CN104287081B - Suncured tabacco tobacco leaf preparation method - Google Patents

Suncured tabacco tobacco leaf preparation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104287081B
CN104287081B CN201410594640.XA CN201410594640A CN104287081B CN 104287081 B CN104287081 B CN 104287081B CN 201410594640 A CN201410594640 A CN 201410594640A CN 104287081 B CN104287081 B CN 104287081B
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nicotiana tabacum
air
suncured tabacco
dry
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CN104287081A (en
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王林
汪健
吴风光
何结望
孙署光
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China Tobacco Hunan Industrial Co Ltd
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China Tobacco Hunan Industrial Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B1/00Preparation of tobacco on the plantation
    • A24B1/02Arrangements in barns for preparatory treatment of the tobacco, e.g. with devices for drying

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of suncured tabacco tobacco leaf preparation method, it comprises the steps: the first step: ripe fresh tobacco leaf heap has sealed the after-ripening stage;Second step: the moon dries in the air wilting yellowing stage, including wilting phase and changing yellow stage;3rd step: white solarization dries the sheet dry muscle stage, including dry tablet phase and drying muscle stage night.The suncured tabacco Nicotiana tabacum L. characteristic perfume that the method for the application present invention produces substantially weakens, and fragrance is sent out thoroughly, perfume quantity foot, and flue gas is full joyful, fine and smooth soft, and miscellaneous QI is relatively light, and zest is little, and pleasant impression is comfortable;Leaf color is vivid, and thickness is moderate, oil point foot, evenness;The method is simple, with short production cycle, the Nicotiana tabacum L. modulation time from normal about 50d, within being reduced to 20d;Commercial formulations availability strengthens notable, and use ratio and range of application are greatly improved and widen.

Description

Suncured tabacco tobacco leaf preparation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to tobacco leaf production technical field, specifically refer to a kind of suncured tabacco tobacco leaf preparation method.
Background technology
Domestic suncured tabacco planting area ratio is wide, and kind is also a lot, and such as Nanxiong yellow sun-cured tobacco, Lianzhou City shine Tobacco, Huang gang Sun cured tobacco, Ningxiang's Sun cured tobacco, He Prefecture Sun cured tobacco, Mengzi cutter cigarette, Guangfeng cigarette, generous Cigarette etc. is cut in suncured tabacco, Qixia suncured tabacco, Jiaohe Sun cured tobacco, Wuhua life.Suncured tabacco is because of its exclusive feature and matter Amount style, can be widely applied in the various product formula such as fire-cured tobacco type, mixed type, cigar type, especially It is to provide abundant raw material resources for the fast development of the low harmful Chinese-style cigarette of low Jiao and Chinese style cigar.
Currently, due to fertilising unbalanced, field management is not in place, ripe harvesting standard hold inaccurate, The impact of the factors such as modulator approach not science, Nicotiana tabacum L. appearance luster is gloomy, blade face light to cause suncured tabacco Sliding, oily point poor, and chemical composition owes to coordinate, and impermeable of fragrance, perfume quantity are not enough, blue foreign smell is heavy, cigarette The rough problem such as rough, have impact on its industrial applicability and use value;It addition, suncured tabacco liquor style Unification is incompatible with tobacco leaf formulation diversified demand, also have impact on its use ratio and range of application.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of suncured tabacco tobacco leaf preparation method, the method is by adopting maturation The suncured tabacco Nicotiana tabacum L. plucked carries out that heap is sealed, the moon dries in the air wilting flavescence and white solarization dries the technical finesses such as sheet dry muscle night, To improve the quality of suncured tabacco Nicotiana tabacum L., improve and widen suncured tabacco use ratio in tobacco leaf formulation and application Scope.
For achieving the above object, the suncured tabacco tobacco leaf preparation method that the present invention provides, it comprises the steps of:
1) Nicotiana tabacum L. heap has been sealed the after-ripening stage: suncured tabacco Nicotiana tabacum L. field is adopted after reaching ripe harvesting standard Pluck, the fresh tobacco leaf of 300~500 is neatly stacked, use covered rearing with plastic film, carry out heap and sealed After-ripening, Nicotiana tabacum L. reach 3~4 one-tenth Huangs after carry out compile string extension dry in the air;
2) the moon dries in the air wilting yellowing stage: bunchiness Nicotiana tabacum L. is hung on suncured tabacco and dries in the air and carry out the system of drying in the air in room, this stage Including wilting phase and changing yellow stage, controlling wilting phase relative humidity is 75~85%, and changing yellow stage relative humidity is 70~80%, inferior leads reaches 8~9 one-tenth yellow, middle and upper part leaf reaches 9~during 10 one-tenths Huangs, takes out the room that dries in the air and exists Dry in the sun under sunlight;
3) white solarization is dried the sheet dry muscle stage at night: include dry tablet phase and drying muscle stage:
(1), when dry tablet phase: A, the morning 10~11, take out the bunchiness Nicotiana tabacum L. after turning yellow and be placed in the room that dries in the air Carry out outward dry in the sun;When B, the same day 18~19, bunchiness Nicotiana tabacum L. is reapposed over and dries in the air in room, toast, Relative humidity controls 60~70%;C, circulation step A and B, until blade and offshoot are dried;
(2) drying muscle stage: after the Nicotiana tabacum L. dry tablet of step (1), improves room temperature of drying in the air, controls the wettest Degree is 60~70%, until the dry muscle of Nicotiana tabacum L..
Preferably, it comprises the steps of:
1) Nicotiana tabacum L. heap has been sealed the after-ripening stage: suncured tabacco Nicotiana tabacum L. field is adopted after reaching ripe harvesting standard Pluck, 400~500 quantity fresh tobacco leaf not etc. is neatly stacked, uses covered rearing with plastic film, carry out Heap has sealed after-ripening, can compile string extension and dry in the air when Nicotiana tabacum L. reaches 3 one-tenth Huangs;
2) the moon dries in the air wilting yellowing stage: bunchiness Nicotiana tabacum L. is hung on suncured tabacco and dries in the air and carry out the system of drying in the air in room, this stage Including wilting phase and changing yellow stage, controlling wilting phase relative humidity is 80~85%, and changing yellow stage relative humidity is 75~80%, when inferior leads reaches that 8 one-tenth yellow, middle and upper part leaves reach 9 one-tenth Huangs, take out the room that dries in the air and shine in the sun System;
3) white solarization is dried the sheet dry muscle stage at night: include dry tablet phase and drying muscle stage:
(1), when dry tablet phase: A, the morning 10~11, take out the bunchiness Nicotiana tabacum L. after turning yellow and be placed in the room that dries in the air Carry out outward dry in the sun;When B, the same day 18~19, bunchiness Nicotiana tabacum L. is reapposed over and dries in the air in room, toast, Controlling relative humidity is 65~70%;C, circulation step A and B, until blade and offshoot are dried;
(2) drying muscle stage: after the Nicotiana tabacum L. dry tablet of step (1), improves room temperature of drying in the air, controls the wettest Degree is maintained at 65~70%, until dry muscle.
Further, described step 1) in carry out heap and sealed after-ripening, the heap time of sealing is 4~8h.
Further, described step 2) in control the temperature of wilting phase and changing yellow stage be 25~32 DEG C.
Further, in described step C, repetitive cycling step A and B time are 2~4d.
Further, being toasted by bunchiness Nicotiana tabacum L. in described step B, temperature is 38~42 DEG C,
Wherein, described step 1) in suncured tabacco Nicotiana tabacum L. maturation standard of plucking be: inferior leads: blade face 6~7 Become yellow green-yellow, based on green grass or young crops, in green grass or young crops, band is yellow, and master pulse bleaches, offshoot pale green, and fine hair minority is de- Falling, blade tip is the most sagging;Middle leaf: yellow light yellow of blade face 7~8 one-tenth, is slightly shown in ripe speckle, and master pulse is complete Poliosis is bright, and offshoot is green in vain, fine hair partial exfoliation, and stem and leaf angle increases, and blade tip is sagging;Upper leaf: , there is obvious yellow-white maturation speckle in yellow faint yellow of blade face 8~9 one-tenth, and blade face is wrinkling, and master pulse is entirely white, Offshoot is tender in vain, and fine hair major part comes off, and stem and leaf angle increases to more than 90 °, and blade tip yellow degree increases Big or withertip Jiao limit.
It is an advantage of the current invention that: the suncured tabacco Nicotiana tabacum L. characteristic perfume that the method for the application present invention produces is obvious Weakening, fragrance is sent out thoroughly, perfume quantity foot, and flue gas is full joyful, fine and smooth soft, and miscellaneous QI is relatively light, stimulates Property is little, and pleasant impression is comfortable;Leaf color is vivid, and thickness is moderate, oil point foot, evenness;The method Simply, with short production cycle, Nicotiana tabacum L. modulation the time from normal about 50d, within being reduced to 20d; Commercial formulations availability strengthens notable, and use ratio and range of application are greatly improved and widen.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
Suncured tabacco chooses Danjiangkou, Hubei local varieties, equal state famous sun-cured tobaccos, is commonly called as again hair cigarette.Nicotiana tabacum L. field Between plantation select smooth in physical features, irrigation and drainage are convenient, the uniform plot of soil fertility, and soil fertility equalizes, Quality is loosened, and permeability is good, and fertility state is good.Production management's link according to general planting hair cigarette Tobacco technology is carried out, and when Nicotiana tabacum L. growth reaches ripe harvesting standard, gathers.
Embodiment one: in the middle part of suncured tabacco as a example by Mature Tobacco Leaves, the present invention suncures tabacco the step of tobacco leaf preparation method Rapid as follows:
The first step: ripe fresh tobacco leaf heap has sealed the after-ripening stage.
Fresh tobacco leaf harvesting returned is by about 400, and point leaf blade size, bluish yellow and disease pest endanger journey Degree etc. carries out neat stacking of classifying, and then divides heap to cover with plastic sheeting, and carrying out heap seals about 4h, lifts Open thin film, when having the blade of more than 90% to reach 3 one-tenth Huangs, can carry out compiling string, carry out in being hung on the room that dries in the air The system of drying in the air.Wherein, tobacco leaf string is that the Nicotiana tabacum L. of same type is worn into a rope, and when i.e. wearing string, blade back is to blade back, Often bundle 2, often rope cigarette requires homochromy, homogeneity, same to size.
Second step: the moon dries in the air wilting yellowing stage, including wilting phase and changing yellow stage.
Bunchiness Nicotiana tabacum L. being hung on suncured tabacco dry in the air and carry out the system of drying in the air in room, wilting phase temperature controls at 25 DEG C, relatively Humid control, 75%, lasts 2d;
Changing yellow stage temperature controls at 32 DEG C, and relative humidity controls, 75%, to last 6d;
The middle part blade of more than 90% reach 9~10 one-tenth yellow, hands touches that leaf tip is the most dry and muscle is soft, and blade tip hooks When rising, take out the room dry in the sun under sunlight that dries in the air.
3rd step: white solarization dries the sheet dry muscle stage, including dry tablet phase and drying muscle stage night.
The dry tablet phase: after (1) has turned yellow, select fair weather, during the morning 10~11, take out bunchiness Nicotiana tabacum L. is placed in outside the room that dries in the air and carries out dry in the sun;(2), during that afternoon 18~19, bunchiness Nicotiana tabacum L. is relay Putting in the room that dries in the air, carry out heated baking, temperature controls at 42 DEG C, and relative humidity controls 60%;(3) Repeat " (1) " and " (2) " step, continuous 2d, until blade and offshoot are dried.
Drying muscle stage: after Nicotiana tabacum L. dry tablet, with the programming rate of 2 DEG C/h, promotes room temperature to 55 DEG C of drying in the air, Relative humidity is maintained at 60%, until Nicotiana tabacum L. master pulse is completely dried, lasts 1.5d.
Embodiment two:
The first step: ripe fresh tobacco leaf heap has sealed the after-ripening stage.
Fresh tobacco leaf harvesting returned is by about 300, and point leaf blade size, bluish yellow and disease pest endanger journey Degree etc. carries out neat stacking of classifying, and then divides heap to cover with plastic sheeting, and carrying out heap seals about 6h, lifts Open thin film, when having the blade of more than 90% to reach 4 one-tenth Huangs, can carry out compiling string, carry out in being hung on the room that dries in the air The system of drying in the air.Wherein, tobacco leaf string is that the Nicotiana tabacum L. of same type is worn into a rope, and when i.e. wearing string, blade back is to blade back, Often bundle 2, often rope cigarette requires homochromy, homogeneity, same to size.
Second step: the moon dries in the air wilting yellowing stage, including wilting phase and changing yellow stage.
Bunchiness Nicotiana tabacum L. being hung on suncured tabacco dry in the air and carry out the system of drying in the air in room, wilting phase temperature controls at 30 DEG C, relatively Humid control, 80%, lasts 4d;
Changing yellow stage temperature controls at 25 DEG C, and relative humidity controls, 80%, to last 9d;
The middle part blade of more than 90% reach 9~10 one-tenth yellow, hands touches that leaf tip is the most dry and muscle is soft, and blade tip hooks When rising, take out the room dry in the sun under sunlight that dries in the air.
3rd step: white solarization dries the sheet dry muscle stage, including dry tablet phase and drying muscle stage night.
The dry tablet phase: after (1) has turned yellow, select fair weather, during the morning 10~11, take out bunchiness Nicotiana tabacum L. is placed in outside the room that dries in the air and carries out dry in the sun;(2), during that afternoon 18~19, bunchiness Nicotiana tabacum L. is relay Putting in the room that dries in the air, carry out heated baking, temperature controls at 40 DEG C, and relative humidity controls 70%;(3) Repeat " (1) " and " (2) " step, continuous 3d, until blade and offshoot are dried.
Drying muscle stage: after Nicotiana tabacum L. dry tablet, with the programming rate of 1.5 DEG C/h, promotes room temperature to 56 DEG C of drying in the air, Relative humidity is maintained at 70%, until Nicotiana tabacum L. master pulse is completely dried, lasts 2d.
Embodiment three:
The first step: ripe fresh tobacco leaf heap has sealed the after-ripening stage.
Fresh tobacco leaf harvesting returned is by about 500, and point leaf blade size, bluish yellow and disease pest endanger journey Degree etc. carries out neat stacking of classifying, and then divides heap to cover with plastic sheeting, and carrying out heap seals about 8h, lifts Open thin film, when having the blade of more than 90% to reach 3 one-tenth Huangs, can carry out compiling string, carry out in being hung on the room that dries in the air The system of drying in the air.Wherein, tobacco leaf string is that the Nicotiana tabacum L. of same type is worn into a rope, and when i.e. wearing string, blade back is to blade back, Often bundle 2, often rope cigarette requires homochromy, homogeneity, same to size.
Second step: the moon dries in the air wilting yellowing stage, including wilting phase and changing yellow stage.
Bunchiness Nicotiana tabacum L. being hung on suncured tabacco dry in the air and carry out the system of drying in the air in room, wilting phase temperature controls at 32 DEG C, relatively Humid control, 85%, lasts 3d;
Changing yellow stage temperature controls at 30 DEG C, and relative humidity controls, 70%, to last 7d;
The middle part blade of more than 90% reach 9~10 one-tenth yellow, hands touches that leaf tip is the most dry and muscle is soft, and blade tip hooks When rising, take out the room dry in the sun under sunlight that dries in the air.
3rd step: white solarization dries the sheet dry muscle stage, including dry tablet phase and drying muscle stage night.
The dry tablet phase: after (1) has turned yellow, select fair weather, during the morning 10~11, take out bunchiness Nicotiana tabacum L. is placed in outside the room that dries in the air and carries out dry in the sun;(2), during that afternoon 18~19, bunchiness Nicotiana tabacum L. is relay Putting in the room that dries in the air, carry out heated baking, temperature controls at 38 DEG C, and relative humidity controls 65%;(3) Repeat " (1) " and " (2) " step, continuous 4d, until blade and offshoot are dried.
Drying muscle stage: after Nicotiana tabacum L. dry tablet, with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/h, promotes room temperature to 52 DEG C of drying in the air, Relative humidity is maintained at 65%, until Nicotiana tabacum L. master pulse is completely dried, lasts 1d.
In the present invention, Nicotiana tabacum L. seals the anaerobic fermentation carrying out the short time by heap, is on the one hand to promote Nicotiana tabacum L. Breathing and own metabolism, whole Nicotiana tabacum Lves complete technical maturity, i.e. accelerate chlorophyll fast decoupled and reduce, Starch, protein are also accelerated to decompose, and meanwhile, Nicotiana tabacum L. internal substance decomposes towards beneficially aroma substance The aspect development increased;On the other hand it is the different cover times adjusting Nicotiana tabacum L. heap, makes more than 90% Blade reaches same tobacco leaves property standard, lays the foundation for the next stage room system of drying in the air of drying in the air.
Wherein, select to take out during the morning 10~11 of fair weather Nicotiana tabacum L. and carry out the reason of dry in the sun and be, Now under sunlight in air, temperature is gradually gone up, and relative humidity declines substantially, for blade fixation and It is dried and a good spatial environments is provided.The reason that Nicotiana tabacum L. is put back to during selection afternoon 18~19 room that dries in the air exists In, now ambient temperature declines substantially, and air humidity strengthens, and Nicotiana tabacum L. starts deliquescing, it is simple to taking and placing turn Moving, be difficult to make broken, additionally can increase blade humidity, in order to dry in the air night, baking room provides portion of water, In holding Nicotiana tabacum L., the activity of important enzyme, increases leaf color and colourity, promotes blade and offshoot fixation, Be conducive to aroma substance and the accumulation of front extract thereof.
Under sunlight, dry in the sun combines with toasting in the room that dries in the air, it is achieved daytime, relative low temperature added well-ventilated, night Between relatively-high temperature to add humidity the most stable, temperature forms the pattern of " height is high ", and its purpose exists In, one is to facilitate and speed up the fixation of blade and offshoot and be dried;Two is to promote macromolecular complex in blade Matter converts, is decomposed into aroma substance or its front extract;Three is can to take away part under the conditions of well-ventilated The most joyful breath.
The quality evaluation of 7~9 Nicotiana tabacum Lves in the middle part of above-described embodiment suncured tabacco
Table 1 present invention compares with the suncured tabacco presentation quality of conventional modulated method
Table 2 present invention compares with the suncured tabacco aesthetic quality of conventional modulated method
Table 3 present invention compares (%) with the suncured tabacco chemical composition content of conventional modulated method
Index Conventional modulated method Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3
Nicotine 3.9 3.3~3.9 3.2~3.9 3.1~3.9
Total nitrogen 3.1 3.0~3.7 3.2~3.7 3.3~3.7
Total sugar 1.9 2.0~4.4 2.1~4.4 2.0~4.3
Potassium 2.1 1.9~2.5 2.0~2.6 2.1~2.5
Chlorine 0.36 0.31~0.45 0.33~0.46 0.32~0.44
Table 1~3 is shown that quality versus's situation of the present invention and traditional method modulation suncured tabacco Nicotiana tabacum L..From Table 1 is it can be seen that the suncured tabacco Nicotiana tabacum L. of present invention modulation is based on true yellow, and Maturity is good, blade thickness Moderate, oil point foot, evenness is distinct, short texture, and better-than-average cigarette ratio improves 5~7%, Overall appearance quality is good compared with traditional method.
As seen from Table 2, the suncured tabacco quality of tobacco style and features change of present invention modulation substantially, has Significantly like flue-cured tobacco feature style breath, perfume quantity foot, joyful full, the property sent out is good thoroughly, and flue gas is agglomerating, Fine and smooth soft, miscellaneous QI is light, and zest is little, and pleasant impression is comfortable.
From table 3 it is observed that the suncured tabacco nicotine content in tobacco leaf of present invention modulation substantially reduces, always Sugar and potassium content substantially increase, and other index content differences therebetween are inconspicuous.Therefore, this The suncured tabacco Nicotiana tabacum L. of bright modulation does very well, especially in presentation quality and sensory evaluating smoking's mass relatively traditional method At leaf color, oil point and uniformity of chromaticity, and perfume quantity, flue gas soft with turgor, miscellaneous The aspect such as gas and zest is had outstanding performance, and integrated quality is obviously improved, and commercial formulations availability increases Strong notable, use ratio and range of application are greatly improved and widen.

Claims (6)

1. a suncured tabacco tobacco leaf preparation method, it comprises the steps of:
1) Nicotiana tabacum L. heap has been sealed the after-ripening stage: suncured tabacco Nicotiana tabacum L. reaches Mature harvesting standard After pluck, the suncured tabacco Nicotiana tabacum L. of 400~500 is neatly stacked, use plastic sheeting Covering, carry out heap and sealed the after-ripening stage, suncured tabacco Nicotiana tabacum L. can be compiled string extension and dry in the air when reaching 3 one-tenth Huangs;
2) the moon dries in the air wilting yellowing stage: Nicotiana tabacum L. of being suncured tabacco by bunchiness is hung on suncured tabacco and dries in the air and carry out in room The system of drying in the air, this stage includes wilting phase and changing yellow stage, control wilting phase relative humidity be 80~ 85%, changing yellow stage relative humidity is 75~80%, and inferior leads reaches 8 one-tenth yellow, middle and upper part leaves When reaching 9 one-tenth Huangs, take out the room dry in the sun in the sun that dries in the air;
3) white solarization is dried the sheet dry muscle stage at night: include dry tablet phase and drying muscle stage:
(1), when dry tablet phase: A, the morning 10~11, the bunchiness suncured tabacco cigarette after turning yellow is taken out Leaf is placed in outside the room that dries in the air and carries out dry in the sun;When B, the same day 18~19, Nicotiana tabacum L. weight that bunchiness is suncured tabacco Newly being placed on and dry in the air in room, toast, controlling relative humidity is 65~70%;C, circulation Step A and B, until blade and offshoot are dried;
(2) drying muscle stage: after the suncured tabacco Nicotiana tabacum L. dry tablet of step (1), improves room temperature of drying in the air, Controlling relative humidity is 65~70%, until dry muscle.
Suncured tabacco tobacco leaf preparation method the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: Described step 1) in carry out heap and sealed the after-ripening stage, the heap time of sealing is 4~8h.
Suncured tabacco tobacco leaf preparation method the most according to claim 1 and 2, its feature exists In described step 2) in control the temperature of wilting phase and changing yellow stage be 25~32 DEG C.
Suncured tabacco tobacco leaf preparation method the most according to claim 1 and 2, its feature exists In: in described step C, repetitive cycling step A and B time are 2~4d.
Suncured tabacco tobacco leaf preparation method the most according to claim 1 and 2, its feature exists In: being toasted by bunchiness Nicotiana tabacum L. in described step B, temperature is 38~42 DEG C.
Suncured tabacco tobacco leaf preparation method the most according to claim 1 and 2, its feature exists In: in step (2) after Nicotiana tabacum L. dry tablet, with the programming rate of 1~2 DEG C/h, improve the room that dries in the air Temperature is to 52~56 DEG C.
CN201410594640.XA 2014-10-29 2014-10-29 Suncured tabacco tobacco leaf preparation method Active CN104287081B (en)

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CN108523196A (en) * 2018-05-16 2018-09-14 四川中烟工业有限责任公司 A kind of dry methods of flue-cured tobacco cultivars tobacco leaf

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