CN104286578A - Mixed feed for penaeus monodon at middle culture stage - Google Patents

Mixed feed for penaeus monodon at middle culture stage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104286578A
CN104286578A CN201410607121.2A CN201410607121A CN104286578A CN 104286578 A CN104286578 A CN 104286578A CN 201410607121 A CN201410607121 A CN 201410607121A CN 104286578 A CN104286578 A CN 104286578A
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percent
penaeus monodon
mixed feed
feed
raw material
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CN201410607121.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张蕉霖
张蕉南
胡兵
李惠
王云才
陈庆堂
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Fujian Tianma Science & Technology Group Co Ltd
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Fujian Tianma Science & Technology Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410607121.2A priority Critical patent/CN104286578A/en
Publication of CN104286578A publication Critical patent/CN104286578A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses mixed feed for penaeus monodon at the middle culture stage. The feed is suitable for feeding penaeus monodon with the length being 3.1 to 8.0 cm at the middle culture stage, and comprises the following raw material constituents in percent by weight: 21 to 30 percent of fish meal, 1 to 5 percent of housefly larvae powder, 17 to 19 percent of high protein flour, 13 to 23 percent of bean pulp, 13 to 17 percent of peanut meal, 1 to 2 percent of fish oil, 1 to 3 percent of soybean lecithin oil, 1 to 3 percent of squid liver, 2 to 4 percent of yeast extract, 3 to 5 percent of seaweed gel, 2 to 8 percent of shrimp paste, 0.5 to 1.5 percent of mineral substance, 0.5 to 1.5 percent of monocalcium phosphate, 0.1 to 0.3 percent of choline chloride, 0.2 to 0.4 percent of shrimp multi-vitamin, 0.1 to 0.5 percent of taurine, 0.6 to 1 percent of nanometer montmorillonite, 0.03 to 0.07 percent of sodium butyrate, and 0.01 to 0.05 percent of curcumin. The feed can improve the culture quality of penaeus monodon, ensures that the penaeus monodon is fast to grow, has comprehensive nutrition, is low in cost, and has good feed attracting property, good stability in water, good economic benefit and good culture effect.

Description

Cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term
Technical field
The present invention relates to aquatic product matched field of fodder, particularly relate to cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term field.
Background technology
Penaeus monodon is commonly called as grass shrimp, spot joint shrimp, large Tiger Prawns etc., the feature such as there is fast growth, individual large, delicious meat, nutritious, thermophilic proper salinity level is wide, the market price is good, be one of large main cultured prawn in the world three, extensively cultivate on China Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Fujian and other places.
Research about Penaeus monodon feed has more report.The disclosed technology such as Chinese patent " a kind of Penaeus monodon mixed feed and preparation method thereof (CN201210360532.7) ", " a kind of Penaeus monodon fortification breeding period special compound feed and preparation method thereof (CN201210307404.6) ", " a kind of Penaeus monodon micro-granulated feed in seedling stage (CN201210307456.3) " has respective technical characterstic.The present invention is different from published invention technology in the selection and proportioning of raw material etc., has unique technical characterstic in attractant, water stability, raising immunity and anti-stress ability, shelling growth promotion etc.
Because Penaeus monodon is at different growth and development stage, its nutritional requirement also also exists larger difference, therefore in the cultivation of Penaeus monodon, generally according to the different cultivation stages, the various raw materials of artifical compound feed are carried out different scientific matching and forms different mixed feeds.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of production cost low and cultivate the higher cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term being suitable for cultivating mid-term stage of Penaeus monodon quality.
For achieving the above object, cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term of the present invention by the following technical solutions, be suitable for feed cultivation mid-term stage Penaeus monodon, namely body length is at the Penaeus monodon of 3.1cm ~ 8.0cm, its each raw material components and weight percentage as follows:
Described each raw material components is mixed into mixed feed.
Also comprise antioxidant in described raw material components, its weight percentage is 0.02%.
Also comprise phagostimulant in described raw material components, its weight percentage is 0.2%.
Also comprise shelling element in described raw material components, its weight percentage is 0.1%.
Preferably, each raw material components of described mixed feed and weight percentage as follows:
Described antioxidant is dibutyl hydroxy toluene or ethoxyquinoline.
Described phagostimulant is dimethyl-β-DMPT (referred to as DMPT).
Described shelling element is β-ecdysteroid, sterol or cryptosterol.
Described mixed feed is a kind of mixture be made up of each raw material components, each raw material components all can commercially be purchased, its technological process of production is as follows: first choose large part raw material according to formulation ratio, smallclothes mixture, again large part raw material and smallclothes mixture are dropped into batch charger, screen scarifier removal of impurities primary dcreening operation, mixer first time mixing, micronizer carries out ultramicro grinding, the inputs such as grease, the mixing of mixer second time, quality-adjusting device is modified, granulator is granulated, drying machine drying, cooler cools, crusher in crushing, screening machine sieves, weigh and be packaged to be finished feed.
Wherein, fish meal mainly provides protein sources and energy, and plays good food calling effect.Because the requirement of Penaeus monodon to protein cultivating mid-term stage is higher, the content of the fish meal therefore in the present invention is also higher, is 21% ~ 30%.
Fly maggot powder is that fly maggot dries the rear product of pulverizing, has stronger phagostimulating effect, provides abundant amino acid simultaneously, and containing antibacterial peptide, play disease-resistant growth-promoting, alternative Partial Fish Meal, can reduce aquaculture cost.When its content is greater than 5%, the nutritional labelings such as the calcium in feed, phosphorus reduce, and are unfavorable for that golden butterfish grows, and when being less than 1%, phagostimulating effect is deteriorated.
The gross protein value of Strong flour is 12% ~ 15%, and wet gluten value, more than 35%, to be compared with Self-raising flour with Plain flour and had better bond effect.Strong flour is mainly used for being beneficial to raw mixture shaping particles when granulating and the good stability of tool, and Penaeus monodon has embraces the distinctive feeding method of food, has very high requirement to the water stability of feed.When its content is greater than 19%, the crude protein of feed is reduced, when being less than 17%, then particle water stability reduces.
Dregs of beans, peanut meal mainly provide protein sources and energy, and for animal proteins such as Substitute For Partial fish meal, during too high levels, feed conversion rate declines.
Fish oil mainly provides essential fatty acid and energy, and plays food calling effect.Require all can increase to the technological requirement, feed storage etc. of product when it adds excessive, and when adding not enough, the function such as energy, food calling of feed all declines.
Soyabean lecithin oil mainly provides energy, can promote shrimp body digesting and assimilating feed, requires all can increase to the technological requirement, feed storage etc. of product when it adds excessive, and when adding not enough, the energy of feed, the function such as to digest and assimilate and all declines.
Squid liver paste squid viscera, makes through techniques such as high temperature, sterilizing, separation, oven dry, has stronger food calling effect to Penaeus monodon, and adding too highly can affect feeding quality safety.
Yeast extract uses specific fresh yeast, adopts biotechnology to make, and interior have strong food calling composition containing free amino acid, nucleotides etc., can strengthen immunity, improves resisting stress level.
Algin is mainly used in the water stability increasing pellet, reduces the molten mistake of feed, also can provide nutrition and trace element simultaneously.Embrace the distinctive feeding method of food because Penaeus monodon has, have very high requirement to the water stability of feed, add the water stability that appropriate algin is conducive to improving feed.
Shrimp slurry be raw material shrimp got slurry by fashion of extrusion, kill enzyme, filtration, the technique such as drying makes, alternative Partial Fish Meal, has strong shrimp fragrance, and phagostimulating effect is good.The too high meeting of addition causes feed amino acid uneven, reduces feed conversion rate.
Mineral matter, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, Choline Chloride and shrimp multidimensional etc., all as additive, play the effect of extra-nutrition, provide Penaeus monodon necessary trace element, and promote the metabolism of shrimp body, its addition is all not high.
Taurine is a kind of non-protein amino acid of sulfur-bearing, has and has more by force phagostimulating effect and growth-promoting effect.Taurine achieves good effect in the livestock and poultry cultivation animals such as pig chicken and the aquiculture animal such as Macrobrachium nipponensis, Penaeus Vannmei, but in cultivating penaeus monodon rare report.
Nano montmorillonite effectively can control enteritis, improves feed efficiency and reduces aquaculture cost.Nano montmorillonite achieves good effect in the livestock and poultry cultivation animals such as pig chicken and the aquiculture animal such as sturgeon, Tilapia mossambica, but in cultivating penaeus monodon rare report.
Sodium butyrate is a kind of biological regulator, effectively can improve Day feeding amount and the daily gain of the cultivated animals such as piglet, chick, reduce feed coefficient, regulating intestinal canal Tiny ecosystem and raising immunocompetence, one of good Substitutes For Antibiotic, rare report in cultivating penaeus monodon.
Curcumin have non-oxidizability, anti-infective, antitumor, regulate the function such as lipid metaboli, in the aquiculture animals such as livestock and poultry cultivation animal and large yellow croaker, grass carp, Tilapia mossambica such as pig chicken, achieve good effect, but in cultivating penaeus monodon rare report.
For improving the service time of product of the present invention, can add antioxidant in material composition of the present invention, antioxidant generally adopts dibutyl hydroxy toluene or ethoxyquinoline, is mainly used in preventing feed Raw as oxidized in protein, fat.But add excessive shrimp body and also can cause adverse effect.
For making the present invention have better phagostimulating effect, separately phagostimulant can be added in its raw material components, mainly DMPT, ingesting of Penaeus monodon can be effectively promoted.
In order to ensure that Penaeus monodon shells smoothly, realizing growing fast, in material composition of the present invention, adding shelling element, be mainly β-ecdysteroid, sterol or cryptosterol.
Cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term of the present invention, has the following advantages compared with feed similar with other:
1, comprehensive nutrition: product is rich in various necessary protein sources, trace element, minerals and vitamins etc., meets cultivating penaeus monodon growth phase in mid-term to the demand of various nutritional labeling.
2, water stability is good, pollutes few: product of the present invention with the addition of Strong flour to breeding water body, is conducive to feed product shaping and stable, can ensures that product soaks in water and not scatter for more than 3 hours, reduce the pollution to breeding water body.
3, attractant is good, and feed conversion rate is high: the present invention with the addition of raw material and the additive that yeast extract, squid liver paste, shrimp slurry, phagostimulant DMPT etc. have good food calling performance, and Penaeus monodon can be promoted to ingest and grow, and feed conversion rate is high.
4, production cost, aquaculture cost are low: raw material of the present invention all can commercially have been bought, have wider raw material source, enhance the external competitiveness of enterprise, and feed conversion rate is high, feed coefficient is low, thus reduce aquaculture cost, feed coefficient is that body increases by one jin of body weight, the weight of the feed of needs.
5, green non-pollution, high efficiency: the Penaeus monodon growth of mixed feed of the present invention of ingesting is fast, and the features such as anti-stress ability is strong, and shrimp body is healthy, medication is few, for this enterprise and raiser bring higher economic benefit, social benefit and ecological benefits.
Detailed description of the invention
Cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term, its each raw material components and weight percentage as follows:
Also comprise antioxidant in described raw material components, its weight percentage is 0.02%.
Also comprise phagostimulant in described raw material components, its weight percentage is 0.2%.
Also comprise shelling element in described raw material components, its weight percentage is 0.1%.
Embodiment 1
Cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term, its each raw material components and weight percentage as follows:
Fish meal 30%
Fly maggot powder 5%
Strong flour 19%
Dregs of beans 13%
Peanut meal 13%
Fish oil 1.32%
Soyabean lecithin oil 1%
Squid liver paste 1%
Yeast extract 2%
Algin 3%
Shrimp is starched 8%
Mineral matter 1%
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1%
Choline Chloride 0.2%
Shrimp multidimensional 0.3%
Taurine 0.3%
Nano montmorillonite 0.8%
Sodium butyrate 0.05%
Curcumin 0.03%
Embodiment 2
Cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term, its each raw material components and weight percentage as follows:
Embodiment 3
Cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term, its each raw material components and weight percentage as follows:
Embodiment 4
Cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term, its each raw material components and weight percentage as follows:
Embodiment 5
Cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term, its each raw material components and weight percentage as follows:
Embodiment 6
Cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term, its each raw material components and weight percentage as follows:
Embodiment 7
Cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term, its each raw material components and weight percentage as follows:
Fish meal 21%
Fly maggot powder 1%
Strong flour 17%
Dregs of beans 23%
Peanut meal 17%
Fish oil 2%
Soyabean lecithin oil 3%
Squid liver paste 3%
Yeast extract 3%
Algin 4.32%
Shrimp is starched 2%
Mineral matter 1.5%
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5%
Choline Chloride 0.3%
Shrimp multidimensional 0.2%
Taurine 0.1%
Nano montmorillonite 1%
Sodium butyrate 0.03%
Curcumin 0.05%
Embodiment 8
Cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term, its each raw material components and weight percentage as follows:
Fish meal 27%
Fly maggot powder 3%
Strong flour 18%
Dregs of beans 18%
Peanut meal 14%
Fish oil 1%
Soyabean lecithin oil 2%
Squid liver paste 1%
Yeast extract 4%
Algin 5%
Shrimp is starched 3.32%
Mineral matter 0.5%
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1.5%
Choline Chloride 0.1%
Shrimp multidimensional 0.4%
Taurine 0.5%
Nano montmorillonite 0.6%
Sodium butyrate 0.07%
Curcumin 0.01%
Embodiment 9
Cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term, its each raw material components and weight percentage as follows:
Embodiment 10
Cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term, its each raw material components and weight percentage as follows:
The above; be only the present invention's preferably several detailed description of the invention; but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto; anyly be familiar with those skilled in the art in the technical scope that the present invention discloses; be equal to according to technical scheme of the present invention and inventive concept thereof and replace or change, all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.
Application Example
In daily raising, be that 2.11g/ tail, body length are at 3.1cm ~ 8.0cm and the identical cultivation Penaeus monodon in mid-term of other conditions by body weight, be divided into test group and control group, in test group, adopt the cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term obtained by above-described embodiment 1 ~ 10, raise Penaeus monodon 30 days; In control group, the common diet Penaeus monodon adopting market to commonly use 30 days, other rearing conditions are identical, and experimental result is as shown in the table:
As can be seen from the above table, adopt obtained by the embodiment of the present invention 1 ~ 10 cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term, raise Penaeus monodon 30 days, adopt compared with market normal diet raises with control group, the Penaeus monodon of feed of the present invention of ingesting is ingested active, survival rate is high, and growth is fast, and weight gain rate is high, feed coefficient is low, culture efficiency is good, cost is low, high financial profit, and therefore the present invention compared with prior art has outstanding substantive distinguishing features and progress significantly.

Claims (8)

1. cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term, is characterized in that: each raw material components of described mixed feed and weight percentage as follows:
Fish meal 21% ~ 30%;
Fly maggot powder 1% ~ 5%;
Strong flour 17% ~ 19%;
Dregs of beans 13% ~ 23%;
Peanut meal 13% ~ 17%;
Fish oil 1% ~ 2%;
Soyabean lecithin oil 1% ~ 3%;
Squid liver paste 1% ~ 3%;
Yeast extract 2% ~ 4%;
Algin 3% ~ 5%;
Shrimp slurry 2% ~ 8%;
Mineral matter 0.5% ~ 1.5%;
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5% ~ 1.5%;
Choline Chloride 0.1% ~ 0.3%;
Shrimp multidimensional 0.2% ~ 0.4%;
Taurine 0.1% ~ 0.5%;
Nano montmorillonite 0.6% ~ 1%;
Sodium butyrate 0.03% ~ 0.07%;
Curcumin 0.01% ~ 0.05%;
Described each raw material components is mixed into mixed feed.
2. cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also comprise antioxidant in described raw material components, and its weight percentage is 0.02%.
3. cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term according to claim 2, is characterized in that: also comprise phagostimulant in described raw material components, and its weight percentage is 0.2%.
4. cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term according to claim 3, is characterized in that: also comprise shelling element in described raw material components, its weight percentage is 0.1%.
5. cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term according to claim 4, is characterized in that: each raw material components of described mixed feed and weight percentage as follows:
Fish meal 27%;
Fly maggot powder 3%;
Strong flour 17%;
Dregs of beans 18%;
Peanut meal 14%;
Fish oil 1%;
Soyabean lecithin oil 2%;
Squid liver paste 2%;
Yeast extract 3%;
Algin 4%;
Shrimp slurry 5%;
Mineral matter 1%;
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1%;
Choline Chloride 0.2%;
Shrimp multidimensional 0.3%;
Taurine 0.3%;
Nano montmorillonite 0.8%;
Sodium butyrate 0.05%;
Curcumin 0.03%;
Antioxidant 0.02%;
Phagostimulant 0.2%;
Shelling element 0.1%;
Described each raw material components is mixed into mixed feed.
6. the cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term according to claim 2 or 5, is characterized in that: described antioxidant is dibutyl hydroxy toluene or ethoxyquinoline.
7. the cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term according to claim 3 or 5, is characterized in that: described phagostimulant is dimethyl-β-DMPT.
8. the cultivating penaeus monodon mixed feed in mid-term according to claim 4 or 5, is characterized in that: described shelling element is β-ecdysteroid, sterol or cryptosterol.
CN201410607121.2A 2014-10-31 2014-10-31 Mixed feed for penaeus monodon at middle culture stage Pending CN104286578A (en)

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CN107996882A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-05-08 无锡华诺威动物保健品有限公司 One seed shrimp crab special feed premix and its preparation method and application
CN108782989A (en) * 2018-08-07 2018-11-13 沈阳农业大学 A kind of prawn feed of suitable batch production high-density breeding
CN110731429A (en) * 2019-11-19 2020-01-31 福建海大饲料有限公司 Compound feed capable of rapidly recovering body color of penaeus monodon and preparation method thereof
CN111511200A (en) * 2017-11-08 2020-08-07 以色列国家农业部、农村发展农业研究组织·沃尔卡尼中心 Compositions and methods for aquaculture

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111511200A (en) * 2017-11-08 2020-08-07 以色列国家农业部、农村发展农业研究组织·沃尔卡尼中心 Compositions and methods for aquaculture
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CN108782989A (en) * 2018-08-07 2018-11-13 沈阳农业大学 A kind of prawn feed of suitable batch production high-density breeding
CN110731429A (en) * 2019-11-19 2020-01-31 福建海大饲料有限公司 Compound feed capable of rapidly recovering body color of penaeus monodon and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20150121