CN104306102A - Head wearing type vision auxiliary system for patients with vision disorder - Google Patents

Head wearing type vision auxiliary system for patients with vision disorder Download PDF

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CN104306102A
CN104306102A CN201410531536.6A CN201410531536A CN104306102A CN 104306102 A CN104306102 A CN 104306102A CN 201410531536 A CN201410531536 A CN 201410531536A CN 104306102 A CN104306102 A CN 104306102A
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image
head
display panel
vision
display
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CN201410531536.6A
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CN104306102B (en
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杨小康
翟广涛
李铎
闵雄阔
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上海交通大学
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F9/00Methods or devices for treatment of the eyes; Devices for putting-in contact lenses; Devices to correct squinting; Apparatus to guide the blind; Protective devices for the eyes, carried on the body or in the hand

Abstract

The invention provides a head wearing type vision auxiliary system for patients with vision disorder. The head wearing type vision auxiliary system comprises a head wearing type glasses bracket which is used for installing and connecting each part of the system and facilitating a user to wear, a left eye display panel and a right eye display panel which are used for respectively displaying left and right eye images, two-path image collection equipment which is used for collecting the images according to the visual angle of human eyes, various sensors which are used for detecting the external environment and glasses states; a data processing center which is used for overall control of the system, image collection, processing and projection display, reception and processing of data of the sensors and implementation of related image processing algorithms, a matched image processing program which is designed for the patients with vision disorder and used for enhancing the vision of the patients, and a training and rehabilitation program which is designed for treating different vision diseases. The system provided by the invention can be used for collecting reality scenes in real time, and processing the collected images, the images are displayed in a method which is more accepted by the patients with vision disorder and the aim of vision assisting is fulfilled.

Description

针对视觉障碍患者的头戴式视觉辅助系统 The head-mounted visual aid system for visually impaired patients

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及视觉辅助技术领域,具体地,涉及一种针对视觉障碍患者的头戴式视觉辅助系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to a visual aid technical field, particularly, to a head-mounted visual assistance system for visually impaired patients.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 视觉障碍,亦称“视力残疾”、“视觉缺陷”、“视力损伤”,是指由各种原因导致视觉器官(包括眼球、眼神经)及大脑视神经中枢的构造或功能发生部分或全部障碍,表现为双眼不同程度的视力损伤或视野缩小,而难以做到一般人所能从事的工作、学习和其他活动,以致限制或阻碍了根据其年龄、性别、社会与文化条件能发挥的正常作用。 [0002] visual impairment, also known as "visual disability", "visual defect", "vision impairment" refers to the organ of vision from all causes (including the eye, via eye) view of the brain and central nervous structure or function generating portion, or all disorder, manifested as impairment of vision or binocular vision in varying degrees of narrowing, but difficult to do ordinary people can engage in work, study and other activities, so as to restrict or hinder according to their age, gender, social and cultural conditions can play normal effect.

[0003] 根据世界卫生组织的估计,全世界有盲人4000万到4500万,低视力人口是盲人的3倍,约为1.4亿人。 [0003] According to the World Health Organization, worldwide there are 40 million to 45 million blind and low vision population is three times the blind, about 1.4 million people. 我国8300多万残疾人中,视力残疾人1233万,盲人约500万,低视力人口约710万,是世界上盲人和低视力人口最多的国家之一。 Our more than 8300 million people with disabilities, the visually impaired 12,330,000, about 5 million blind people, low vision population of about 7.1 million, is blind and low vision in one of the most populous countries in the world. 如何解决他们正常学习、工作和生活问题成为社会关注的焦点。 How to solve their normal learning, work and life issues become the focus of attention.

[0004] 视觉障碍是由于先天或者后天原因致使视觉系统部分或全部丧失功能,以致无法对外界事物进行准确辨识。 [0004] visual impairment due to congenital or acquired causes of the loss of some or all of the visual system functions, making it impossible to accurately identify the external things. 依据相关规定,视觉未达0.3,或视野在20°以内者即为视觉障碍。 According to the relevant regulations, the visual less than 0.3, or less than 20 ° field of view is the visually impaired person. 根据障碍程度不同,视觉障碍可以分为两类:两眼视力测定值在0.03以上未达0.3或其视野在20°以内为弱视;两眼视力测定值未达0.03为全盲。 Depending on the degree of disorder, visual disorder may be divided into two categories: the binocular visual acuity measured value less than 0.3 or less than 0.03 in the field of view 20 ° amblyopia; binocular visual acuity measured value less than 0.03 for the blind. 弱视人群通常可以利用视觉进行日常生活,但是在视物方面有一定障碍,一般需要借助光学辅助设备或特殊放大设备来观察事物。 Normally sighted people can use visual daily life, but there are certain obstacles to vision to see things typically require auxiliary equipment or by means of special optical amplifying device. 但是弱视本身也有极大不同:既有缺乏立体感的,对光线敏感的,无法辨识色彩的,也有视野过于狭窄的。 But amblyopia itself much different: both the lack of three-dimensional, sensitivity to light, and does not recognize color, but also the field of view is too narrow. 所以需要的光学辅助设备或特殊放大设备也有极大不同。 It is necessary auxiliary equipment or special optical amplifying apparatus is also much different. 全盲人群则完全不能依赖视觉进行日常生活,通常只能采取替代方式进行日常生活。 The whole group is totally blind can not rely on visual daily life, usually only take an alternative approach to everyday life. 例如,利用触觉辅助设备、听觉辅助设备和其它类型辅助设备来替代视觉。 For example, a tactile aid, hearing aid devices, and other types of auxiliary equipment instead of a visual. 可以说,视觉障碍人群需要的辅助技术和设备是最多的。 It can be said, assistive technology devices and visually impaired people need the most. 大多数信息无障碍技术和设备都可以应用于视觉障碍人群。 Most information accessible technology and equipment can be applied to visually impaired persons. 几乎所有的视力残疾人都可以通过辅助器具补偿功能,不同程度地提高生活质量,参与社会生活。 Almost all of the visually impaired are available through aid compensation, to varying degrees, to improve the quality of life and participation in society. 然而,第二次抽样调查显示,我国的视力残疾人中获得辅助器具服务的仅占7.97% ;其中城市14.49%,农村5.82%。 However, the second sample survey shows that China's visually impaired in obtaining assistive devices and services accounted for only 7.97%; 14.49% in urban and rural 5.82%.

[0005] 视觉障碍辅助器具可分为视觉性和非视觉性器具两大类: [0005] aid the visually impaired can be divided into visual and non-visual appliances into two categories:

[0006] 视觉性辅具是指可以通过视觉途径帮助视障者提高视觉能力的设备或装置,又分为光学、非光学、电子助视器三类。 [0006] refers to visual aids to help visually impaired visual way or the means to improve the visual ability of the equipment, divided into optical, non-optical, electronic vision aid categories. 光学助视器比较常见,有手持、立式放大镜,眼镜式、单筒、双筒望远镜等。 The more common optical visual aids, hand-held, stand magnifier, glasses type, monocular, binoculars. 光学助视器具有容易使用、携带方便、价格低等特点,也是低视力患者使用的主要助视器具;但它也存在一些使用上的局限性,如放大倍数低,阅读范围小,长期使用会引起姿势不良,会受到光源的影响等。 Optical vision aid with easy to use, portable, low prices but also low vision patients vision aids mainly used; but it also has some limitations on the use of such gain is low, a small reading range, long-term use caused by poor posture and is affected by the light source and the like. 非光学助视器,指通过改善周围的环境来提高视觉效果。 The non-optical visual aids, means to improve the visual effect by improving the surrounding environment. 如:放大的印刷品以改变阅读物的大小,高强度的照射器以增加对比度,高对比度的物件以利于局部物品的区分等。 Such as: an enlarged print size to change the reading material, high-intensity illuminator to increase the contrast, a high contrast object to facilitate the distinction between local articles and the like. 电子助视器是一种电子视讯装置,能将阅读的文件、图片、观察的物品等通过摄影镜头,将影像传送到屏幕上供使用者浏览。 Electronic visual aids is an electronic video device, able to read documents, pictures, articles, etc. observed by camera lens, to transfer images to a screen for viewing. 电子助视器种类丰富,包括:看远的、看近的(放大)、近远两用的,口袋型的、便携式的等。 Electronic typoscope variety, comprising: a look too far to see near (amplification), dual-use near and far, pocket, portable, and the like. 其特点是放大倍率、亮度、对比度等便于调整,能避免眩光的产生;有反白、半彩等多种显示模式;符合人体工学设计,可提供较大工作空间等。 Characterized magnification, brightness, contrast, easy to adjust, to avoid glare; highlighted a variety of display modes, and other semi-color; ergonomically designed to provide a larger working space.

[0007] 非视觉助视器,指充分利用视觉以外的功能,如听觉、触觉等功能来弥补视觉功能的缺陷从而提高视障者生存质量的辅助器具,涉及到视觉障碍者生活、工作、学习、娱乐等的方方面面。 [0007] non-visual visual aids, refers to the full use of functions other than vision, such as auditory, tactile and other features to make up for deficiencies of visual function thereby improving the visually impaired aids the quality of life, involving visually impaired live, work, study , entertainment and other aspects. 例如:用于日常生活的盲用手机和电话、发声钟表;用于出行的盲杖、盲道;用于学习交流的盲文、点显器、有声读物、各种读屏软件等。 For example: for the daily life of blind and using a mobile phone call, sounding watch; for travel cane, Blind; for Braille learning exchange, points displayer, audio books, a variety of screen reader software. 这类辅具,全盲的患者使用较多。 Such aids, using the patient totally blind more.

[0008] 综上所述,不同视觉障碍人群需要的辅助技术和设备也各有不同。 [0008] In summary, assistive technology and equipment needs of people of different visual impairments are also different. 现有的种类繁杂的视觉障碍辅助器具有功能单一、可扩展性差等特点,不符合易用、适用、简单便携、可扩展等原则。 Existing types of complex visual aid with a single function disorders, poor scalability features, ease of use does not comply with, applicable, simple and portable, scalable principles.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0009] 针对现有技术中的缺陷,本发明的目的是提供一种针对视觉障碍患者的头戴式视觉辅助系统,该系统可实时地采集现实场景,对采集到的图像进行处理并以视觉障碍患者更能接受的方式显示,提高视觉障碍患者获取视觉信息的能力,达到辅助视觉的目的。 [0009] For the prior art drawbacks, an object of the present invention is to provide a head-mounted visual aid system for visually impaired patients, the system may capture the real scene in real time, the collected image processing and visual disorders show a more acceptable way, improve the ability to visually impaired patients to obtain visual information, the purpose of visual aids.

[0010] 为实现以上目的,本发明提供一种针对视觉障碍患者的头戴式视觉辅助系统,包括: [0010] To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a head mounted for visually impaired patients visual assistance system, comprising:

[0011] 头戴式眼镜支架,用于安装及连接系统的各个部件以及方便用户佩戴; [0011] The head-mounted eyeglass holder, and mounting for various components and to facilitate connection system worn by a user;

[0012] 显示面板,嵌入在头戴式眼镜支架的镜框上,用于显示图像; [0012] The display panel embedded in the head mounted on the frame of the glasses holder, for displaying an image;

[0013] 图像采集设备,设置在头戴式眼镜支架上; [0013] The image pickup device disposed on a head-mounted eyeglass holder;

[0014] 多个传感器,用于检测外部信息和眼镜所处状态并将信号传输给数据处理中心; [0014] a plurality of sensors for detecting external information, and the state in which the glasses and transmits a signal to the data processing center;

[0015] 数据处理中心,所述数据处理中心用于系统的总体控制,包括图像采集设备的图像的采集、处理及显示面板的显示,传感器数据的接受和处理;其中的图像处理通过图像处理模块实现,该图像处理模块实时地从图像采集设备采集图像,并对采集的图像进行处理,针对视觉障碍患者的不同病患类型,利用图像处理及机器视觉算法对图像进行处理,将处理后的图像以视觉障碍患者更能接受的形式进行实时显示,从而达到视觉辅助的目的。 [0015] The data processing center, the overall control system for a data processing center, including acquisition, processing and display panel, accept and process the sensor data of the image of the image capture device; wherein the image processing by the image processing module achieved, the image processing module in real time from the image pickup image capture device, image capture and processing for different patient types of visual disorders, the image processing by the image processing and machine vision algorithm, the processed image visual disorders real-time display more acceptable form, so as to achieve the purpose of visual aids.

[0016] 优选地,所述系统的显示是双眼显示或单眼显示;所述图像采集设备是双通道采集或单通道采集;如果是单眼、单通道,所述显示面板、图像采集设备都只需要一路。 [0016] Preferably the display, the display system is a binocular or monocular display; the image acquisition device is a double or single acquisition channel acquisition; if monocular, single channel, the display panel, the image capture device only needs all the way.

[0017] 进一步的,如果是双眼、双通道,所述显示面板、图像采集设备则为左右两路,即:所述显示面板包括: [0017] Further, if both eyes, two-channel, around the display panel, compared with two image acquisition device, namely: the display panel comprises:

[0018] 左眼显示面板,嵌入在头戴式眼镜支架的左眼镜框上,用于显示左眼图像; [0018] The left-eye display panel, embedded in the head-mounted eye glasses frame stent, for displaying a left eye image;

[0019] 右眼显示面板,嵌入在头戴式眼镜支架的右眼镜框上,用于显示右眼图像; [0019] The right-eye display panel, fitted on the right eye glasses frame head mount bracket for displaying a right eye image;

[0020] 所述双路图像采集设备,由两个微型摄像头组成,分布在头戴式眼镜支架的左右两侧。 [0020] The dual image capture device, a micro-camera composed of two, left and right sides of the distribution head-mounted eyeglass holder.

[0021] 优选地,所述系统的显示方式为投影式或非投影式;如果采用投影式显示,所述系统还包括投影装置,投影装置投影在显示面板上,在人眼前方一定距离形成虚拟的图像;所述投影装置为一路或者左右两路;如果采用非投影式显示方式,图像直接显示在显示面板的屏幕上。 Display [0021] Preferably, the system is a projection or projection; if a projection display, the system further includes a projection means, the projection means is projected on a display panel, in the sight of the virtual square is formed at a distance image; said projection means into one or about two; If a non-projection display mode, the screen image is directly displayed on the display panel.

[0022] 更优选地,所述非投影式显示方式的显示面板可以是高清液晶显示屏,也可以是LED点阵显示器,显示器的选择根据患者的病患实际情况来调整。 [0022] More preferably, the non-projection-type display panel can display high-definition LCD display may be an LED dot matrix display, a display of selected patients adjusted according to the actual situation of the patient.

[0023] 更优选地,如果采用投影式显示方式显示面板采用可穿透式,投影在显示面板上形成的图像与现实场景叠加达到视觉改善的效果。 [0023] More preferably, if the projection display using the display panel may be a transmissive, real scene projected image formed on the display panel superimposed achieve improved visual effect.

[0024] 优选地,所述系统的显示可以是双眼也可以是单眼;图像采集设备可以是双通道采集也可以是单通道采集。 [0024] Preferably, the display system may be a monocular eyes; image acquisition device may be a dual-channel acquisition may be a single channel acquisition.

[0025] 优选地,所述的双路图像采集设备以人眼的视角分别采集左、右眼看到的现实场景,经过所述数据处理中心处理后实时地投影到所述左、右显示面板上。 [0025] Preferably, the dual image acquisition device to capture of the human eye, respectively left and right eyes see a real scene, after the real time processing data processing center projected to the left and right on the display panel .

[0026] 优选地,所述的数据处理中心图像处理算法根据所需功能不同,而有不同的设定;针对不同的患者有不同的图像处理算法与之对应。 [0026] Preferably, the data processing center image processing algorithms depending on the desired functionality, but have different settings; different corresponding image processing algorithms for different patients.

[0027] 与现有技术相比,本发明具有如下的有益效果: [0027] Compared with the prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:

[0028] 本发明为可穿戴式设备,具有简单便携、易扩展等优点,可以让视觉障碍患者在日常生活中使用;同时,采用了智能控制器,除了视觉辅助功能外,还可以拥有智能设备的其他功能;此外,本发明所公开的硬件可以作为一个视觉障碍辅助器具平台,对于不同类型及不同程度的视觉障碍,可以针对性地设计配套的图像处理程序,达到辅助与增强视觉的目的。 [0028] The present invention is a wearable device, having a simple, portable, easy to expand, etc., can use the visual disorder in daily life; the same time, using the intelligent controller, in addition to the function of visual aids, can also have intelligent devices other features; Furthermore, the present invention is disclosed hardware may aid the visually impaired as a platform for different types and different degrees of visual impairment can be specifically design supporting an image processing program, the purpose of reinforcing the visual aid. 同时对于不同类型及不同程度的视觉障碍,可以针对性地设计配套的程序,用于相应视觉障碍的治疗与康复训练。 At the same time for different types and varying degrees of visual impairment, it can be targeted to supporting the design of programs for the treatment and rehabilitation respective visual impairment.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0029] 通过阅读参照以下附图对非限制性实施例所作的详细描述,本发明的其它特征、目的和优点将会变得更明显: [0029] By reading the following detailed description of non-limiting embodiments given with reference to the following figures, other features of the present invention, objects and advantages will become more apparent:

[0030] 图1为本发明一较优实施例的结构示意图; [0030] FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the invention a Jiaoyou;

[0031] 图2为本发明一较优实施例的工作原理框图; [0031] Figure 2 a block diagram of the working of the preferred embodiment of the present invention;

[0032] 图3为本发明一实施例以弱视为例的效果图;其中:图(a)为摄像头采集到的现实场景图片,图(b)为经过图像处理(图像放大)后投影显示的图片。 [0032] In view of FIG. 3 results in a Case amblyopia embodiment of the invention; in which: FIG. (A) is captured by the camera to the real scene image, view (b) of after image processing (image magnification) of the projection display image.

[0033] 图中:1为头戴式眼镜支架,2为左眼眼镜镜片,3为左眼显示面板,4为左眼投影装置;5为右眼眼镜镜片,6为右眼显示面板,7为右眼投影装置,8为双路图像采集设备,9为数据处理中心,10为双路图像采集设备采集到的现实场景图片,11为经过处理后投影显示的图片,12、13为传感器。 [0033] FIG: 1 is a head-mounted eyeglass holder, left eye spectacle lens 2, the display panel 3 to the left, is the left-eye projection unit 4; 5 is a right-eye glass lens, the right-eye display panel 6, 7 for the right-eye projection means 8 are dual image acquisition device, the data processing center 9, 10 for the dual image acquisition device to capture the real scene image, image 11 is projected and displayed after treatment, 12 and 13 sensors.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0034] 下面结合具体实施例对本发明进行详细说明。 Specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail [0034] below in conjunction. 以下实施例将有助于本领域的技术人员进一步理解本发明,但不以任何形式限制本发明。 The following examples will assist those skilled in the art a further understanding of the invention, but do not limit the present invention in any way. 应当指出的是,对本领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明构思的前提下,还可以做出若干变形和改进。 It should be noted that one of ordinary skill in the art, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, further modifications and changes may be made. 这些都属于本发明的保护范围。 All these fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0035] 如图1所示,为本发明一较优实施例的针对视觉障碍患者的头戴式视觉辅助系统结构示意图,图中:头戴式眼镜支架1、左眼眼镜镜片2、左眼显示面板3、左眼投影装置4、右眼眼镜镜片5、右眼显示面板6、右眼投影装置7、双路图像采集设备8、数据处理中心9、传感器12,13,其中: The head-mounted eyeglass holder 1, the left-eye spectacle lens 2, the left-eye: [0035] 1, a schematic view of the present Jiaoyou a head-mounted visual assistance system architecture for an embodiment of a visual disorders, the invention of FIG. The display panel 3, the left-eye projection unit 4, the right-eye spectacle lens 5, the right-eye display panel 6, the right-eye projection unit 7, dual image acquisition device 8, a data processing center 9, sensors 12, 13, wherein:

[0036] 所述的头戴式眼镜支架1用于安装、连接和固定系统的各个部件,以及方便用户佩戴; [0036] The head-mounted eyeglass holder for mounting a connecting member and the respective fixing system, and the user to wear;

[0037] 所述的左眼眼镜镜片2和所述的右眼眼镜镜片5用于分别固定左眼显示面板3和右眼显示面板6,左眼眼镜镜片2和右眼眼镜镜片5为可穿透式的,用户除了可以看到投影显示的画面之外还可以透过镜片看到现实场景; Eye spectacle lens [0037] 2 and the right-eye of the spectacle lens 5 are fixed to the left-eye and right-eye display panel 3 display panel 6, the left-eye and right-eye spectacle lens 2 is to wear the spectacle lens 5 through type, in addition to the user you can also see the projection display screen reality scene can be seen through the lens;

[0038] 所述的左眼显示面板3和所述的右眼显示面板6,如果采用投射显示方式,投影设备以一定的角度和距离嵌入在透明的眼镜镜片中,该显示面板也是可穿透式的,投影显示的虚拟图像和透过镜片看到的显示场景是叠加的;如果采用非投影显示方式,显示的图像为实像; Eye [0038] The display panel 3 and the right-eye display panel of claim 6, if the projection display, projection device at a certain angle and distance are embedded in a transparent spectacle lens, the display panel is penetrable type, and a virtual image seen through the lens of the projection display to display the scene is superimposed; if non-projection display, a real image of the image display;

[0039] 所述的左眼投影装置4和所述的右眼投影装置7分别与左眼显示面板3和右眼显示面板6相配合,分别向左眼显示面板3和右眼显示面板6投影图像,在人眼前方形成一幅虚拟图像; Eye projection apparatus [0039] according to claim 4 and 7, respectively, and the right-eye projection apparatus display panel 3 and the right-eye display panel 6 cooperate, respectively, display panel 3 to the left eye and the right-eye projection display panel 6 image, forming a virtual image in front of people side;

[0040] 所述的双路图像采集设备8是两个摄像头,两个摄像头分别安装于头戴式眼镜支架I的左右两侧,可以实时地以人眼的视角分别采集左、右眼看到的现实场景并传输给数据处理中心9,经过数据处理中心9处理后再实时地分别投影到左眼显示面板3和右眼显示面板6上,形成虚拟的场景;此外,由于双路图像采集设备8是以人眼的视角进行双路的图像采集,而且采集到的左、右眼画面经过处理后分别投影到左眼显示面板3和右眼显示面板6进行显示,所以人眼看到的虚拟场景是3D场景; [0040] The dual image acquisition device 8 are two cameras, two cameras are mounted on the left and right head-mounted eyeglass holder I, may be of the human eye were collected in real time left, the right eye real scene and transmitted to the data processing center 9, the center 9 via the data processing in real time are processed and then projected to the left eye and a right eye display panel 3 on the display panel 6, forming a virtual scene; in addition, since the dual image acquisition device 8 Perspective is performed dual eye image acquisition, and the acquired left and right-eye picture after treatment were projected to the left eye and a right eye display panel 3 to display the display panel 6, the human eye to see the virtual scene is 3D scene;

[0041] 所述的数据处理中心9用于系统的总体控制,图像的采集、处理及投影显示;数据处理中心9用于系统的总体控制及各个模块的驱动。 Overall control of the data processing center [0041] of claim 9 for the system, image acquisition, processing and display projection; 9 drives the data processing center and for the overall control of the various modules.

[0042] 本实施例中,所述的数据处理中心9可以是市面上现有的处理数据处理设备,t匕如智能手机、便携电脑等,也可以是自行开发的数据处理终端,其中的图像处理算法根据所需功能不同而有不同的设定。 [0042] In this embodiment, the data processing center 9 may be a commercially available data processing apparatus processing, t dagger such as smart phones, portable computers and the like, may be developed in the data processing terminal, wherein the image processing algorithms depending on the desired function and have different settings. 比如数据处理中心9除了针对色盲患者的图像矫正和标定任务外,还可以有智能设备所具备的其他功能。 Such as data processing centers and 9 in addition to the image correction for calibration tasks Semanghuanzhe, other functions may also be included in the intelligent device.

[0043] 本实施例中,所述的数据处理中心9可以通过数据线与眼镜连接,也可以直接以无线方式与眼镜连接。 [0043] In this embodiment, the data processing center via a data line 9 may be connected with the glasses, can be directly connected in a wireless manner with the glasses.

[0044] 本实施例中,所述的传感器12、13用于检测外部信息和眼镜所处状态并将信号传输给数据处理中心;包括红外传感器,加速度计,陀螺仪等各种传感器,它们各自将采集到的数据传给数据处理中心9,图像处理及机器视觉算法会利用这些数据进行分析。 [0044] In this embodiment, the sensors 12, 13 for external information and the state in which the glasses detects and transmits a signal to the data processing center; includes an infrared sensor, an accelerometer, a gyroscope and other sensors, each of which the collected data to the data processing center 9, the image processing and machine vision algorithm uses the data to be analyzed. 其中,红外传感器用于采集红外信号,以用于可能的夜间视野探测、或者用于障碍物距离检测;加速度计和陀螺仪分别采集眼镜的各个方向加速度以及角度。 Wherein the infrared sensor for acquiring an infrared signal for detecting the possible visibility at night, or for obstacle detection distance; accelerometers and gyroscopes were collected from each direction of acceleration and the angle of the glasses. 通过分析这些传感器采集的数据,数据处理中心可以对将要显示的图像做出相应的处理。 By analyzing the data collected by these sensors, the data processing center can make the appropriate processing of the image to be displayed.

[0045] 本实施例所述系统的主要功能是为视觉障碍患者提供一个视觉辅助的系统,该系统不仅可以对不同的视觉病症有不同的视觉增强效果,让患者在生活中依靠该仪器的辅助提高视觉,而且在数据处理中心中可以对症地设计出不同的纠正和治疗的程序,让患者在练习的过程中改善其自身的视觉能力。 [0045] The main function of the present embodiment is a system embodiment of the system to provide a visual aid for the visually impaired patient, the system may not only have different visual enhancements different visual disorder, the patient relying on the auxiliary instrument life improve vision, but also in data processing centers may be symptomatic of a different design program and correct treatment, so that patients improve their visual ability in the course of practice.

[0046] 本实施例所述系统除了以上所述的实体部件外,还包含配套的针对视觉障碍患者设计的图像处理模块。 The image processing module designed patients [0046] The system of the present embodiment for visual entity embodiment except the above-described member, further comprising supporting the disorder. 本模块从双路图像采集设备8实时地采集图像,传输到数据处理中心9后利用图像处理模块对采集的图像进行处理,针对不同的视觉障碍患者,利用相应的图像处理及机器视觉算法对图像进行处理,再将更加直观的视觉障碍患者更能接受的图像进行投影显示,视觉障碍患者可以通过本系统观看处理后的图像,从而达到辅助视觉的目的。 This module collects image capture device 8 from the dual image in real time, transmitted to the data processing center 9 After the acquired image is processed by the image processing module, for different visual disorders, using a corresponding image processing and machine vision algorithm to the image treated patients more acceptable then a more intuitive image projection display visually impaired, visual disorders processed image can be viewed through the system to achieve the purpose of visual aids. 具体的: specific:

[0047] 针对夜盲症患者,通过提高对比敏感度,增加患者夜间视觉; [0047] For patients with night blindness, by improving contrast sensitivity, night vision patients increased;

[0048] 针对年龄相关性黄斑变性、中心性浆液性视网膜病,白内障等视物变形的患者,通过图像变形反而使患者产生正常的图像,比如在眼镜里显示网格图,让患者自行调整,使每条线都是直线(其实调整后正常人看到是弯曲的线),然后通过图像处理让摄像机捕捉的图像产生同样的形变; [0048] For patients with age-related macular degeneration, central serous retinopathy, cataract visual distortion by the image deformation but so that patients have a normal image, such as displayed in the grid map the glasses, so that the patient self-adjusting, so that each line is a straight line (in fact, is adjusted to see the normal curved line), then by processing the image captured by the camera so that the image generation same strain;

[0049] 针对红绿色盲患者,让计算机将红色和绿色改变为患者能区别的颜色,如黄蓝两色; [0049] For patients with color blindness, red and green allow the computer to change the patient can distinguish colors, such as yellow and blue;

[0050] 针对高度近视等的低视力患者,让计算机能将图像放大,方便阅读; [0050] for low-vision patients with high myopia, etc., so that the computer can magnify images, easy to read;

[0051] 对于运动物体增加对比度并发声提示,让病人有所警觉等; [0051] For moving objects to increase the contrast and audible prompts, allow patients to be alert and so on;

[0052] 针对其他病症引起的视觉障碍,使用相应的算法,改善或者治疗患者的视力。 [0052] For visual impairments caused by other conditions, the use of appropriate algorithms, improve or treat the patient's vision.

[0053] 还有其他的病患以及对应的图像处理方法在此不一一列举,改变图像处理算法并不影响本系统的实质。 [0053] There are other patients and the corresponding image processing method not enumerated herein, to change the image processing algorithm does not affect the essence of the present system. 图像处理的算法可以采用现有技术,也可以采用为了适应本视觉辅助系统而创新的算法。 The image processing algorithm may be employed prior art, in order to meet present and innovative visual assistance system algorithm may be employed.

[0054] 如图2所示,为系统的工作原理框图,工作流程包括如下步骤: [0054] 2, the block diagram for the operation of the system, the workflow comprising the steps of:

[0055] 一、图像采集 [0055] First, the image acquisition

[0056] 该部分由双路图像采集设备8的两个摄像头完成,左、右两路摄像头分别以人眼的视角采集现实场景的图像,摄像头采集到的现实场景图片10以视频流的形式传输至数据处理中心9 ; [0056] The portion of the dual image pickup device having two cameras is completed. 8, left and right two cameras respectively of the human eye acquired real images of a scene, the camera collects the real scene images 10 transmitted in the form of a video stream 9 to the data processing center;

[0057] 二、图像处理 [0057] Second, the image processing

[0058] 该部分由系统的数据处理中心9完成,数据处理中心9利用相关的图像处理算法对从双路图像采集设备8采集到的图像进行特定的处理,如:放大、增强、颜色校正等;该步骤中需要利用图像处理及机器视觉相关算法;本系统对相关的图像处理算法性能要求较高,要求能够达到实时性的要求,所以在进行图像处理算法设计时要考虑到实时性的问题,不能采用复杂度过高、无法满足实时要求的算法;如果有一些较为复杂的算法也要针对本系统做出相应的简化或者创新,以使算法更好地配合本系统。 [0058] The center section is completed by a data processing system 9, a data processing center 9 Dual collected from the image pickup device 8 to a specific image processing using an image processing related algorithms, such as: amplification, enhancement, color correction and the like ; this step need to use machine vision and image processing related algorithms; the present system performance-related image processing algorithms require a higher required to achieve real-time requirements, the image processing algorithm to take into account when designing real-time problem , can not use high complexity, can not meet the requirements of real-time algorithm; if there are some complex algorithms have to make the appropriate simplify the system for innovation or to enable the algorithm to better fit the system. 图像处理的算法可以采用现有技术,也可以采用为了适应本视觉辅助系统而创新的算法。 The image processing algorithm may be employed prior art, in order to meet present and innovative visual assistance system algorithm may be employed. 对双路图像采集设备8采集到的图像实时地进行处理,再分别传输至左眼显示面板3和右眼显示面板6 ; Dual image acquisition device 8 on the collected image processing in real time, and then transmitted to the left eye and a right eye display panel 3 display panel 6, respectively;

[0059] 三、投影显示(对于透射式显示方法)或利用显示屏显示(对于非投射式显示方式), [0059] Third, the projection display (transmissive display method for) using a screen or display (for non-projection-type display),

[0060] 本发明系统的显示方式可以是投影式,也可以是非投影式。 [0060] The display mode of the present invention may be a projection system, may be non-projection. 如果采用投影式显示,其中左右眼投影装置分别投影在左右显示面板3、6上,在人眼前方一定距离形成虚拟的图像;如果采用非投影式显示方式,其形成的是实像,但是需要在眼镜与左右显示面板3、6中间加入凸透镜使成像更清晰。 If the projection display, wherein the left and right eye projection means are projected around the display panel 3 and 6, forming a virtual image at a distance from the sight direction; if non-projection-type display mode, a real image is formed, but need glasses left and right middle of the display panel of the imaging lens added 3,6 clearer. 非投射式显示的显示面板可以是高清液晶显示屏,也可以是LED点阵显示器,显示器的选择可以根据患者的病患实际情况来调整。 The non-projection-type display panel may display high-definition LCD display may be an LED dot matrix display, the selection display may be adjusted according to the patient's actual disease. 这并不影响本系统的实质。 This does not affect the essence of the system. 具体的: specific:

[0061] 1)投影显示(对于透射式显示方法) [0061] 1) The projection display (transmissive display method for)

[0062] 该部分由左、右眼投影装置4、7和左、右眼显示面板3、6完成,左、右眼投影装置4、7将数据处理中心9传输过来的经过色盲图像校正、标定后的左、右眼画面分别投影至左、右眼显示面板3、6,使用户从左、右眼显示面板3、6上看到的画面是利用图像处理及机器视觉相关算法处理后的图像; [0062] The portion from the left and right eye projection means 4,7 and the left and right eye display panel completed 3,6, 4,7 transmitted by the data processing center to the left, the right-eye image projection apparatus 9 through achromatopsia correction, calibration after the left and right eye pictures are projected to the left, the right-eye display panel 3 and 6, so that the user left and right eye display screen seen 3,6 panel image using image processing and machine vision processing related algorithms ;

[0063] 2)利用显示屏显示(对于非投射式显示方式) [0063] 2) a display screen (display mode for the non-projection type)

[0064] 该部分由左、右显示面板3、6显示画面完成,左、右眼显示面板3、6将数据处理中心9传输过来的经过色盲图像校正、标定后的左、右眼画面分别显示,使用户从左、右显示面板3、6上看到的画面是利用图像处理及机器视觉相关算法处理后的图像。 [0064] The section of the left and right display screen of the display panel 3 and 6 is completed, the left and right eye display panel 3,6 transmitted by the data processing center 9 via the image correcting color blindness, left after calibration, respectively, the right-eye display screen , allowing users the left and right to see the display screen on the display panel 3,6 is the image using image processing and machine vision processing related algorithms.

[0065] 如图3所示,为以弱视为例的效果图,其中:图(a)为双路图像采集设备采集到的现实场景图片10,图(b)为经过相关图像处理(图像放大)后投影显示的图片11。 [0065] As shown, as an example of the effect of amblyopia in FIG, 3 in which: FIG. (A) is a dual image acquisition device to capture the real scene image 10, view (b) is processed through the relevant image (image to enlarge ) 11 pictures rear projection display.

[0066] 与传统的视觉障碍辅助器具相比,本发明为可穿戴式设备,具有简单便携、易扩展等优点,可以让视觉障碍患者在日常生活中使用;此外,本发明所公开的硬件可以作为一个视觉障碍辅助器具平台,对于不同类型及不同程度的视觉障碍,可以针对性地设计配套的图像处理程序和治疗程序,达到辅助视觉与治疗疾病的目的。 [0066] Compared with the traditional aid the visually impaired, the present invention is a wearable device, having a simple, portable, easy to expand, etc., can use the visual disorder in daily life; Furthermore, the present invention is disclosed hardware can as an aid visually impaired platform for different types and varying degrees of visual impairment, it can be targeted to supporting the design of image processing procedures and treatment procedures, the purpose of visual aids and treatment of disease.

[0067] 以上对本发明的具体实施例进行了描述。 [0067] The foregoing specific embodiments of the invention have been described. 需要理解的是,本发明并不局限于上述特定实施方式,本领域技术人员可以在权利要求的范围内做出各种变形或修改,这并不影响本发明的实质内容。 Is to be understood that the present invention is not limited to the particular embodiments, those skilled in the art can make various changes and modifications within the scope of the appended claims, this does not affect the substance of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1.一种针对视觉障碍患者的头戴式视觉辅助系统,其特征在于,包括: 头戴式眼镜支架,用于安装及连接系统的各个部件以及方便用户佩戴; 显示面板,嵌入在头戴式眼镜支架的镜框上,用于显示图像; 图像采集设备,设置在头戴式眼镜支架上; 多个传感器,用于检测外部信息和眼镜所处状态并将信号传输给数据处理中心; 数据处理中心,所述数据处理中心用于系统的总体控制,包括图像采集设备的图像的采集、处理及显示面板的显示,传感器数据的接受和处理;其中的图像处理通过图像处理模块实现,该图像处理模块实时地从图像采集设备采集图像,并对采集的图像进行处理,针对视觉障碍患者的不同病患类型,利用图像处理及机器视觉算法对图像进行处理,将处理后的图像以视觉障碍患者更能接受的形式进行实时显示,从而达到视觉辅助的 A head-mounted visual aid system for the visually impaired patient, wherein, comprising: a head-mounted eyeglass holder for mounting and connecting the various components and the system user to wear; a display panel embedded in the head mount on the frame of the glasses holder, for displaying an image; an image acquisition device disposed on a head-mounted eyeglass holder; a plurality of sensors, and glasses for external information and transmits a signal detecting the state in which the data processing center; data processing Center , the overall control system for a data processing center, including acquisition, processing and display panel, accept and process the sensor data of the image of the image capture device; wherein the image processing by the image processing module implements the image processing module real-time image processing from image capture device to capture images, and collected for different types of patients with visual disorders, the use of image processing and machine vision algorithms for image processing, the processed image to visually impaired patients better accepted form of real-time display, so as to achieve visual aids 的。 of.
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种针对视觉障碍患者的头戴式视觉辅助系统,其特征在于,所述系统的显示是双眼显示或单眼显示;所述图像采集设备是双通道采集或单通道采集;如果是单眼、单通道,所述显示面板、图像采集设备都只需要一路。 According to claim 1, one of the head-mounted visual aid system for the visually impaired patient, wherein said display system is a binocular or monocular display displaying; the image acquisition device is a single or dual-channel acquisition channel acquisition; if monocular, single channel, the display panel, the image capture device need only way.
3.根据权利要求2所述的一种针对视觉障碍患者的头戴式视觉辅助系统,其特征在于,如果是双眼、双通道,所述显示面板、图像采集设备则为左右两路,即:所述显示面板包括: 左眼显示面板,嵌入在头戴式眼镜支架的左眼镜框上,用于显示左眼图像; 右眼显示面板,嵌入在头戴式眼镜支架的右眼镜框上,用于显示右眼图像; 所述双路图像采集设备,由两个微型摄像头组成,分布在头戴式眼镜支架的左右两侧。 According to one of the claim 2, the head-mounted visual aid system for the visually impaired patient, wherein, if both eyes, two-channel, around the display panel, compared with two image acquisition device, namely: said display panel comprising: a left-eye display panel, embedded in the head-mounted eye glasses frame stent, for displaying a left eye image; right panel display, head-mounted frame fitted on the right eye glasses holder, with eye image on the display; the dual image acquisition device, consisting of two miniature camera, a head-mounted distribution of left and right sides of the glasses holder.
4.根据权利要求1所述的一种针对视觉障碍患者的头戴式视觉辅助系统,其特征在于,所述系统的显示方式为投影式或非投影式; 如果采用投影式显示,所述系统还包括投影装置,投影装置投影在显示面板上,在人眼前方一定距离形成虚拟的图像;所述投影装置为一路或者左右两路; 如果采用非投影式显示方式,图像直接显示在显示面板的屏幕上。 According to one of the claim 1, a head-mounted visual aid system for the visually impaired patient, wherein the display is a projection system or projection; if a projection display, the system further comprising a projection device, a projection means is projected on a display panel, forming a virtual image at a distance from the sight side; said projection means into one or about two; If a non-projection display mode, the image is directly displayed on the display panel on the screen.
5.根据权利要求4所述的一种针对视觉障碍患者的头戴式视觉辅助系统,其特征在于,如果采用非投影式显示方式,进一步在眼睛与显示面板中间加入凸透镜以使成像更加清晰。 5. According to one claim 4, wherein the head-mounted visual aid system for the visually impaired patient, wherein, if a non-projection type display mode, further added lens between the eyes and the display panel to make the image clearer.
6.根据权利要求5所述的一种针对视觉障碍患者的头戴式视觉辅助系统,其特征在于,所述非投影式显示方式的显示面板是高清液晶显示屏,或是[£0点阵显示器。 6. According to one of claim 5 for head-mounted visual aid visual system disorders, wherein the non-projection-type display panel is a display mode HD LCD display, or [lattice £ 0 monitor.
7.根据权利要求4所述的一种针对视觉障碍患者的头戴式视觉辅助系统,其特征在于,所述的显示面板采用可穿透式,投影在显示面板上形成的图像与现实场景叠加达到视觉改善的效果。 7. According to one of claim 4 for the head-mounted visual aid visual system disorders, wherein said transmissive display panel may be employed, with the real scene projected image formed on the display panel superimposed achieve improved visual effects.
8.根据权利要求2所述的一种针对视觉障碍患者的头戴式视觉辅助系统,其特征在于,所述的双路图像采集设备以人眼的视角分别采集左、右眼看到的现实场景,经过所述数据处理中心处理后实时地投影到所述左、右显示面板上。 According to one of the claim 2, the head-mounted visual aid system for the visually impaired patient, wherein the dual image acquisition device to capture of the human eye, respectively left and right eyes see a real scene , after the real time processing data processing center projected to the left and right on the display panel.
9.根据权利要求1-8任一项所述的一种针对视觉障碍患者的头戴式视觉辅助系统,其特征在于,所述的数据处理中心图像处理算法根据所需功能不同,而有不同的设定;针对不同的患者有不同的图像处理算法与之对应。 9. A member according to claim any one of claims 1-8 for the head-mounted visual aid visual system disorders, wherein said data processing center image processing algorithms depending on the desired functionality, but have different set; different corresponding image processing algorithms for different patients.
10.根据权利要求9所述的一种针对视觉障碍患者的头戴式视觉辅助系统,其特征在于,针对夜盲症患者,通过提高对比敏感度,增加患者夜间视觉; 针对年龄相关性黄斑变性,中心性浆液性视网膜病,白内障这些视物变形的患者,通过图像变形,使患者产生正常的图像; 针对红绿色盲患者,让计算机将红色和绿色改变为患者能区别的颜色; 针对低视力患者,让计算机能将图像放大,方便阅读; 对于运动物体增加对比度并发声提示,让病人有所警觉; 针对其他病症引起的视觉障碍,使用相应的算法,改善或者治疗患者的视力。 10. A method according to claim 9, said head-mounted visual aid system for the visually impaired patient, wherein the patient for night blindness, by increasing the contrast sensitivity, increased nocturnal vision; for age-related macular degeneration, central serous retinopathy, cataract these visual distortion by the image distortion, so that patients have a normal image; Honglvsemang for patients, allow the computer to change to red and green colors can be distinguished from a patient; for low vision patients, can let the computer image zoom, easy to read; to increase the contrast of moving objects and audible prompts, so that the patient be alert; for visual impairment caused by other conditions, the use of appropriate algorithms, improve or treat the patient's vision.
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