CN104322233B - The cultivation method of cumquat - Google Patents

The cultivation method of cumquat Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104322233B
CN104322233B CN201310623547.2A CN201310623547A CN104322233B CN 104322233 B CN104322233 B CN 104322233B CN 201310623547 A CN201310623547 A CN 201310623547A CN 104322233 B CN104322233 B CN 104322233B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
seed
strain
root
nursery
kilogram
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310623547.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104322233A (en
Inventor
黎观祥
Original Assignee
黎观祥
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 黎观祥 filed Critical 黎观祥
Priority to CN201310623547.2A priority Critical patent/CN104322233B/en
Publication of CN104322233A publication Critical patent/CN104322233A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104322233B publication Critical patent/CN104322233B/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of cultivation method of cumquat, comprise the pretreatment of cumquat seed, the process on nursery stock ground, sowing, nursery stock management, transplanting, cultivation management.Adopt the present invention to cultivate cumquat, the germination rate of cumquat seed reaches more than 80%, and the plant percent after transplanting reaches more than 85%.

Description

The cultivation method of cumquat
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fruit growing method, particularly relate to a kind of cultivation method of cumquat.
Background technology
Cumquat is the distinctive fruit of south China, the tender and crisp delicate fragrance of its pericarp, and pulp is fresh and sweet, and juice is many, and Vitamin C content is high, the auxiliary effect of have pleasant, cough-relieving after edible, reducing phlegm; Cumquat is also a kind of famous fruit effect plant in addition, and particularly in Guangdong and Hongkong, a lot of citizen buy in the Spring Festival for figure is lucky, very popular.
At present, cumquat also exists in the course of cultivation because cumquat percentage of seedgermination rate is low, the rear survival rate of transplanting is not high and cause the problem that the cultivation cost of cumquat is high.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of cultivation method of cumquat, this method solve cumquat percentage of seedgermination rate low, transplant after survival rate not high and cause the problem that the cultivation cost of cumquat is high.
The technical scheme of technical solution problem of the present invention is:
A cultivation method for cumquat, comprises the following steps:
The pretreatment of A, seed: in the cumquat mature period, its Fruit returned, wash by rubbing with the hands, remove pericarp, pulp and not full seed, leave plentiful seed, be then placed on ventilation and dry; Seed after drying is put into 0.5% liquor potassic permanganate immersion 1 hour ~ 2 hours, then seed is taken out the water putting into 35 DEG C ~ 45 DEG C again to soak 12 hours ~ 24 hours, last again seed is taken out be placed on 30 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C germinating cabinet in carry out vernalization, sow until seed has can to take out when showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally;
The process of B, nursery lot: select the leeward mountain valley to the moon place or hilly ground as nursery lot, then reclaim to nursery lot, the degree of depth of reclaiming is 30cm ~ 40cm; Then the nursery lot through reclaiming is made the furrow that specification is wide 80cm ~ 120cm × high 15cm ~ 20cm; Wherein, in the processing procedure of nursery lot, farmyard manure 750 kgs/acre ~ 1000 kgs/acre and 30 kgs/acre ~ 35 kgs/acre, fused calcium magnesium phosphate is applied as base manure;
C, sowing: sowed on the furrow face handled well in step B by 8 kgs/acre ~ 10 kgs/acre by seed, then cover the ash that thickness is 1cm ~ 3cm, the length that finally layer overlay obtains after segment above is again the straw of 10cm ~ 15cm;
D, nursery stock management: often will water between nursery stage, loosen the soil, weeding, keep ground moistening, loose, without weeds; When seedling grows to 30cm ~ 45cm, remove its heart bud;
E, transplanting: select that stem is thick, root system development perfects, without damage by disease and insect, plant height be the nursery stock of 40cm ~ 50cm in the dusk at cloudy day or spot time transplant, during earthing to 70% ~ 80%, nursery stock is upwards mentioned gently after under nursery stock kind, earthing is to nursery stock collar again, drench sufficient normal root water, then cover at nursery stock root grass; Wherein, cut off 1/3rd of its main root during nursery stock lifting, its root yellow mud wraps up;
F, cultivation management:
A) every 4 days ~ 5 days in one month after transplanting, trickle once, keeps ground moistening not lump;
B) weed with a hoe around its tree root every year, keep tree root surrounding soil loose without weeds;
C) treelet survives the first month starting to grow young leaves and starts, around its root, apply biological organic fertilizer, and in later 1 year, the amount of application of the biological organic fertilizer of every month increases progressively 1 kilogram on the basis of 5 kilograms/strain ~ 8 kilogram/strain; From Second Year, apply farmyard manure 30 kilograms/strain ~ 40 kilogram/strain, 0.5 kilogram, urea/strain ~ 0.6 kilogram/strain and 0.3 kilogram, fused calcium magnesium phosphate/strain ~ 0.5 kilogram/strain every year.
Owing to adopting technique scheme, the beneficial effect that the present invention obtains is:
Adopt cultivation method of the present invention, the germination rate of cumquat seed reaches more than 80%, and the plant percent after transplanting reaches more than 85%, and can be able to start after 2 years to yield positive results in transplanting.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the invention will be further described:
Embodiment 1
The cultivation method of cumquat comprises the following steps:
The pretreatment of A, seed: in the cumquat mature period, its Fruit returned, wash by rubbing with the hands, remove pericarp, pulp and not full seed, leave plentiful seed, be then placed on ventilation and dry; Seed after drying is put into 0.5% liquor potassic permanganate immersion 1 hour, then seed is taken out the water putting into 35 DEG C again to soak 24 hours, last again seed is taken out be placed on 30 DEG C germinating cabinet in carry out vernalization, sow until seed has can to take out when showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally;
The process of B, nursery lot: select the leeward mountain valley to the moon place or hilly ground as nursery lot, then reclaim to nursery lot, the degree of depth of reclaiming is 30cm; Then the nursery lot through reclaiming is made the furrow that specification is wide 80cm × high 15cm; Wherein, in the processing procedure of nursery lot, farmyard manure 750 kgs/acre and 35 kgs/acre, fused calcium magnesium phosphate is applied as base manure;
C, sowing: seed is sowed on the furrow face handled well in step B by 8 kgs/acre, then cover thickness be 1cm ~ ash, the length that finally layer overlay obtains after segment above is again the straw of 10cm;
D, nursery stock management: often will water between nursery stage, loosen the soil, weeding, keep ground moistening, loose, without weeds; When seedling grows to 30cm, remove its heart bud;
E, transplanting: select that stem is thick, root system development perfects, without damage by disease and insect, plant height be the nursery stock of 40cm in the dusk at cloudy day or spot time transplant, during earthing to 70%, nursery stock is upwards mentioned gently after under nursery stock kind, earthing is to nursery stock collar again, drench sufficient normal root water, then cover at nursery stock root grass; Wherein, cut off 1/3rd of its main root during nursery stock lifting, its root yellow mud wraps up;
F, cultivation management:
A) every 4 days in one month after transplanting, trickle once, keeps ground moistening not lump;
B) weed with a hoe around its tree root every year, keep tree root surrounding soil loose without weeds;
C) treelet survives the first month starting to grow young leaves and starts, and around its root, apply biological organic fertilizer, in later 1 year, the amount of application of the biological organic fertilizer of every month increases progressively 1 kilogram on the basis of 5 kilograms/strain; From Second Year, apply farmyard manure 30 kilograms/strain, urea 0.5 kilogram/strain and fused calcium magnesium phosphate 0.3 kilogram/strain every year.
In the present embodiment, the germination rate of cumquat seed reaches 81.5%, and the plant percent after transplanting reaches 86%, transplants and starts to yield positive results after 2 years.
Embodiment 2
The cultivation method of cumquat comprises the following steps:
The pretreatment of A, seed: in the cumquat mature period, its Fruit returned, wash by rubbing with the hands, remove pericarp, pulp and not full seed, leave plentiful seed, be then placed on ventilation and dry; Seed after drying is put into 0.5% liquor potassic permanganate immersion 1.5 hours, then seed is taken out the water putting into 40 DEG C again to soak 18 hours, last again seed is taken out be placed on 33 DEG C germinating cabinet in carry out vernalization, sow until seed has can to take out when showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally;
The process of B, nursery lot: select the leeward mountain valley to the moon place or hilly ground as nursery lot, then reclaim to nursery lot, the degree of depth of reclaiming is 35cm; Then the nursery lot through reclaiming is made the furrow that specification is wide 100cm × high 18cm; Wherein, in the processing procedure of nursery lot, farmyard manure 850 kgs/acre and 32 kgs/acre, fused calcium magnesium phosphate is applied as base manure;
C, sowing: sowed on the furrow face handled well in step B by 9 kgs/acre by seed, then cover the ash that thickness is 2cm, the length that finally layer overlay obtains after segment above is again the straw of 12cm;
D, nursery stock management: often will water between nursery stage, loosen the soil, weeding, keep ground moistening, loose, without weeds; When seedling grows to 40cm, remove its heart bud;
E, transplanting: select that stem is thick, root system development perfects, without damage by disease and insect, plant height be the nursery stock of 45cm in the dusk at cloudy day or spot time transplant, during earthing to 75%, nursery stock is upwards mentioned gently after under nursery stock kind, earthing is to nursery stock collar again, drench sufficient normal root water, then cover at nursery stock root grass; Wherein, cut off 1/3rd of its main root during nursery stock lifting, its root yellow mud wraps up;
F, cultivation management:
A) every 5 days in one month after transplanting, trickle once, keeps ground moistening not lump;
B) weed with a hoe around its tree root every year, keep tree root surrounding soil loose without weeds;
C) treelet survives the first month starting to grow young leaves and starts, and around its root, apply biological organic fertilizer, in later 1 year, the amount of application of the biological organic fertilizer of every month increases progressively 1 kilogram on the basis of 6 kilograms/strain; From Second Year, apply farmyard manure 35 kilograms/strain, urea 0.6 kilogram/strain and fused calcium magnesium phosphate 0.4 kilogram/strain every year.
In the present embodiment, the germination rate of cumquat seed reaches 82%, and the plant percent after transplanting reaches 85%, transplants and starts to yield positive results after 2 years.
Embodiment 3
The cultivation method of cumquat comprises the following steps:
The pretreatment of A, seed: in the cumquat mature period, its Fruit returned, wash by rubbing with the hands, remove pericarp, pulp and not full seed, leave plentiful seed, be then placed on ventilation and dry; Seed after drying is put into 0.5% liquor potassic permanganate immersion 2 hours, then seed is taken out the water putting into 45 DEG C again to soak 12 hours, last again seed is taken out be placed on 35 DEG C germinating cabinet in carry out vernalization, sow until seed has can to take out when showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally;
The process of B, nursery lot: select the leeward mountain valley to the moon place or hilly ground as nursery lot, then reclaim to nursery lot, the degree of depth of reclaiming is 40cm; Then the nursery lot through reclaiming is made the furrow that specification is wide 120cm × high 20cm; Wherein, in the processing procedure of nursery lot, farmyard manure 1000 kgs/acre and 35 kgs/acre, fused calcium magnesium phosphate is applied as base manure;
C, sowing: sowed on the furrow face handled well in step B by 10 kgs/acre by seed, then cover the ash that thickness is 3cm, the length that finally layer overlay obtains after segment above is again the straw of 15cm;
D, nursery stock management: often will water between nursery stage, loosen the soil, weeding, keep ground moistening, loose, without weeds; When seedling grows to 45cm, remove its heart bud;
E, transplanting: select that stem is thick, root system development perfects, without damage by disease and insect, plant height be the nursery stock of 50cm in the dusk at cloudy day or spot time transplant, during earthing to 80%, nursery stock is upwards mentioned gently after under nursery stock kind, earthing is to nursery stock collar again, drench sufficient normal root water, then cover at nursery stock root grass; Wherein, cut off 1/3rd of its main root during nursery stock lifting, its root yellow mud wraps up;
F, cultivation management:
A) every 4 days in one month after transplanting, trickle once, keeps ground moistening not lump;
B) weed with a hoe around its tree root every year, keep tree root surrounding soil loose without weeds;
C) treelet survives the first month starting to grow young leaves and starts, and around its root, apply biological organic fertilizer, in later 1 year, the amount of application of the biological organic fertilizer of every month increases progressively 1 kilogram on the basis of 8 kilograms/strain; From Second Year, apply farmyard manure 40 kilograms/strain, urea 0.6 kilogram/strain and fused calcium magnesium phosphate 0.5 kilogram/strain every year.
In the present embodiment, the germination rate of cumquat seed reaches more than 88%, and the plant percent after transplanting reaches more than 86%, transplants and starts to yield positive results after 2 years.

Claims (1)

1. a cultivation method for cumquat, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
The pretreatment of A, seed: in the cumquat mature period, its Fruit returned, wash by rubbing with the hands, remove pericarp, pulp and not full seed, leave plentiful seed, be then placed on ventilation and dry; Seed after drying is put into 0.5% liquor potassic permanganate immersion 1 hour ~ 2 hours, then seed is taken out the water putting into 35 DEG C ~ 45 DEG C again to soak 12 hours ~ 24 hours, last again seed is taken out be placed on 30 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C germinating cabinet in carry out vernalization, sow until seed has can to take out when showing money or valuables one carries unintentionally;
The process of B, nursery lot: select the leeward hilly ground to the moon place as nursery lot, then reclaim to nursery lot, the degree of depth of reclaiming is 30cm ~ 40cm; Then the nursery lot through reclaiming is made the furrow that specification is wide 80cm ~ 120cm × high 15cm ~ 20cm; Wherein, in the processing procedure of nursery lot, farmyard manure 750 kgs/acre ~ 1000 kgs/acre and 30 kgs/acre ~ 35 kgs/acre, fused calcium magnesium phosphate is applied as base manure;
C, sowing: sowed on the furrow face handled well in step B by 8 kgs/acre ~ 10 kgs/acre by seed, then cover the ash that thickness is 1cm ~ 3cm, the length that finally layer overlay obtains after segment above is again the straw of 10cm ~ 15cm;
D, nursery stock management: often will water between nursery stage, loosen the soil, weeding, keep ground moistening, loose, without weeds; When seedling grows to 30cm ~ 45cm, pinching is carried out to it;
E, transplanting: select that stem is thick, root system development perfects, without damage by disease and insect, plant height be the nursery stock of 40cm ~ 50cm in the dusk at cloudy day or spot time transplant, during earthing to 70% ~ 80%, nursery stock is upwards mentioned gently after under nursery stock kind, earthing is to nursery stock collar again, drench sufficient normal root water, then cover at nursery stock root grass; Wherein, cut off 1/3rd of its main root during nursery stock lifting, its root yellow mud wraps up;
F, cultivation management:
A) every 4 days ~ 5 days in one month after transplanting, trickle once, keeps ground moistening not lump;
B) weed with a hoe around its tree root every year, keep tree root surrounding soil loose without weeds;
C) treelet survives the first month starting to grow young leaves and starts, around its root, apply biological organic fertilizer, and in later 1 year, the amount of application of the biological organic fertilizer of every month increases progressively 1 kilogram on the basis of 5 kilograms/strain ~ 8 kilogram/strain; From Second Year, apply farmyard manure 30 kilograms/strain ~ 40 kilogram/strain, 0.5 kilogram, urea/strain ~ 0.6 kilogram/strain and 0.3 kilogram, fused calcium magnesium phosphate/strain ~ 0.5 kilogram/strain every year.
CN201310623547.2A 2013-11-30 2013-11-30 The cultivation method of cumquat CN104322233B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310623547.2A CN104322233B (en) 2013-11-30 2013-11-30 The cultivation method of cumquat

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310623547.2A CN104322233B (en) 2013-11-30 2013-11-30 The cultivation method of cumquat

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104322233A CN104322233A (en) 2015-02-04
CN104322233B true CN104322233B (en) 2016-03-30

Family

ID=52397162

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310623547.2A CN104322233B (en) 2013-11-30 2013-11-30 The cultivation method of cumquat

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104322233B (en)

Families Citing this family (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104782433A (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-07-22 崔涵宇 Cumquat planting method
CN104982244A (en) * 2015-07-10 2015-10-21 吴伦忠 Current-year molding method of newly planted kumquats
CN105075583A (en) * 2015-07-25 2015-11-25 安徽博发文化生态园有限公司 Planting method of selenium-rich kumquats
CN106386339A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 郑华庭 Cultivation method of ornamental kumquats
CN106342643A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-25 郑华庭 Cultivation method used for kumquats in northern regions
CN106386340A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 郑华庭 Cultivation method of kumquats
CN106258762A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-04 郑华庭 The implantation methods of potted plant Fructus Fortunellae Margaritae
CN106358952A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-01 郑华庭 Greenhouse cumquat culture method
CN106106009A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-11-16 吴齐仟 Fructus Fortunellae Margaritae epidemic prevention and control method
CN106489628A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-03-15 张灿芳 A kind of roof planting kumquat technology
CN106561396A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-04-19 韦声荣 Root-set cultivation method for smooth-peel kumquats
CN106358966A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-02-01 韦声荣 Method for soil loosening and yield increase of smooth skin kumquat
CN106613697A (en) * 2016-12-28 2017-05-10 广州聚禅现代农业研究院有限公司 High-yield and high-quality selenium-enriched sugar orange planting method
CN107494129A (en) * 2017-08-30 2017-12-22 荔浦鸿博朝阳养殖场 A kind of implantation methods of Citrus shatangju
CN107494128A (en) * 2017-08-30 2017-12-22 荔浦鸿博朝阳养殖场 A kind of implantation methods of selenium-rich Citrus shatangju
CN107896781A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-04-13 荔浦县万家兴果蔬专业合作社 A kind of breeding method of cumquat seedling
CN108476844A (en) * 2018-03-06 2018-09-04 桐梓县小水芦柑专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of kumquat

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101228839B (en) * 2007-01-24 2010-11-10 韦成兴 Cultivation method of improving shine skin kumquat quality
CN101810118A (en) * 2009-02-21 2010-08-25 李国民 Potted fruit tree rental
CN103109714A (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-05-22 张忠发 Honey cumquats and cultivation method thereof

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104322233A (en) 2015-02-04

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103070001B (en) Method for safely planting okra at high yield and high quality
CN102960172B (en) Short-spike and root-grafting rapid propagation method for camellia azalea
CN102428805B (en) High-yield cultivation method of peanut
CN103283450B (en) Golden camellia bud seedling stock grafting propagation method
CN102763550B (en) High-yield summer corn cultivation method
CN104380994B (en) The mass-producing high yield cultivating method of a kind of bletilla striata
CN102246645B (en) High-yield culture technology for southern potatoes planted in autumn
CN103798019A (en) Method for growing watermelons
CN105724012B (en) A kind of rice field-upland field rotation method of the no-tillage multiple cropping late rice of spring maize
CN104584841A (en) High-yield planting method for hot pepper
CN102498892B (en) Seed-reserving method for plant maca
CN102487686B (en) Large-scale seedling-culturing method utilizing cassia sophera seeds and nutrient solution thereof
CN105359784A (en) Method for high-yield planting of sweet potatoes
CN103155783B (en) Method of cultivating early-maturing common head cabbage strong seedlings
CN101637092B (en) Method for culturing large eucalyptus seedlings
CN102084774B (en) Method for raising seedling of oil palm seed
CN103650875A (en) Bitter gourd cultivation technology
CN106034598B (en) A kind of marigold and konjaku method for interplanting cultivation
CN103918530A (en) High-yield cowpea planting method
CN105052655A (en) Camellia oleifera Abel planting method
CN104041303B (en) The implantation methods of high-yield corn
CN104206150B (en) A kind of method that improves cabbage sterile lines seed making output
CN102498843B (en) Sweet potato cultivation method in hills and mountains
CN105432291A (en) High-yield plantation method for purple sweet potatoes
CN102986420B (en) Cultivating method of eucommia ulmoides

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20161229

Address after: Luoyang Maonan Autonomous County of Huanjiang the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region 547106 Hechi City Zhen Yong Quan Cun

Patentee after: Huashan Maonan Autonomous County of Huanjiang Forest Farm

Address before: Liuzhou City, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Luzhai County Road 545600 Building No. 17, Lu Zhai Zhen

Patentee before: Li Guanxiang

Effective date of registration: 20161229

Address after: Luoyang Maonan Autonomous County of Huanjiang the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region 547106 Hechi City Zhen Yong Quan Cun

Patentee after: Huashan Maonan Autonomous County of Huanjiang Forest Farm

Address before: Liuzhou City, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Luzhai County Road 545600 Building No. 17, Lu Zhai Zhen

Patentee before: Li Guanxiang

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160330

Termination date: 20181130

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee