CN104305063A - Processing method of Chinese yam and oyster mushroom nutritional and health powder - Google Patents

Processing method of Chinese yam and oyster mushroom nutritional and health powder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104305063A
CN104305063A CN201410533736.5A CN201410533736A CN104305063A CN 104305063 A CN104305063 A CN 104305063A CN 201410533736 A CN201410533736 A CN 201410533736A CN 104305063 A CN104305063 A CN 104305063A
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China
Prior art keywords
chinese yam
flat mushroom
nutritional
mixing
processing
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Pending
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CN201410533736.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谈茁
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谈茁
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Priority to CN201410533736.5A priority Critical patent/CN104305063A/en
Publication of CN104305063A publication Critical patent/CN104305063A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L19/00Products from fruits or vegetables; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L19/01Instant products; Powders; Flakes; Granules
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L19/00Products from fruits or vegetables; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L19/10Products from fruits or vegetables; Preparation or treatment thereof of tuberous or like starch containing root crops
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L29/00Foods or foodstuffs containing additives; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L29/06Enzymes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L31/00Edible extracts or preparations of fungi; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L33/00Modifying nutritive qualities of foods; Dietetic products; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23VINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO FOODS, FOODSTUFFS OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES
    • A23V2002/00Food compositions, function of food ingredients or processes for food or foodstuffs

Abstract

The invention discloses a processing method of Chinese yam and oyster mushroom nutritional and health powder and belongs to the food processing field. The processing method is characterized by comprising the following steps: by taking Chinese yams and oyster mushrooms as main raw materials, respectively selecting Chinese yam and oyster mushrooms, treating the Chinese yam and oyster mushrooms and pulping; and mixing the pulp, carrying out enzyme treatment, homogenizing and spray-drying to obtain the nutritional powder. The nutritional powder processed by the method is comprehensive in nutritional components, good in instant solubility, pure in flavor and good in taste. After enzyme treatment, more nutritional substances can be separated out and nutritional components of oyster mushrooms and Chinese yams are combined. The product not only is rich in nutrients, helps improving metabolism of a human body and invigorating health and has the effects of purchasing wind and dispelling coldness, activating blood circulation to dissipate and relaxing tendon and activation collaterals, but also is convenient to eat and suitable for people of all ages, so that the Chinese yam and oyster mushroom nutritional and health powder has the functions of nourishing, moistening lung and tonifying Qi.

Description

A kind of processing method of Chinese yam flat mushroom nutrient health-care powder
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of processing method of nutrient powder, especially relate to a kind of processing method of Chinese yam flat mushroom nutrient health-care powder.
Background technology
Flat mushroom, belong to Agaricales, Pleurotaceae is prevailing one in daily edible mushroom.Flat mushroom cap is conchoidal, is cinerous during children, after become light grey, yellow time old; Stem side is raw, and bacterium face is flat and thin, and edge is not involute, open and flat, and lamella is careless.Meat is not older, and soft good to eat, have the fragrance of similar oyster, flat mushroom is with look white, Bai Houzhi is tender, and delicious flavour person is good.No matter flat mushroom eats element is fried or makes meat dish, all very fresh and tender tempting, and price is cheap in addition, is the good merchantable brand on common people's dining table.
The effect of flat mushroom: flat mushroom is put down, and taste is sweet, has qi-restoratives, anticancer effect, can improve human metabolism, build up health, regulates cerebral nerve; Flat mushroom contains polysaccharide body, has very strong inhibitory action, and have immunological characteristic to tumour cell; The effect that flat mushroom also has wind-evil dispelling and cold-evil expelling, stimulates the circulation of the blood and cause the muscles and joints to relax, can control the illnesss such as lumbocrural pain, numb in every limb, channels and collaterals are uncomfortable.In addition, flat mushroom has certain curative effect to hepatitis, chronic gastritis, stomach and duodenal ulcer, osteomalacia, hypertension, also has certain effect, also can play opsonic action to female dimacteric syndrome to reducing cholesterolemia and preventing and treating urethral calculus.
Chinese yam has nutritious tonifying, induce disturb element, strengthen immunity of organisms, excretion in scheduling, tonifying Qi are promoted blood circulation, kobadrin, to relieving asthma etc. and help to change, coronary artery and micro-samsara blood flow can be improved, chronic bronchitis, hat unpleasantness, angina pectoris etc. can be treated.Iron rod yam has the function of qi invigorating and lung moistening, both can cut into slices to decoct juice and work as tea-drinking, can chop up to cook congee again and drink, and has good treatment results to void cough and tuberculosis fever patient.Spring, weather was more uninteresting, and easy impariment of the lung Tianjin, causes the deficiency of Yin, and occur the illnesss such as dry, dry throat, parched lips, dry cough, Chinese yam of now nourishing is the most applicable, because Chinese yam is the product of calmness safely, for the top grade of lung is supported in enriching yin.
Fresh flat mushroom is not easily preserved, and be processed into instant after nutrient powder, solubility brew is good, and commodity value improves.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention take flat mushroom as raw material, and adopt the method processings such as raw material independently is pulverized, pulls an oar, mixed, ferment treatment, homogeneous, fully remain the nutriment in raw material, method simply, is convenient to grasp.
The present invention solves the technical scheme that its technical problem takes: a kind of processing method of Chinese yam flat mushroom nutrient health-care powder, is characterized in that: adopt following steps:
A, flat mushroom pretreatment: select the flat mushroom that mushroom body is full, have no mechanical damage, put into 0.005% sodium metabisulfite solution process 12 hours, then use clear water rinsed clean;
B, making beating: flat mushroom is carried out defibrination process, during defibrination, amount of water is 4-5 times of raw material, and with 160 object screen filtrations, gained filter residue adds 2 times of water again and carries out secondary pulping, by twice gained slurries mixing;
C, Chinese yam pretreatment: select fresh Chinese yam through cleaning, bulk is cut in peeling;
D, making beating: by the process of Chinese yam fragment defibrination, during defibrination, amount of water is 12 times of raw material, and with 180 object screen filtrations, gained filter residue adds 3 times of water again and carries out secondary pulping, by twice gained slurries mixing;
E, mixing: by the Chinese yam pulp of the flat mushroom of 82 weight portions slurry with 18 weight portions, mixing, adds a little honey, milk and flavoring rose essence, stir, obtained mixing slurry;
F, ferment treatment: amylase, cellulase are mixed with certain proportion, join in mixing slurry by the weight ratio of 5-7%, it is 48 DEG C that temperature controls, and the time is 6-7h;
G, homogeneous: by the process of mixed liquor homogeneous, temperature is 75 DEG C, and pressure is 8-15Mpa;
H, spraying dry: mixed liquor good for homogeneous is carried out spraying dry, obtain Chinese yam flat mushroom nutrient health-care powder;
After I, sterilization, inspection, packaging, make finished product.
In described step F, certain proportion is following component: amylase is 70 weight portions, cellulase is 18 weight portions.
Beneficial effect: the nutrient powder nutritional labeling that the method processes is comprehensive, and instant capacity is good, and pure flavor, mouthfeel are good, after ferment treatment, can separate out more nutriment, be combined by flat mushroom with nutritive yam composition, this product is not only nutritious, this product is conducive to improving human metabolism, build up health, the effect of have wind-evil dispelling and cold-evil expelling, promoting blood circulation, stimulating the circulation of the blood and cause the muscles and joints to relax, and instant, all-ages, can also body immunity be improved.Instant, all-ages, be the nutrient health-care powder of a kind of nutritious tonifying, moistening lung tonifying Qi.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1:
A processing method for Chinese yam flat mushroom nutrient health-care powder, mainly adopts following steps:
A, flat mushroom pretreatment: select the flat mushroom that mushroom body is full, have no mechanical damage, put into 0.01% sodium metabisulfite solution and process 2-4 hour, then use clear water rinsed clean;
B, making beating: by the process of flat mushroom defibrination, during defibrination, amount of water is 6 times of raw material, and with 90-100 object screen filtration, gained filter residue adds 3 times of water again and carries out secondary pulping, by twice gained slurries mixing;
C, Chinese yam pretreatment: select fresh Chinese yam through cleaning, bulk is cut in peeling;
D, making beating: by the process of Chinese yam fragment defibrination, during defibrination, amount of water is 6 times of raw material, and with 90-100 object screen filtration, gained filter residue adds 3-4 times of water again and carries out secondary pulping, by twice gained slurries mixing;
E, mixing: by the Chinese yam pulp of the flat mushroom of 85 weight portions slurry with 15 weight portions, mixing, then add a little stevia rebaudianum syrup, milk powder and honey, and stir, obtained mixing slurry;
F, ferment treatment: pectase, cellulase, protease are mixed with certain proportion, the weight ratio by 0.5% joins in mixing slurry, and it is 45 DEG C that temperature controls, and the time is 3h; Wherein, protease is 65-70 weight portion, cellulase is 20-25 weight portion, pectase 10-15 weight portion;
G, homogeneous: by the process of mixed liquor homogeneous, temperature is 72 DEG C, and pressure is 40Mpa;
H, spraying dry: mixed liquor good for homogeneous is carried out spraying dry, obtain Chinese yam flat mushroom nutrient health-care powder;
After I, sterilization, inspection, packaging, make finished product.
The part that the present invention does not relate to prior art that maybe can adopt all same as the prior art is realized.

Claims (2)

1. a processing method for Chinese yam flat mushroom nutrient health-care powder, is characterized in that: adopt following steps:
A, flat mushroom pretreatment: select the flat mushroom that mushroom body is full, have no mechanical damage, put into 0.005% sodium metabisulfite solution process 12 hours, then use clear water rinsed clean;
B, making beating: flat mushroom is carried out defibrination process, during defibrination, amount of water is 4-5 times of raw material, and with 160 object screen filtrations, gained filter residue adds 2 times of water again and carries out secondary pulping, by twice gained slurries mixing;
C, Chinese yam pretreatment: select fresh Chinese yam through cleaning, bulk is cut in peeling;
D, making beating: by the process of Chinese yam fragment defibrination, during defibrination, amount of water is 12 times of raw material, and with 180 object screen filtrations, gained filter residue adds 3 times of water again and carries out secondary pulping, by twice gained slurries mixing;
E, mixing: by the Chinese yam pulp of the flat mushroom of 82 weight portions slurry with 18 weight portions, mixing, adds a little honey, milk and flavoring rose essence, stir, obtained mixing slurry;
F, ferment treatment: amylase, cellulase are mixed with certain proportion, join in mixing slurry by the weight ratio of 5-7%, it is 48 DEG C that temperature controls, and the time is 6-7h;
G, homogeneous: by the process of mixed liquor homogeneous, temperature is 75 DEG C, and pressure is 8-15Mpa;
H, spraying dry: mixed liquor good for homogeneous is carried out spraying dry, obtain Chinese yam flat mushroom nutrient health-care powder;
After I, sterilization, inspection, packaging, make finished product.
2. the processing method of Chinese yam flat mushroom nutrient health-care powder according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described step F, certain proportion is following component: amylase is 70 weight portions, cellulase is 18 weight portions.
CN201410533736.5A 2014-10-11 2014-10-11 Processing method of Chinese yam and oyster mushroom nutritional and health powder Pending CN104305063A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201410533736.5A CN104305063A (en) 2014-10-11 2014-10-11 Processing method of Chinese yam and oyster mushroom nutritional and health powder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410533736.5A CN104305063A (en) 2014-10-11 2014-10-11 Processing method of Chinese yam and oyster mushroom nutritional and health powder

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104305063A true CN104305063A (en) 2015-01-28

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105341897A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-02-24 胡志荣 Preparation method for oyster mushroom purple sweet potato slices
CN105942407A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-09-21 南昌朵美生物科技有限公司 Preparation method of Chinese yam essence
CN106509855A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-03-22 崔翠 Edible fungus sugar-free nutrition powder and preparation method thereof

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5904924A (en) * 1997-11-04 1999-05-18 Oncologics, Inc. Green nutritional powder composition
CN103393043A (en) * 2013-07-20 2013-11-20 余芳 Processing method of Chinese yam and fleeceflower root nutrition powder

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5904924A (en) * 1997-11-04 1999-05-18 Oncologics, Inc. Green nutritional powder composition
CN103393043A (en) * 2013-07-20 2013-11-20 余芳 Processing method of Chinese yam and fleeceflower root nutrition powder

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105341897A (en) * 2015-11-10 2016-02-24 胡志荣 Preparation method for oyster mushroom purple sweet potato slices
CN105942407A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-09-21 南昌朵美生物科技有限公司 Preparation method of Chinese yam essence
CN105942407B (en) * 2016-04-28 2019-12-27 南昌馨朵美生物科技有限公司 Preparation method of Chinese yam essence
CN106509855A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-03-22 崔翠 Edible fungus sugar-free nutrition powder and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20150128