CN104314761A - Blade-foldable wind-power generator - Google Patents

Blade-foldable wind-power generator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104314761A
CN104314761A CN 201410422397 CN201410422397A CN104314761A CN 104314761 A CN104314761 A CN 104314761A CN 201410422397 CN201410422397 CN 201410422397 CN 201410422397 A CN201410422397 A CN 201410422397A CN 104314761 A CN104314761 A CN 104314761A
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CN
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Prior art keywords
blade
blades
wind
movable
fixed
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CN 201410422397
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104314761B (en )
Inventor
丁健威
谢晓山
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丁健威
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING WEIGHT AND MISCELLANEOUS MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER; OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D1/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • F03D1/06Rotors
    • F03D1/065Rotors characterised by their construction, i.e. structural design details
    • F03D1/0658Fixing wind-engaging parts to rotor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING WEIGHT AND MISCELLANEOUS MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER; OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D1/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • F03D1/06Rotors
    • F03D1/065Rotors characterised by their construction, i.e. structural design details
    • F03D1/0675Rotors characterised by their construction, i.e. structural design details of the blades
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING WEIGHT AND MISCELLANEOUS MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER; OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D7/00Controlling wind motors
    • F03D7/02Controlling wind motors the wind motors having rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor
    • F03D7/022Adjusting aerodynamic properties of the blades
    • F03D7/0224Adjusting blade pitch
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING WEIGHT AND MISCELLANEOUS MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER; OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D7/00Controlling wind motors
    • F03D7/02Controlling wind motors the wind motors having rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor
    • F03D7/0264Controlling wind motors the wind motors having rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor for stopping or in emergency situation
    • F03D7/0268Parking or storm protection
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • Y02E10/721Blades or rotors

Abstract

The invention discloses a blade-foldable wind-power generator. The blade-foldable wind-power generator comprises an upright post, a wind-power generator main part, a horizontal rotating shaft, a brake and a clutch, wherein blades comprise fixed blades and movable blades; the blades are fixedly connected with blade bases; a fixed blade base is mounted on the horizontal rotating shaft in a sleeving manner; a bayonet is formed in a movable blade base; the movable blade base is mounted on the fixed blade base through the bayonet in a sleeving manner, so that the movable blades and the fixed blades are in the same plane and relatively unfolded at 180 degrees; a screw is arranged at the front end of the horizontal rotating shaft; a transmission nut is arranged in a central hole of the end surface of the movable blade base; the screw is in transmission fit with the transmission nut; a control motor is arranged at the front end of the movable blade base; a gear is coaxially and fixedly connected to the transmission nut; the gear is engaged with an output gear of the control motor. Through forward and reverse rotation of the control motor, the movable blade base can be driven to exit from the screw or being mounted into the fixed blade base in a sleeving manner, so that the blade-foldable wind-power generator is good in folding effect, high in wind resistance and simple in installation and maintenance, and is applicable to coastal areas and marine areas with strong wind as well as fishing vessels.

Description

—种叶片收叠式风能机 - kind of wind machine blades collapsing formula

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及风能利用装置,特别是一种叶片可以收叠的水平轴塔式风能机。 [0001] The present invention relates to the use of wind energy apparatus, in particular a blade may collapsing tower horizontal axis wind machines.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前传统的水平轴塔式叶片风能机,是由叶片,风塔,主机组成,其结构是由风塔支撑主机,叶片置于主机前方。 [0002] The current conventional horizontal axis wind tower blade machine, by the blade, wind towers, the host, whose structure is supported by the main wind tower, the blades positioned in front of the host. 这种结构布局针对陆地上的环境条件设计,如遇上超强风力,风能机一般是以锁轴停机方式避免强气流损坏设备来保证安全。 This structural layout for the design of environmental conditions on land, such as super encounter wind, wind machine shaft lock stop mode is generally avoid strong gas flow to ensure the safety equipment damage. 也有的设计采用两段式组合叶片,如中国专利:201210526207.3“用于大型风力发电机的两段式倾斜折叠叶片装置”,其叶片包括主叶片和折叠叶片,在遇到大风及风灾时,可进入安全保护的完全折叠位置。 And some combination of two-stage design of the blade, such as Chinese patent: 201210526207.3 "two-stage used for large wind turbine blade is inclined folding device", which blade comprises a main blade and the folding blade, in the face of strong winds and storms, may be enter the security fully folded position. 但由于其叶片依然处于打开、迎风状态,即使叶片受风面减少,但设备仍存在被强气流损坏的风险。 But because of its blade it remains open, the wind status, even if the blade surface to reduce the wind, but there is still the risk of the device being damaged strong air.

[0003] 另一方面,传统的水平轴塔式叶片风能机不适于安装在船上使用,特别是中小吨位的船舶。 [0003] On the other hand, the conventional horizontal axis wind tower vane machine suitable for installation on board, in particular small and medium tonnage of the ship. 风能机在船上使用与陆地上的情况会很不同,由于船是浮在水中,船身无法固定,遇强风时,如用锁轴停机的措施,尽管风叶被锁定,但仍处于迎风受力的状态,会造成船身的更不稳定,所以尽管海上风能充足,也难见有此类风能机装备渔船。 Wind machine will be very different from those on land on the ship, because the ship was floating in the water, the boat can not be fixed, the case of strong winds, measures such as the use of the locking shaft down, even though the blades are locked, but the wind is still in force the state will cause more instability in the hull, so even though plenty of offshore wind energy, there are also rare to see such a wind machine is equipped fishing boats. 而传统的帆船用风帆捕获风能,遇上强风是用收帆方式保证安全的。 The traditional sailboat with sails to capture the wind, encountered strong winds is way to ensure the safety of the reef.

[0004] 因此,现有技术还有待于改进和发展。 [0004] Thus, the prior art has yet to be improved and developed.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的目的在于提供一种叶片收叠式风能机,以解决现有技术中规避强风能力弱,易被强风损坏,叶片折叠复杂、麻烦,折叠避风效果不理想,环境适应性差等的技术问题。 [0005] The object of the present invention is to provide a blade receiving wind power machine stack, in order to solve the prior art avoid weak strong wind, strong wind easily damaged blade folding complex, cumbersome, not ideal folding shelter, poor environmental adaptability technical problems.

[0006] 本发明的目的是通过如下技术方案实现的: [0006] The object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:

[0007] —种叶片收叠式风能机,包括有立柱,风能主机,至少一对叶片,水平转轴及制动器、离合器,其特征在于:所述的一对叶片分为固定叶片和活动叶片,固定叶片与固定叶片座固连,固定叶片座套装于水平转轴上,活动叶片与活动叶片座固连,活动叶片座上设有卡口,活动叶片座通过卡口再套装于固定叶片座上,使活动叶片与固定叶片处于同一平面并以180°相对展开;水平转轴的前端设有丝杆,活动叶片座端面中心孔内设有传动螺母,丝杆与传动螺母形成传动配合;活动叶片座前端还设有控制电机,传动螺母上同轴心固连有齿轮,齿轮与控制电机的输出齿轮啮合,通过控制电机的正反转,可驱动活动叶片座沿丝杆退出或套装进固定叶片座。 [0007] - collapsing LEAF type wind machine, comprising uprights, wind host, at least one blade, the horizontal shaft and a brake, a clutch, wherein: said pair of blades and fixed blades into moving blades, stationary blades and the fixed blade holder is fixedly connected to the fixed blade holder set on a horizontal shaft, the movable blade holder movable vane is fixedly connected to the movable vane provided with a bayonet base, the movable blade holder by a bayonet base re-set to the fixed blade, so that moving blades and the fixed blades in the same plane and at 180 ° relative to expand; distal end provided with a horizontal screw shaft, moving blades with the central bore of the seat driving nut end surface, the drive screw and drive nut formed complex; distal housing further moving blades motor control is provided, coaxially on the driving nut is fixedly connected with a gear engaged with the output gear and control the motor by controlling the motor reversing, driving the movable blade holder can be set into an exit or along a stationary blade holder screw.

[0008] 进一步地,为使剩余风能得到二次利用,提高风能利用效率,所述的叶片共两对,其叶片迎角按同一迎风方向以角度正负对称安装,且通过同轴反转串联连接。 [0008] Further, to obtain the remaining secondary use of wind energy, improve the efficiency of utilization of wind energy, the blades were two pairs, according to the same angle of attack of its blades windward mounting direction at an angle symmetrical positive and negative, and connected in series through coaxial inversion connection.

[0009] 为降低重心,增大稳定性,也便于安装维修,所述风能主机装于立柱下部,立柱内设有竖轴,竖轴下端与风能主机动力连接,竖轴上端则通过锥齿轮、伞齿轮与水平的花键轴、离合器、制动器及水平转轴动力连接。 [0009] The lower center of gravity, increases stability, but also ease of installation and maintenance, said wind power installed in the lower main pillar, column equipped with a vertical axis, and the lower end of the vertical axis wind power connected to the host, the vertical axis through the end bevel gear, with the horizontal bevel gear splined shaft, clutches, brakes and the level of the drive coupling shaft.

[0010] 为便于选择跟踪风向,所述立柱底部安装转盘,转盘可带动立柱作水平360°旋转。 [0010] chosen to facilitate the tracking direction, the upright bottom mounting turntable, the turntable can be driven horizontally rotated 360 ° column.

[0011] 具体地,所述立柱顶部固装横向管梁,整体呈T字形,管梁内分左右两侧各对称安装有一水平转轴和一花键轴,花键轴的一端固装伞齿轮,另一端配装有键销离合器,制动器外端面有键销孔可与键销离合器配合,制动器固装于水平转轴的后端。 [0011] Specifically, the column top tube fixedly mounted transverse beams, the overall T-shaped, left and right sides of the beam tube is attached to a respective horizontal shaft symmetrically and a spline shaft, one end of the spline shaft bevel gear fixedly mounted, the other end of the clutch pin key fitted, the outer end surface of the brake pin holes may be fitted with a key of the key pin clutches, brakes fixedly mounted to the rear end of the horizontal shaft.

[0012] 所述固定叶片与固定叶片座法兰连接、活动叶片与活动叶片座也是法兰连接,活动叶片座上对应自身法兰颈的另一侧开有卡口,该卡口可滑动配合套装进入或退出固定叶片座的法兰颈,卡口边缘有加强筋;收叠叶片时,控制电机驱动齿轮、传动螺母,带动活动叶片座沿丝杆退出固定叶片座,当活动叶片座上的卡口完全退出固定叶片座的法兰颈后,可将固定叶片和活动叶片两个叶片收叠为0°,垂直地心锁定。 [0012] The fixed blade and the fixed blade holder flange, the movable blade holder movable leaf is connected to the flange, the other side of the moving blades corresponding to the base flange itself bayonet neck opening, which slidably fit bayonet set into or out of the stationary blade holder neck flange, bayonet edge reinforcing rib; when collapsing blade, controls the motor drive gear driving nut, holder moving blades driven exit stationary blade holder along the screw, when the movable blade seat completely out of the stationary blade bayonet holder neck flanges may be fixed blades and moving blades collapsing two blades is 0 °, the vertical center of the earth lock.

[0013] 所述立柱截面呈流线翼形体。 [0013] The column flow cross section of the wing-shaped body.

[0014] 本发明具有以下优点:1、具有叶片收叠、收折功能,叶片收叠后可与立柱处于同一直线上,受风面大大减少。 [0014] The present invention has the following advantages: 1, having a blade collapsing, folding function, after collapsing the blade may be on the same line and column, the wind receiving surface is greatly reduced. 在实际应用中能规避强风,适合在船泊,包括渔船上使用,拓宽了风能机应用领域。 In practical applications, it can avoid strong winds, suitable for boating, including the use of fishing vessels, widens the field of application of wind energy machines. 2、可选择性的利用风能,能在多强风的海上、海岸使用。 2, optional use of wind energy, can be used in more than strong winds at sea, coast. 这体现在,通常风力的条件下,可用前后两组叶片共同工作,但遇到强风天气时,可选择用其中一组叶片实现单独工作,降低机组负荷,增加了适用性。 This is reflected in conditions typical of wind, can be used before and after the two vanes work together, but when the wind weather, select a set of blades to achieve working alone wherein the unit load decrease and increase the applicability. 3、叶片收叠收折功能用于船上,既可规避强风,旋转立柱也可当作吊车使用,可保持船上原有的桅杆功能。 3, blade folding function for collapsing the boat, can avoid strong winds, as the rotating pillar cranes may be used, the ship can maintain the original functions of the mast. 4、风能主机安置于立柱下方,能降低重心、提高稳定性,更使很多安装维修工作无须高空作业,只在立柱下进行,非常方便。 4, wind host placed in the column below, can lower center of gravity to improve stability, but also gives a lot of installation and maintenance work without aerial work, only in the column, very convenient. 5、前后两组叶片共轴反转,前叶片剩余风能得到二次利用,提高风能利用效率。 5, before and after two contrarotating blades, the front blade to obtain the remaining secondary use of wind energy, the wind energy utilization efficiency is improved. 6、流线型立柱减少气流阻力,对后叶片影响小,立柱抗折强度提高。 6, column streamlined to reduce air resistance, little effect on the blade, column bending strength is improved.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0015] 图1是本发明的叶片展开状态的侧视示意图。 [0015] FIG. 1 is a schematic side view of the blade of the present invention in its developed state.

[0016] 图2是本发明的叶片收叠状态的正视示意图。 [0016] FIG. 2 is a blade according to the present invention is a front view of the collapsing state.

[0017] 图3是本发明的叶片展开状态的结构示意图。 [0017] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the blade structure of the present invention in expanded state.

[0018] 图4是本发明的叶片收叠状态的结构示意图。 [0018] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the blade structure according to the present invention collapsing state.

[0019] 图5是本发明的活动叶片座正视示意图。 [0019] FIG. 5 is a movable vane front view of the seat according to the present invention.

[0020] 图6是本发明的活动叶片座A — A向首I]视不意图。 [0020] FIG. 6 of the present invention are active blade holder A - A is not intended to first I] view.

[0021] 附图标记说明:立柱1,管梁2,转盘3,主机间4,风能主机5,水平转轴6,伞齿轮7,锥齿轮8,竖轴9,控制电机10,整流罩11,输出齿轮12,丝杆13,活动叶片座14,固定叶片座15,法兰颈16,制动器17,离合器18,花键轴19,活动叶片20,固定叶片21,齿轮22,传动螺母23,卡口24,加强筋25。 [0021] REFERENCE NUMERALS: column 1, tubular beam 2, the turntable 3, the hosts 4, wind host 5, the horizontal shaft 6, bevel gears 7, the bevel gear 8, the vertical shaft 9, a control motor 10, cowl 11, output gear 12, screw 13, the movable blade holder 14, the fixed blade holder 15, the neck flange 16, the brake 17, clutch 18, the spline shaft 19, the movable vane 20, the fixed blade 21, the gear 22, a driving nut 23, the card port 24, the ribs 25.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0022] 为使本发明的目的、技术方案及优点更加清楚、明确,以下参照附图并举实施例对本发明进一步详细说明。 [0022] To make the objectives, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent, clear embodiment of the present invention is described in more detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.

[0023] 实施例一,参见图2—图6,本实施例的叶片收叠式风能机,主体包括有立柱1,管梁2,风能主机5,一对叶片:活动叶片20和固定叶片21,水平转轴6及制动器17、离合器18。 [0023] In one embodiment, referring to FIGS. 2-6, the present embodiment blade receiving wind stack machine main body 1 comprises a column, tubular beam 2, wind host 5, the pair of blades: moving blades 20 and stationary vanes 21 , the horizontal rotary shaft 6 and a brake 17, clutch 18. 其中,立柱1、风能主机5、制动器17、离合器18属常规技术,风能主机5可根据实际需要设置在立柱I顶部或者立柱I下部,特别的设计在于叶片组的安装结构。 Wherein, column 1, wind host 5, the brake 17, clutch 18 belongs to conventional technology, wind host 5 may be set as required in the lower portion of the column or the column at the top I I, a special design of the blade assembly in that the mounting structure.

[0024] 本实施例只有一对叶片组成的叶片组,由活动叶片20、固定叶片21、固定叶片座15、活动叶片座14、控制电机10等零部件组成。 The blade assembly [0024] The present embodiment is only composed of a pair of vanes embodiment, the moving blades 20, fixed blades 21, the fixed blade holder 15, the movable blade holder 14, controls the motor 10 and other component parts. 叶片根部与叶片座均采用法兰螺栓紧固连接。 The blade root and the blade holder are fastened using the flange bolts. 首先,固定叶片座15与水平转轴6固装,固定叶片座15外壁设置一个与固定叶片21紧固的法兰,并形成有法兰颈16 ;其次,活动叶片座14为管状零件(如图5、6所示),与固定叶片座15套装配合,活动叶片座14的内壁可套入固定叶片座15的外壁,形成滑动配合;活动叶片座14自身也设有与活动叶片20固定的法兰,在活动叶片座14上对应自身法兰颈的另一侧开有卡口24,该卡口24可滑动套进或退出固定叶片座15的法兰颈16,卡口24边缘有加强筋25。 First, the fixed blade holder 15 fixedly mounted to the horizontal shaft 6, the outer wall of the fixed blade holder 15 is provided with a fastening flange fixed blade 21, and is formed with a flange neck 16; secondly, the movable blade holder 14 is a tubular member (FIG. FIG 5,6), the inner wall of the fixed blade holder 15 with the package, the movable blade holder 14 can fit into the outer wall of the fixed blade holder 15, a slip fit; moving blades is also provided with seat 14 itself fixed moving blades 20 method blue, corresponding to the other side of the neck in the flange itself movable vane 14 is opened bayonet holder 24, the bayonet sleeve 24 can be slid into or out of the fixed blade holder 15 in the neck flange 16, bayonet edge bead 24 25.

[0025] 为实现活动叶片座14的滑动,在水平转轴6的前端设有丝杆13,活动叶片座I端面中心孔内设有传动螺母23,丝杆13与传动螺母23形成传动配合,活动叶片座14前端还设有控制电机10,传动螺母23上同轴心固连有齿轮22,齿轮22与控制电机10的输出齿轮12啮合,通过控制电机10实现正反转,可驱动活动叶片座14沿丝杆13退出或套装进固定叶片座15。 [0025] In order to achieve the sliding seat 14 of the moving blades, the front end of the horizontal rotary shaft 6 is provided with a screw 13, the movable blade holder end surface of the central bore is provided with I the driver nut 23, the nut screw 13 and the transmission gear 23 is formed with activities the front end of seat blade 14 is also provided with a control motor 10, the drive nut 23 fixedly connected with a coaxial gear 22, output gear 12 meshing with the control gear 22 of the motor 10, the control achieved by reversing the motor 10, driving the movable blade holder may 14 along the exit or set screw 13 into the seat 15 fixed vane.

[0026] 这样,通过活动叶片座14上卡口24与固定叶片座15法兰颈16的配合来变换两叶片的状态,实现叶片组的收叠和展开。 [0026] Thus, the mount 14 fixed vane 24 and the seat 15 with the flange 16 of the neck to the transformed state by two moving blades blade seat, and deployed to achieve collapsing of the blade assembly. 活动叶片座14、固定叶片座15、固定叶片21和活动叶片20,可由金属材料或复合材料、塑料制成。 Block moving blades 14, 15, the fixed blade 21 and the movable blade 20, may be made of a metal material or a composite material, a plastic holder fixed blade.

[0027] 叶片展开的过程是,先将固定叶片21指向天空、活动叶片20垂直指向地心,此时,活动叶片座14套装在固定叶片座15外壁前端,启动控制电机10正转,通过输出齿轮12、齿轮22、传动螺母23驱动活动叶片座14沿丝杆13内移,使活动叶片座14的卡口24套装进固定叶片座15的法兰颈16并相互紧固卡住,使活动叶片20、固定叶片21呈180度展开状态,电机停止后,由传动螺母23与丝杆螺纹自锁固定,叶片可作正常迎风工作。 [0027] The vane deployment process, toward the sky first stationary blade 21, the movable blade 20 vertically directed center of the earth, this time, the movable blade holder 14 fitted over the outer wall of the front end of the fixed blade holder 15, the motor 10 starts forward rotation control, the output gear 12, gear 22, the drive nut 23 drives the movable blade holder 14 along the shifting screw 13, the movable blade holder 24 of the mount 14 set into the stationary blade neck flange seat 1615 and stuck to each other fastened, the movable blades 20, fixed blades 21 deployed state 180 degrees, after the motor is stopped by the drive nut self-locking screw thread fixed blade 23 may be properly windward work.

[0028] 叶片收叠的过程是,通过水平转轴6将活动叶片20垂直指向地心,控制电机10反转驱动活动叶片座14沿丝杆13外移,待活动叶片座14的卡口24完全脱离固定叶片座15的法兰颈16,相互不再接触,然后再转动水平转轴6,调节制动器17将固定叶片21转动至垂直于地心,使之与活动叶片20叠合(如图2所示),与立柱I处于同一直线上,受强风作用力的影响可大大降低。 [0028] The process of collapsing the blade, the horizontal rotation shaft 6 by the movable blade 20 vertically directed center of the earth, the control motor 10 drives the movable blade holder 14 reverse direction relocation screw 13, to be movable vane 14 of the bayonet holder 24 is fully departing from the neck flange 16 of the fixed blade holder 15, no longer in contact with each other, then horizontal rotation shaft 6, the adjustable stop 17 fixed to the blade 21 is rotated to the vertical center of the earth, so that the movable blade 20 overlap it (FIG. 2 shown), and the column on the same line I, by the force of strong winds can be greatly reduced.

[0029] 实施例二,参见图1一图6,本实施例为减少气流阻力,立柱I的截面呈流线体的翼形,立柱I垂直竖立,顶端固装水平管梁2,形成一个T字形塔架。 [0029] Second Embodiment, see FIG. 1 a in FIG. 6, the present embodiment to reduce airflow resistance, I is the column cross section of the streamlined body wing, vertical upright column I, fixedly mounted to the top horizontal beam tube 2, forming a T shaped tower. 在顶端管梁2两端内,以同一轴心分前后各安装两个相同的可旋转的水平转轴6。 Both ends of the top tube in the beam 2, around the same axis in each of two identical sub rotatable horizontal shaft 6. 本实施例采用两组叶片组结构,以两片为一组分别安装在管梁2两端水平转轴6上(如图1所示),呈双级串联捕风方式布置。 This embodiment employs two blade assembly structure for a set of two pipes are respectively mounted on both ends of the horizontal shaft 2 beam 6 (FIG. 1), as a two-stage tandem arranged to catch the wind.

[0030] 风能主机5设置主机间4内,立柱I竖立安装在主机间4上方,顶部固装横向管梁2,底部安装转盘3,目的是使立柱1,管梁2作整体水平旋转可全角度的选择风向,立柱I的内部装有传动竖轴9,竖轴9与转盘3同轴心安装,底端连接风能主机5,水平旋转时不会影响动力传输。 [0030] Wind host 5 is provided within the hosts 4, column I erected mounted above between the host 4, the top being attached transverse tubular beam 2, the bottom mounting turntable 3, the purpose is to make the column 1, the tube 2 as a whole horizontal beam rotating the whole wind angle selection, with the interior of the column I gear 9 the vertical axis, the vertical axis 9 is mounted coaxial with the turntable 3, a bottom end connected to the host 5 wind, the rotation does not affect the power transmission level. 竖轴9顶端固装锥齿轮8啮合伞齿轮7联动,花键轴19共两支,分左、右安装在管梁2中,花键轴19的一端固装伞齿轮7,另一端配装有键销离合器18,制动器17外端面有键销孔可与键销离合器18配合,水平转轴6也分两支,按左、右安装在管梁2中,水平转轴6的一端固装制动器17,另一端固装固定叶片座15,水平转轴6的前端设有丝杆13,固定叶片21与固定叶片座15用法兰连接,活动叶片20与活动叶片座14也用法兰连接,传动螺母23安装在活动叶片座14端面中心孔内,与齿轮22同轴心连接,传动螺母23与丝杆13旋转配套。 9 fixedly mounted to the top vertical axis bevel gear 8 meshing bevel gear linkage 7, a total of two spline shaft 19, divided left and right tubular beam 2 is mounted in an end of the spline shaft bevel gear 719 is fixedly arranged and the other end fitted keyed pin clutch 18, outer face 17 has a brake pin key hole and the key pin clutch 18 can be fitted, the shaft 6 can be divided into two levels, the left and right mounting the tubular beam 2, a horizontal rotary shaft 6 with one end fixed to the package brake 17 , and the other end fixedly mounted stationary blade seat 15, the front end of the horizontal shaft 6 is provided with a screw 13, the fixed blade 21 and the fixed flange 15 with the holder blade, the movable blade holder 20 and the movable vanes 14 are also flanged, drive nut 23 is mounted central bore 14 in the end face of the movable vane seat 22 is connected to the coaxial gear, the drive nut 23 and the screw 13 is rotated matching. 控制电机10装在整流罩11内并与活动叶片座14固连,控制电机10的启动、关闭,进退指令均可用有线,无线电器控制,制动器17,键销离合器18的动作控制均可用有线,无线电器,液压,气动等机械操作,目的是通过自动控制实现活动叶片20与固定叶片21的展开和收叠。 Controlling the motor 10 is mounted in the inner cowl 11 and the movable blade holder 14 is fixedly connected to the control of the starter motor 10, is closed by advancing and retracting instructions may be wired, wireless, electrical control, the brake 17, the operation of the key pin 18 of the clutch control cable can be used, wireless electrical, hydraulic, pneumatic and other mechanical operations, the purpose of expanding or collapsing 20 is achieved by automatically controlling the moving blades and the fixed blade 21.

[0031] 本实施例中,由于两组叶片对称布置,左、右两水平转轴6的后端均安装有制动器 [0031] In this embodiment, since the two blades are arranged symmetrically, the left and right rear two horizontal shaft 6 are attached to the brake

17,制动器17端面有键销孔,紧邻制动器17安装有花键轴19,花键端配装有键销离合器18,离合器键销与制动器端面键销孔配合离合功能。 17, the brake key 17 has a pin hole end surface, the brake 17 is mounted adjacent to a spline shaft 19, fitted with a splined end key pin clutch 18, the clutch and the brake key pin end face of the key pin hole with the clutch function. 花键轴19另一端固装伞齿轮7,左、右花键轴19上的伞齿轮7共同啮合一个垂直安装在风塔顶部的锥齿轮8,锥齿轮8与竖轴9连接。 The other end of the spline shaft 19 fixedly mounted a bevel gear 7, the left and right spline shaft bevel gear 197 meshing together at the top of a vertically mounted bevel gear wind tower 8, the bevel gear 8 is connected to the vertical axis 9. 三齿啮合联动旋转,使左水平转轴与右水平转轴呈同轴心反相旋转。 Three toothing interlocking rotating, horizontal shaft and the left and right horizontal rotary shaft, coaxial counter-rotating. 制动器、离合器是常规配置,其设置是为了方便使用。 Brakes, clutches are conventional configuration, which is provided for convenience.

[0032] 本实施例中,叶片分固定叶片21与活动叶片20,两种叶片组合成一叶片组,共两组分别设置在水平转轴6的外端,以面对迎风方向称前、后叶片组。 [0032] embodiment, the moving blades 21 and the blade subassembly 20 blades fixed two blades are combined into a blade assembly according to the present embodiment, a total of two groups were provided at the outer end of the horizontal shaft 6, so as to face the wind direction, said front and rear blade group . 使用时,每组两个叶片以180°相对展开安装捕获风能。 In use, the two blades each expand at 180 ° relative to capture wind energy installation. 在需要时,如遇上台风、强风等紧急情况,可将每组的两个叶片由控制电机10驱动,自动、快速地收叠在同一直线上,垂直地面呈0°锁定,便于避强风或者安装维修等。 When required, such as the typhoon, strong wind and other emergency situations, the two blades of each group can be controlled by a drive motor 10, is automatically, quickly collapsing on the same straight line, the ground was 0 ° vertical locking, or to facilitate avoiding strong winds installation and maintenance. 前、后两组叶片迎角是同风向设置反向安装,这样能使同一风向的风力推动前、后两组叶片作反向旋转,目的是为提高捕风效率。 Front and two rear blade angle of attack with the wind direction is set installed backwards, so that the former can promote the same direction of wind, the two counter-rotating blades for the purpose to improve the efficiency to catch the wind. 另一突出的特点是,前、后两组叶片的相对反转可相互抵消轴向反作用力矩,该布局有助于解决技术性的水面浮体承载风能机的稳定问题。 Another prominent feature, the front, two opposite blades can be reversed after the axial reaction torque cancel each other, the layout helps solve the technical problem of stability of the floating body carrying surface wind machine. 加上两组叶片的对称设计及收叠机构,更完善了风能机适于船舶,强风海岸和近海海域等环境的应用问题。 Plus symmetrical design and two blade collapsing mechanism, better adapted to the wind machine vessel, and the application of strong wind coast offshore like environment.

[0033] 应当理解的是,本发明的应用不限于上述的举例,对本领域普通技术人员来说,可以根据上述说明加以改进或变换,所有这些改进和变换都应属于本发明的保护范围。 [0033] It should be appreciated that the present invention is applied is not limited to the above-described example, those of ordinary skill in the art, can be modified or converted according to the above description, all such modifications and variations shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

  1. 1.一种叶片收叠式风能机,包括有立柱,风能主机,至少一对叶片,水平转轴及制动器、离合器,其特征在于: 所述的一对叶片分为固定叶片(21)和活动叶片(20),固定叶片(21)与固定叶片座(15)固连,固定叶片座(15)套装于水平转轴(6)上,活动叶片(20)与活动叶片座(14)固连,活动叶片座(14)上设有卡口(24),活动叶片座(14)通过卡口(24)再套装于固定叶片座(15)上,使活动叶片(20)与固定叶片(21)处于同一平面并以180°相对展开; 水平转轴¢)的前端设有丝杆(13),活动叶片座(14)端面中心孔内设有传动螺母(23),丝杆(13)与传动螺母(23)形成传动配合; 活动叶片座(14)前端还设有控制电机(10),传动螺母(23)上同轴心固连有齿轮(22),齿轮(22)与控制电机(10)的输出齿轮(12)啮合,通过控制电机(10)的正反转,可驱动活动叶片座(14)沿丝杆(13)退出或套装进固定叶片座(15)。 1. A blade receiving wind stack machine, comprising uprights, wind host, at least one blade, the horizontal shaft and a brake, a clutch, wherein: said pair of blades into the fixed blade (21) and moving blades (20), fixed blades (21) and the fixed blade holder (15) is fixedly connected to the fixed blade holder (15) set on a horizontal shaft (6), moving blades (20) and the movable leaf seat (14) fixedly connected activities blades provided on the base (14) of the bayonet (24), the movable blade holder (14) by a bayonet (24) to re-set the fixed blade holder (15), the movable blade (20) and the fixed blade (21) is the same plane and at 180 ° relative to expand; horizontal shaft distal ¢) provided with screw (13), the movable blade holder (14) has a central bore of the drive nut end surface (23), screw (13) and driver nut ( 23) is formed with a transmission; seat moving blades (14) is also provided with the front end of the control motor (10), drive nut (23) on a gear (22), the gear (22) and controls the motor (10 coaxially secured) of an output gear (12) engages, by controlling the motor (10) is rotating, and may drive the movable vane seat (14) along the exit or set screw (13) into the fixed blade holder (15).
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的风能机,其特征在于,所述的叶片共分左右两对,其叶片迎角按同一迎风方向以角度正负对称安装,且通过同轴反转串联连接。 The wind power machine according to claim 1, wherein said blade is divided into left and right two pairs, according to the same angle of attack of its blades windward mounting direction at an angle symmetrical positive and negative, and connected in series via coaxial inversion.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1或2所述的风能机,其特征在于,所述风能主机装于立柱(I)下部,立柱(I)内设有竖轴(9),竖轴(9)下端与风能主机动力连接,竖轴(9)上端则通过锥齿轮(8)、伞齿轮(7)与水平的花键轴(19)、离合器、制动器及水平转轴(6)动力连接。 The wind power machine of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said host device to wind the column (I) a lower, upright (I) equipped with a vertical axis (9), (9) and the lower end of the vertical axis wind power connected to the host, the vertical axis (9) of the upper bevel gear (8), a bevel gear (7) and the splined shaft (19), clutches, brakes and the horizontal shaft (6) via the power connection level.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的风能机,其特征在于,所述立柱(I)底部安装转盘(3),转盘(3)可带动立柱(I)作水平360°旋转。 4. The wind power machine according to claim 3, characterized in that said uprights (I) mounting a bottom turntable (3), the turntable (3) can drive the column (I) horizontally rotated 360 °.
  5. 5.根据权利要求4所述的风能机,其特征在于,所述立柱(I)顶部固装横向管梁(2),整体呈T字形,管梁(2)内分左右两侧各对称安装有水平转轴(6)和花键轴(19),花键轴(19)的一端固装伞齿轮(7),另一端配装有键销离合器(18),制动器(17)外端面有键销孔可与键销离合器(18)配合,制动器(17)固装于水平转轴(6)的后端。 The wind power machine as claimed in claim 4, wherein said top column (I) is fixedly arranged transverse beam tube (2), the overall shape of a T, each of the symmetrical tubular beam (2) mounted within the left and right sides a horizontal shaft (6) and the spline shaft (19), the spline shaft (19) fixedly mounted at one end of the bevel gear (7), and the other end fitted with a pin bond clutch (18), the brake (17) has an outer end surface of the key pin holes may be fitted with a key pin clutch (18), the brake (17) fixedly mounted on the rear end of the horizontal shaft (6).
  6. 6.根据权利要求3所述的风能机,其特征在于,所述固定叶片(21)与固定叶片座(15)用法兰连接、活动叶片(20)与活动叶片座(14)也是法兰连接,活动叶片座(14)上对应自身法兰颈的另一侧开有卡口(24),该卡口(24)可滑动配合套装进入或退出固定叶片座(15)的法兰颈(16),卡口(24)边缘有加强筋(25);收叠叶片时,控制电机(10)驱动齿轮(22)、传动螺母(23),带动活动叶片座(14)沿丝杆(13)退出固定叶片座(15),当活动叶片座(14)上的卡口(24)完全退出固定叶片座(15)的法兰颈(16)后,可将固定叶片(21)和活动叶片(20)两个叶片收叠为0°,垂直地心锁定。 6. The wind power machine according to claim 3, wherein said stationary blades (21) (15) with a flange connected to the fixed blade holder, the movable blade (20) and the movable leaf seat (14) is connected to a flange , corresponding to the other side of their neck flange (14) apart moving blades bayonet holder (24), (24) slidably fitted suit the bayonet holder to enter or exit the fixed vane (15) of the flange neck (16 ), tab (24) has an edge bead (25); collapsing when the blade controls the motor (10) drive gear (22), the drive nut (23), driven by the movable vane holder (14) along the screw (13) exit stationary blade holder (15), when the movable blade bayonet holder (24) (14) completely out of the fixed blade holder (15) after the neck flange (16), can be fixed vanes (21) and moving blades ( 20) collapsing two blades is 0 °, the vertical center of the earth lock.
  7. 7.根据权利要求3所述的风能机,其特征在于,立柱截面呈流线翼形体。 7. The wind power machine according to claim 3, characterized in that the flow cross section of the wing-pillar body.
CN 201410422397 2014-08-25 2014-08-25 A blade receiving wind power machine stack CN104314761B (en)

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