CN104326028A - Automatic spare tire fixing device and overturning hanger - Google Patents

Automatic spare tire fixing device and overturning hanger Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104326028A
CN104326028A CN201410589688.1A CN201410589688A CN104326028A CN 104326028 A CN104326028 A CN 104326028A CN 201410589688 A CN201410589688 A CN 201410589688A CN 104326028 A CN104326028 A CN 104326028A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
connecting rod
cam
spare tyre
telescoping cylinder
hinged
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201410589688.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104326028B (en
Inventor
陈春松
侯键国
蔡猛昌
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHTC JOVE Heavy Industry Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
CHTC CHUANG FENG HEAVY INDUSTRY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CHTC CHUANG FENG HEAVY INDUSTRY Co Ltd filed Critical CHTC CHUANG FENG HEAVY INDUSTRY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410589688.1A priority Critical patent/CN104326028B/en
Publication of CN104326028A publication Critical patent/CN104326028A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104326028B publication Critical patent/CN104326028B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D43/00Spare wheel stowing, holding, or mounting arrangements
    • B62D43/02Spare wheel stowing, holding, or mounting arrangements external to the vehicle body
    • B62D43/04Spare wheel stowing, holding, or mounting arrangements external to the vehicle body attached beneath the vehicle body

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic spare tire fixing device and an overturning hanger. The automatic spare tire fixing device comprises a fixing plate, a motor, a servo valve, a control switch, a position sensor, a signal amplifier, a cam and a limiting seat, wherein the motor comprises a central rotating shaft penetrating through the fixing plate, the cam is arranged on the end part of the central rotating shaft, a slide pin which contacts the cam is arranged in the limiting seat, a spare tire hub is arranged between the slide pin and the fixing plate, the output ends of the control switch and the position sensor are respectively connected with the input end of the signal amplifier, and the output end of the signal amplifier is connected with the control end of the servo valve. By adopting the structure, the spare tire hub can be automatically fixed and released by utilizing the cam and the slide pin, the well-fixed spare tire can be overturned from the vertical direction to the horizontal direction and can be folded to the bottom of a car, and the automatic spare tire fixing device is simple to operate, high in stability and capable of saving time and labor.

Description

A kind of spare tyre automatic fixer and upset hanger
Technical field
The present invention relates to spare tyre automatic turning anchor fitting design field, particularly relate to a kind of spare tyre automatic fixer and upset hanger.
Background technology
At present, the spare tyre of automobile carries various ways, and conventional is ratchet elevator structure or worm gear lifting mechanism.The fixing great majority of spare tyre are all M/Cs, but no matter spare tyre all must be shifted onto below lifting mechanism by which kind of mechanism.
Generally, the spare tyre lifting mechanism of truck is all arranged on the below of car chassis.In this case, operating personal load or dismounting spare tyre time, effort is compared in operation, and no matter spare tyre is in rising or decline, and promotes all to need in the process below spare tyre to car chassis to consume a large amount of muscle power.In addition, because lifting mechanism is positioned at the side-lower of automobile, operational space is limited, brings much inconvenience to the fixing operation of operating personal to spare tyre.
Summary of the invention
The technical matters that the present invention mainly solves is to provide a kind of spare tyre automatic fixer and upset hanger, is arranged on truck chassis side, automatically carries out fixing and take in bottom of car, rapid operation of spare tyre.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: provide a kind of spare tyre automatic fixer, comprise: adapter plate, motor, servovalve, master cock, position transduser, signal amplifier, cam and limit base, described motor is vertically set on adapter plate, described motor comprises a central rotating shaft through adapter plate, described cam is arranged on the end of central rotating shaft, described limit base is positioned on adapter plate and is also evenly arranged on respectively around cam, the sliding pin contacted with cam is provided with among described limit base, described spare tyre wheel hub is arranged between sliding pin and adapter plate, described position transduser is arranged on the side of cam, described master cock is connected with the input end of signal amplifier respectively with the mouth of position transduser, the mouth of described signal amplifier is connected with the control end of servovalve, described servovalve is connected between motor and external power supply.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described motor is for surging or air motor, and described external power supply is vehicle-mounted air pump or oil pump.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, between described sliding pin and limit base, be provided with retracing spring.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described cam is provided with the jag identical with sliding pin quantity, described sliding pin does reciprocal telescopic movement with the rotation of cam.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, another technical solution used in the present invention is: provide a kind of upset hanger, comprise described spare tyre automatic fixer.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described upset hanger also comprises track, slide plate and four-bar linkage, described slide plate is arranged in orbit, be provided with the first telescoping cylinder between described slide plate and track to be connected, described four-bar linkage comprises first connecting rod, second connecting rod, third connecting rod and double leval jib, described first connecting rod comprises first end and the second end, described second connecting rod comprises the 3rd end and the 4th end, described third connecting rod comprises five terminal and the 6th end, described double leval jib comprises the 7th end and the 8th end, described first connecting rod is arranged on adapter plate, described first end and the 3rd end are hinged, described slide plate is provided with a chute, a slide block is provided with in described chute, be provided with the second telescoping cylinder between described slide block and the end of slide plate to be connected, described slide block and the 4th end are hinged, the end of described five terminal and slide plate is hinged, described second end and the 7th end are hinged, described 6th end and the 8th end are hinged, described second connecting rod and third connecting rod intersect and hinged.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described slide block drives the 4th horizontal slip of end and the rotation of second connecting rod under the effect of the second telescoping cylinder, and described first connecting rod overturns between level and vertical direction with the rotation of second connecting rod under the cooperation of third connecting rod and double leval jib.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described slide plate slides in orbit under the traction of the first telescoping cylinder.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the end of described track is extended downwards has one with the fixed link of fixed orifice, described second connecting rod is provided with a pin-and-hole, when described first connecting rod turn to level attitude, described fixed orifice overlaps with pin-and-hole and is provided with pin and fixes.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described first telescoping cylinder is connected with the first change-over valve, and described second telescoping cylinder is connected with the second change-over valve, and described first telescoping cylinder and the second telescoping cylinder are respectively pneumatic or hydraulically extensible cylinder.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: a kind of spare tyre automatic fixer that the present invention points out and upset hanger, cam and sliding pin is utilized to achieve the automatically fixing of spare tyre wheel hub and release, and spare tyre automatic fixer is arranged on upset hanger, can the spare tyre fixed be overturn as horizontal direction is also received to bottom of car from vertical direction, easy and simple to handle, stability is high, time saving and energy saving.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention, below the accompanying drawing used required in describing embodiment is briefly described, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the prerequisite not paying creative work, other accompanying drawing can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of spare tyre automatic fixer of the present invention and the preferred embodiment of upset hanger one;
Fig. 2 is that the A of Fig. 1 is to partial view;
Fig. 3 is the right elevation of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 be in Fig. 3 four-bar linkage open after structural representation;
Fig. 5 is the birds-eye view of Fig. 3.
In accompanying drawing, the mark of each parts is as follows: 1, spare tyre, 2, second connecting rod, 3, pin, 4, first connecting rod, 5, slide plate, 6, slide block, 7, track, 8, third connecting rod, 9, double leval jib, 10, first change-over valve, 11, first telescoping cylinder, 12, second telescoping cylinder, 13, adapter plate, 14, second change-over valve, 15, limit base, 16, sliding pin, 17, retracing spring, 18, cam, 19, motor, 20, position transduser, 21, signal amplifier, 22, servovalve, 23, master cock, 71, fixed link, A1, first end, B2, 4th end, A3, five terminal, A4, 7th end, B4, 8th end.
Detailed description of the invention
Be clearly and completely described to the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention below, obviously, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art, not making other embodiments all obtained under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Refer to Fig. 1 to Fig. 5, the embodiment of the present invention comprises:
A kind of spare tyre automatic fixer, comprise: adapter plate 13, motor 19, servovalve 22, master cock 23, position transduser 20, signal amplifier 21, cam 18 and limit base 15, described motor 19 is vertically set on adapter plate 13, described motor 19 comprises a central rotating shaft through adapter plate, described cam 18 is arranged on the end of central rotating shaft, described limit base 15 is positioned on adapter plate 13 and is also evenly arranged on cam 18 around respectively, the sliding pin 16 contacted with cam 18 is provided with among described limit base 15, the wheel hub of described spare tyre 1 is arranged between sliding pin 16 and adapter plate 13, described position transduser 20 is arranged on the side of cam 18, described master cock 23 is connected with the input end of signal amplifier 21 respectively with the mouth of position transduser 20, the mouth of described signal amplifier 21 is connected with the control end of servovalve 22, described servovalve 22 is connected between motor 19 and external power supply, servovalve 22 is utilized to control the rotational angle of motor 19.
Motor 19 in described spare tyre automatic fixer is for surging or air motor, and described external power supply is vehicle-mounted air pump or oil pump.
Further, retracing spring 17 is provided with between described sliding pin 16 and limit base 15.
Further, described cam 18 is provided with the jag identical with sliding pin 16 quantity, described sliding pin 16 does reciprocal telescopic movement with the rotation of cam 18, spare tyre 1 is rolled to cam 18 place, when the jag of cam 18 ejects sliding pin 16, sliding pin 16 achieves fixing spare tyre 1, rapid operation.
A kind of upset hanger, comprises described spare tyre automatic fixer.
Further, described upset hanger also comprises track 7, slide plate 5 and four-bar linkage, described slide plate 5 is arranged in track 7, be provided with the first telescoping cylinder 11 between described slide plate 5 and track 7 to be connected, described four-bar linkage comprises first connecting rod 4, second connecting rod 2, third connecting rod 8 and double leval jib 9, described first connecting rod 4 comprises first end A1 and the second end, described second connecting rod 2 comprises the 3rd end and the 4th end B2, described third connecting rod 8 comprises five terminal A3 and the 6th end, described double leval jib 9 comprises the 7th end A4 and the 8th end B4, described first connecting rod 4 is arranged on adapter plate 13, described first end A1 and the 3rd end are hinged, described slide plate 5 is provided with a chute, a slide block 6 is provided with in described chute, be provided with the second telescoping cylinder phase 12 between described slide block 6 and the end of slide plate 5 to be connected, described slide block 6 and the 4th end B2 are hinged, the end of described five terminal A3 and slide plate 5 is hinged, described second end and the 7th end A4 are hinged, described 6th end and the 8th end B4 are hinged, described second connecting rod 2 and third connecting rod 8 intersect and hinged.
Further, described slide block 6 drives the horizontal slip of the 4th end B2 and the rotation of second connecting rod 2 under the effect of the second telescoping cylinder 12, described first connecting rod 4 overturns between level and vertical direction with the rotation of second connecting rod 2 under the cooperation of third connecting rod 8 and double leval jib 9, spare tyre automatic fixer work when first connecting rod 4 turn to outside vertical direction, conveniently carries out the fixing of spare tyre 1 or release.
Further, described slide plate 5 slides under the traction of the first telescoping cylinder 11 in track 7, and when changing tire, adapter plate 13 extends to the outside of vehicle chassis, changes the problem that operational space is in the past narrow and small, more convenient to operate.
Further, the end of described track 7 is extended downwards has one with the fixed link 71 of fixed orifice, described second connecting rod 2 is provided with a pin-and-hole, when described first connecting rod 4 turn to level attitude, described fixed orifice overlaps with pin-and-hole and is provided with pin 3 and fixes, rigid connection, improves the stability of spare tyre 1 in transportation.
Further, described first telescoping cylinder 11 is connected with the first change-over valve 10, control the flexible of slide plate 5, described second telescoping cylinder 12 is connected with the second change-over valve 14, control the slip of slide block 6, realize lifting and the upset of adapter plate 13, described first telescoping cylinder 11 and the second telescoping cylinder 12 are respectively pneumatic or hydraulically extensible cylinder, air pump or the oil pump of preferential employing automobile provide propulsion source, reduce use cost.
Spare tyre automatic fixer of the present invention and upset hanger, operation easier and the working strength of operating personal when spare tyre is changed can be effectively reduced, do not need again spare tyre to be shifted onto below car chassis, the mechanization achieving spare tyre 1 is fixed, simplify control step, also do not need operating personal to pierce the side-lower of automobile, adapter plate 13 is turned to outside, and operational space is more abundant.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby the scope of the claims of the present invention is limited; every utilize description of the present invention to do equivalent structure or equivalent flow process conversion; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical field, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a spare tyre automatic fixer, fixing for spare tyre, it is characterized in that, comprise: adapter plate, motor, servovalve, master cock, position transduser, signal amplifier, cam and limit base, described motor is vertically set on adapter plate, described motor comprises a central rotating shaft through adapter plate, described cam is arranged on the end of central rotating shaft, described limit base is positioned on adapter plate and is also evenly arranged on respectively around cam, the sliding pin contacted with cam is provided with among described limit base, described spare tyre wheel hub is arranged between sliding pin and adapter plate, described position transduser is arranged on the side of cam, described master cock is connected with the input end of signal amplifier respectively with the mouth of position transduser, the mouth of described signal amplifier is connected with the control end of servovalve, described servovalve is connected between motor and external power supply.
2. spare tyre automatic fixer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described motor is for surging or air motor, and described external power supply is vehicle-mounted air pump or oil pump.
3. spare tyre automatic fixer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, is provided with retracing spring between described sliding pin and limit base.
4. spare tyre automatic fixer according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described cam is provided with the jag identical with sliding pin quantity, and described sliding pin does reciprocal telescopic movement with the rotation of cam.
5. overturn a hanger, it is characterized in that, comprising: the arbitrary described spare tyre automatic fixer of Claims 1-4.
6. upset hanger according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, described upset hanger also comprises track, slide plate and four-bar linkage, described slide plate is arranged in orbit, be provided with the first telescoping cylinder between described slide plate and track to be connected, described four-bar linkage comprises first connecting rod, second connecting rod, third connecting rod and double leval jib, described first connecting rod comprises first end and the second end, described second connecting rod comprises the 3rd end and the 4th end, described third connecting rod comprises five terminal and the 6th end, described double leval jib comprises the 7th end and the 8th end, described first connecting rod is arranged on adapter plate, described first end and the 3rd end are hinged, described slide plate is provided with a chute, a slide block is provided with in described chute, be provided with the second telescoping cylinder between described slide block and the end of slide plate to be connected, described slide block and the 4th end are hinged, the end of described five terminal and slide plate is hinged, described second end and the 7th end are hinged, described 6th end and the 8th end are hinged, described second connecting rod and third connecting rod intersect and hinged.
7. upset hanger according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, described slide block drives the 4th horizontal slip of end and the rotation of second connecting rod under the effect of the second telescoping cylinder, and described first connecting rod overturns between level and vertical direction with the rotation of second connecting rod under the cooperation of third connecting rod and double leval jib.
8. upset hanger according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described slide plate slides in orbit under the traction of the first telescoping cylinder.
9. upset hanger according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, the end of described track is extended downwards has one with the fixed link of fixed orifice, described second connecting rod is provided with a pin-and-hole, when described first connecting rod turn to level attitude, described fixed orifice overlaps with pin-and-hole and is provided with pin and fixes.
10. upset hanger according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, described first telescoping cylinder is connected with the first change-over valve, and described second telescoping cylinder is connected with the second change-over valve, and described first telescoping cylinder and the second telescoping cylinder are respectively pneumatic or hydraulically extensible cylinder.
CN201410589688.1A 2014-10-29 2014-10-29 A kind of spare tyre automatic fixer and upset hanger Active CN104326028B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108128358A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-08 北奔重型汽车集团有限公司 A kind of heavy truck side hydraulic pressure wheel support
WO2018171104A1 (en) * 2017-03-21 2018-09-27 深圳市鑫宝临五金有限公司 Lifting mechanism

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS59199330A (en) * 1983-04-26 1984-11-12 Honda Motor Co Ltd Controller for differential lock apparatus
CN1948075A (en) * 2006-11-10 2007-04-18 黄林业 Folding spare tyre supporter
CN101428651A (en) * 2007-11-09 2009-05-13 李子阳 Lifter for spare tyre
KR20100019160A (en) * 2008-08-08 2010-02-18 현대자동차주식회사 Over torque protection device of spare tire for vehicle
US20130142603A1 (en) * 2011-12-06 2013-06-06 Batz, S.Coop. Spare wheel storage assembly for a vehicle
CN204173031U (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-02-25 恒天创丰重工有限公司 A kind of spare tyre automatic fixer and upset hanger

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS59199330A (en) * 1983-04-26 1984-11-12 Honda Motor Co Ltd Controller for differential lock apparatus
CN1948075A (en) * 2006-11-10 2007-04-18 黄林业 Folding spare tyre supporter
CN101428651A (en) * 2007-11-09 2009-05-13 李子阳 Lifter for spare tyre
KR20100019160A (en) * 2008-08-08 2010-02-18 현대자동차주식회사 Over torque protection device of spare tire for vehicle
US20130142603A1 (en) * 2011-12-06 2013-06-06 Batz, S.Coop. Spare wheel storage assembly for a vehicle
CN204173031U (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-02-25 恒天创丰重工有限公司 A kind of spare tyre automatic fixer and upset hanger

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2018171104A1 (en) * 2017-03-21 2018-09-27 深圳市鑫宝临五金有限公司 Lifting mechanism
CN108128358A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-08 北奔重型汽车集团有限公司 A kind of heavy truck side hydraulic pressure wheel support

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Effective date of registration: 20161230

Address after: 410000 Hunan province Changsha City Economic and Technological Development Zone Li Xiang Road No. 236

Patentee after: CHTC JOVE Heavy Industry Co., Ltd.

Address before: 224100 Jiangsu province Yancheng City Dazhong Town Industrial Park Dafeng City Office

Patentee before: CHTC CHUANG FENG HEAVY INDUSTRY CO., LTD.