 104326569 B CN104326569 B CN 104326569B CN 201410632636 A CN201410632636 A CN 201410632636A CN 104326569 B CN104326569 B CN 104326569B
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rural area
mixed
anoectochili roxburghii
herba anoectochili
matrix
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CN104326569A (en
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夏红霞
朱启红
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Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences
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Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • C02F3/327Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae characterised by animals and plants
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/10Inorganic compounds
    • C02F2101/16Nitrogen compounds, e.g. ammonia
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/001Runoff or storm water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/002Grey water, e.g. from clothes washers, showers or dishwashers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/005Black water originating from toilets
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses Herba Anoectochili roxburghii application in processing rural area combined system sanitary sewage, belong to field of waste water treatment.In the combined system sanitary sewage of rural area, plant Herba Anoectochili roxburghii, make full use of Herba Anoectochili roxburghii and absorb the NH in the combined system sanitary sewage of rural area4 +—N、TN、TP、CODcrDeng polluter, and the perennial characteristic of Herba Anoectochili roxburghii, permanently solve rural area combined system Sewage Pollution problem.Having small investment, operating cost low, effective, operation is simple.The Herba Anoectochili roxburghii of harvesting is the most pharmaceutically acceptable, cure mainly cough due to lung-heat, hemoptysis of pulmonary tuberculosis, hematuria, infantile convulsion, tetanus, oedema due to nephritis, rheumatic arthralgia, traumatic injury, the difficult and complicated illness such as venom, bronchitis, cystitis, diabetes, hematuria, acute, chronic hepatitis, rheumatic arthritis tumor, also hold concurrently except comedo.Utilize Herba Anoectochili roxburghii to process waste water, environmental conservation is combined with economic construction, the most month after month rely on be expected to change Traditional Ecological engineering on the operating mode of governmental input fund, of far-reaching significance.

Description

Herba Anoectochili roxburghii application in processing rural area combined system sanitary sewage
Technical field
The present invention relates to combined system sanitary sewage disposal field, rural area, purify rural area particularly to a kind of constructed wetland plant The application of combined system sanitary sewage.
Background technology
Along with China's agricultural is fast-developing, life in the countryside level significantly improves, and rural area stain disease discharge capacity also dramatically increases. According to data, within 2007, China's country sewage total emission volumn is more than 9,000,000,000 tons, and actual treatment rate is still not as good as 1%.Additionally, Rural area is with a varied topography, scattered distribution, it is difficult to as town sewage, centralized collection processes.The random discharge of rural area stain disease, be Cause the contaminated one of the main reasons of water environment such as rivers, lake, subsoil water.Rural pollution problem is the most increasingly serious, rural area Environmental pollution has become one of principal element of restriction China new countryside construction.Therefore, administer country sewage, improve life in the countryside Environment is one of control and the committed step slowing down basin water body pollution and eutrophication.
Traditional wastewater treatment technology high treating effect, be widely used, but build and operating cost costly, run multiple Miscellaneous;Rural population culture is relatively low, it is difficult to operation with traditional sewage disposal system, and the domestic sewage in rural areas amount of having is few, point Dissipate the features such as discharge, therefore traditional wastewater treatment technology is not particularly suited for the process of domestic sewage in rural areas.Therefore, applicable rural area is found " three is low " technology of area sanitary sewage disposal seems the most urgent.Artificial Wetland Techniques has adaptation scaleable, builds into The advantages such as this is cheap, maintenance cost is low, are particularly suitable for enriching in land resource, and fund and professional technician lack, and sewage is arranged Put scattered vast rural area.Up to the present, have been used for the plant in artificial swamp and have phragmites communis, Caulis Miscanthis floriduli, Oryza sativa L., stone Chang The plants such as Pu, Herba Eichhorniae, parasol grass, Medulla Junci, swamp cabbage, Herba Apii, Canna generalis Bailey, all achieve preferable experiment effect.But Existing wetland plant mostly is common plant, and economic worth is relatively low, is difficult to embody the economic benefit of wetland technology;Meanwhile, existing people Work wetland plant mostly is annual plant, and the plant after death enters water body, easily causes secondary pollution, affects the clean of wet land system Change effect.Also need after wetland plant death again to change, virtually can increase the operating cost of wetland technology, can reduce further The market competitiveness of wetland technology.And, rural area combined system sanitary sewage and city domestic sewage component difference are relatively big, existing wet Ground plant might not be adapted to the purification of rural area combined system sanitary sewage, therefore filters out and is adapted to rural area combined system life dirt The wetland plant of the high economic worth of water is significant.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to: for problems such as above-mentioned existing wetland plant economic worth are low, annual, it is provided that a kind of Economic worth is higher perennial and can be used for purifying the new plant resource of rural area combined system sanitary sewage.Utilize economic worth relatively High plant purification rural area combined system sanitary sewage, combines environmental conservation with landscape construction, embodies sewage disposal, ecology The idea of sustainable development that reparation and landscape construction are taken into account mutually with economic benefit, has theoretical research and combines with applied research Feature, this is that countryside sewage treating practical application provides novel thinking and theoretical foundation.This will be expected to change Traditional Ecological work Cheng Changnian month after month relies on the operating mode of governmental input fund, has far reaching significance.
In order to realize foregoing invention purpose, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
In artificial swamp, plant Herba Anoectochili roxburghii, utilize and build wet land system purification rural area combined system sanitary sewage.
Herba Anoectochili roxburghii (Anoectochilus roxburghii Lindl): the orchid family gold thread Nelumbo Herba Anoectochili roxburghii belongs to perennial herb Plant.Among the people, there is extensive medical value, have the laudatory titles such as " king of medicine ", " gold grass ", " SHENCAO ", " bird Radix Ginseng ".Leaf buckler-shaped, Rhizome is relatively thin, and petiole is elongated, sepia, can climb up by holding on to.Can not resist cold, like warm and moist, temperature of surviving the winter more than 10 DEG C.Semen arachidis hypogaeae is in leaf Axil, has Huang, isochrome red, reddish brown, milky white, irregular.Crimping in shrinkage, irregular dry herb, rhizome is cylindrical, how curved Song, long 1-5cm, surface sepia, stipes is obvious, has golden yellow netted veins, and bottom collection gives birth to 2-4 sheet leaf, leaf alternate, crispatura more and Completely, expanding into width egg shape, surface is dark brown, below kermesinus, part vein aubergine, master pulse 3 ~ 7, petiole base sheath shape Embracing stem, accidental raceme top is raw, flower burgundy, and rare capsule square is circular, and fragrance is special, lightly seasoned.Its staminiferous plant is in female plant slightly Difference, the vein essentially consisting in female plant is the deepest, and staminiferous plant almost can not see vein.
Herba Anoectochili roxburghii medical value: clearing away heat and cooling blood, removing dampness and detoxicating, Yin Yang balancing, strengthening the body resistance, yin yang complementarity, skin care of promoting the production of body fluid, The function that QI and blood regulating, the five internal organs, foster longevity prolong life.Enter kidney, the heart, lung three warp, body immunity can be improved comprehensively, strengthen human body pair The resistance of disease.Cure mainly cough due to lung-heat, hemoptysis of pulmonary tuberculosis, hematuria, infantile convulsion, tetanus, oedema due to nephritis, rheumatic arthralgia, Traumatic injury, venom, bronchitis, cystitis, diabetes, hematuria, acute, chronic hepatitis, rheumatic arthritis tumor etc. are doubted Difficult disease, also holds concurrently except comedo.
Inventor finds in long-term substantial amounts of experiment journey, and Herba Anoectochili roxburghii can be as a kind of novel constructed wetland plant, energy Effectively reduce the ammonia nitrogen (NH4+ N) in the combined system sanitary sewage of rural area, total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), COD (CODcr) pollutant such as.Based on above-mentioned discovery, Herba Anoectochili roxburghii is planted the place being used for rural area combined system sanitary sewage in artificial swamp Reason.It is monitored analyzing by the wet land system influent waste water and effluent quality thereof that kind is periodically implanted with Herba Anoectochili roxburghii, fully confirms Herba Anoectochili roxburghii is to the ammonia nitrogen (NH in waste water4 +N), total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), COD (CODcr) etc. have higher Detergent power, can be used for the purified treatment of rural area combined system sanitary sewage.And Herba Anoectochili roxburghii vitality is the most vigorous, easily survives, The most low temperature resistant, and be perennial root herbaceous plant, it is not required to plant every year, in whole growth course, is not required to particular tube Reason.
In sum, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, through long-term great many of experiments, the present invention finds that Herba Anoectochili roxburghii is to the ammonia nitrogen (NH in the combined system sanitary sewage of rural area4 +— N), total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), COD (CODcr) etc. polluter there is significant clean-up effect.Therefore, led to Cross Artificial Wetland Techniques and purify rural area combined system sanitary sewage, the NH in absorption and accumulation waste water4 +—N、TN、TP、CODcrDeng pollution Material, thus reduce the NH in waste water4 +—N、TN、TP、CODcrDeng polluter content;When it grows to certain biomass, logical Cross hand harvest, so that it may reduce NH in waste water4 +—N、TN、TP、CODcrDeng pollutant load, it is achieved purify the purpose of waste water.
2, due to the physiological property of Herba Anoectochili roxburghii itself, for perennial plant, it is not required to plant every year, in whole growth course Being not required to carry out special management, thus operating cost is low, effective, operation is simple.Meanwhile, artificial swamp skill is also enriched Art plant storehouse, the deep development processing eutrophication water for Artificial Wetland Techniques brings new progress and development space.
3, through periodically harvesting, can realize NH in waste water4 +—N、TN、TP、CODcrDeng the purification of pollutant, prevent it Dry branches and fallen leaves falls into formation secondary pollution in water.The Herba Anoectochili roxburghii of harvesting cures mainly cough due to lung-heat, hemoptysis of pulmonary tuberculosis, hematuria, and children's shies Wind, tetanus, oedema due to nephritis, rheumatic arthralgia, traumatic injury, venom, bronchitis, cystitis, diabetes, hematuria, urgency The difficult and complicated illness such as chronic hepatitis, rheumatic arthritis tumor, also hold concurrently except comedo.
4, Herba Anoectochili roxburghii not only has preferable purifying of the hypertrophic water system effect, and has higher medical value.With existing Having technology to compare, no matter the present invention has in operating cost, Operation and Maintenance, treatment effect, or environmental benefit, economic benefit etc. There is obvious advantage.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that embodiment 1 Herba Anoectochili roxburghii processes NH in the combined system sanitary sewage of rural area4 +N effect schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is that embodiment 1 Herba Anoectochili roxburghii processes TN effect schematic diagram in the combined system sanitary sewage of rural area.
Fig. 3 is that embodiment 1 Herba Anoectochili roxburghii processes TP effect schematic diagram in the combined system sanitary sewage of rural area.
Fig. 4 is that embodiment 1 Herba Anoectochili roxburghii processes COD in the combined system sanitary sewage of rural areacrEffect schematic diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the present invention is described in further detail.
In order to make the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment, The present invention is further elaborated.Specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the present invention, is not used to Limit the present invention.
Embodiment 1
The present embodiment is the application that Herba Anoectochili roxburghii processes rural area combined system sanitary sewage, and concrete application way is as follows:
1, rural area combined system sanitary sewage pretreatment
Containing materials such as a large amount of degradable granule materials, silts in the combined system sanitary sewage of rural area, if being directly entered artificial Wet land system, easily blocks wet land system, causes the internal anoxia of wet land system, affects the detergent power of wet land system.Useless for reducing The ponding of particulate matter in water, first passes through sedimentation and filtration treatment before waste water enters wet land system, removes in waste water Silt and floating large particulate matter.
For guaranteeing Wastewater Pretreatment effect, it is desirable to the waste water entrance Sedimentation tank time of staying is 3 hours, and grid space is 0.5- 1cm。
2, the structure of artificial wet land system
Wet land system a size of 120cm × 50cm × 90cm(L × W × H), wetland is laid mixed base the most successively Matter 1, mixed-matrix 2, mixed-matrix 3, be provided with water leg and outlet on the right side of wet land system.Described artificial wet land system It is characterised by: the internal mixed-matrix filling screening of wet land system and oscillation, by the hole pair of oscillation Wet land system is internal supports automatically.
For raising structure wet land system Wetland Substrate to the detergent power of nitrogen phosphorus in sewage, wadding warp screening in wet land system Mixed-matrix 1, mixed-matrix 2 and the mixed-matrix 3 gone out, each substrate particular make-up is as follows: mixed-matrix 1 gravel: useless brick Stone=1:2, mixed-matrix 2 shale: Vermiculitum=1:1, mixed-matrix 3 sandy soil: useless masonry=3:1.
In order to improve the Oxygen supplied level built within wet land system, thus improve the detergent power of wet land system, above-mentioned wet Ground system mesostroma particle diameter, filling thickness all carried out artificial screening.Wetland Substrate particle diameter shows with filling thickness screening test Filling the mixed-matrix 1 that 15-20cm is thick, particle diameter is 20~30mm in wetland, 30-35cm thickness particle diameter is 5~10mm mixed-matrixes 2 And the mixed-matrix 3 that 25-30cm is thick, particle diameter is 1~5mm.
In order to improve the Oxygen supplied level built within wet land system further, thus improve the detergent power of wet land system, In above-mentioned wet land system, the oscillation filling number of plies carried out artificial screening, and the selection result shows in above-mentioned wet land system mixed When all laying one layer of oscillation bottom conjunction substrate 1 and mixed-matrix 2, wet land system clean-up effect is best.
In order to improve the detergent power of wet land system of the present invention further, this wetland water purification mode uses undercurrent type to intake, Waste water enters from left side, water leg on the right side of entrance after wet land system processes, and gets rid of through discharge outlet;Further, carry out during water inlet Compartment is intake, and each flooding time is 6d, then stops water inlet 1d.The period do not intake is utilized to supplement wet land system further Internal oxygen content, thus improve the internal oxygen delivery capacity automatically of wet land system.
3, rural area combined system sanitary sewage disposal example
Waste water dam starts from JIUYUE in 2014 on the 26th, terminates on October 31st, 2014, was one with 7 days and processes week Phase, coprocessing 5 time-of-week.
Before carrying out waste water process, the most in its natural state, the Herba Anoectochili roxburghii collected directly is planted the table in wetland In layer soil, stablize 14 days with tap water.After plant to be planted is stable, process rural area combined system sanitary sewage from water distributor water inlet.
Stopped by the different inflow of mensuration, optimal waterpower during utilizing artificial wetland treatment rural area combined system sanitary sewage Stay time constructed wetlands system to NH in waste water4 +—N、TN、TP、CODcrDeng the clean-up effect of pollutant, to determine this experiment Optimal inflow and optimal water power standing time.
According to measuring result, Herba Anoectochili roxburghii artificial wet land system processes the optimal waterpower of rural area combined system sanitary sewage and stops Staying the time is 6d, and optimal inflow is calculated by following equation:
Q=Fqt/0.0365
In formula:
Q waste water design discharge, m3/d;
The land area that F artificial swamp takies, hm2
Q hydraulic load, mm/d, in this test, q takes 100mm/d
T waterpower runs time, d.
0.0365 conversion coefficient.
Being computed, the optimal inflow of this system is 0.98m3, therefore water inlet flow velocity is 0.11cm3/s.Wet for improving further The automatic support capacity of ground system, uses intermittent loading mode in test.System 8 a.m. is intake, and each flooding time is 6d, then stops water inlet 1d.The i.e. each run cycle is 7d, and wherein the sewage time of staying in the reactor is 6d, 6d heel row Water, ensuing 1d reactor enters and stops the not stage.
During whole test, Herba Anoectochili roxburghii purifies the NH during combined system sanitary sewage of rural area4 +—N、TN、TP、CODcrDeng dirty The dye water inlet of material, aqueous concentration and clearance see accompanying drawing 1~4.As seen from the figure, Herba Anoectochili roxburghii is to NH in waste water4 +—N、TN、 TP、CODcrIt is respectively as follows: 58.5%, 60.1%, 64.5%, 73.1% Deng the purification efficiency of polluter.
Visible by above-described embodiment, Herba Anoectochili roxburghii is to the NH in the combined system sanitary sewage of rural area4 +—N、TN、TP、CODcrTool There is significant removal effect, can be used for the process of rural area combined system sanitary sewage.

Claims (1)

1. Herba Anoectochili roxburghii application in processing rural area combined system sanitary sewage, plants Herba Anoectochili roxburghii in automatically for oxidation and artificial wetland system Purifying rural area combined system sanitary sewage in system, described automatic oxygen supply artificial wet land system includes mixed-matrix, described mixed-matrix For mixed-matrix 1 gravel: give up masonry=1:2, mixed-matrix 2 shale: Vermiculitum=1:1 and mixed-matrix 3 are husky Soil: useless masonry=3:1;Filling 15-20cm thickness, the mixed-matrix 1 of particle diameter 20~30mm in described wetland, 30-35cm thickness particle diameter is The mixed-matrix 3 that 5~10mm mixed-matrixes 2 and 25-30cm are thick, particle diameter is 1~5mm;Mixed-matrix 1 in described wet land system With all lay one layer of oscillation bottom mixed-matrix 2;Described wetland water purification mode uses compartment undercurrent type to intake, waste water Enter from left side, water leg on the right side of entrance after wet land system processes, and get rid of through discharge outlet;Flooding time is 6d every time, so Rear stopping water inlet 1d.
CN201410632636.8A 2014-11-11 2014-11-11 Herba Anoectochili roxburghii application in processing rural area combined system sanitary sewage Expired - Fee Related CN104326569B (en)

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101591066A (en) * 2009-07-13 2009-12-02 四川农业大学 The application of bitter cress in handling livestock breeding wastewater
CN101591067A (en) * 2009-07-13 2009-12-02 四川农业大学 The application of Ranunculus sieboldii Miq. in handling livestock breeding wastewater
CN101597107A (en) * 2009-07-13 2009-12-09 四川农业大学 The application of Herba Delphinii Anthriscifolii in handling livestock breeding wastewater
CN101618913A (en) * 2009-08-04 2010-01-06 四川农业大学 Application of valerian in treating livestock breeding wastewater
CN102329002A (en) * 2011-08-08 2012-01-25 重庆文理学院 Application of plant ecological floating bed to restoration of eutrophic water
CN102583750A (en) * 2012-01-12 2012-07-18 重庆文理学院 Automatic oxygen increasing type constructed wetland device adopting hollow bricks
CN102642927A (en) * 2012-01-12 2012-08-22 重庆文理学院 Automatic oxygen supply type constructed wetland device
CN103351080A (en) * 2013-07-02 2013-10-16 贵州师范大学 Purification method for rural domestic sewage and stepped sewage percolation purification system

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101591066A (en) * 2009-07-13 2009-12-02 四川农业大学 The application of bitter cress in handling livestock breeding wastewater
CN101591067A (en) * 2009-07-13 2009-12-02 四川农业大学 The application of Ranunculus sieboldii Miq. in handling livestock breeding wastewater
CN101597107A (en) * 2009-07-13 2009-12-09 四川农业大学 The application of Herba Delphinii Anthriscifolii in handling livestock breeding wastewater
CN101618913A (en) * 2009-08-04 2010-01-06 四川农业大学 Application of valerian in treating livestock breeding wastewater
CN102329002A (en) * 2011-08-08 2012-01-25 重庆文理学院 Application of plant ecological floating bed to restoration of eutrophic water
CN102583750A (en) * 2012-01-12 2012-07-18 重庆文理学院 Automatic oxygen increasing type constructed wetland device adopting hollow bricks
CN102642927A (en) * 2012-01-12 2012-08-22 重庆文理学院 Automatic oxygen supply type constructed wetland device
CN103351080A (en) * 2013-07-02 2013-10-16 贵州师范大学 Purification method for rural domestic sewage and stepped sewage percolation purification system

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