CN104314758A - Centrifuging and paddle varying device of wind driven generator - Google Patents

Centrifuging and paddle varying device of wind driven generator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104314758A
CN104314758A CN201410547863.0A CN201410547863A CN104314758A CN 104314758 A CN104314758 A CN 104314758A CN 201410547863 A CN201410547863 A CN 201410547863A CN 104314758 A CN104314758 A CN 104314758A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bearing
paddle
sleeve
driven generator
wind
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410547863.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104314758B (en
Inventor
张成革
张智蓬
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张成革
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Priority to CN201410547863.0A priority Critical patent/CN104314758B/en
Publication of CN104314758A publication Critical patent/CN104314758A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104314758B publication Critical patent/CN104314758B/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D7/00Controlling wind motors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction

Abstract

The invention relates to a centrifuging and paddle varying device of a wind driven generator. The centrifuging and paddle varying device comprises a paddle varying mechanism, wherein the paddle varying mechanism is arranged on a wheel hub; the wheel hub is mounted on a hollow shaft; the spring and a slide sleeve are arranged outside the hollow shaft in a sleeving manner; a stopping pull rod is arranged in a hollow main shaft 3 with a groove; the slide sleeve is provided with a sleeve groove; a bearing is slidingly arranged in the slide groove; a sliding shaft is connected with a bearing lengthening sleeve; the bearing lengthening sleeve is sleeved with a bearing inner sleeve; a bearing outer sleeve is fixed on the inner wall of the wheel hub; three synchronous wheels are mounted on the inner side of the wheel hub by synchronous shafts; any one of the synchronous wheels is connected with the bearing lengthening sleeve by a synchronous belt b to be transmitted; the synchronous wheels are synchronously connected and transmitted by a synchronous belt a; the outer side of the synchronous belt a is provided with a swinging shaft; the swinging shaft is provided with a swinging sleeve; one end of a swinging arm is mounted in the sleeve and the other end of the swinging arm is connected with a paddle in the paddle varying mechanism. According to the centrifuging and paddle varying device of the wind driven generator, the generator has a starting function and also has a paddle varying speed adjusting function and a drag reduction function through simple centrifuging and paddle varying.

Description

Wind-driven generator centrifugal variation paddle device

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of centrifugal variation paddle device, particularly a kind of wind-driven generator centrifugal variation paddle device for wind-driven generator speed limit.

Background technique

Current small-sized wind power generator is just developed to feather by fixed pitch; centrifugal variable-pitch wind driven generator will dominate small wind market; but centrifugal variable-pitch wind driven generator blade becomes vane angle or can only become oar by zero degree to positive angle 90 degree at present; torque change is soft; oar speed governing energy feathering can be become shut down and drag reduction; but do not start angle so starting force is apart from little, require that threshold wind velocity is high.Or become oar by zero degree to negative angle by positive angle about 30 degree again to zero degree change oar; there is starting angle; stall speed governing can only be relied on but excessively cannot arrive feathering and shut down drag reduction; reason is that blade is too responsive to negative angle change; blade angle can not exceed negative five degree; also to slowly change; otherwise lateral pull can be produced blower fan is forgotten about it; these two kinds of modes all cannot realize becoming oar by positive angle about 30 degree to zero degree; not only become oar by zero degree to positive angle 90 degree again, start-up function that is cannot be had to have not only and become oar speed-regulating function but also have feathering to shut down and anti-drag function.

Summary of the invention

The present invention is directed to above-mentioned problems of the prior art, provide a kind of existing start-up performance have again become oar speed governing attack can and feathering drag reduction attack the wind-driven generator centrifugal variation paddle device of energy, solve the problem of centrifugal variation paddle function singleness in prior art.

For realizing object of the present invention, the technical solution used in the present invention is:

Comprise blade pitch device, blade pitch device is arranged on wheel hub, wheel hub is arranged on the hollow shaft of generator, spring and sliding sleeve are enclosed within outside the hollow spindle of band keyway, shutting down pull bar is located in the hollow spindle of band keyway, shut down pull bar to be linked together through the keyway of hollow spindle and sliding sleeve by connecting body, sliding sleeve is provided with chute, bearing is slidably arranged in chute, in bearing, sliding axle is set, sliding axle connection bearing lengthens cover, bearing lengthens outside cover and is set with bearing inner sleeve, bearing outside is fixed on wheel hub inwall by supporting frame, bearing lengthens cover and is provided with gap between sliding sleeve and chute, at least three synchronizing wheels by synchronous wheel shaft by supporting frame respectively symmetry be fixedly mounted on inside wheel hub, any one in synchronizing wheel is lengthened by Timing Belt b and bearing overlaps connection for transmission, synchronizing wheel is each other by the transmission of Timing Belt a synchronized links, be provided with swing axis outside Timing Belt a, swing axis is installed and swings sleeve pipe, one end of swing arm is arranged in sleeve pipe, and the other end of swing arm connects the blade in blade pitch device.

Advantageous effect of the present invention is as follows:

1, just enough change oar power can be obtained by simple centrifugal bar.

2, chute shape is obtuse angle V-type, and simple design just can make the existing start-up performance of generator have again change oar speed-regulating function and feathering anti-drag function.

3, the length of chute is at least four times of sliding sleeve diameter, can ensure that blade has enough large moment of torsion, reach labour-saving object.

4, chute can arrange separately projection and form chute on sliding sleeve wall, increases wall thickness, namely ensure that intensity, again reduce cost without the need to entirety.

5, be connected with sliding sleeve by wire rope in blade pitch device, make device entirety can become oar and start, can become again oar speed governing can also feathering drag reduction, simply effectively.

Fixed magnet on the axle sleeve of 6, hollow spindle, wind-driven generator rotating speed is too low or when stopping, and centrifugal bar is near magnet and held by it, prevents because rotating speed too low centrifugal force deficiency causes centrifugal bar impact damage.

7, bearing lengthening cover outer surface and synchronizing wheel corresponding section are provided with tooth, prevent from throwing switch, avoid between blade asynchronous, ensure that multiple blade synchronously becomes oar.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.

Fig. 2 be Fig. 1 face structural representation.

Fig. 3 is chute partial structurtes schematic diagram.

Fig. 4 a is the position view of the swing axis section of starting, target phase, feathering shutdown section between two synchronizing wheels.

Fig. 4 b is that blade is positioned at the blade angle schematic diagram starting section.

Fig. 4 c is the blade angle schematic diagram that blade is positioned at target phase.

Fig. 4 d is the blade angle schematic diagram that blade is positioned at that section shut down by feathering.

Wherein 1, wheel hub, 2, bearing lengthens cover, 3, hollow spindle, 4, sliding sleeve, 5, chute, 6, bearing, 7, synchronous wheel shaft, 8, synchronizing wheel, 9, Timing Belt a, 10, swing axis, 11, swing sleeve pipe, 12, swing arm, 13, centrifugal bar sliding sleeve, 14, centrifugal bar, 15, bearing inner sleeve, 16, bearing outside, 17, supporting frame, 18, paddle flange, 19, become oar hollow shaft, 20, blade, 21, become oar axle sleeve, 22, pitch variable bearings, 23, pitch variable bearings seat, 24, wire rope, 25, front end of shield, 26, magnet, 27, pulley, 28, shut down pull rod shaft bearing, 29, shut down pull bar, 30, spring, 31, connecting body, 32, Timing Belt b, arrow represents wind direction.

Embodiment

The general introduction of technical solution of the present invention that above-mentioned is only, in order to better understand technological means of the present invention, is described in further detail the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment.

embodiment 1

A kind of centrifugal variation paddle device of the present invention comprises wheel hub, wheel hub surrounding has been welded, and several become oar axle sleeve, majority is designed to three, also be three in example of the present invention, as shown in Figure 1-2, wheel hub 1 is arranged on the hollow shaft of generator, spring 30 and sliding sleeve 4 are enclosed within outside the hollow spindle 3 of band keyway, spring is used for sliding sleeve playback, sliding sleeve can only slide and can not rotate in the outer linear reciprocation of generator hollow shaft, shutting down pull bar 29 is located in the hollow spindle 3 of band keyway, shut down pull bar 29 to be linked together through the keyway of hollow spindle and sliding sleeve 4 by the connecting body 31 of a flat cuboid shape, shutdown pull bar 29 and sliding sleeve 4 also reciprocally can only slide with hollow spindle 3 synchronous axial system of band keyway, sliding sleeve is provided with chute 5, and chute shape is 120 degree of obtuse angle V-types, and the length of chute is at least four times of sliding sleeve diameter, and chute is that two strip of material are welded into the projection chute protruding from sliding sleeve wall outer surface, in order to weight reduction, bearing 6 is slidably arranged in chute, in bearing 6, sliding axle is set, sliding axle is connected to bearing and lengthens in cover 2, bearing lengthens cover 2 outer suit bearing inner sleeve 15, bearing outside 16 is fixed on wheel hub 1 inwall by supporting frame 17, bearing lengthens cover 2 and is provided with gap between sliding sleeve and chute and can not rub, bearing lengthens cover and can only rotate and can not slide with sliding sleeve, bearing lengthens cover 2 outer surface and synchronizing wheel corresponding section is provided with tooth, three synchronizing wheels 8 by synchronous wheel shaft 7 by supporting frame 17 respectively symmetry be fixedly mounted on inside wheel hub 1, any one in synchronizing wheel lengthens cover 2 connection for transmission by Timing Belt b and bearing, synchronizing wheel is each other by the transmission of Timing Belt a synchronized links, be respectively equipped with three swing axiss 10 outside Timing Belt a, swing axis 10 is installed and swings sleeve pipe 11, one end of swing arm is arranged in sleeve pipe, and the other end of swing arm connects the blade in blade pitch device.

Wheel hub 1 decile is equipped with and becomes oar axle sleeve 21, become in oar axle sleeve 21 and have hollow change oar axle 19, become outside oar axle 19 and have paddle flange 18, blade 20 is arranged in paddle flange 18, have centrifugal bar sliding sleeve 13 in blade 20, have centrifugal bar 14 in centrifugal bar sliding sleeve 13, centrifugal bar 14 is connected with one end of wire rope 24, wire rope 24 the other end is walked around pulley 27 and is connected with sliding sleeve 4, and described wire rope is stainless steel; Become inside oar axle 19 and have pitch variable bearings 22 and bearing support 23, bearing support 23 is in garden plate-like, and bearing support 23 side is welded with swing arm 12, and swing arm 12 inserts and swings in sleeve pipe 11; The axle sleeve of hollow spindle is provided with support, fixed magnet 26 on support, wind-driven generator rotating speed is too low or when stopping, centrifugal bar 14 is near magnet 26 and held by it, prevent from, because the too low centrifugal force of rotating speed is not enough, causing the centrifugal bar of impact damage and steel wire when time above each centrifugal bar forwards to falls down.

Embodiment 2

Described sliding sleeve selects heavy wall sliding sleeve, directly on heavy wall sliding sleeve, processes groove as chute, and other structure is with embodiment 1.

As shown in Fig. 3-4d, wind-driven generator rotating speed is too low or when stopping, sliding axle and bearing 6 are arranged in the A section of Fig. 3 sliding sleeve 4, and swing axis 10 is arranged in Fig. 4 a A point, and blade angle is in about about 30 degree of A angle in Fig. 4 c.

When reaching starting wind velocity, blade starts rotation, when rotating speed raises further, centrifugal bar departs from the outside whipping of magnetic pull, and pull sliding sleeve to move to spring side by steel wire, bearing lengthens the sliding axle inside overlapping and bearing is forced to be subjected to displacement rotation, by the interlock of Timing Belt a and swing arm 12, the blade angle rotating speed that diminishes raises further.

When reaching rated speed, sliding axle and bearing 6 are arranged in the B section of Fig. 3 sliding sleeve 4, and swing axis 10 is arranged in Fig. 4 a B point, and blade angle to be in Fig. 4 b about the about zero degree in B angle.

When rotating speed continue to raise or wind speed is too high need to shut down time, sliding axle and bearing 6 from B section to C section excessively, wind-driven generator feathering shutdown when blade angle is in C angle in Fig. 4 d.

Great wind speed all cannot rely on the centrifugal force in centrifugal variation paddle to shut down; rotating speed can only be limited; want that shutdown needs to rely on manpower, electronic or wind speed rudder pulls and shut down pull bar and shut down; shut down pull bar and generator hollow shaft synchronous axial system; and the halt control mechanism such as manual, electronic, wind speed rudder does not rotate; need through generator so shut down pull bar and a bearing is installed, shutting down pull rod shaft bearing 28 and be connected with knock-off gear.

Centrifugal bar of the present invention slides over just to be bumped in blade to hold with blade when manufacturing blade and is integrated.The right side that described spring can be arranged on sliding sleeve also can be arranged on the left side of sliding sleeve.Described Timing Belt and synchronizing wheel also can adopt chain and connect wheel.Described obtuse angle is arbitrarily angled in 120-160 degree.The above know-why being specific embodiments of the invention and using, any based on the equivalent transformation on technical solution of the present invention basis, all belong within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. wind-driven generator centrifugal variation paddle device, comprises blade pitch device, it is characterized in that blade pitch device is arranged on wheel hub (1), wheel hub (1) is arranged on the hollow shaft of generator, spring (30) and sliding sleeve (4) are enclosed within the hollow spindle (3) of band keyway outward, shutting down pull bar (29) is located in the hollow spindle (3) of band keyway, shut down pull bar (29) to be linked together through the keyway of hollow spindle and sliding sleeve (4) by connecting body (31), sliding sleeve is provided with chute, bearing (6) is slidably arranged in chute, bearing arranges sliding axle in (6), sliding axle connection bearing lengthens cover (2), bearing lengthens cover (2) and is set with bearing inner sleeve (15) outward, bearing outside (16) is fixed on wheel hub (1) inwall by supporting frame (17), bearing lengthens cover (2) and is provided with gap between sliding sleeve and chute, at least three synchronizing wheels (8) by synchronous wheel shaft (7) by supporting frame (17) respectively symmetry be fixedly mounted on wheel hub (1) inner side, any one in synchronizing wheel is lengthened by Timing Belt b and bearing overlaps (2) connection for transmission, synchronizing wheel is each other by the transmission of Timing Belt a synchronized links, be provided with swing axis (10) outside Timing Belt a, the upper installation of swing axis (10) swings sleeve pipe (11), and one end of swing arm is arranged in sleeve pipe, and the other end of swing arm connects the blade in blade pitch device.
2. wind-driven generator centrifugal variation paddle device according to claim 1, is characterized in that described chute shape is obtuse angle V-type.
3. wind-driven generator centrifugal variation paddle device according to claim 2, is characterized in that described obtuse angle is 120-160 degree.
4. wind-driven generator centrifugal variation paddle device according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that the length of described chute is at least four times of sliding sleeve diameter.
5. wind-driven generator centrifugal variation paddle device according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that described chute forms projection chute for protruding from sliding sleeve wall outer surface.
6. wind-driven generator centrifugal variation paddle device according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that described chute is that sliding sleeve wall outer surface arranges recessed chute.
7. wind-driven generator centrifugal variation paddle device according to claim 1, the centrifugal bar that it is characterized in that in described blade pitch device is walked around pulley by wire rope and is connected with sliding sleeve.
8. wind-driven generator centrifugal variation paddle device according to claim 1, is characterized in that the axle sleeve of described hollow spindle is provided with support, fixed magnet on support.
9. wind-driven generator centrifugal variation paddle device according to claim 1, is characterized in that described swing axis quantity and blade quantity match.
10. wind-driven generator centrifugal variation paddle device according to claim 1, is characterized in that described bearing lengthens cover outer surface and synchronizing wheel corresponding section is provided with tooth.
CN201410547863.0A 2014-10-16 2014-10-16 Wind-driven generator centrifugal variation paddle device CN104314758B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410547863.0A CN104314758B (en) 2014-10-16 2014-10-16 Wind-driven generator centrifugal variation paddle device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410547863.0A CN104314758B (en) 2014-10-16 2014-10-16 Wind-driven generator centrifugal variation paddle device

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CN104314758A true CN104314758A (en) 2015-01-28
CN104314758B CN104314758B (en) 2017-03-15

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS57191475A (en) * 1981-05-22 1982-11-25 Hitachi Ltd Pitch controlling mechanism for wind power generator
DE69324482T2 (en) * 1992-02-20 1999-08-12 Sundstrand Corp COMPACT STORAGE AIR TURBINE IN THE AXIAL DIRECTION
CN201141337Y (en) * 2007-08-03 2008-10-29 张望高 Speed control device of miniature aerogenerator
CN201339544Y (en) * 2008-12-25 2009-11-04 浙江华鹰风电设备有限公司 Passive pitch-controlled wind-powered generator with shifting device
CN102536647A (en) * 2011-11-24 2012-07-04 浙江华鹰风电设备有限公司 Feathering shutdown mechanism of small and medium sized wind driven generators
CN204532691U (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-08-05 张成革 Wind-driven generator centrifugal variation paddle device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS57191475A (en) * 1981-05-22 1982-11-25 Hitachi Ltd Pitch controlling mechanism for wind power generator
DE69324482T2 (en) * 1992-02-20 1999-08-12 Sundstrand Corp COMPACT STORAGE AIR TURBINE IN THE AXIAL DIRECTION
CN201141337Y (en) * 2007-08-03 2008-10-29 张望高 Speed control device of miniature aerogenerator
CN201339544Y (en) * 2008-12-25 2009-11-04 浙江华鹰风电设备有限公司 Passive pitch-controlled wind-powered generator with shifting device
CN102536647A (en) * 2011-11-24 2012-07-04 浙江华鹰风电设备有限公司 Feathering shutdown mechanism of small and medium sized wind driven generators
CN204532691U (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-08-05 张成革 Wind-driven generator centrifugal variation paddle device

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Effective date of registration: 20201224

Address after: 224600 south of Guanhe 1st Road, Xiangshui Industrial Economic Zone, Yancheng City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: JIANGSU TIANNENG MARINE HEAVY INDUSTRY Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 225600 Jiangsu Province Yangzhou Gaoyou Economic Development Zone Dongting Lake Road Science and Technology Venture Center, Room 210, 2nd floor

Patentee before: JIANGSU BOSIWEI INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY OPERATION Co.,Ltd.

Effective date of registration: 20201224

Address after: 225600 Jiangsu Province Yangzhou Gaoyou Economic Development Zone Dongting Lake Road Science and Technology Venture Center, Room 210, 2nd floor

Patentee after: JIANGSU BOSIWEI INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY OPERATION Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 110117 No.45, West Street, Hunhe Station Street, Heping District, Shenyang City, Liaoning Province

Patentee before: Zhang Chengge