CN104302854B - Core, the insert blank, and the method for producing the floor panel - Google Patents

Core, the insert blank, and the method for producing the floor panel Download PDF

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CN104302854B
CN104302854B CN 201280073097 CN201280073097A CN104302854B CN 104302854 B CN104302854 B CN 104302854B CN 201280073097 CN201280073097 CN 201280073097 CN 201280073097 A CN201280073097 A CN 201280073097A CN 104302854 B CN104302854 B CN 104302854B
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material
floor panel
block
wood
equal
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CN 201280073097
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104302854A (en )
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彼得·古斯塔夫森
丹·西格弗里德森
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古斯塔夫康氏公司
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02038Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements characterised by tongue and groove connections between neighbouring flooring elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/10Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/10Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products
    • E04C2/20Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products of plastics
    • E04C2/205Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products of plastics of foamed plastics, or of plastics and foamed plastics, optionally reinforced
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/10Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products
    • E04C2/24Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products laminated and composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/12, E04C2/16, E04C2/20
    • E04C2/246Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of wood, fibres, chips, vegetable stems, or the like; of plastics; of foamed products laminated and composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/12, E04C2/16, E04C2/20 combinations of materials fully covered by E04C2/16 and E04C2/20
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/30Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure
    • E04C2/34Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure composed of two or more spaced sheet-like parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/30Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure
    • E04C2/38Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure with attached ribs, flanges, or the like, e.g. framed panels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/04Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members
    • E04F15/041Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members with a top layer of wood in combination with a lower layer of other material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/16Flooring, e.g. parquet on flexible web, laid as flexible webs; Webs specially adapted for use as flooring; Parquet on flexible web
    • E04F15/166Flooring consisting of a number of elements carried by a common flexible web, e.g. rollable parquet
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49616Structural member making
    • Y10T29/49623Static structure, e.g., a building component
    • Y10T29/49629Panel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24058Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.] including grain, strips, or filamentary elements in respective layers or components in angular relation
    • Y10T428/24066Wood grain
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24777Edge feature
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24802Discontinuous or differential coating, impregnation or bond [e.g., artwork, printing, retouched photograph, etc.]

Abstract

本文献公开了用于包含在建筑嵌板1”中的芯。芯呈现一对大体上平行的主要表面,并且包含:多种多个第一材料块10',所述多个第一材料块10'在所述主要表面之间延伸并且被布置成使得其各自的主方向大体上平行于所述主要表面并且关于所述芯的主方向成90°±45°地延伸;以及多个第二材料块11',所述多个第二材料块11'在所述主要表面之间延伸并且沿着所述芯的主方向与所述第一材料块交替地布置。所述第一材料块和所述第二材料块关于至少一种材料性质大体上不同。 This document discloses a core for inclusion in the "in Building panel 1 exhibit a core main surface of a pair of substantially parallel, and comprises: a first plurality of the plurality of material 10 ', the first plurality of blocks of material 10 'extending between the major surfaces and arranged such that their respective principal direction substantially parallel to the major surfaces of the core and with respect to the main direction of extension of 90 ° ± 45 °; and a plurality of second the material block 11 ', the plurality of second material 11' extends between the major surfaces and arranged along the main direction of the core material with the first alternating blocks of the first block material and second material blocks on said at least one substantially different material properties.

Description

芯、嵌板坯件、地板嵌板及其生产方法 Core, the insert blank, and the method for producing the floor panel

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本公开内容涉及建筑嵌板(building panel)并且特别地涉及地板嵌板。 [0001] The present disclosure relates to a building panel (building panel) and in particular to floor panels.

[0002] 更具体地,本公开内容涉及用于包含在建筑嵌板比如地板嵌板中的芯、用于形成建筑嵌板的坯件,并且涉及用于形成此类芯、坯件以及建筑嵌板的方法。 [0002] More particularly, the present disclosure relates to a building panel comprising a core, such as the floor panel is, for the building panel formed from the blank, and to form such a core blank, and building embedded plate method.

[0003] 罝量 [0003] The amount of catching rabbits

[0004] ^的是,提供包含由多个低级木材块(也被称为"板条(slat)"或"薄片(lamellae)")形成的芯的镶木地板嵌板,所述多个低级木材块被布置成使得其纤维方向垂直于地板嵌板的纵向方向。 [0004] ^ is parquet flooring panels comprising a core formed by a plurality of lower wood blocks (also called "strip (SLAT)" or "sheet (lamellae)"), the plurality of lower wood blocks are arranged such that the fiber direction is perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the floor panel. 芯被夹在装饰层和平衡层之间,装饰层通常为约3_的木材表面层,平衡层通常为约2mm的木材饰面(wood veneer)。 The core is sandwiched between the decorative layer and balancing layer, the decorative layer is typically a wood surface layer of about 3_, the balance layer is typically about 2mm of veneer wood (wood veneer). 装饰层和平衡层被胶合到芯。 Decorative layer and balancing layer are glued to the core.

[0005] 如上文描述的地板嵌板自1940年以来一直被制造,并且除了在表面处理上的改进之外,胶合技术和机械锁紧系统的引入也经历了相对小的变化。 [0005] As described floor panels since 1940 has been manufactured, and in addition to improvement in the surface treatment, gluing technology into mechanical locking systems and also experienced a relatively small change.

[0006] 此类镶木地板嵌板的实施例在例如W096/30177 A1和US2005/0208255A1中被公开。 [0006] Example embodiments of such parquet flooring panel is disclosed for example in W096 / 30177 A1 and US2005 / 0208255A1 in.

[0007] 进一步减少以上所提到类型的地板嵌板的成本是期望的。 [0007] further reduce the cost of the above-mentioned type of floor panel is desirable.

[0008] 定义 [0008] defined

[0009] 术语"嵌板还件(panel blank)"理解成具有与最终产品大体上相同的样式但关于例如在嵌板坯件的边缘处的锁紧系统的样式未曾完成的材料件。 [0009] The term "further panel member (panel blank)" is understood to have the final product is substantially the same piece of material but the style has not been done for example on the style panel blank locking system at the edge of.

[0010] 术语"还件"理解成预期被分成多个嵌板坯件的材料件。 [0010] The term "further member" is understood as a piece of material intended to be divided into a plurality of panel blank.

[0011] "主要表面"通常是芯、坯件、嵌板坯件或建筑嵌板或地板嵌板的向上或向下表面。 [0011] "major surface" generally die, blank, blank insert building panel or floor panel or surface upward or downward. 这些表面通常彼此平行。 These surfaces generally parallel to each other.

[0012] 在物品是长形的(即,大体上矩形的和非正方形的)情况下,芯、坯件、嵌板坯件或建筑嵌板或地板嵌板的"主方向(principal direction)"可以是纵向方向。 [0012] In the article is elongate (i.e., substantially rectangular and non-square) in the case, a core blank, blank insert or building panel or floor panel "main direction (principal direction)" It may be a longitudinal direction. 作为备选或补充,主方向可以是大体上平行于形成坯件、嵌板坯件或地板嵌板的一部分的除了芯层之外的另一种层例如装饰层和/或平衡层沿其呈现主要弯曲强度和/或主要抗张强度的方向的方向,比如装饰层和/或平衡层的主纤维方向。 Alternatively or additionally, the main direction may be substantially parallel to the formed blank, blank insert except for the floor panel or core layer of, for example, another portion of the decorative layer and / or the balancing layer exhibits along its the main bending strength and / or tensile strength in the direction of the main anti-direction, such as a decorative layer and / or the balancing layer of the main fiber direction.

[0013] "主纤维方向"定义成木材块或饰面的纤维中的大部分沿其延伸的方向。 [0013] "main fiber direction" is defined as a direction along which most of the wood blocks extending fibers or veneer. 通常,主纤维方向大体上与木材块的纵向方向相一致,因为木料通常被锯开以便使其纤维大体上纵向延伸。 Typically, the main fiber direction substantially coincides with the longitudinal direction of the wood block, as is usually sawn wood fibers so as to substantially extend longitudinally.

[0014] "膨胀性聚合物材料"理解成包含树脂和大量的充气内含物的聚合物材料。 [0014] "expanded polymer material" is understood to mean a polymeric material comprising a resin and a large amount of inflator contents.

[0015] 挺塗 [0015] Ting coating

[0016] 本发明通常目的在于克服或减轻现有技术的地板嵌板的某些缺点,尤其专注于减少成本。 [0016] Generally the present invention aims to overcome or alleviate some of the shortcomings of the prior art flooring panels, particularly focused on reducing the cost.

[0017] 本发明由所附独立权利要求限定,其中各实施方案在以下描述以及附图中被陈述。 [0017] The present invention is defined by the appended independent claims, wherein each of the embodiments are set forth in the following description and the accompanying drawings.

[0018] 根据第一方面,提供了用于包含在建筑嵌板中的芯。 [0018] According to a first aspect, there is provided a core for inclusion in the building panel. 芯呈现一对大体上平行的主要表面,并且包含:多个第一材料块,该多个第一材料块在所述主要表面之间延伸并且被布置成使得其各自的主方向大体上平行于所述主要表面并且关于芯的主方向成90° ±45°地延伸;以及多个第二材料块,该多个第二材料块在所述主要表面之间延伸并且沿着芯的主方向与所述第一材料块交替布置。 Major surfaces of the core presenting a pair of substantially parallel, and comprising: a plurality of blocks of a first material, the first material is a plurality of blocks extending between said major surfaces and arranged such that their respective principal direction substantially parallel to the major surfaces of the core and extending about the main direction of 90 ° ± 45 °; and a plurality of blocks of a second material, the second plurality of blocks of material extending between said major surfaces and along the main direction of the core the first material blocks arranged alternately. 所述第一材料块和所述第二材料块关于至少一种材料性质大体上不同。 The material of the first block and the second block material on at least one substantially different material properties.

[0019] 此类芯提供对与芯有关的性质比如芯的强度和重量以及成本的改进的控制的机会。 [0019] Such cores are provided such as strength and weight, and improved cost of the core of the core control properties related opportunities.

[0020] "芯的主方向"可以理解成芯的纵向方向,当芯将作为长形的或大体上连续的板材状产品(sheet-1 ike product)生产时,这是特别地适用的。 [0020] "main direction of the core" may be understood as the longitudinal direction of the core, when the core (sheet-1 ike product) or produced as a substantially continuous elongate sheet-like product, which is particularly suitable.

[0021] 第一材料块优选地关于芯的主方向成90° ±30°、90° ±15°、90° ±5°延伸或大体上垂直于芯的主方向延伸。 [0021] Preferably the first material blocks with respect to the main direction of the core 90 ° ± 30 °, 90 ° ± 15 °, 90 ° ± 5 °, or extend substantially perpendicular to the main extension direction of the core. 第二材料块通常可以大体上平行于第一材料块延伸。 The second material blocks may generally be substantially parallel to the first block of material extends.

[0022] "大体上不同"意指差别多于将由仅仅随机变化导致的程度,所述随机变化在具有相同类型和定向的材料块之间发生,比如将是两件相同类型木材之间的情况,或比如将是因为制造公差的情况等。 [0022] "substantially different" is meant the difference more than by just randomly varying degree due to the random change between blocks having the same type of material and the orientation, such as would be the case between the two pieces of the same type of wood , or such as would be the case due to manufacturing tolerances and the like.

[0023] 芯可以呈现出约5mm到约50mm、优选地约7mm到约15mm的其主要表面之间的厚度。 [0023] The core may exhibit from about 5mm to about 50mm, a thickness between the major surfaces thereof is preferably from about 7mm to about 15mm in.

[0024] 沿着芯的主方向取得的、垂直于主要表面并且包含相等数目的全部第一材料块和全部第二材料块的芯的横截面可以呈现少于所述第二材料块的按面积计50%。 [0024] taken along the main direction of the core, perpendicular to the major surfaces and comprises an equal number of cross-section of the core of all of the first blocks and all of the second material block materials can exhibit less than said second material block by area 50%.

[0025] 因此,第一材料块可以在不计算任何边缘加固插入物的情况下形成多于芯的按体积计的50 %。 [0025] Thus, the first block may be more than the core material by volume of 50% is formed without calculating any edge of the reinforcing insert.

[0026] 芯可以包含至少一个网状物,所述至少一个网状物可以附接到并且大体上覆盖芯的主要表面中的至少一个。 [0026] The core may comprise at least one web, said at least one web may be attached to and substantially covering the major surface of the core of at least one.

[0027] 网状物可以包含非机织材料、机织材料、基于纸浆的材料以及聚合物膜中的至少一种。 [0027] The web may comprise a nonwoven material, woven material, at least one pulp-based material and a polymer film.

[0028] 网状物可以包含具有相对于所述第一块和/或所述第二材料块的粘合性质的材料。 [0028] The web may comprise a material having adhesive properties with respect to a second block of material and / or the second block.

[0029] 网状物可以是足够柔性的以允许芯弯曲以便允许一对邻近的第一材料块的主要表面法线之间的角度多于5°、优选地多于10°、多于15°、多于20°或多于25°。 [0029] The web may be an angle between the normal of the major surfaces sufficiently flexible to allow bending of the core in order to allow a pair of adjacent blocks of the first material is more than 5 °, preferably more than 10 °, more than 15 ° , more than 20 ° or 25 °.

[0030] 第一材料块和第二材料块可以由关于材料类型、材料组成、材料密度、材料硬度、 材料抗张强度以及材料弹性模量中的至少一种不同的材料形成。 [0030] The first material and second material blocks may block, density, hardness, tensile strength, and material modulus of elasticity of at least one material is formed of a different material on the type of material, material.

[0031 ]关于"材料类型",块可以由不同的材料形成,比如木材和膨胀性聚合物材料或不同类型的聚合物材料或不同种类的木材。 [0031] About "material type", the block may be formed of different materials, such as wood and expandable polymeric materials or different types of polymer materials or different kinds of wood.

[0032] 关于"材料组成",块可以由具有不同的材料组成的聚合物材料形成和/或由包含不同类型的填充物或添加剂的聚合物材料形成。 [0032] About "material", a block may be formed from a polymer material having a different material composition and / or formed of a polymer material containing different types of additives or fillers.

[0033] 关于材料密度,第一材料块可以具有比第二材料块高的密度。 [0033] For the material density, the first material may have a higher mass than the second block of material density.

[0034] 关于"材料硬度",第一材料块可以比第二材料块硬。 [0034] For the "hardness", the first material may be harder than the second material block block.

[0035] 关于"材料定向",第一材料块和第二材料块可以具有各向异性的性质,并且可以按照不同的方向定向。 [0035] About "Directionally", the first material and second piece blocks may have anisotropic material properties and may be oriented in different directions. 例如,第一材料块可以具有大体上垂直于芯的主方向延伸的纤维,而第二材料块大体上平行于芯的主方向、或平行于芯的厚度方向延伸。 For example, the first material may have a fiber block substantially perpendicular to the main direction of the core extends, while the second material block is substantially parallel to the main direction of the core, or extends parallel to the thickness direction of the core.

[0036] 关于"材料抗张强度",第一材料块可以具有比第二材料块高的抗张强度。 [0036] About "material tensile strength", the first material than the second block may have a high tensile strength material blocks.

[0037]关于"材料弹性模量",第一材料和第二材料可以呈现不同的弯曲刚度。 [0037] For the "elastic modulus", the first and second materials may exhibit different bending stiffness. 该不同的弯曲刚度通常可以至少关于材料块的纵向方向呈现。 The bending stiffness may be at least generally exhibit different respect to the longitudinal direction of the material block.

[0038] 第一材料块的主方向可以大体上平行于第一材料块的主要弯曲刚度和/或主要抗张强度的方向。 [0038] The main direction of the first piece of material may be substantially parallel to the main bending stiffness of the first block material and / or the main direction of tensile strength.

[0039] 在一套实施方案中,第一材料块可以由木材材料形成。 [0039] In an embodiment, the first material may be formed from a block of wood material.

[0040] 因此,第一材料块的主方向可以大体上平行于木材材料的主纤维方向。 [0040] Thus, the main direction of the first piece of material may be substantially parallel to the main direction of the wood fiber material.

[0041] 木材块可以包括一种木材质量(wood quality)的木材块,所述木材质量低于或等于根据I960年的瑞典"G.r6tiaboken"( "绿皮书")标准的V,优选地低于或等于VI或低于或等于VII。 [0041] The timber may include one block of wood mass (wood quality) of the wood blocks, the timber according to the quality of less than or equal I960年的瑞典 "G.r6tiaboken" ( "Green Book") standard V, preferably less than or equal to lower than or equal VI or VII. 作为备选,木材块可以具有低于或等于根据1994年的瑞典"Bliiaboken"( "蓝皮书") 标准的B、优选地低于或等于C或低于或等于D的木材质量。 Alternatively, the wood may have less than or equal to the block 1994 in accordance with the Swedish "Bliiaboken" ( "Blue Book") standards B, preferably less than, or equal to, or lower than or equal to C D mass of wood. 作为又一种备选,木材块可以包括低于或等于2000年的欧洲EN 1611-1标准的G4-2/G2-2、优选地低于或等于G4-3/G2-3或低于或等于G4-4/G2-4的质量的木材块。 As yet another alternative, the wood blocks may comprise less than or equal to 2000 European standard EN 1611-1 G4-2 / ​​G2-2, preferably less than or equal to G4-3 / G2-3 or below, or equal quality G4-4 / G2-4 of wood blocks.

[0042] 优选地,木材具有根据"Gr6na boken"标准的V或VI的质量或具有根据任何其他标准的对应的质量。 [0042] Preferably, in accordance with the quality of the wood "Gr6na boken" standard V or VI or with a mass of any other criteria corresponding.

[0043]木材块还可以或作为备选具有低于或等于EN 338标准的C18、优选地低于或等于C16或低于或等于C14的强度等级。 [0043] The wood blocks may also or alternatively having less than or equal to the standard EN 338 C18, preferably less than or equal to C16 or intensity level less than or equal to C14.

[0044] 在另一套实施方案中,第一材料块可以由复合材料形成。 [0044] In another set of embodiments, the first material may be formed from a composite material block.

[0045] 复合材料可以包括聚合物材料基体、以及填充物材料和/或加固材料。 [0045] The composite material may comprise a polymer matrix material and filler material and / or reinforcing material.

[0046] 填充物材料可以包括木材肩(wood dust)、木材纤维、木材颗粒、木材刨花、基于矿物的填充物或聚合物材料。 [0046] The filler material may comprise a timber shoulder (wood dust), wood fibers, wood particles, wood shavings, mineral-based filler or polymer material.

[0047]加固材料可以被布置成提供复合材料的各向异性的强度性质。 [0047] The reinforcing material may be arranged to provide an anisotropic strength properties of the composite material.

[0048] 例如,加固材料可以包含大体上平行于第一材料块的主方向延伸的长纤维。 [0048] For example, long fiber reinforcing material may comprise substantially parallel to the main direction of the first block of material extends. 因此, 第一材料块可以由工程木材材料形成。 Thus, the first block may be formed of a material of engineered wood material.

[0049] 工程木材材料的非限制性实施例包括纤维板、刨花板(chipb 〇ard)、碎料板(particle board)、以及再造木材。 Non-limiting examples [0049] materials include engineered wood fiberboard, particle board (chipb 〇ard), particle board (particle board), and recycling wood. 可以由不同类型的工程木材材料形成第一材料块和第二材料块。 The first material and second material block piece may be formed from different types of engineered wood material.

[0050] 第二材料块可以由膨胀性聚合物材料、工程木材材料或非膨胀性聚合物材料形成。 [0050] The second material blocks may, engineered wood material or a non-expandable polymeric material is formed of expanded polymeric material.

[0051] 膨胀性聚合物材料块可以包括膨胀性聚乙烯、膨胀性聚丙烯以及膨胀性聚苯乙烯、挤塑聚苯乙烯泡沫中的至少一种。 [0051] The expandable material may include expanded polymeric mass polyethylene, expanded polypropylene and expanded polystyrene, at least one extruded polystyrene foam.

[0052] 膨胀性聚合物材料可以是非填充的或用例如以木材肩、木材纤维、木材颗粒、木材刨花、基于矿物的填充物和/或聚合物材料的形式的填充物填充。 [0052] The expandable material may be a polymeric or non-filled timber, for example, in the shoulder, wood fibers, wood particles, wood shavings, and in the form of a mineral-based filler / or a polymeric material filled with a filler.

[0053]通常,第二材料块将由具有比第一材料块的成本、强度和/或密度低的成本、强度和/或密度的工程木材材料形成。 [0053] Typically, the second material than the block by a first block of material cost, strength and / or low cost density, intensity and / or density of engineered wood material.

[0054]通常,非膨胀性聚合物材料可以包括具有比第一材料块的成本和/或强度低的成本和/或强度的一种或更多种聚合物基体材料和以木材肩、木材纤维、木材颗粒、木材片、基于矿物的填充物和/或聚合物材料的形式的填充物。 [0054] Generally, non-expandable polymeric material may comprise a first material than the block-cost and / or low cost intensity and / or intensity of one or more polymeric matrix material and a shoulder wood, wood fiber , wood particles, wood chips, based on the form of the mineral filler and / or a polymer filler material. 密度可以更低或更高。 Density may be lower or higher. 低密度将提供重量优点,而较高的密度可以提供期望的噪声吸收或减少的性质。 Density will provide a weight advantage, the higher density may provide the desired properties or reduce the noise absorption. 根据第二方面,提供了用于形成建筑嵌板的坯件,所述坯件包含如上文描述的芯以及大体上覆盖芯的主要表面中的至少一个的至少一个结构层。 According to a second aspect, there is provided a blank for forming a building panel, the blank comprises at least one layer of at least one major surface of the structure as described above and substantially covers the core in the core.

[0055] 作为非限制性实施例,建筑嵌板可以是地板嵌板、墙壁嵌板、天花板嵌板或屋顶嵌板。 [0055] As a non-limiting embodiment, it may be a building panel floor panel, wall panel, ceiling panel or a ceiling panel.

[0056] 结构层可以包括装饰层和/或耐磨层。 [0056] The layer structure may include a decorative layer and / or a wear layer.

[0057] 结构层还可以包括布置在芯和装饰层之间的加固层。 [0057] The structure may further include a reinforcing layer disposed between the core layer and the decorative layer.

[0058]在一套实施方案中,装饰层可以包含层压材料。 [0058] In an embodiment, the decorative layer may comprise a laminate.

[0059] 在另一套实施方案中,装饰层可以包含木材。 [0059] In another set of embodiments, the decorative layer may comprise wood.

[0060] 在另一套实施方案中,装饰层可以包含(或本质上由以下组成):塑料材料,例如包括聚氯乙烯、丙烯酸、环氧树脂、聚氨基甲酸酯;橡胶或橡胶状材料;或油毡。 [0060] In another set of embodiments, the decorative layer may comprise (or essentially consist): plastic material, including, for example polyvinyl chloride, acrylic, epoxy, polyurethane; rubber or rubber-like material ; or linoleum.

[0061] 在某些实施方案中,装饰层可以本质上由实心木材材料形成。 [0061] In certain embodiments, the decorative layer may be essentially formed of solid wood material.

[0062] 坯件还可以包含平衡层,所述平衡层包含木材饰面、聚合物膜、机织网状物、非机织网状物和/或基于纸浆的材料。 [0062] The blank may further comprise a balance layer, said balance layer comprises a wood veneer, polymer film, a woven web, nonwoven web and / or pulp-based material.

[0063] 芯的主方向可以大体上平行于所述结构层中的至少一个的主要弯曲刚度的方向。 [0063] The main direction of the core may be substantially parallel to said structural layer of at least one primary direction of bending stiffness.

[0064] 芯的主方向可以大体上平行于坯件的纵向方向。 Main direction [0064] of the core may be substantially parallel to the longitudinal direction of the blank.

[0065] 根据第三方面,提供了由如上文公开的坯件形成的建筑嵌板。 [0065] According to a third aspect, there is provided a building panel formed from a blank as disclosed above. 此类地板嵌板可以沿着其相对的边缘部分中的至少两个装备有锁紧系统。 Such a locking system can have the floor panel along its opposite edge portions of at least two equipment.

[0066] 根据第四方面,提供了制造用于建筑嵌板的芯的方法,芯呈现一对大体上平行的主要表面。 [0066] According to a fourth aspect, there is provided a method for manufacturing a building panel of the core, the core presenting major surfaces substantially parallel pair. 该方法包括:提供多个第一材料块,布置多个第一材料块使得其各自的主方向大体上平行于主要表面并且大体上垂直于芯的主方向;以及提供多个第二材料块,所述多个第二材料块与所述第一材料块在芯的所述主方向上交替布置。 The method comprising: providing a plurality of blocks of a first material, the first material is a plurality of blocks arranged such that respective principal direction substantially parallel to the main surface and substantially perpendicular to the main direction of the core; and providing a plurality of blocks of a second material, the plurality of second material block and the first block of material in the main direction of the core are alternately arranged.

[0067] 提供所述第二材料块的步骤可以包括将预先形成的第二材料块与所述第一材料块交替地布置。 [0067] providing said second material blocks may comprise the step of pre-formed second material blocks with the block of the first material are alternately arranged.

[0068] 提供所述第二材料块的步骤可以包括在提供所述第一材料块中的两个的纵向分离的空间中提供聚合物材料树脂并且随后引起聚合物材料树脂膨胀。 Step [0068] Providing the second material providing a polymer block may include a resin material in providing the first mass of material two longitudinally separated space and subsequently cause expanded polymeric resin material.

[0069] 提供所述第二材料块的步骤可以包括提供具有至少最初大于所述第一材料块的厚度的厚度的第二材料块。 [0069] providing said second material blocks may include the step of providing a second block of material having a thickness of at least initially greater than the thickness of the first material block.

[0070] 该方法还可以包括压缩所述第二材料块,连同将网状物或结构层施加到芯。 [0070] The method may further comprise compressing the second block material, or together with the mesh structure layer is applied to the core.

[0071] 该方法还可以包括使用所述第二材料块以提供芯和层之间的粘附。 [0071] The method may further comprise a second block of material used to provide adhesion between the core and the layer.

[0072] 根据第五方面,提供了制造建筑嵌板的方法,该方法包括提供如上文描述的坯件; 将来自坯件的建筑嵌板坯件沿着芯的主方向切成适合于提供建筑嵌板的样式;以及沿着地板嵌板坯件的至少一个边缘形成机械连接装置。 [0072] According to a fifth aspect, there is provided a method of manufacturing a building panel, the method comprising providing a blank as described above; from the blank building panel blank is cut along the main direction of the core adapted to provide building style panel; and at least one edge of the floor panel blank along a mechanical connection means.

[0073]该方法还可以包括在机械连接装置的至少一部分上提供表面处理。 [0073] The method may further comprise providing a surface treatment on at least a part of the mechanical connecting means.

[0074] 作为备选或另外的措施,表面处理可以包括将涂层施加到所述第二材料块的暴露部分。 [0074] As an alternative or additional measure, the surface treatment may include applying a coating to the exposed portions of the second material block.

[0075] 作为备选或另外的措施,表面处理可以包括热形成所述第二材料块的暴露部分。 [0075] As an alternative or additional measure, the surface treatment may comprise a thermal material forming said exposed portion of the second block.

[0076] 根据第六方面,提供了地板嵌板,所述地板嵌板包含:装饰层以及芯层。 [0076] According to a sixth aspect, there is provided a floor panel, said floor panel comprising: a decorative layer and a core layer. 当地板嵌板大体上水平定向时,芯布置在装饰层的下面。 When the floor panels substantially horizontally oriented, core disposed below the decorative layer. 芯层包含多个木材块,所述多个木材块被布置成使得其各自的主纤维方向大体上平行于由地板嵌板的主要表面界定的平面并且大体上垂直于地板嵌板的主方向。 A core layer comprising a plurality of wood blocks, a plurality of wood blocks are arranged such that their respective main fiber direction is substantially parallel to the plane defined by the major surface of the floor panel and substantially perpendicular to the main direction of the floor panel. 芯层包含由不同于所述木材块的材料制成的多个第二材料块,并且沿着地板嵌板的主方向,芯层呈现由所述木材块和所述第二材料块形成的交替部分。 A second core layer comprising a plurality of blocks of a material different from the material block is made of wood, and in the main direction of the floor panel, the core layer is formed by alternately rendering the wood block and the second block material section.

[0077] "第二材料块"理解成不同于木材块的材料的材料块。 [0077] "second material block" material is understood to be different from the wood block block material. 第二材料块可以例如具有比木材块大体低的质量(强度和/或刚度)和/或成本。 The second material blocks may, for example, have a generally lower than the quality of the wood blocks (strength and / or stiffness) and / or cost. 因此,第二材料块主要用来填充木材块之间的空间,并且可能提供减少噪声。 Thus, the second material block is mainly used to fill the space between the wood blocks, and may provide reduced noise.

[0078] 与包含仅仅木材块的地板嵌板相比,包含多个第二材料块的地板嵌板可以以减少的成本生产,因为此类第二材料可以比甚至最次质量的木材更少成本的。 [0078] The floor panels comprising only the wood blocks compared to a second floor panel comprising a plurality of blocks may be to reduce material cost production, since such second material may be less than the cost of the timber even the secondary mass of.

[0079] 此外,如与包含仅仅木材的地板嵌板相比,第二材料可以减少地板嵌板的重量,因此减少运输成本并且利于安装。 [0079] Further, as compared with only a floor panel comprising wood, the second material can reduce the weight of the floor panel, thus reducing transportation costs and facilitates mounting.

[0080] 沿着地板嵌板的主方向,第二材料块的总长度可以少于木材块的总长度。 [0080] in the main direction of the floor panel, the total length of the second block material may be less than the total length of the wood block.

[0081 ]沿着地板嵌板的主方向,第二材料块的总长度可以多于地板嵌板的总长度的5%、 优选地多于地板嵌板的总长度的10%、20%、30%或40%。 [0081] in the main direction of the floor panel, the total length of the second piece of material can be more than 5% of the total length of the floor panel, preferably more than 10% of the total length of the floor panels, 20, 30, % or 40%. 通常,第二材料块的总长度少于地板嵌板的总长度的50 %。 Typically, the total length of the second material block is less than 50% of the total length of the floor panel.

[0082]第二材料块可以具有比所述木材块低的密度和/或在平行于所述主纤维方向的方向上比所述木材块低的抗张强度。 [0082] The second material blocks than the wood blocks may have lower density and / or low tensile strength of wood blocks in a direction parallel to the main direction of the fibers than said.

[0083]第二材料块可以包含膨胀性聚合物材料块,比如膨胀性聚乙烯、膨胀性聚丙烯以及膨胀性聚苯乙烯、挤塑聚苯乙烯泡沫中的至少一种。 [0083] The second material blocks may comprise blocks of expandable polymeric material, such as expanded polyethylene, expanded polypropylene and expanded polystyrene, at least one extruded polystyrene foam.

[0084] 作为备选或补充,第二材料块可以包括工程木材产品。 [0084] Alternatively or additionally, the second material may include engineered wood products.

[0085] 作为又一种备选或补充,第二材料块可以包含非膨胀性聚合物材料,所述非膨胀性聚合物材料包括填充物材料。 [0085] As a further alternative or supplement, a second block material may comprise a non-expandable polymeric material, said non-expanded polymeric material comprises a filler material.

[0086] 木材块可以包括一种木材质量的木材块或可以本质上由一种木材质量的木材块组成,所述木材质量低于或等于根据I960年的瑞典"Grona boken"( "绿皮书")标准的V、优选地低于或等于VI或低于或等于VII。 [0086] wood blocks may include one or wood quality wood blocks of wood blocks can be essentially composed of one wood quality, the quality of the wood is less than or equal to "Grona boken" ( "Green Paper according I960年的瑞典") standard V, preferably less than or equal to lower than or equal to VI or VII. 作为备选,木材块可以具有低于或等于根据1994年的瑞典"BMaboken"( "蓝皮书")标准的B、优选地低于或等于C或低于或等于D的木材质量。 Alternatively, the wood may have less than or equal to the block 1994 in accordance with the Swedish "BMaboken" ( "Blue Book") standards B, preferably less than, or equal to, or lower than or equal to C D mass of wood. 作为又一种备选,木材块可以包括低于或等于2000年的欧洲EN 1611-1标准的G4-2/G2-2、优选地低于或等于G4-3/G2-3或低于或等于G4-4/G2-4的质量的木材块。 As yet another alternative, the wood blocks may comprise less than or equal to 2000 European standard EN 1611-1 G4-2 / ​​G2-2, preferably less than or equal to G4-3 / G2-3 or below, or equal quality G4-4 / G2-4 of wood blocks.

[0087]木材块还可以或作为备选,包括或本质上由以下组成:具有低于或等于EN 338标准的C18、优选地低于或等于C16或低于或等于C14的强度等级的木材块。 [0087] The wood blocks may also or alternatively, a composition comprising or consisting essentially of the following: having less than or equal to the standard EN 338 C18, preferably less than or equal to C16 or C14 intensity level equal to or lower than the wood blocks .

[0088] 因此,在很大程度上可以使用低或非常低的质量并且因此低或非常低的成本的木材块。 [0088] Thus, to a large extent can be used in low or very low mass and thus a low or very low-cost wood blocks.

[0089] 芯层还可以包含加固插入物部分,所述加固插入物部分可以设置在地板嵌板的短侧边缘部分处。 [0089] The core layer may also comprise reinforcing insert portion, the insert reinforcing portion may be provided on the short side edge portion of the floor panel.

[0090] 通常,地板嵌板的芯层可以由交替的木材和第二材料块的按体积计的约80-99%、 可能地按体积计的90-95%组成。 [0090] Generally, the core of the floor panel can be from about 80 to 99% by the alternate timber and a second block material by volume, may be 90-95% by volume of the composition. 剩余部分可以由尤其是插入件组成,所述插入件适合于提供锁紧系统的特定部分。 The remainder may insert a particular composition, a particular portion of a locking system adapted to provide the insert.

[0091 ]第二材料块可以在所述第二材料块被暴露的边缘部分处设置有表面涂层。 [0091] The second material blocks may be provided at the edge portions of said second material blocks the exposed coated surfaces.

[0092]可选择地或作为补充,第二材料块可以在所述第二材料块被暴露的边缘部分处呈现增加密度的一部分。 [0092] Alternatively or in addition, increasing the density of a part of a second material blocks may be presented at an edge portion of the second material block is exposed.

[0093 ]装饰层可以包含天然木材,或本质上由天然木材组成。 [0093] The decorative layer may comprise natural wood, or consisting essentially of natural wood.

[0094]地板嵌板可以包含平衡层,并且芯层可以被夹于平衡层和装饰层之间。 [0094] The floor panel may comprise a balancing layer, and the core layer may be sandwiched between the decorative layer and balancing layer.

[0095] 根据第七方面,提供了制造地板嵌板的方法,所述方法包括:以共平面的方式并排地布置多个长形的木材块,使得其各自的纵向方向大体上彼此平行以形成芯层。 [0095] According to a seventh aspect, there is provided a method of manufacturing a floor panel, said method comprising: a coplanar manner are arranged side by side a plurality of elongate wood blocks, so that their respective longitudinal directions substantially parallel to each other to form a the core layer. 方法还包括为芯层提供至少装饰层以形成嵌板坯件,并且切割嵌板坯件以形成长形的地板嵌板坯件,使得木材块的纵向方向大体上垂直于地板嵌板坯件的主方向。 The method further includes providing at least a core layer to form a decorative layer insert blank, and the cutting insert blank to form an elongate floor panel blank, such that the longitudinal direction of the wood block is substantially perpendicular to a floor panel of the blank the main direction. 方法还包括提供多个第二材料块,所述多个第二材料块与木材块沿着地板嵌板坯件的主方向交替布置。 The method further comprises providing a plurality of blocks of a second material, said second material blocks and the plurality of wood blocks along the main direction of the floor panel blank are alternately arranged. 第二材料块具有比所述木材块低的密度和/或在平行于所述主纤维方向的方向上比所述木材块低的抗张强度。 A second block material having a lower density than that of the wood block and / or low tensile strength of wood blocks in a direction parallel to the main direction of the fibers than said.

[0096] 方法还可以包括沿着地板嵌板坯件的所述主方向形成锁紧装置。 [0096] The method may further comprise the floor panel along a main direction forming blank locking means.

[0097]附图的简要描述 [0097] Brief description of

[0098]图1是嵌板坯件的示意性分解图。 [0098] FIG. 1 is a schematic exploded view of the panel blank.

[0099] 图2是嵌板坯件的示意性透视图。 [0099] FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the insert blank.

[0100] 图3是地板嵌板的一部分的示意性透视图。 [0100] FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of a portion of the floor panel.

[0101] 图4是地板嵌板的示意性俯视图。 [0101] FIG. 4 is a schematic top view of a floor panel.

[0102] 图5是地板嵌板的示意性横截面视图。 [0102] FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional schematic view of a floor panel.

[0103] 图6a_6c示意性地示出了生产坯件或嵌板坯件的方法。 [0103] FIG 6a_6c schematically illustrates a process for producing blanks or panel blank.

[0104] 图7a_7d示意性地示出了生产坯件或嵌板坯件的第一备选方法。 [0104] FIG 7a_7d schematically shows a first alternative method for producing blanks or panel blank.

[0105] 图8a_8b示意性地示出了生产坯件或嵌板坯件的第二备选方法。 [0105] FIG 8a_8b schematically shows a second alternative method for producing blanks or panel blank.

[0106] 图9a_9c示意性地示出了芯。 [0106] FIG 9a_9c schematically illustrates a core.

[0107] 图10示意性地示出了生产坯件或嵌板坯件的第三备选方法。 [0107] FIG. 10 schematically shows a third alternative method for producing blanks or panel blank.

[0108] 实施方案的描述 Description [0108] embodiment

[0109] 图1是地板嵌板坯件1的示意性分解图,所述地板嵌板坯件1包含装饰层13、芯层1〇、11以及平衡层12。 [0109] FIG. 1 is a floor panel blank 1 is a schematic exploded view of the floor panel blank 1 comprises a decorative layer 13, the core layer 1〇, 11 and the balancing layer 12. 图2示出了处于已组装状态的地板嵌板坯件1'。 Figure 2 shows an assembled state of the floor panel blank 1 '. 芯层10、11由沿着地板嵌板坯件的纵向方向L交替布置的木材块10和膨胀性聚合物块11形成。 10,11 L from the core layer along the longitudinal direction of the floor panel blank alternately arranged wood blocks 10 and 11 is formed expandable polymer mass. 例如,地板嵌板坯件的该纵向方向可以大体上平行于木材饰面的主纤维方向,所述木材饰面形成装饰层13的视觉上暴露的上表面。 For example, the longitudinal direction of the floor panel blank may be substantially parallel to the main fiber direction of the wood veneer, wood veneer on the exposed surface of the decorative layer 13 is visually formed.

[0110] 木材块10可以是大体上长形的,使得其各自的主纤维方向大体上与各自的块10的纵向方向I相一致。 [0110] wood blocks 10 may be substantially elongate, such that their respective main fiber direction substantially in the longitudinal direction of the respective block 10 I aligned. 木材块10的横截面可以呈现厚度Tw和宽度Ww。 10 is a cross-sectional wood blocks may present thickness and width Tw Ww. 宽度Ww可以大于厚度Tw。 The thickness may be greater than the width Ww Tw.

[0111] 木材块1 〇的纵向方向I可以相对于地板嵌板坯件的纵向方向L成90° ±45°地延伸。 [0111] longitudinal direction of the wood block I-1 billion relative to the floor can be fitted in the longitudinal direction L of the blank extending to 90 ° ± 45 °. 优选地,木材块相对于嵌板还件的纵向方向成90° ±30°、90° ± 15°、90° ±5°或90° ± 1°地延伸。 Preferably, the wood block with respect to the longitudinal direction of the panel member further 90 ° ± 30 °, 90 ° ± 15 °, 90 ° ± 5 ° or 90 ° ± 1 ° extends.

[0112] 木材块可以包括任何外观的块,但因为成本原因,可以优选的是,木材块包括或本质上由以下组成(例如,至少50%、至少70 %、至少90%或至少95%由以下组成):低于或等于根据I960年的瑞典"Gr6.nab〇ken"( "绿皮书")标准的V、优选地低于或等于VI或低于或等于VII的木材质量;低于或等于根据1994年的瑞典"BlSaboken"( "蓝皮书")标准的B、优选地低于或等于C或低于或等于D的木材质量;或低于或等于2000年的欧洲EN 1611-1标准的G4-2/G2-2、优选地低于或等于G4-3/G2-3或低于或等于G4-4/G2-4的木材质量。 [0112] wood blocks may comprise any appearance of a block, but because of cost reasons, it may be preferable that the wood blocks includes or consists essentially of the following composition (e.g., at least 50%, at least 70%, at least 90% or at least 95% consist of): less than or equal accordance I960年的瑞典 "Gr6.nab〇ken" ( "green book") standard V, preferably less than or equal to VI or VII wood mass less than or equal to; less than or equal to the Swedish "BlSaboken" 1994 year ( "Blue Book") standards B, preferably less than, or equal to, or lower than or equal to C D mass of wood; less than or equal to 2000 or European standard EN 1611-1 the G4-2 / ​​G2-2, preferably less than or equal to G4-3 / G2-3 or less than or equal to the quality of wood G4-4 / G2-4 is.

[0113] 此外,木材块可以具有低于或等于EN 338标准的C18、优选地低于或等于C16或低于或等于C14的强度等级。 [0113] In addition, the wood blocks may have less than or equal to C18 EN 338 standard, preferably less than or equal to C16 or intensity level less than or equal to C14.

[0114] 木材块可以由长形的木梁形成,和/或由已经被接合在一起(例如使用指形接合、 鸠尾接合和/或胶合)的较短的木材件形成。 [0114] wood blocks may be formed from elongated wooden beams, and / or (e.g., using finger joint, dovetail engagement and / or gluing) a timber member formed of a short has been joined together.

[0115] 膨胀性聚合物块11可以是所谓的"刚性聚合物泡沫",所述"刚性聚合物泡沫"可以被定义为具有约〇. 02GPa-0.4GPa、优选地约0. lGPa-0.4GPa的弹性模量(E)的泡沫。 [0115] expanded polymer block 11 may be a so-called "rigid polymer foam", a "rigid polymer foam" may be defined as having approximately square. 02GPa-0.4GPa, preferably from about 0. lGPa-0.4GPa the modulus of elasticity (E) of the foam. 密度可以在20kg/m3_400kg/m3、优选地约10kg/m3_100kg/m3、最优选地约20kg/m3_50kg/m 3的范围中。 Density may be 20kg / m3_400kg / m3, preferably from about 10kg / m3_100kg / m3, most preferably from about 20kg / m3_50kg / m 3 range.

[0116] 作为备选,膨胀性聚合物块11可以是所谓的"柔性聚合物泡沫",所述"柔性聚合物泡沫"可以被定义为具有约0.0003GPa-0.0015GPa的弹性模量(E)的泡沫。 [0116] Alternatively, the expanded polymer block 11 may be a so-called "flexible polymer foam", the "flexible polymer foam" may be defined as having an elastic modulus of about 0.0003GPa-0.0015GPa of (E) foam. 密度可以在5kg/ m 3-200kg/m3的范围中。 The density may be in the range of 5kg / m 3-200kg / m3 of.

[0117] 膨胀性聚合物块11可以是所谓的闭孔膨胀性聚合物(closed cell expanded polymer)或开孔膨胀性聚合物。 [0117] expanded polymer block 11 may be a so-called closed cell expanded polymer (closed cell expanded polymer) or open cell expanded polymer.

[0118]材料的实例包括聚苯乙烯、聚氨基甲酸酯、聚烯烃(例如聚乙烯、聚丙烯)、热固性材料(苯酚(phenolic)、三聚氰胺、尿素或其组合)以及聚氯乙烯(PVC)。 [0118] Examples of the material include polystyrene, polyurethane, polyolefin (e.g. polyethylene, polypropylene), thermoset materials (phenol (Phenolic), melamine, urea, or combinations thereof) and polyvinylchloride (PVC) .

[0119]膨胀性聚合物材料块可以包括:添加物,比如木材刨花、木材颗粒、木材肩(锯肩、 木粉)或木材纤维;矿物填充物(钙、白云石等);聚合物填充物(例如,重复利用的聚合物、橡胶或橡胶状材料)。 [0119] expanded polymer material blocks may comprise: an additive, such as wood shavings, wood particles, wood shoulder (shoulder sawing, wood flour) or wood fiber; mineral filler (calcium, dolomite, etc.); polymer filler (e.g., recycled polymer, rubber or rubber-like material). 膨胀性聚合物块11被示出为大体上长形的,使得其各自的纵向方向平行于木材块1 〇的纵向方向I。 Expanded polymer block 11 is shown as a generally elongate, parallel to the longitudinal direction such that the square of wood blocks 1 with their respective longitudinal direction I. 膨胀性聚合物块11的横截面可以呈现厚度Tp和宽度Wp。 A cross-sectional expanded polymer block 11 may exhibit a thickness Tp and the width Wp. 宽度Wp可以大于厚度Tp。 Width Wp may be greater than the thickness Tp.

[0120] 木材块的厚度Tw通常可以在约5mm-50mm、更通常地约5mm-25mm或约7mm-15mm、并且最通常地约l〇mm的量级上。 [0120] The thickness Tw may be wood blocks typically about 5mm-50mm, and more typically from about 5mm-25mm, or about 7mm-15mm, and most typically from about l〇mm on the order of.

[0121] 通常,木材块10的厚度Tw可以与膨胀性聚合物块11的厚度Tp大体上相同、或完全相同。 [0121] Generally, the thickness of the wood blocks Tw 10 may be the same as the thickness Tp generally expandable polymer block 11, or identical.

[0122] 木材块10的宽度Ww可以大于膨胀性聚合物块11的宽度Wp。 Width Ww [0122] wood blocks 10 may be greater than the width Wp of expanded polymer block 11. 作为非限制性实施例, 膨胀性聚合物块11的宽度Wp可以少于木材块10的宽度Ww的约90 %、少于约80%、少于约70 %或少于约60 %。 As a non-limiting embodiment, the expandable polymer block width Wp 11 may be less than about 90% of the width Ww of the wood block 10, less than about 80%, less than about 70%, or less than about 60%.

[0123] 因此,地板嵌板1"可以具有由交替的木材块和膨胀性聚合物块形成的芯,可选地, 沿着除了一个或两个短侧边缘之外的所述芯的大体上整个的长度,所述芯可以装备有加固插入物,所述加固插入物可以由比木材块10的质量高的质量的木材、不同类型的木材、和/ 或具有不同的纤维方向例如垂直于木材块1 〇的纤维方向的木材形成。可选择地,插入物可以由另一种材料形成,比如MDF、HDF、聚合物或聚合物复合材料(例如纤维加固聚合物)。插入物中的每个可以在少于地板嵌板1"长度的15 %,优选地少于地板嵌板1"长度的10%、少于5%或少于3%上延伸。 [0123] Thus, the floor panels 1 'may have a core formed of wood blocks of alternating expandable polymer mass and, optionally, along the core in addition to one or two short side edges of substantially the entire length of the core may be provided with reinforcement insert, the reinforcement insert may be made of high quality wood blocks than 10 mass timber, different types of wood, and / or having a different fiber direction is perpendicular to the wood blocks e.g. 1 billion wood fiber direction is formed. Alternatively, the insert may be formed from another material, such as MDF, HDF, polymer or polymer composite (e.g., fiber reinforced polymers). each of the insert can be in the floor panel 1 is less than "15% of the length of the floor panel 1 preferably less than" 10% of the length, or extends less than 5% less than 3%.

[0124] 此外或作为补充,该插入物可以被提供用于一个或两个长侧边缘,在这种情况下, 插入物将沿着长侧边缘的全部或一部分并且垂直于地板嵌板的主方向延伸。 [0124] In addition or as a complement, the insert may be provided for one or two long side edges, in this case, insert the long side edges along all or a portion of the floor panel and perpendicular to the main extending direction.

[0125] 参考图3和4,地板嵌板1"可以装备有适合于使地板嵌板1"与类似的或相同的地板嵌板相互连接的锁紧系统30、31、32、33。 [0125] Referring to Figures 3 and 4, the floor panels 1 'may be equipped with a floor panel adapted to "locking system similar or identical floor panels 30, 31 interconnected. 此类锁紧系统可以布置成提供水平地和/或垂直地机械的或形式配合的锁紧,即,地板嵌板可以被全部地或部分地锁紧在一起而不使用胶。 Such locking system may be arranged to provide horizontally and / or vertically mechanical or form fit locking, i.e., the floor panels may be locked together in whole or in part, without the use of glue.

[0126] 在一种实施方案中,长侧锁紧系统30、31可以与短侧锁紧系统32、33相同。 [0126] In one embodiment, the long side locking system 30, 31 may be the same short side locking system 32, 33. 在另一种实施方案中,在例如锁紧系统的几何结构和/或机械性质方面,长侧锁紧系统30、31可以与短侧锁紧系统的几何结构和/或机械性质不同。 In another embodiment, for example, the geometry of the locking system and / or mechanical properties, the long side locking system 30, 31 may be the short side locking system geometry and / or different mechanical properties.

[0127] 用于使地板机械相互连接的多种不同系统因此是已知的,并且用于生产它们的方法也是这样。 [0127] Mechanical floor for a plurality of different systems are interconnected so known, and methods for producing them as well. 这些系统的非限制性实施例被示出在W094/26999A1、US4,426,820、 DE1211175、DE19851200C1、FR2675174、TO99/66151、W097/47834、JP3169967、W096/27721、 681430423、¥002/55809、1^4,819,932』? Non-limiting examples of these systems are shown in W094 / 26999A1, US4,426,820, DE1211175, DE19851200C1, FR2675174, TO99 / ​​66151, W097 / 47834, JP3169967, W096 / 27721, 681430423, ¥ 002 / 55809,1 ^ 4,819,932 "? 1863984厶1以及£?1802827厶1中,这些文献的全部内容因此通过引用并入本文。 1863984 Si 1 and £? 1802827 Si 1, the entire contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference.

[0128] 因此,锁紧系统的另外的描述被认为是不必要的。 [0128] Thus, further description of the locking system is deemed unnecessary.

[0129] 参考图6a_6c,生产地板嵌板1"的方法被公开。 [0129] Referring to FIG 6a_6c, a method of producing a floor panel 1 'is disclosed.

[0130] 木材的预先切割的块10以及膨胀性聚合物的预先形成的(例如切割或模制的)块11可以被布置在第一板材上,所述第一板材可以是平衡层12或装饰层13。 [0130] pre-cut wood block 10 and a pre-formed (e.g., cut or molded) expandable polymer block 11 may be disposed on the first plate, the first plate may be a balancing layer 12 or decorative layer 13. 在将块10、11接合到第一板材12之前,第一板材12、13和/或块10、11的面向第一板材的侧面可以装备有胶。 In block 10, before bonded to the first plate 12, a first side facing the first sheet metal plate 12, 13 and / or blocks 10, 11 may be provided with adhesive. 此外,第二板材13被提供并且其面向块10、11的侧面和/或块10、11的面向第二板材的侧面装备有胶,在此之后第二板材13与块接合。 Further, the second plate 13 is provided and its side faces 10, 11 of the block and / or blocks 10, 11 facing a second side surface provided with plastic plate, a second plate engaged with the block 13 after this.

[0131] 块10、11可以布置成使得沿着其纵向方向I彼此邻接。 [0131] 10, 11 may be arranged such that the block I abut one another along their longitudinal direction. 可选择地,在地板嵌板的纵向方向L上,可以在每对邻近块的构件之间提供小空间。 Alternatively, in the longitudinal direction L of the floor panel can be provided a small space between each pair of adjacent block members. 该空间可以在0 . 、优选地的量级中。 The space can be 0, preferably in the order.

[0132] 在板材12、13和块10、11已经接合之后,它们可以例如通过辊子或压带机分批地或连续地经受压力。 [0132] After the sheets 12, 13 and blocks 10 and 11 have been joined, they can, for example, by a batch or a roller or continuous belt press is subjected to pressure. 可以用添加热或用于活化胶的其他装置比如超声、微波等来补充压力。 You may be used to add heat activated glue or other means such as ultrasonic, microwave, etc. additional pressure.

[0133] 通常,执行这些步骤以提供坯件,所述坯件可以具有约例如1.2m x2.4m的量级的尺寸。 [0133] Generally, these steps to provide a blank, the blank may be of the order of about 1.2m x2.4m e.g. size. 这样的坯件然后可以被切成地板嵌板坯件1',即具有完成的地板嵌板1"的大体形状但没有沿着其边缘形成任何锁紧系统30、31、32、33的坯件。地板嵌板坯件1'然后可以经受碾磨以及任选地添加独立的元件(锁紧舌、锁紧元件、锁紧条等)以提供期望的锁紧系统30、 31、32、33〇 Such a blank can then be cut into the floor panel blank 1 ', i.e., having completed floor panel 1' but substantially without forming any shape of the blank 30, 31 of the locking system along its edges the floor panel blank 1 'may then be subjected to separate grinding, and optionally added elements (locking tongue, a locking element, the locking bars, etc.) to provide the desired locking system 30, 31,32,33〇

[0134] 装饰层13可以呈实心木材板材的形式,其通常具有约2mm-5mm、最常见约3mm的厚度。 [0134] The decorative layer 13 may be in the form of a solid sheet of wood, which is typically about 2mm-5mm, most commonly a thickness of about 3mm. 木材板材可以由单个或少量木材块构成,或由多个薄片构成以在表面上形成块图案。 Timber may be constituted by a single or small number of wood blocks, or constituted by a plurality of sheets to form a block pattern on the surface. 通常,这些薄片中的大部分或至少某些是长形的并且大体上平行于地板嵌板的纵向方向L延伸。 Typically, these sheets are at least some or most of elongate and substantially parallel to the longitudinal direction L extending floor panel. 可选择地,薄片中的某些垂直于地板嵌板的纵向方向L延伸,如将是具有用于提供所谓的Dutch地板图案的地板嵌板的情况。 Alternatively, some extending perpendicular to the sheet L of the longitudinal direction of the floor panel, as will be the case with a floor panel for providing a floor of so-called Dutch pattern.

[0135] 可选择地,装饰层可以由多个层例如与薄的表面层组合的加固层形成,所述薄的表面层被层压或胶合到加固层。 [0135] Alternatively, the decorative layer may be formed of a plurality of layers of reinforcing thin surface layer of the composition of the thin surface layer is laminated or glued to the reinforcement layer. 表面层可以由例如薄的(〇.5mm-2mm)木材饰面、或层压制件(laminate)即可以被层压或整合到耐磨层的人工图案(例如印刷)层形成,所述耐磨层可以包含用于提供硬表面的具有填充物和添加剂的聚合物材料。 For example, the surface layer may be a thin (〇.5mm-2mm) of wood veneer or laminate (Laminate) which can be incorporated into an artificial pattern or laminated wear layer (e.g., printed) layer, a wear resistant layer may contain fillers to provide a polymeric material having a hard surface and additives. 加固层可以由胶合板、MDF、HDF 或其他板材材料形成。 The reinforcement layer may be formed of plywood, MDF, HDF plate, or other materials.

[0136] 木材的装饰层13或木材饰面可以是天然的,即未涂覆的,或用例如漆、蜡、油、清漆或任何其他类型的表面抛光物比如基于丙烯酸或氨基甲酸酯的地板装修物来涂覆/处理。 [0136] The decorative layer 13 of wood or wood veneer may be natural, i.e., uncoated, or with, for example paint, wax, oil, varnish or any other type of object of polishing a surface such as an acrylic-based or urethane floor finish was coated / treated.

[0137] 平衡层12可以由木材或胶合板的板材(0.5mm-2mm)形成。 [0137] balancing layer 12 may be formed of wood or plywood plate (0.5mm-2mm). 可选择地,平衡层可以由聚合物膜、机织或非机织的板材、基于纸浆的材料(比如纸)或其他的木材-聚合物复合材料形成。 Alternatively, the balancing layer polymer film can be woven, or nonwoven sheet machine, a pulp material (such as paper) or other wood-based - polymer composite material.

[0138] 地板嵌板通常形成将被接合在一起以提供地板的一套大体上相同的地板嵌板的一部分。 [0138] normally form part of the floor panels to be joined together to provide a floor substantially the same floor panel.

[0139] 参考图7a_7d,现在将描述形成坯件的第一备选方法。 [0139] Referring to FIG 7a_7d, a first alternative method will now be described for forming the blank. 提供第一结构层比如平衡层12(或装饰层13)(图7a)。 Providing a first structural layer, such as a balancing layer 12 (or decorative layer 13) (FIG. 7a). 大量的木材块10被提供并且被布置在第一结构层上。 A large number of wood blocks 10 are provided and are arranged on a first structural layer. 任选地,木材块10可以附接到(临时地或永久地)结构层。 Optionally, the wood blocks 10 may be attached (permanently or temporarily) structural layer. 木材块10以隔开的方式沿着坯件的主方向L布置。 Wood blocks 10 are arranged in a spaced manner along the main direction L of the blank.

[0140] 适合于膨胀的聚合物树脂9被布置在木材块之间的空间中(图7b)。 [0140] suitable for the expanded polymer resin 9 is disposed in the space between the wood blocks (FIG. 7b). 聚合物树脂可以例如包含一种或更多种膨胀剂。 Polymeric resin may comprise, for example, one or more swelling agents.

[0141] 第二结构层比如装饰层13(或平衡层12)被布置以便把木材块10夹在第一结构层和第二结构层之间(图7c)。 [0141] The second structural layer such as decorative layer 13 (or the balancing layer 12) is arranged so as to block the wood structure 10 sandwiched between the first layer and the second layer structure (FIG. 7c). 第二结构层可以附接到木材块(临时地或永久地)。 The second structural layer may be attached to the wood blocks (temporarily or permanently).

[0142] 然后,存在于聚合物树脂9中的膨胀剂被活化以便膨胀到大体上填满木材块10之间的空间。 [0142] Then, the polymer resin is present in the bulking agent 9 is activated so as to substantially fill the space between the inflated timber 10 blocks. 当聚合物树脂凝固、硬化或冷却时,将提供膨胀的聚合物材料块11。 When the polymer resin is solidified, cured, or cooled, it will provide an expanded polymeric material block 11.

[0143] 可以通过提供热、微波、超声、真空、UV光等来实现膨胀剂的活化。 [0143] can be provided by heat, microwave, ultrasonic, vacuum, UV light or the like to achieve the activation of the expansion agent.

[0144] 膨胀剂的活化还可以引起胶或用于将结构层附接到木材块的其它附接装置的活化。 [0144] The activation can also cause expanding agent or adhesive layer is attached to the structure for activating other attachment means of the wood blocks.

[0145] 在该方法的变体中,在引入树脂9之前,木材块10可以被夹在结构层12、13之间。 [0145] In a variation of the method, prior to introduction of the resin 9, the wood blocks 10 may be sandwiched between the structural layers 12, 13. 在该情况下,树脂可以随后被注入到在木材块和结构层之间形成的空间内。 In this case, the resin can then be injected into the space between the wood blocks and the structure layer is formed. 在该情况下,树脂可以但不一定在引入时例如在与周围大气接触时立即活化。 In this case, the resin may be activated, for example, but not necessarily immediately upon contact with the surrounding atmosphere when introduced.

[0146] 还可以将非膨胀性的且可能填充的聚合物树脂注入到在木材块(或其他材料块) 之间形成的空间内。 [0146] may also be a non-expandable and may be filled polymer resin is injected into the space between the wood blocks (blocks or other materials) is formed.

[0147] 除了提供膨胀性聚合物材料块11之外,树脂9还提供膨胀性聚合物材料块和木材块两者的块与结构层的附接。 [0147] In addition to providing expandable polymeric material block 11 outside the resin 9 also provides expandable polymer material block and the attachment of both the wood blocks with a block structure layer. 例如,木材块可以被设计或布置成使得允许足够量的树脂进入木材块和结构层之间,从而提供粘合。 For example, wood blocks may be designed or arranged so as to allow a sufficient amount of resin into the wood blocks and the structure between the layers, thereby providing an adhesive.

[0148]参考图8a_8b,将描述生产还件的另一种备选方法。 [0148] Referring to FIG 8a_8b, another alternative method for producing a further element will be described.

[0149] 膨胀性聚合物材料块11设置有超过木材块10的厚度Tw的厚度Tp(图8a)。 [0149] expandable polymer material 11 is provided with a block of wood than the thickness Tw thickness Tp of block 10 (FIG. 8a). 块可以作为预先成形的块被提供或在施加第二结构层之前通过活化膨胀剂被提供。 As provided by a block may be activated expanding agent before preformed blocks are provided or applied in the second structural layer.

[0150] 然后,可以施加第二结构层13,此时膨胀性聚合物材料块11被压缩(图8b)。 [0150] Then, a second structural layer 13 may be applied, this time expandable polymeric material block 11 is compressed (FIG. 8b). 压缩可以在关于图6a_6c描述的压紧步骤中被提供。 Compression may be provided in the pressing step 6a_6c described with respect to FIG.

[0151] 参考图9a_9c,将描述生产芯(没有结构层)的方法。 Method [0151] Referring to FIG 9a_9c, the (not layer structures) described the production of the core.

[0152] 在第一实施方案(图9a)中,芯可以通过以下来生产:通过例如粘合(表面到表面) 来连接交替的木材块10与膨胀性聚合物材料块11以形成没有任何结构层的连续的芯。 [0152] In the first embodiment (FIG. 9a), the core may be produced by the following: for example, by an adhesive (surface to surface) are alternately connected to the block 10 and the wood blocks expandable polymer material 11 to form a structure without any continuous core layer.

[0153] 如果膨胀性聚合物材料块11是相对柔性的,则芯可以被弯曲并且可能甚至被卷绕成卷。 [0153] If the expandable polymer material block 11 is relatively flexible, the core may be bent and may even be wound into a roll.

[0154]在第二实施方案(图9b)中,芯可以装备有网状物20,块10、11将以类似于关于第一结构层12公开的内容的方式被附接到所述网状物20、附接到芯的主要表面。 [0154] In the second embodiment (FIG. 9b), the core may be equipped with a mesh 20, 10 and 11 will be similar to block 12 on the disclosure of the embodiment first structural layer is attached to the mesh 20 was attached to the major surface of the core.

[0155] 网状物20可以是聚合物膜、非机织网状物、机织网状物、基于纸浆(纸或纸状)的网状物、橡胶膜等。 [0155] mesh 20 may be a polymer film, a nonwoven web, a woven web, based on pulp (paper or paper-like) mesh, a rubber film or the like. 因此,网状物可以是足够柔性的以允许网状物弯曲并且被卷绕成卷。 Accordingly, the mesh may be sufficiently flexible to allow bending web and wound into a roll. 网状物可以具有在约〇. 并且优选地约0. lmm-lmm的范围中的厚度。 Web may have about square. And a thickness in the range of preferably lmm-lmm to about 0.5.

[0156] 在第三实施方案(图9c)中,第二网状物21可以设置在芯的第二面Scl处。 [0156] In a third embodiment (FIG. 9c), the second web 21 may be disposed at the second surface of the core Scl. 第二网状物可以与第一网状物相同,或其可以是不同类型的材料。 The second web may be the same as the first web, or it may be a different type of material.

[0157] 可以形成一种材料的网状物,该材料例如在活化时将作用为与芯和/或结构层有关的粘结剂、粘合剂或胶。 [0157] may be formed of a material web, which will act as a binder material, e.g., adhesive or glue to the core and / or related structural layer upon activation. 还可以将涂层施加到在活化时将作用为与芯和/或结构层有关的粘结剂、粘合剂或胶的材料,或用例如该材料浸渍网状物。 Coating may also be applied to the role of a binder material, the adhesive or glue to the core and / or structural layers upon activation related to, for example, or by dipping the material web. 如果此类材料是胶粘的或压力活化的,还可以向网状物20、21的一个或两个暴露面提供保护膜。 If such material is a pressure activated adhesive or may also be provided a protective film to the webs 20, 21 or both exposed surfaces. 因此,当装备有网状物的芯将与例如结构层接合时,此类保护膜可以被除去。 Thus, when the core web will be equipped with, for example, when joining structural layer, such a protective film may be removed.

[0158] 注意到的是,关于图6a_6c、7a_7d以及8a_8b描述的形成嵌板的方法可以被应用于形成如关于图9a_9c描述的芯,条件是通过例如保护膜来控制可能向外地胶粘性或粘性并且条件是正确地施加压力。 [0158] It is noted that, the method concerning FIG 6a_6c, 7a_7d and 8a_8b formed panel described may be applied to a core formed as described with respect to FIG 9a_9c, that may be controlled by, for example, adhesiveness outwardly protective film or viscous and provided that proper pressure is applied.

[0159]因此,可以提供可以被卷绕到卷上的芯,如图10中示意性地示出的。 [0159] Thus, it is possible to provide the core may be wound on a roll, as shown in FIG. 10 schematically illustrated. 然后,芯可以从卷解绕并且任何类型的结构层可以在压力Fp下被层压到芯以生产大体上连续的坯件,比如木材或层压制件的装饰层或背衬层。 Then, the core can be unwound from the roll and any type of structure may be laminated to the core layer to produce a substantially continuous blanks, such as wood laminate or decorative layer or a backing layer under pressure Fp.

[0160]注意到的是,如果期望直接生产嵌板坯件而不是通过将坯件分成若干较小的件来形成,则关于生产坯件的上文描述也可以被应用于嵌板坯件。 [0160] It is noted that, if desired the direct production of a panel blank instead of the blank into a number of smaller through member formed, the above description of the production of blanks may also be applied to the insert blank.

[0161] 木材块和膨胀性聚合物材料块的组合将被理解成本公开内容的实施方式的实施例。 [0161] a combination of wood blocks and expandable material block polymer will be appreciated that the embodiment of the embodiment cost of the disclosure. 更通常地,木材块可以被看作第一材料块并且膨胀性聚合物材料块可以被看作第二材料块。 More generally, the wood block can be considered as a first material block and the expanded polymer material blocks may be viewed as a second material block.

[0162] 因此,第一材料块可以由除了木材之外的另外的材料例如聚合物/塑料材料提供。 [0162] Thus, for example, the first material may be provided by another block of polymeric material other than wood / plastic material. 块可以由包含粘结剂的复合材料形成,复合材料比如聚合物基体、一种或更多种填充物和/ 或一种或更多种加固纤维。 Block may be formed of a composite material comprising a binder, a composite material such as a polymer matrix, one or more fillers and / or one or more reinforcing fibers.

[0163] 填充物的实例包括以下中的一种或更多种:木材刨花、木材颗粒、木材肩(锯肩、木粉)或木材纤维;矿物填充物(钙、白云石等);聚合物填充物(例如,重复利用的聚合物的大块或颗粒、橡胶或橡胶状材料)。 Examples [0163] The filler comprises one or more of: wood shavings, wood particles, wood shoulder (shoulder sawing, wood flour) or wood fiber; mineral filler (calcium, dolomite, etc.); Polymer fillers (e.g., bulk or recycled particulate polymer, rubber or rubber-like material).

[0164] 加固纤维的实例包括以下中的一种或更多种:玻璃纤维、碳纤维、植物纤维(例如大麻纤维、草纤维、竹纤维或木纤维或木绳)、或聚合物纤维。 [0164] Examples of reinforcing fibers comprises one or more of: glass fibers, carbon fibers, vegetable fibers (e.g. hemp fibers, straw fibers, bamboo or wood fibers or wood rope), or polymer fibers.

[0165] 因此,第一材料块可以由所谓的"工程木材"或"再造木材"形成,这因此从例如TO 2009/140136A2和W02010/082137A1中被了解,其全部内容因此通过引用并入本文。 [0165] Thus, the first block may be formed of a material so-called "engineered wood" or "reconstituted wood", which is therefore understood from the TO 2009 / 140136A2 and W02010 / 082137A1 e.g., the entire contents of which is hereby incorporated herein by reference.

[0166] 聚合物基体的实例包括以下中的一种或更多种:热塑性材料(聚乙烯、聚丙烯等)、 环氧树脂、聚氨基甲酸酯、热固性材料(苯酚、三聚氰胺、尿素或其组合)丙烯酸以及聚酯。 Examples of [0166] the polymer matrix comprises one or more of: a thermoplastic material (polyethylene, polypropylene, etc.), epoxy resin, polyurethane, thermoset materials (phenol, melamine, urea, or combinations) acrylate, and polyesters.

[0167] 第二材料块可以相对于以下中的至少一种不同于第一材料块:材料类型(即,其可以由完全不同的材料形成)、材料组成(即,其可以由与第一材料块相同但具有不同比例的材料形成)、材料密度(即,其可以形成(例如膨胀)为具有不同于第一材料块的密度)、材料硬度(即,其可以被处理以便获得更高或更低的硬度)以及材料弹性模量。 [0167] The second material blocks with respect to at least one of the following block is different from the first material: material type (i.e., which may be formed from a completely different material), material (i.e., which may be formed of a first material but with different proportions of the same block of material is formed), the density of the material (i.e., which may be formed (e.g., expansion) is a material having a first density being different), material hardness (i.e., which may be treated in order to obtain a higher or lower low hardness) and the elastic modulus. 通常,第一材料块可以具有沿着垂直于或以其他方式横向于芯的主方向L的方向I比第二材料块高的弹性模量,使得块因此更硬。 Typically, the first material block may have a main direction L along a direction perpendicular or otherwise transverse I ratio of the core to the second material blocks a high modulus of elasticity, so that the block harder. 这可以通过例如将长纤维布置成大体上垂直于芯的主方向L延伸来实现。 This may be substantially perpendicular to the main direction of the core is achieved by extending the L is arranged, for example, long fibers.

[0168] 第二材料块可以具有比第一材料块大体上低的密度,例如因为被膨胀。 [0168] The second material blocks may have a substantially lower density than the first material block, for example, because they are expanded.

[0169] 在备选方案中,第二材料块可以具有比第一材料块大体上高的密度,例如因为包含相对重的填充物。 [0169] In an alternative embodiment, the second material blocks may have a substantially higher density than the first material block, for example because it contains a relatively heavy fillers. 这可以是合意的以便减少噪声。 This may be desirable in order to reduce noise.

[0170] 第一材料块可以被选择成提供必要的弯曲强度和接合强度,而第二材料块可以被选择成提供另外的性质,比如重量减少、成本减少和/或噪声减少。 [0170] a first block material may be selected to provide the necessary bonding strength and bending strength, while the second material block may be selected to provide additional properties, such as weight reduction, cost reduction, and / or reduce noise.

[0171 ]上文提到的第二材料块可以由任何材料形成,所述任何材料可以是更少成本的、 具有更低密度和/或在平行于木材块的木材纤维的主方向的方向上的更低抗张强度。 [0171] The second material blocks mentioned above may be formed of any material, the material may be any less cost, lower density and / or in the direction parallel to the main direction of the wood block of wood fibers lower tensile strength.

[0172]因此,第二材料块可以包括工程木材产品。 [0172] Thus, the second material may include engineered wood products.

[0173]此类材料的第一实施例是所谓的LDF(低密度纤维板)或VLDF(极低密度纤维板), 其可以是通过模制或压缩模制木材刨花、木材颗粒和/或木肩形成的板。 [0173] The first embodiment of such a material is called the LDF (low density fiberboard) or VLDF (very low density fiberboard), which may be formed by molding or compression molding of wood shavings, wood particles and / or wood shoulder the board. 可以在潮湿或湿润条件期间模制此类材料,在该材料中没有或非常少的另外的粘结剂需要被添加。 Such materials may be molded during a damp or wet conditions with no or very little additional binder needs to be added in the material.

[0174] 例如,具有160kg/m3-500kg/m3的密度的LDF板可以被使用。 LDF plate [0174] For example, having a density of 160kg / m3-500kg / m3 may be used to.

[0175] 在备选方案中,具有200kg/m3-300kg/m3的密度的VLDF板可以被使用。 [0175] In an alternative embodiment, with 200kg / m3-300kg / m3 of density VLDF plate may be used. LDF板和VLDF 板从Rowell R.等人的:"Dimensionally Stabilized Very Low Density Fiberboard",木材与纤维科学(1995),27(4),第428-436页中被了解,其全部内容因此通过引用并入本文。 LDF board and VLDF board from Rowell R., et al: "Dimensionally Stabilized Very Low Density Fiberboard", Wood and Fiber Science (1995), 27 (4), pp. 428-436 was understood by reference in its entirety and therefore incorporated herein.

[0176] 在又一备选方案中,具有50kg/m3-200kg/m3的密度的ULDF(超低密度纤维)板可以被使用。 [0176] In a further alternative, having a density of 50kg / m3-200kg / m3 of ULDF (ultra low density fiber) board may be used. 此类纤维板通过Xie Y.等人的:"Manufacture and Properties of Ultra-Low Density foamed Fibreboard from Wood Fibre",生物资源6(4),4055-4066(2011)被了解,其全部内容因此通过引用并入本文。 Such fiberboard by Xie Y., et al: "Manufacture and Properties of Ultra-Low Density foamed Fibreboard from Wood Fibre", biological resources 6 (4), 4055-4066 (2011) is understood in its entirety by reference and therefore incorporated herein.

[0177] 因此,在大体上没有粘结剂(潮湿/湿润压缩模制)的情况下、在粘结剂的情况下和/或在另外的添加剂的情况下,可以提供具有低、极低或超低密度的纤维板。 [0177] Thus, substantially no binder in the (wet / wet compression molding) the case where, in the case of a binder and / or in the case of further additives, may provide a low or very low ultra-low-density fiberboard.

[0178] 还可以用非膨胀性复合材料聚合物材料块替换或补充膨胀性聚合物材料块或第二材料块,所述非膨胀性复合材料聚合物材料块包括聚合物基体和填充物,例如木材刨花、 木材颗粒、木材肩(锯肩、木粉)或木材纤维、矿物填充物(钙、白云石等)、聚合物填充物(例如,重复利用的聚合物、橡胶或橡胶状材料)。 [0178] may also be replaced by a block of non-expandable polymeric material or a composite material supplemental expandable polymer material blocks or a second block of material, the non-expandable polymeric material comprising a composite material blocks a polymer matrix and a filler, e.g. wood shavings, wood particles, wood shoulder (shoulder sawing, wood flour) or wood fibers, mineral fillers (calcium, dolomite and the like), polymer fillers (e.g., recycled polymer, rubber or rubber-like material).

[0179] 木材纤维(例如LDF、VLDF、ULDF)或填充有聚合物材料的第二材料块的暴露部分还可以被提供表面处理以便改进例如强度、摩擦(减少)或磨损性质。 [0179] Wood fibers (e.g. LDF, VLDF, ULDF) or filled with the exposed portion of the second material block polymeric material may also be provided in order to improve a surface treatment such as strength, friction (reduction) or wear properties. 此类处理可以包括施加渗透或涂覆形成的物质,比如漆和/或热固性聚合物。 Such treatment may include applying a coating formed of a substance or permeation, such as paint, and / or thermoset polymers.

[0180] 材料块类型中的至少一种可以是足够柔性的以允许芯弯曲以便提供一对相同类型的邻近的材料块(但在中间具有至少一个其他材料块)的主要表面法线之间的多于5°、优选地多于10°、多于15°、多于20°或多于25°的角度。 [0180] block of material types between at least one may be sufficiently flexible to allow the normal to the main surface of the core material bent to provide a pair of identical type blocks adjacent (but other materials having at least one block in the middle) of more than 5 °, preferably more than 10 °, more than 15 °, 20 ° or more than an angle of 25 °.

[0181] 通过直接并置的第一材料块和第二材料块之间的纵向空间还可以致使弯曲成为可能或利于弯曲。 [0181] through the longitudinal space between the first material and second material blocks directly juxtaposed block may also cause bending or facilitate bending possible. 该空间可以在〇. 、优选地0.、最优选地的量级上。 The space may be square., Preferably 0.5, most preferably of the order.

[0182] 此外,在相关的情况下,网状物20、21可以足够柔性以允许如上文描述的这样的弯曲。 [0182] Further, in the relevant case, the mesh 20, 21 may be sufficiently flexible to allow for such bending as described above.

[0183] 应理解的是,芯可以包含两种或更多种类型的材料块,所述两种或更多种类型的材料块可以在芯的主方向L上交替布置并且使其主方向I大体上垂直于芯的主方向L。 [0183] It should be understood that the core material may comprise a block of two or more types, the two or more types of material may be arranged alternately in the main direction L so that the main direction of the core and I substantially perpendicular to the main direction of the core of the L.

[0184] 还应理解的是,虽然以上所述的坯件、嵌板坯件以及地板嵌板已经作为三层结构(装饰层、芯层以及平衡层)被公开,但是还可以使用本公开内容的芯用于两层的嵌板,即包含装饰层和芯层的嵌板。 [0184] It should also be understood that, although the above-described blank, blank insert and the floor panels have been disclosed as a three-layer structure (decorative layer, a core layer and a balance layer), but the present disclosure may also be used the panels for the core layers, i.e., the panel comprising a decorative layer and a core layer. 此类嵌板可以被安装并且胶合到底层地板。 Such panels may be installed and glued to the subfloor. 其可以柔韧到使得吸收或符合底层地板的高度变化的程度。 To such an extent that it can be flexible in line with the absorption or change in height of the subfloor.

[0185] 在特定的实施方案中,可以提到以下的芯类型: [0185] In certain embodiments, the core may be mentioned the following types:

[0186] •木材块(第一材料)和填充的或非填充的膨胀性聚合物材料块(第二材料)的组合; [0186] • wood blocks (first material) and non-expandable material filled with a filling polymer block (a second material) in combination;

[0187] •木材块(第一材料)和低密度纤维板(ULDF、VLDF、LDF)块(第二材料)的组合;以及 [0187] • composition (second material) block wood blocks (first material) and low density fiberboard (ULDF, VLDF, LDF); and

[0188] •木材块(第一材料)和填充的非膨胀性聚合物材料块(第二材料)的组合; [0188] • wood blocks (first material) and non-expandable material filled polymer block (a second material) in combination;

[0189] 此类芯可以被用于具有本文公开的任何类型的装饰层和平衡层的地板嵌板。 [0189] Such a core can be used for any type of floor panels have decorative layer and balancing layer disclosed herein.

Claims (24)

  1. 1. 一种地板嵌板,包含: 装饰层(13),以及芯层(10、11),当所述地板嵌板水平定向时,所述芯层(10、11)布置在所述装饰层(13) 的下面, 平衡层,其中所述芯层被夹于所述平衡层和所述装饰层之间, 其中所述芯层包含多个木材块(10),所述木材块(10)被布置成使得其各自的主纤维方向平行于由所述地板嵌板的主要表面界定的平面(So)并且垂直于所述地板嵌板的主方向(L), 其中所述芯层(10、11)包含由不同于所述木材块(10)的材料制成的多个第二材料块(11),并且其中沿着所述地板嵌板的所述主方向(L),所述芯层呈现由所述木材块(10)和所述第二材料块(11)形成的交替部分, 其中所述第二材料块具有比所述木材块低的密度和/或在平行于所述主纤维方向的方向上比所述木材块低的抗张强度, 其中所述木材块(10)包括一种木材质量的木材块,所述木材质 1. A floor panel, comprising: when a decorative layer (13), and a core layer (10, 11), when the floor panel horizontal orientation, the core layer (10, 11) is arranged on the decorative layer (13) next, a balancing layer, wherein the core layer is sandwiched between the decorative layer and the balancing layer, wherein the core layer comprises a plurality of wood blocks (10), the wood blocks (10) are arranged such that their respective main fiber direction parallel to the plane (so) defined by a major surface of the floor panel and perpendicular to the main direction of the floor panel (L), wherein said core layer (10, 11) a second material comprising a plurality of blocks (11) is different from the wood blocks made of a material (10), and wherein along the main direction of the floor panel (L), the core layer alternating portions presented by the wood blocks (10) and the second material block (11) is formed, wherein the second material is lower than the block having a density of wood blocks and / or in parallel to the main fiber than the upper direction of the low tensile strength of wood blocks, wherein the block timber (10) comprises one wood quality wood blocks, the wooden material : 低于或等于根据1960年的瑞典"Gronaboken"( "绿皮书")标准的V; 低于或等于根据1994年的瑞典"B丨iahoken"( "蓝皮书")标准的B;和/或低于或等于2000年的欧洲EN 1611-1标准的G4-2/G2-2。 : Less than or equal to 1960 in accordance with the Swedish "Gronaboken" ( "Green Book") standard V; lower than or equal to 1994 in accordance with the Swedish "B Shu iahoken" ( "Blue Book") Standard B; and / or less than or equal to 2000 European EN 1611-1 standard G4-2 / ​​G2-2.
  2. 2. 如权利要求1所述的地板嵌板,其中所述木材质量: 低于或等于根据1960年的瑞典"Gr&iaboken"( "绿皮书")标准的VI; 低于或等于根据1994年的瑞典"Bllaboken"( "蓝皮书")标准的C;和/或低于或等于2000年的欧洲EN 1611-1标准的G4-3/G2-3。 2. The floor panel according to claim 1, wherein said timber mass: less than or equal to 1960 in accordance with the Swedish "Gr & iaboken" ( "Green Book") standards Vl; less than or equal to 1994 in accordance with Sweden "Bllaboken" ( "Blue Book") standard C; and / or less than or equal to 2000 European EN 1611-1 standard G4-3 / G2-3.
  3. 3. 如权利要求1所述的地板嵌板,其中所述木材质量: 低于或等于根据1960年的瑞典"Gronaboken"( "绿皮书")标准的VII; 低于或等于根据1994年的瑞典"Bl&a hoken"( "蓝皮书")标准的D;和/或低于或等于2000年的欧洲EN 1611-1标准的G4-4/G2-4。 3. The floor panel according to claim 1, wherein said timber mass: less than or equal to 1960 in accordance with the Swedish "Gronaboken" ( "Green Book") Standard VII; less than or equal to 1994 in accordance with Sweden "Bl & a hoken" ( "Blue Book") standard D; and / or less than or equal to 2000 European EN 1611-1 standard G4-4 / G2-4.
  4. 4. 如权利要求1-3中任一项所述的地板嵌板,其中沿着所述地板嵌板的所述主方向(L),所述第二材料块(11)的总长度少于所述木材块(10)的总长度。 4. The floor panel as claimed in any one of claims 1-3, wherein along the main direction of the floor panel (L), the second material block (11) is less than the total length the wood blocks (10) total length.
  5. 5. 如权利要求1-3中任一项所述的地板嵌板,其中沿着所述地板嵌板的所述主方向(L),所述第二材料块(11)的总长度多于所述地板嵌板的总长度的5%。 5. A floor panel as claimed in any one of claims 1-3, wherein along the main direction of the floor panel (L), the second material block (11) is more than the total length 5% of the total length of the floor panel.
  6. 6. 如权利要求1-3中任一项所述的地板嵌板,其中沿着所述地板嵌板的所述主方向(L),所述第二材料块(11)的总长度多于所述地板嵌板的总长度的10%。 6. The floor panel as claimed in any one of claims 1-3, wherein along the main direction of the floor panel (L), the second material block (11) is more than the total length 10% of the total length of the floor panel.
  7. 7. 如权利要求1-3中任一项所述的地板嵌板,其中沿着所述地板嵌板的所述主方向(L),所述第二材料块(11)的总长度多于所述地板嵌板的总长度的20%。 7. The floor panel as claimed in any one of claims 1-3, wherein along the main direction of the floor panel (L), the second material block (11) is more than the total length 20% of the total length of the floor panel.
  8. 8. 如权利要求1-3中任一项所述的地板嵌板,其中沿着所述地板嵌板的所述主方向(L),所述第二材料块(11)的总长度多于所述地板嵌板的总长度的30%。 8. The floor panel as claimed in any one of claims 1-3, wherein along the main direction of the floor panel (L), the second material block (11) is more than the total length 30% of the total length of the floor panel.
  9. 9. 如权利要求1-3中任一项所述的地板嵌板,其中沿着所述地板嵌板的所述主方向(L),所述第二材料块(11)的总长度多于所述地板嵌板的总长度的40%。 9. The floor panel according to any one of claims 1-3, wherein along the main direction of the floor panel (L), the second material block (11) is more than the total length 40% of the total length of the floor panel.
  10. 10. 如权利要求1-3中任一项所述的地板嵌板,其中所述第二材料块包含膨胀性聚合物材料块。 10. The floor panel as claimed in any one of claims 1-3, wherein said second expandable material block comprises a block polymer material.
  11. 11. 如权利要求10所述的地板嵌板,其中所述第二材料块包含膨胀性聚乙烯、膨胀性聚丙烯以及膨胀性聚苯乙烯、挤塑聚苯乙烯泡沫中的至少一种。 11. The floor panel according to claim 10, wherein said second material comprises a block of expanded polyethylene, expanded polypropylene and expanded polystyrene, at least one extruded polystyrene foam.
  12. 12. 如权利要求1-3中任一项所述的地板嵌板,其中所述第二材料块包括工程木材产品。 12. The floor panel as claimed in any one of claims 1-3, wherein said second material includes engineered wood products.
  13. 13. 如权利要求1-3中任一项所述的地板嵌板,其中所述第二材料块包含非膨胀性聚合物材料,所述非膨胀性聚合物材料包括填充物材料。 13. The floor panel of any one of claims 1-3, wherein said second block material comprising a non-expandable polymeric material, said non-expanded polymeric material comprises a filler material.
  14. 14. 如权利要求1-3中任一项所述的地板嵌板,其中所述芯层还包含加固插入物部分。 14. A floor panel as claimed in any one of claims 1-3, wherein said core layer further comprises a reinforcing insert portion.
  15. 15. 如权利要求1-3中任一项所述的地板嵌板,其中所述第二材料块(11)在所述第二材料块被暴露的边缘部分处设置有表面涂层。 15. A floor panel as claimed in any one of claims 1-3, wherein the second material block (11) is provided with a surface coating material at the edge portion of the second block is exposed.
  16. 16. 如权利要求1-3中任一项所述的地板嵌板,其中所述第二材料块(11)在所述第二材料块被暴露的边缘部分处呈现增加密度的一部分。 16. The floor panel according to any one of claims 1-3, wherein said portion to increase the density of the second material block (11) presents at the edge portions of the second material block is exposed.
  17. 17. 如权利要求1-3中任一项所述的地板嵌板,其中所述装饰层(13)包含木材。 17. A floor panel as claimed in any one of claims 1-3, wherein said decorative layer (13) comprises wood.
  18. 18. -种制造地板嵌板的方法,包括: 以共平面的方式并排地布置多个长形的木材块(10),使得其各自的纵向方向(I)彼此平行以形成芯层, 为所述芯层提供至少装饰层(13)以形成嵌板坯件, 为所述芯层提供平衡层,使得所述芯层被夹于所述平衡层和所述装饰层之间, 切割所述嵌板坯件以形成长形的地板嵌板坯件,使得所述木材块的纵向方向(I)垂直于所述地板嵌板坯件的主方向(L), 提供多个第二材料块(11 ),所述第二材料块(11)与所述木材块(10)沿着所述地板嵌板坯件的所述主方向(L)交替布置, 所述第二材料块具有比所述木材块低的密度和/或在平行于主纤维方向的方向上比所述木材块(10)低的抗张强度, 所述木材块(10)包括一种木材质量的木材块,所述木材质量: 低于或等于根据1960年的瑞典"Gr&iaboken"( "绿皮书")标准的V; 低于或等于根据1994年 18. - The method of manufacturing a floor panel, comprising: a coplanar manner arranged side by side a plurality of elongate wood blocks (10), such that their respective longitudinal direction (I) parallel to each other to form a core for the providing at least a core layer of said decorative layer (13) to form a panel blank, said core to provide a balancing layer, such that the core layer is sandwiched between the decorative layer and the balancing layer, the cutting insert blank to form an elongate floor panel blank, such that the longitudinal direction (I) of the wood block perpendicular to the main direction of the floor panel of the blank (L), a second material providing a plurality of blocks (11 ), the second material block (11) of the wood blocks (10) fitted to the main direction of the blank along the floor (L) alternately arranged, the second material than the wood block block low density and / or the ratio in a direction parallel to the main fiber direction of the wood blocks (10) a lower tensile strength, the wood blocks (10) comprises one of wood blocks of wood mass, the mass of wood : less than or equal to 1960 V according to the Swedish "Gr & iaboken" ( "green book") standard; of 1994 lower than or equal 的瑞典"Bl:&aboken"( "蓝皮书")标准的B;和/或低于或等于2000年的欧洲EN 1611-1标准的G4-2/G2-2。 Sweden "Bl: & aboken" ( "Blue Book") standard B; and / or less than or equal to 2000 European EN 1611-1 standard G4-2 / ​​G2-2.
  19. 19. 如权利要求18所述的方法,其中所述木材质量: 低于或等于根据1960年的瑞典"Gronaboken"( "绿皮书")标准的VI; 低于或等于根据1994年的瑞典"B诏ahoken"( "蓝皮书")标准的C;和/或低于或等于2000年的欧洲EN 1611-1标准的G4-3/G2-3。 19. The method according to claim 18, wherein said timber mass: less than or equal to 1960 in accordance with the Swedish "Gronaboken" ( "Green Book") standards Vl; less than or equal to 1994 in accordance with Swedish " B Chao ahoken "(" Blue Book ") standard C; and / or less than or equal to 2000 European standard EN 1611-1 G4-3 / G2-3.
  20. 20. 如权利要求18所述的方法,其中所述木材质量: 低于或等于根据1960年的瑞典"Gronaboken"( "绿皮书")标准的VII; 低于或等于根据1994年的瑞典"B设ahoken"( "蓝皮书")标准的D;和/或低于或等于2000年的欧洲EN 1611-1标准的G4-4/G2-4。 20. The method according to claim 18, wherein said timber mass: less than or equal to 1960 in accordance with the Swedish "Gronaboken" ( "Green Book") Standard VII; less than or equal to 1994 in accordance with Swedish " B disposed ahoken "(" Blue Book ") standard D; and / or less than or equal to 2000 European standard EN 1611-1 G4-4 / G2-4.
  21. 21. 如权利要求18所述的方法,还包括沿着所述地板嵌板坯件的所述主方向(L)形成锁紧装置(30、31)。 21. The method according to claim 18, further comprising a main direction of the insert blank along the floor (L) forming a locking means (30, 31).
  22. 22. 如权利要求21所述的方法,还包括沿着所述地板嵌板坯件的一个边缘形成机械连接装置并且在所述机械连接装置的至少一部分上提供表面处理。 22. The method according to claim 21, further comprising an edge insert a blank along the floor and a mechanical connection means providing a surface treatment on at least part of the mechanical connection means.
  23. 23. 如权利要求22所述的方法,其中所述表面处理包括将涂层施加到所述第二材料块的暴露部分。 23. The method according to claim 22, wherein said surface treatment comprises applying a coating to the exposed portion of the second material block.
  24. 24. 如权利要求22或23所述的方法,其中所述表面处理包括热形成所述第二材料块的暴露部分。 24. The method of claim 22 or claim 23, wherein said surface treatment comprises forming said exposed second portion of the thermal block material.
CN 201280073097 2012-05-08 2012-05-08 Core, the insert blank, and the method for producing the floor panel CN104302854B (en)

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