CN104290128A - Paper flowerpot punching machine driven by connection rods and use method of paper flowerpot punching machine - Google Patents

Paper flowerpot punching machine driven by connection rods and use method of paper flowerpot punching machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104290128A
CN104290128A CN201410492701.1A CN201410492701A CN104290128A CN 104290128 A CN104290128 A CN 104290128A CN 201410492701 A CN201410492701 A CN 201410492701A CN 104290128 A CN104290128 A CN 104290128A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drift
rod
puncher
punch
paper flower
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN201410492701.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104290128B (en
Inventor
姚立纲
李锐锋
原永娜
何家莹
纪文套
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Fuzhou University
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Fuzhou University
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Priority to CN201410492701.1A priority Critical patent/CN104290128B/en
Publication of CN104290128A publication Critical patent/CN104290128A/en
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Publication of CN104290128B publication Critical patent/CN104290128B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26FPERFORATING; PUNCHING; CUTTING-OUT; STAMPING-OUT; SEVERING BY MEANS OTHER THAN CUTTING
    • B26F1/00Perforating; Punching; Cutting-out; Stamping-out; Apparatus therefor
    • B26F1/02Perforating by punching, e.g. with relatively-reciprocating punch and bed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D5/00Arrangements for operating and controlling machines or devices for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D5/08Means for actuating the cutting member to effect the cut
    • B26D5/14Crank and pin means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/01Means for holding or positioning work
    • B26D7/02Means for holding or positioning work with clamping means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/06Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/27Means for performing other operations combined with cutting

Abstract

The invention relates to a paper flowerpot punching machine driven by connection rods and a use method of the paper flowerpot punching machine. The paper flowerpot punching machine comprises a locating clamping mechanism and a punching mechanism which are fixed to a machine frame, punch heads capable of being popped out to punch holes are arranged on the sides facing clamping plates, and the punch heads are arranged in punch head fixing frames on the machine frame, the tail ends of the punch heads are connected with the inclined punch head connection rods for enabling the punch heads to move towards openings, and the other ends of the punch head connection rods are connected with an ejection rod which is arranged in the middle of the machine frame and can move vertically. When the ejection rod moves downwards, the punch head connection rods are driven to drive the punch heads to move towards the openings to complete hole punching. The paper flowerpot punching machine driven by the connection rod is simple in structure, four holes of a paper flowerpot can be punched at the same time by utilizing a connection rod mechanism, copper eyelet buckle rivets can be embedded in the holes, and the production efficiency is high. Compared with the mechanisms of other cams or cylinders and the like, operation is simple and easy to implement, the stability is high, no personnel interference is required during punching, the safety performance is greatly improved, and the labor intensity is greatly reduced.

Description

The paper flower basin puncher that a kind of connecting rod drives and using method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to paper flower basin puncher and the using method thereof of the driving of a kind of connecting rod.
Background technology
If it is very high that modern greening takies floor area cost.Therefore afforest to marching very urgent in the air, the punching such as paper flower basin or hanging basket hanging being got up is the selection of most people.This just needs flowerpot punching to carry out wire rope handling so that hang.And present general flowerpot punching mechanical complex structure, and all only have a station, need manually flowerpot to be located feeding, being in great demand of flowerpot, production efficiency is very low, and labour intensity is large, and poor stability, can not satisfy the demands.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to above-mentioned flowerpot cheesing techniques problem to improve, namely the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is that existing flowerpot drilling technology adopts manual feeding list station to punch substantially, inefficiency, realizes the simple of syndeton simultaneously, is convenient to manufacture and design.
First specific embodiments of the present invention is: the paper flower basin puncher that a kind of connecting rod drives, comprise a liftable flowerpot delivery platform and be arranged at the puncher of top of flowerpot punching station, described puncher comprises frame, and the positioning and clamping mechanism be fixed in frame and punch mechanism, the side that described clamping plate are relative is provided with the drift that can eject punching, described drift is arranged in the drift fixed mount in frame, the opening that drift can be made to stretch out punching is provided with on front side of described fixed mount, described punch tip is connected with the tilting drift connecting rod for making drift run towards opening, the other end of described drift connecting rod is connected on central rack one drift push rod moving up and down, when drift push rod moves down, drift connecting rod is driven to drive drift to run punching towards opening.
Further, to realize moving up and down of push rod on the slide mechanism that described push rod is fixed on a leading screw and nut mechanism, the slide mechanism of described nut body to be driven by a pair spur gear by synchronous motor and rotates.
Further, described drift peripheral part is provided with flange, and described flange and drift fixed mount are directly connected with spring forces drift rearward end to oppress drift connecting rod.
Further, described puncher also comprises a feed mechanism, described feed mechanism comprises the feeding guide plate being arranged at clamping plate and the direct top of drift, described feeding guide plate is arranged with rivet, described feeding guide plate top is connected with the fork making feeding guide plate swing blanking, described fork lower end is hinged with a kinematic link, frame is articulated with in the middle part of described kinematic link, described kinematic link rearward end is connected with a blanking connecting rod, kinematic link front side end and frame are directly provided with extension spring, described extension spring one end acts on the frame other end and acts on kinematic link front end kinematic link afterbody is connected with blanking connecting rod, the described blanking connecting rod other end is connected on upper rack one blanking push rod moving up and down, when blanking push rod moves down, blanking push rod compressing blanking connecting rod drives kinematic link to rotate around hinged place, be provided with below described feeding guide plate and be fixed on frame and for the track retainer of fixing feeding guide plate lower end, in the oblique jack stretching into track retainer in described feeding guide plate lower end.
Further, described positioning and clamping mechanism and punch mechanism have four groups, and along the circumferential direction uniform, and when conveying flowerpot moves, expansion link acting in conjunction realizes clamping and positioning in flowerpot outside.
Further, described positioning and clamping mechanism comprises the expansion link being driven oblique setting by drive unit, and described expansion link front end is provided with clamping plate.
Further, the drive unit of described expansion link is screw body or cylinder.
Further, described feeding guide plate upper end is provided with percussion mechanism.
1, the second specific embodiments of the present invention is: the paper flower basin puncher using method that a kind of connecting rod drives, and comprises the paper flower basin puncher that a kind of connecting rod described in claim 5 or 6 drives, comprises the following steps:
(1) paper flower basin to be punctured is placed in delivery platform, enters behind workspace to be punctured until paper flower basin, workbench moves;
(2) positioning and clamping mechanism work, makes paper flower basin fix to clamp;
(3) drive unit slides on front side of drift under driving doffer to make rivet, and punch mechanism work, flowerpot basin body punches and embeds rivet simultaneously;
(4) positioning and clamping mechanism unclamps, and delivery platform moves down.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect: flowerpot perforating device of the present invention not only achieves automatic feed and the multistation puncher of automatically locating, and can complete the disposable punching press in multiple holes of flowerpot.This type machine comprises two parts, punching mechanical and feeder conveyor tool.Wherein punching mechanical adopts driving stepper motor.Run up and down by driving punching push rod and the synchronous of blanking push rod by a leading screw and nut mechanism, thus realize controlling copper eyelet rivet blanking mechanism and perforating by punching mechanism, structure of the present invention simply utilizes this device of linkage the punching press simultaneously of four of paper flower basin hole can be embedded copper eyelet rivet, production efficiency is high, adopt linkage more simple compared to other mechanisms such as cam or cylinder, low cost of manufacture, and stability is high, get involved without the need to personnel during punching press, security performance improves greatly, and simple to operate, labor intensive reduces greatly.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is perforating device structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is punch mechanism part-structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention will be further described in detail.
As shown in Figures 1 to 3, the paper flower basin puncher that a kind of connecting rod drives, comprise a liftable flowerpot delivery platform 10 and be arranged at the puncher of top of flowerpot punching station, described puncher comprises frame, be fixed on the positioning and clamping mechanism 20 in frame and punch mechanism 30, the rivet feed mechanism 40 arranged on front side of punch mechanism 30, and the bar-link drive (i.e. leading screw and nut mechanism) 50 driving punch mechanism 30, feed mechanism 40 and positioning and clamping mechanism 20.
The hydraulic cylinder of delivery platform oscilaltion is provided with bottom delivery platform 10, can certainly adopt other modes such as cylinder, leading screw that delivery platform is elevated, positioning and clamping mechanism 20 comprises the expansion link 210 being driven oblique setting by drive unit, described flexible 210 front ends are provided with clamping plate 220, the side that described clamping plate 220 are relative is provided with the drift 310 that can eject punching, the drive unit of expansion link 210 is screw body or cylinder, for motor lead screw mechanism drives in figure.
Drift 310 is arranged in the drift fixed mount 320 in frame, the opening that drift 310 can be made to stretch out punching is provided with on front side of described fixed mount 320, described drift 310 is driven by bar-link drive, described bar-link drive comprises the screw rod 520 driven by motor 510, described screw rod 520 is arranged with swivel nut 521, swivel nut 521 top is fixedly connected with drift push rod 530 moving up and down and blanking push rod 540, described drift 310 end is connected with the tilting drift connecting rod 531 for making drift run towards opening, the other end of described drift connecting rod 531 is connected on drift push rod 530, when drift push rod 530 moves down under the effect of swivel nut 521, drift connecting rod is driven to drive drift to run punching towards opening.
Drift 310 peripheral part is provided with flange 311, described flange 311 is directly connected with spring 312 with drift fixed mount forces drift rearward end to oppress drift connecting rod 531, described drift push rod 530 drives drift to do linear reciprocating motion perpendicular to flowerpot 100 wall silhouette lines, and spring 312 can eliminate the backhaul gap of linkage.In the present embodiment, the driving of screw rod 520 through gear mechanism, screw rod 520 is rotated by motor.
The feed mechanism 40 of puncher, described feed mechanism 40 comprises the feeding guide plate 410 be arranged at above clamping plate and drift, described feeding guide plate is provided with rivet, described feeding guide plate top is connected with the fork 411 making feeding guide plate swing blanking, described fork 411 lower end is hinged with a kinematic link 412, frame is articulated with in the middle part of described kinematic link 412, described kinematic link 412 rearward end is connected with a blanking connecting rod 541, blanking connecting rod 541 other end is connected on the blanking push rod 540 that moves up and down, extension spring 413 is provided with between kinematic link 412 front side end and frame, described extension spring 413 one end acts on the frame other end and acts on kinematic link 412 front end kinematic link 412 afterbody is supported and blanking connecting rod 540.When blanking push rod 540 moves down, blanking push rod 540 is oppressed the elastic force that blanking connecting rod 541 drives kinematic link 412 to overcome extension spring 413 and is made to rotate around hinged place, shipper pole on fork 411 is made to move feeding guide plate 410 blanking, be provided with below described feeding guide plate 410 and be fixed on frame and for the track retainer 414 of fixing feeding guide plate 410 lower end, in the oblique jack stretching into track retainer 414 in described feeding guide plate 410 lower end.Feeding guide plate 410 both sides are provided with baffle plate, and feeding guide plate 410 upper end is provided with percussion mechanism, and the copper eyelet rivet after vibrating ordering can be delivered to assigned address, extension spring 413 also can eliminate the backhaul gap of linkage.
In the present embodiment, positioning and clamping mechanism 20 and punch mechanism 30 have four groups, and along the circumferential direction uniform, and when conveying flowerpot moves, expansion link acting in conjunction realizes clamping and positioning in flowerpot outside.
The job step of said apparatus comprises following as follows:
(1) paper flower basin to be punctured is placed in delivery platform, enters behind workspace to be punctured until paper flower basin, workbench moves;
(2) positioning and clamping mechanism work, makes paper flower basin fix to clamp;
(3) drive unit slides on front side of drift under driving doffer to make rivet, and punch mechanism work, flowerpot basin body punches and embeds rivet simultaneously;
(4) positioning and clamping mechanism unclamps, and delivery platform moves down.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, all equalizations done according to the present patent application the scope of the claims change and modify, and all should belong to covering scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. the paper flower basin puncher of a connecting rod driving, it is characterized in that: comprise a liftable flowerpot delivery platform and be arranged at the puncher of top of flowerpot punching station, described puncher comprises frame, and the positioning and clamping mechanism be fixed in frame and punch mechanism, the side that described clamping plate are relative is provided with the drift that can eject punching, described drift is arranged in the drift fixed mount in frame, the opening that drift can be made to stretch out punching is provided with on front side of described fixed mount, described punch tip is connected with the tilting drift connecting rod for making drift run towards opening, the other end of described drift connecting rod is connected on central rack one drift push rod moving up and down, when drift push rod moves down, drift connecting rod is driven to drive drift to run punching towards opening.
2. the paper flower basin puncher of a kind of connecting rod driving according to claim 1, to realize moving up and down of push rod on the slide mechanism that described push rod is fixed on a leading screw and nut mechanism, the slide mechanism of described nut body to be driven by a pair spur gear by synchronous motor and rotates.
3. the paper flower basin puncher of a kind of connecting rod driving according to claim 2, described drift peripheral part is provided with flange, and described flange and drift fixed mount are directly connected with spring forces drift rearward end to oppress drift connecting rod.
4. the paper flower basin puncher of a kind of connecting rod driving according to claim 2, described puncher also comprises a feed mechanism, described feed mechanism comprises the feeding guide plate being arranged at clamping plate and the direct top of drift, described feeding guide plate is arranged with rivet, described feeding guide plate top is connected with the fork making feeding guide plate swing blanking, described fork lower end is hinged with a kinematic link, frame is articulated with in the middle part of described kinematic link, described kinematic link rearward end is connected with a blanking connecting rod, kinematic link front side end and frame are directly provided with extension spring, described extension spring one end acts on the frame other end and acts on kinematic link front end kinematic link afterbody is connected with blanking connecting rod, the described blanking connecting rod other end is connected on upper rack one blanking push rod moving up and down, when blanking push rod moves down, blanking push rod compressing blanking connecting rod drives kinematic link to rotate around hinged place, be provided with below described feeding guide plate and be fixed on frame and for the track retainer of fixing feeding guide plate lower end, in the oblique jack stretching into track retainer in described feeding guide plate lower end.
5. the paper flower basin puncher of a kind of connecting rod driving according to claim 4, described positioning and clamping mechanism and punch mechanism have four groups, and along the circumferential direction uniform, and when conveying flowerpot moves, expansion link acting in conjunction realizes clamping and positioning in flowerpot outside.
6. the paper flower basin puncher of a kind of connecting rod driving according to claim 1, described positioning and clamping mechanism comprises the expansion link being driven oblique setting by drive unit, and described expansion link front end is provided with clamping plate.
7. the paper flower basin puncher of a kind of connecting rod driving according to claim 6, the drive unit of described expansion link is screw body or cylinder.
8. the paper flower basin puncher of a kind of connecting rod driving according to claim 4, described feeding guide plate upper end is provided with percussion mechanism.
9. a paper flower basin puncher using method for connecting rod driving, comprises the paper flower basin puncher that a kind of connecting rod described in claim 5 or 6 drives, it is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) paper flower basin to be punctured is placed in delivery platform, enters behind workspace to be punctured until paper flower basin, workbench moves;
(2) positioning and clamping mechanism work, makes paper flower basin fix to clamp;
(3) drive unit slides on front side of drift under driving doffer to make rivet, and punch mechanism work, flowerpot basin body punches and embeds rivet simultaneously;
(4) positioning and clamping mechanism unclamps, and delivery platform moves down.
CN201410492701.1A 2014-09-24 2014-09-24 Paper flower basin puncher and using method thereof that a kind of connecting rod drives Active CN104290128B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410492701.1A CN104290128B (en) 2014-09-24 2014-09-24 Paper flower basin puncher and using method thereof that a kind of connecting rod drives

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410492701.1A CN104290128B (en) 2014-09-24 2014-09-24 Paper flower basin puncher and using method thereof that a kind of connecting rod drives

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CN104290128B CN104290128B (en) 2016-05-04

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112123437A (en) * 2020-08-17 2020-12-25 林媚彩 Energy-concerving and environment-protective accounting document perforating device is used in official working

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1523902A1 (en) * 2003-10-15 2005-04-20 Benedetto Fedeli Piercing apparatus for piercing a small compressed gas bottle to quickly inflate a sack and tool for reloading the piercing apparatus
WO2009015773A1 (en) * 2007-07-28 2009-02-05 WINKLER+DüNNEBIER AG Process for producing sheet-forming flat material blanks from individuated flat material sheets, and rotary punch for carrying out the process
CN202491465U (en) * 2012-03-29 2012-10-17 山东新华包装有限公司 Package barrel hemming and punching all-in-one machine
CN203650611U (en) * 2013-11-11 2014-06-18 苏州工业园区明扬彩色包装印刷有限公司 Carton punching machine
CN203772153U (en) * 2014-01-12 2014-08-13 雷鸣 Paper-tube perforating device
CN204136129U (en) * 2014-09-24 2015-02-04 福州大学 The paper flower basin puncher that a kind of connecting rod drives

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1523902A1 (en) * 2003-10-15 2005-04-20 Benedetto Fedeli Piercing apparatus for piercing a small compressed gas bottle to quickly inflate a sack and tool for reloading the piercing apparatus
WO2009015773A1 (en) * 2007-07-28 2009-02-05 WINKLER+DüNNEBIER AG Process for producing sheet-forming flat material blanks from individuated flat material sheets, and rotary punch for carrying out the process
CN202491465U (en) * 2012-03-29 2012-10-17 山东新华包装有限公司 Package barrel hemming and punching all-in-one machine
CN203650611U (en) * 2013-11-11 2014-06-18 苏州工业园区明扬彩色包装印刷有限公司 Carton punching machine
CN203772153U (en) * 2014-01-12 2014-08-13 雷鸣 Paper-tube perforating device
CN204136129U (en) * 2014-09-24 2015-02-04 福州大学 The paper flower basin puncher that a kind of connecting rod drives

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112123437A (en) * 2020-08-17 2020-12-25 林媚彩 Energy-concerving and environment-protective accounting document perforating device is used in official working

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