CN104294910A - Building built using straw as important material - Google Patents

Building built using straw as important material Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104294910A
CN104294910A CN201310301808.9A CN201310301808A CN104294910A CN 104294910 A CN104294910 A CN 104294910A CN 201310301808 A CN201310301808 A CN 201310301808A CN 104294910 A CN104294910 A CN 104294910A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
standing grain
straw
golden
plate
jinhe
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310301808.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱寿春
朱乐中
郎广智
Original Assignee
朱寿春
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 朱寿春 filed Critical 朱寿春
Priority to CN201310301808.9A priority Critical patent/CN104294910A/en
Publication of CN104294910A publication Critical patent/CN104294910A/en

Links

Classifications

    • Y02A30/245
    • Y02A30/261
    • Y02B30/94

Abstract

The invention discloses a building built using straw as an important material, and belongs to the fields of low carbon, environmental protection, energy conservation, waste utilization, building materials or the like. The straw serves as an important building material for building various green buildings with high thermal insulation and high energy conservation. The advantages of plates made from straw and straw are used, and the defects of plates made of straw and the straw are overcome; the plates made of straw and the straw are applied to buildings to replace wall materials and thermal insulation materials; the service life lasts 50 years; the I/II-stage fire prevention is achieved; the energy saving rate reaches 80%; and the comprehensive building cost is reduced by 10%. A building made from straw is realized through two implementation modes of straw components and a straw outer wall outer insulation system; the straw components can be designed by a limit state design method, are calculated by a partial coefficient expression, and are used for outer wall panels, roof panels and internal wall panels of multi-floor, high-rise and super high-rise structures through standard design and industrial production; and the straw outer wall outer insulation system is suitable for a brick-concrete structure and a high-rise or super high-rise shear wall structure. The building made from straw is a world-leading straw application technology, and has a wide prospect.

Description

With the building that rice wheat straw is important materials construction

One, technical field

The present invention's gold standing grain spacious mansion belongs to low-carbon (LC), environmental protection, energy-conservation, profit is useless, building materials are multi-field.

Term:

1. gold standing grain: flavous straw, wheat straw etc. are called Jin He.

2. Jinhe plate: be called Jinhe plate with the structural lumber that golden standing grain makes as main material." straw board " comprises compressed straw slab and wheat straw plate all belongs to Jinhe plate.

3. gold standing grain component: the structural element such as the golden standing grain side fascia, roof panel, floor and the interior partition plate that make as main material of Jinhe plate, are called golden standing grain component.

4. gold standing grain spacious mansion: the various height insulations of building as Important building material with golden standing grain, high energy-conservation friendly building, be called golden standing grain spacious mansion.

5. overhead pad: the backing plate of built on stilts Jinhe plate between two-layer Jinhe plate, is called overhead pad.

6. ironware: be configured in the length of load bearing material such as steel or plastic-steel outside golden standing grain component Jinhe plate, be called ironware.

7. connector: the structural element connecting ironware, Jinhe plate and overhead pad, is called connector.

8. topping: the outside overlaying on golden standing grain component outward, protects the deck of golden standing grain component, is called topping.

9. gold standing grain insulation layer: the heat insulating material made of the golden standing grain of chopping, as insulation layer, is called golden standing grain insulation layer.

10. framed building gold standing grain component: main body load-carrying members are steel (steel concrete) frame construction, comprise bent structure and portal frame structure, and supporting component is the building of golden standing grain component, is called framed building gold standing grain component.

11. gold medal standing grain external thermal insulation systems: the external thermal insulation system made at outside Jinhe plate and the heat insulating material of base course wall, are called golden standing grain external thermal insulation system.

Two, background technology

Jin He is agricultural residue, is annual renewable resource, and inexhaustible, low price, to human body without harm.The advantages such as Jin He has from heavy and light, and tensile strength is high, adiabatic and sound insulation value is good are good constructional materialss.China approximately can produce 300,000,000 tons of straw and 300,000,000 tons of wheat straws every year, and being a huge resource, is also a great riches., when paddy and wheat harvesting after, have considerable golden standing grain to be burned in the fields immediately, the greenhouse gases emitted and flue dust quantity big, cannot estimate, aggravation climate warming, atmosphere pollution, harm humans existence.

The world today, oil, coal, gold, silver, copper, iron, tin, aluminium, lead, manganese, nickel, rare earth ... day by day exhausted etc. important mineral resources, what have can only exploit 50 ~ 100 years, and what have can also exploit 200 ~ 300 years.Within 50 ~ 300 years, be only in the click of a finger in the history of the mankind.After the resource exploitation of these preciousnesses is over, the survival and development of the mankind can run into great difficulty, even can threaten the existence of the mankind, and the contradiction in the world will be the contradiction of fighting for resource.The U.S. seldom exploits the resource of this country, and utilize the resource of other country specially, some important resources of Japanese import are in store, and are even imbedded in seabed, and they are all in order to sustainable development.Mineral Resources in China is enriched, and due to populous, exhaustive exploitation, the level of resources utilization is low, waste is serious, and per capita resources owning amount is quite poor.The cultivated land resource of China and water resource are also very in short supply, and resource is the maximum bottleneck of restriction China sustainable development.Farsighted politician, enterpriser, leaders and people of all nationalities, should put in the first place economizing on resources, reclaim and make good use of waste and old resource, substitute products and the application technology of above-mentioned resource are researched and developed in simultaneously Efforts To Develop, encouragement, support, in order to the sustainable development of China, in order to the interests of descendants, work is in the contemporary generation must be carried out, the cause of profit is in the future thousands of years, and, must begin in.

The mankind are faced with from utilizing non-renewable resources excessively to the transformation of history and the challenge that utilize renewable resource, and to the research of plant resources, understanding and continuable utilization, have become one of major criterion of a measurement national comprehensive strength.

The main material of gold standing grain spacious mansion is Jinhe plate, and current of China produces compressed straw slab, does not also produce wheat straw plate.The art of this patent mainly utilizes compressed straw slab, produces wheat straw plate from now on, is suitable for this patent equally.

Nineteen thirty, first Sweden studied compressed straw slab, then improves through Britain's development, and in nineteen forty-six through the qualification of English architecture research institute, be used widely architectural.More than 10 country was had all successively to introduce compressed straw slab production line afterwards, some houses with compressed straw slab lid, 66 years so far.China introduces two compressed straw slab production lines in 1981 from Britain, within 1985, is constructed and put into operation.There are some units in China on the basis of digesting and assimilating import compressed straw slab production equipment, and oneself produces compressed straw slab production equipment, has built up a lot of bar compressed straw slab production line.Within 1988, China has issued " straw board " GB9781-88 national standard, has also had 24 years so far.No matter abroad, still at home, all built some compressed straw slab houses, but compressed straw slab development is very slow, can not form industry all the time, most compressed straw slab manufacturing enterprise is in stopping production, bankruptcy status.The main cause of this situation is caused to have two:

(1), compressed straw slab self has serious shortcoming:

1. water funk, fearness humidity.The plate core of compressed straw slab is by water soaking, and volume expands immediately, and intensity disappears completely, becomes the rotten grass that a pile is loose.Compressed straw slab is located in a humid environment for a long time, can mouldy, can rot.

2. compressed straw slab is organic matter, belongs to hard-combustible component, and fire endurance is 1.0 hours, can not meet the fire protection requirement of I, II level fireproof gold standing grain side fascia, roof panel and floor etc. in building fire protection.

3. compressed straw slab can not exposedly use, and outer must cover cracking resistance, waterproof, fireproof topping could as materials for wall.

4. someone worries that compressed straw slab can infested son, meeting damaged by rats.

5. the longitudinal load-bearing power extreme difference of compressed straw slab.

(2), topmost reason is that the application technology of compressed straw slab is perfect not enough:

1. some the compressed straw slab houses built before do not give full play to the advantage of compressed straw slab, fully do not analyze the shortcoming of compressed straw slab, take technical measures to overcome its shortcoming.

2. lack theoretical foundation, can not design in order to the limit states design method based on probability theory, its reliability can not be measured by RELIABILITY INDEX, can not calculate in order to the design expression formula of partial safety factor.Degree of safety and service life indefinite.

3. can not standardized designs gold standing grain component, can not suitability for industrialized production gold standing grain component.

4. design, construction and management all do not have corresponding code, and quality can not be guaranteed.

In a word, some compressed straw slab houses in the past, at safety classes of structure, service life and fire prevention aspect are subject to stern challenge, and the range of application of compressed straw slab is restricted, only architectural for one, two layer, make the development of compressed straw slab very slow, most compressed straw slab manufacturing enterprise is in stopping production, bankruptcy status, and the development of compressed straw slab directly falls into low ebb, must not revitalize to this day.

Gold standing grain spacious mansion makes full use of the advantage of compressed straw slab, takes technical measures to overcome the shortcoming of compressed straw slab.Utilize the high-tech architecture material in current construction market, combine according to the patented technology of national related design specification with golden standing grain spacious mansion, just can make reach 50 years the service life of golden standing grain component, the fire resistance rating of gold standing grain component reaches the fire protection requirement of I, II level, can standardized designs and suitability for industrialized production gold standing grain component, the severe cold area such in Harbin, the fractional energy savings of golden standing grain side fascia and roof panel reaches 80%, and comprehensive cost reduces about 10%.

Gold standing grain spacious mansion is exactly the materials for walls such as solid brick, hollow brick, ceramsite concrete blocks and the concrete block replacing plasticine to fire with golden standing grain; The heat insulating materials such as alternative rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, phenolic board, polyphenyl plate, polyurethane are carried out with golden standing grain; The Economic Development Mode of building field is changed with golden standing grain; Greenhouse gas emission is reduced, for reply climate warming makes positive contribution with golden standing grain; With golden standing grain come energy-conservation, save land, economize on water, economize on resources, for the grain security of China, energy security and sustainable development are made contributions; With golden standing grain as Important building material, building various height insulation, high energy-conservation friendly building, is people An get spacious mansion everywhere in the world; Create the wealth of society of high value with golden standing grain, found golden standing grain architectural culture, bring benefit to the mankind.

Current China adheres to that the Heilungkiang of only having producing Straw Board Production Line equipment is pacified and building materials Science and Technology Development Co., Ltd..The said firm is on the basis of digesting and assimilating the STRAM11008 type straw board production technology of Britain's import, carry out Curve guide impeller, make production automation degree higher, introduce in the controls PCL microcomputer carry out centralized automatic control and with the Primary Reference number of sensor to this equipment feed back, fault pre-alarming, raw material automatic measurement etc., decrease the technical level requirement to operator; In mechanical system, the irrational part of former machine is improved, improves the reliability of unit, alleviate the labour intensity of operator.This unit is reached advanced world standards technically, creates condition for China widelys popularize golden standing grain spacious mansion.

Telephone number: 15804515872,13351108932.

Three, summary of the invention

The embodiment of gold standing grain spacious mansion:

Gold standing grain spacious mansion is realized by golden standing grain component and Jin He external thermal insulation system two kinds of embodiments.

(1), the first embodiment gold standing grain component of golden standing grain spacious mansion is achieved in that

The architectural feature of first, golden standing grain component:

1. the basic structural feature of gold standing grain component:

The basic structural feature of gold standing grain component is: comprise one ~ tri-layer of Jinhe plate, cover topping outward.

2. gold standing grain component also has more following architectural features respectively:

(1). there are two layers or three layers of Jinhe plate, between Jinhe plate, stick with glue agent bonding;

(2). there are two layers of Jinhe plate, peripherally or periphery and need the position arranged overhead pad is set makes somebody a mere figurehead Jinhe plate, agent bonding is sticked with glue between overhead pad and Jinhe plate, golden standing grain insulation layer or other heat insulating material is filled by the space that overhead pad is maked somebody a mere figurehead, also it can be allowed empty, determine as required;

(3). there are two ~ tri-layers of Jinhe plate, ironware is set along the periphery of plate or the position of periphery and needs setting;

(4). there are two ~ tri-layers of Jinhe plate, connector is set along the periphery of plate or the position of periphery and needs setting, corresponding ironware, Jinhe plate and overhead pad are connected into entirety;

(5). according to the needs of architectural design and structure design, golden standing grain component can have various forms, various shape and various sizes.All right standardized designs gold standing grain component and suitability for industrialized production gold standing grain component;

(6). golden standing grain component can also have the various joint forms cooperatively interacted;

(7). the Vierendeel girder of prefabricated golden standing grain floor and reinforced concrete frame structure is combined into assembled integral gold standing grain superstructure.

Second, in order to improve service life and the fireproof performance of golden standing grain component, take following technique measures:

1., in cold and severe cold area, golden standing grain side fascia and roof panel, high temperature side arranges vapour barrier in the winter time.

2. the ironware that gold standing grain component is used and steel connector, carry out strict scrubbing, oil removing and processing of rust removing, then brush inorganic enamel paint two road, in normal conditions of use, and can be effectively anticorrosion 50 years.

3., in the cement mortar of golden standing grain component, the low appearance point fiber of admixture, increases the cracking resistance of topping, can increase the fireproof performance of topping simultaneously.

4. the water/binder ratio of Control protection layer cement mortar, the materials such as the siliceous compacting agent of admixture, micro-expanding agent, have correct plastering technique and advanced maintenance measure, increase the crack resistance of topping cement mortar.

5. in topping, arrange reinforcing material, such as gauze wire cloth, galvanized steel wire netting, alkali-resisting glass fiber screen cloth etc., reinforcing material is arranged on the centre position of topping, and the stress produced in dispersion topping, increases the crack resistance of topping.

6. the topping outside gold standing grain side fascia, arranges stress release partitioning slot every about 10 meters of x10 rice.

7. gold standing grain side fascia deformation joint, corner, plate seam, around door and window hole, the position such as pipeline through-wall place; easy generation stress is concentrated and produces crack; stiffened wire lath to be set in topping; there is tight waterproof measure; increase watertightness; avoid water to enter in body of wall to work the mischief, also will have frost damage prevention measure.

8. install an air-conditioner on exterior wall the facilities such as device time, can not be directly installed on side fascia, should when architectural design and structure design, special setting installs an air-conditioner the position of device, should consider attractive in appearance, consider safe and reliable again, also will consider just in case water drop of air conditioner can not be fallen on golden standing grain side fascia.

9. brushing cracking resistance outside exterior wall, waterproof, high-quality exterior wall coating material that refractoriness is good.

10. the room of water such as all kitchens, lavatory, arranges 120mm height steel concrete and returns limit, arrange 60mm height steel concrete and return limit between other room below wall below a wall, the width returning limit with between wall width, together water closely knit with reinforced concrete floor.

The room of water such as 11. all kitchens, lavatory, complete ground 40 ~ 60mm lower than general room, ground slope aspect floor drain, floor drain must not be above ground level, preferably a little less than ground.

The room of water such as 12. all kitchens, lavatory, arrange except floor drain and sewer pipe except requiring routinely, require add a set of floor drain again and sewer pipe for subsequent use, when the floor drain arranged just in case conventional and sewer pipe cisco unity malfunction, floor drain for subsequent use and sewer pipe are worked, drain the water away, usually will check that whether stand-by equipment is unobstructed, guarantee to produce spilling water phenomenon.

13. side fascias and junction, flooring will be done and now be smeared baseboard, together smear with ground, arrange stiffened wire lath, smear waterproofing mortar, are strictly on guard against that water drains on side fascia.

Special window sill to be established below 14. window holes, insulation will be strengthened between window sill and side fascia, be strictly on guard against heat bridge, be strictly on guard against generation condensed water.

15. under normal usage, requires golden standing grain side fascia and roof panel are not nailed, and is strictly on guard against destruction vapour barrier.

16. fire mains will be closed, and are strictly on guard against to drip, emit, leak phenomenon.

17. suggestions adopt electric heating, do not adopt water warm.When the fractional energy savings of golden standing grain side fascia and roof panel reaches 80%, electric heater is adopted also to afford to use.The third, compared with former compressed straw slab house, the innovative point of golden standing grain component:

1. due to the architectural feature of golden standing grain component, make golden standing grain component can adopt the limit states design method based on probability theory to design, its reliability is measured by RELIABILITY INDEX, design expression formula in order to partial safety factor carries out calculating golden standing grain component, and this is first innovative point of golden standing grain component.

2. gold standing grain side fascia and roof panel, adopt the space between two layers of Jinhe plate of being maked somebody a mere figurehead by overhead pad fill golden standing grain insulation layer form, reach high insulation, high energy-conservation, this is second innovative point of golden standing grain component.[coefficient of thermal conductivity of compressed straw slab is 0.108W/m.k, calculation of thermal conductivity is 0.13W/m.k, be good heat insulating material, the coefficient of thermal conductivity of chopping straw filler is 0.047W/m.k (coefficient of thermal conductivity of polyphenyl plate is 0.041W/m.k) is excellent heat insulating material].

3. the ironware of gold standing grain component and steel connector are after strict oil removing, scrubbing, rust cleaning, brush inorganic enamel paint two road, guarantee in normal conditions of use, effectively anticorrosion 50 years, take technical measures to make reach 50 years the service life of golden standing grain component, this is the 3rd innovative point of golden standing grain component.

4. gold standing grain component topping adopts inorganic coagulation material; and in topping admixture low-melting fiber; be used for improving its fireproof performance and crack resistance; topping inside side fascia adopts the good material of fireproof performance and cement mortar to be composited; greatly improve its fireproof performance; to overcome Jinhe plate be organic matter is the shortcoming of difficult combustion body, and make the fireproof performance of golden standing grain component reach I, II level, this is the 4th innovative point of golden standing grain component.

5. can standardized designs gold standing grain component and suitability for industrialized production gold standing grain component, this is the 5th innovative point of golden standing grain component.

6., at golden standing grain side fascia and the roof panel of cold and severe cold area, high temperature side arranges vapour barrier in the winter time, and this is the 6th innovative point of golden standing grain component.The scope of application of fourth, golden standing grain component:

1. be applicable to the side fascia of steel (steel concrete) frame construction (comprising bent structure and portal frame structure) general industry and civilian construction, roof panel, floor and interior partition plate.

2. be not suitable for hypsography low-lying, humid region.

3. not being suitable for likely can by the position of water soaking.

4. be not suitable for position, underground and basement.

Penta, the construction of golden standing grain component:

1. the ironware of gold standing grain component, Jinhe plate, overhead pad, insulation layer and connector, should at produce in factory.

2. the topping of gold standing grain component can all at produce in factory.

3. a topping part for gold standing grain component is at produce in factory, and another part topping is constructed at the construction field (site).

4. the topping of gold standing grain component also can all be constructed at the construction field (site).

5. gold standing grain component should not carry out winter construction at the scene.To carry out winter construction, strict construction measure in Winter be had.

(2), the second embodiment gold standing grain external thermal insulation system of golden standing grain spacious mansion is achieved in that

The architectural feature of first, golden standing grain external thermal insulation system:

1. first gold standing grain external thermal insulation system will have a safe and reliable base course wall that can bear golden standing grain outer heat preservation system.Gold standing grain outer heat preservation system is attached on base course wall.

2. the architectural feature of gold standing grain outer heat preservation system:

(1). smear cement mortar screeding layer outside base course wall.When base course wall surfacing, flat bed can be kept the change.

(2). be insulation layer outside leveling layer.The place that south temperature is high also without insulation layer, can be determined by energy saving calculation.

(3). be one deck Jinhe plate outside insulation layer.

(4). with connector, Jinhe plate, insulation layer and leveling layer are connected into entirety with base course wall securely.

(5). cover high-strength, cracking resistance, waterproof, fireproof topping outward.

(6). outermost is brushing cracking resistance, waterproof, good endurance, whippy high-quality exterior wall coating material.

(7). in the winter time vapour barrier is set in high temperature side in cold and severe cold area.

The advantage of second, golden standing grain external thermal insulation system:

The design life that China once widely used EPS external insulating system for thinly plastered external wall is for the moment only 25 years, and serious fire safety hidden danger threatens the security of the lives and property of people.Compared with EPS external thermal insulation system, the advantage of golden standing grain external thermal insulation system is: can use 50 years, can be used for the exterior wall heat-preserving system that fire-protection rating is I, II level building.

The third, the scope of application of golden standing grain external thermal insulation system:

1. be applicable to the exterior wall heat-preserving system of newly-built brick-and-concrete buildings.

2. be applicable to the exterior wall heat-preserving system of reinforced concrete shear wall structure.

3. be applicable to the reducing energy consumption of existing non-energy-conservation brick-and-concrete buildings exterior wall.

Accompanying drawing illustrates:

1. Fig. 1, Fig. 8, Figure 15 are the plane structure schematic diagrames of the representative a part of component of golden standing grain component.

2. Fig. 2 ~ Fig. 7 is the 1-1 sectional drawing of Fig. 1.

3. Fig. 9 ~ Figure 14 is the 2-2 sectional drawing of Fig. 8.

4. Figure 16 ~ Figure 19 is the 3-3 sectional drawing of Figure 15.

5. Figure 20 ~ Figure 23 represents except above-mentioned illustrated joint form, also has the various joint form cooperatively interacted, can not all draw here.

6. Figure 24 represents the structural representation of a kind of form of prefabricated golden standing grain floor LB-1.Prefabricated golden standing grain floor can also have various structures form, can not all draw.

7. Figure 25 is the A-A sectional drawing of Figure 24.

8. Figure 26 is assembled integral gold standing grain superstructure schematic diagram.Figure 27 ~ Figure 30 is the part sectioned view of Figure 26.

9. Figure 31 ~ Figure 34 is the schematic diagram of golden standing grain external thermal insulation system.

By reference to the accompanying drawings the architectural feature of golden standing grain component is described in more detail:

Figure of description symbol description:

1. Jinhe plate: comprise the compressed straw slab in " straw board " and wheat straw plate, also comprises the careless plate making surface layer of glass screen cloth, galvanized steel wire netting.

2. overhead pad: make of materials such as Jinhe plate, the lumps of wood, square steel, gelled material product.

3. heat-insulation material: comprise the materials such as chopping golden standing grain, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, expanded perlite, polyphenyl plate, polyurethane.

4. bonding adhesive

5. ironware: comprise band steel, angle steel, cold bending thin wall angle steel, ⊥ shape steel, reinforcing bar, square steel, various forms of plastic-steels etc., also comprise carbon cloth.

6. connector: comprise the materials such as nail, bolt, plastic-steel bolt, expansion bolt, plastic-steel expansion bolt, rivet, plastic-steel rivet, plastic bolt, self-tapping screw.

7. topping: comprise cementitious material, such as cement mortar, composite mortar, polymer mortar, magnesium cement product, sulphate aluminium cement mortar, plastering, pea gravel concreten etc.; Comprise reinforcing material alkali-resisting glass fiber screen cloth, galvanized steel wire netting, expanded metal lath etc.; Comprise finish material, coating, face brick, granite, marble, aluminium sheet, aluminium-plastic panel, color steel etc.; Comprise interfacial agents and trapping agent; Also comprise additive and low-melting fiber.

8. reinforcing material; Glass screen cloth, galvanized steel wire netting etc.

9. C30 pea gravel concreten.

10. base course wall.

1. composition graphs 1, Fig. 2; Fig. 8, Fig. 9 and Figure 15, Figure 17; be a kind of form of golden standing grain component, 1. its composition comprises one deck Jinhe plate, arranges ironware 5. along the periphery of Jinhe plate or the position of periphery and needs setting; 6. ironware and Jinhe plate are connected into entirety with connector, cover topping outward 7..

2. composition graphs 1, Fig. 3; Fig. 1, Fig. 4; Fig. 8, Figure 10; Fig. 8, Figure 11 and Figure 15, Figure 18 are a kind of forms of golden standing grain component; 1. its composition comprises two ~ tri-layers of Jinhe plate; stick with glue agent between Jinhe plate 4. to bond; along the periphery of Jinhe plate or the position of periphery and needs setting, ironware is set 5.; 6. ironware and Jinhe plate are connected into entirety with connector, cover topping outward 7..

3. composition graphs 1, Fig. 5; Fig. 1, Fig. 7; Fig. 8, Figure 12; Fig. 8, Figure 14 and Figure 15, Figure 19; it is a kind of form of golden standing grain component; 1. its composition comprises two layers of Jinhe plate; along the periphery of Jinhe plate or the position of periphery and needs setting, overhead pad 2. built on stilts Jinhe plate is set; stick with glue agent between Jinhe plate and overhead pad 4. to bond; along the periphery of Jinhe plate or the position of periphery and needs setting, ironware is set 5.; 6. ironware, Jinhe plate, overhead pad are connected into entirety with connector; golden standing grain insulation layer or other heat insulating material is filled 3. by the space that overhead pad is maked somebody a mere figurehead; also it can be allowed empty, cover topping outward 7..

4. composition graphs 1, Fig. 6; Fig. 8 Figure 13 is a kind of form of golden standing grain component; 1. its composition comprises three layers of Jinhe plate; middle one deck Jinhe plate two ends indentation one segment distance; stick with glue agent between Jinhe plate 4. to bond; needing the position arranged, ironware is set 5.; 6. ironware, Jinhe plate are connected into entirety with connector, cover topping outward 7..

5. Figure 24 is the structural representation of prefabricated golden standing grain floor LB-1, and Figure 25 is the cut-away view of LB-1.Prefabricated golden standing grain floor can have various ways.

6. Figure 26 is the structural representation being combined into assembled integral gold standing grain superstructure with prefabricated golden standing grain floor LB-1 and rc-frame-beam KL-1,2,3.LB-1 is bearing on KL-1; preformed plate seam between LB-1; the ironware arranged above KL-1 below built-in fitting and LB-1 welds; above LB-1, ironware and the ironware above adjacent LB-1 at corner place are welded to each other with reinforcing bar and are connected; arrange in plate seam and stitch the distribution reinforcement in direction 5. perpendicular to plate, distribution bar welds with the built-in fitting on KL-2,3, and in plate seam, pouring C30 concrete 9.; the above and below topping of LB-1 construct again 7., is combined into assembled integral gold standing grain superstructure.Figure 27, Figure 28, Figure 29, Figure 30 are B-B, C-C, D-D, E-E fragmentary sectional view of Figure 26.

7. Figure 31, Figure 32, Figure 33, Figure 34 are the structural representations of golden standing grain exterior wall heat-preserving system.10. represent base course wall, 1. represent Jinhe plate, 4. represent bonding adhesive, 6. represent connector, 3. represent insulation layer, 7. represent topping, 8. represent the reinforcing material arranged in topping.

Claims (4)

1. the architectural feature of the golden standing grain component of request protection:
(1). the basic structural feature of golden standing grain component is: comprise one ~ tri-layer of Jinhe plate, cover topping outward.
(2). golden standing grain component also has more following architectural features respectively:
There are two layers or three layers of Jinhe plate, between Jinhe plate, stick with glue agent bonding; There are two layers of Jinhe plate, overhead pad is set along the periphery of plate or the position of periphery and needs setting and makes somebody a mere figurehead Jinhe plate, stick with glue agent bonding between overhead pad and Jinhe plate, filled golden standing grain insulation layer or other heat insulating material by the space that overhead pad is maked somebody a mere figurehead, also it can be allowed empty, determine as required; There is one ~ tri-layer of Jinhe plate, ironware is set along the periphery of plate or the position of periphery and needs setting; There is one ~ tri-layer of Jinhe plate, connector is set along the periphery of plate or the position of periphery and needs setting, ironware, Jinhe plate and connector are connected into entirety; According to design needs, golden standing grain component can have various forms, various shape and various sizes; Can standardized designs and suitability for industrialized production gold standing grain component; The various joint forms cooperatively interacted can be had; Assembled integral gold standing grain superstructure is combined into the Vierendeel girder of prefabricated golden standing grain floor and reinforced concrete frame structure.
2. the architectural feature of the golden standing grain external thermal insulation system of request protection:
Gold standing grain external wall system first to have one safe and reliable, can bear a base course wall of golden standing grain outer heat preservation system, golden standing grain outer heat preservation system is attached on base course wall.Be leveling layer outside base course wall, then outside is insulation layer, then outside is Jinhe plate, then outside is ironware, with connector, ironware, Jinhe plate, insulation layer and leveling layer and base course wall is connected into an entirety, covers topping outward.
3. the main innovate point of the golden standing grain component of request protection:
(1). due to the architectural feature of golden standing grain component, make golden standing grain component can adopt the limit states design method based on probability theory to design, measure its reliability by RELIABILITY INDEX, the design expression formula in order to partial safety factor calculates golden standing grain component.
(2). golden standing grain side fascia and roof panel adopt the space between two layers of Jinhe plate of being maked somebody a mere figurehead by overhead pad fill golden standing grain insulation layer form, reach high insulation, high energy-conservation.
(3). the ironware that golden standing grain component is used and steel connector, after strict oil removing, scrubbing, rust cleaning, brush inorganic enamel paint two road, to guarantee under the normal condition used effectively anticorrosion 50 years.
(4). the topping of golden standing grain component adopts inorganic coagulation material; and in topping admixture low-melting fiber; be used for improving fireproof performance and crack resistance; topping inside side fascia adopts the good material of fireproof performance and cement mortar to be composited; greatly improve its fireproof performance; overcoming Jinhe plate is organic matter, is the shortcoming of hard-combustible component.
(5). at golden standing grain side fascia and the roof panel of cold and severe cold area, high temperature side arranges vapour barrier in the winter time.
4. some measures that raising golden standing grain component service life and fire line the subject of knowledge and the object of knowledge are taked are protected in request:
(1). the outside topping of golden standing grain side fascia, arranges stress release partitioning slot every about 10 meters of x10 rice.
(2). golden standing grain side fascia is at positions such as deformation joint, corner, plate seam, door and window hole place, pipeline through-wall; easy generation stress is concentrated and produces crack; stiffened wire lath to be set in topping; there is tight waterproof measure; increase watertightness; avoid water to enter in body of wall to work the mischief, also will have frost damage prevention measure.
(3). exterior wall installs an air-conditioner the facilities such as device time, can not be directly installed on side fascia, specialized designs to install an air-conditioner the position of device, just in case water drop of air conditioner can not be fallen on side fascia.
(4). the room of water such as all kitchens, lavatory, arrange 120mm height steel concrete under a wall and return limit, arrange 60mm height steel concrete and return limit between other room under wall, width and a wall are with wide.
(5). the room of water such as all kitchens, lavatory, complete ground 40 ~ 60mm lower than general room floors, ground slope aspect floor drain, floor drain must not be above the ground level, preferably a little less than ground.Arrange except floor drain and sewer pipe except requiring routinely, require to add a set of floor drain again and sewer pipe for subsequent use, just in case when the floor drain of conventional setting and sewer pipe cisco unity malfunction, floor drain for subsequent use and sewer pipe are worked, drain the water away, guarantee to produce spilling water phenomenon.
(6). establish special window sill below window hole, insulation will be strengthened between window sill and side fascia, be strictly on guard against heat bridge, be strictly on guard against generation condensed water.
(7). under normal usage, require golden standing grain side fascia and roof panel are not nailed, be strictly on guard against destruction vapour barrier.
(8). fire main will be closed, and is strictly on guard against to drip, emit, leak phenomenon.
(9). suggestion adopts electric heater, does not adopt water warm.
CN201310301808.9A 2013-07-19 2013-07-19 Building built using straw as important material CN104294910A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310301808.9A CN104294910A (en) 2013-07-19 2013-07-19 Building built using straw as important material

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310301808.9A CN104294910A (en) 2013-07-19 2013-07-19 Building built using straw as important material

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104294910A true CN104294910A (en) 2015-01-21

Family

ID=52314835

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310301808.9A CN104294910A (en) 2013-07-19 2013-07-19 Building built using straw as important material

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104294910A (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH01187242A (en) * 1988-01-22 1989-07-26 Michio Otsuka Wall-making stuff made of earth and vegetable materials, and its manufacture
CN2780879Y (en) * 2005-01-05 2006-05-17 赵衍庆 Heat-insulation board made by straw and water-proof material
CN2861344Y (en) * 2005-12-16 2007-01-24 朱寿春 Framework building straw board structure
CN201417772Y (en) * 2009-04-02 2010-03-03 嘉兴斯达微电子有限公司 Power MOSFET module with gate pole resistance layout
CN201574502U (en) * 2009-07-13 2010-09-08 上海中绿建材有限公司 Light mortar polystyrene board outer wall external heat insulation structure
CN201649335U (en) * 2010-02-02 2010-11-24 哈尔滨工业大学深圳研究生院 Heat-insulating plate with straw-board inner core

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH01187242A (en) * 1988-01-22 1989-07-26 Michio Otsuka Wall-making stuff made of earth and vegetable materials, and its manufacture
CN2780879Y (en) * 2005-01-05 2006-05-17 赵衍庆 Heat-insulation board made by straw and water-proof material
CN2861344Y (en) * 2005-12-16 2007-01-24 朱寿春 Framework building straw board structure
CN201417772Y (en) * 2009-04-02 2010-03-03 嘉兴斯达微电子有限公司 Power MOSFET module with gate pole resistance layout
CN201574502U (en) * 2009-07-13 2010-09-08 上海中绿建材有限公司 Light mortar polystyrene board outer wall external heat insulation structure
CN201649335U (en) * 2010-02-02 2010-11-24 哈尔滨工业大学深圳研究生院 Heat-insulating plate with straw-board inner core

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Chandel et al. Review of energy efficient features in vernacular architecture for improving indoor thermal comfort conditions
CN101158213B (en) Exterior outer-insulating system construction method for using direct-compress EPS inorganic clad plate
CN101168977B (en) Plastering composite wall
CN201221140Y (en) Embedding buckle type hollow heat insulation exterior wall external heat preservation ceramoplastic composite board
CN102505763B (en) Externally laid masonry composite heat-insulating sintered building block exterior wall heat insulating system
US20080016802A1 (en) Building modular and panel system and method of construction thereof
Perlova et al. Concept project of zero energy building
CN1982554A (en) Thermal-insulating binded composite wall with supporter
CN102363984A (en) Plastered insulated compound wall body with nets on both sides
WO2010081278A1 (en) Construction composite heat preservation member
CN102733536A (en) Novel composite insulating thin-wall external wall board and manufacturing method thereof
CN101319546A (en) External heat-insulation plate for external wall and its construction method
CN100464043C (en) Bound-type composite heat-insulation wall with support body
CN101914974B (en) Light slab
CN105040812B (en) Aluminium alloy house
CN102535739B (en) Prefabricated module board body and outer wall system of curtain wall type building as well as construction method of outer wall system
CN101509283A (en) External thermal insulation composite wall of exterior wall with support
CN202324323U (en) Outer wall plate
CN202099896U (en) Heat insulation composite wall body with plaster meshes on two sides
WO2017101556A1 (en) Container type combination house and construction method thereof
CN103225360A (en) Light and heat insulation roof board or floor slab
CN201236412Y (en) Exterior wall external thermal insulation structure with built-in cast-in-place concrete mould plate
CN202611016U (en) Thermal insulating wall on concrete overhanging eaves board
CN203583768U (en) Double-blade steel wire net concrete sandwich composite heat-insulation external wall panel
CN1827937A (en) Binding type thermal-insulation composite wall with support

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
DD01 Delivery of document by public notice

Addressee: Zhu Shouchun

Document name: Notification of Publication and of Entering the Substantive Examination Stage of the Application for Invention

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20150121