CN104286429B - A kind of low fish-meal and its application - Google Patents

A kind of low fish-meal and its application Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104286429B
CN104286429B CN201410388532.7A CN201410388532A CN104286429B CN 104286429 B CN104286429 B CN 104286429B CN 201410388532 A CN201410388532 A CN 201410388532A CN 104286429 B CN104286429 B CN 104286429B
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parts
meal
powder
fish
low fish
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CN104286429A (en
Inventor
贠彪
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Zhuhai Rongchuan Feed Co., Ltd.
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ZHEJIANG HAID FEED Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of low fish-meal, by weight, including following components, 58 parts of imported fish meal, 10 12 parts of chicken meal, 46 parts of meat meal tankage, it is spray-dried 12 parts of blood cell powder, 46 parts of FSPC, 8 12 parts of corn protein powder, 15 18 parts of dehulled soybean meal, 7 10 parts of peanut meal, 23 parts of euphausia superba powder, 34 parts of beer yeast powder, 0.30 0.40 parts of yeast extract, 0.20 0.30 parts of manna oligosacchride, 0.01 0.02 parts of eucommia leaf extract, 0.10 0.12 parts of natural carotenol.The application of the low fish-meal of the open present invention in addition.The present invention provides a kind of low fish-meal and original effect is maintained on growth performance and body colour.

Description

A kind of low fish-meal and its application
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of fodder, more particularly, to a kind of low fish-meal and its application.
Background technology
Pelteobagrus Silurformes(Siluriformes), Catfish sections(Bagridae), Pelteobagrus(Pelteobagrus).It is main The Changjiang river to be distributed in.The many activities in hydrostatic or rivers unhurried current of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco, happiness bottom are dwelt life, inhabit lake water bottom, night daytime Between then swim over to layer waterborne and look for food.Pelteobagrus fulvidraco be it is a kind of it is carnivorous based on ominivore-fish, have been able to artificial propagation at present, its It is fine and tender taste, delicious flavour, nutritious, it is deep to be liked by consumer.
Pelteobagrus fulvidraco is temperate water fishes, and adaptability is stronger, can cultivate in all kinds of waters.National Pelteobagrus fulvidraco cultivation according to statistics Area surpasses 50,000 mu, cultured output up to more than 200,000 tons, more than 300,000 tons of the mixed feed of ingesting, annual value of production is more than 4,000,000,000 yuan.Mesh Before, mainly using imported fish meal as its major protein raw material, its ratio is 40% or so for the formula of artifical compound feed.
However, global fish meal resource but worsening shortages, price constantly rises, so causes feed price to remain high, support Cost increase is grown, while being also unfavorable for the protection of marine fishery resources.Carry out in terms of fish meal is reduced to predacious fish both at home and abroad Substantial amounts of research, result of study show animal/vegetable protein substitute the key constraints of fish meal be replace after grazing rate and growth Decline, material than raising, cause feed palatability to decline after main reason is that replacement fish meal, amino acid deletions or imbalance, not Caused by knowing that growth factor disappearance and ANFs exceed fish tolerance threshold.
Therefore, it is necessary to develop a kind of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco mixed feed of low fish meal, to reduce mixed feed cost, reduce to supporting The pollution of water body is grown, promotes cultivation sustainable health development.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of low fish-meal, by weight, including following components,
Imported fish meal 5-8 parts,
Chicken meal 10-12 parts,
Meat meal tankage 4-6 parts,
Blood cell powder 1-2 parts are spray-dried,
FSPC 4-6 parts,
Corn protein powder 8-12 parts,
Dehulled soybean meal 15-18 parts,
Peanut meal 7-10 parts,
Euphausia superba powder 2-3 part,
Beer yeast powder 3-4 parts,
Yeast extract 0.30-0.40 parts,
Manna oligosacchride 0.20-0.30 parts,
Eucommia leaf extract 0.01-0.02 parts,
Natural carotenol 0.10-0.12 parts.
Following components can also be included by weight,
Flour 23-26 parts,
Fish oil 1-2 parts,
Soya-bean oil 1-2 parts,
Phosphatide oil 1-2 parts,
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1-2 parts,
Multidimensional pre-composition 0.1-0.3 parts,
Many ore deposit pre-composition 0.5-0.8 parts,
Salt 0.1-0.2 parts,
Choline Chloride 0.1-0.2 parts,
Bile acid 0.1-0.2 parts,
L lysine HCL 0.2-0.4 parts,
DL- METHIONINE 0.2-0.4 parts,
L-threonine 0.2-0.3 parts,
Taurine 0.15-0.25 parts,
Antioxidant 0.01-0.05 parts,
Mould inhibitor 0.1-0.3 parts.
There is provided a kind of application, the application of above-mentioned low fish-meal in Pelteobagrus fulvidraco raising.
Compared with normal diet, the present invention has following advantage:
1st, chicken meal, meat meal tankage, spray drying blood cell powder, FSPC, corn protein powder, dehulled soybean meal and peanut The dregs of rice are the high-quality protein raw materials of steady sources, and this several protein raw materials is used in mixed way and can make up mutually self amino acid pattern not Foot;
2nd, collocation euphausia superba powder, beer yeast powder and yeast extract can be made up under the grazing rate that low fish-meal causes Drop;
3rd, supplement manna oligosacchride and eucommia leaf extract can effectively improve utilization ratio of the Pelteobagrus fulvidraco to mixed feed so that The low fish-meal of the present invention is more efficient;
4th, supplement natural carotenol(Marigold, 2%)It is in order to coloring stabilized with bile acid.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the effect contrast figure of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco cultivation.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is further described with reference to specific embodiment.Unless stated otherwise, the present invention adopt reagent, Apparatus and method are the routinely commercial reagent of the art, equipment and conventional use of method.
Embodiment 1
In a preferred embodiment, including the component of following parts by weight:6 parts of imported fish meal, euphausia superba powder 2 Part, 10 parts of chicken meal, 6 parts of meat meal tankage are spray-dried 1.5 parts of blood cell powder, and 3 parts of beer yeast powder, 6 parts of FSPC are beautiful 8 parts of rice gluten powder, 15 parts of dehulled soybean meal, 10 parts of peanut meal, 24.37 parts of flour, 1.5 parts of fish oil, 2 parts of soya-bean oil, 1 part of phosphatide oil, 1 part of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.1 part of multidimensional pre-composition, 0.6 part of many ore deposit pre-compositions, 0.2 part of salt, 0.1 part of Choline Chloride, natural leaf Flavine(Marigold, 2%)0.1 part, 0.1 part of bile acid, 0.2 part of L lysine HCL, 0.2 part of DL- METHIONINE, L-threonine 0.2 part, 0.15 part of taurine, 0.35 part of yeast extract, 0.20 part of manna oligosacchride, 0.02 part of eucommia leaf extract are anti-oxidant 0.01 part of agent, 0.1 part of mould inhibitor.Above-mentioned each component raw material is crushed, 80 eye mesh screens are crossed;Then above-mentioned title is added in mixer Measured each component, is well mixed, and Jing after separating twice, Jing fodder machines can be made into.
Forage protein content 40% made by the present embodiment, fat content reach 9%, and lysine content reaches 2.8%, can fill Divide the nutritional need for meeting Pelteobagrus fulvidraco.
Contrast culture experiment of yellow-head catfish feed and the common commercial feed provided with this example as 10 weeks phases.Experiment exists Carry out in net cage, two groups are each to use 6 net cages, each net cage to put 100 tail fishes.Experimentation, feeds 2 times daily.Experimental result See the table below.
Empirical average is per tail initial weight(g) The average end weight per tail(g) Average every tail food ration(g) Feed coefficient(Ingest forage volume/weight gain)
Of the present invention group 40±1 98±4 69.5±3 1.2±0.03
General commercial feed group 40±1 96±3 67±3 1.2±0.02
Experiment shows that raising Pelteobagrus fulvidraco using the low fish-meal that the present invention is provided does not affect ingesting, growing for Pelteobagrus fulvidraco And feed coefficient, but formulation cost and protection marine fishery resources can be greatly lowered.
Embodiment 2
In another preferred embodiment, including the component of following parts by weight:5 parts of imported fish meal, euphausia superba powder 2 Part, 11 parts of chicken meal, 6 parts of meat meal tankage are spray-dried 2 parts of blood cell powder, and 3.5 parts of beer yeast powder, 5 parts of FSPC are beautiful 8 parts of rice gluten powder, 17 parts of dehulled soybean meal, 8 parts of peanut meal, 24.12 parts of flour, 1 part of fish oil, 2 parts of soya-bean oil, 1.5 parts of phosphatide oil, phosphorus 1 part of acid dihydride calcium, 0.15 part of multidimensional pre-composition, 0.8 part of many ore deposit pre-compositions, 0.2 part of salt, 0.1 part of Choline Chloride, natural leaf are yellow Element(Marigold, 2%)0.1 part, 0.1 part of bile acid, 0.2 part of L lysine HCL, 0.2 part of DL- METHIONINE, L-threonine 0.2 Part, 0.15 part of taurine, 0.3 part of yeast extract, 0.25 part of manna oligosacchride, 0.01 part of eucommia leaf extract, antioxidant 0.02 part, 0.1 part of mould inhibitor.Above-mentioned each component raw material is crushed, 80 eye mesh screens are crossed;Then above-mentioned weighing is added in mixer Good each component, is well mixed, and Jing after separating twice, Jing fodder machines can be made into.
Forage protein content 40% made by the present embodiment, fat content reach 9%, and lysine content reaches 2.8%, can fill Divide the nutritional need for meeting Pelteobagrus fulvidraco.
The yellow-head catfish feed and common commercial feed provided with this example contrasts culture experiment as the pond of 2 months phases. Experiment is carried out in pond, and two groups are each to use 2 ponds.Experimentation, feeds 2 times daily.Experimental result is shown in Fig. 1.
Pelteobagrus fulvidraco body colour is made up of melanin and luteochrome.Experiment sample is detected by colour difference meter.Cultivation 2 30 tail fishes are taken to each pond at random after month, the measure of melanin and luteochrome content is carried out to which, measurement result see the table below.
Back melanin content(mg/kg) Back luteochrome content(mg/kg) Belly luteochrome content(mg/kg)
Of the present invention group 26.4±3.2 498.4±46.5 420.1±42.4
General commercial feed group 27.3±3.4 490.3±48.6 430.4±43.6
Experiment shows, compared with feeding general commercial yellow-head catfish feed group, raises using the low fish-meal that the present invention is provided Foster Pelteobagrus fulvidraco does not affect the body colour of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco.
General commercial yellow-head catfish feed formula is as follows:40 parts of imported fish meal, 28 parts of dehulled soybean meal, 25.43 parts of flour, fish oil 1.5 parts, 2 parts of soya-bean oil, 1 part of phosphatide oil, 1 part of calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.1 part of multidimensional pre-composition, 0.5 part of many ore deposit pre-compositions, salt 0.1 Part, 0.1 part of Choline Chloride, natural carotenol(Marigold, 2%)0.15 part, 0.02 part of antioxidant, 0.1 part of mould inhibitor.

Claims (1)

1. application of a kind of low fish-meal in Pelteobagrus fulvidraco raising, it is characterised in that by weight, by following components group Into,
Imported fish meal 5-8 parts,
Chicken meal 10-12 parts,
Meat meal tankage 4-6 parts,
Blood cell powder 1-2 parts are spray-dried,
FSPC 4-6 parts,
Corn protein powder 8-12 parts,
Dehulled soybean meal 15-18 parts,
Peanut meal 7-10 parts,
Euphausia superba powder 2-3 part,
Beer yeast powder 3-4 parts,
Yeast extract 0.30-0.40 parts,
Manna oligosacchride 0.20-0.30 parts,
Eucommia leaf extract 0.01-0.02 parts,
Natural carotenol 0.10-0.12 parts;
Flour 23-26 parts,
Fish oil 1-2 parts,
Soya-bean oil 1-2 parts,
Phosphatide oil 1-2 parts,
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1-2 parts,
Multidimensional pre-composition 0.1-0.3 parts,
Many ore deposit pre-composition 0.5-0.8 parts,
Salt 0.1-0.2 parts,
Choline Chloride 0.1-0.2 parts,
Bile acid 0.1-0.2 parts,
L lysine HCL 0.2-0.4 parts,
DL- METHIONINE 0.2-0.4 parts,
L-threonine 0.2-0.3 parts,
Taurine 0.15-0.25 parts,
Antioxidant 0.01-0.05 parts,
Mould inhibitor 0.1-0.3 parts.
CN201410388532.7A 2014-08-08 2014-08-08 A kind of low fish-meal and its application Active CN104286429B (en)

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CN105076876A (en) * 2015-09-17 2015-11-25 通威股份有限公司 Schizothorax prenanti juvenile fish feed
CN105410464A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-03-23 天津市晨辉饲料有限公司 Compound feed for improving stress resistance of pelteobagrus fulvidraco and preparation method thereof
CN105410469A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-03-23 中粮饲料有限公司 Feed for culturing pelteobagrus fulvidraco and preparation method of feed
CN105767588A (en) * 2016-03-03 2016-07-20 珠海海龙生物科技有限公司 Environmentally protective raw fish puffed feed with low emissions of nitrogen and phosphorus and preparation method thereof
CN106819643A (en) * 2016-12-31 2017-06-13 新昌县润普水产科技有限公司 A kind of low fish meal protein black porgy fish meal
CN108850662A (en) * 2017-05-12 2018-11-23 湖北战友生物科技有限公司 A kind of Pelteobagrus fulvidraco special swelling mixed feed and preparation method thereof
CN107279598A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-10-24 集美大学 A kind of red clown fish feed addictive and preparation method and application
CN107668387A (en) * 2017-08-28 2018-02-09 陆敏燕 A kind of Taihu Lake whitefish feed formula
CN108967747A (en) * 2018-08-14 2018-12-11 广东恒兴饲料实业股份有限公司 A kind of compound feed for snakeheads and preparation method thereof
CN108813118A (en) * 2018-09-05 2018-11-16 旌德县板桥现代渔业家庭农场 A kind of low fish meal tortoise feed and preparation method thereof
CN110269156A (en) * 2019-07-10 2019-09-24 广东顺德鼎一生物科技有限公司 A kind of low fish meal eel feed
CN111772061A (en) * 2020-08-26 2020-10-16 珠海容川饲料有限公司 Pelteobagrus fulvidraco compound feed without fish meal as well as preparation method and application of compound feed
CN112535248A (en) * 2020-12-03 2021-03-23 福建海大饲料有限公司 Penaeus vannamei boone feed aiming at intensive culture mode and application thereof
CN112471359A (en) * 2020-12-03 2021-03-12 珠海容川饲料有限公司 Low-fish-meal golden pomfret feed and application thereof
CN112753901A (en) * 2021-01-29 2021-05-07 珠海容川饲料有限公司 Feed for preventing ascites disease of pelteobagrus fulvidraco and application thereof

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CN103750062A (en) * 2014-01-28 2014-04-30 无锡肽旗生物科技有限公司 Low fish meal mixed feed for pelteobagrus fulvidraco

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CN101438771A (en) * 2008-12-26 2009-05-27 集美大学 Compound feed for shrimp and method for preparing the same
CN102178078A (en) * 2011-04-07 2011-09-14 深圳市澳华农牧有限公司 Health-care compound feed for prawns and production method thereof
CN102334623A (en) * 2011-10-19 2012-02-01 北京大北农科技集团股份有限公司 Composite premix for carps, preparation method thereof and mixed batch
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Address after: 519000 Guangdong province Zhuhai city Doumen District Doumen town small Hao Chong Cun throttle Au

Patentee after: Zhuhai Rongchuan Feed Co., Ltd.

Address before: 312073 Shaoxing, Shaoxing Binhai Industrial Zone, Central Road (MA on Town, the New Village)

Patentee before: ZHEJIANG HAID FEED CO., LTD.