Embodiments of the invention are elaborated below, the present embodiment is carried out under premised on technical solution of the present invention
Implement, give detailed implementation method and specific operating process, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to following implementations
The organic fertilizer of the present embodiment includes following components by weight：Broiler chicken excrement 800kg, waste mushroom packet 1200kg, ferment expands
Big bacterium 1kg.In organic fertilizer, active beneficial bacterium is 0.5 hundred million/g, and pH is 6~8.
The broiler chicken excrement of the present embodiment is the broiler chicken excrement delivered for sale for 45 days.The broiler chicken delivered for sale for 45 days exists always from be born to delivering for sale
Eat, while inside the excrement of excretion, content of organics is high, such as all feeds grain.
The waste mushroom packet of the present embodiment is the waste mushroom packet of pocket mushrooms.According to the growth characteristic of pocket mushrooms, pocket mushrooms are typically only long
One batch, the content of dregs of beans, corncob, wheat bran skin and sawdust inside its discarded bacterium bag is high, and the content of organic matter is high.
The ferment expands bacterium that the present embodiment is used, the agricultural ferment of its trade name BYM is that vigor is very strong to be added by that can produce
The bacterium of water decomposition enzyme, saccharomycete, der Pilz are constituted, the Japan that its opportunistic pathogen kind is come, and are divided into an opportunistic pathogen and No. two opportunistic pathogens, must
Must use cooperatively, 10 kilograms of opportunistic pathogens coordinate with 10 grams of No. two opportunistic pathogens can produce one ton of expansion bacterium, and opportunistic pathogen is in the Ministry of Agriculture of China
Have and put on record.
The preparation method of the organic fertilizer of the present embodiment, comprises the following steps：
(1) after the polybag in waste mushroom packet is separated, then according to broiler chicken excrement 800kg, waste mushroom packet 1200kg, ferment
Expand the ratio mixing of bacterium 1kg, regulation pH is 6~8；
(2) under normal pressure, 95~110 DEG C are heated the mixture to, while stirring mixture, is fermented 7~9 hours；Temperature
Weather higher than 25 DEG C, 95 DEG C of heating-up temperature；Weather of the temperature less than 10 DEG C, heating-up temperature is 110 DEG C；
(3) heap fermentation, solid accumulation temperature is 70~80 DEG C, turning 3~7 times, every turning in 3~4 days once, is piled up
It highly it is 2~3 meters, until surface of material has white hypha to generate, heap fermentation is completed；The mark of solid accumulation fermentation ends
For：Temperature is down to 30~40 DEG C, and material is brown, and powdery is uniformly, ordorless；
(4) material that heap fermentation terminates is transported to screening machine, screens out impurity and bulky grain of the particle diameter more than 0.5cm；
(5) material after screening is sent into granulator granulation, obtains organic fertilizer.
As shown in figure 1, the production equipment of the present embodiment includes the bacterium bag separator being sequentially connected by conveyer 110
120th, stirring installation for fermenting 130, screening machine feed device 140, screening machine 150 and comminutor 160；
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, the conveyer 110 used by the present embodiment includes transmission motor 111, conveyer belt 112, head
End live-roller 113, final drive roller 114, transmission base 115 and multiple transfer roller group, each transfer roller group include the first transfer roller 116,
Second transfer roller 117 and V-type support 118, V-type support 118 are fixed on transmission base 115, the first transfer roller 116 and the second transfer roller
117 are respectively sleeved on V-type support 118 formation V-type transfer roller, and transmission motor 111 drives head end live-roller 113, conveyer belt 112 according to
It is secondary by after head end live-roller 113, multiple transfer roller group, final drive roller 114, then worn by the bottom of transmission base and return to head end biography
Dynamic roller 113 forms a circulation, and conveyer belt 112 is provided with V-type anti-slip veins 1121.The feeding style of V-structure, it can be ensured that thing
Material will not spill in the both sides of conveyer belt 112, realize effectively smoothly feeding.
As shown in figure 4, bacterium bag separator 120 includes detachable base 121, separates motor 122, conveying motor 123, separates
Case 124, conveying box 125, puddler 126, bacterium bag conveyer belt 127, the separator box 124 and conveying box 125 are integrally formed, conveying
Case 125 and separator box 124 are obliquely installed on detachable base 121, and separator box 124 is located on the lower curtate of conveying box 125, are separated
Mixture inlet 1241 and polybag outlet 1242 are respectively equipped with case 124, mixture inlet 1241 is located at the low of separator box 124
Portion, polybag outlet 1242 is located at the portion high of separator box 124, separates motor 122 and puddler 126 is connected, and separates the band of motor 122
Dynamic puddler 126 is rotated, and puddler 126 is arranged in separator box 124, and bacterium bag conveyer belt 127 is arranged in conveying box 125, is stirred
Bar 126 is mixed on bacterium bag conveyer belt 127, separation net 128 is provided between puddler 126 and bacterium bag conveyer belt 127, bacterium bag is defeated
Send and be provided with drive with 127 two ends, conveying motor 123 drives the drive at the top of bacterium bag conveyer belt 127, on conveying box 125
Bacterium bag outlet 1251 is provided with, bacterium bag outlet 1251 is located under the drive at the top of bacterium bag conveyer belt 127；The detachable base
121 bottom is provided with multiple road wheels 1211, and brake gear is set on road wheel 1211, and whole dress is checked when in use
As shown in figure 5, puddler 126 includes stirring shaft 1261, multiple flex apart bars 1262 and two pins 1263,
The connection of the stirring shaft 1261 separates motor 122, and pin 1263 is fixed on the two ends of stirring shaft 1261, flex apart bar
1262 it is equidistant be fixed on stirring shaft 1261, flex apart bar 1262 be located at two pins 1263 between.
Flex apart bar 1262 includes two bent sticks 1264 and two support bars 1265, one end of the bent stick 1264
It is fixed on stirring shaft 1261, the other end is axially extending along stirring shaft 1261, two bearing of trend phases of bent stick 1264
Instead, one end of support bar 1265 is fixed on stirring shaft 1261, and the other end is supported in bent stick 1264.
Pin 1263 includes four straight-bars 1266, and straight-bar 1266 is vertically fixed on stirring shaft 1261, four straight-bars
1266 are angularly set along the circumferencial direction of stirring shaft 1261.
Bacterium bag separator 120 is moved near conveyer 110 when use, waste mushroom packet is passed through into conveyer
110 mixture inlets 1241 for being sent to bacterium bag separator 120.Pin 1263 is located at the two ends of stirring shaft 1261, can
Blocking the polybag in waste mushroom packet will not run out of, and flex apart bar 1262 can effectively tick the waste plastic in waste mushroom packet
Bag, separation net 128 is separated to the polybag in separator box 124 simultaneously, realizes polybag from the top of separator box 124 point
Go out, and bacterium bag can effectively enter following conveying box 125, it is achieved thereby that effectively dividing to the polybag in waste mushroom packet
As shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, stirring installation for fermenting 130 include stirring motor 131, rabbling mechanism 132, fermenting case 133,
Heating arrangements 134；The stirring motor 131 is arranged at the top of fermenting case 133, and rabbling mechanism 132 is arranged at fermenting case 133
Interior, stirring motor 131 drives the top of rabbling mechanism 132, fermenting case 133 to be provided with fermentation entrance 135, the bottom of fermenting case 133
Fermentation outlet 136 is provided with, the heating arrangements 134 include conduction oil oil return box 1341, oil inlet pipe 1342, oil return pipe 1343 and four
Individual heating chamber 1344, four heating chambers 1344 are arranged at the bottom of fermenting case 133, and conduction oil oil return box 1341 is arranged at hair
The top of ferment case 133, is respectively equipped with heating coil 1345 in the heating chamber 1344, and the one of oil inlet pipe 1342 and oil return pipe 1343
End difference four heating chambers 1344 in parallel, the other end is connected in conduction oil oil return box 1341, conduction oil oil return box 1341 and returned respectively
The height of oil pipe 1343 is higher than oil inlet pipe 1342.
The outer cladding of fermenting case 133 setting asbestos heat-insulation layer 137 realizes the insulation to fermenting case 133, the bottom of fermenting case 133
It is provided with fixing leg 138.
Rabbling mechanism 132 includes rotary shaft 1321 and three stirring parts, and three stirring parts are along the circumferencial direction of rotary shaft 1321
It is uniformly arranged, each stirring parts includes transverse bar 1322, longitudinal rod 1323 and bottom bar 1324, the rotary shaft 1321 and stirring electricity
Machine 131 is connected, and one end of the transverse bar 1322 is horizontally fixed in rotary shaft 1321, and the other end is hanging and apart from fermenting case
133 2~3cm of inner side, the head end of longitudinal rod 1323 is perpendicularly fixed on transverse bar 1322, the end connection bottom of longitudinal rod 1323
Bar 1324, the bottom bar 1324 is parallel with transverse bar 1322, and one end of bottom bar 1324 is fixed on longitudinal rod 1323, and the other end hangs
It is empty and apart from the 2~3cm of inner side of fermenting case 133, the 2~3cm of bottom of the end of longitudinal rod 1323 apart from fermenting case 133.
Bacterium bag, broiler chicken excrement and ferment that conveyer 110 separates bacterium bag outlet 1251 in bacterium bag separator 120
Element expands the fermentation entrance 135 that bacterium is transported to stirring installation for fermenting 130 jointly, and stirring installation for fermenting 130 realizes stirring, hair
Ferment, heating, sterilized common function.Under the effect of rabbling mechanism 132, the abundant fermentation of material can be realized, effectively stirring.Hair
Ferment exports 136 material out, and being transported to heap fermentation area by conveyer 110 carries out heap fermentation.
As shown in figure 8, screening machine feed device 140 includes feeding funnel 141 and conveying mechanism 142, the conveying mechanism 142
Including be arranged in rotary shafts the first belt drive 1421, the second belt drive 1422, first tighten roller 1423,
Two tighten roller 1424, the first live-roller 1425, the second live-roller 1426, feeding belt 1427, first belt drive 1421
Driving wheel connection driving motor, the driving wheel of the driven pulley of the first belt drive 1421 and the second belt drive 1422 is same
Axle is driven, and the driven pulley of the second belt pulley and second tightens the coaxial transmission of roller 1424, and feeding belt 1427 sequentially passes through the first transmission
Roller 1425, second are tightened roller 1424, first tighten the live-roller 1426 of roller 1423 and second and be then return to the structure of the first live-roller 1425
Into a circulation, the first live-roller 1425 is higher than the second live-roller 1426, and feeding funnel 141 is arranged on the second live-roller 1426；
As shown in Fig. 9, Figure 10 and Figure 11, feeding funnel 141 is the box body of opening upwards, the section of the box body be it is trapezoidal,
Discharging opening 1411 is opened up on a trapezoidal hypotenuse, the width of the discharging opening 1411 is less than feeding belt 1427, discharging opening
1411 height is the 1/2~1/3 of width.
As shown in Figure 12, Figure 13 and Figure 14, first tighten roller 1423 and second tighten roller 1424 be respectively arranged at two ends with tune
Tight device 143, the tightening device 143 includes adjusting screw rod 1431, support column 1432 and adjusting base 1433, the regulation bottom
Seat 1433 opens up groove 1434 along its length, and described first tightens roller 1423 and the second two ends for tightening roller 1424 pass through respectively
Bolt 1435 and nut 1436 are fixed in the groove 1434 of adjusting base 1433, and the head of the bolt 1435 is more than groove
1434 width, support column 1432 is fixed on adjusting base 1433, and the head end of adjusting screw rod 1431 is supported through support column 1432
Lean against first and tighten the end that roller 1423 or the second tightens roller 1424.Because conveying mechanism 142 is more long, feeding belt 1427 holds very much
Easily release, setting tightening device 143 on roller is tightened using two, once feeding belt 1427 is lax, just tighten adjusting screw rod 1431
Move horizontally on adjusting base 1,433 first and tighten roller 1423 and second and tighten roller 1424, so as to realize the tight of feeding belt 1427
It is taut.
Material is after sterilized fermentation is stirred in stirring installation for fermenting 130, then carries out heap fermentation, and heap fermentation is needed after terminating
Feeding to screening machine 150 is wanted, material is delivered to by feeding funnel 141 by conveyer 110 first, what is set in feeding funnel 141 goes out
Material mouth 1411 ensure that in the feeding process of conveying mechanism 142 material on whole feeding belt 1427 is uniform, will not be gone out
Existing one section of more one section of less situation.
As shown in figure 15, screening machine 150 includes screening frame 151, screening motor 152, screening rotating shaft 153, screening rotating cylinder
154th, dust outlet 155 and impurities outlet 156；The screening motor 152 is fixed in screening frame 151, and screening motor 152 drives
Screening rotating shaft 153, the two supports of screening rotating shaft 153 in screening frame 151, dust outlet 155 be arranged at screening rotating cylinder 154 it
Under, the section for screening rotating cylinder 154 is isosceles trapezoid, the center line of isosceles trapezoid line high is overlap with screening rotating shaft 153, and material enters
Mouth is located at the base long of isosceles trapezoid, and impurities outlet 156 is located at the short base of isosceles trapezoid.The drift angle of isosceles trapezoid is 93
~95 °, the aperture for screening rotating cylinder 154 is 0.5cm.
Material is sent into screening machine 150 by screening machine feed device 140, and screening machine 150 screens out material of the particle diameter more than 0.5cm
And impurity, while material and impurity that the screening rotating cylinder 154 of design can be by particle diameter more than 0.5cm are transported to shorter one end, from
Impurities outlet 156 is sent out, and material of the particle diameter less than 0.5cm can enter dust outlet 155 hence into conveyer 110,
Comminutor 160 is sent to by conveyer 110 again, is granulated, obtain organic fertilizer.