CN104297017B - Water body sampling device - Google Patents

Water body sampling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104297017B
CN104297017B CN201410599847.6A CN201410599847A CN104297017B CN 104297017 B CN104297017 B CN 104297017B CN 201410599847 A CN201410599847 A CN 201410599847A CN 104297017 B CN104297017 B CN 104297017B
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sampling
magnetic induction
cover plate
water
water body
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CN201410599847.6A
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CN104297017A (en
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田一彤
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Zhongshan Zheng Qing Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.
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田一彤
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Abstract

The invention relates to a sampling device and aims to overcome the technical problems existing in application process of the conventional applied deep water sampling barrel. The water body sampling device provided by the invention comprises a sampling cup, wherein a circular through hole is formed in the bottom of the sampling cup; a cover plate is arranged on the through hole; the cover plate is hinged to the bottom of the barrel body in an elastic manner; the water body sampling device is characterized by further comprising a sampling cup holder; a traction rope is fixed at the top of the sampling cup holder; a magnetic induction sleeve capable of slipping freely is arranged on the traction rope; a plurality of Hall sensors are sequentially arranged in the traction rope in accordance with setting distance; all the Hall sensors are electrically connected with a controller at the tail end of the traction rope; a magnetic induction coil is arranged at the bottom of the sampling cup holder; a magnetic column is arranged at the back side of the cover plate; when the cover plate is turned over, the magnetic column directly faces the top end of the magnetic induction coil; the material density of the sampling cup and the sampling cup holder is greater than the density of water. The water body sampling device can be widely applied in the water sample collecting operation in the environmental protection and vector control departments.

Description

Water body sampler
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of sampler, specifically refer to a kind of water body sampler.
Background technology
Water sampling is the modal work of the department such as environmental protection, epidemic prevention, and mostly current water sampling is to be undertaken by sample bucket or sampling cup.With the sample bucket used at present or sampling cup when carrying out water sampling, if operation is relatively easy when locality going up water surface sample, hand-held mode direct sample can be adopted.But when gathering some human bodies and cannot contacting the water body sample of the water surface, as the water body sample of deep well, often need by pulling rope sample bucket or sampling cup to be put to sample to water body.According to epidemic prevention standard, the water body taking out the distance water surface 2-5 rice degree of depth is needed to chemically examine as sample to the sampling of Character in Drinking Well Water, and adopting traditional sampling apparatus due to the effect of buoyancy, sample bucket or sampling cup are difficult to the degree of depth of being down to water surface following provisions, do not reach the object of deep water sampling.Application number: 201120544166.1, title: deep water sampling bucket, following technical scheme is disclosed: deep water sampling bucket in this patent document, comprise a staving, bung fixes pulling rope, it is characterized in that: described staving, its density of material is greater than water-mass density, is provided with crosspiece at bung, manhole is had bottom staving, through hole is provided with cover plate, cover plate and staving bottom resilient hinged, on the cover board steady brace, pull bar extends upwardly to bung, a hinged hook on pull bar top, hang on the crosspiece of bung, hook is provided with the rope that breaks off relations.This deep water sampling bucket owing to being provided with through hole bottom staving, and the impact that can overcome water body buoyancy utilizes the weight of staving to sink in water, is namely plugged within sample bucket when reaching sampling water layer rear enclosed through hole water sample.But there is following technical matters in this deep water sampling bucket: 1, the folding of staving bottom cover plate is controlled by the hook on pull bar top, and hook and the clutch of bung crosspiece adopt, and breaking off relations restricts controls, in actual mechanical process, break off relations when rope is transferred with pulling rope and be easy to produce winding, after being wound around, pulling unhook rope to be easy to cause and to break off relations unsuccessfully, directly causing water sampling failure; Drawing being easy to cause break off relations to restrict in the process of rope with pulling rope below that break off relations in addition, after pulling rope hose tool, staving bottom cover plate closes by mistake, causes staving to enter water failure by mistake.2, this deep water sampling bucket is adopted to be difficult to accurately control the sampling depth of water body, although scale can be arranged to be indicated on pulling rope rope body, but when carrying out deep well sampling, if the height of water surface distance well head can not be learnt, the underwater penetration of sample bucket cannot be calculated.
Summary of the invention
For overcoming the technical matters that the deep water sampling bucket that uses at present in use exists, the invention provides a kind of rational in infrastructure, water body sampler that automaticity is higher.
For realizing above-mentioned technical purpose, the technical solution used in the present invention is: water body sampler, comprise a sampling cup, the bottom of sampling cup has manhole, through hole is provided with cover plate, cover plate and staving bottom resilient hinged, it is characterized in that: also comprise sampling glass stand, it is inner that sampling cup is positioned at sampling glass stand, fixes pulling rope at the top of sampling glass stand; Described pulling rope is provided with the magnetic induction cover that can be free to slide, and the floatability of magnetic induction cover is on the water surface, and fix some Hall elements in the inside of pulling rope successively by setpoint distance, each Hall element is electrically connected with the controller of pulling rope tail end respectively; Bottom sampling glass stand, be provided with a magnetic induction coil, be provided with a magnetic post at the back side of described cover plate, after cover plate opens, the top of magnetic post and magnetic induction coil is just right, and the electric power conductor of described magnetic induction coil is electrically connected with controller through pulling rope inside; The density of material of described sampling cup, sampling glass stand is greater than water-mass density.
Further, for preventing sampling cup from rotating in sampling glass stand, in described sampling glass stand, the friction disc contacted with sampling cup is provided with.
Further, described pulling rope inside is provided with a flexible pipe, and described Hall element is fixed on the inside pipe wall of flexible pipe, and the described wire be connected with controller is positioned at flexible tube.
Further, described magnetic induction cover comprises a tubular magnet, the coated one deck expanded material of outside surface of tubular magnet.
Further, described staving bottom through-hole, is provided with ring-type concave station at the periphery of through hole, and at the bottom of concave station top and bucket, inside surface is positioned at same plane.
Further, the surface of described ring-type concave station is provided with one deck packing washer.
After this water body sampler adopts said structure, arranging the impact that through hole can overcome water body buoyancy in the bottom of sampling cup utilizes the weight of sampling cup and sampling glass stand to sink fast in water, and the opening of through hole upper cover plate, closes and realize automatically controlling by controller.Due to pulling rope inner according to pulling rope underwater penetration relative set Hall element, after the Hall element of set position is overlapped by the magnetic induction on the water surface, the controller cover plate can automatically closed bottom sampling cup sends alert notification operating personnel simultaneously and extracts water sample.This water body sampler is rational in infrastructure, automaticity is high, effectively can solve technical matters existing when carrying out deep water sampling at present, can be widely used in the water sampling operation of the department such as environmental protection, epidemic prevention.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is the structural representation of sampling cup.
Accompanying drawing 2 is the structural representation of sampling glass stand.
Accompanying drawing 3 be in accompanying drawing 2 A-A to structure cut-open view.
The structural representation that accompanying drawing 4 overlaps for magnetic induction.
Accompanying drawing 5 is the structure cut-open view of pulling rope.
in figure, 1, sampling cup, 1-1, through hole, 1-2, cover plate, 1-3, magnetic post, 1-4, ring-type concave station, 1-5, packing washer, 2, sampling glass stand, 2-1, collar, 2-2, foundation ring, 2-3, guide pillar, 2-4, back-up block, 2-5, frame are carried, 2-6, magnetic induction coil, 2-7, stem stem, 2-8, friction disc, 2-9, electric power conductor, 3, pulling rope, 3-1, wearing layer, 3-2, flexible pipe, 4, magnetic induction cover, 4-1, tubular magnet, 4-2, expanded material, 5, controller, 6, Hall element.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention will be further described.
This water body sampler comprises sampling cup 1 and sampling glass stand 2.
As shown in Figure 1, the bottom of sampling cup 1 has manhole 1-1 to the structure of sampling cup 1, and through hole is provided with cover plate 1-2, cover plate 1-2 and staving bottom resilient hinged, without under the effect of external force, cover plate 1-2 is forced to be sealed on above through hole 1-1.As shown in Figure 1, a magnetic post 1-3 is fixed at the back side of cover plate 1-2.
As shown in Figure 1, sealing through hole 1-1 for enabling cover plate 1-2 prevents water sample from revealing, during making, the bottom-thickened of sampling cup 1, inside surface first at the bottom of cup processes a circular concave station, then at the center of circular concave station processing through hole 1-1, makes the periphery of through hole 4 form a ring-type concave station 1-4, the diameter of cover plate 1-2 is slightly less than the diameter of circular concave station 1-4, and cover plate 1-2 is embedded within concave station 1-4 and is plugged on through hole 1-1.
For further enhanced leaktightness effect, as shown in Figure 1, one deck packing washer 1-5 is provided with on the surface of ring-type concave station 1-4.
The material that the making material of sampling cup 1 should select density to be greater than water makes, and preferably adopts non-magnet material to make, as glass, aluminium alloy etc.
The structure of sampling glass stand 2 as shown in Figure 2, it guide pillar 2-3 comprising collar 2-1 and foundation ring 2-2 and connect collar 2-1 and foundation ring 2-2, foundation ring 2-2 is provided with 4 back-up block 2-4 extended internally, after sampling glass stand 2 inside put into by the sampling cup 1 shown in accompanying drawing 1, be sitting at the bottom of the cup of sampling cup 1 on back-up block 2-4.In the present embodiment, collar 2-1, foundation ring 2-2, guide pillar 2-3 and back-up block 2-4 adopt non-magnet material to make, and its density is greater than water-mass density, as aluminium alloy or copper material, wherein collar 2-1, foundation ring 2-2 and guide pillar 2-3 are hollow tubular, pass by tube chamber to facilitate wire.
As shown in Figure 2, the top of sampling glass stand 2 is provided with frame and carries 2-5, and one end of pulling rope 3 is fixed on frame and carries on 2-5, and the other end of pulling rope 3 is connected with controller 5, is provided with a magnetic induction cover 4 that can be free to slide on pulling rope 3 simultaneously.
As shown in Figure 4, magnetic induction cover 4 comprises a tubular magnet 4-1, outside surface coated one deck expanded material 4-2 of tubular magnet.Utilize the low density feature of expanded material 4-2 that whole magnetic induction can be made to overlap 4 to float on the water surface.
As shown in Figure 3, the inside of one of them back-up block 2-4 bottom sampling glass stand is provided with magnetic induction coil 2-6, magnetic induction coil 2-6 is wrapped on a stem stem 2-7, stem stem 2-7 and magnetic induction coil 2-6 is embedded in back-up block 2-4 inside and makes Seal treatment, by two electric power conductors of extraction on magnetic induction coil 2-6 (not shown in accompanying drawing 3).
After sampling cup 1 is positioned at sampling glass stand 2 inside, the position of adjustment sampling cup 1 makes cover plate 1-2 open the magnetic post 1-3 at its back side rear just to the top of magnetic induction coil 2-6, magnetic field is produced after magnetic induction coil 2-6 is energized, the magnetic post 1-3 at the cover plate 1-2 back side holds by this magnetic field to be guaranteed that cover plate 1-2 is in and stable opens state, when after magnetic induction coil 2-6 dead electricity, magnetic field dissipate, cover plate 1-2 automatically closes the through hole capping bottom sampling cup under the effect of elastic hinge joint device.
Known by foregoing description, the position of sampling cup 1 in sampling glass stand 2 should be relatively fixing, for preventing sampling cup 1 from rotating in sampling glass stand 2, as shown in Figure 2, the guide pillar 2-3 of sampling glass stand is respectively equipped with the friction disc 2-8 contacted with sampling cup wall of cup.
As shown in Figure 5, the inside of pulling rope 3 is provided with a flexible pipe 3-2, flexible pipe 3-2 adopts the plastic flexible pipe that water resistance is good to make, coated one deck wearing layer 3-1 on the outer wall of flexible pipe 3-2, wearing layer 3-1 adopts the braiding of high-strength polyethylene silk to form, and becomes to be integrated between wearing layer 3-1 with flexible pipe 3-2 by adhesive bond.Tube wall in flexible pipe 3-2 fixes Hall element 6 successively according to setpoint distance.Begin to arrange a Hall element 6 every 1 meter as carried 2-5 link from pulling rope 3 and frame, 8 Hall elements are set in the present embodiment, the length of pulling rope 3 is at least 8 meters, and the signal wire 6-1 of each Hall element 6 is stretched out by the tail end of pulling rope 3 and is connected with controller 5.As shown in Figure 5, on aforesaid magnetic induction coil 2-6, extraction two electric power conductor 2-9 deliver to controller 5 through also entering pulling rope 3 inside after sampling glass stand 2 simultaneously.The initiating terminal of pulling rope 3 should take the anti-sealing of closed measure to enter flexible pipe 3-2 inside.
The sampling process of this water body sampler for: shown in accompanying drawing 2, after sampling glass stand 2, pulling rope 3, controller 5 are connected, sampling cup 1 is put into sampling glass stand 2 inner, controller 5 controls magnetic induction coil 2-6 and obtains electric, and magnetic induction coil 2-6 produces magnetic field, is dug by cover plate 1-2 by bottom sampling cup, rotate sampling cup, make the magnetic post 1-3 aligned magnetic inductive coil 2-6 top at the cover plate 1-2 back side and held by magnetic induction coil 2-6, cover plate 1-2 is in stable tip-up state, and through hole 1-1 opens.Controller 5 sets the water sampling degree of depth, such as, under the water intaking face water sample of 5 meters of degree of depth, sampling cup 1 and sampling glass stand 2 put down by hand-held pulling rope 3, now magnetic induction cover 4 is positioned at the bottom of pulling rope 3, after sampling glass stand 2 and sampling cup 1 contact the water surface, because through hole 1-1 opens, sampling cup 1 and sampling glass stand 2 utilize own wt can enter below the water surface smoothly, when after the magnetic induction cover 4 contact water surface, magnetic induction cover 4 swims on the water surface, now pulling rope 3 continues descending with sampling cup and sampling glass stand 2, when the Hall element 6 in pulling rope 3 overlaps 4 through magnetic induction, Hall element 6 sends signal to controller 5, controller 5 calculates the number through the Hall element 6 of magnetic induction cover 4 thus calculates the distance of the sampling cup distance water surface, when sampling cup arrives 5 meters of degree of depth below the water surface, namely the 5th Hall element is when magnetic induction overlaps 4, controller 5 give the alarm remind operator sample arrive assigned position stop transfer, magnetic induction coil 2-6 dead electricity is controlled with Time Controller 5, magnetic field dissipate, cover plate 1-2 bottom sampling cup 1 overturns through hole 1-1 capping fast under the effect of elastic hinge, water sample is inner to sampling cup 1 by shutoff, now operator proposes the water sample that this water body sampler can obtain regulation.
In the present embodiment, controller 5 preferably adopts single-chip computer control system, the preferred 80C31 series monolithic of single-chip microcomputer, because this series monolithic has P0-P4 totally 32 I/O interfaces, the signal of each Hall element and the power supply signal of magnetic induction coil can be connected with single-chip microcomputer easily.Disclosed in 80C31 series monolithic, data is more, namely the introduction of this single-chip microcomputer is had in the study course of many universities, comparatively abundant disclosed in the concrete connection that this series monolithic is controlled and programming operation, in the present embodiment water body sampler, the concrete circuit of control box and programming operation are easy to be achieved with reference to existing open material, do not repeat them here.

Claims (6)

1. water body sampler, comprises a sampling cup, and the bottom of sampling cup has manhole, through hole is provided with cover plate, cover plate and staving bottom resilient hinged, it is characterized in that: also comprise sampling glass stand, it is inner that sampling cup is positioned at sampling glass stand, fixes pulling rope at the top of sampling glass stand; Described pulling rope is provided with the magnetic induction cover that can be free to slide, and the floatability of magnetic induction cover is on the water surface, and fix some Hall elements in the inside of pulling rope successively by setpoint distance, each Hall element is electrically connected with the controller of pulling rope tail end respectively; Bottom sampling glass stand, be provided with a magnetic induction coil, be provided with a magnetic post at the back side of described cover plate, after cover plate opens, the top of magnetic post and magnetic induction coil is just right, and the electric power conductor of described magnetic induction coil is electrically connected with controller through pulling rope inside; The density of material of described sampling cup, sampling glass stand is greater than water-mass density.
2. water body sampler according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with the friction disc contacted with sampling cup in described sampling glass stand.
3. water body sampler according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described pulling rope inside is provided with a flexible pipe, and described Hall element is fixed on the inside pipe wall of flexible pipe, and the described wire be connected with controller is positioned at flexible tube.
4. water body sampler according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described magnetic induction cover comprises a tubular magnet, the coated one deck expanded material of outside surface of tubular magnet.
5. water body sampler according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described staving bottom through-hole, is provided with ring-type concave station at the periphery of through hole, and at the bottom of concave station top and bucket, inside surface is positioned at same plane.
6. water body sampler according to claim 5, is characterized in that: the surface of described ring-type concave station is provided with one deck packing washer.
CN201410599847.6A 2014-10-31 2014-10-31 Water body sampling device Active CN104297017B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109425500A (en) * 2017-08-21 2019-03-05 广东核电合营有限公司 A kind of telescopic deep water sampling system applied to nuclear power plant

Citations (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201025470Y (en) * 2007-02-08 2008-02-20 孝感市诺普电子科技有限责任公司 An alarming device for biologic organic spin-drier
CN202433224U (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-09-12 李建勋 Deepwater sampling barrel
CN202757798U (en) * 2012-08-31 2013-02-27 中国水利水电科学研究院 Portable visible deep water sampling instrument
CN203350073U (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-12-18 兰州威立雅水务(集团)有限责任公司 Water quality sampler
CN204177612U (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-02-25 田一彤 Water body sampler

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3804807B1 (en) * 2005-11-07 2006-08-02 株式会社キンキ地質センター Groundwater sampling device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201025470Y (en) * 2007-02-08 2008-02-20 孝感市诺普电子科技有限责任公司 An alarming device for biologic organic spin-drier
CN202433224U (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-09-12 李建勋 Deepwater sampling barrel
CN202757798U (en) * 2012-08-31 2013-02-27 中国水利水电科学研究院 Portable visible deep water sampling instrument
CN203350073U (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-12-18 兰州威立雅水务(集团)有限责任公司 Water quality sampler
CN204177612U (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-02-25 田一彤 Water body sampler

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Inventor after: Shi Baoying

Inventor before: Tian Yitong

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Effective date of registration: 20170718

Address after: 064199 Hebei province Tangshan City Yutian County Guo Bei Wang Zhuang Cun Jia Tun Xiang Xi Street No. 61

Patentee after: Shi Baoying

Address before: 264300 Rongcheng City, Shandong Province Cultural East Road, No. 20, No.

Patentee before: Tian Yitong

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Effective date of registration: 20180413

Address after: Haimen City Jiangsu city of Nantong province is more than 216100 Zhenan Bridge Village nine Group No. 101

Patentee after: Haimen Chuang Hao Industrial Design Co., Ltd.

Address before: 064199 Hebei province Tangshan City Yutian County Guo Bei Wang Zhuang Cun Jia Tun Xiang Xi Street No. 61

Patentee before: Shi Baoying

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Effective date of registration: 20190807

Address after: Room E421-1, Junxianju, Baishawan Industrial Park, North Section of Changjiang North Road, East District, Zhongshan City, Guangdong Province

Patentee after: Zhongshan Zheng Qing Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 216100 No. 101, Nine Groups, Banqiao Village, Zhengyu Town, Haimen City, Nantong City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee before: Haimen Chuang Hao Industrial Design Co., Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right