CN104325325A - Shell milling fixture - Google Patents

Shell milling fixture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104325325A
CN104325325A CN201410557382.8A CN201410557382A CN104325325A CN 104325325 A CN104325325 A CN 104325325A CN 201410557382 A CN201410557382 A CN 201410557382A CN 104325325 A CN104325325 A CN 104325325A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
base
pin
hole
clamping
drive link
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410557382.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
付建
邹洪
Original Assignee
芜湖市泰能电热器具有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 芜湖市泰能电热器具有限公司 filed Critical 芜湖市泰能电热器具有限公司
Priority to CN201410557382.8A priority Critical patent/CN104325325A/en
Publication of CN104325325A publication Critical patent/CN104325325A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated
    • B23Q3/082Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated hydraulically actuated

Abstract

The invention relates to a shell milling fixture. The shell milling fixture comprises a base, clamping devices, a positioning device, a No.1 support and a No.2 support, wherein through holes are formed in the left and right side surfaces of the base, three auxiliary plates are arranged on the bottom surface of the base, through holes are formed in the middle parts of the auxiliary plates, a No.1 pin hole is formed in the left side of the middle part of the upper surface of the base and a No.2 pin hole is formed in the right side of the middle part of the upper surface of the base; the No.1 support is fixedly arranged at the right part of the upper surface of the base through screws, a baffle is installed on the No.1 support, a hinging hole is formed in the upper surface of the baffle and the clamping device is installed on the baffle; the No.2 support is fixedly arranged at the left part of the upper surface of the base through screws, a baffle is installed on the No.2 support, a hinging hole is arranged on the upper surface of the baffle and the clamping device is installed on the baffle; the positioning device is installed on the base. The shell milling fixture has the advantages that the clamping efficiency is high, the machining accuracy of the workpiece can be stably guaranteed, the cost is lower, quick clamping can be realized and the fixture is convenient and quick to use.

Description

A kind of housing milling clamper
Technical field
The present invention relates to jig Design technical field, specifically a kind of housing milling clamper.
Background technology
Decelerator is the independently type closed driving device between prime mover and working machine, is used for reducing rotating speed and increasing torque, to meet need of work.Reduction box is the important composition parts of decelerator, and it is the pedestal of driving parts, plays support and fixing shafting components, ensures the running accuracy of gear, is important function such as storing, provide lubrication and cooling oil in gear operation process, prevent that dust from entering.In addition, decelerating casing plays support and connection function in whole decelerator, and it couples together each part, supporting shaft, ensures the correct installation of each transmission mechanism.The quality of decelerating casing crudy, directly has influence on the accuracy of axle and gear part position, also will affect life-span and the quality of decelerator.In the process of processing housing, fixture is absolutely necessary equipment.Fixture is a kind of technological equipment that machine-building factory uses, and is divided into jig, weld jig, assembling jig and inspection jig etc.When carrying out machining to workpiece, in order to ensure processing request, workpiece first to be made to have correct position relative to cutter and lathe, and this position is not changed because of the impact of external force in process.For this reason, before carrying out machining, first that clamping workpiece is good.At present, most fixture all adopts hand-operated clamping mode, and hand-operated clamping not only easily makes locate failure but also affects operating efficiency.And modern processing needs easy to operate, automation, the fixture that operating efficiency is high can be realized.For the processing of reducer shell, in order to ensure machining accuracy, the surface of reducer shell needs to carry out finish-milling processing, mostly adopt in factory and upper and lower casing is carried out processing mode separately, this mode often can not ensure machining accuracy, but adopt the seal that first often can ensure the mode of carrying out again processing after upper and lower casing assembling to process back casing, so the milling clamper of reprocessing after being badly in need of a kind of upper and lower casing can combination.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention be to provide a kind of reasonable in design, clamping efficiency is high, stably can ensure the machining accuracy of workpiece, and can raise labour productivity, lower-cost milling clamper, be i.e. a kind of housing milling clamper.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention realizes by the following technical solutions:
A kind of housing milling clamper, comprises base, clamping device, positioner, a bearing and No. two bearings.Described base left and right sides are equipped with through hole, and described base end face is provided with three subplates, and is equipped with through hole in the middle part of subplate, and in the middle part of described base upper surface, left side is provided with a pin-and-hole, and in the middle part of described base upper surface, right side is provided with No. two pin-and-holes.A described bearing is fixed by screws in base upper surface right part, and a bearing is provided with dividing plate, and described dividing plate upper surface is provided with hinge hole, and dividing plate is provided with clamping device.Described No. two bearings are fixed by screws in base upper surface left part, and No. two bearings are provided with dividing plate, and described dividing plate upper surface is provided with hinge hole, and dividing plate is provided with clamping device.Described positioner is arranged on base.
Described clamping device comprises hydraulic cylinder, piston, pressing plate and pillar.Be provided with hinge hole bottom described hydraulic cylinder, and be hinged by pin and dividing plate, this kind of connected mode can ensure that clamping device operationally there will not be stuck phenomenon, power required when hydraulic cylinder provides clamping.Described piston tip is provided with pin-and-hole.Described pressing plate one end is provided with pin-and-hole, is provided with waist through hole, and is provided with pin-and-hole in the middle part of pressing plate in the middle part of it.Described pillar one end is provided with pin-and-hole, and described pressing plate one end is hinged by pin and piston, is hinged in the middle part of described pressing plate by pin and pillar one end.On described pillar welding diaphragm.
Described positioner comprises a trip bolt, clamping washer, straight pin, cylindrical rack, drive link, support plate, chamfered edge pin, capping, No. two trip bolts, handle, locating piece, No. two locating pieces and No. three locating pieces.Described drive link one end is provided with screwed hole, drive link front and rear is equipped with gear teeth, described drive link is arranged on base bottom, and through the through hole on base side and subplate surface, and described drive link left end limits its movement in axis by a trip bolt and clamping washer.Described cylindrical rack one end is provided with screwed hole, and described straight pin and chamfered edge pin are all arranged on cylindrical rack by screw thread, and straight pin is through a pin-and-hole, and chamfered edge pin is through No. two pin-and-holes.Described cylindrical rack is meshed with the gear teeth on drive link.Through hole is provided with in the middle part of described capping, and being arranged on the right side of base by screw, drive link is through the through hole of capping, and described handle is positioned on the right side of capping, and one end of drive link is connected in by No. two trip bolts, described support plate is fixed by screws in base upper surface.A described locating piece and No. two locating pieces are arranged on base upper surface rear portion by screw, and described No. three locating pieces are arranged on base upper surface right part by screw.Described drive link can make straight pin and chamfered edge pin be elevated in a pin-and-hole and No. two pin-and-holes respectively simultaneously.
The quantity of described support plate is four, and support plate is used for positioning surface of shell.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention has the machining accuracy that reasonable in design, clamping efficiency are high, stably can ensure workpiece, and can raise labour productivity, the advantage such as cost is lower, Quick-clamped can be realized, greatly improve clamping efficiency, save manpower, reduce the input of production cost, convenient and swift, improve the security of operative.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described.
Fig. 1 is main TV structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is plan structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is left TV structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the perspective view of base of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of clamping device of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of pressing plate of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the plan structure schematic diagram of pressing plate of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the B-B sectional view of Fig. 1.
Detailed description of the invention
The technological means realized to make the present invention, creation characteristic, reaching object and effect is easy to understand, below the present invention being set forth further.
As shown in Figures 1 to 8, a kind of housing milling clamper, comprises base 1, clamping device 2, positioner 3, bearing 4 and No. two bearings 5.Described base 1 left and right sides are equipped with through hole, described base 1 bottom surface is provided with three subplates 101, and be equipped with through hole in the middle part of subplate 101, be provided with a pin-and-hole 102 on the left of described base 1 upper surface middle part, on the right side of described base 1 upper surface middle part, be provided with No. two pin-and-holes 103.A described bearing 4 is fixed by screws in base 1 upper surface right part, and a bearing 4 is provided with dividing plate 6, and described dividing plate 6 upper surface is provided with hinge hole, and dividing plate 6 is provided with clamping device 2.Described No. two bearings 5 are fixed by screws in base 1 upper surface left part, and No. two bearings 5 are provided with dividing plate 6, and described dividing plate 6 upper surface is provided with hinge hole, and dividing plate 6 is provided with clamping device 2.Described positioner 3 is arranged on base 1.
Described clamping device 2 comprises hydraulic cylinder 201, piston 202, pressing plate 203 and pillar 204.Be provided with hinge hole bottom described hydraulic cylinder 201, and be hinged by pin and dividing plate 6, this kind of connected mode can ensure that clamping device 2 operationally there will not be stuck phenomenon, power required when hydraulic cylinder 201 provides clamping.Described piston 202 top is provided with pin-and-hole.Described pressing plate 203 one end is provided with pin-and-hole, is provided with waist through hole 203a, and is provided with pin-and-hole in the middle part of pressing plate 203 in the middle part of it.Described pillar 204 one end is provided with pin-and-hole, and described pressing plate 203 one end is hinged by pin and piston 202, is hinged in the middle part of described pressing plate 203 by pin and pillar 204 one end.On described pillar 204 welding diaphragm 6.
Described positioner 3 comprises a trip bolt 301, clamping washer 302, straight pin 303, cylindrical rack 304, drive link 305, support plate 306, chamfered edge pin 307, capping 308, No. two trip bolts 309, handle 3010, locating piece 3011, No. two locating pieces 3012 and No. three locating pieces 3013.Described drive link 305 one end is provided with screwed hole, drive link 305 front and rear is equipped with gear teeth 305a, described drive link 305 is arranged on bottom base 1, and through the through hole on base 1 side and subplate 101 surface, described drive link 305 left end limits its movement in axis by a trip bolt 301 and clamping washer 302.Described cylindrical rack 304 one end is provided with screwed hole, and described straight pin 303 and chamfered edge pin 307 are all arranged on cylindrical rack 304 by screw thread, and straight pin 303 is through a pin-and-hole 102, and chamfered edge pin 307 is through No. two pin-and-holes 103.Described cylindrical rack 304 is meshed with the gear teeth 305a on drive link 305.Through hole is provided with in the middle part of described capping 308, and be arranged on the right side of base 1 by screw, drive link 305 is through the through hole of capping 308, described handle 3010 is positioned on the right side of capping 308, and one end of drive link 305 is connected in by No. two trip bolts 309, described support plate 306 is fixed by screws in base 1 upper surface.A described locating piece 3011 and No. two locating pieces 3012 are arranged on base 1 upper surface rear portion by screw, and described No. three locating pieces 3013 are arranged on base 1 upper surface right part by screw.Described drive link 305 can make straight pin 303 and chamfered edge pin 307 be elevated in a pin-and-hole 102 and No. two pin-and-holes 103 respectively simultaneously.
The quantity of described support plate 306 is four, and support plate 306 is for positioning surface of shell.
During use, processing housing upper surface time with block bottom surface for benchmark, employing plane and two pits is located, first the reducer shell combined is placed on support plate 306, then by a locating piece 3011, the side of No. two locating pieces 3012 and No. three locating pieces 3013 pairs of housings positions, then swing handle 3010 drives drive link 305, drive link 305 drives cylindrical rack 304 to move upward, cylindrical rack 304 drives straight pin 303 and chamfered edge pin 307 to move upward, when straight pin 303 and chamfered edge pin 307 insert the hole of housing, stop operating handle 3010, complete the location to housing.Now, operation hydraulic cylinder 201 makes piston 202 move upward, and piston 202 is with dynamic pressure plate 203 one end to move upward, and under the effect of pillar 204, the other end of pressing plate 203 moves downward, thus makes pressing plate 203 clamping body, now completes the clamping to housing.
The present invention has the following advantages:
(1) change the mode of traditional manual clamping, improve actual clamping efficiency, the batched operation of clamping can be realized;
(2) reasonable in design, has saved cost, can realize Quick-clamped, reduce labour intensity, for operative provides conveniently;
(3) save manpower, only need one man operation, reduce the cost spent by clamping.
More than show and describe general principle of the present invention, principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; the just principle of the present invention described in above-described embodiment and description; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.Application claims protection domain is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (4)

1. a housing milling clamper, comprise base (1), clamping device (2), positioner (3), a bearing (4) and No. two bearings (5), it is characterized in that: described base (1) left and right sides are equipped with through hole, described base (1) bottom surface is provided with three subplates (101), and subplate (101) middle part is equipped with through hole, be provided with a pin-and-hole (102) on the left of described base (1) upper surface middle part, on the right side of described base (1) upper surface middle part, be provided with No. two pin-and-holes (103); A described bearing (4) is fixed by screws in base (1) upper surface right part, and a bearing (4) is provided with dividing plate (6), described dividing plate (6) upper surface is provided with hinge hole, and dividing plate (6) is provided with clamping device (2); Described No. two bearings (5) are fixed by screws in base (1) upper surface left part, and No. two bearings (5) are provided with dividing plate (6), described dividing plate (6) upper surface is provided with hinge hole, and dividing plate (6) is provided with clamping device (2); Described positioner (3) is arranged on base (1).
2. a kind of housing milling clamper according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described clamping device (2) comprises hydraulic cylinder (201), piston (202), pressing plate (203) and pillar (204), described hydraulic cylinder (201) bottom is provided with hinge hole, and be hinged by pin and dividing plate (6), described piston (202) top is provided with pin-and-hole, described pressing plate (203) one end is provided with pin-and-hole, waist through hole (203a) is provided with in the middle part of it, and pressing plate (203) middle part is provided with pin-and-hole, described pillar (204) one end is provided with pin-and-hole, described pressing plate (203) one end is hinged by pin and piston (202), described pressing plate (203) middle part is hinged by pin and pillar (204) one end, on described pillar (204) welding diaphragm (6).
3. a kind of housing milling clamper according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described positioner (3) comprises a trip bolt (301), clamping washer (302), straight pin (303), cylindrical rack (304), drive link (305), support plate (306), chamfered edge pin (307), capping (308), No. two trip bolts (309), handle (3010), a locating piece (3011), No. two locating pieces (3012) and No. three locating pieces (3013), described drive link (305) one end is provided with screwed hole, drive link (305) front and rear is equipped with gear teeth (305a), described drive link (305) is arranged on base (1) bottom, and pass the through hole on base (1) side and subplate (101) surface, described drive link (305) left end limits its movement in axis by a trip bolt (301) and clamping washer (302), described cylindrical rack (304) one end is provided with screwed hole, described straight pin (303) and chamfered edge pin (307) are all arranged on cylindrical rack (304) by screw thread, and straight pin (303) is through a pin-and-hole (102), chamfered edge pin (307) is through No. two pin-and-holes (103), described cylindrical rack (304) is meshed with the gear teeth (305a) on drive link (305), described capping (308) middle part is provided with through hole, and be arranged on base (1) right side by screw, drive link (305) is through the through hole of capping (308), described handle (3010) is positioned at capping (308) right side, and one end of drive link (305) is connected in by No. two trip bolts (309), described support plate (306) is fixed by screws in base (1) upper surface, a described locating piece (3011) and No. two locating pieces (3012) are arranged on base (1) upper surface rear portion by screw, described No. three locating pieces (3013) are arranged on base (1) upper surface right part by screw.
4. a kind of housing milling clamper according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the quantity of described support plate (306) is four.
CN201410557382.8A 2014-10-20 2014-10-20 Shell milling fixture CN104325325A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410557382.8A CN104325325A (en) 2014-10-20 2014-10-20 Shell milling fixture

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410557382.8A CN104325325A (en) 2014-10-20 2014-10-20 Shell milling fixture

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104325325A true CN104325325A (en) 2015-02-04

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104759919A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-07-08 如皋市非标轴承有限公司 Shaft head milling device and machining process thereof
CN106078282A (en) * 2016-07-13 2016-11-09 鹰普(中国)有限公司 A kind of hydraulic automatic gripping device
CN106271718A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-01-04 璧垫旦 A kind of Digit Control Machine Tool automated high-precision positioning clamping device
CN108526957A (en) * 2018-03-29 2018-09-14 林鑫 A kind of disk-like accessory drill
CN108526956A (en) * 2018-03-29 2018-09-14 林鑫 A kind of boring changer of disk-like accessory
CN108972088A (en) * 2018-09-27 2018-12-11 马鞍山常裕机械设备有限公司 A kind of thin-walled motor shell milling fixture convenient for mounting and clamping

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102303256A (en) * 2011-08-24 2012-01-04 重庆川东减震制造有限公司 Clamp for drilling and milling bottom cylinder of shock absorber
CN202224974U (en) * 2011-08-24 2012-05-23 重庆川东减震制造有限公司 Drilling-milling fixture for bottom barrel of shock absorber
US20120144968A1 (en) * 2010-12-09 2012-06-14 Cascade Dafo, Inc Clamping tool for use in manufacturing foot orthosis support devices
CN202278397U (en) * 2011-09-29 2012-06-20 合肥常青机械股份有限公司 Milling clamp for bottom pin of shock absorber
CN203141151U (en) * 2013-03-15 2013-08-21 重庆市永川区望城机械厂 Milling clamp
CN203738457U (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-07-30 杭州钰友精密机械有限公司 Clamp for machining end face of cylinder cover
CN203853833U (en) * 2014-04-13 2014-10-01 华北电力大学(保定) Novel drill jig for drilling valve body

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20120144968A1 (en) * 2010-12-09 2012-06-14 Cascade Dafo, Inc Clamping tool for use in manufacturing foot orthosis support devices
CN102303256A (en) * 2011-08-24 2012-01-04 重庆川东减震制造有限公司 Clamp for drilling and milling bottom cylinder of shock absorber
CN202224974U (en) * 2011-08-24 2012-05-23 重庆川东减震制造有限公司 Drilling-milling fixture for bottom barrel of shock absorber
CN202278397U (en) * 2011-09-29 2012-06-20 合肥常青机械股份有限公司 Milling clamp for bottom pin of shock absorber
CN203141151U (en) * 2013-03-15 2013-08-21 重庆市永川区望城机械厂 Milling clamp
CN203738457U (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-07-30 杭州钰友精密机械有限公司 Clamp for machining end face of cylinder cover
CN203853833U (en) * 2014-04-13 2014-10-01 华北电力大学(保定) Novel drill jig for drilling valve body

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104759919A (en) * 2015-04-22 2015-07-08 如皋市非标轴承有限公司 Shaft head milling device and machining process thereof
CN106078282A (en) * 2016-07-13 2016-11-09 鹰普(中国)有限公司 A kind of hydraulic automatic gripping device
CN106271718A (en) * 2016-08-29 2017-01-04 璧垫旦 A kind of Digit Control Machine Tool automated high-precision positioning clamping device
CN108526957A (en) * 2018-03-29 2018-09-14 林鑫 A kind of disk-like accessory drill
CN108526956A (en) * 2018-03-29 2018-09-14 林鑫 A kind of boring changer of disk-like accessory
CN108972088A (en) * 2018-09-27 2018-12-11 马鞍山常裕机械设备有限公司 A kind of thin-walled motor shell milling fixture convenient for mounting and clamping

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Application publication date: 20150204